Pages in category "North Jersey"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. North Jersey – North Jersey comprises the northern portions of the U. S. state of New Jersey between the upper Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean. Geologically, the north is in the Piedmont Province, the Highlands Province, depending on definitions, some is counted as being in the Atlantic coastal plain. A broad definition includes all points in New Jersey north of I-295 in the part of the state. Another definition uses the 1958 telephone area code 201, and all its additions, some people, especially residents of the northern tier of counties, use a narrower definition, counting only that area north of the mouth of the Raritan River. The state is sometimes described as having North Jersey and South Jersey separated from each other by Central Jersey. Generally in this approach, North Jersey is defined as anything north of an extending from I-287 in Edison westward to US22. South of that line down to I-195 is referred to as Central Jersey, in 2008 the New Jersey State Department of Tourism divided the state into six tourist regions, of which the Gateway Region and the Skylands Region are in North Jersey. The following counties are considered part of North Jersey. Its colonial history started after Henry Hudson sailed through Newark Bay in 1609, although Hudson was British, he worked for the Netherlands, so he claimed the land for the Dutch as part of the provincial colony of New Netherland, with original settlements were centered on Bergen. In 1664 the region part of the Province of New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, New Jersey was a location between New York City, and the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Important materials necessary to the war effort were produced in North Jersey, the Continental Army made its home here during the war, and history from this period can be found in nearly every village and town in North Jersey. Battle fields, camps, skirmish sites, and headquarters can be found near Morristown, in the northwestern part of the state, iron mines and foundries supplied raw material for guns and ammunition. The Industrial Revolution in America started by the founding of the North Jersey town of Paterson, today, the United States and the world enjoy the fruit born of seeds planted in North Jersey during the Industrial Revolution. Alexander Hamilton, Secretary for the Treasury and President of the Bank of New York during the end of the eighteenth century and he promoted the natural power of the Great Falls as an excellent location for textile mills and other manufacture. Paterson attracted skilled craftsmen and engineers from Europe to run the mills and produced a concentration of creative. During the mid century, the engines and materials to tame a continent were made here. Thomas Edison installed one of the first hydroelectric plants in the world using the Great Falls as an energy source
2. Bergen County, New Jersey – Bergen County is the most populous county in the U. S. state of New Jersey. Bergen Countys population resides among 70 municipalities, but no large cities and its most populous place, with 43,010 residents at the time of the 2010 census, is Hackensack, also its county seat. In 2010, Mahwah covered the largest area of any municipality, the county hosts an extensive park system totaling nearly 9,000 acres. The origin of the name of Bergen County is a matter of debate and it is believed that the county is named for one of the earliest settlements, Bergen, in modern-day Hudson County. However, the origin of the name is debated. Several sources attribute the name to Bergen, Norway, while others attribute it to Bergen, some sources say that the name is derived from one of the earliest settlers of New Amsterdam, Hans Hansen Bergen, a native of Norway, who arrived in New Netherland in 1633. Some of their descendants are included among the Ramapough Mountain Indians and their ancestors had moved into the mountains to escape encroachment by Dutch and English colonists. Over the years, they absorbed other ethnicities by intermarriage, in the 17th century, the Dutch considered the area comprising todays Bergen and Hudson counties as part of New Netherland, their colonial province of the Dutch Republic. The Dutch claimed it after Henry Hudson explored Newark Bay and anchored his ship at Weehawken Cove in 1609, from an early date, the Dutch began to import African slaves to fill their labor needs. Bergen County eventually was the largest slaveholding county in the state, the African slaves were used for labor at the ports to support shipping, as well as for domestic servants, trades, and farm labor. Early settlement attempts by the Dutch included Pavonia, Vriessendael, and Achter Col, but the Native Americans repelled these settlements in Kiefts War, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, on August 27,1664, New Amsterdams governor Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to the English Navy. The English organized the Province of New Jersey in 1665, later splitting the territory into East Jersey, on November 30,1675, the settlement Bergen and surrounding plantations and settlements were called Bergen County in an act passed by the provinces General Assembly. In 1683, Bergen was