Category:Museum ships in Massachusetts
Pages in category "Museum ships in Massachusetts"
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Boston Tea Party – The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, on December 16,1773. The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, in defiance of the Tea Act of May 10,1773 and they boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution, the Tea Party was the culmination of a resistance movement throughout British America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773. Protesters had successfully prevented the unloading of taxed tea in three colonies, but in Boston, embattled Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused to allow the tea to be returned to Britain. The Boston Tea Party was a significant event in the growth of the American Revolution, Parliament responded in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, or Intolerable Acts, which, among other provisions, ended local self-government in Massachusetts and closed Bostons commerce. The crisis escalated, and the American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775, the North Ministrys attempt to resolve these issues produced a showdown that would eventually result in revolution. As Europeans developed a taste for tea in the 17th century, in England, Parliament gave the East India Company a monopoly on the importation of tea in 1698. When tea became popular in the British colonies, Parliament sought to eliminate competition by passing an act in 1721 that required colonists to import their tea only from Great Britain. The East India Company did not export tea to the colonies, by law, British firms bought this tea and exported it to the colonies, where they resold it to merchants in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston. Until 1767, the East India Company paid an ad valorem tax of about 25% on tea that it imported into Great Britain, Parliament laid additional taxes on tea sold for consumption in Britain. To help offset this loss of government revenue, Parliament also passed the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, instead of solving the smuggling problem, however, the Townshend duties renewed a controversy about Parliaments right to tax the colonies. Controversy between Great Britain and the colonies arose in the 1760s when Parliament sought, for the first time, some colonists, known in the colonies as Whigs, objected to the new tax program, arguing that it was a violation of the British Constitution. Britons and British Americans agreed that, according to the constitution, in Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament. Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, according to Whigs, colonists could only be taxed by their own colonial assemblies. When new taxes were levied in the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, merchants organized a non-importation agreement, and many colonists pledged to abstain from drinking British tea, with activists in New England promoting alternatives, such as domestic Labrador tea. Smuggling continued apace, especially in New York and Philadelphia, where tea smuggling had always been more extensive than in Boston. Parliament finally responded to the protests by repealing the Townshend taxes in 1770, except for the tea duty and this partial repeal of the taxes was enough to bring an end to the non-importation movement by October 1770. From 1771 to 1773, British tea was once imported into the colonies in significant amounts
2. USS Cassin Young – USS Cassin Young was a Fletcher-class destroyer of the U. S. Cassin Young was launched 12 September 1943 by Bethlehem Steel Corp. San Pedro, California, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Young and she is preserved today as a memorial ship, berthed at Boston Navy Yard in Massachusetts, across from the old warship USS Constitution. She was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986 as one of four surviving Fletcher-class destroyers still afloat. Cassin Young arrived at Pearl Harbor 19 March 1944 to complete her training before sailing on to Manus, in addition to radar picket and screening duty, she was also called upon for inshore fire support. As the battle for Saipan raged ashore, escort carriers of Cassin Youngs group launched attacks on the island, as well as sorties to neutralize enemy air fields on Tinian, Rota, and Guam. Similar operations supporting the subsequent assaults on Tinian and Guam claimed the services of Cassin Young until 13 August, when she returned to Eniwetok to replenish. Only four days after her return from this mission to Ulithi, on 14 October, the cruiser Reno was struck by a kamikaze, which wounded five of Cassin Youngs men with machine gun fire. Cassin Young aided in shooting down aircraft in this attack. This developed on 25 October into the Battle off Cape Engaño, a series of air strikes in which four Japanese carriers and a destroyer were sunk. Cassin Young continued operations in support of the Leyte conquest, as her carriers continued to range widely, striking at enemy bases on Okinawa, Formosa, another brief respite at Ulithi preceded her deployment for the Okinawa operation, for which she sailed from Ulithi 22 March 1945. After screening heavy ships in the massive pre-invasion bombardment, Cassin Young moved inshore to support the activities of underwater demolition teams preparing the beaches, on invasion day itself,1 April, the destroyer offered fire support in the assault areas, then took up radar picket duty. On 6 April, Cassin Young endured her first kamikaze attacks with which the Japanese gambled on defeating the