Category:Mountains of the Province No. 1
Pages in category "Mountains of the Province No. 1"
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Mount Everest – Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in China as Chomolungma/珠穆朗玛峰, is Earths highest mountain. Its peak is 8,848 metres above sea level, Mount Everest is in the Mahalangur Range. The international border between China and Nepal runs across Everests summit point and its massif includes neighbouring peaks Lhotse,8,516 m, Nuptse,7,855 m, and Changtse,7,580 m. In 1856, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 8,840 m. The current official height of 8,848 m as recognised by China and Nepal was established by a 1955 Indian survey, in 2005, China remeasured the height of the mountain and got a result of 8844.43 m. An argument regarding the height between China and Nepal lasted five years from 2005 to 2010, China argued it should be measured by its rock height which is 8,844 m but Nepal said it should be measured by its snow height 8,848 m. In 2010, an agreement was reached by both sides that the height of Everest is 8,848 m and Nepal recognises Chinas claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 m. In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. As there appeared to be several different local names, Waugh chose to name the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of them highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal and the other from the north in Tibet, as of 2016 there are well over 200 corpses on the mountain, with some of them even serving as landmarks. The first recorded efforts to reach Everests summit were made by British mountaineers, with Nepal not allowing foreigners into the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side. Tragedy struck on the descent from the North Col when seven porters were killed in an avalanche. They had been spotted high on the mountain that day but disappeared in the clouds, never to be seen again, Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953 using the southeast ridge route. Tenzing had reached 8,595 m the previous year as a member of the 1952 Swiss expedition, the Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960. In 1802, the British began the Great Trigonometric Survey of India to fix the locations, heights, starting in southern India, the survey teams moved northward using giant theodolites, each weighing 500 kg and requiring 12 men to carry, to measure heights as accurately as possible. They reached the Himalayan foothills by the 1830s, but Nepal was unwilling to allow the British to enter the country due to suspicions of political aggression, several requests by the surveyors to enter Nepal were turned down. The British were forced to continue their observations from Terai, a region south of Nepal which is parallel to the Himalayas, conditions in Terai were difficult because of torrential rains and malaria. Three survey officers died from malaria while two others had to retire because of failing health, nonetheless, in 1847, the British continued the survey and began detailed observations of the Himalayan peaks from observation stations up to 240 km distant
2. Kangchenjunga – Kangchenjunga, also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. Mount Kangchenjunga lies about 125 km east-south-east of Mount Everest and it is the second highest mountain of the Himalayas. Three of the five peaks – Main, Central and South – are on the border between North Sikkim and Nepal, two peaks are in Nepals Taplejung District. Kangchenjunga Main is the highest mountain in India, and the easternmost of the higher than 8,000 m. It is called Five Treasures of Snow after its five high peaks, allowing for further verification of all calculations, it was officially announced in 1856 that Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band and they stopped short of the summit as per the promise given to the Chogyal that the top of the mountain would remain inviolate. Every climber or climbing group that has reached the summit has followed this tradition, other members of this expedition included John Angelo Jackson and Tom Mackinon. Kangchenjunga is the spelling adopted by Douglas Freshfield, Alexander Mitchell Kellas. Freshfield referred to the used by the Indian Government since the late 19th century. There are a number of spellings including Kangchendzönga, Khangchendzonga. It means The Five repositories or ledges of great snow and is descriptive of its five peaks. Kangchenjungas name in the Limbu language is Senjelungma or Seseylungma, and is believed to be an abode of the omnipotent goddess Yuma Sammang. The Kangchenjunga transboundary landscape is shared by Bhutan, China, India and Nepal, the