The Lick Observatory is an astronomical observatory and operated by the University of California. It is situated on the summit of Mount Hamilton, in the Diablo Range just east of San Jose, California, US. The observatory is managed by the University of California Observatories, with headquarters on the University of California, Santa Cruz, Lick Observatory is the worlds first permanently occupied mountain-top observatory. The observatory, in a Classical Revival style structure, was constructed between 1876 and 1887, from a bequest from James Lick of $700,000, Lick additionally requested that Santa Clara County construct a first-class road to the summit, completed in 1876. Lick chose John Wright, of San Franciscos Wright & Sanders firm of architects, all of the construction materials had to be brought to the site by horse and mule-drawn wagons, which could not negotiate a steep grade. To keep the grade below 6. 5%, the road had to take a winding and sinuous path. Tradition maintains that this road has exactly 365 turns, the road is closed when there is snow at Lick Observatory.
The first telescope installed at the observatory was a 12-inch refractor made by Alvan Clark, astronomer E. E. Barnard used the telescope to make exquisite photographs of comets and nebulae, according to D. J. Warner of Warner & Swasey Company, Warner & Swasey designed and built the telescope mounting, with the 36-inch lens manufactured by one of the Clark sons, Alvan Graham. E. E. Barnard used the telescope in 1892 to discover a fifth moon of Jupiter and this was the first addition to Jupiters known moons since Galileo observed the planet through his parchment tube and spectacle lens. The telescope provided spectra for W. W. Campbells work on the velocities of stars. In May 1888, the observatory was turned over to the Regents of the University of California, edward Singleton Holden was the first director. When low cloud cover is present below the peak, light pollution is cut to almost nothing, on May 21,1939, during a nighttime fog that engulfed the summit, a U. S. Army Air Force Northrop A-17 two-seater attack plane crashed into the main building.
Because a scientific meeting was being held elsewhere, the staff member present was Nicholas Mayall. Nothing caught fire and the two individuals in the building were unharmed, the pilot of the plane, Lt. Richard F. Lorenz, and passenger Private W. E. Scott were killed instantly. The telephone line was broken by the crash, so no help could be called for at first, eventually help arrived together with numerous reporters and photographers, who kept arriving almost all night long. Evidence of their numbers could be seen the day by the litter of flash bulbs carpeting the parking lot. Perhaps more notable was the lack of fire or damage to a telescope dome, in 1950, the California state legislature appropriated funds for a 120-inch reflector telescope, which was completed in 1959
Banning House, known as the General Phineas Banning Residence Museum, is a historic Greek Revival-Victorian home in the Wilmington section of Los Angeles, California. Built in 1863 by Phineas Banning near the original San Pedro Bay, the home and gardens are now operated as a museum. Banning House was designed by Phineas Banning, and has described as one of the best examples of Greek Revival architecture in the west. It originally had 30 rooms, but some rooms have combined. The story goes, Strangely enough Banning repeated this warning over and over for three years until his mansion was completed in 1864. The house was a departure from the adobe haciendas that predominated in Southern California at the time and became a showplace, the house was reportedly the site of the first yachting party on the West Coast. Banning was reportedly fond of walking up the stairs of the house to his fourth floor cupola where he would watch the ships arriving with cargoes and he was elected to the California legislature in 1867 and 1869.
Banning lived in the house for more than 20 years until his death in 1885, Banning died at age 53 after being knocked down and run over by a passing express wagon while visiting San Francisco. After Phineas Banning died, Hancock Banning maintained the residence until his death in 1894, in 1927, the house and grounds were purchased by the City of Los Angeles to create a city park for the residents of Wilmington. In 1934, the Los Angeles Board of Park Commissioners proposed restoring the house, motion picture studios, including Twentieth-Century Fox, Warner Brothers and Paramount, contributed wallpapers to conform to the Civil War era. Following the restoration, the dedication took place in 1936 and was attended by Governor Frank Merriam, Senator William Gibbs McAdoo. It opened to the public in 1938, closed in 1941 at the start of World War II, the house is operated as the General Phineas Banning Residence Museum. In addition to the house and its furnishings, the museum includes a gallery with photographs depicting the history of the port, the Banning family.
The museum includes a display of 19th century stagecoaches located in the barn. The gardens include eucalyptus trees and large wisteria vines planted in the late 19th Century, the museum is open for docent-led tours Tuesday through Thursdays and Saturdays through Sundays, a $5 donation is requested for persons 12 years and older. Banning Park, including the Banning House and gardens, was designated California Historic Landmark in 1935, after the creation of the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission in 1962, the house became one of the earliest sites designated as a Banning Park in October 1963. It was the site in Los Angeles to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Library of Congress, General Phineas Banning Residence
Carnegie Art Museum (Oxnard, California)
It opened in 1907 as the Oxnard Public Library and was converted into an art museum. In July 1971, it became the first building in Ventura County to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the structure, resembling a Greek temple with Doric columns on three sides, was built from 1906-1907 as a Carnegie library. In July 1906, the city signed a contract with Thomas Carroll for $14,000 to build the dual-use facility, Carnegie agreed to pay half of the additional appropriation in addition to the original $10,000 gift. Oxnards first mayor, Richard Haydock, selected the Greek Neo-Classical architecture, the building opened on May 15,1907, and five years later, Oxnard could boast that its library had the largest circulation of any city of the sixth class in the State. In 1923, an addition was built on the east side of the library. The structure continued to serve as Oxnards city hall until 1949, in July 1971, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places, becoming the first site so designated in Ventura County.