officially recognized as an independent county by the Provincial Assembly, initially, Bergen County consisted of only the land between the Hudson River and the Hackensack River, extending north to the border between East Jersey and New York. In January 1709, the boundaries were extended to all of the current territory of Hudson County. † The line between East and West Jersey here referred to is not the line finally adopted and known as the Lawrence line and this line being afterward objected to by the East Jersey proprietors, the latter procured the running of the Lawrence line. Bergen was the location of battles and troop movements during the American Revolutionary War. Fort Lees location on the bluffs of the New Jersey Palisades, opposite Fort Washington in Manhattan and they destroyed the bridge to delay the British assault on Washingtons headquarters in village of Hackensack. The next day, George Washington retreated to Newark and left Hackensack via Polifly Road, British forces pursued, and Washington continued to retreat across New Jersey
3. Essex County, New Jersey – Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of New Jersey. In 2010, the county dropped down to third-largest, behind Middlesex County and it is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 94th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States as of 2009, the county is named after Essex, a county in the East of England. Based on data from the 2010 census, Essex County is the 14th-most densely populated county in the United States, Newark, with a population density of 11,458. The wide area of Eastern Essex has significant pockets of population, high building density, high poverty. Within this general area however are many stable, mixed and middle-income areas of diverse populations, for example, north and west sides of Newark have well-kept suburban areas such as Vailsburg, Newark, New Jersey and Forest Hill, Newark, New Jersey. The east side of Newark is the Ironbound, a working-class Brazilian, East Orange has the Presidential Estate neighborhood full of large one family homes. Belleville and Bloomfield are suburbs with historic Italian communities that, in spite of retaining a core Italian-American population, now have many immigrants from Latin America and Asia. As of the 2000 Census, 36% of Nutley residents indicated that they were of Italian ancestry, beginning at about the turn of the century, this region led the state in the rebuilding and rehab of its housing stock. In the 2000s, Newark led the state in the issuance of building permits, many reasons were cited, citywide incentives to encourage construction development, an improving local economy, the rising demand of low-cost housing so close to Manhattan. Newark has since become one of the fastest growing cities in the entire Northeast. And reported a gain in income and drop in poverty rate. This is a turnaround from the deterioration and abandonment experienced in the post-riot 1970s, 1980s, by 2006, crime in Newark had fallen 60% over 10 years to its lowest levels in 40 years. Neighboring East Orange has seen crime fall more recently, dropping 50% in the three years, while crime rates have fallen in Newark and East Orange in recent years, they remain stubbornly high in these cities as well as Irvington, and Orange. In 2008, Newark had 67 homicides, down from 105 in 2007, in contrast, Western Essex tends to be more suburban and affluent. Within this region are some of the most diverse and racially integrated municipalities in the state and nation, including Montclair, West Orange, South Orange, many neighborhoods are well-known magnets for New Yorkers such as Glen Ridge, Montclair, Verona, South Orange and West Orange. The communities of Livingston, West Caldwell, South Orange, Maplewood, Millburn, North Caldwell, Short Hills in Millburn, South Orange, and Livingston have large Jewish communities. Livingston also has a burgeoning Taiwanese-American population, many of whom are highly educated white collar professionals with Ivy League degrees, Short Hills has a popular upscale shopping mall, The Mall at Short Hills located near affluent communities in Morris and Union counties
4. Gateway Region – The Gateway Region is located in northeastern New Jersey in the United States of America. The area encompasses Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Passaic, Union and it may also be the most socio-economically diverse, with some of the biggest pockets of poverty and most exclusive of suburbs in the state. The designation has not caught on in local parlance, as the topography, the terms North Jersey and Central Jersey are used in describing parts of the Gateway. The name may have taken from the 1960s Newark nickname Gateway City after the newly developed Gateway Center downtown. Amtraks high-speed rail project throughout the region is called Gateway, the Gateway National Recreation Area, though not located inside the Gateway Region, is nearby. The Gateway Region is home to New Jerseys six largest municipalities, Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Woodbridge Township, major rivers and the bays include the Hudson River/Upper New York Bay, the Hackensack River and the Passaic River/Newark Bay, and the Raritan. The confluence of the roads and railways of the Northeast Megalopolis make