Category:Museums in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Pages in category "Museums in Monmouth County, New Jersey"
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Church of the Presidents (New Jersey) – The Church of the Presidents is a former Episcopal chapel on the Jersey Shore where seven United States presidents worshiped. It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford Hayes, William McKinley, all except Grant were in office when they paid their visits to the church. In 1953 the Episcopal Diocese deconsecrated the church and slated it for demolition, local preservationists stepped in and in 1955 the old chapel was rededicated as the Long Branch Historical Museum. Today the building is undergoing structural repairs and renovations. It is closed to the public, the Church of the Presidents was consecrated in 1879 as St. James Protestant Episcopal Chapel, a branch of St. James Episcopal Church, located elsewhere in Long Branch, New Jersey. The church picked up its nickname following the visits of so many chief executives, the chapel was designed in the Carpenter Gothic style by the New York architectural firm of William Appleton Potter, and Robert Henderson Robertson. The firm was famous in the era for designing South Congregational Church, Springfield, Massachusetts, the men also designed summer homes on the Jersey Shore. In the 19th Century, Long Branch was considered the Monte Carlo of America, a white flag was raised when women went in the ocean, a red pennant was hoisted to begin the males-only sessions. In August 1861, Mary Todd Lincoln took a vacation in Long Branch, from the Gilded Age up until the era before World War I, Long Branch was one of the nation’s premier summer vacation spots, drawing the wealthy to its stately large homes. The Church of the Presidents was where the summer residents worshipped. Famous families such as the Goulds, Vanderbilts, Sloans, and, a newspaper reporter in 1886 estimated that the net worth of a small group of Sunday morning congregants was more than $250 million. During summertime in the Gay Nineties, an $8,000 Sunday collection was not unusual, however, by 1925 the chapel was in dire financial straits, and only by generous contributions of local townspeople was it saved. A New York real estate magnate, Henry Levy, paid off its taxes, despite not being a member of the church. He remarked, Although we are not of the same faith and this was only a temporary reprieve for the church. In 1949 services at the chapel ceased due to a dwindling congregation, the once-crowded house of worship dwindled to less than 40 members. The Rev. Christopher H. Snyder, the chapel’s vicar and it was acquired by the non-profit Long Branch Historical Museum Association in 1953. For the next 46 years it was operated as a local museum, however, after 120 years of harsh weather conditions so close to the ocean, the building itself deteriorated. The museum fell into disrepair and was closed in 1999, in 2003, private donations helped stabilize the building
2. Fort Hancock, New Jersey – Fort Hancock is a former United States Army fort at Sandy Hook in Middletown Township New Jersey. The coastal artillery base defended the Atlantic coast and the entrance to New York Harbor, between 1874 and 1919, the adjacent US Army Sandy Hook Proving Ground was operated in conjunction with Fort Hancock. It is now part of Fort Hancock Memorial Park and it was preceded by the Fort at Sandy Hook, built 1857–1867 and demolished beginning in 1885. The Sandy Hook Light, built in 1764 and the oldest working lighthouse in the United States, is located on the grounds of Fort Hancock, the Sandy Hook area was first fortified as part of the third system of US fortifications. Construction on the Fort at Sandy Hook began in 1857 and ceased in 1867 and this fort was never officially named, but since the area was named Fort Hancock in 1895 it is often called by that name. It was sometimes locally called Fort Lincoln or Fort Hudson, originally two tower forts were proposed, but a much larger single fort was decided on instead. The fort was designed by then-Captain Robert E. Lee of the Army Corps of Engineers, the fort was designed as a five-bastion irregular pentagon, with two tiers of cannon totaling 173 guns on three seacoast fronts, with another 39 guns covering the landward approaches. As was common in Third System forts in the Northeast, it was primarily of granite. Following the Civil War, it was determined that masonry forts were vulnerable to rifled guns, the fort remained incomplete until 1885, when almost