Category:Museums in Northern District (Israel)
Pages in category "Museums in Northern District (Israel)"
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Beth Alpha – Beth Alpha or Bet Alpha or Bet Alfa is a sixth-century synagogue located at the foot of the northern slopes of the Gilboa mountains near Beit Shean, Israel. It is now part of Bet Alfa Synagogue National Park and managed by the Israel Nature, the Beth Alpha synagogue was uncovered in 1928 by members of the nearby Kibbutz Hefzibah, who stumbled upon the synagogue’s extensive mosaic floors during irrigation construction. Excavations began in 1929 under the auspices of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and were led by Israeli archaeologist, a secondary round of excavations, sponsored by the Israel Antiquities Authority in 1962, further explored the residential structures surrounding the synagogue. In addition, a hoard of 36 Byzantine coins were found in a depression in the floor apse. Architectural remains from the Beth Alpha synagogue indicate that the synagogue once stood as two-story basilical building and contained a courtyard, vestibule, the Torah Ark within the apse was aligned southwest, in the direction of Jerusalem. The northern entryway features two dedicatory inscriptions in Aramaic and Greek, although partially destroyed, the Aramaic inscription indicates that the synagogue was built during the reign of Roman Emperor Justinus, probably Justin I, and was funded by communal donations. The Greek inscription thanks artisans “Marianos and his son Hanina, ” whom were listed as the artisans of the nearby Beth Shean synagogue. The inscriptions are flanked on either side by a lion and a buffalo, the northern panel depicts the “Binding of Isaac”. To the right, Abraham is depicted dangling Isaac over the altar as he raises his hand to perform the sacrifice. In the center, God, symbolized by the small fire- encircled hand appearing in the upper center, instructs Abraham to sacrifice a nearby ram instead of Isaac. The hand of God is aptly labeled with “al tishlah” or “do not raise, in the lower center of the composition, immediately below the hand of God, the ram that served as Isaac’s substitute is positioned standing sideways, trapped in the nearby thicket. All the figures in the scene, except for the two servants, are identified with Hebrew labels, the iconographic significance of the “Binding of Isaac” is unclear. In contemporaneous Christian church art, where the “Binding of Isaac” was also a popular theme, the central panel features a Jewish adaptation of the Greco-Roman zodiac. The zodiac consists of two circles, with the twelve zodiac signs appearing in the outer circle, and Helios. The outer circle consists of panels, each of which correspond to one of the twelve months of the year. Female busts symbolizing the four seasons appear in the four corners immediately outside the zodiac, in the center, Helios appears with his signature Greco-Roman iconographic elements such as the fiery crown of rays adorning his head and the highly stylized quadriga or four-horse-drawn chariot. The background is decorated with a crescent shaped moon and stars, as in the “Binding of Isaac” panel, the zodiac symbols and seasonal busts are labeled with their corresponding Hebrew names. Some interpret the popularity that the zodiac maintains within synagogue floors as evidence for its Judaization and adaptation into the Jewish calendar, others see it as representing the existence of a “non-Rabbinic” or a mystical and Hellenized form of Judaism that embraced the astral religion of Greco-Roman culture
2. Dubrovin Farm – Dubrovin Farm was one of the first farms in the Hulah Valley. It was established by Andrey Dubrovin who moved to Ottoman Syria with his family in 1903, Dubrovin left Astrakhan and settled in the north of the country near Yesod HaMaala. Dubrovin and his family were Subbotniks, Russian Christians who kept seventh-day Sabbath, after their conversion to Judaism, they took Hebrew names. Andrey became Yoav, and his wife became Rachel, the family farm, on a plot of 650 dunams, was located near a malaria-ridden swamp. Two of Dubrovins sons and two died of the illness. Dubrovin eventually moved most of his family to Rosh Pinna, leaving behind his eldest son, Yitzhak, to manage the buildings, fruit orchards, Dubrovin was granted many awards in agriculture. He died at the age of 104, in 1968, his son Yitzhak bequeathed the Dubrovin Estate to the Jewish National Fund and the farm was converted into a museum that commemorates the early pioneers. The museum exhibits personal possessions and furniture brought with them from 19th century Russia, on the grounds of the museum are the ruins of a synagogue dating between the 4th and 6th centuries, highlighting the historic Jewish claim to the region