the very heavily traveled. Chemical Coast is a nickname for the industrial area along the Arthur Kill. The Gateway Region was the territory of the Lenape Native Americans, much of the land was purchased by Dutch and English from the Lenape, though this concept of ownership was foreign to them. The Lenape retreated to the west as settlements grew, and agreed to re-locate in 1766 with the Treaty of Easton, henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company anchored his ship the Halve Maen at Sandy Hook and Weehawken Cove in 1609. The area became part of the province of New Netherland with headquarters in New Amsterdam. Descendents of the New Netherlanders spread across North Jersey, and influenced its development, when the English entered New York Harbor in 1664, a negotiated surrender was made to transfer control of the area to the British crown. Elizabethtown was founded as the capitol and became the first officially English-speaking settlement, named after the wife of the provinces proprietor, in 1666, Newark was established by Puritans from Connecticut. By 1675, the become the proprietary colony of East Jersey. It was partitioned into four counties for administrative purposes, Bergen County, Essex County, Middlesex County, settlement remained sparse, though some towns were created within farming communities and along rivers and bays. Among them are Perth Amboy in 1684, Hackensack and Piscataway in 1693, during the 18th century, migration inland increased along the Horseneck Tract and Raritan Valley. Slavery and indenture were encouraged to populate the area, the third public reading of The Declaration of Independence took place in New Brunswick, but many East Jerseyans became Tories. Several battles of American Revolution took place in the region including those at Connecticut Farms, Bound Brook, the first steam engine in America was introduced at the Schuyler Copper Mine on New Barbadoes Neck in 1755
5. Hudson County, New Jersey – Hudson County, a county in the U. S. state of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, which was named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609. Hudson County is the fourth-most populous county in the state, there are 12 municipalities in Hudson County, listed with area in square miles and 2010 Census data for population and housing. North Hudson and West Hudson each comprise municipalities in their distinct areas, according to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 62.31 square miles, including 46.19 square miles of land and 16.12 square miles of water. Based on land area, it is the smallest of New Jerseys 21 counties, less than half the size of the next smallest, Hudson is located in the heart of New York metropolitan area in northeastern New Jersey. The topography is marked by the New Jersey Palisades in the north with cliffs overlooking the Hudson to the east and less severe cuesta, or slope and they gradually level off to the southern peninsula, which is coastal and flat. The western region, around the Hackensack and Passaic is part of the New Jersey Meadowlands, much of the land along the countys extensive shoreline and littoral zone was created by land reclamation. The highest point, at 260 feet above sea level, is in West New York, North Bergen is the city with the second most hills per square mile in the United States behind San Francisco. Ellis Island and Liberty Island, opposite Liberty State Park, lie entirely within Hudson Countys waters, Liberty Island is wholly part of New York. Largely created through land reclamation, Ellis Island covers a area of 27.5 acres, with the 2. 74-acre natural island. Shooters Island, in the Kill van Kull, is shared with New York. Robbins Reef Light sits atop a reef which runs parallel the Bayonne and these boundaries and the topography-including many hills and inlets-create very distinct neighborhoods. Kennedy Boulevard runs the length of the peninsula. Numerous cuts for rail and vehicular traffic cross Bergen Hill, given its proximity to Manhattan, it is sometimes referred to as New York Citys sixth borough. At the time of European contact in the 17th century, Hudson County was the territory of the Lenape, namely the bands known as the Hackensack, the Tappan, the Raritan, and the Manhattan. They were a seasonally migrational people who practiced small-scale agriculture augmented by hunting and gathering which likely, given the topography of the area and these groups had early and frequent trading contact with Europeans. The west bank of the North River and the cliffs, hills, in 1630, Michael Pauw received a land patent, or patroonship and purchased the land between the Hudson and Hackensack Rivers, giving it the Latin-ized form of his name, Pavonia. He failed to settle the area and was forced to return his holdings to the Dutch West India Company, homesteads were established at Communipaw, Harsimus, Paulus Hook and Hoebuck. A series of raids and reprisals across the province lasted two years, and ended in an uneasy truce, other homesteads were established at Constable Hook, Awiehaken, and other lands at Achter Col on Bergen Neck
