Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
San Luis Obispo Railroad Museum
The museum maintains a research library, and document and photographic archives, and is developing an oral history program. A standard-gauge display track extends along the east side of the building, there is a childrens play area incorporating hands-on train tables and a gift shop offering railroad books and clothing and other souvenirs. The building, its restrooms, and the railroad area are fully accessible. The platform along the track provides a safe place to view. Library books and photographs are being cataloged and are available to researchers by arrangement, Pacific Coast Railway boxcar from the 1200 series is undergoing cosmetic restoration and is displayed on the west side of the building. Southern Pacific Class C-30-1 wood-sided, cupola caboose is awaiting restoration and is viewable by docent-led tours in the nearby storage. Southern Pacific Class B-50-13, outside-braced boxcar is awaiting restoration and is viewable by docent-led tours in the nearby storage
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is a Spanish mission founded in 1772 by Father Junípero Serra in the present-day city of San Luis Obispo, California. Named after Saint Louis of Anjou, the bishop of Toulouse, the Mission church of San Luis Obispo is unusual in its design in that its combination of belfry and vestibule is found nowhere else among the California missions. The mission church today is a church of the Diocese of Monterey. Expedition diarist and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí wrote that the called the place la Cañada de los Osos. Portola followed the route the following year, on his way to establish the Presidio of Monterey. Missionary president Junípero Serra, traveling by sea, met the Portola party there, in 1772, when food supplies started to dwindle at the mission, Serra remembered the stories of the Valley of the Bears. He decided to send an expedition to kill the bears in order to feed the Spanish. The huge success of the expedition caused Father Junípero Serra to consider building a mission in that area.
The mission became the fifth in the chain founded by Father Junípero Serra. Father Serra sent an expedition south to San Luis Obispo to start building the mission. On September 1,1772 a cross was erected near San Luis Obispo Creek and Father Junípero Serra celebrated the first mass, briefly following the first mass, Father Junípero Serra returned to San Diego and left the responsibility of the missions construction to Father Jose Cavaller. Father Cavaller, five soldiers and two began building what is now Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa. Father Cavaller received help in the building of the Mission from the friendly tribe. The Chumash helped construct palisades, which would serve as temporary buildings for the Mission, due to several Indian tribes which were determined to get rid of European settlers, they set these buildings ablaze. Because of this, Father Cavaller was forced to rebuild the buildings using adobe, starting in 1794 Mission San Luis Obispo went through extensive building operations.
They helped build numerous buildings to accommodate the nearby Indians and they made many improvements and additions to the Mission. The renovation was finished when they completed the quadrangle in 1819. The arrival of the bells marked the end of improvements made to Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa for many years, Luis Gil y Taboada took over the mission, but he died three years later
Robert Jack House
The Robert Jack House, at 536 Marsh St. in San Luis Obispo, California, is a two-story Italianate-style historic house. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992, the listing included two contributing buildings. The Jack House is now owned by the City of San Luis Obispo, volunteer docents offer guided tours on Sundays from April through November, and the house is open for holiday celebrations and special events. The house was built by, and was a home of, Robert Edgar Jack, the house was deemed significant for its association with Jack. Jack lived there from 1882 until his death, Jack, as a banker and a leading citizen, was quite involved in promoting the development of railroad through the central coast, and benefited economically from the railroad. The house is perhaps of significance architecturally as a good example of Italianate architecture. Media related to Robert Jack House at Wikimedia Commons Jack House - City of San Luis Obispo Parks and Recreation
The Rios-Caledonia Adobe is a California Historical Landmark and is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is a dwelling built in 1835, located in San Miguel, California. In 1846, when the property was sold by Governor Pio Pico and William Reed purchased the mission. The original building was made of adobe, had a roof of hand-made tiles, the Rios family used the home as a residence until Warran C. Rickard purchased it from the state on a possessory claim, from 1868 until 1886, George Butchart operated the building as the Caledonia Inn, a stagecoach stop and tavern on El Camino Real. The arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in San Miguel put an end to the Inn, in 1887, it served briefly as an elementary school. After that, it was used for businesses and again as a home from 1895 to 1910 for various families. Charles Dorries purchased the property with 6 acres of land in 1923, Dorries built the gift shop in a similar style in 1938 specifically to serve visitors. By 1964 it had fallen into disrepair, the County of San Luis Obispo purchased the adobe in 1964.
