Category:Naval battles of Operation Enduring Freedom
Pages in category "Naval battles of Operation Enduring Freedom"
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Maersk Alabama hijacking – The Maersk Alabama hijacking was a series of maritime events that began with four pirates in the Indian Ocean seizing the cargo ship MV Maersk Alabama 240 nautical miles southeast of Eyl, Somalia. The siege ended after an effort by the U. S. Navy on 12 April 2009. It was the first successful pirate seizure of a ship registered under the American flag since the early 19th century, many news reports referenced the last pirate seizure as being during the Second Barbary War in 1815, although other incidents had occurred as late as 1821. It was the vessel in a week to be attacked by pirates who had previously extorted ransoms in the tens of millions of dollars. The hijacking also inspired the 2013 film Captain Phillips, the ship, originating from Salalah, Oman was bound for Mombasa, Kenya after a stop in Djibouti with a crew of 23, loaded with 17,000 metric tons of cargo. On 8 April 2009, four based on FV Win Far 161 attacked the ship. All four of the pirates were between 17 and 19 years old, according to U. S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, the crew members of Maersk Alabama had received anti-piracy training from union training schools, and had drilled aboard the ship a day previously. Their training included the use of arms, anti-terror, basic safety, first aid. As the pirates approached, the crew fired flares. In addition, Perry and 1st A/E Matt Fisher swung the ships rudder, Perry had initially taken main engine control away from the bridge and 1st A/E Matt Fisher had taken control of the steering gear. Perry then shut down all systems and the entire vessel went black. The pirates captured Captain Richard Phillips and several crew members minutes after boarding. Perry tackled the ringleader of the pirates and took him prisoner after a chase in a darkened engine room. Pirate ringleader Abduwali Muse cut his hand trying to keep Perrys knife away from his neck, the pirate was then tied up and his wounds were treated by Second Mate Ken Quinn. Captain Phillips escorted the pirates to a lifeboat to them how to operate it. The ships reached Maersk Alabama early on 9 April, Maersk Alabama was then escorted from the scene to its original destination of Mombasa where Captain Larry D. Aasheim took command of the ship. Phillips had relieved Aasheim nine days earlier, CNN and Fox News quoted sources stating that the pirates strategy was to await the arrival of additional hijacked vessels carrying more pirates and additional hostages to use as human shields. A stand-off began on 9 April between Bainbridge, Halyburton, and the lifeboat from Maersk Alabama, on which they held Phillips hostage
2. Action of 28 October 2007 – The Action of 28 October 2007 was part of Operation Enduring Freedom, the military operation defined by the United States for combating terrorism in the Horn of Africa. The incident occurred when United States Navy units acted to interdict piracy in the region, after a decrease in piracy in the first half of 2007, Somali pirates rebounded and again started to increase their attacks on shipping off the coast of Somalia. On 28 October 2007, pirates hijacked the Japanese tanker the MV Golden Nori, after receiving a distress call, the USS Porter, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, arrived at the scene and attacked and sank two skiffs being towed by the tanker. The tankers owner and operator, Dorval Kaiun Shipping, reported that its cargo consisted of four kinds of chemicals, the United States Fifth Fleet spokesperson, Lydia Roberts, stated, we were aware of what was on the ship when we fired. As the hijacked tanker continued underway, the Porters sister ship USS Arleigh Burke received authorization from Somali authorities to pursue it and this is the first incident of Somali piracy where the United States Navy was given permission for pursuit within Somali territorial waters. The Navy continued to shadow the vessel through October and November,2007, one of the crewmembers escaped from the ship and made it to safety, angering the pirates and complicating the situation even further. In November negotiations started for the release, but by 4 December the Golden Nori had been cornered in the port of Bosasso by two American and one German ship. Coalition forces called on the pirates to surrender, threatening them with force if the standoff continued. The pirates in return demanded one million dollars in ransom or else they would kill all 21 members of the crew, on 12 December, the pirates left the vessel for the coast and set the crew free. It is still unclear if the pirates received their demanded ransom, another hijacking in the same region occurred late on 29 October when gunmen attacked the North Korean freighter Dai Hong Dan. A helicopter from the USS James E. Williams, responding to a report of a hijacking, flew over the freighter on 30 October. The freighters crew subsequently overwhelmed the gunmen, killing one and detaining the rest, with the permission of the freighters crew, US Navy forces boarded the freighter to treat the wounded, which included three crewmen and three pirates. This hijacking may not have been the work of indiscriminate area pirates, Dai Hong Dan incident After the release of the Golden Nori, the US Navy started pressuring pirates on other vessels to release their captives and flee. Not too long after the release of the Golden Nori all other vessels were released, some of the pirates fled without taking any ransoms, but it appears that others were indeed given ransom payments before leaving the ships they had taken. American ships escorted the vessels out of Somali waters and provided assistance to the crews of those vessels. All vessels were freed and no vessel was captured by pirates for a matter of months after the release of the Golden Nori, allowing for a short period of peace along the coast
