Category:Naturalised citizens of Denmark
Pages in category "Naturalised citizens of Denmark"
The following 29 pages are in this category, out of 29 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 29 pages are in this category, out of 29 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Jacob Fortling – Jacob Fortling was a German-Danish sculptor, architect and manufacturer, described as one of the most industrious people in the Denmark of his day. He came to Denmark at age 18 and embarked on a career, first as a sculptor. He was also engaged in the production of building materials, owning several quaries in Norway, just outside Copenhagen, on Amagers east coast, he founded Kastrup Værk, a large industrial facility combining a lime plant, a brickyard and a pottery. Kastrupgård, his home, has been turned into an art museum. Fortling was born on 23 December 1711 in Bayreuthin present day Germany and he executed the Queens Staircase at Christiansborg Palace. In 1738 he received Danish citizenship and was in 1740 appointed Stone Carver to the Danish Court, in the 1740s he worked on Christiansborg Palace where his contributions included the Queens Staircase. He also created the main staircases for Ledreborg Palace and the Holstein Mansion in Copenhagen, at the naval base at Holmen, he created the Kings Gate. Fortling collaborated closely with both Lauritz de Thurah and Nicolai Eigtved, the two leading Danish architects of the time, and finally completed his training as an architect and he assimilated Eigtveds refined Rococo style and, after Eigtveds death in 1754, became de Thurahs right-hand man. In 1756, he was appointed Royal Building Inspector for Copenhagen, Zealand and Falster and, after de Thurahs death, he became Royal Building Master in 1760, Fortling also engaged in the production of building materials. In search of quality stone, he made two journeys to Norway which was ruled by the Danish King and supplied many of the minerals used in the building industry in Denmark at that time. In 1744 he acquired royal privileges for two quarries, one at Akershus and one at Lier, extracting marble and from 1849 also talc, in 1759 he also established a quarry at Trondheim. He soon diversified with a brickyard and a pottery specializing in faience at the same site, from 1749 to 1753, he also built Kastrupgåtf in the same area, a large country house and agricultural estate where he took up residence when it was completed. His business enterprises also included a distillery and a brewery
2. Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark – Prince Henrik of Denmark, is the husband of Queen Margrethe II. Henrik married Margrethe at the Naval Church of Copenhagen on 10 June 1967 and became her consort when she succeeded her father, King Frederick IX, the couple have two sons, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim. On 14 April 2016 Prince Henrik renounced the title of Prince Consort, Henrik was born in Talence, Gironde, France. He spent his first five years in Hanoi, where his father looked after business interests. He returned to Hanoi in 1950, graduating from the French secondary school there in 1952, between 1952 and 1957 he simultaneously studied law and political science at the Sorbonne, Paris, and Chinese and Vietnamese at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales. He also studied in Hong Kong in 1957 and Saigon in 1958, on 10 June 1967 he married Princess Margrethe, the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. At the time of the wedding his name was Danicised to Henrik, before the wedding, the Prince converted to Lutheranism. Princess Josephine, born on 8 January 2011 at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen Prince Joachim, Princess Athena, born on 24 January 2012 at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen. Prince Henriks native language is French, and his language is Danish. He also speaks fluent English, Chinese, and Vietnamese, although he quickly learned Danish after marrying Margrethe, Danes still joke about his grasp of Danish and his thick French accent. In 2002, Henrik left Denmark and went to stay at the couples Château de Caïx in Cahors in southern France. The cause of his departure from Denmark was a New Years Day reception in which his son, Henrik felt pushed aside, degraded and humiliated by being relegated to third place in the royal hierarchy. For many years I have been Denmarks number two, he said, ive been satisfied with that role, but I dont want to be relegated to number three after so many years. Henrik fled Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family, Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet her husband. Henrik stressed that neither his wife nor son were to blame for the incident, the Prince Consort spent three weeks in Caix, and did not appear with his wife as expected at the wedding of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, and Máxima Zorreguieta. After three weeks, Henrik returned to Denmark, the Queens private secretary Henning Fode commented, The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, and it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do. It is a joy for me that his French roots will also be remembered. Although no announcement was made at time, Prince Christian does now include this part of his French grandfathers surnames among his hereditary titles