Okinawa operation, Cassin Young rescued the survivors of two nearby destroyers that were sunk. On 12 April, it was Cassin Youngs turn, when a wave of kamikazes came in at midday. Her accurate gunfire had aided in shooting down five aircraft, but a sixth crashed high-up into her foremast, surprisingly only one man was killed. Cassin Young, although damaged, made Kerama Retto under her own power, after repairs there and at Ulithi, she returned to Okinawa on 31 May, and resumed radar picket duty. As the kamikaze attacks continued, Cassin Young had respite only during two brief convoy escort voyages to the Marianas, on 28 July, her group was again a prime target for the Japanese, with one destroyer sunk and another badly damaged by kamikazes. During the engagement, Cassin Young assisted in shooting down two aircraft, and rescued survivors from the sunken ship. The next day, she was struck for the second time, twenty-two men were killed and 45 wounded
3. Coast Guard Motor Lifeboat CG 36500 – Coast Guard Motor Lifeboat CG-36500 is a historic, 36-foot lifeboat that is berthed at Rock Harbor in Orleans, Massachusetts. Built in 1946, it is notable for its involvement in the SS Pendleton rescue and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005, and now serves as a museum boat. CG-36500 is a standard 36-foot lifeboat, a specifically designed to remain operational under extremely difficult conditions. It has a keel and skeg, watertight compartments. Most of its elements are white oak, and it has a total weight of nearly 20,000 pounds. The boat was built in 1946 at the Curtis Bay Maryland Coast Guard Yard, on 18 February 1952, the crew of CG-36500, which consisted of Boatswains Mate First Class Bernard C. The rescue of the survivors of the shipwrecked Pendleton is considered one of the most daring rescues of the United States Coast Guard, the story is told in the 2016 motion picture The Finest Hours, based on the 2009 book by the same title. The boat was out of service in 1968, and was given to the National Park Service for use as an exhibit at Cape Cod National Seashore. Restoration work was completed in six months and the boat was re-launched in a ceremony that was attended by Bernard Webber. National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts Citations References used
4. USS Constitution – USS Constitution is a wooden-hulled, three-masted heavy frigate of the United States Navy, named by President George Washington after the Constitution of the United States of America. She is the worlds oldest commissioned naval vessel afloat, Constitution was launched in 1797, one of six original frigates authorized for construction by the Naval Act of 1794 and the third constructed. Joshua Humphreys designed the frigates to be the young Navys capital ships, Constitution was built in the North End of Boston, Massachusetts at Edmund Hartts shipyard. Her first duties with the newly formed U. S. Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi-War with France, the battle with Guerriere earned her the nickname of Old Ironsides and public adoration that has repeatedly saved her from scrapping. She continued to serve as flagship in the Mediterranean and African squadrons, during the American Civil War, she served as a training ship for the United States Naval Academy. She carried American artwork and industrial displays to the Paris Exposition of 1878, Constitution was retired from active service in 1881, and served as a receiving ship until designated a museum ship in 1907. In 1934, she completed a three-year, 90-port tour of the nation, Constitution sailed under her own power for her 200th birthday in 1997, and again in August 2012 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of her victory over Guerriere. The officers and crew are all active-duty U. S. Navy personnel, traditionally, command of the vessel is assigned to a Navy commander. She is usually berthed at Pier 1 of the former Charlestown Navy Yard, in May 2015, Constitution entered Dry Dock 1 to begin a three-year restoration program. In 1785, Barbary pirates began to seize American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean, in 1793 alone, eleven American ships were captured and their crews and stores held for ransom. To combat this problem, proposals were made for warships to protect American shipping, resulting in the Naval Act of 1794. The act provided funds to construct six frigates, but included a clause that, if peace terms were agreed to with Algiers, joshua Humphreys design was unusual for the time, being long on keel and narrow of beam and mounting very heavy guns. The design called for a diagonal scantling scheme intended to restrict hogging while giving the ships extremely heavy planking and this design gave the hull a greater strength than a more lightly built frigate. Humphreys design was based on his realization that the fledgling United States of the period could not match the European states in the size of their navies and this being so, the frigates were designed to overpower any other frigate yet escape from a ship of the line. Primary materials used in her construction consisted of pine and oak, including live oak. Her masts were of white pine from Maine, the keel was ultimately constructed from an alternative white oak tree, sourced from New Jersey. The name Constitution was selected by President George Washington and her keel was laid down on 1 November 1794 at Edmund Hartts shipyard in Boston, Massachusetts under the supervision of Captain Nicholson and naval constructor Colonel George Claghorn. Constitutions hull was built 21 inches thick and her length between perpendiculars was 175 ft, with a 204 ft length overall and a width of 43 ft 6 in, in total,60 acres of trees were needed for her construction
