Coloma is a census-designated place in El Dorado County, California, USA. It is approximately 36 miles northeast of Sacramento, Coloma is most noted for being the site where James W. Marshall found gold in the Sierra Nevada, at Sutters Mill on January 24,1848, leading to the California Gold Rush. The settlement is a tourist attraction known for its ghost town, Coloma was designated a National Historic Landmark District on July 4,1961. It lies at an elevation of 764 feet, Coloma grew around Sutters Mill following the finding of gold. A post office was established in 1849 under the name Culloma, one of Colomas earliest settlers was Silas Sanderson, who went on to become the 7th Chief Justice of California. The tailrace of Sutters Mill remains, along with a nearby reconstruction, in reality the meaningfulness of the township of Coloma has dissipated as residents who live in the wider Coloma Valley area generally share a community spirit. The town currently has approximately 300 inhabitants, the local economy is predominately agriculture and tourism.
Of particular note is the industry as the South Fork American River is one of the most popular white water trips in North America. The name comes from the natives name for the valley Coloma is in, Cullumah. Coloma is on the South Fork American River that runs through the valley and was built on the original Native American village of Koloma, the 2010 United States Census reported that Coloma had a population of 529. The population density was 157.7 people per square mile, the racial makeup of Coloma was 462 White,4 African American,3 Native American,8 Asian,0 Pacific Islander,15 from other races, and 37 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63 persons, the Census reported that 429 people lived in households,34 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 were institutionalized. There were 22 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 same-sex married couples or partnerships,51 households were made up of individuals and 20 had someone living alone. The average household size was 2.29, there were 140 families, the average family size was 2.64.
The median age was 49.0 years, for every 100 females there were 115.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.1 males, there were 251 housing units at an average density of 74.8 per square mile, of which 153 were owner-occupied and 63 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1. 3%, the vacancy rate was 12. 5%. 355 people lived in owner-occupied housing units, and 140 people lived in housing units
El Prado Complex
The El Prado Complex is a historic district in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. The 13-acre complex includes 13 contributing buildings and one contributing structure, most of the structures were built for San Diegos Panama-California Exposition of 1915–16 and were refurbished and re-used for the California Pacific International Exposition of 1935–36. The original architects were Bertram Goodhue and Carleton Winslow, the area was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. The El Prado Complex corresponds to El Prado, the avenue, together with the buildings. The blue area between it and the Cabrillo Bridge is the California Quadrangle, listed on the National Register
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California Trojans football team, the facility has a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference. For Rams games, capacity is at 80,000, giving it the fourth-largest capacity in the NFL, the stadium is located in Exposition Park and across the street from USC. From 1959 to 2016, the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena was located adjacent to the Coliseum, the Coliseum is the first stadium to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice, in 1932 and 1984 and has been proposed to host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The stadium was the home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball from 1958 to 1961 and was the host venue for games 3,4. It was the site of the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game, called Super Bowl I, additionally, it has served as a home field for a number of other teams, including the Los Angeles Raiders of the NFL, and UCLA Bruins football.
It was declared a National Historic Landmark on July 27,1984, under the lease the University has day-to-day management and operation responsibility for both the Coliseum and Sports Arena. The 98-year lease took effect on July 29,2013, and was signed by the parties on September 5,2013. The Coliseum is now primarily the home of the USC Trojans football team, Most of USCs regular home games, especially the alternating games with rivals UCLA and Notre Dame, attract a capacity crowd. The current official capacity of the Coliseum is 93,607, USCs women lacrosse and soccer teams use the Coliseum for selected games, usually involving major opponents and televised games. USC rents the Coliseum to various events, including soccer games, musical concerts. The Olympic Cauldron was built for the stadiums two Olympic Games and it is still lit during the fourth quarter of USC football games, and other special occasions. It was lit to honor the fallen Israeli Athletes from the 1972 Munich Olympics Games and it was lit for several days following the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster in 1986.