Kangchenjunga Himal section of the Himalayas lies both in Nepal and India, and encompasses 16 peaks over 7,000 m. In the north, it is limited by the Lhonak Chu, Goma Chu and Jongsang La, the western limit runs from the Jongsang La down the Gingsang and Kangchenjunga glaciers and the rivers of Ghunsa and Tamur. Kanchenjunga rises about 20 km south of the alignment of the Great Himalayan range about 125 km east-south-east of Mount Everest as the crow flies. South of the face of Kanchenjunga runs the 3, 000–3,500 m high Singalila Ridge that separates Sikkim from Nepal. Kangchenjunga and its satellite peaks form a mountain massif. The massifs five highest peaks are listed in the following table, the main ridge of the massif runs from north-north-east to south-south-west and forms a watershed to several rivers
3. Kumbhakarna Mountain – Kumbhakarna is the 32nd highest mountain in the world. It is an important Western outlier of Kangchenjunga, the third highest peak. Kumbhakarna is a large and steep peak in its own right, the official name of this peak is Kumbhakarna, but the designation Jannu is still better known. It is called Phoktanglungma in native Limbu language, literally Mountain with shoulders, Kumbhakarna is the highest peak of the Kumbhakarna Section of the Kangchenjunga Himal, which straddles the border between Nepal and Sikkim, and lies entirely within Nepal. A long ridge connects it with Kangchenjunga to the east, Kumbhakarna is the 32nd highest mountain in the world. The north face, in particular, has been the scene of some of the most technical climbing achieved at altitudes over 7000m, Kumbhakarna Jannu was first reconnoitered in 1957 by Guido Magnone, and first attempted in 1959 by a French team led by Jean Franco. It was first climbed in 1962 by a led by the French alpinist Lionel Terray. Their route started from the Yamatari Glacier south of the peak and followed a route to the large plateau known as the Throne. A Slovenian climber, Tomo Česen, claimed an ascent of a more direct route on the face in 1989. In 2004, after an attempt the previous year, a Russian team led by Alexander Odintsov succeeded in climbing the direct north face route through the headwall. This required big-wall aid techniques in a sustained, committing setting at over 7500m, despite the controversy, the team won the Piolet dOr for the ascent. The Himalayan Index lists over a dozen ascents of Jannu, there may be others that have not been written up in climbing literature, Himalayan Index DEM files for the Himalaya
4. Lhotse – Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres, after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. Part of the Everest massif, Lhotse is connected to the peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the summit at 8,516 metres above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle at 8,414 m. The summit is on the border between the Tibet region of China and the Khumbu region of Nepal, an early attempt on Lhotse was by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth. It also included two Austrians and two Swiss, and was the first expedition in the Everest area to include Americans, the Nepalese liaison officer was Gaya Nanda Vaidya. They were accompanied by 200 local porters and several climbing Sherpas and they were beaten back by unexpectedly strong wind and cold temperatures. Under Schneiders direction they completed the first map of the Everest area, the expedition also made several short films covering local cultural topics, and made a number of first ascents of smaller peaks in the Khumbu region. The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on May 18,1956 by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss, on May 12,1970, Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar. The Lhotse standard climbing route follows the path as Everests South Col route up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, the last part to the summit leads through the narrow Reiss couloir until the Lhotse main peak is reached. As of December 2008,371 climbers have summitted Lhotse and 20 have died,1955 Attempt by the International Himalayan Expedition. 1956 May 18 First ascent of the summit, Fritz Luchsinger. 1965 First attempt on Lhotse Shar by a Japanese expedition - reached 8,100 m.1970 May 12 First ascent of Lhotse Shar by an Austrian expedition, Sepp Mayerl,1973 First attempt on the South Face by a Japanese expedition led by Royei Uchida. 1974 Polish expedition on Lhotse that way from Polish to Nepal defeated the car Jelcz 316 and it was to be a trip autumn but because of many problems delayed the trip and the trip became autumn-winter. So it was an expedition, for the first time. December 25 Andrzej Zawada and Andrzej Heinrich reached a height of 8250 meters which was the first in the history of ascent the height of 8000 meters in the winter,1975 Attempt on the South Face by Reinhold Messner. 1977 Second ascent of the summit by a German expedition led by Dr. G. Schmatz. 1979 Ascent of the summit by Jerzy Kukuczka without the use of supplemental oxygen