5. Effie M. Morrissey – She also helped survey the Arctic for the United States Government during World War II. She is currently designated by the United States Department of the Interior as a National Historic Landmark as part of the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park and she is the State Ship of Massachusetts. Designed by George McClain of Gloucester, Massachusetts to withstand North Atlantic gales, built with white oak and yellow pine at the John F. James & Washington Tarr shipyard, she took four months to build and was launched 1 February 1894. Her hull was painted black and her first skipper was William Edward Morrissey, after months of waiting for the weather to cooperate, the ship was finally able to reach Boothbay Harbor in April,2015 and was hauled-out later that month. Effie M. Morrissey fished out of Gloucester for eleven years, considered a high liner, on her first voyage she brought in over 200,000 pounds of fish, enough to pay for her construction. One of Effie M. Morrisseys more notable skippers was Clayton Morrissey who went on to skipper the racing schooner Henry Ford, a statue to Clayton Morrissey by sculptor Leonard Craske entitled the Gloucester Fishermans Memorial can be seen on Gloucesters Western Avenue. In 1905 under a new owner, Captain Ansel Snow, Effie M. Morrissey began fishing out of Digby, in 1912, the Montreal journalist and photographer Frederick William Wallace sailed on the vessel as a member of Snows crew. His epic poem about his time aboard Effie M, then in 1914, ownership moved to Brigus, Newfoundland where Harold Bartlett used her as a fishing and coasting vessel along the Newfoundland and Labrador shoreline. In 1925 Harold Bartlett sold her to his cousin, noted Arctic explorer Capt. Bob Bartlett, in 1926 with the financial support of the well known publisher George Palmer Putnam, Bartlett embarked on two decades of Arctic exploration using this vessel. 1929 Labrador Motion Picture Expedition along the Labrador Coast with Maurice Kellerman,1930 North East Greenland Expedition for the Museum of the American Indian. In addition to this they carried out oceanographic, hydrographic and meteorological work for the US Navy, Smithsonian Institution,1932 Peary Memorial Expedition as a monument to Robert E. Peary, co-chartered by Pearys daughter Mrs. Marie Peary Stafford and Arthur D. Norcross. Peary’s grandchildren, Edward and Peary Stafford, accompanied their mother,1934 Expedition to Greenland and Ellesmere Land making scientific collections for the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. 1935 Northwest Greenland Expedition for Field Museum and the Smithsonian Institution, on this expedition was Dr. Lamar Soutter, founding dean of the University of Massachusetts Medical School. 1936 Bartlett Northeast Greenland Expedition for the Smithsonian Institution, American Geographical Society, Chicago Zoological Society,1937 Bartlett Northwest Greenland Expedition for the Smithsonian Institution and the Chicago Zoological Society. 1938 Northwest Greenland Expedition for the Smithsonian Institution, Cleveland Museum of Natural History,1939 Northeast Greenland Expedition for the New York Zoological Society and the Smithsonian Institution. 1940 Greenland Expedition where Effie M. Morrissey set a record for furthest north at 80 degrees 22 minutes North Latitude, a mere 578 nautical miles from the North Pole. Pathe Newsreels had filimed this incredible effort, among those in attendance was Fred Littleton, Austen Colgate, John Pitcairn, Jim Pond, David Nutt, Reggie Wilcox,1941 Greenland Expedition into the Arctic regions sponsored by Louise Arner Boyd of San Francisco into the Baffin Bay region. It was the first opportunity by National Bureau of Standards for a study of the ionosphere at Arctic latitudes
6. Evelina M. Goulart – The Evelina M. Goulart is an 83-foot fishing schooner built by Arthur D. Story in the Story Shipyard in 1927 and she is one of seven surviving Essex-built fishing schooners and the only one to be virtually unchanged from its original configuration. At some point in her life she was converted into a fishing dragger, throughout her life she was primarily used for swordfishing. In 1985 Hurricane Gloria touched down in the New England area, tied up to the wharf and retired, her engine was removed. At some point the bilge pumps failed and the vessel sank, in 1990 Evelina M. Goulart was donated to the Essex Shipbuilding Museum. Housed in a shed, the ship was intended as an example of ship construction. However the hull is badly deteriorated and the vessel may end its days at the breakers, list of schooners Essex Shipbuilding Museum Related NYT article Saving The Evelina M. Goulart