6. Morris County, New Jersey – Morris County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey, about 25 mi west of New York City. 2% increase from 2010. The county is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, the county ranked third in the New York Metropolitan area in terms of median income. Morris County was named after Colonel Lewis Morris, governor of New Jersey in 1738/9, the Wisconsin Glacier covered the northern section of Morris County from 23,000 B. C. to 13,000 B. C. After the Wisconsin Glacier melted around 13,000 B. C, paleo Indians moved into the area from the south in search of big and small game as well as plants. The area was first tundra with grasses growing, rabbits and fox moved into the area from the south. The area of Morris County was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans prior to the arrival of European settlers around the year 1000 and they came from the Mississippi River area. They lived along the rivers and hunted game, fished, collected plants and nuts, henry Hudson explored the Hudson River area in 1609, which later the Dutch did surveys of the area. From 1611 to 1614, the Dutch established the colony of New Netherland, Dutch forts were established along the Hudson River beginning in 1613. As the years went by, more forts were established to trade with Native Americans, the Native Americans traded furs and food with the Dutch for various goods. In return the Dutch gave the Native Americans metal pots, knives, guns, axes, trading with the Native Americans occurred until 1643 when a series of wars broke out between the Dutch and Native Americans. There were hostile relations between the Dutch and Native Americans between 1643 and 1660 and this prevented colonization by the Dutch of the Morris County region which was technically included in their claimed New Netherland. On August 27,1664, three English ships approached Fort Amsterdam and the fort was surrendered to the English, the English now controlled New Netherland and Morris County was now under control of the colony of New York. Relations with the Native Americans improved for a while, there was a war with the Dutch ten years later. The Dutch re-took control of New Amsterdam but after a year returned it to the English, relations with the Native Americans and English improved for a while. European settlements began in the early 18th century while it was known as Hunterdon County, Native Americans were still in the area at that time. Land was purchased from the Native Americans for various such as blankets, shirts, rum, guns, knives, pots. The Native Americans concept of selling land was different than that of the Europeans, colonization occurred along the Atlantic coast and moved inland. The first settlement in the today known as Morris County occurred in Pompton Plains by the Dutch in 1695
7. Passaic County, New Jersey – Passaic County is a county in the U. S. state of New Jersey that is part of the New York metropolitan area. 3% from 2010. Passaic County was created on February 7,1837, from portions of Bergen County, the highest point is any one of six areas on Bearfort Ridge in West Milford at approximately 1,480 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is approximately 20 feet along the Passaic River in Clifton, the southeastern, more populous half of the county is either flat near the river or mildly hilly. The northwestern section is rugged and mountainous, according to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 197.10 square miles, including 184.59 square miles of land and 12.51 square miles of water. As of the census of 2010, there were 501,226 people,166,785 households, the population density was 2,715.3 per square mile. There were 175,966 housing units at a density of 953.3 per square mile. [[Hispanic |Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37. 04% of the population,22. 6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the family size was 3.45. In the county, the population was out with 24. 9% under the age of 18,10. 3% from 18 to 24,27. 1% from 25 to 44,25. 7% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36.1 years, for every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.1 males, same-sex couples headed one in 149 households in 2010. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 489,049 people,163,856 households, the population density was 2,639 people per square mile. There were 170,048 housing units at a density of 918 per square mile. 29. 95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, among those who reported their ancestry,16. 6% were of Italian,9. 5% Irish,8. 1% German and 6. 2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 22. 20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.42. In the county, the population was out with 26. 10% under the age of 18,9. 30% from 18 to 24,31. 30% from 25 to 44,21. 30% from 45 to 64. The median age was 35 years, for every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males, the median income for a household in the county was $49,210, and the median income for a family was $56,054