all of it was cannibalized to build the Sandy Hook Proving Ground, the new Fort Hancock, and supporting structures such as a seawall. A small portion of one remains in place with four cannon ports. In 1874 the Sandy Hook Proving Ground was established as a testing area. This was operated by the Ordnance Department and was separate from Fort Hancock. In 1890 construction began on the batteries at Fort Hancock. These resulted from the large-scale Endicott Program, which in 1885 proposed a new, Fort Hancock was one of the first forts built and prototyped several weapon installations. Battery Potter Battery Potter was the battery for the steam-hydraulic gun lift carriage. The Endicott Program centered on disappearing guns, which would remain concealed behind a concrete-and-earth parapet until raised to fire, most of the weapons in the program were mounted on Buffington-Crozier disappearing carriages. However, early on there was doubt that this carriage could successfully raise, the alternative developed for this was the gun lift carriage, essentially a barbette carriage mounted on a hydraulic elevator. A steam plant powered the hydraulic system, one advantage of the gun lift carriage not found in most US disappearing gun installations was 360° all-around fire
3. Monmouth Battlefield State Park – Monmouth Battlefield State Park is a 1, 818-acre New Jersey state park located on the border of Manalapan and Freehold Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. This park preserves the battlefield on which the American Revolutionary Wars Battle of Monmouth was waged. The parks visitor center rests atop Combs Hill, a hill once commanded by the Continental Army artillery, within the parks visitors center one may observe an array of excavated artifacts from the notable eighteenth century battle. On December 5,2011, the Monmouth Battlefield Visitor Center was closed for renovations through Spring 2013, the renovated Visitors Center was officially reopened on June 13,2013. During the final weekend in June, a reenactment of the 1778 American Revolutionary War battle is performed. It became one of the largest battles of the American Revolution and it took place in the fields and forests that now make up Monmouth Battlefield State Park, though the battle soon ended in a standoff. The Battle of Monmouth is notable for creating the American legend of Molly Pitcher, in honor of Pitcher, an aging white cenotaph was erected near the property of the battlefield. Official Site Visitation details Streaming video of the Battle of Monmouth reenactment Photo gallery Friends of Monmouth Battlefield
4. Navesink Twin Lights – The Twin Lights, as the name implies, are a pair of beacons located 246 feet above sea level on the headlands of the Navesink Highlands. In 1962, the State of New Jersey acquired Twin Lights, at the current museum facility, tours of the lighthouse, a climb of the North Tower and its expansive ocean view, and a view of the lighthouse equipment, await visitors. Twin Lights is listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places, the Twin Lights State Historic Site is part of the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. A lighthouse existed on the site since 1828, when it became an important guide, the current lighthouse was constructed in 1862. This was the first American lighthouse to test a Fresnel lens and was also the site of a demonstration by Marconi of the telegraph in 1899. A bi-valve fresnel lens is on display in the museum, the north tower light was discontinued in 1898, at the same time the south tower was electrified, one of the first lighthouses in the United States to do so. It was automated in 1949, but was discontinued in 1952 as the importance of the light diminished, in 1962, the site was turned over to the state of New Jersey, by the Borough of Highlands
5. Camp Evans Historic District – Camp Evans Historic District is an area of the Camp Evans Formerly Used Defense Site in Wall Township, New Jersey. The site of the installation is noted for a 1914 transatlantic radio receiver. From 1925 to 1935 the site was the headquarters for the New Jersey Ku Klux Klan, the Belmar Receiving Station was established near the Belmar community together with a separate transatlantic transmitting facility at New Brunswick, New Jersey, by the American Marconi Company. The Belmar station included a mile-long bronze-wire receiving antenna strung on six 400 foot tall masts with three 150 foot balancing towers along the Shark River, outgoing Morse-code messages were sent via a telegraph land-line from the Belmar