7. Friendship of Salem – The Friendship of Salem is a 171-foot replica of a 1797 East Indiaman. It was built in 2000 in the Scarano Brothers Shipyard in Albany, the ship usually operates as a stationary museum ship during most of the year. But it is a fully functioning United States Coast Guard-certified vessel capable of passenger and crew voyages, the Friendship of Salem is docked at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, established in 1938 as the first such site in the United States. The site, which includes several structures, artifacts and records, is operated by the National Park Service, the replica of Friendship was commissioned by the National Park Service as The Friendship of Salem. It was built using materials and construction methods, while retaining the appearance of the original 18th-century ship. The hull is cold molded with laminated wood and epoxy, the replicas design is based on a model in the collections of the Peabody Essex Museum. The model was built by Thomas Russell, the Friendships second mate, and Mr. Odell, Russell and Odell made the model during a voyage to China and Sumatra from June 1802 to August 1804. The replicas color scheme was taken from an 1805 painting of the ship by marine artist, the ship is operated by a volunteer crew under supervision of the National Park Service. The Friendship of Salem sails as a ship for the Essex National Heritage Area. The original Friendship was built in Salem, Massachusetts by Enos Briggss shipyard at Stage Point on the South River for owners Aaron Waite, the Friendship was launched 28 May 1797. It weighed 342 tons and was registered at the house on August 18,1797. The Friendship was 102 feet long and 27 feet 7 inches wide and she regularly recorded speeds of 10 knots and was known to have logged a top speed of 12 knots. The Friendship made fifteen voyages during her career and visited Batavia, India, China, South America, the Caribbean, England, Germany, the Mediterranean and Russia. The Friendship cleared Salem for Canton in August 1797 on her first voyage under the command of Captain Israel Williams, Captain Williams had a keen interest in science and was a member of the East India Marine Society. When the ships supply of water out at 22°50′S 21°46′W. On her third voyage the Friendship was commissioned as letter of marque, although letters of marques were similar to privateers, their primary function was trade so they carried smaller crews. During its career as a letter of marque the Friendship carried thirty men and fourteen guns to fend off French privateers, Captain William Story of Marblehead served as master of the Friendship from 1801 to 1804. Before he assumed command of the Friendship Story had served as her first officer on her first five voyages, under his command the Friendship made voyages to Russia, Spain, Italy, China, Sumatra, and Batavia
8. German corvette Hiddensee – Hiddensee is a former East German Navy corvette now part of the Battleship Cove site in Fall River, Massachusetts. Originally a Soviet vessel, the corvette was transferred first to the East Germany Navy, then the German Navy, the Tarantul I-class missile corvette was launched in 1984 at the Petrovsky Shipyard in Leningrad, Russia. She was commissioned in 1985 by the East German Volksmarine as Rudolf Egelhofer, but following the reunification of Germany in 1990, was transferred to the German Navy, after decommissioning in April 1991, she was transferred to the U. S. Navy. As USNS Hiddensee the ship was evaluated at the Naval Air Warfare Center at Solomons, Maryland. Following Naval budget cuts the ship was decommissioned in April 1996, williamMaloney. com, Hiddensee Photos of the Hiddensee, Battleship Cove Naval Museum, Fall River, MA
9. USS Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. (DD-850) – USS Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. is a United States Navy Gearing-class destroyer. The ship was named after Lieutenant Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. a naval aviator, son of the former Ambassador to Britain, Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. served, with interruptions for modernization, until 1973. Among the highlights of her service are the blockade of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. is on display as a museum ship in Battleship Cove, Fall River, Massachusetts. She was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. was commissioned at Boston on 15 December 1945, Commander H. G. Moore in command. The new destroyer sailed on 4 February 1946 for shakedown training in the Caribbean, robert F. Kennedy, Josephs brother, sailed on this cruise as an apprentice seaman. She returned to her homeport, Newport, in April, and was occupied for the few months in Naval Reserve Training. Arriving Norfolk on 8 October, the ship joined Admiral William D. Leahys flagship, USS Wisconsin and she transited the Panama Canal twice on this voyage, and was reviewed by the President of Venezuela on 25 November 1946. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. returned to her port on 14 December 1946. During 1947 the destroyer operated on the East Coast and in the Caribbean and she sailed for fleet maneuvers off Puerto Rico on 9 February and upon completion steamed eastward to join the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. During this period of great unrest in Europe, the fleet carried out the important role of peacekeeper and stabilizer, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. visited various Mediterranean ports before arriving Newport on 26 June 1948. The remainder of the year was spent in antisubmarine exercises. The ship sailed on 23 August 1949 for 6th Fleet duty as flagship of Destroyer Squadron 18, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. sailed for Japan on 3 January 1951 by way of the Panama Canal, Pearl Harbor, and Midway Atoll. At Sasebo she loaded ammunition and, exactly one month after departure from Newport, from February to April she screened the attack carriers as they pounded enemy positions and supply lines. She departed on 8 April for the Formosa Patrol, helping to prevent further hostilities across the volatile Taiwan Straits. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. then returned to Korea arriving off Wonsan on 20 May to take up bombardment station in support of the Allied siege and occupation of harbor islands. This duty continued until 13 June, a period of almost constant bombardment of great importance to the operation, after which the ship steamed to Sasebo. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. did not return to the West Coast immediately upon the termination of this combat duty, with other units of Destroyer Squadron 8, she visited Singapore, Bahrain, Port Said, Naples, and Gibraltar before returning to Newport on 9 August 1951. Until January 1953 she conducted practice and served as school ship for the Fleet Training School at Newport