3. Operation Dawn of Gulf of Aden – Operation Dawn of Gulf of Aden was a naval operation by the Republic of Korea Navy against Somali pirates in the Arabian Sea. The operation was spurred by the seizure of the South Korean chemical tanker Samho Jewelry. In response, the South Korean government sent a destroyer and 30 naval commandos to retake the ship, tanker captain Seok Hae-gyun changed the ships course to keep in international waters as long as possible. The pirates eventually seized the tanker and used it as a base from which to launch attacks on other ships, however, the Norwegian government had no military presence in the area at the time. Eight South Koreans, eleven Burmese, and two Indonesians were among the 21 crewmembers being held hostage, on January 16, South Korean president Lee Myung-bak issued an order to comprehensively deal with the crisis. The Chungmugong Yi Sun-shin-class destroyer ROKS Choi Young was dispatched under Captain Cho Young-joo, the unit included members of the Republic of Korea Navy Special Warfare Flotilla. The 30 commandos aboard the Choi Young could be deployed with several small boats, additionally, warships from the United States and Omani navies were nearby. In contrast, the pirates were outnumbered with only 17 men aboard the tanker and they were also outgunned by the Koreans, possessing only assault rifles and rocket propelled grenades. Once the Choi Young caught up with the Samho Jewelry, it pursued the tanker until the pirates aboard were fatigued, several fake attacks were staged to further wear down the pirate crew. Communications jamming was utilized to prevent the pirates from calling for assistance, on January 18, the pirates aboard the Samho Jewelry sighted a Mongolian cargo vessel about 11 km away. Four of the pirates embarked on a motorboat to hijack it. With only thirteen pirates remaining behind, a group of ten commandos from the Choi Young attempted to approach the Samho Jewelry in a speedboat, however, three of the commandos were injured in the ensuing firefight and the speedboat returned to the destroyer. A Westland Lynx helicopter was sent after the hijackers in the heading towards the Mongolian ship. All four of the pirates from that confrontation were either killed or disappeared overboard, after the Mongolian vessel was able to proceed safely, the crew of the Choi Young recovered the remnants of the hijackers motorboat. Three rusty AK-47 rifles and a magazine were retrieved, along with three small iron ladders for boarding and various tools, including a screwdriver, a spanner. As the pirates had only six AK-47 rifles in total and three of them had now been confiscated, they had lost half of their firearms and about a quarter of their personnel. The boarding of the Samho Jewelry began on January 21 at 04,58 local time, while Navy commandos used three fast boats to reach the tanker, the helicopter from the Choi Young fired warning shots at the tanker. The U. S. Navy destroyer USS Shoup also assisted in the operation by evacuating the wounded captain via helicopter after the firefight had ended
4. Operation Enduring Freedom – Operation Enduring Freedom comprises several subordinate operations, Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan, lasted from October 2001 to 31 December 2014. Government used the term Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan to officially describe the War in Afghanistan, continued operations in Afghanistan by the United States military forces, both non-combat and combat, now occur under the name Operation Freedoms Sentinel. In September 2001, U. S. President George W, the term OEF-A typically refers to the phase of the War in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014. Other operations, such as the Georgia Train and Equip Program, are loosely or nominally connected. All the operations, however, have a focus on counterterrorism activities, Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan, which was a joint U. S. U. K. and Afghan operation, was separate from the International Security Assistance Force, which was an operation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization nations including the U. S. and the U. K. The two operations ran in parallel, although it had suggested that they merge. S. and British ships. The initial military objectives of OEF-A, as articulated by President George W, of those groups included are Abu Sayyaf Group, al-Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiyah. The operation consisted of training the AFP in counter-terrorist operations as well as supporting the people with humanitarian aid in Operation Smiles. In October 2002, the Combined Task Force 150 and United States military Special Forces established themselves in Djibouti at Camp Lemonnier, the stated goals of the operation were to provide humanitarian aid and patrol the Horn of Africa to reduce the abilities