Bank of Italy (Paso Robles, California)
The Bank of Italy is a historic bank building located at 1245 Park St. in Paso Robles, California. Built in 1921, the building is the tallest in Paso Robles. August Nyberg, the owner and architect of the bank, designed it in the Renaissance Revival style, the brick buildings design features quoin-like corners, semicircular windows on the second floor with latticed glass and radiating brick borders, and recessed transoms. The Bank of Italy and Midland Light and Power moved into the building in 1922, Bank of America acquired the Bank of Italy in 1930, from 1937 to 1958, the Bank of America branch in the building was the only bank in Paso Robles. The second floor of the building was used by businesses, including several doctors. Bank of America left the building in 1969, in 1992, art dealer Ali Salamanzadeh purchased the building and opened a gallery on the first floor, the California Department of Corrections uses the upper floors for office space. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 19,1998
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
The Powerhouse (San Luis Obispo, California)
The Powerhouse is a historic building located on the campus of California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, California. Built from 1908 to 1910, the building was designed by William H. Weeks in the Mission Revival style, the Powerhouse was the last of the original buildings at Cal Poly to be constructed, however, it is now the only remaining original building on its campus. The building originally served as a power plant run by students, the Powerhouse stopped generating power in the 1940s and was replaced entirely and abandoned in 1955. In 1967, the building found a new use when the schools College of Architecture, the Powerhouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on July 30,1993
Hearst Castle is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States. It was designed by architect Julia Morgan, between 1919 and 1947, as a residence for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who died in 1951, in 1954 it became a California State Park. The site was opened to visitors in 1958, since that time it has been operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument where the estate, and its considerable collection of art and antiques, is open for public tours. Despite its location far from any urban center, the site attracts millions of travelers each year, Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada, but usually called it the ranch. Hearst Castle and grounds are sometimes referred to as San Simeon without distinguishing between the Hearst property and the adjacent unincorporated area of the same name. Invitations to Hearst Castle were highly coveted during its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s, the Hollywood and political elite often visited, usually flying into the estates airfield or taking a private Hearst-owned train car from Los Angeles.
While guests were expected to attend the formal dinners each evening, since the Ranch had so many facilities, guests were rarely at a loss for things to do. The estates theater usually screened films from Hearsts own movie studio, Hearst Castle was the inspiration for the Xanadu mansion of the 1941 Orson Welles film Citizen Kane, a fictionalization of William Randolph Hearsts career. Hearst Castle was not used as a location for the film, commercial filming is rare at Hearst Castle and most requests are turned down. U. Y. One condition of the Hearst Corporations donation of the estate was that the Hearst family would be allowed to use it when they wished. Patty Hearst, a granddaughter of William Randolph, related that as a child, the house is screened from tourist routes by a dense grove of eucalyptus to provide maximum privacy for the guests. In 2001, Patty Hearst hosted a Travel Channel show on the estate, Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22,1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11,1976.
Hearst Castle was included as one of Americas 10 Amazing Castles by Forbes Travel. com, the estate itself is five miles inland atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet. The region is sparsely populated because the Santa Lucia Range abuts the Pacific Ocean, the surrounding countryside visible from the mansion remains largely undeveloped. Its entrance is approximately five miles north of Hearst San Simeon State Park, Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearsts father, George Hearst, originally purchased in 1865. The younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips and he inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. The Hearst Castle area has a mediterranean climate that is moderated by its relative proximity to the Pacific coastline. Hearst first approached American architect Julia Morgan with ideas for a new project in April 1915, I get tired of going up there and camping in tents
Piedras Blancas Light Station
Piedras Blancas Light Station is located at Point Piedras Blancas, about 5.5 miles west by northwest of San Simeon, California. The first-order Fresnel lens at Piedras Blancas was first illuminated on February 15,1875, the Piedras Blancas lighthouse was originally 100 feet high to the top of the ventilator ball, but earthquakes damaged the structure over the years. On December 31,1948, final damage from an earthquake centered 6 miles off the point led to the decision to remove the three floors, the fourth landing, watch room, and lantern. Missing the ornate upper floors, the lighthouse now stands about 70 feet tall. The lens was moved and is on display in the community of Cambria. A sound signal was added in 1906, in 1939, management was transferred from the United States Lighthouse Service to the United States Coast Guard. In 1975, the light was automated, the sound signal removed, a group of biologists with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service received permission to establish a biological research station in 1977.
The Piedras Blancas Light Station Association is a partner of the BLM, helping to raise funds for restoration. The lighthouse continues to serve as an aid to navigation, a Vega VRB-25 produces a flash every 10 seconds. The light station is managed as a park and wildlife sanctuary. The Piedras Blancas Light Station has been designated as an Outstanding Natural Area, access to the 19-acre site is by guided tours, available every Tuesday and Saturday year round. From June 15 through August 31, tours are offered Mondays through Saturdays, the fee is $10 for adults, $5 for ages 6 to 17, and free for ages 5 and under. Special tours for parties of 10 or more may be arranged, the tour lasts two hours and includes the historic lighthouse and support buildings, wildlife viewing, and spectacular scenery along an easy half-mile interpretive trail. The largest elephant seal rookery on the West Coast is located about a mile south of the lighthouse along California Highway One, a large parking area and boardwalk offer easy access to view the elephant seals.