3. Ein Harod (Meuhad) – Ein Harod is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley near Mount Gilboa, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gilboa Regional Council, in 2015 it had a population of 735. The kibbutz was the home of Yitzhak Tabenkin, one of founders of the United Kibbutz Movement, however, in 2009 it began a process of privatization. The kibbutz is named after the nearby spring of Ein Harod. The kibbutz is close to the site of the battle of Ain Jalut from the year 1260. The first Kibbutz Movement haggadah created in pre-state Israel was written at the Kibbutz Ein Harod during the 1930s. Kibbutz Ein Harod was formed in 1952 following a split in the original Kibbutz Ein Harod, Mapai supporters formed Ein Harod. When the ideological rivalry between the movements subsided and the United Kibbutz Movement was established in 1981, both kibbutzim joined, in September 2009, the members decided to privatize the kibbutz. Each members incomes was to be transferred to his or her own private account instead of the joint account. Each member reaching pension age was to be provided with a monthly retirement compensation of NIS2,743, retired members were to receive an old-age allotment of NIS1,800 from the National Insurance Institute, funds that until the privatization had been placed in a joint account. The new regulations were to take effect in early 2010, Mishkan LeOmanut, located in Ein Harod Meuhad, was the first rural museum in Israel and the first museum run by a kibbutz. Today it is one of Israels major art institutions, today, Mishkan LeOmanut is the largest museum in northern Israel, with a panoramic view of the Jezreel Valley and Mount Gilboa. Museum Ein Harod Official website The Road to Ein Harod, Amos Kenan
4. Gan HaShlosha National Park – Gan HaShlosha National Park, also known by its Arabic name Sakhne, is a national park in Israel. Located between kibbutzim Beit Alfa and Nir David, it has warm water where visitors can swim all year. It is named in memory of three Jewish pioneers who came to survey the land on behalf of the Jewish National Fund in 1938, the spring water that emerges in the western part of the park maintains a constant, year-round temperature of 28 degrees Celsius. Amal Stream, which crosses the park, has widened into pools. An old water-powered mill operates at the site and an adjacent madafeh, or Arab hospitality room, has been restored. A1,1 reconstruction of Tel Amal, one of the first Tower, the Museum of Regional and Mediterranean Archaeology is located on the grounds of the park. It houses a display of rare Greek tools, artifacts from excavations in the Beit She’an Valley and an exhibit about the Etruscans. The Garden of Eden, a film about Gan HaShlosha, premiered at the Jerusalem Film Festival in July 2012, the film was screened at the DocAviv Galilee festival in Maalot-Tarshiha in November 2012. Tourism in Israel National parks of Israel Nir David Gan Hashlosha, by Rochelle Mass at the Wayback Machine Gan Hashlosha National Park
5. German-Speaking Jewry Heritage Museum Tefen – It was founded in 1968 in Nahariya by Israel Shiloni and moved in 1991 to Tefen. A little exhibition developed from this collection in 1968 and was located in rooms of the municipality of Nahariya, in 1991 the museum moved to the Tefen Industrial Park, eastern of Nahariya and founded by Stef Wertheimer, where it is located since then. In 2004 the museum and the Association of Israelis of Central European Origin signed a contract of cooperation, in 2005 the museum had a new opening. The exhibition of the museum is spaced on 400 m2 in two floors, although the topic is always present, the museum decided not to be a Holocaust museum. The presentations use clear and fascinating visual language alongside authentic photographs, through request documentary films can be shown, which had been produced by the Open Museum itself and which tell about the history of German speaking immigrants to Israel. An elevator is available in the building, in the exhibition rooms works of the painter and etcher Hermann Struck are shown. The