Category:Minnesota state historic sites
Pages in category "Minnesota state historic sites"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Minnesota Historical Society – The Minnesota Historical Society is a nonprofit educational and cultural institution dedicated to preserving the history of the U. S. state of Minnesota. It was founded by the legislature in 1849, almost a decade before statehood. The Society is named in the Minnesota Constitution and it is headquartered in the Minnesota History Center in downtown St. Paul. Although its focus is on Minnesota history it is not constrained by it and its work on the North American fur trade has been recognized in Canada as well. The Minnesota Historical Society operates 31 historic sites and museums,26 of which are open to the public, MNHS manages 14 sites directly and 10 in partnerships where the society maintains the resources and provides funding. Five sites are being held for preservation but are closed to public access, seven of the sites are National Historic Landmarks and 16 others are on the National Register of Historic Places. Seven sites lie within Minnesota state parks, and three are elements of the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, journals and other documents of the Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesota Historical Society / Internet Archive
2. Museum – Most large museums are located in major cities throughout the world and more local ones exist in smaller cities, towns and even the countryside. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public, the goal of serving researchers is increasingly shifting to serving the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, the city with the largest number of museums is Mexico City with over 128 museums. According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries, the English museum comes from the Latin word, and is pluralized as museums. The first museum/library is considered to be the one of Plato in Athens, however, Pausanias gives another place called Museum, namely a small hill in Classical Athens opposite to the Akropolis. The hill was called Mouseion after Mousaious, a man who used to sing on the hill, the purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve, interpret, and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public. The purpose can also depend on ones point of view, to a family looking for entertainment on a Sunday afternoon, a trip to a local history museum or large city art museum could be a fun, and enlightening way to spend the day. To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the health of a city. To a museum professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museums mission, Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge. In 1829, James Smithsons bequest, that would fund the Smithsonian Institution, stated he wanted to establish an institution for the increase, Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of classification of a field of knowledge for research. As American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students, while many large museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, are still respected as research centers, research is no longer a main purpose of most museums. While there is a debate about the purposes of interpretation of a museums collection, there has been a consistent mission to protect. Much care, expertise, and expense is invested in efforts to retard decomposition in aging documents, artifacts, artworks. All museums display objects that are important to a culture, as historian Steven Conn writes, To see the thing itself, with ones own eyes and in a public place, surrounded by other people having some version of the same experience can be enchanting. Museum purposes vary from institution to institution, some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects and they displayed objects as well as their functions. One exhibit featured a printing press that a staff member used for visitors to create museum memorabilia
3. Birch Coulee Battlefield – Birch Coulee Battlefield in Renville County, Minnesota, United States, was the site of the Battle of Birch Coulee, the costliest military engagement for U. S. forces during the Dakota War of 1862. It is now a site with self-guided trails and markers interpreting the battle from both sides. Birch Coulee was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places for having state-level significance in military history, Birch Coulee Battlefield lies on what, in 1862, was open prairie stretching on to the north and west, with woods to the south. Defining the east edge is a wooded ravine, a landform known locally by the French term coulee. Birch Coulee, known to the Dakota as Tanpa Yukan, is 60 feet deep, a few hundred yards to the west of the coulee, the prairie rises slightly onto a gentle knoll. On September 1,1862, a detail of about 170 Union Army volunteers. The site was selected by Captain Hiram Grant earlier that day while Brown was ahead scouting, a group of Dakota soldiers under Zitkahtahhota, on their way to attack New Ulm, chanced upon the U. S. soldiers camping in a tactically weak position. Hidden by the ravine and the prairie grass, the Dakota surrounded the camp and attacked at dawn, inflicting heavy casualties. With the Union party cut off from water and dug in behind their dead mounts, the Dakota maintained a daylong siege, letting occasional gunfire. 16 miles away at Fort Ridgely, a guard reported distant gunfire and they came within sight of their besieged comrades, but Dakota soldiers hidden in the coulee under the leadership of Mankato began whooping and shouting. Frightened into thinking there were hundreds of Dakota lying in ambush, a larger relief party marched through the night under Colonel Henry Hastings Sibley. Seeing them, the Dakota slipped away, ending the 30-hour siege, the U. S. casualties in the battle were thirteen dead, almost fifty wounded, and ninety horses killed. Dakota leader Wamditanka later recorded only two men killed on his side, inexplicably the commission chose instead to acquire a 1. 