The Geneva Spur, named Eperon des Genevois and has been called the Saddle Rib is a geological feature on Mount Everest—it is a large rock buttress near the summits of Everest and Lhotse. The Geneva spur is above Camp III and the Yellow Band and it is a Spur near the south col. A related formation is the saddle between the peaks of Mount Everest and Lhotse, the spur is between about 25,000 and 26,000 feet altitude. The Geneva Spur name comes from the 1952 Swiss Mount Everest Expedition, the spur provides a route to the South Col, and is usually traversed by climbers heading for Lhotse or Everest summits. From the top of Geneva Spur, South Col can be seen, Lhotse climbers typically head southeast from Geneva Spur, and on to a couloir to ascend that summit. Far bigger than it looks from a distance, Geneva Spur was a mixture of snow. The Geneva spur is above the Yellow Band, on the Southeast Ridge climbing route, the Genava Spur lies below Camp IV - and above Camp III, the spur provides a route to the South Col, and is usually traversed by climbers heading for Lhotse or Everest summits.
The Geneva Spur, is now called the Saddle Rib and it is flanked on either side by two steep couloirs, which after fresh falls of snow become dangerously exposed to avalanches, but after dry spells turn to grooves of bare ice. Geneva Spur Lhotse from Geneva Spur Climbers above the spur Climbing from Camp III to IV
Asian Trekking is a commercial adventure company based in Nepal started by Sherpa Ang Tshering. Ang Tshering was one of the first graduates of Sir Edmund Hillary’s school, Asian Trekking is based out of Kathmandu, Nepal. In 2001, it was recorded that Asian Trekking ran 25 large mountain expeditions per year, in particular, they are known for supporting treks to Mount Everest. Asian Trekking made international news when in 2006 four of its clients, one of the clients, David Sharp, died near the summit and this event became the center of an international climbing ethics controversy. Ang said that climbers can die if they use all their energy getting to the summit of Mount Everest, Asian Trekking is known in mountaineering for providing logistics only Everest expeditions, although cheap, do not offer a lot of extras higher up the mountain. Logistics only, compared to guided or even non-guided climbs, is cheaper and gives climbers more freedom. Asian Trekking sells unguided Everest expeditions for both the north and south side, but they are oriented towards supplying basic supplies and expedition organization such as hiring a local sherpa, Asian Trekking has organized multiple years of Eco Everest Expeditions, and often provides logistics for many expeditions.
Asian Trekking supported the 2001 International Everest Expedition, sadly they lost one person, Lhakpa Nuru who died was supporting the Eco Everest Expedition. One tragic year was in 2006 when multiple clients died including David Sharp, Vitor Negrete, Thomas Weber, in addition, two Asian Trekking Sherpas were killed on April 21,2006 in a serac fall on the south side, Lhakpa Tseri and Dawa Temba. At the time of his death, David Sharp was found to be in possession of a receipt for US$7,490, fully guided expeditions are between thirty to one hundred thousand US$ plus an additional twenty thousand in other expenses that range from gear to bonuses. Asian Trekking services are cheap because they end at base camp. However, Brazilian Vitor Negrete, climbing with Asian Trekking and possibly teaming with Sharp, in Vitors case he developed medical problems returning from the summit and died in the arms of his Sherpa assistant. Asian Trekking has supported expeditions on the North and South sides of Mount Everest, Asian Trekking has supported International Dream Everest and Eco Everest Expedition trips to Mount Everest.
Lhakpa Nuru Sherpa was from Phurte, Nepal and is recorded to have died on May 7,2009 on the side of Everest. In the aftermath of 2015 Mount Everest avalanche, Asian Trekking, examples of lost clients, etc. Asian Trekking has supported expeditions to Manaslu
The Lho La is a col on the border between Nepal and Tibet north of the Western Cwm, near Mount Everest. It is at the lowest point of the West Ridge of the mountain at a height of 6,006 metres, however, as the glaciers declined the favoured trade route became the Nangpa La, to the west. This would allow the South Col to be called Lho La as it is the col south of Everest, unfortunately the Nangpa La had been called the Khumbu La in the past and was still sometimes being called by that name. British sentiment was against the name changes and the new names never stuck. The first western explorers to discover the col were George Mallory and they were exploring the West Rongbuk Glacier in Tibet hoping it might give access to a route for reaching the summit of Everest. They named it Lho La, meaning South Pass simply because it was to the south of where they were and this rather self-centred decision was to give difficulties later, as mentioned above. Lho La gave access to Everests West Ridge and to its Western Cwm, by 1951 Chinas occupation of Tibet and the opening of Nepal to foreigners meant that Everest was only accessible from the south.