5. Makalu – Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at 8,485 metres. It is located in the Mahalangur Himalayas 19 km southeast of Mount Everest, one of the eight-thousanders, Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. Makalu has two subsidiary peaks. Kangchungtse, or Makalu II lies about 3 km north-northwest of the main summit, rising about 5 km north-northeast of the main summit across a broad plateau, and connected to Kangchungtse by a narrow,7,200 m saddle, is Chomo Lonzo. The first climb on Makalu was made by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954, the expedition was composed of Sierra Club members including Allen Steck, and was called the California Himalayan Expedition to Makalu. They attempted the southeast ridge but were turned back at 7,100 m by a constant barrage of storms, a New Zealand team including Sir Edmund Hillary was also active in the spring, but did not get very high due to injury and illness. In the fall of 1954, a French reconnaissance expedition made the first ascents of the subsidiary summits Kangchungtse, Makalu was first climbed on May 15,1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco. Franco, G. Magnone and Sardar Gyaltsen Norbu summitted the next day, followed by Bouvier, S. Coupe, Leroux and this was an amazing achievement at the time to have the vast majority of expedition members summit, especially on such a difficult peak. Prior to this time, summits were reached by 1-2 people at most with the rest of teams providing logistical support before turning around, the French team climbed Makalu by the north face and northeast ridge, via the saddle between Makalu and Kangchungtse, establishing the standard route. 1955 North Face to Northeast Ridge FA by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of France,1970, Southeast Ridge FA of ridge attempted by the Americans in 1954, was made by Y. Ozaki and A. Tanaka from Japan on May 23,1971, The very technical West Pillar route was climbed in May by Frenchmen B. 1975, South Face - an expedition led by Aleš Kunaver reached the top of Makalu up its steep southern side, the first amongst them was Stane Belak. This was the ascent of an eight-thousand meter peak by a great mountain face. 1976 – South pillar route completed by Czechoslovak expedition, route goes via south butress to Makalu South and then via southeast ridge. Makalu South was climbed by 11 expedition members, two of them - Karel Schubert and Milan Kriššák summited main summit together with Jorge Camprubi from Spanish expedition which climbed southeast ridge. Karel Schubert died after bivouac near the summit, the route wasnt repeated till today. 1980, The second ascent of the West Pillar was completed in May by John Roskelley, Chris Kopczynski, James States and Kim Momb, without Sherpa support and without bottled oxygen. 1981, On 15 October renowned Polish climber Jerzy Kukuczka ascended Makalu via a new route up the north-western side, Kukuczka climbed solo, in Alpine style, without supplemental oxygen
6. Nuptse – Nuptse or Nubtse is a mountain in the Khumbu region of the Mahalangur Himal, in the Nepalese Himalayas. It lies two kilometres WSW of Mount Everest, Nubtse is Tibetan for west peak, as it is the western segment of the Lhotse-Nubtse massif. After a long hiatus, Nubtse again became the objective of high-standard mountaineers in the 1990s and 2000s, with important routes being put up on its west, south, hence it is not ranked on the list of highest mountains. Nuptse on Summitpost Nuptse on Peakware - photos Günther Seifferth, Nuptse at himalaya-info. org
7. Cho Oyu – Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,188 metres above sea level. Cho Oyu means Turquoise Goddess in Tibetan, the mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China-Nepal border, just a few kilometres west of Cho Oyu is Nangpa La, a glaciated pass that serves as the main trading route between the Tibetans and the Khumbus Sherpas. This pass separates the Khumbu and Rolwaling Himalayas, due to its proximity to this pass and the generally moderate slopes of the standard northwest ridge route, Cho Oyu is considered the easiest 8,000 metre peak to climb. It is an objective for professionally guided parties. Cho Oyus height was measured at 26,750 feet and at the time of the first ascent it was considered the 7th highest mountain on earth. A1984 estimate of 8,201 metres made