It served as a facade for the Dan August television show starring Burt Reynolds in the early 1970s, in 1986, the building became the Carnegie Art Museum and operated by the City of Oxnard. The museum had 37,000 visitors in 2002 and it has hosted exhibitions by Southern California artists, including Michael Dvortcsak, Joyce Trieman, Frank Romero and Gronk. List of Registered Historic Places in Ventura County, California Carnegie Art Museum official site
California Hall is one of the original classical core Beaux-Arts-style Classical Revival buildings on the UC Berkeley campus. Construction began in 1903 under the lead of University Architect John Galen Howard after the adoption of the Phoebe Hearst master architectural plan for the Berkeley campus. The building opened in August,1905, in 1982, it was named to the National Register of Historic Places, and is designated as an architectural feature of California Historic Landmark no.946. In 1991, the Landmarks Preservation Committee of the City of Berkeley designated it Berkeley City Landmark no.147 and it currently houses the University of California Berkeley Chancellors Office and the Graduate Division. California Hall was one of the first buildings to be constructed upon adoption of the Hearst architectural plan, opened in 1905, it was built with a state appropriation of $250,000 and university funds of $19,000. It originally housed the central administration and the History, Political Economy.
In 1982, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places, in 1990 it was seismic renovated. The buildings frame is sheathed in reinforced concrete. The exterior is granite from the nearby Raymond quarries, chosen for its hardness, the granite was lined with brick. The roof is concrete-sheathed steel covered in Spanish mission tiles, reflecting Howards desire to create a uniquely Californian architectural style, the rooftop features skylights studded by copper finials. The original doors, window-casings and other features of the buildings interior architecture were made of solid oak. The floors were made of metal and concrete, and carpeted in cork. The entire building was wired for lighting, which was intended for use in the evenings. Light during the day was provided by windows and the skylights dotting the rooftop. The main entrance on the west side of the building opened to a lobby that had marble paneling in a wainscot fashion. The doors to the lecture room on the north end of the first floor were made of solid oak.
The lecture room had tiered seating that could hold 500 people, the room was intended for the university’s large History and Botany classes, which were difficult to accommodate previously due to a lack of adequate indoor space on the campus. Behind the speaker’s platform was a door that allowed the speaker, to the south of the large lecture hall were classrooms and faculty offices, uniformly painted ivory in color
Calvary Presbyterian Church (San Francisco)
Calvary Presbyterian Church is a historic Presbyterian church building at 2501–2515 Fillmore Street, on the corner with Jackson Street in San Francisco, California. It was built in 1901 and features Late 19th And 20th Century Revival architecture, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. The Calvary Presbyterian Church was first founded on July 23,1854, San Francisco Mayor C. K. Garrison chaired a committee which raised the funds to build the church and hired Dr. William Anderson Scott as the first pastor. The first church was built on Bush Street, between Montgomery and Sansome Streets and dedicated on January 14,1855, at the time it was the largest Protestant church building on the west coast. After Bush Street became too commercial the church moved to new location on Union Square at Powell Street and this church was dedicated on May 16,1869. After Union Square became too commercial the church moved to its current location at 2515 Fillmore Street, one million bricks used in the Union Square church become part of the new church, as well as all the pews, the metal balcony supports and much of the woodwork.
The first service on Fillmore St. was held on Thanksgiving Day 1902, twenty-six months the 1906 earthquake destroyed much of the city but left the new building untouched
Bank of Italy, Merced
The Bank of Italy is a historic bank building located at the intersection of Main and Canal Streets in Merced, California. Opened in 1928, the bank was Merceds branch of the Bank of Italy, henry Anthony Minton designed the building in the Classical Revival style. The banks design includes a flat, clay tile roof with terra cotta mansards, five Corinthian columns are situated on the buildings Main Street facade, and seven pilasters face Canal Street. The buildings exterior is faced in Travertine marble, the base is faced in granite. Photos from the National Register nomination
Cliff House, San Francisco
The Cliff House is a restaurant perched on the headland above the cliffs just north of Ocean Beach, on the western side of San Francisco, California. It overlooks the site of the former Sutro Baths and is now part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, on the terrace of the Cliff House is a room-sized camera obscura. Cliff House has had five major incarnations since its beginnings in 1858 and that year, Samuel Brannan, a prosperous ex-Mormon elder from Maine, bought for $1,500 the lumber salvaged from a ship that foundered on the basalt cliffs below. With this material he built the first Cliff House, the second Cliff House was built in 1863, and leased to Captain Junius G. Foster. It was a trek from the city and hosted mostly horseback riders. With the opening of the Point Lobos toll road a year later, the builders of the toll road constructed a two-mile speedway beside it where well-to-do San Franciscans raced their horses along the way. On weekends, there was room at the Cliff House hitching racks for tethering the horses for the thousands of rigs.