10. USS Lionfish (SS-298) – USS Lionfish, a Balao-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy named for the lionfish, a scorpaenid fish native to the Pacific and an invasive species found around the Caribbean. She was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986, and is now on display at Battleship Cove in Fall River, Lionfish was laid down on 15 December 1942, launched on 7 November 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Harold C. Train, and commissioned on 1 November 1944 and her first captain was Lieutenant Commander Edward D. Spruance, son of World War II admiral Raymond Spruance. After completing her shakedown cruise off New England, she began her first war patrol in Japanese waters on 1 April 1945, ten days later, she avoided two torpedoes fired by a Japanese submarine. On 1 May Lionfish destroyed a Japanese schooner with her deck guns, after a rendezvous with the submarine USS Ray, she transported B-29 survivors to Saipan and then made her way to Midway Island for replenishment. On 2 June she started her second war patrol, and on 10 July fired torpedoes at a surfaced Japanese submarine, after which Lionfishs crew heard explosions and she subsequently fired on two more Japanese submarines. Lionfish ended her second and last war patrol performing lifeguard duty off the coast of Japan, when World War II ended on 15 August she headed for San Francisco and was decommissioned at Mare Island Navy Yard on 16 January 1946. Lionfish was recommissioned on 31 January 1951, and headed for the East Coast for training cruises, after participating in NATO exercises and a Mediterranean cruise, she returned to the East Coast and was decommissioned at the Boston Navy Yard on 15 December 1953. In 1960, the submarine was placed in service, but not recommissioned, as a training submarine at Providence. In 1971, she was stricken from the Navy Register, in 1973, she began permanent display as a memorial at Battleship Cove in Fall River, Massachusetts, where she is one of the museums most popular exhibits. As Lionfish was never converted to a GUPPY configuration, she is one of the few preserved American World War II-era submarines in her as built configuration. Because of this state of preservation, she was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. The submarine is featured on the DVD case of the 2007 Ubisoft game Silent Hunter 4, Battleship Cove USS Lionfish Photos on board the Submarine USS Lionfish SS-298 in Fall River, MA - featuring the actual USS Lionfish as the on location filming set. USS Lionfish at Historic Naval Ships Association
11. Luna (tugboat) – Luna is a historic tugboat normally berthed in Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. Luna was designed in 1930 by John G. Alden and built by M. M. Davis and she is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a U. S. National Historic Landmark. In 1985, the Luna was designated as a Boston Landmark by the Boston Landmarks Commission, Luna is the last surviving full-sized wooden ship-docking tug on the US Gulf and Atlantic coasts and was the worlds first diesel-electric tugboat built for commercial service. These two distinctions have led to designation of Luna as a US National Historic Landmark, today Luna is preserved in Boston Harbor, where her rehabilitation process has been underway since the tug was rescued from being broken up in 1995. Luna is the responsibility of the Luna Preservation Society and its progress is recorded in their website, due to her wartime service with a civilian crew, Luna is also a member of the Naval Historic Vessel Association. Luna was designed by John G, as a result, Lunas aesthetics embody the classical sweeping profile of the American harbor tug. The project was a showpiece for Thomas Edisons General Electric Corporation, six years after Lunas delivery, GE reported that there were 33 diesel-electric tugs in service,21 of which were GE installations. Lunas wooden hull and deckhouses were built by the M. M. Davis Shipbuilding Company in Solomons, the empty hull was towed from the Chesapeake to East Boston for outfitting at the Bethlehem Steel Shipyard in East Boston. Upon completion, Luna was delivered to the Mystic Steamship Company of Boston as the first diesel-powered tug in their fleet, all the other tugs in the Mystic Steamship fleet - commercially known as the Boston Towboat Company - were powered by coal and oil-fired boilers and steam engines. The Mystic Steamship Company operated coal-carrying colliers and coal barges to transport coal from railroad piers in New York Harbor, Philadelphia, Baltimore and this coal was used as a fuel, and as the basis to make lamp gas from coal and coke. Later, Boston Towboat was operated by Eastern Enterprises, owners of Boston Gas and various maritime operations, which is active to this day as Eastern Enterprises. Luna and her sister, Venus, were the most powerful, reliable and they occasionally operated on assignments as far away as Maine and New York. During World War II, Luna was mobilized for service with the US Navy and she was used as a civilian-crewed and privately owned and managed tugboat at shipyards, repair yards, terminals, piers and anchorages from Bath, Maine to the Cape Cod Canal. She greeted returning warships and troop ships at the end of the war, Luna was the flagship of the Boston Towboat fleet until the end of the war, when modern surplus war-built tugs were sold off by the government. General Electric was so proud of Luna that its advertisements featured Luna into the early 1950s. During the 1930s, post war 1940s and early 1950s, Luna assisted the USS Constitution with her annual turnaround, as more powerful diesel tugs and diesel-electric tugs were delivered to Boston Towboat, Luna was gradually relegated to back-up status and was retired in 1971. The tug was used as an office and floating home. She was maintained on a budget by Captain Frances Rose Gage and many volunteers