The torch was lit for over a following the September 11 attacks in 2001. In 2004, the cauldron was lit non-stop for seven days in tribute to president Ronald Reagan and it was lit again in April 2005 following the death of Pope John Paul II, who had celebrated Mass at the Coliseum during his visit to Los Angeles in 1987. At the Los Angeles Dodgers 50th anniversary game on March 29,2008, charity ceremony, while Neil Diamonds Heartlight was played and the majority of the attendees turned on their complimentary souvenir keychain flashlights. It was lit for the duration of Special Olympics World Games held in Los Angeles from July 25,2015 to August 2,2015, the cauldron was most recently lit for the returning Los Angeles Rams first home game on September 18,2016 against the Seattle Seahawks. The Coliseum was commissioned in 1921 as a memorial to L. A. veterans of World War I, the official ground breaking ceremony took place on December 21,1921 with work being completed in just over 16 months, on May 1,1923
Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
The Ahwahnee Hotel is a grand hotel in Yosemite National Park, California, on the floor of Yosemite Valley, constructed from steel, concrete and glass, which opened in 1927. It is an example of National Park Service rustic architecture and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987. The hotel was built by two companies that were merged when the National Park Service began leasing concessions to a single concessionaire in 1925. The Curry Company, owned by David and Jennie Curry and the Yosemite Park Company, the structure originally served as both a luxury hotel and the company offices of YPC&CC. Delaware Norths contract ended on March 1,2016 when The National Park Service selected Aramark as the new concessionaire and Jennie Curry and operators of Curry Village, were schoolteachers who arrived in Yosemite Valley in 1899. The couple offset some of their costs by giving camping tours. For three summers in a row, the Currys led teachers on camping outings to Yellowstone with horse and wagon, arriving in Yosemite with a cook, despite the two week, round trip travel period from Merced, the camp registered 292 guests its first year.
The couple brought their three children with them, foster and Marjorie all helped out where they were able. The Curry Company came to dominate the politics of the park for decades, David wrote the Secretary of the Interior, Franklin Lane, in an effort extend the parks tourist season, hoping to expand his business. The Currys were adept at promotion and revived an old tradition started by James McCauley on the Fourth of July 1872, at sunset, piles of burning logs were pushed off Glacier Point creating what was known as the Fire Fall. The theory was, national parks were for recreational use, David Curry died in 1917 and left the management of Camp Curry to his widow Jennie, now known as Mother Curry. She received help from her children, particularly Mary and Marys husband Donald Tresidder, in 1915, Stephen T. Mather convinced D. J. Desmond to convert an old army barracks into the Yosemite Lodge, desmond began a hotel at Glacier Point the following year, while buying out a number of businesses to improve Yosemite Park Companys position in upcoming park leasing contracts.
A congressional act allowed for efficient supervision of the parks for the enjoyment of the public, beginning in 1916, the newly formed National Park Service began a concerted effort to attract visitors to the parks and create better accommodations and services. Under the direction of Mather, whose greatest desire was to build a hotel in Yosemite, an attempt was made to build near Yosemite Falls. Prominent socialite Lady Astor and other wealthy tourists had refused to stay at the due to the horrible conditions of the facilities. In 1925, the Park Service, unhappy with the declining concessions situation within the parks, decided to grant a monopoly to single entities to run the hotel and food services in each park. Two existing companies, Curry Company and The Yosemite Park Company, were merged to create one company to run all of the hotels
SS Lane Victory
SS Lane Victory is an American Victory-class cargo ship used in World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam War. The ship was preserved in 1989 to serve as a ship in the San Pedro area of Los Angeles. As a rare surviving Victory ship, she was designated a U. S. National Historic Landmark, the school grew into a prominent liberal arts college. Lane Victory was built in Los Angeles by the California Shipbuilding Corporation, on her first voyage, June 27,1945, Lane Victory carried war supplies in the Pacific. The War Shipping Administration gave the operations of the ship to the American President Lines, United States Merchant Mariners operated the ship. The United States Navy Armed Guard, who manned the ships guns and she made two Pacific cruises, beginning July 10,1945 to Manus Island, and the second starting August 30,1945 to Guam and Hawaii. The trip to Guam was to bring food to the island, on the way Lane Victory sailed through a typhoon and was tossed around for 14 days. On February 27,1946 her second voyage ended, with the end of World War II, she started shipping aid.