exhibition focuses on Strucks artistic activities during his years in Haifa, beyond that it shows materials from the personal bequest of the artist. A specialty of the museum is the original of a shack from the early days of Nahariya. Before it had transported in 2010 to the museum, it was standing since 1936 at its old place. It is authentically furnished for the time of Nahariyas establishment, with a bed, a commode, old books, hugo-Zwi Schatzman and his wife Lea-Gertrud, née Wallach immigrated to Palestine from Germany in the year 1934. After their arrival in Palestine their group was sent to the kibbutz Ein Harod, in 1935 the couple moved to Nahariya and bought a parcel of land there at the corner of Weitzman and Hanita street, where they built two settler shacks. In the bigger one of the two shacks they lived and used the one as a storage. With the years the usage of the shacks adapted to the needs of the owners. In 1946 the Schatzmans sold the parcel to the family Pisker, in the year 2010 the family sold the parcel. When a new apartment building was supposed to be built there, the Israeli society for the preservation of historical legacy took over the project and transferred the shack to the museum in Tefen, where it is visitable since then. The museums archive preserves various historical documents like certificates, letters, photographs and numerous objects and this way it helps scientists from Israel and abroad with their research about the history of German-speaking Jewry. Scientists with different interest, like Art history, can find interesting material in the archive, homepage of the German-Speaking Jewry Heritage Museum Tefen The Association of Israelis of Central European Origin
6. Ghetto Fighters' House – The museum is named after Itzhak Katzenelson, a Jewish poet who died at Auschwitz. The museum is located in the Western Galilee, Israel, on the Coastal Highway between Acre and Nahariya, the Ghetto Fighters House is the world’s first museum commemorating the Holocaust and Jewish heroism. It represents the highest expression of its commitment to Holocaust education in Israel. The museum tells the story of the Jewish people in the 20th century, and particularly during World War II, at the center of the narrative is the individual, and the many expressions of Jewish resistance in ghettos, concentration camps, and partisan combat. Friends of GFH associations are active in Israel, France, Austria, and the United States
7. Hamat Tiberias – Hammath or Hamma is the Hebrew and Semitic word for hot spring. The Hebrew possessive plural is hamei- and it is adjacent to the ancient city of Tiberias, which was established in the first century CE and is now called Tveriya, thus the springs and the resort are called Hamei Tveriya. Since several places bore the name Hammath, the distinction was made here by adding Tiberias/Tveriya to the name, spelling vary for both parts of the Hebrew name. The Arabic name uses the word, Al-Hammam. The 17 springs of Hamat Tiberias have been known since antiquity for their curative properties, the site was rediscovered in 1920 when the Tiberias-Samakh road was being constructed. The Hamei Tveriya natural hot springs are located on the grounds of the park, according to the sages of the Talmud, the springs were heated when they streamed past the entrance of Hell. Archaeologists have concluded it was built on the ruins of the city of Hammath. (Joshua 19,350 However the finds of the excavations are limited to the 1st-8th centuries CE, the Hammat Tiberias Synagogue is an ancient synagogue on the outskirts of Tiberias, located near the hot springs just south of the city. The synagogue dates to 286 and 337 CE, when Tiberias was the seat of the Sanhedrin, two synagogue sites have been excavated at Hammat Tiberias. A limestone menorah was uncovered there which is now on display at the Israel Museum, the mosaic floor is made up of three panels featuring the zodiac, and Helios, the sun god. Women who symbolize the four seasons of nature appear in each corner, the second synagogue site, excavated by Moshe Dothan, is noted for its elaborate mosaic floor. In the center of one large mosaic is the Sun god, Helios, sitting in his holding the celestial sphere. Nine of the 12 signs of the zodiac survived intact, another panel shows a Torah ark flanked by two the seven-branched menorahs and other Jewish ritual objects. Hamat Tiberias National Park at the Israeli Parks Authority site