12. USS Massachusetts (BB-59) – USS Massachusetts, known as Big Mamie to her crewmembers during World War II, was a battleship of the second South Dakota class. She was the ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the sixth state. Massachusetts has the distinction of having fired the US Navys first and last 16-in shells of the war. Transferred to the Pacific fleet in 1943, Massachusetts participated in the Solomon Islands campaign and the Philippines Campaign, in 1945 she was one of several ships assigned to shell targets on Honshū, the largest of the Japanese Home Islands. Following the end of World War II, Massachusetts was involved in operations off the US coast. Decommissioned in 1947, she was laid up in the fleet at Norfolk. Massachusetts was towed to what would later be renamed Battleship Cove, Fall River, Massachusetts, Massachusetts was one of four fast battleships of the South Dakota class to be authorized for construction by the United States Congress in 1938. Her keel was laid down on 20 July 1939 at the Fore River Shipyard of Quincy and she was launched on 23 September 1941 sponsored by Mrs. Charles Francis Adams, wife of a former Secretary of the Navy. She was commissioned on 12 May 1942 at Boston, Massachusetts, massachusettss main battery consisted of nine 16 in /45 caliber Mark 6 guns in three triple turrets that were capable of firing 2, 700-pound armor-piercing Mark 8 shells. Her secondary battery consisted of twenty 5/38 caliber guns, which could hit targets up to 9 miles away, for defense against air strikes, Massachusetts was fitted with an anti-aircraft battery of 0.50 cal machine guns and 1. 1/75 caliber guns. With a wholesale shift to air power at the dawn of World War II came the imperative to gain and maintain air superiority in order to protect the fleet of Allied aircraft carriers. By the end of the war Massachusetts sported an array of Oerlikon 20 mm, after a shakedown cruise, Massachusetts set sail from the United States on 24 October 1942. Four days later she joined a task force forming to support the invasion of North Africa, early in the morning on 8 November the Naval Battle of Casablanca began. Lying off the city, Massachusetts, the heavy cruisers Tuscaloosa and Wichita and four destroyers, came under fire from four 194 mm, the American ships responded by shelling Jean Bart, an incomplete French battleship forced to sail from Saint-Nazaire in May 1940 to escape advancing Axis forces. When engaged, Jean Bart had only one of her two quadruple turrets installed, the other having its guns lost to torpedo attack while in shipment from France. Massachusetts began firing at 07,04 at a range of 22,000 m, a total of nine full broadsides and thirty-eight volleys varying between three and six guns were fired, five rounds hit Jean Bart. One, at 08,06, disabled her turret, others struck docks and merchant ships. With the help of the heavy cruiser Tuscaloosa, Massachusetts next targeted French destroyers in the fray, sinking Fougueux, along with shore batteries, she shelled an ammunition dump
13. Mayflower II – Mayflower II is a replica of the 17th-century ship Mayflower, celebrated for transporting the Pilgrims to the New World. The replica was built in Devon, England during 1955–1956, in a collaboration between Englishman Warwick Charlton and Plimoth Plantation, an American museum, the work drew upon reconstructed ship blueprints held by the American museum, along with hand construction by English shipbuilders using traditional methods. Mayflower II was sailed from Plymouth, Devon on April 20,1957, recreating the original voyage across the Atlantic Ocean, according to the ships log, Mayflower II was towed up the East River into New York City on Monday, July 1,1957. Afterwards, Villiers and crew received a parade in New York City. The ship was built at the Upham Shipyard in Brixham and financed by donations in England. It represented the alliance between the United Kingdom and the United States for collaboration during the Second World War, the ship is considered a faithful generic replica within a few details, with solid oak timbers, tarred hemp rigging, and hand-coloured maps. It is 106 ft long by 25 ft wide,236 tons displacement, the ship is seaworthy and sailed to Providence, Rhode Island in 2002. In December 2012, Mayflower II was towed to dry dock at Fairhaven Shipyard in Fairhaven, the repairs took longer than originally planned because unexpected damage was discovered during the inspection. Repairs were eventually completed and Mayflower II returned to her berth in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in December 2015, the ship arrived at the Henry B. duPont Preservation Shipyard in Mystic, CT for restoration. The ship made its return to Plymouth Mass. in June 2016, in August 1954, Warwick Charlton conceived the idea to construct a reproduction of Mayflower to commemorate the wartime cooperation between the United