of terrorist organizations in the region. The military aspect involves coalition forces searching and boarding ships entering the region for illegal cargo as well as providing training, the humanitarian aspect involves building schools, clinics and water wells to enforce the confidence of the local people. Since 2001, the expenditure by the U. S. government on Operation Enduring Freedom has exceeded $150 billion. The operation continues, with military direction mostly coming from United States Central Command, seizing upon a power vacuum after the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan after their invasion, the Taliban assumed the role of government from 1996–2001. Their extreme interpretation of Islamic law prompted them to ban music, television, sports, and dancing, amputation was an accepted form of punishment for stealing, and public executions could often be seen at the Kabul football stadium. Womens rights groups around the world were frequently critical as the Taliban banned women from appearing in public or holding many jobs outside the home and they drew further criticism when they destroyed the Buddhas of Bamyan, historical statues nearly 1500 years old, because the Buddhas were considered idols. In 1996, Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden moved to Afghanistan upon the invitation of the Northern Alliance leader Abdur Rabb ur Rasool Sayyaf, when the Taliban came to power, bin Laden was able to forge an alliance between the Taliban and his al-Qaeda organization. It is understood that al-Qaeda-trained fighters known as the 055 Brigade were integrated with the Taliban army between 1997 and 2001 and it has been suggested that the Taliban and bin Laden had very close connections. On 20 September 2001, the U. S. stated that Osama bin Laden was behind the 11 September attacks in 2001, the US made a five-point ultimatum to the Taliban, Deliver to the U. S
5. Action of 1 April 2010 – The frigate USS Nicholas was attacked by small arms from a pirate skiff while steaming off the coast of Kenya and the islands of Seychelles. Nicholas returned fire with a 50-caliber deck gun and disabled the vessel, commander Mark Kesselring ordered the skiff sunk and proceeded to attack the nearby pirate mother ship from which the skiff was operating. After a chase the mothership was captured and two pirates were taken into United States Navy custody. The pirate mothership was likely a small steam powered vessel fitted out as a trawler which are regularly used by Somali pirates. The ship was confiscated by the Americans according to reports and pirates were put in Nicholas brig. That same day, the destroyer USS Farragut, as flagship of Combined Task Force 151, was involved in an attack on a Sierra Leone flagged tanker. The incident also occurred in waters north-west of the Seychelles, Evita was fired on by three skiffs but was able to escape and increase speed and due to her crew who shot flares at the rifle and RPG-armed pirates. The attack was reported to the nearby USS Farragut who arrived in the battle area, the vessels were boarded by American personnel and a SH-60B Seahawk covered the mission from the air. The pirate mother skiff was later on by gunfire or explosives and after the pirates were stripped of their means to commit piracy. Eleven pirates were captured in total, several fuel drums and grappling hooks were found aboard the boats. The pirate weapons, ammunition and other equipment such as ladders were thrown overboard by the Americans before the pirates were captured. Nobody is believed to have been injured during the engagements, the captured pirates from the first incident were detained by the United States Navy until it was determined that they would be transferred to the United States to stand trial for piracy. After capture, the pirates were identified as Mohammed Modin Hasan, Gabul Abdullahi Ali, Abdi Wali Dire, Abdi Mohammed Gurewardher, the five pirates, were put in the custody of the United States Marshal Service and charged with a variety of piracy and weapons related charges. The pirates were charged and tried in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia in Norfolk, Virginia where they were convicted and sentenced to serve in prison for life
6. Action of 11 November 2008 – The Action of 11 November 2008 was a naval engagement fought off Somalia between pirates and British forces. Russia has stated that its forces fought off the pirates also, the incident took place 60 nautical miles south of the Yemeni coast, in the Gulf of Aden, and the engagement is a part of Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa. When the Royal Navy ship HMS Cumberland attempted to board a Somali pirate dhow with twelve pirates on board, after a brief shoot-out with the Royal Marines, two pirates were killed and the dhow was captured by Cumberland. The Times has described the incident as the first time the Royal Navy had been engaged in a fatal shoot-out on the seas in living memory. Russia Today has reported that the incident was the first time Russian forces have moved against Somali pirates, as of 11 November 2008,32 ships had been hijacked in the Gulf of Aden by pirates. The Gulf of Aden has been described as a stretch for ships. To protect commercial vessels off the coast of Somalia, a task force was deployed to the area. On 11 November pirates on board a dhow attacked MV Powerful, however, Russian involvement in preventing the pirates from capturing