3. Ingrid of Sweden – Ingrid of Sweden was Queen consort of Denmark from 1947 until 1972 as the wife of King Frederick IX. Born into the House of Bernadotte, she was the daughter of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, in 1947, her husband became king on his fathers death. As queen, Ingrid reformed the traditions of Danish court life, abolished many old-fashioned customs at court, King Frederick IX died in 1972, and Ingrid was widowed at the age of 61. Her eldest daughter, Margrethe aged 31, became the new Queen and she was also an aunt of the present King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf. Her father was the eldest son of King Gustaf V of Sweden by his wife and her mother was a daughter of Queen Victorias third son Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn by his wife Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. She was baptised Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta in Slottskyrkan in Stockholm, the family lived in apartments in the Royal Palace in Stockholm, in a mansion at Ulriksdal, near the capital, and in a summer residence, Sofiero Castle in Scania in southern Sweden. In 1920, when Ingrid was just ten years old, her mother died from meningitis while in the month of her sixth pregnancy. Her father remarried Lady Louise Mountbatten three years later, Louise was a second cousin of Ingrids. Only a stillborn daughter resulted from her fathers second marriage, Ingrid was raised to a sense of duty and seriousness. She was well educated and interested in sports, especially horse-riding, skiing and she also got her drivers licence early. The question of Ingrids marriage was a hot topic of conversation in the 1920s and she was matched with various foreign royalties and was seen by some as a possible wife for the heir-apparent to the British throne, the Prince of Wales, who was her second cousin. Her mother, Margaret of Connaught, and the then-Prince of Wales father, King George V, were first cousins, in 1928, Ingrid met the Prince of Wales in London. On 15 March 1935, shortly before her 25th birthday, she was engaged to Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and they were related in several ways. As descendants of Oscar I of Sweden, they were third cousins, through Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were third cousins. And finally through Paul I of Russia, Frederick was a cousin of Ingrids mother. They married in Stockholm Cathedral on 24 May 1935, among the wedding guests were the King and Queen of Denmark, the King and Queen of Belgium and the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway. Her wedding was one of the greatest media events of the day in Sweden in 1935, Ingrid also appeared on the radio in 1935 and read a poem, something which was also given much attention. While she was Crown Princess, she was the patron of the Girl Guides, after having taken, and passed
4. Heinrich Carl von Schimmelmann – Heinrich Carl von Schimmelmann was a German-born Danish nobleman, merchant and statesman. His father was a merchant in Demmin, since education was scarce, it was von Schimmelmanns force of personality that brought him success, although his ways are still unclear. Von Schimmelmann started out as a merchant himself, learning the trade in Stettin, soon thereafter he set up a supplies store in Dresden. On 4 March 1747, at the age of 23, he married then 17-year-old Caroline Tugendreich Friedeborn, by 1755, von Schimmelmann was responsible for tariff collection in Kursachsen. This enabled him to control of deliveries to the Prussian army during King Frederick the Greats Seven Years War against Saxony. After having made his fortune in war, von Schimmelmann moved to Hamburg in 1759, here, the head of the Danish government, Count von Bernstorff, realized how von Schimmelmanns talents as a merchant could benefit the state of Denmark during those times of financial duress. Von Schimmelmann on his own part benefited from the connection with the Danish government both due to Denmarks neutrality being beneficial for trade, and for reasons of prestige and he was also appointed Baron and received the Order of the Dannebrog. Denmark had tried to get funds through seignorage, but this destabilized both the state and the banks responsible, lacking men of financial capacity, Schimmelmanns talents and reputation was utilized to get favorable loans from abroad to keep the Danish state and financial system afloat. In the years 1762-1765, Schimmelmann continued his work of securing the Danish government, to better the states finances, Heinrich Carl von Schimmelmann decided on an extraordinary poll tax in September 1762. It would have been too difficult at the time to create an income tax. However, it secured the state finances and stabilized the financial markets, an advisory board was created in December 1762 with von Schimmelmann as a member, through which he became de facto administrator of Denmarks taxes and deficit. With short interruptions, this influence over the states continued until his death. During the Amsterdam banking crisis of 1763 Schimmelmann visited Amsterdam and he left after a few days, but came back within a few weeks. The plantations used slave labor from the Danish trading stations in present-day Ghana, through the work of von Schimmelmanns son Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann among others, slave trade was banned in 1792. Schimmelmann also bought the Hammermøllen rifle factory north of Helsingør from the government for 70.000 Rigsdaler in 1768, however, the goal of his public endeavors was mostly the development of foreign trade. When Schimmelmann sought after a surplus, he thought it was especially important for a country like Denmark. Through trade, one could avoid a weakening of the currency compared to other countries, besides, the development of trade would improve domestic wealth and thus also the tax revenue and state finances. This, among other factors, led to the formation of the Danish East India Company, Schimmelmann wanted to further this by establishing a free port in Copenhagen, which probably would have been accomplished had it not been for the influence of Johann Friedrich Struensee