Soon, omnibus and streetcar lines made it to near Lone Mountain where passengers transferred to stagecoach lines to the beach. The growth of Golden Gate Park attracted beach travellers, in search of meals, in 1877, the toll road, now Geary Street, was purchased by the city for around $25,000. After a few years of management by J. M. Wilkens. The blast was heard a hundred miles away and demolished the north wing of the tavern. The building was repaired, but was completely destroyed by fire on Christmas night 1894 due to a defective flue. Wilkens was unable to save the guest register, which included the signatures of three Presidents and dozens of illustrious world-famous visitors and this incarnation of the Cliff House, with its various extensions, had lasted for 31 years. In 1896, Adolph Sutro built a new Cliff House, a seven story Victorian Chateau, called by some the Gingerbread Palace and this was the same year work began on the famous Sutro Baths in a small cove immediately north of the Restaurant.
The baths included six of the largest indoor swimming pools, a museum, great throngs of San Franciscans arrived on steam trains, bicycles and horse wagons on Sunday excursions. Sutro purchased some of the collection of stuffed animals, the 1896 Cliff House survived the 1906 earthquake with little damage, but burned to the ground on the evening of September 7,1907, after existing for only 11 years. Dr. Emma Merritt, Sutros daughter, commissioned a rebuilding of the restaurant in a style that was completed within two years and is the basis of the structure seen today. In 1914, the guidebook Bohemian San Francsco described it as one of the great Bohemian restaurants of San Francisco, while you have thought you had good breakfasts before this, you know that now you are having the best of them all
The Bloss Mansion is a historic house located at 1020 Cedar Ave. in Atwater, California. The house was built in 1914 by George Bloss, the first mayor of Atwater, the houses design reflects several popular architectural styles of its era. The Mission Revival Style had the greatest influence on the structure, as exhibited in its stucco construction and tile roof. Prairie School elements of the house include its three-part windows, broad eaves, Bloss donated the house to the city in 1963, it now houses the Atwater Historical Society and the Atwater Chamber of Commerce. The Bloss Mansion was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 3,1981, Atwater Historical Society - Bloss House Museum
Lincoln Heights Branch
Lincoln Heights Branch is the second oldest branch library in the Los Angeles Public Library system. Located in the Lincoln Heights section of Los Angeles, California, it was built in the Classical Revival, one of three surviving Carnegie libraries in Los Angeles, it has been designated as a Historic-Cultural Monument and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The history of the Lincoln Heights Branch began in 1900 with the establishment of a station at Daly Street. In 1907, the Daly Street station merged with the East Main Branch to form the East Los Angeles Branch and that branch operated out of rented space at 2603 North Broadway starting in 1913. In 1911, the Los Angeles Public Library received a $210,000 donation from Andrew Carnegie to build six new branch libraries, plans for the new branch in Lincoln Heights were approved in 1915, with a design by Lester H. Hibbard and H. B. Hibbard and Cody based the design on the Italian Renaissance Villa, the new library opened in August 1916 and was initially known as the Northeast Branch Library.
The building is in the form of a circle, with an extension of fourteen feet at each end. It is a combination of Italian Renaissance and Colonial styles, the end extensions are Colonial in design, and the main structure is of Italian Renaissance design. One of the features of the new branch was an outdoor reading garden. The new facility included an auditorium with a stage and seating for 340 persons. By 1919, the area had been renamed Lincoln Heights, a bas relief of Abraham Lincoln executed by Mrs. William Wendt was presented to the library in 1922 as a gift of the Auxiliary, B. of L. E. In 1975, a community vote in the predominantly Latino area renamed the facility the Biblioteca del Pueblo de Lincoln Heights, Carnegie paid for a total of six libraries in Los Angeles, and only three of the Carnegie libraries remain, Lincoln Heights and Vermont Square. The Lincoln Heights Branch was designated as a Historic-Cultural Monument by the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission in 1983, in 1987, the Lincoln Heights Branch and several other branch libraries in Los Angeles were added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of a thematic group submission.
The application noted that the libraries had been constructed in a variety of period revival styles to house the initial branch library system of the City of Los Angeles. With respect to the Lincoln Heights Branch, the described the building as being designed in the Classical Revival style with strong Beaux Arts influence. The buildings most unusual feature is its floor plan which is in the shape of a segment of a circle, the arched entry is centered in the middle and three series of concrete walkways with landings leading up to it. This tall one-story design features high clerestory windows which are inset between pilasters, a $3 million renovation project was completed with re-opening of the branch in June 1996. The building underwent seismic reinforcment work and was renovated and expanded from 10,912 square feet to 12,912 square feet