the Powerful has been disputed by the Royal Navy. Later that day, Cumberland detected the dhow, which was towing a skiff, the Royal Marines unit on board Cumberland was dispatched in Rigid Raider craft towards the dhow. The Marines then proceeded to circle the dhow, which had on board 12 men armed with rocket launchers and machine guns, the pirates opened fire on them, but no casualties were sustained by the Marines. Returning fire, the Marines killed two Somalis, the pirates subsequently surrendered, and the Marines boarded the dhow. The Royal Navy described the boarding itself as compliant, on board the dhow was a Yemeni male who, despite receiving emergency treatment, died from his injuries. The British Ministry of Defence reported that it was unclear as to whether the injuries were the result of the gunfight. The incident, according to The Times, signalled a new policy of maximum robustness for the Royal Navy on the high seas, the remaining eight men who had been captured on board the dhow were handed over by Cumberland to Kenyan authorities on November 18
7. Action of 7 September 2009 – The boat was disabled by gunfire, and one suspect from her crew was killed. Four individuals were captured and weaponry confiscated and eventually destroyed, Brandenburg began her mission on 29 June 2009, under the command of Fregattenkapitän Torsten Ites. In August, she assisted the crew of the container ship Hansa Stavanger when the vessel was released at Mombasa, Kenya, on 7 September Brandenburg launched a Sea Lynx helicopter to perform a reconnaissance mission on a suspected skiff just south of Mukalla, Yemen. The Sea Lynx closed on and filmed five suspects on board the vessel throwing ladders, the skiff was ordered to stop, but apparently refused to do so. An interpreter tried to convince the crew to stop, but to no avail, then Brandenburg fired warning shots across her bow. As the boat continue undeterred, it was known that the headquarters of Operation Atalanta authorized the German frigate to disable the skiff by gunfire. After the vessel was neutralized, a German Navy team from a Rigid-hulled inflatable boat took control of the crew, one of the suspects was injured by gunfire during the incident, and later died of his wounds onboard Brandenburg while receiving medical treatment. This was the first fatality caused by the Bundeswehr in the course of Operation Atalanta, the weaponry found on board the skiff was later destroyed. The German Navy eventually released the four surviving suspects, the body of the suspect killed in the action was handed back to his relatives in Somalia by the International Red Cross. The Bundeswehr decided not to extradite the men to Kenya after being advised by Operation Atalanta’s headquarters that the conviction after the trial was not granted. At the time there was a deal with Kenya to judge in that any act of piracy committed in the Indian Ocean. Therefore, as the attack did not affect German interests, the crewmembers were left in a craft within sight of the Somali coast
8. Action of 18 March 2006 – The Action of 18 March 2006 occurred when two United States naval vessels were attacked by pirates. The U. S. ships were part of Combined Task Force 150, by 2006 the lack of any government-controlled naval authority along the Somali coast was taking its toll. Pirate gangs controlled by local warlords started to capture passing merchant ships in an attempt to gain funding by ransoming the ships, as the raids became successful, the pirates became bolder. They began seizing UN aid ships, and even attacked a cruise liner attempting to capture it for ransom, the U. S. and Coalition vessels from Combined Task Force 150 began actively pursuing pirate vessels in an attempt to deter the attacks. On 18 March the destroyer USS Gonzalez intercepted a suspicious ship, USS Gonzalez first noticed the common pirate profile of a diesel boat towing smaller skiffs and, with USS Cape St. George closing from 40 miles away, trailed the suspects until dawn. Shortly before sunrise, the two American ships each sent a pair of rigid-hulled inflatable boats with specially trained boarding teams to investigate, the boats boarding attempt was aborted when the pirates opened fire on them from extremely short range, and they returned fire and withdrew. The pirates chased the team, then opened fire upon the Navy ships with RPGs. Too close for major systems, the two American ships returned fire with small caliber guns. The larger pirate skiff was soon set on fire by a.50 Caliber tracer round fired from the USS Gonzalez hitting and setting ablaze a 55-gallon fuel drum, and burned to the waterline. The two small skiffs were engaged and surrendered to USS Cape St. George upon seeing the larger skiff with all their fuel in flames, by the time the action was over at least one pirate was killed, and 12 pirates were captured. A spokesman for the Somali pirate militia in Hardhere claimed there were 27 pirates that had gone to sea to act as coastguardsmen for the largely lawless state, Cape St. George received minor superficial damage but no US forces were injured. After the action was over, a Dutch fast-combat support ship, HNLMS Amsterdam, provided assistance to the wounded