8. Tel Megiddo – Megiddo is an ancient city whose remains form a tell, situated in northern Israel near Kibbutz Megiddo, about 30 km south-east of Haifa. Megiddo is known for its historical, geographical, and theological importance, during the Bronze Age, Megiddo was an important Canaanite city-state and during the Iron Age, a royal city in the Kingdom of Israel. Excavations have unearthed 26 layers of ruins, indicating a period of settlement. Megiddo is strategically located at the head of a pass through the Carmel Ridge overlooking the Jezreel Valley from the west, evangelical Christians believe it will be the site of the final battle between Jesus Christ and Satan, as outlined in the Book of Revelation. The site is now protected as Megiddo National Park and is a World Heritage Site, the Book of Revelation mentions an apocalyptic battle at Armageddon, a Greek name of the site, derived from the Hebrew Har Megiddo, meaning Mount of Megiddo. Armageddon has become a byword for the end of the world, Megiddo was a site of great importance in the ancient world. It guarded the western branch of a pass on the most important trade route of the ancient Fertile Crescent, linking Egypt with Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. Because of its location, Megiddo was the site of several historical battles. The site was inhabited from approximately 7000 BCE to 586 BCE though the first significant remains date to the Chalcolithic period, the first wall was constructed in the Early Bronze Age II or III period. However, the experienced a decline in the Early Bronze-Age IV period. Following massive construction, the town reached its largest size in the Middle Bronze Age, though the city was subjugated by Thutmose III, it still prospered, and a massive and incredibly elaborate palace was constructed in the Late Bronze Age. The city was destroyed around 1150 BCE, and the area was resettled by what some scholars have identified as early Israelites, however, its importance soon dwindled, and it was finally abandoned around 586 BCE. Since that time it has remained uninhabited, preserving ruins pre-dating 586 BCE without settlements ever disturbing them, instead, the town of al-Lajjun was built up near to the site, but without inhabiting or disturbing its remains. Kibbutz Megiddo is nearby, less than 1 kilometre to the south, today, Megiddo Junction is on the main road connecting the center of Israel with lower Galilee and the north. It lies at the entrance to Wadi Ara, an important mountain pass connecting the Jezreel Valley with Israels coastal plain. In 1964, during Pope Paul VIs visit to the Holy Land, Megiddo was the site where he met with Israeli dignitaries, including Israeli President Zalman Shazar and Prime Minister Levi Eshkol. Famous battles include, Battle of Megiddo, fought between the armies of the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition led by the rulers of Megiddo, Battle of Megiddo, fought between Egyptian pharaoh Necho II and the Kingdom of Judah, in which King Josiah fell. Battle of Megiddo, fought during World War I between Allied troops, led by General Edmund Allenby, and the defending Ottoman army, Megiddo has been excavated three times and is currently being excavated yet again
9. Ralli Museum (Caesarea) – Ralli Museum is the private conglomerate of two art museums under same name in Caesarea, Israel. Both are part of the international foundation Ralli Museums, the Ralli 1 Museum building is approximately nine thousand square meters with five exhibit halls in a Spanish Colonial architecture style surrounded by a 40 hectare garden of sculptures. The museum has Salvador Dali and Auguste Rodin sculptures in its collection, as well as Latin-American sculptures, the collection also contains works by Arman, André Masson. Ralli 1 also has a permanent collection of objects, found in and around Caesarea, including Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic. This collection is created with the help of Smithsonian Institution and traveled to USA, Ralli 2 Museum is dedicated to Spanish Jewry. The building itself is constructed in Moorish Style, with a courtyard at the center featuring a fountain and 12 lions encircling it, marble statues of Yehuda Halevi, Maimonides, Spinoza and Ibn Gabirol are also present in the courtyard. The permanent collection contains paintings of European artists from 16th to 18th centuries depicting Biblical themes, Ralli Museum in Caesarea Virtual Tour