Category:Museums in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Pages in category "Museums in Monmouth County, New Jersey"
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Allaire Village – Allaire Village is a living history museum located within New Jerseys Allaire State Park in Wall Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey. The village was established as a bog iron furnace known as the Howell Works. Allaire Village and its buildings are now operated by a non-profit organization - Allaire Village. Historic interpreters work using period tools and equipment in the blacksmith, tinsmith, and carpentry shops, while the old bakery sells cookies, the church building is frequently used for weddings. Allaire Villages is the history of a geological formation and the man who was drawn to it because of his business needs. In the course of his ownership, James Peter Allaire created a community centered on the bog iron industry, known as Howell Works. Through Allaire’s constant search for financing and capital the difficult times can be felt, particularly the Panic of 1837. Through them, visitors are able to experience and better understand the forces that shaped New Jersey’s industrial power in the early 19th century. During the War of 1812, an embargo on British products, what initially interested Allaire in the property now known as Historic Allaire Village was the presence of significant quantities of bog iron ore. Unlike the latter ore, bog ore is easily accessible and requires no deep shaft or strip mining to extract it, bog ore is a renewable resource when mined and utilized with care. It is produced when rain water leaches out humic and tannic acids and reacts with carbon dioxide, part of this leachate consists of iron particles from deeper in the soil. As the water passes through areas of loamy soil, also called marl. This iron carbonate then combines with the soil and, over time. This process only takes about 25 to 35 years, making it an ideal, almost perpetual resource for industry, if the ore bed is left undeveloped and unpolluted, the beds can be mined indefinitely farther south in New Jersey. The operators of furnaces were forced to purchase ore from Staten Island, New York, official Website Historic American Buildings Survey No. NJ-28, The Deserted Village, Allaire,3 measured drawings,7 data pages HABS No, nJ-28-E, The Deserted Village, Bakery,1 photo,4 measured drawings HABS No. NJ-28-J, The Deserted Village, Blacksmith Shop,2 measured drawings HABS No, nJ-28-A, The Deserted Village, Blast Furnace,3 photos,1 measured drawing HABS No. NJ-28-H, The Deserted Village, Carpenter Shop,3 measured drawings HABS No, nJ-28-B, The Deserted Village, Church,1 photo,3 measured drawings HABS No
2. Church of the Presidents (New Jersey) – The Church of the Presidents is a former Episcopal chapel on the Jersey Shore where seven United States presidents worshiped. It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford Hayes, William McKinley, all except Grant were in office when they paid their visits to the church. In 1953 the Episcopal Diocese deconsecrated the church and slated it for demolition, local preservationists stepped in and in 1955 the old chapel was rededicated as the Long Branch Historical Museum. Today the building is undergoing structural repairs and renovations. It is closed to the public, the Church of the Presidents was consecrated in 1879 as St. James Protestant Episcopal Chapel, a branch of St. James Episcopal Church, located elsewhere in Long Branch, New Jersey. The church picked up its nickname following the visits of so many chief executives, the chapel was designed in the Carpenter Gothic style by the New York architectural firm of William Appleton Potter, and Robert Henderson Robertson. The firm was famous in the era for designing South Congregational Church, Springfield, Massachusetts, the men also designed summer homes on the Jersey Shore. In the 19th Century, Long Branch was considered the Monte Carlo of America, a white flag was raised when women went in the ocean, a red pennant was hoisted to begin the males-only sessions. In August 1861, Mary Todd Lincoln took a vacation in Long Branch, from the Gilded Age up until the era before World War I, Long Branch was one of the nation’s premier summer vacation spots, drawing the wealthy to its stately large homes. The Church of the Presidents was where the summer residents worshipped. Famous families such as the Goulds, Vanderbilts, Sloans, and, a newspaper reporter in 1886 estimated that the net worth of a small group of Sunday morning congregants was more than $250 million. During summertime in the Gay Nineties, an $8,000 Sunday collection was not unusual, however, by 1925 the chapel was in dire financial straits, and only by generous contributions of local townspeople was it saved. A New York real estate magnate, Henry Levy, paid off its taxes, despite not being a member of the church. He remarked, Although we are not of the same faith and this was only a temporary reprieve for the church. In 1949 services at the chapel ceased due to a dwindling congregation, the once-crowded house of worship dwindled to less than 40 members. The Rev. Christopher H. Snyder, the chapel’s vicar and it was acquired by the non-profit Long Branch Historical Museum Association in 1953. For the next 46 years it was operated as a local museum, however, after 120 years of harsh weather conditions so close to the ocean, the building itself deteriorated. The museum fell into disrepair and was closed in 1999, in 2003, private donations helped stabilize the building