In March 1946 she started delivering goods to Europe under the Marshall Plan, with the end of the aid plan, on May 11,1948 Lane Victory was laid up at Suisun Bay, California. In 1950 Lane Victory was taken out of storage and by October 1950 was back in service and she was deployed to evacuate Korean civilians and United Nations personnel at Wonsan, North Korea. During December 1950 she evacuated over 3,800 U. S. troops and 1,100 vehicles from Hungnam while under attack during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir. Lane Victory offloaded troops and cargo as the cruiser USS Saint Paul, after unloading she evacuated 7,010 men and children, taking them south to safety. When the ship arrived 7,011 passengers disembarked, as a baby had been born during the voyage, on October 10,1953 she was laid up in Suisun Bay, California storage. An annual Korean War tribute day is held aboard SS Lane Victory in honor of those saved, in 1966 the ship was restored to duty again for the Vietnam War. She saw duty during the conflict moving ammunition and supplies to, on April 29,1970 Lane Victory was laid up again at Suisun Bay for storage in the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
During her three-war career, she traveled through the Far East Pacific, made a few transatlantic crossings, because of the ships excellent condition in storage at Suisun Bay, the Maritime Administration decided to set aside Lane Victory for preservation. President Ronald Reagan signed into law H. R.2032 on October 18,1988, joe Vernick, John Smith and a group of Merchant Marine veterans had worked for years for the ship to be released from the Reserve Fleet. Many upgrades were performed in order to bring Lane Victory up to Coast Guard standards and she was drydocked in 1992, and her hull was proved sound
The Harada House, built in 1884 and located at 3356 Lemon Street in Riverside, became the focus of an important court case testing exclusionary legislation. The 1916-1918 case of California v. Harada was an early constitutional test of the California Alien Land Law of 1913, at issue was the right of the American-born children of Japanese immigrant Jukichi and Ken Harada to own the house. That right was upheld, setting precedent for related challenges to such laws, the house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1990 and is currently overseen by the Riverside Metropolitan Museum. Alien land laws Klotz, Esther H. Hall, Joan H. Adobes, the House on Lemon Street, Japanese Pioneers and the American Dream. Boulder, CO, University of Colorado Press, no Other Place, Japanese American Pioneers in a Southern California Neighborhood. Riverside, CA, University of California, Riverside Department of History
The California Quadrangle, California Building, and California Tower are historic structures located in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. They were built for the 1915–16 Panama-California Exposition and served as the entry to the Expo. The buildings and courtyard were designed by noted architect Bertram Goodhue and they were added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 17,1974. They now house the San Diego Museum of Man, the Quadrangle includes the California Building and Tower on the north side, and Evernham Hall and the St. Francis Chapel on the south side. Between them is an open space linked by arcaded passageways and massive arched gateways to form the Plaza de California, the original Balboa Park Administration Building lies just outside the Quadrangle, adjacent to and west of the California Building. Unlike most of the exhibits at the Expo, the Quadrangle buildings were intended to be permanent, the Plaza de California is the main entryway to Balboa Park, approached over the Cabrillo Bridge.
That entry is currently a two-lane road providing access to the park. However, the plan was challenged in court and was overturned by a judge on February 4,2013, the California Building with its ornate facade and blue-and-gold dome, together with the adjoining California Tower, are among the most recognizable landmarks in San Diego. They house the San Diego Museum of Man, the design and ornamentation combine many style elements including Gothic, Baroque and Rococo to create the impression of a Spanish Colonial church. The domes design looked to the dome at the Church of Santa Prisca and these include Junípero Serra, Philip III of Spain, Sebastián Vizcaíno, George Vancouver, Luís Jayme, Carlos III of Spain, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Gaspar de Portolà, and Antonio de la Ascención. The facade features the shield of the United States and the coats of arms of California, the California Tower is 198 feet tall and is open for public tours as of January 1,2015. The towers design is Spanish while the details and color are Mexican in style, the tower is composed of three tiers that shift from a quadrangle to an octagon and a circle.