8. Sussex County, New Jersey – Sussex County is the northernmost county in the State of New Jersey. It is part of the New York City Metropolitan Area, as of the 2016 Census estimate, the countys population was 142,522, making it the 17th-most populous of the states 21 counties, a 4. Based on 2010 Census data, Vernon Township was the countys largest in population and area, with a population of 23,943 and covering an area of 70.59 square miles. As of 2010 The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 131st-highest per capita income of the 3,113 counties in the United States, the county was established in 1753 and named after historic County Sussex, England. Because of its topography, Sussex County has remained a relatively rural, the county is part of the Skylands Region, a term promoted by the New Jersey Commerce, Economic Growth, & Tourism Commission to encourage tourism. In the western half of the county, several state and federal parks have kept the large tracts of land undeveloped, the eastern half of the county has had more suburban development because of its proximity to more populated areas and commercial development zones. Until the mid-20th century, most of Sussex Countys economy was based on agriculture, with the decline of these industries in the 1960s, Sussex County was transformed into a bedroom community that absorbed population shifts from New Jerseys urban areas. Recent studies estimate that 60 percent of Sussex County residents work outside of the county, the area of Sussex County and its surrounding region was occupied for approximately 8, 000-13,000 years by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, the Munsee Indians inhabited the region, the Munsee were a loosely organized division of the Lenape, a Native American people also called Delaware Indians after their historic territory along the Delaware River. The Lenape inhabited the coastal areas and inland along the Hudson. As early as 1690, Dutch and French Huguenot colonists from towns along the Hudson River Valley in New York began permanently settling in the Upper Delaware Valley. The route these Dutch settlers had taken was the path of an old Indian trail and became the route of the Old Mine Road and stretches of present-date U. S. Route 209. These Dutch settlers penetrated the Minisink Valley and settled as far south as the Delaware Water Gap, throughout the 18th century, immigrants from the Rheinland Palatinate in Germany and Switzerland fled religious wars and poverty to arrive in Philadelphia and New York City. By this time, four large townships had been created in this sparsely populated Northwestern region, Walpack Township, Greenwich Township, Hardwick Township and Newtown Township. On June 8,1753, Sussex County was created from four municipalities. On November 20,1824, Warren County was created from the territory of the Sussex County. Throughout the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, Sussex Countys economy was centered around agriculture. Early settlers established farms whose operations were focused towards subsistence agriculture
9. Warren County, New Jersey – Warren County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. It is part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ metropolitan area and is considered the eastern border of the Lehigh Valley. The most populous place was Phillipsburg, with 14,950 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Hardwick Township, covered 37.92 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality. Warren County was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 20,1824, at its creation, the county consisted of the townships of Greenwich, Independence, Knowlton, Mansfield, Oxford, and Pahaquarry. The county was named for Joseph Warren, an American hero of the Battle of Bunker Hill. According to the 2010 Census, the county had an area of 362.86 square miles. Warren County has rolling hills, with the Kittatinny Ridge in the west, Allamuchy Mountain and Jenny Jump Mountain are part of the New York – New Jersey Highlands, also known as the Reading Prong. Around 450 million years ago, a chain of volcanic islands collided with proto North America, the chain of islands went over the North American plate, thus the Highlands were created from the island rock and so was the Great Appalachian Valley. The Highlands is Allamuchy Mountains and the Jenny Jump Mountains, around 400 million years ago a small continent that was long and thin collided with proto North America. This created the Kittatinny Mountains, as the land was compressed from the collision, the quartzite that was lying in a shallow sea over top of the Martinsburg shale, folded and faulted due to pressure and heat. The quartzite lifted, thus the Kittatinny Mountain was born, the final collision was when the African plate collided with the North American plate. This was the episode of the building of the Appalachian Mountains. Then the African plate tore away from North America, then the Wisconsin Glacier covered the northern part of the county from 21,000 to 13,000 BC. This glacier covered the top of Kittatinny Mountain and carved the terrain in the part of the county. The terminal moraine runs from north of Belvidere to south of Great Meadows to north of Hackettstown, Blairstown Township, Hope Township, half of Independence Township, part of White Township, and all of Allamuchy Township was covered by the Glacier. When the glacier melted, a lake was formed at Great Meadows, slowly the lake drained leaving a large flat area filled with organic material. The county is drained by three rivers, all three rivers are shallow and narrow. They are fresh water rivers that are excellent for fishing, the Paulins Kill drains the western portion of the county