3. Fort Hancock, New Jersey – Fort Hancock is a former United States Army fort at Sandy Hook in Middletown Township New Jersey. The coastal artillery base defended the Atlantic coast and the entrance to New York Harbor, between 1874 and 1919, the adjacent US Army Sandy Hook Proving Ground was operated in conjunction with Fort Hancock. It is now part of Fort Hancock Memorial Park and it was preceded by the Fort at Sandy Hook, built 1857–1867 and demolished beginning in 1885. The Sandy Hook Light, built in 1764 and the oldest working lighthouse in the United States, is located on the grounds of Fort Hancock, the Sandy Hook area was first fortified as part of the third system of US fortifications. Construction on the Fort at Sandy Hook began in 1857 and ceased in 1867 and this fort was never officially named, but since the area was named Fort Hancock in 1895 it is often called by that name. It was sometimes locally called Fort Lincoln or Fort Hudson, originally two tower forts were proposed, but a much larger single fort was decided on instead. The fort was designed by then-Captain Robert E. Lee of the Army Corps of Engineers, the fort was designed as a five-bastion irregular pentagon, with two tiers of cannon totaling 173 guns on three seacoast fronts, with another 39 guns covering the landward approaches. As was common in Third System forts in the Northeast, it was primarily of granite. Following the Civil War, it was determined that masonry forts were vulnerable to rifled guns, the fort remained incomplete until 1885, when almost all of it was cannibalized to build the Sandy Hook Proving Ground, the new Fort Hancock, and supporting structures such as a seawall. A small portion of one remains in place with four cannon ports. In 1874 the Sandy Hook Proving Ground was established as a testing area. This was operated by the Ordnance Department and was separate from Fort Hancock. In 1890 construction began on the batteries at Fort Hancock. These resulted from the large-scale Endicott Program, which in 1885 proposed a new, Fort Hancock was one of the first forts built and prototyped several weapon installations. Battery Potter Battery Potter was the battery for the steam-hydraulic gun lift carriage. The Endicott Program centered on disappearing guns, which would remain concealed behind a concrete-and-earth parapet until raised to fire, most of the weapons in the program were mounted on Buffington-Crozier disappearing carriages. However, early on there was doubt that this carriage could successfully raise, the alternative developed for this was the gun lift carriage, essentially a barbette carriage mounted on a hydraulic elevator. A steam plant powered the hydraulic system, one advantage of the gun lift carriage not found in most US disappearing gun installations was 360° all-around fire
4. Holmdel Park – Holmdel Park is located in Holmdel Township, New Jersey and is part of the Monmouth County Park System. The initial park land was established in 1962, with an additional 227 acres section added in 2001, Holmdel Park is also the home of the Holmdel Arboretum, aka David C. Shaw Arboretum and the Longstreet Farm, a living history farm set in the 1890s. The park is a destination for local elementary school trips. The parks recreational offerings include fishing, individual and group picnic areas, tennis courts, ice skating and sledding are permitted when conditions are deemed safe. The Pond View area provides access to the arboretum, Longstreet Farm, Upper and Lower ponds and the shelter building, the shelter building also houses a seasonal concession. The Forest Ridge area provides access to picnic areas, trails and activity fields. The Hill Top area as the name implies is located at the top of a steep hill. The Activity Center provides indoor facilities for scheduled county sponsored activities, the Longstreet Farm is a living history farm that recreates agricultural life of the 1890s. Interpreters dress in costume and perform typical year round farming and domestic actives including seasonal planting and harvesting of crops. The farm is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the farm was purchased by the Monmouth County Park System in 1967 to preserve the countys rural past. The farm opened to the public in 1972 as Historic Longstreet Farm, Longstreet Farm is a fairly complete example of a typical nineteenth-century farm created by Dutch settlers in New Jersey. The farmstead consists of a 14-room Federal-style farmhouse, a Dutch barn, Historic Longstreet Farm is open daily year round, free of charge. The David C. Shaw Arboretum is a 20-acre horticultural display created by the Monmouth County Shade Tree Commission, the arboretum was created in 1963 and is named for a former superintendent. The arboretum initially started with 87 trees but now boasts nearly 3000 specimens, the park hosts a dozen trails of varying lengths and difficulties. Pond Walk 0.4 mile circles the Lower Pond