There is a Maas-Rowe carillon in the tower, first installed in 1946, the carillon can be heard throughout the park. It plays the Westminster Chimes every quarter-hour, and a resident carilloneur plays three songs at every day. The tower has been described as San Diegos Icon, the most photographed, the State of California paid the $250,000 cost to develop the California Building and Tower for the 1915 Exposition. Although California owned the building, it was turned over to the San Diego government in 1926, during the Exposition the California Building was the home of the Expos theme exhibit, an anthropological display called The Story of Man through the Ages. After the Expo ended, the exhibit was retained and expanded, on the south side of the Quadrangle is the fairs original Fine Arts Building. The building is now used by the San Diego Museum of Man and it houses a banquet hall called Evernham Hall, and is used for temporary exhibits
Asilomar Conference Grounds
Asilomar Conference Grounds is a conference center built for the Young Womens Christian Association. It is located east of what was known as Moss Beach on the tip of the Monterey Peninsula in Pacific Grove. Between 1913 and 1929 architect Julia Morgan designed and built 16 of the buildings on the property, in 1956 it became part of the State Division of Beaches and Parks of Californias Department of Natural Resources, and Moss Beach was renamed Asilomar State Beach. Asilomar is a derivation of the Spanish phrase asilo al mar, the annual conference of the YWCA of the Pacific Coast had been held at the Capitola, California hotel through 1911. A resulting YWCA committee persuaded the Pacific Improvement Company of Pacific Grove, in early 1913 the YWCA announced that Julia Morgan, already at work on the Oakland YWCA building, would design the campgrounds. Construction began in the spring of 1913 and in August 1913 the Social Hall, Merrill Hall, the last of Morgans designs for Asilomar, was dedicated in 1928.
Several other prominent California women including Ellen Browning Scripps, Mrs. Warren Olney, Jr. the winning entry in the naming contest was by Helen Salisbury, a Stanford student. The property is officially named Asilomar State Beach and Conference Grounds and it is currently used primarily as a conference center for hire but is open to individual lodging guests and is frequently used for family reunions and other social events. The grounds are open to the public, from 1956 until 1994 several non-profit corporations managed the conference grounds in cooperation with California State Parks. Delaware North Companies Parks and Resorts operated the park from 1997 to 2007 under a concessionaire agreement, aramark won a new 20-year operating contract in January 2009 and began operations there in September of that year. To preserve the atmosphere of the resort, there are no telephones or televisions in any of the rooms. However, Wi-Fi has recently been installed throughout the property, in October,2012 construction began to improve Asilomars accessibility under Americans with Disabilities Guidelines.
This includes replacement of old and rugged asphalt pathways. Construction work will continue into 2014 and will include modifications to improve access to several rooms as well as the exterior improvements
Gamble House (Pasadena, California)
The Gamble House, known as David B. Gamble House, is a National Historic Landmark, a California Historical Landmark and it was designed by brothers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene of the architectural firm Greene and Greene and constructed 1908–09 as a home for David B. Gamble of the Procter & Gamble company, originally intended as a winter residence for David and Mary Gamble, the three-story Gamble House is commonly described as Americas Arts and Crafts masterpiece. Its style shows influence from traditional Japanese aesthetics and a certain California spaciousness born of available land, the Arts and Crafts Movement in American Craftsman style architecture was focused on the use of natural materials, attention to detail and craftsmanship. Inlay in the furniture designed by the architects matches inlay in the tile mantle surrounds. One of the panels in the entry hall is actually a concealed door leading to the kitchen. Symmetrically organized spaces and forms in asymmetrical relationships to one another, the third floor was planned as a billiard room, but was used as an attic by the Gamble family.
The Gamble family crest, a crane and trailing rose, was integrated in part or whole in locations around the house. Outdoor space was as important as the interior spaces, exterior porches are found off three of the second-floor bedrooms and were used for sleeping or entertaining. The main terrace is privately beyond the facade of the residence. It has patterned brick paving with planting areas, a curvilinear pond. Paths made with large stones from the nearby Arroyo Seco are reminiscent of running brooks crossing the lawns. The overall landscape design and constructed elements are integrated with the architectural proportion. The triple front door and transom feature a Japanese black pine motif in plated leaded art glass and Mary Gamble lived in the house during the winter months until their deaths in 1923 and 1929, respectively. Marys younger sister Julia lived in the house until her death in 1943, in 1966, Cecil and Louise Gamble turned the house over to the city of Pasadena in a joint agreement with the University of Southern California School of Architecture.