75-acre property two miles south of the battlefield, where they raised a 46-foot granite monument. At the dedication ceremony on September 3,1894, former governor William Rainey Marshall lambasted the commission in his speech, the state legislature provided additional money in 1895, along with clear instructions to secure acreage on the actual battlefield, but no action was taken. It wasnt until 1929, following a resurgence of community advocacy, in 1937 a Works Progress Administration crew helped develop the park, reseeding the land and building amenities like trails, roads, picnic area, and a parking lot. In 1976 legislative action redesignated the property a state historic site, the Historical Society redeveloped the battlefield beginning in 1998 and it reopened to the public in 2000. Self-guided interpretive signs describe the battle from the perspectives of Captain Joseph Anderson and Wamditanka, guideposts mark the U. S. camp and the positions of the surrounding Dakota. Management has since transferred to the Renville County Parks Department
4. Charles A. Lindbergh State Park – Charles A. Lindbergh State Park is a 569-acre Minnesota state park on the outskirts of Little Falls. The park was once the farm of Congressman Charles August Lindbergh and his son Charles Lindbergh and their restored 1906 house and two other farm buildings are within the park boundaries. The house, a National Historic Landmark, and an adjacent museum are operated by the Minnesota Historical Society, three buildings and three structures built by the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s were named to the National Register of Historic Places. These buildings include a shelter and a water tower, built in the Rustic Style from local stone and logs. Charles August Lindbergh, known as C. A. was a prominent lawyer, in March 1901 he married Evangeline Lodge Land, the college-educated descendant of two notable Detroit medical families, who had come to Little Falls the previous autumn as a teacher. She, C. A. and his two daughters from a previous marriage moved to a property, which C. A. had purchased for a farm three years earlier. They had a house built on the bluff overlooking the Mississippi River. A tenants house was built across the road for the farm workers, Charles Augustus Lindbergh was born in 1902, and would be the couples only child. A barn was later that year, and the farm was populated with cattle, goats, hogs, sheep, chickens. On August 5,1905 a fire started for unknown reasons on the third floor, the house burned down to its stone foundation, but the Lindberghs and their servants escaped injury and managed to save many of the household items. The Lindberghs had a new house built on the foundation of the first, however it was much smaller, due to C. A. s overextended finances and a growing strain in the marriage. The new house fit awkwardly onto the footprint of the old, the basement, intended as a library for C. A. and the upper floor was never finished. Instead, C. A. entered politics and in 1907 began serving the first of five terms in the U. S. House of Representatives. For the next decade the younger Charles spent much of each year in Detroit and Washington, however, Charles would credit his time spent on the farm and playing along the Mississippi for his strength and self-reliance. The unfinished upper floor became Charles exclusive play area, and upon hearing an unusually loud engine one day in 1911 he climbed out onto the roof and saw his first airplane. Evangelines relationship with C. A. and his daughters worsened, Charles continued sleeping in his bedroom, which was really a screened-in porch, on all but the very coldest winter nights. He began overseeing the farm and was an early adopter of mechanization technology, Charles left in 1920 to attend college and returned only once, in 1923, arriving in his Curtiss JN-4 plane and landing in a field on the west side of the property. In the next two years the barn burned down and C. A. died, and the farm was largely neglected, after Charles Lindbergh became famous in 1927, souvenir seekers frequently broke into the empty house and caused extensive damage
5. Forest History Center – The Forest History Center is one of 26 sites run by the Minnesota Historical Society. Located in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, the focuses on displaying the historical and cultural impact that Minnesotas forests have had on people. Historically, logging was an economic driver, presently there is a large use of Minnesota forests for recreational purposes. The center allows visitors to see this relationship through exhibits, films, tours, historical reenactments. The Interpretive Center houses exhibits and historical artifacts that relate to Minnesota Forests, the Center is divided up into sections representing different themes and time periods. Costumed interpreters reenact logging camp processes as well as interact with visitors, Forest Lookout Tower 1930s Era Minnesota Forest Service Cabin A floating cookshack Minnesota Historical Society, Forest History Center
