Imperial Crown of Russia
The Imperial Crown of Russia, known as the Great Imperial Crown, was used by the Emperors of Russia until the monarchys abolition in 1917. The Great Imperial Crown was first used in a coronation by Catherine II and it survived the subsequent revolution and is currently on display in the Moscow Kremlin Armoury State Diamond Fund. By 1613, when Michael Romanov, the first Tsar of the Romanov Dynasty was crowned, the Russian regalia included a cross, a golden chain, a barmas, the Crown of Monomakh, sceptre. Over the centuries, various Tsars had fashioned their own private crowns, modeled for the most part after the Crown of Monomakh, in 1719, Tsar Peter I the Great founded the earliest version of what is now known as the Russian Federations State Diamond Fund. The Silk Imperial Crown of Russia was given as a coronation gift of the Russian Empire at the coronation of Nicholas II the last Emperor of the Romanov line. Nicholas II was the first and only monarch to be presented with such a coronation gift.
It was not intended as ceremonial regalia but as private Imperial property as a memento to his coronation event, the court jeweller Ekart and Jérémie Pauzié made the Great Imperial Crown for the coronation of Catherine the Great in 1762. The beautiful crown reflects Pauzies skilled workmanship and it is adorned with 4936 diamonds arranged in splendid patterns across the entire surface of the crown Bordering the edges of the mitre are a number of fine, large white pearls. It is believed to be the second largest spinel in the world, peter’s widow and successor, Catherine I, was the first Russian ruler to wear this form of imperial crown. It is believed to be the second largest spinel in the world, except for the two rows of large white pearls the entire surface of the crown is covered with 4936 diamonds and is quite heavy, weighing approximately nine pounds. At the coronation of Nicholas II in 1896, the crown was worn by Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna as was her right as a crowned Empress.
A second identical lesser Imperial Crown was made for the young Empress Alexandra Feodorovna to wear, Dowager Empresses outranked reigning Empress Consorts at the Russian Court. The work is now in the collection of the Hermitage Museum, following the tradition of the Byzantine Emperors, the Tsar of Russia placed the crown upon his own head. This left no doubt that, in the Russian system, the power came directly from God. The prayer of the Metropolitan, similar to that of the Patriarch of Constantinople for the Byzantine Emperor, a few days prior to the crowning service itself, the Tsar made a processional entry into Moscow, where coronations were always held. After the Tsar entered the cathedral, he and his spouse venerated the icons there and he took it and placed it on his head himself, while the Metropolitan recited, In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, Amen. Following this, the new Tsar crowned his consort, first briefly with his own crown, further prayers and litanies were read, the Emperor was anointed just prior to reception of Holy Communion during the Divine Liturgy.
He was invited to enter the area through the Royal Doors
Fire of Moscow (1547)
The great fire of Moscow in 1547 destroyed sections of Moscow that had been built almost entirely of wood. The fire swept into the Kremlin and blew up the stores in several of the Kremlins towers. The fire began on June 24, several months after Ivan IV, the fire displaced about 80,000 people and killed about 2,700 to 3,700, and led to widespread poverty among the survivors. He may have never recovered from his injuries, although he lived another 16 years. The Muscovites put the blame on the maternal relatives from the Glinski family. A rebellion began and Yuri Glinski was stoned to death inside the Cathedral of the Dormition in front of a horrified Metropolitan Makarii. Yuris brother, Mikhail Glinski attempted to flee to Lithuania but failed, the rebellion resulted in the fall of the Glinski party and eventually strengthened the positions of the young tsar, although he did not hand his grandmother over to the mob as they demanded
Chertanovo is a historical region and housing area in the Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Russia. The name derives from Chertanovo village first mentioned in 1665, the territory became part of Moscow in 1960. The area is 21,3 km2, the population is 364693, there are three administrative districts of Moscow, five metro stations, three railway stations,25 streets and five parks. There are 10 groups of mounds of Vyatichi, one of the medieval Slavic tribes. There are many version of origin of the name Chertanovo, according to Vladimir Toporov the name of Chertanovo village derives from name Chertanovka river and its name derives from medieval Finno-Ugric languages. Chertanovo village was located on the territory of modern Northern Chertanovo district near Chertanovo railway platform, but it was not mentioned in census books in 1646. Therefore, Chertanovo village might appear between 1646 and 1665, since the late 1960s intensive building of houses of mass series began. In the late 1970s, building of Exemplary Perspective Housing Area began in Northern Chertanovo, in 1980, it was supposed to use as an Olympic village.
Now this territory is called microrayon Chertanovo Severnoye and is part of Chertanovo Severnoye District. The northern border of the area is Balaklavsky prospekt, the border is Paveletsky and Kursk railway lines. The territory of Chertanovo is a plain, number of storeys of apartment houses is from three to 39. Most of buildings is block of flats of 9 or 17 storeys, on the east of Chertanovo is situated industrial zone, now most of plants does not work and its buildings is used for offices of different companies. From the metro station Yuzhnaya and Annino suburban and long-distance long-range buses goes to the regions of Russia. Pokrovskaya 2nd street Rossoshanskaya street Rossoshansky proyezd Staropokrovsky proyezd Sumskaya street Sumskoy proyezd In Chertanovo, there are parks, green yards. Bitsa forest-park is a natural park of Moscow. Park of the 30th Anniversary of the Victory, since October 29,1974, chertanovskoye podvorye Pokrovsky park The alley or School alley Staropokrovskoye cemetery, since 1858.
Theatre Small theatrical troupe, Sumskoy proyezd, 6A Cinema of cinema circuit Cinema park, Dnepropetrovskaya street,2, sezon Cinema, Krasnogo Mayaka street, 2б. Cinema of cinema circuit Formula Kino, microdistrict Chertanovo Severnoye, 1А, training airfield in Cheratnovo, the monument to the pilots, died at the time of Second World War, Kirovogradskaya street, estate 10