The Gamble House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977, two 5th year USC architecture students live in the house full-time, the selected students change annually. The house is portrayed as the home of Dr. Emmett Brown in the Back to the Future trilogy, described as the Brown Mansion in a newspaper headline dated August 1,1962, seen in the first film. The house was included in a list of all-time top 10 houses in Los Angeles in a Los Angeles Times survey of experts in December 2008, images of The Gamble House - Masterwork of Greene & Greene, Jeanette Thomas, Univ. of So
Folsom Powerhouse State Historic Park
Folsom Powerhouse State Historic Park is a historical site preserving an 1895 alternating current hydroelectric power station—one of the first in the United States. Before the Folsom powerhouse was built nearly all electric power houses were using direct current generators powered by steam engines located within a few miles of where the power was needed. Lower voltage electrical power, which is easier and safer to use. DC power cannot use a transformer to change its voltage, in Sacramento the 11,000 volts AC power was transformed down to a lower voltage near where it was needed for use. The Folsom Powerhouse was one of the first examples of significant electrical power being generated, hydroelectric power had been demonstrated as a viable source of economical power despite being located a significant distances from the users. The Folsom Powerhouse is located 23 miles above Sacramento on the American River in the city of Folsom, the power station remained in operation until 1952 when the original Folsom dam across the American River was destroyed to make way for the new much larger Folsom Dam.
The powerhouse was shut down after 57 years of continuous operation, the State of California designated the site as California Historical Landmark Number #633. The 35-acre historic park was established in 1956, the powerhouse was designated a U. S. National Historic Landmark in 1981. The two-story brick and granite Powerhouse looks much as it did in 1895 and its imposing generators, and the Tennessee marble-faced control switchboard stand as imposingly as they did more than a hundred years ago. Historic photos, interpretive exhibits and docent guided tours by the California State Park Service explain how the powerhouse worked, some of the original water turbines, etc. are still in place. Too much power was lost in transmission at low voltage for long distance power transmission to be practical and this meant the original power stations were restricted to local steam generating plants built right in each local neighborhood. Pearl Street Station was the first central power plant in the United States and it was located at 255-257 Pearl Street in downtown Manhattan on a site measuring 50 by 100 feet, just south of Fulton Street.
Using transformers to convert the power to a much higher voltage for transmission allowed the power plants. The high voltage could use transformers to obtain lower voltages for final use. Single point failures were minimized in the plant design, the AC generators and their associated water turbines were so large that they could not be shipped by rail and were shipped 19,000 miles around Cape Horn by ship. The Folsom power plant predates Niagara Falls Adams power House generating AC electrical transmission for use and shipment to Buffalo. The International Electro-Technical Exhibition -1891 in Frankfurt am Main Germany demonstrated an earlier instance of long distance AC transmission of hydroelectric power, westinghouse Electric Company and General Electric were in a race to develop better equipment and bring it to the United States. The dam diverted a large stream of water into a 2.5 miles long diversion canal—the East Canal and this canal was 50 feet wide and 8 feet deep, carrying about 85,000 cubic feet of water per minute
Columbia State Historic Park
Columbia State Historic Park, known as Columbia Historic District, is a state park unit and National Historic Landmark District preserving historic downtown Columbia, California, USA. It includes almost 30 buildings built during the California Gold Rush and it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The site was proclaimed a historic park in 1946. Individuals in period costumes run a candy store, a Daguerreotype studio. The Columbia Museum, formerly the Cavalier Museum, is located in the Knapp building, volunteers with the Friends of Columbia State Historic Park host many special living history programs at the park each year. During Gold Rush Days, held the second Saturday of each month, park docents in period clothing lead programs in the park, free tours of the town are offered on weekends year-round and daily in the summer. Columbia State Historic Park has been used as a location for many films. High Noon includes scenes filmed in 1952 in and around the Wilson House, on Main Street, the Shadow Riders was filmed in and around Columbia.
List of California state parks Official Columbia State Historic Park Website Friends of Columbia State Historic Park