Docents from Friends of the Elephant Seal provide insight as to what the visitor is viewing, Piedras Blancas State Marine Reserve and Marine Conservation Area are marine protected areas offshore from Piedras Blancas Light Station. Like underwater parks, these protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife. The 1959 movie The Monster of Piedras Blancas was not shot at Point Piedras Blancas,2008, Arcadia Images of America series. ISBN 978-0738558196 United States Coast Guard Piedras Blancas Light Station Outstanding Natural Area, Bureau of Land Management Piedras Blancas Light Station Association
SS Montebello was an oil tanker sunk by the Japanese submarine, I-21, off the coast of California on December 23,1941. SS Montebello was an oil tanker built by the Southwestern Shipbuilding Company in San Pedro. Steel hulled, she had a length of 440 feet, beam of 58.2 feet, the ship had ten divided liquid storage tanks which ran the width of the ship and was a single-hull design. She had a life of 25 years and was 20 years old when torpedoed. When she went down, Montebello held 73,571 barrels of oil along with 104,034 US gallons of fuel oil for her engines. Montebello was torpedoed after leaving for Vancouver, British Columbia, from the small Central Coast seaport of Port San Luis, the officers and crew were aware there had been several attacks on American shipping off the West Coast. The risk was so high that Montebellos skipper had refused to take the ship to sea, after replacing the captain with the chief mate, Olaf Eckstrom, they set off at midnight. At approximately 5,45 am, off the coast of the town of Cambria, just north of Morro Bay.
Though one was a dud, the responsible for the sinking struck forward in the pump room. The crew was unarmed, and as the men jumped into lifeboats, by 6,30 am, the ship had stood on her bow and slid under, according to a report published the next day. In an expedition conducted on November 7,1996, the submersible Delta descended with two men on board to the wreck at a depth of 880 feet and found Montebello sitting upright on the bottom. Based on their observations it was concluded that a torpedo hit Montebello just forward of the pump room. While the bow was broken from the impact with the sea floor, the expedition created three-dimension images of the ship using sonar, to be analyzed onshore. Further explorations of the wreck were scheduled for 2011 at an expected cost of $2.3 million, the shipwreck was listed on the US National Register of Historic Places in 2016
Point San Luis Light
It is on the National Register of Historic Places and is being refurbished by the Point San Luis Lighthouse Keepers, a volunteer group. The lighthouse is located near Avila Beach on the Central Coast of California, the need for a lighthouse at Point San Luis was recognized as early as 1867. In that year, President Andrew Johnson directed by Executive Order the Department of the Interior to investigate the logistics of placing a Lighthouse at that location. In the 1870s, Port Harford was quite busy, averaging 400 ships per year arriving at that location, in 1877, the Tribune of San Luis Obispo reported that Congressman Romualdo Pacheco had introduced a bill for the construction of a lighthouse at Point San Luis. This early effort was not successful, but in 1886 Congress finally passed the authorization for the lighthouse. The construction of the Lighthouse was delayed and it took the near disaster of a ship sinking to move the project ahead, on the night of April 29,1888, a ship called the Queen of the Pacific began to take on water.
It was about 2 am and the ship was about 15 miles from Port Harford, the captain turned his ship to the harbor but had to proceed slowly because of the dark and for fear of the rocks at the harbor entrance. The ship made it to within about 500 feet of the pier, since most of the ship was still above water, there were no lives lost. It was argued, that with a lighthouse to guide it and this provided the final impetus for the creation of the lighthouse. The lighthouse was completed in June 1890, and was lit for the first time on June 30,1890, by specification, the 4th Order Fresnel lens would generate alternate red and white flashes of light every 30 seconds that would be visible 17 nautical miles out to sea. In 1969, the Fresnel lens was retired and replaced by an electric light. In 1974, the Coast Guard decommissioned the light station, in 1995, the Point San Luis Lighthouse Keepers non-profit corporation was created to manage that task. In early 2010 to mark the 120th anniversary of the lighthouse the Fresnel lens was returned to the station, a trolley service was put in place for trips to the lighthouse.
Point San Luis runs weekly trolley tours, a docent led hike via the Pecho Coast Trail, hosts weddings, list of lighthouses in the United States United States Coast Guard The Point San Luis Lighthouse website Inventory of Historic Lightstations
The Rios-Caledonia Adobe is a California Historical Landmark and is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is a dwelling built in 1835, located in San Miguel, California. In 1846, when the property was sold by Governor Pio Pico and William Reed purchased the mission. The original building was made of adobe, had a roof of hand-made tiles, the Rios family used the home as a residence until Warran C. Rickard purchased it from the state on a possessory claim, from 1868 until 1886, George Butchart operated the building as the Caledonia Inn, a stagecoach stop and tavern on El Camino Real. The arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in San Miguel put an end to the Inn, in 1887, it served briefly as an elementary school. After that, it was used for businesses and again as a home from 1895 to 1910 for various families. Charles Dorries purchased the property with 6 acres of land in 1923, Dorries built the gift shop in a similar style in 1938 specifically to serve visitors. By 1964 it had fallen into disrepair, the County of San Luis Obispo purchased the adobe in 1964.
In 1968, the Friends of the Adobes formed to preserve, major restoration work completed in 1972, and the building was formally dedicated. A museum and gift shop opened in June 1978, opening the adobe for tours, the site is now operated as a county park. Rios-Caledonia Adobe - official site Early History of the California Coast, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Paso Robles Carnegie Library
The Paso Robles Carnegie Library is a Carnegie library located in Paso Robles City Park in Paso Robles, California. The library was built from 1907 to 1908 through a $10,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation, architect William H. Weeks, who designed several other buildings in the city, designed the library in the Classical Revival style. The projecting front entrance of the building has a pediment supported by two columns and two wide brick pilasters. The building has a cornice, and an ornamental frieze is located beneath the pediment. The Works Progress Administration expanded the back of the library in 1939, the library operated until 1995, when it was replaced by a new building and purchased by the citys historical society. The library was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 26,1998