A Dane, Klavs Becker-Larsen travelled to Khumbu with the intention of entering Tibet secretly and his attempts to cross the frontier by climbing the Lho La were unsuccessful and he had to retreat. After unsuccessful attempts in 1974 and 1978, the first time Everest was climbed via the Lho La was in 1979 when a Yugoslavian team ascended the West Ridge from there. Led by Tone Skarja, a team of 40 put fixed ropes up from 5,350 metres on the Khumbu Glacier and used a hand winch for 200 metres to lift 6 tons of equipment. They assessed the climbing grade as between II and III, and on the upper 150 metres as between IV and V, claiming this to be the highest grade V climb in the world, into the Silence, The Great War and the Conquest of Everest. London, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, trekking in Tibet, a travelers guide. Retrieved 28 August 2014 – via YouTube, – video showing the change in height of the West Rongbuk Glacier, in the area of Lho La, between the years 1921 and 2008
Expedition Everest — Legend of the Forbidden Mountain is a steel roller coaster built by Vekoma at Disneys Animal Kingdom theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. The ride is themed around the Yeti hiding in Mount Everest and it is listed in the 2011 book of Guinness World Records as the most expensive roller coaster in the world. Including sets and extras, its total cost was reported to be US$100 million, following 6 years of planning and it is the tallest artificial mountain in all of the Walt Disney Parks, though contrary to popular belief, Expedition Everest is not Floridas tallest mountain. It is Disneys 18th mountain-themed attraction, the attraction first was announced publicly on April 22,2003, during an event to celebrate the fifth anniversary of Disneys Animal Kingdom. It took three years and more than 38 miles of rebar,5,000 tons of structural steel, and 10,000 tons of concrete to build the mountain. Expedition Everest first opened for previews on January 26,2006, the attraction features a stand-by, Fastpass+, and a single rider line.
The queue starts at the office of the fictional Himalayan Escapes travel agency, visitors next enter a tea garden, followed by a room with equipment from a successful expedition, and the Yeti Museum, which contains information on the Yeti and a moulding of a Yeti footprint. There are about 8,000 artifacts brought from the Nepal trip in the museum, the single rider line skips all of the exhibits. The riders board the coaster in the model village of Serka Zong. The train departs the station to the right and climbs a small lift leading to a drop, circles around to the 118-foot lift hill. It is the tallest attraction at Walt Disney World, beating The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror by 6 inches, on the way up it passes through a ransacked temple with murals of the yeti, warning the riders that the mountain is his territory. At the top of the mountain the train curves around the main peak, when it emerges, it draws to a halt in front of track that has been torn apart, presumably by the yeti. The train itself is held in place by a series of rubber tires while an automatic switch rotates the piece of track directly behind the train.
The train rolls backwards along a new route that spirals down through the mountain, coming to a halt in a large cave and this effect distracts riders from noticing another automatic track switch rotates in front of them. As the shadow moves away, the train rolls forward out of the mountain and it enters a 250° turn and speeds back up through another cave in the mountain, where the roars of the yeti are heard once more. The train exits from the rear of the mountain and enters a large helix before being lifted back into the mountain a final time, the train drops through a cave, where the yeti is reaching down toward it. On reaching the bottom of this drop, riders return to the unloading dock, one ride takes about 2 minutes and 50 seconds. Expedition Everest has six trains, each with six cars that together provide 17 rows seating two abreast, for a total of 34 riders per train
Mount Everest, known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in China as Chomolungma/珠穆朗玛峰, is Earths highest mountain. Its peak is 8,848 metres above sea level, Mount Everest is in the Mahalangur Range. The international border between China and Nepal runs across Everests summit point and its massif includes neighbouring peaks Lhotse,8,516 m, Nuptse,7,855 m, and Changtse,7,580 m. In 1856, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, known as Peak XV, at 8,840 m. The current official height of 8,848 m as recognised by China and Nepal was established by a 1955 Indian survey, in 2005, China remeasured the height of the mountain and got a result of 8844.43 m. An argument regarding the height between China and Nepal lasted five years from 2005 to 2010, China argued it should be measured by its rock height which is 8,844 m but Nepal said it should be measured by its snow height 8,848 m. In 2010, an agreement was reached by both sides that the height of Everest is 8,848 m and Nepal recognises Chinas claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 m.