Kingdom and the United States. He had served alongside many American allies in the North African theatre during World War II, Project Mayflower was created in 1955 to build a replica of Mayflower in England and sail the ship to the United States as a symbol of Anglo-American friendship. The projects sponsors wanted to ensure proper siting of the ship after it reached the United States and they were aware that earlier reproduction vessels had rotted away after interest in their initial voyages faded. Project Mayflower learned of the Plimoth Plantation museum, and John Lowe of Project Mayflower came to the United States in March 1955 and he met with representatives of Plimoth Plantation to gain assistance in future berthing and exhibition of Mayflower II. Plimoth Plantation had planned years earlier to add a replica of Mayflower to its exhibits, in 1951, the museum had already commissioned plans for a Mayflower II from naval architect William A. Baker of MIT. Bakers detailed plans had been finished by the time that Project Mayflower announced its goals, a waterline model of the vessels hull had also been built, but nothing more. The Project would then release it to Plimoth Plantation, the construction of Mayflower II was conducted at the Upham shipyard in Brixham, Devon, England. The ships keel was laid on July 27,1955, and ship architect William A. Baker was sent by Plimoth Plantation to advise the builders, carved into the stern of Mayflower II is a blossom of a hawthorne or English mayflower. In England, the skills of elderly traditional workmen were employed to build a vessel that reflected Bakers detailed research which could sail the Atlantic as securely as the original ship, Mayflower II was launched on September 22,1956, a rainy day
14. United States lightship Nantucket (LV-112) – United States lightship Nantucket, also known as Lightship No. 112, Nantucket, is a National Historic Landmark lightship that served at the Lightship Nantucket position and she was the last serving lightship and at time of its application as a landmark, one of only two capable of moving under their own power. She served as the lightship for such vessels as SS United States, RMS Queen Mary. Seven of the crew aboard the lightship were killed. LV-112, the permanent replacement, was built to be indestructible and she was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989. At that time, the ship was located at the Southern Maine Vocational Technical Institute Pier in South Portland, Maine, an organization was seeking a permanent home for her in Portland, Maine. She later was planned to be located permanently in Staten Island, New York, some controversy has arisen over damage to wharves and unsightliness at Oyster Bay, other locals have wanted her retained there. She was purchased in October 2009 by the United States Lightship Museum under the leadership of Robert Mannino, Jr. for $1 and she will be restored in two phases over the next several years, a job that will cost $1 million. She is currently undergoing renovations as a museum, but is open to the public at Boston Harbor Shipyard and Marina at 256 Marginal Street in East Boston. List of National Historic Landmarks in Boston National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Boston, Massachusetts Vessel Designation, U. S. Coast Guard Lightships & Those of the U. S. Lighthouse Service. United States Coast Guard, Aids to Navigation, U. S. Coast Guard Aids to Navigation, A Historical Bibliography. United States Coast Guard Historians Office, putnam, George R. Lighthouses and Lightships of the United States. Official website USCG Lightship Sailors Assn, Nantucket Lightship, at Long Island Lighthouses LV112 at NightBeacon. com
15. Motor Torpedo Boat PT 617 – She is a museum ship at the PT Boat Museum in Fall River, Massachusetts. The 80-foot Elco type boat was the predominant type and is the type as the famous PT-109 commanded by John F. Kennedy. PT-617 was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989, PT-617 is a PT-103-class ELCO motor torpedo boat. A layer of fabric, impregnated with glue, was laid between the two layers of planking. The boat had a displacement of 55 long tons and was 80 ft in length, with a beam of 20 ft, and a draft of 5 ft 6 in. Her three liquid-cooled, supercharged, 12-cylinder 1,350 shp Packard 4M-2500 engines each drove a single shaft, with a full load of 3,000 gallons of high octane aviation fuel she had a maximum cruising radius of 500 nautical miles. There were also two depth charges mounted on racks on the stern, along with a smoke generator, two Mark 50 rocket launchers and a 60 mm mortar were also installed. PT-617 was built by the Electric Launch Company of Bayonne, New Jersey, laid down on 29 March 1945, and launched on 28 July, she was not completed until 21 September, after the end of the war. The boat was assigned to MTB Squadron 42 and slated for service with the Pacific Fleet, the boat was placed out of service on 28 January 1946, and finally sold on 23 October 1947. In private hands the boat served as a yacht, and as a salvage and she was bought by PT Boats, Inc. in 1979, and after restoration to her World War II configuration officially went on display on 1 September 1985. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts PT796 Motor Torpedo Boat PT-658 PT-617 web gallery
