Brigham Hall, known as Grove Home, is a historic psychiatric hospital located at Canandaigua in Ontario County, New York. It is a complex of 10 buildings designed as a facility for the care, the Gothic Revival style main building was built about 1855 and is surrounded by the contributing outbuildings. The central section is a 1 1⁄2- to 2-story brick and fieldstone structure, by 1960 the complex was converted for use as a nursing home for the elderly. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984
City Hospital (Roosevelt Island)
City Hospital was a historic hospital on Roosevelt Island, Manhattan in New York City. Originally named Penitentiary Hospital and located on what was known as Blackwells Island. After the hospital was destroyed by a fire in 1858, architect James Renwick, Jr. designed a new building to be called City Hospital and it served both inmates and New York Citys poorer population. In 1870, the hospital was renamed Charity Hospital and a superintendent was hired after the quality of care was criticized. The city changed the name of the island to Welfare Island to reflect the mission of the institutions located there, the prison closed in 1935, and the hospital was closed in 1957, when operations for Charity Hospital and Smallpox Hospital were moved to Queens. The building, designed in the Second Empire style, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, the next year, Welfare Island was renamed Roosevelt Island in honor of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Bemis Eye Sanitarium Complex
Bemis Eye Sanitarium Complex is a historic sanatorium complex located at Glens Falls, Warren County, New York. The complex was built between about 1893 and 1902 and consists of eight contributing structures, there are five boarding houses built for the sanitarium, as well as two previously existing residences and a carriage house that were converted for sanitarium use in the 1890s. Dr. Edward Herbert Bemis built the complex for the treatment of eye diseases, the sanitarium closed after his death in 1901. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, at least two of the buildings of the complex, on Sherman Avenue, were re-purposed as the Sherman Square Apartments. These buildings suffered a fire on May 8,2014. The interior was gutted, but the exterior was salvaged, National Register of Historic Places listings in Warren County, New York
Charles Scribner's Sons Building
Charles Scribners Sons Building is a building in Manhattan at 597 Fifth Avenue, built 1912–13 to house the Scribners Bookstore. It was designed by Ernest Flagg in a Beaux Arts style, among its many details are piers anchoring three large bays which include four medallions with busts of printers, Benjamin Franklin, William Caxton, Johann Gutenberg, and Aldus Manutius. It was nominated for listing on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 and was deemed to have met the architectural and historical criteria for acceptance. But its owners objected in January 1982 as they were entitled to do in the NRHP listing process, the Benetton Group purchased the building in the 1980s. Declining business forced the Scribners Bookstore to relocate to a lower-rent district in New York before it was acquired by Barnes & Noble, the building has subsequently housed Brentanos bookstore, a Benetton clothing store, and presently Sephora, a cosmetics retailer. A&A Investment Co. bought the Scribner Building in 2006 and it was sold on to Thor Equities in 2011.
The Old Scribner Building, at 153-157 Fifth Ave. another Beaux Arts building designed by Ernest Flagg and built in 1893, was listed on the National Register in 1980
New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
Blythedale Children's Hospital
Blythedale Childrens Hospital is a specialty childrens hospital in Valhalla, New York, United States. It is the only independent childrens hospital in New York State, the hospital is dedicated to the diagnosis and rehabilitation of children with complex medical and rehabilitative needs. The hospital opened a new,56,000 square-foot inpatient hospital in December 2011, the new building includes a 30-bed Pediatric & Adolescent Unit, and a 10-bed Traumatic Brain Injury Unit. The hospital has its own public school district, the Mount Pleasant Blythedale Union Free School District
New York (state)
New York is a state in the northeastern United States, and is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U. S. state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east. With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015, New York City is the most populous city in the United States, the New York Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State, two-thirds of the states population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, the next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. New York has a diverse geography and these more mountainous regions are bisected by two major river valleys—the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley, which forms the core of the Erie Canal.
Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes Region and straddles Lake Ontario, between the two lakes lies Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. The first Europeans to arrive were French colonists and Jesuit missionaries who arrived southward from settlements at Montreal for trade, the British annexed the colony from the Dutch in 1664. The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were similar to those of the present-day state, New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. On April 17,1524 Verrazanno entered New York Bay, by way of the now called the Narrows into the northern bay which he named Santa Margherita.
Verrazzano described it as a vast coastline with a delta in which every kind of ship could pass and he adds. This vast sheet of water swarmed with native boats and he landed on the tip of Manhattan and possibly on the furthest point of Long Island. Verrazannos stay was interrupted by a storm which pushed him north towards Marthas Vineyard, in 1540 French traders from New France built a chateau on Castle Island, within present-day Albany, due to flooding, it was abandoned the next year. In 1614, the Dutch under the command of Hendrick Corstiaensen, rebuilt the French chateau, Fort Nassau was the first Dutch settlement in North America, and was located along the Hudson River, within present-day Albany. The small fort served as a trading post and warehouse, located on the Hudson River flood plain, the rudimentary fort was washed away by flooding in 1617, and abandoned for good after Fort Orange was built nearby in 1623. Henry Hudsons 1609 voyage marked the beginning of European involvement with the area, sailing for the Dutch East India Company and looking for a passage to Asia, he entered the Upper New York Bay on September 11 of that year
Cumberland Head Light
Cumberland Head Light is a lighthouse on Lake Champlains Cumberland Bay in New York state. The lighthouse was established in 1838 and the tower was first lit in 1868, the lighthouse was deactivated in 1934. The foundation of the lighthouse is concrete and limestone and the lighthouse itself is out of limestone. The shape of the tower is conical, the original lens was a fourth order Fresnel lens installed in 1856. Historic Light Station Information and Photography, New York, united States Coast Guard Historians Office. Great Lakes Lighthouses and Canadian, A Comprehensive Directory/Guide to Great Lakes Lighthouses, U. S. Coast Guard Aids to Navigation, A Historical Bibliography. United States Coast Guard Historians Office, Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback ISBN 1-55046-399-3
The lighthouse was first established in 1830 and the last tower was first lit in 1868. The lighthouse was deactivated in 1940, the lighthouse was a red square tower with granite trimmings and a red dwelling on stone pier. The light was 32 feet high fixed white light, the original lens was a sixth order Fresnel lens. The Archives Center at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History has a collection of postcards of lighthouses and has digitized 272 of these. These include postcards of Coxsackie Light with links to customized nautical charts provided by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, historic Light Station Information and Photography, New York. United States Coast Guard Historians Office, Lighthouses of the United States, Downstate New York. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Coast Guard list of Lighthouses Coast Guard list of assets Smithsonian National Museum of American History page on Coxsackie