it move up to 6th place, Cho Oyu was first attempted in 1952 by an expedition organised and financed by the Joint Himalayan Committee of Great Britain as preparation for an attempt on Mount Everest the following year. The expedition was led by Eric Shipton and included Edmund Hillary, the mountain was first climbed on October 19,1954, via the north-west ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition. Cho Oyu was the fifth 8000 metre peak to be climbed, after Annapurna in June 1950, Mount Everest in May 1953, Nanga Parbat in July 1953 and K2 in July 1954. Until the ascent of Mount Everest by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler in 1978,1952 First reconnaissance of north-west face by Edmund Hillary and party. 1954 First ascent by Austrians Joseph Jöchler and Herbert Tichy, and Pasang Dawa Lama 1958 Second ascent of the peak, Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama reached the peak for the second time. First death on Cho Oyu.1959 Four members killed in an avalanche during an international womens expedition. 1964 Controversial third ascent by a German expedition as there is no proof of reaching the summit, two mountaineers die of exhaustion in camp 4 at 7,600 m.1978 Edi Koblmüller and Alois Furtner of Austria summit via the extremely difficult southeast face. 1983 Reinhold Messner succeeds on his attempt, with Hans Kammerlander. 1985 On February 12, Poles Maciej Berbeka and Maciej Pawlikowski make the first winter ascent and it is the only winter ascent on eight-thousander made on a new route. Repeated three days later by Andrzej Heinrich and Jerzy Kukuczka,1994 On May 13 Carlos Carsolio sets a world record speed ascent from base camp to summit, ascending in 18 hours and 45 minutes. 1994 First solo ascent via the South West face by Yasushi Yamanoi,2004 Second summit by a double amputee 2007 Second Indian ascent. Expedition led by Abhilekh Singh Virdi,2011 Dutch climber Ronald Naar dies after becoming unwell at 8,000 m
8. Kabru – Kabru is a mountain in the Himalayas on the border of eastern Nepal and India. It is part of a ridge that extends south from Kangchenjunga and is the southernmost 7,000 metres peak in the world and this point has sufficient prominence to be classified as the highest point of a separate mountain, according to the definition used in List of highest mountains. It is confusingly referred to by authorities as Kabru IV. A substantial field of firn measuring about 2 km from north to south and this is almost entirely over 7200 m, and the watershed divide that runs through this field does not drop below this height. 27°37′09″N 88°07′28″E, at the boundary of the field of firn. This point is known as Kabru North, although it is lower than the 7412 m summit, it has been at times considered to be Kabrus highest point, with the higher summit considered to be an unnamed summit along the ridge to Kangchenjunga. An intervening c.7200 m saddle A7318 m summit, at 27°36′30″N 88°06′42″E, to the south west of Kabru south, there is a 6400 m saddle and a 6682 m summit known as Rathong. To its south east is the 6600 m Kabru Dome, the 7338 m summit of Kabru is the site of a mountaineering altitude record, either in 1883 or in 1905. Recent analysis suggests that the mountaineers may have been correct in their assertions after all, notably, Rubenson and Aas believed that Kauffmann, Boss and Graham had reached the same point 34 years before. Kabru North was reached by C. R. Cooke on 18 November 1935 and it remained the highest solo climb until 1953. According to the 1996 version of the Himalayan Journal, members of an Indian Army expedition reached the summit of Kabru IV in May 1994, Kabru South was also climbed by an Indian party in 1994. In 2004, a group of Serbian climbers unsuccessfully attempted the mountain, a series of avalanches forced the group to give up their goal. The north-northwest pillar of Talung was first climbed in 2015 by two Ukrainian climbers, Mikhail Fomin and Nikita Balabanov, who won the Piolet dOr for their climb and it was the fifth ascent of Talung
9. Gyachung Kang – Gyachung Kang is a mountain in the Mahalangur Himal section of the Himalaya, and is the highest peak between Cho Oyu and Mount Everest. It lies on the border between Nepal and China, the peaks lack of significant prominence also contributes to its relative obscurity. The mountain was first climbed on April 10,1964 by Y, Kato, K. Sakaizawa and Pasang Phutar and on the next day by K. Machida and K. Yasuhisa. The north face was first climbed in 1999 by a Slovene expedition and was repeated by Yasushi Yamanoi in 2002, Slovene Gyachung Kang 99 Expedition at MountainZone. com Costly success on Gyachung Kang Report on the first ascent 1964 by Yukihiko Kato