Station to the transmitter. The receiving site also had a telegraph land-line to a New York office, original buildings were built by the J. G. White Engineering Corp. between 1912 and 1914 as part of Guglielmo Marconis wireless girdle around the Earth, in one of the buildings being constructed for the Belmar station, the regenerative circuit was demonstrated on January 31/February 1,1914. The Ku Klux Klan owned the site from 1925 to 1935, in 1941 the Belmar radio site was renamed the Evans Signal Laboratory after Wall Township purchased the original Marconi buildings and the surrounding 93 acres for the Army to move the SCRL. Two models of the SCR-271 radar were located near the intersection of Monmouth Boulevard, the lab also improved components and established a special unit which tested captured German and Japanese radars. The laboratory was also responsible for Army radar development by civilian companies, by August 1943, Lt Col Paul E. Watson was the director of the Camp Evans Signal Laboratory. Initial experimentation with a mortar and artillery locating radar was conducted at Camp Evans in 1944. By the end of the war Camp Evans had approximately 134 buildings, Camp Evans black engineers contributed to electronic research, development, product distribution and training, e. g. Dr. By August 1951, the Evans Signal Laboratory had a Meteorological Branch in Bldg, after a visit on October 20,1953. McCarthyism claimed that Camp Evans was a house of spies, in 1957, replacement equipment, on the frame of a captured German Wertzburg Reise radar, erected at the Project Diana site helped track the Soviet Unions Sputnik. The Project Diana site with building 9162 was used for the NASA TIROS-1 satellites downlink antenna on April 1,1960, radiation Incorporateds AN/TLM-18 Space Sentry at Camp Evans was used for minitrack. The Army Photo-optics Laboratory opened at Camp Evans in 1963, most Deal Test Site facilities and personnel moved to Camp Evans due to the Deal site lease terminating on June 30,1973. A section of the camp is home to the Brookdale Campus at Wall. The InfoAge was established in some of the district buildings. InfoAge is a member of the Association of Science-Technology Centers and part of the NASA Digital Learning Network and its focus is science and the scientific and military history of Camp Evans
6. Poricy Park – Poricy Park is a 250 acres nature preserve and park in Middletown Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey. It is known for its Cretaceous period fossil shell beds along the Poricy Brook streambed, the park also contains a Nature Center and the Murray Farmhouse and Barn, a New Jersey Historic Site. Poricy Park began in 1969 as local residents protested a proposed sewer project which would have impacted Poricy Brook and they formed a non-profit organization which in partnership with Middletown Township, the Nature Conservancy and New Jersey Green Acres began buying land between 1970 and 1973. The town designated the land as a preserve and leased the land to the Conservancy to manage. In 2004, the organization was renamed the Poricy Park Conservancy. The Poricy Brook cuts through a number of layers which are rising due to glacial rebound. The highest layer is the rust colored sand of the Red Bank Formation, several layers below that is the glauconitic marl of the Navesink Formation. Both of these formations are from the Late Cretaceous period of the Mesozoic Era. The shell beds are 72 million years old and were probably an offshore marine shelf based on the fossil record and they range from 45 feet to 65 feet thick in the area. The Nature Center has a display of fossils found in the area and they also rent screens and trowels for use while looking for fossils. The fossils in the exposed Navesink Formation are in the bed and are easily accessible from the parking lot along Middletown road. There is a sign with pictures of the fossils likely to be found. The Conservancy asks that visitors collect from the stream bed only and they also ask that visitors collect conservatively and that anything unusual be given to the Nature Center. Common fossils include Pyncnodonte mutabilis, Pyncnodonte convexa, Exogyra cancellata, Exogyra costata, Ostrea mesenterica, Agerostrea, Belemnitella americana and these are mostly extinct version of oysters and clams. Wildlife in Poricy park include rabbit, skunk, snake, bat, opossum, groundhog, white-tailed deer, American eel, multiple species of bird including owls, hawks, Murray pond supports frogs and turtles. Recently someone introduced Koi to that same small pond