In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. As there appeared to be several different local names, Waugh chose to name the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of them highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal and the other from the north in Tibet, as of 2016 there are well over 200 corpses on the mountain, with some of them even serving as landmarks. The first recorded efforts to reach Everests summit were made by British mountaineers, with Nepal not allowing foreigners into the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side. Tragedy struck on the descent from the North Col when seven porters were killed in an avalanche. They had been spotted high on the mountain that day but disappeared in the clouds, never to be seen again, Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953 using the southeast ridge route.
Tenzing had reached 8,595 m the previous year as a member of the 1952 Swiss expedition, the Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960. In 1802, the British began the Great Trigonometric Survey of India to fix the locations, starting in southern India, the survey teams moved northward using giant theodolites, each weighing 500 kg and requiring 12 men to carry, to measure heights as accurately as possible. They reached the Himalayan foothills by the 1830s, but Nepal was unwilling to allow the British to enter the country due to suspicions of political aggression, several requests by the surveyors to enter Nepal were turned down. The British were forced to continue their observations from Terai, a region south of Nepal which is parallel to the Himalayas, conditions in Terai were difficult because of torrential rains and malaria. Three survey officers died from malaria while two others had to retire because of failing health, nonetheless, in 1847, the British continued the survey and began detailed observations of the Himalayan peaks from observation stations up to 240 km distant
The Hillary Step is a nearly vertical rock face with a height of around 12 metres located high on Mount Everest at approximately 8,790 metres above sea level. It is located on the South East ridge, halfway between the South Summit and the summit, and is the last real challenge before reaching the top of the mountain via the South East route. The Step was named after Sir Edmund Hillary who was the first person, along with Tenzing Norgay, when Hillary and Tenzing first climbed the Hillary Step on 29 May 1953, they climbed the crack between the snow and the rock. Ascent and descent is now made with the assistance of fixed ropes. First ascents in 2016 revealed that 2015 Mount Everest avalanches removed large boulders from the area, instead of a nearly vertical stone wall, climbers now have to traverse a snow ramp
The Kangshung Glacier is one of the three main glaciers of Mount Everest, the others being the Khumbu Glacier and Rongbuk Glacier. The Kangshung Glaciers accumulation areas lie on the three faces of Everest. The Kangshung Glacier is located on the side of the worlds highest mountain in the government district of Shigatse in the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. The common eastern face of Everest and Lhotse is called the Kangshung Face, the Kangshung Glacier is fed and becomes the Kama Chu river to flow through the Kama valley towards the east. The border between Nepal and China runs over this summit, the east side of Mount Everest is the least accessible and developed side of the mountain
The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier. When climbers attempt to climb Everest via the North ridge, the first camp on the mountain itself is established on the North Col. From this point at approximately 7,020 metres above sea level, climbers make their final push to the summit from Camp VI at 8,230 meters altitude. The North Col was first climbed by George Mallory, Edward Oliver Wheeler and this was the first time a Westerner had set foot on Mount Everest. All subsequent expeditions in the 1920s and 1930s attempted to reach the summit of Everest by using the North Col and this map is inverted, south is up and north is down. The North Col is lower than South Col, and farther from the Everest peak, South Col Sagarmatha National Park Geology of the Himalaya Geography of China Painting of the Camp on North-Col Description of the climbing route to the summit via the North Col