5. Camp Evans Historic District – Camp Evans Historic District is an area of the Camp Evans Formerly Used Defense Site in Wall Township, New Jersey. The site of the installation is noted for a 1914 transatlantic radio receiver. From 1925 to 1935 the site was the headquarters for the New Jersey Ku Klux Klan, the Belmar Receiving Station was established near the Belmar community together with a separate transatlantic transmitting facility at New Brunswick, New Jersey, by the American Marconi Company. The Belmar station included a mile-long bronze-wire receiving antenna strung on six 400 foot tall masts with three 150 foot balancing towers along the Shark River, outgoing Morse-code messages were sent via a telegraph land-line from the Belmar Station to the transmitter. The receiving site also had a telegraph land-line to a New York office, original buildings were built by the J. G. White Engineering Corp. between 1912 and 1914 as part of Guglielmo Marconis wireless girdle around the Earth, in one of the buildings being constructed for the Belmar station, the regenerative circuit was demonstrated on January 31/February 1,1914. The Ku Klux Klan owned the site from 1925 to 1935, in 1941 the Belmar radio site was renamed the Evans Signal Laboratory after Wall Township purchased the original Marconi buildings and the surrounding 93 acres for the Army to move the SCRL. Two models of the SCR-271 radar were located near the intersection of Monmouth Boulevard, the lab also improved components and established a special unit which tested captured German and Japanese radars. The laboratory was also responsible for Army radar development by civilian companies, by August 1943, Lt Col Paul E. Watson was the director of the Camp Evans Signal Laboratory. Initial experimentation with a mortar and artillery locating radar was conducted at Camp Evans in 1944. By the end of the war Camp Evans had approximately 134 buildings, Camp Evans black engineers contributed to electronic research, development, product distribution and training, e. g. Dr. By August 1951, the Evans Signal Laboratory had a Meteorological Branch in Bldg, after a visit on October 20,1953. McCarthyism claimed that Camp Evans was a house of spies, in 1957, replacement equipment, on the frame of a captured German Wertzburg Reise radar, erected at the Project Diana site helped track the Soviet Unions Sputnik. The Project Diana site with building 9162 was used for the NASA TIROS-1 satellites downlink antenna on April 1,1960, radiation Incorporateds AN/TLM-18 Space Sentry at Camp Evans was used for minitrack. The Army Photo-optics Laboratory opened at Camp Evans in 1963, most Deal Test Site facilities and personnel moved to Camp Evans due to the Deal site lease terminating on June 30,1973. A section of the camp is home to the Brookdale Campus at Wall. The InfoAge was established in some of the district buildings. InfoAge is a member of the Association of Science-Technology Centers and part of the NASA Digital Learning Network and its focus is science and the scientific and military history of Camp Evans
6. Intelligent Whale – Intelligent Whale, an experimental hand-cranked submarine, was built on the design of Scovel Sturgis Merriam in 1863 by Augustus Price and Cornelius Scranton Bushnell. In 1864 the American Submarine Company was formed, taking over the interests of Bushnell and Price, in September 1872 the first trial was held and was unsuccessful, whereupon the Department refused further payments and abandoned the project. Intelligent Whale submerged by filling water compartments, and expelled the water by pumps and it was estimated that it could stay submerged for about ten hours. Thirteen crewmen could be accommodated, but only six were needed to make her operational, the only known trial, reported by submarine pioneer John Philip Holland, was made by a certain General Sweeney and two others. They submerged the boat in 16 feet of water and Sweeney, clad in a suit, emerged through a hole in the bottom, placed a charge under a scow. The charge was exploded by a lanyard and a friction primer attached to the charge, as of June 2007, this submarine is on exhibit at the National Guard Militia Museum of New Jersey in Sea Girt, New Jersey. HNSA Web Page, USS Intelligent Whale This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, no xx Intelligent Whale Submarine Today Photos of the Intelligent Whale at the Militia Museum of New Jersey in Sea Girt, NJ
7. Monmouth Battlefield State Park – Monmouth Battlefield State Park is a 1, 818-acre New Jersey state park located on the border of Manalapan and Freehold Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. This park preserves the battlefield on which the American Revolutionary Wars Battle of Monmouth was waged. The parks visitor center rests atop Combs Hill, a hill once commanded by the Continental Army artillery, within the parks visitors center one may observe an array of excavated artifacts from the notable eighteenth century battle. On December 5,2011, the Monmouth Battlefield Visitor Center was closed for renovations through Spring 2013, the renovated Visitors Center was officially reopened on June 13,2013. During the final weekend in June, a reenactment of the 1778 American Revolutionary War battle is performed. It became one of the largest battles of the American Revolution and it took place in the fields and forests that now make up Monmouth Battlefield State Park, though the battle soon ended in a standoff. The Battle of Monmouth is notable for creating the American legend of Molly Pitcher, in honor of Pitcher, an aging white cenotaph was erected near the property of the battlefield. Official Site Visitation details Streaming video of the Battle of Monmouth reenactment Photo gallery Friends of Monmouth Battlefield