5. Stephan Sinding – Stephan Abel Sinding was a Norwegian-Danish sculptor. He moved to Copenhagen in 1883 and had his breakthrough the same year, in 1890 he obtained Danish citizenship. In 1910 he settled in Paris where he lived and worked until his death in 1922, stephan Abel Sinding was born in Trondhjem as a son of mining engineer Matthias Wilhelm Sinding and Cecilie Marie Mejdell. Stephan Sinding was also a first cousin of Alfred Sinding-Larsen and the three siblings Ernst Anton Henrik Sinding, Elisabeth Sinding and Gustav Adolf Sinding, Sinding first embarked on law studies in Christiania but broke off to instead pursue a career in the arts. He took drawing and modeling classes first at the Royal School of Drawing in Christiania, Sinding spent his adult life working in different places mostly Rome, Copenhagen, and finally Paris. From 1874 to 1875 he studied in Paris and picked up influences from the latest Realist tendencies in French sculptures, especially from Auguste Rodin, Sinding was met with poor recognition from the Norwegian public since his style was considered too modern. Many of Sindings sculptures are credited to realism, but together with Danish sculptor Niels Hansen Jacobsen, an example of his symbolic work is his sculpture Valkyrjen, a bronze cast of which stands in Churchill Park in Copenhagen. Sinding became a professor and taught private students in Copenhagen. In 1910 Sinding moved to Paris, where he worked until his death, assisted by Franz von Jessen, Sinding wrote an autobiography entitled En Billedhuggers Liv. He died in January 1922 in Paris, and was buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery, in May 1885 in Frederiksberg he married actress Anna Elga Augusta Betzonich
6. Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark – Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, R. E. is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark. Frederik is the apparent to the throne of Denmark, which means that should Frederik inherit the throne. The couple met at the Slip Inn, a pub in Sydney when the prince was visiting Australia during the 2000 Summer Olympics and her paternal grandfather was Captain Peter Donaldson. Mary was named after her grandmothers, Mary Dalgleish and Elizabeth Gibson Melrose and her mother died on 20 November 1997. In 2001, her married the British author and novelist Susan Horwood. Donaldson was born and raised in Hobart, Australia, during her childhood, she was involved in sports and other extracurricular activities both at school and elsewhere. She studied music – playing piano, flute, and clarinet – and played basketball, in 1974, Donaldson started schooling in Clear Lake City Elementary School in Houston, Texas and moved to Sandy Bay, Tasmania from 1975 to 1977. Her primary education, from 1978 to 1983, was at Waimea Heights with her secondary schooling being at Taroona High School, Donaldson studied at the University of Tasmania from 1990 to 1994, graduating with a combined Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws degree on 27 May 1995. The crown princess native language is English and she studied French during her secondary education. In 2002, she worked as an English tutor in Paris. After meeting Frederik at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney and she worked for Australian and global advertising agencies after graduating in 1995. Upon graduation Mary moved to Melbourne to work in advertising and she became a trainee in marketing and communications with the Melbourne office of DDB Needham, taking a position of account executive. In 1996, Mary was employed by Mojo Partners as an account manager, in 1998, six months after her mothers death, she resigned and travelled to America and Europe. In June 2000, she moved to a smaller Australian agency, however, in the spring of 2000 until December 2001, she became sales director and a member of the management team of Belle Property, a real estate firm specialising in luxury property. Mary Donaldson met Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Summer Olympics on 16 September in Sydney and he was not identified by her friends as the Crown Prince of Denmark until after they met. They conducted a long-distance relationship by phone, email and letter, on 15 November 2001 the Danish weekly magazine Billed Bladet named Mary as Frederiks girlfriend. She then moved from Australia to Denmark in December 2001, while she was working as an English tutor in Paris. On 24 September 2003 the Danish court announced that Queen Margrethe II intended to give her consent to the marriage at the State Council meeting scheduled for 8 October 2003
7. Constantin Brun – Johan Christian Constantin Brun was a German-Danish merchant. At the time of his death in 1836, Brun was one of the wealthiest persons in Denmark and he was married to Friederike Brun, a writer and prominent salonist during the Danish Golden Age. Constantin Brun was born into a family on 27 November 1746 in Rostock. On 16 October 1777, Brun received an appointment as Danish Consul, there he met his future wife, Friederike, for the first time when he visited her father, Balthasar Münter, who was a priest at the St. Peters Church, Copenhagen. He was immediately struck by the girl, and in the winter of 1782/83 he returned to Copenhagen. Brun accepted, settled in Copenhagen and proposed to Friederikke Münter, under Brun, Danish trade on the West Indies passed over from the Danish West India Company to the state. During the following decades, the trade flourished, assisted by Denmarks neutrality in the European wars which raged at the time, Brun also ran his own private business and over the years built a colossal fortune. In 1788-99 the Danish Government send Brun on a mission to Russia. Brun also owned large estates and prominent homes. In 1790 he bought Sophienholm in Lyngby as a summer residence supplementing his town mansion in Copenhagen, from 1800 to 1805 he had it extended and redesigned to its