6. Forestville Mystery Cave State Park – Forestville Mystery Cave State Park is a state park in Minnesota. It contains the village of Forestville, which has restored to a 19th-century appearance. The Minnesota Historical Society operates it as a historic site, below ground the park contains Mystery Cave, the states longest cave, which is open to the public. The park is between Spring Valley and Preston, Minnesota, the park is in the Driftless Area, noted for its karst topography, which includes sinkholes and caves. The cave includes stalactites, stalagmites, and underground pools, and is a constant 48 °F and it has over 13 miles of passages in two rock layers and is being resurveyed and remapped by volunteers. About 450 million years ago sedimentary rocks were deposited as the land was covered by shallow seas that transgressed and regressed. Over the eons the alternating deposits of mud and oceanic debris were compressed to form limestone, shale, today these layers are 1,300 feet above sea level. Within the last 500,000 to 1,000,000 years, acidic rainwater also sculpted the land above and around the cave, creating thousands of sinkholes and other karst features in the surrounding county. Numerous reptiles and amphibians are present, at least 175 species of birds have also been recorded. The South Branch of the Root River contains brown trout, brook trout, the Minnesota Historical Society operates Historic Forestville as a living museum set in 1899. Costumed interpreters portray Forestville residents and go about daily activities in the store, house, kitchen, farm. Forestville was a trade center in the 1800s that declined after the railroad was built elsewhere in 1868. Thomas Meighen, son of one of the founders, owned the entire village by 1890, including the general store. Admission to Historic Forestville is separate from the caves, Historic Forestville is open from May through October. Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park Minnesota Historical Society, Historic Forestville
7. Fort Ridgely – Fort Ridgely was a United States Army outpost near the Dakota reservation in southwestern Minnesota. Built between 1853–1854, it was named for three officers named Ridgely who were killed in the Mexican–American War, the fort played an important role in the Dakota War of 1862. The Battle of Fort Ridgely was fought there in two engagements over August 20–22,1862 between Army volunteers and refugees from the Minnesota River valley, and Dakota forces, the Army abandoned the fort in 1867 and moved westward. Civilians occupied the buildings and later dismantled the structures for their own use. Today the building foundations are preserved by the Nicollet County Historical Society, the old commissary building now houses the museum. The fort was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970, forts of the Northern Plains, Guide to Historic Military Posts of the Plains Indian Wars
8. Fort Snelling – Fort Snelling, originally known as Fort Saint Anthony, was a military fortification located at the confluence of Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers in Hennepin County, Minnesota. Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, a National Park Service unit, Fort Snelling also refers to an unorganized territory in Hennepin County, Minnesota, containing the former fortification. The Census in 2000 enumerated a population of 442. The Minnesota Historical Society now runs the fort, located atop a bluff along the river, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources runs Fort Snelling State Park, protecting the land at the bottom of the bluff. Fort Snelling once encompassed both parcels, the fort is a National Historic Landmark and has been named a national treasure by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Lieutenant Zebulon Pike in 1805 acquired Pikes Purchase for the United States, significant settlement began in the late 1810s. Following the War of 1812, the United States Department of War built a chain of forts and these forts primarily protected the northwestern territories from Canadian and British encroachment. The Army founded Fort Saint Anthony in 1819, colonel Josiah Snelling commanded the 5th Infantry Regiment. Its soldiers constructed the original Fort Saint Anthony from 1820 to 1824, during construction, most soldiers lived at Camp Coldwater, which provided drinking water to the fort throughout the 19th century. The post surgeon began recording meteorological observations at Fort Saint Anthony in January 1820, upon its completion in 1825, the Army renamed the fort as Fort Snelling in honor of its commander and architect. At Fort Snelling, the garrison attempted to keep the peace between the Dakota people. Colonel Snelling suffered from dysentery, and bouts of the illness made him susceptible to anger. Recalled to Washington, he left Fort Snelling in September 1827, colonel Snelling died in summer 1828 from complications due to dysentery and a brain fever. John Marsh, a native of Danvers, Massachusetts, came to the fort during the early 1820s, at the fort, he set up the first school for children of the officers. He also developed a relationship with the local Sioux tribe. He had been studying medicine at Harvard for two years before deciding to leave school without earning a degree and he used this opportunity to read medicine under the tutelage of the post physician, Dr. Purcell. The physician died before Marsh completed the course, so he still had no medical degree. In 1830 Fort Snelling was the birthplace of John Taylor Wood, John Emerson purchased the slave Dred Scott in Saint Louis, Missouri, but he later worked and lived at Fort Snelling during much of the 1830s, having brought Dred and his wife Harriet Scott with him
9. Harkin's General Store – Harkins General Store is all that remains of West Newton, in Nicollet County, Minnesota, United States. Alexander Harkin opened the store as combination general store and post office in 1867 in the town of West Newton. The town fell into decline after four years of locust in southern Minnesota, the store finally closed its doors in 1901. Minnesota Historical Society, Harkin Store Nicollet Historical Society, Harkin Store Harkins Historic Store