16. Motor Torpedo Boat PT 796 – PT-796 is a 78-foot PT boat built by Higgins Industries of New Orleans in 1945. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986 as one of a few surviving PT boats. She is part of the collection of the PT Boat Museum, PT-796 was laid down on 3 May 1945, launched on 23 June, and completed after the end of the war on 26 October. The last of her type to be constructed, she was nicknamed Tail Ender, the hull was constructed of two layers of planking. Also, instead of two layers of mahogany, the layer is spruce. The two layers are held together by rivets and bronze screws, with a sheet of canvas impregnated with marine glue between them. The boats full-load displacement is 48 long tons and she is 78 feet in length, with a beam of 20 ft 8 in, and a draft of 4 ft. Her three 12-cylinder 1,200 shp Packard V-12 engines each drove a shaft, giving the boat a top speed of 41 knots. She was also fitted with two Mark 50 5-inch rocket launchers, and a generator at the stern. Placed in service too late to take part in World War II, PT-796 saw temporary post-war duty as part of MTB Squadron 1, patrolling in the Caribbean and she was reclassified as a Small Boat on 16 November 1945. In 1961 she participated in John F. Kennedys inauguration repainted as PT-109, the boat was placed out of service on 7 July 1970, and signed over to PT Boats, Inc. Restored to her original configuration, and has displayed at Battleship Cove since 14 August 1975. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts Butowsky, National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form / PT Boat 796. The National PT Boat Museum at Battleship Cove, PT-796 National Park Service, PT BOAT796
17. USS Salem (CA-139) – The third USS Salem is one of three Des Moines-class heavy cruisers completed for the United States Navy shortly after World War II. Commissioned in 1949, she was the worlds last heavy cruiser to enter service and she was decommissioned in 1959, after serving in the Atlantic and Mediterranean. She is open to the public as a ship in Quincy. Her main battery held the worlds first automatic 8 guns and were the first 8 naval guns to use cased ammunition instead of shell and she then made two cruises to Guantanamo in November and December 1949, and participated in maneuvers with the Atlantic Fleet in early 1950. Salem departed the east coast on 3 May 1950, and, on 17 May, on 22 September, she was relieved by Newport News and returned to the United States. After three weeks at Boston, Salem joined the Atlantic Fleet for maneuvers, and, on 3 January 1951 and she completed her training off Bermuda, and, on 20 March, sailed for the Mediterranean to relieve Newport News as 6th Fleet flagship. On 19 September, she was relieved by Des Moines and returned to the United States for four months of overhaul at Boston, Salem sailed on 1 February 1952 for refresher training at Guantanamo and returned to Boston on 29 March for brief repairs. On 19 April, she sailed for her third Mediterranean deployment, besides the normal port calls and exercises, Salem participated in Exercise Beehive II, which involved units of the United States, British, Italian, French, and Greek navies. She was relieved again by Des Moines on 29 September. After four months of operations, Salem sailed for Guantanamo Bay on 24 January 1953 for training. Returning to Boston on 27 February, she sailed for the Mediterranean on 17 April and her fourth deployment was marked by Exercise Weldfest and by emergency relief work after the 1953 Ionian earthquake which devastated the Ionian Islands. Salem was the first American ship to arrive on the scene, relieved by Des Moines as flagship on 9 October, she returned to Boston on 24 October and entered the shipyard for overhaul. On 6 February 1954, Salem sailed again for Guantanamo Bay and she left Boston on 30 April, and, on arrival in the Mediterranean on 12 May, again assumed duties as 6th Fleet flagship. Relieved by Des Moines at Lisbon on 22 September, she returned to Boston on 29 September, in October and November 1954, she participated in war games with the Atlantic Fleet. Between 19 January and 22 February 1955, Salem made her annual cruise to Guantanamo Bay for training, after a two-week reserve training cruise, the cruiser sailed for the Mediterranean on 2 May and relieved Newport News on 19 May. During this, her deployment, she participated in a NATO exercise. Salem departed Barcelona on 23 September and returned to Boston on 2 October 1955 for a four-month overhaul, the cruiser left Boston on 16 February 1956 for training at Guantanamo in preparation for a 20-month cruise as permanent flagship of the Commander, 6th Fleet with homeport at Villefranche-sur-Mer. She returned to Boston on 5 April and sailed for the Mediterranean on 1 May, while she was at sea, the Suez Crisis broke out, and she was diverted to Rhodes in the Eastern Mediterranean where she joined the fleet on 14 May and assumed her flagship duties
18. United States lightship Nantucket II (WLV-613) – The United States Lightship WLV-613 was a lightvessel commissioned in 1952 that became the last lightship to mark the Ambrose Channel. She was replaced by a Texas Tower lightstation on 24 August 1967, the Ambrose was reassigned as a relief ship on the Massachusetts coastline from 1967–79. After being renamed Nantucket II, in 1979, she was reassigned to Nantucket Shoals and she alternated with her sister ship, the Lightship Nantucket WLV-612 relieving each other approximately every 21 days. The Ambrose was also the last lightship to mark the Nantucket channel on 20 December 1983 and she was decommissioned and retired in 1983. Ambrose was berthed at the Wareham Shipyard along Main Street in Wareham, Massachusetts from about 1990 until she was moved to New Bedford, the Ambrose is now privately owned by William B. It is planned to renovate her in 2015 and use her to host private events, currently, she is closed to the public. Lightship Nantucket II WLV613, MA