present-day appearance with the assistance of the French architect Joseph-Jacques Ramée. He imported several families from Switzerland and established a production of Swiss cheese which was exported to oversea markets. He also marketed chopping and threshing machines, in 1810 Brun bought Krogerup Manor for his sons. The estate stayed in the Brun family until 1939 and his wife, Friederike Brun, was a writer and played host to many prominent Danish artists and intellectuals of her day. Particularly her salons at Sophienholm enjoyed great popularity and she also socialized and kept up a correspondence with many leading cultural figures around Europe. Constantin Brun humself took no interest in activities, routinely referring to them as poetic madness. His parsimonious reputation is reflected in his comment that he saw the moon as a time counter and he found Friederikes social habits extravagant, but she always got her way, and he was obviously flattered by the fact that it was his wealth which made it all possible. Carl Friedrich Balthasar Brun, Chamberlain Charlotte Brun Augusta Brun Adelaide Caroline Johanne Brun Sophienholm
8. Ingvar Cronhammar – Ingvar Cronhammar is a Swedish-Danish sculptor who has lived in Denmark since 1965. He has gained a place in Danish art with his dark monumental works. Born in Hässleholm in the south of Sweden, he moved to Denmark in 1965 where he studied at the Jutland Art Academy in Aarhus from 1967 to 1971. Until the early 1980s, inspired by art from America, his spectacular works revealed his fascination with conflict and provocation. An early example was Koncert for en hjemmeværnsmand featuring live chickens with lamps strapped to their backs, in 1979, he presented chairs draped with pigskin and a parasol with swastikas. Over the years, his works have become larger, often with a sacred look, simultaneously inducing fascination. The Gate presents an infernal machine of steel, sound, light and movement, the direct confrontation of work and nature is also apparent in his gigantic Elia in Herning, conceived as a fire-spitting temple of dark steel. His fascination with machines also produced works with animal bones, bird wings and skin, juxtaposing nature with culture, cronhammer stands alone in Danish culture with his huge monumental, machine-like works which he has created with dark materials such as mahogany, steel and rubber. They can be both in museums and as public works across the country. The Herning Museum of Contemporary Art exhibits a collection of his works. In 1993, Cronhammar was awarded the Eckersberg Medal and, in 2003 and he was decorated a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog in 2007. Ingvar Cronhammar, et udvalg af billeder, the Silence, A Narration about Ingvar Cronhammar. Ingvar Cronhammars website Comprehensive list of Cronhammars works from KunstOnline Illustrated portrait of Ingvar Cronhammar from KunstOnline
9. Nils Middelboe – Nils Middelboe was a Danish amateur athlete and football player as well as a football referee and leader. He represented the Denmark national football team at the 1908,1912 and 1920 Summer Olympics and he was the first ever goalscorer for the Danish national football team, when he scored in Denmarks debut game at the 1908 Summer Olympics. In 1913, he moved abroad to play for English club Chelsea F. C. Middelboe was an amateur footballer throughout his career. He was a lawyer and during his time at Chelsea he was employed at a bank in London. He would have gained thrice the salary as solely a professional footballer than he did as a banker-cum-amateur footballer, so as not to interfere with his career, Middelboe played in all home games, but was not required to travel to away games while at Chelsea. Middelboe was a man of great height for his time, which led to the media naming him The Great Dane and he was also well respected as a gentleman of the game. Middelboe made his debut for Kjøbenhavns Boldklub in 1903, at the age of 16. At KB, he played alongside his older brothers Einar Middelboe and Kristian Middelboe, from 1904 to 1913 Nils won five KBU football championships with KB, while he also excelled in athletics competitions. He was a Danish triple jump and 4 x 100 metres relay champion, occupying the half-back role, he won silver medals with Denmark in both the 1908 and 1912 Olympic Games, the latter as captain of the side. His goal against France in 1908 was the first ever scored by an official national team in Olympic football. Middelboe won his 11th cap for Denmark in a friendly against Sweden, in all, he played 15 games and scored 7 goals for the Danish national team from 1908 to 1920. Interestingly, the three times Middelboe played for his country while at Chelsea, he always represented KB, as opposed to Chelsea, Nils Middelboe is renowned as the first non-British international to play for Chelsea, during his stint at the club between 1913 and 1923. Originally he had signed for Newcastle, however with the permission of the Newcastle Director and he made his debut on 15 November 1913 against Derby at Stamford Bridge - a 2-1 win for Chelsea. As a show of faith from the players, he was appointed captain - despite never having played for the Chelsea first team. In all, he played 175 matches for Chelsea until 1923, after his days at Chelsea, he played for the amateur sides of Corinthian F. C. and Casuals F. C. until 1926. In 1929 he was appointed a Director of the English League Division Three south East London based side Clapton Orient and he returned to Denmark in 1936. It was through Middelboes contacts in English football, that English coach Edward Magner was hired to coach the Danish national team in 1939. As an interpreter, Middelboe mediated Magners tactical instructions on the modern WM formation to the team, as a coach for KB, he led the team to the Danish football championship in 1940