9. Action of 3 June 2007 – The Action of 3 June 2007 occurred after a United States Navy dock landing ship attacked pirates hijacking a freighter. The rise of the Islamic Courts Union in Somalia had stopped the spread of piracy in the region with its following of strict Islamic law punishing pirates harshly. When the Ethiopian and Somali government forces overran the ICU, a lack of strict enforcement allowed the pirates to rebound, USS Carter Hall responded to a distress call after the capture of the Danish ship Danica White by pirates. Three pirate skiffs had boarded and seized the vessel, Carter Hall ordered the pirates to cease and desist but was ignored. She then began to fire warning shots with small arms across the bow of Danica White to no avail, the pirates merely continued on their course and ignored the US Naval vessel. Carter Hall then opened fire upon the pirate skiffs using her 25 mm cannon as well as smaller caliber guns, after much negotiation the pirates finally released the ship and crew to the French vessels Commandant Blaison and La Motte-Picquet on 22 August 2007. The pirates had demanded 1.5 million dollars ransom in exchange for the release, the crew returned home safely to Denmark on the twenty-eighth after 83 days of captivity. Navy, U. S. ship fired at pirates off Somalia, U. S. warship cant stop pirates off Somalia. Coalition Forces Provide Assistance to M/V Danica White, Danish crew of ship hijacked in Somalia returns home
10. Action of 23 March 2010 – The Action of 23 March 2010 was an attack by Somali pirates on a Panamanian-flagged merchant vessel and the subsequent capture of the pirates by the Spanish Navy. The encounter happened off the coast of Somalia and ended with the death of one pirate, the MV Almezaan had already been attacked and captured twice by Somali pirates over the past few years. In both incidents, ransoms were paid and the freighter was released, after the second attack, the operators of the ship hired a security team to protect the vessel from the pirates. While sailing off Somalia towards Mogadishu in the Indian Ocean on Tuesday,25 March 2010, the pirates advanced towards the ship, firing AK-47s and rocket-propelled grenades. As the pirates closed in on their target, the Almezaans security detachment responded, little is known but the security force of a few men armed with small arms fired on the attacking skiffs which temporarily forced them back. One pirate was killed and one skiff sustained several small caliber bullet holes, the pirates then attacked again but the merchant vessel was apparently able to slip away. After the attack on the freighter, the pirates began to flee, the successful defense of the freighter and the death of a pirate by the security team was the first known engagement of its type to have occurred according to news reports. Almezaans master reported the incident over the radio to the naval presence in the region. The helicopter approached the vessels and fired a few warning shots, the skiffs were captured and contained seven pirates, one of whom was the man the security team had killed. The Spanish also observed several of the gunshots in the side of the skiff, the sailors returned to their frigate and the mother ship was sunk by naval gunfire. The six living pirates were detained but later released by the Spanish Navy, the pirates were freed due to the crew of Almezaan who refused to testify against their attackers, possibly fearing reprisal. 25 March 2010 Pirate dies as ships guards repel attack off Somalia,24 March 2010 Retrieved 24 March 2010
11. MV Beluga Nomination incident – The MV Beluga Nomination incident refers to the capture and attempted liberation of a German freighter from Somali Pirates by the Seychelles Coast Guard and Royal Danish Navy in January 2011. Her crew consisted of men with a Polish captain, two Ukrainian, two Russian and seven Filipino sailors. The incident began on 22 January when pirates in a skiff, from the mother ship MV York. Automatic weapons fire erupted when the Somalis boarded the freighter, at time the crew of twelve men sent out a distress call. The pirates were armed and well prepared. A blow torch was brought along and for hours the Somalis welded their way into the citadel while sailing for the African mainland. Four days later on 26 January, the boat was the first of the two allied ships to find the Beluga Nomination, which was around 300 miles of the Somali coast. A skirmish ensued as boarding parties attempted to retake the freighter while under cover from small naval guns, the pirates used small arms and rocket propelled grenades, and ultimately the Seychellois were repelled in their attempts at boarding though they killed one or two pirates. In the confusion, two of the Nominations crew, a Ukrainian and a Filipino, lowered a life boat and escaped by heading towards the HDMS Esbern Snare. The two were picked up in healthy condition and they reported that the Somalis killed two of their shipmates and two others were missing and presumed dead after they jumped overboard. The German government issued a statement saying that the two hostages were killed by the pirates or drowned at sea. When the Danish and the Seychellois realized they had failed the operation, they broke off the engagement, no casualties were reported other than that of the pirates and the civilians. The Nomination rendezvoused with the MV York on the following day, because of mechanical problems caused by battle damage, both ships then sailed for Somalia. In April the ship was released after her owners paid a large ransom. List of ships attacked by Somali pirates in 2011 Piracy in the Caribbean West Indies Anti-Piracy Operations of the United States