In 1968, the Friends of the Adobes formed to preserve, major restoration work completed in 1972, and the building was formally dedicated. A museum and gift shop opened in June 1978, opening the adobe for tours, the site is now operated as a county park. Rios-Caledonia Adobe - official site Early History of the California Coast, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
San Luis Obispo Carnegie Library
The San Luis Obispo Carnegie Library is a Carnegie library located at 696 Monterey St. in San Luis Obispo, California. The library building was funded by the Carnegie foundation in 1903 and built in 1905, it housed the citys library program. William H. Weeks, who designed 21 Carnegie libraries in California, the librarys design includes a tall hipped roof with two gabled wings, decorations including gargoyles in the gable ends, and an entrance portico with multiple round arches. The building is faced in red brick with yellow sandstone trim. The library operated until 1955 and became a county historical museum the following year, the library building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 30,1995. The library is now home to the History Center of San Luis Obispo County, the museum features changing exhibits on local history and culture and a research room. History Center of San Luis Obispo County Photos from the NRHP nomination
Estrella Warbird Museum
The Estrella Warbird Museum is an aviation museum dedicated to the restoration and preservation of military aircraft and memorabilia. The museum is located at Paso Robles Municipal Airport in central California and is named after Estrella Army Airfield, in July,2009, the museum opened an automobile display featuring classic racing cars, The Woodland Auto Display. As of January 2015, the aircraft were on exhibit at the museum.5 mm anti-aircraft gun As of January 2010. California Warbird Survivors 2002, A Handbook on Where to Find Them. iUniverse, Paso Robles, City of Paso Robles
Camp San Luis Obispo
Camp San Luis Obispo is the original home of the California Army National Guard. It served as an Infantry Division Camp and Cantonment Area for the United States Army during World War II, Camp San Luis Obispo, formerly called Camp Merriam, was established in 1928 and is called the original home of the California National Guard. The camp is in San Luis Obispo County, which is on the Central Coast of California, state Route 1 passes through the camp about halfway between the cities of Morro Bay and San Luis Obispo. Since World War II, the camp has had an area of 15,433 acres, the camp originally comprised 6,274 acres, and a further 9,159 acres was acquired during 1941. During World War II, the camp had quarters for 1,523 officers and 19,383 enlisted personnel, during the Korean war, from early January 1950 to late 1953, the camp was again used by the US Army, for signal corps training. There was eight weeks of combat training, shorter than the usual 16 weeks for combat arms. Then there were technical schools covering all aspects of the signal corps, from lineman and teletype.
It was a Prisoner of War Camp during WW ll, Cuesta College opened for classes in 1965 on a southwest portion of the camp, rented from the California National Guard. The Cuesta College Board of Trustees purchased 160 acres of the camp and 20 acres adjoining for a permanent campus, the land was on the other side of Chorro Creek from the temporary campus. Construction was started in 1970 and the transfer from the site was completed in 1978. El Chorro Regional Park was created in 1972 when over 700 acres of the camp were given to San Luis Obispo County, the park contains barbecue facilities, a softball field, volleyball courts and camping sites. Dairy Creek Golf Course is located in the portion of the park. An area in the portion of the park is off limits due to the discovery of unexploded munitions. Salinas Dam, which forms Santa Margarita Lake, was built to water to Camp San Luis Obispo. The lake now supplies water to the city of San Luis Obispo, opened in 1995, the museum exhibits the works of the Civilian Conservation Corps in California.
One building is a replica of a 1930s CCC barracks, including tools, the museum is open by appointment. It contains the library and research center of the National Association of Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni Buildings, a major tenant of Camp San Luis Obispo since the early 2000s has been the Grizzly Youth Academy, Californias version of the Youth Challenge Program. Camp San Luis Obispo was assigned as the new permanent headquarters of the California Cadet Corps in July 2011
The Dana Adobe or Casa de Dana is a historic building in Nipomo, California. It was the home of Boston sea captain William Dana, who in 1837 was granted the 37, captain Dana hosted figures such as Henry Tefft and John C. Fremont in his Nipomo home, which served as an important exchange point on Californias first official mail route between Monterey and Los Angeles. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the entire Rancho Nipomo is listed as a California Historical Landmark. History of San Luis Obispo County, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men, friends of the Adobes, San Miguel, CA