Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches
The Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches is a rural region in the western part of the U. S. state of Ohio, centered near Maria Stein in Mercer County. Its name is derived from the concentration of large Catholic churches that dominate the areas architecture. These and other buildings were constructed by the Society of the Most Precious Blood under the oversight of the missionary priest Francis de Sales Brunner, under his leadership, the Society founded many churches and schools in the region, as well as several seminaries. The earliest buildings from the century were mostly small wooden or simple brick structures. Most of these were replaced in periods, only two from this generation are still in use as churches. Many of the massive Gothic revival churches that remain today were built in the late 19th century, the churches of the region have changed little since the early 20th century, and only one new parish has been established since 1925. In 1976, many churches in the Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches were added to the National Register of Historic Places and these buildings are detailed in the chart below, each is listed under the name by which it appears on the Register.
History of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, 1821-1921, new York and Cincinnati, Pustet,1921
The Buckeye is a breed of chicken originating in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of 2014, Buckeyes are listed as Threatened by The Livestock Conservancy, the breeds name is derived from Ohios nickname of Buckeye state, and their mahogany color is said ideally to resemble the seeds of the Ohio Buckeye plant. They are a chicken that have a decent laying ability. Buckeyes are yellow skinned chickens that lay brown eggs, the Buckeye was first bred and developed in 1896, by a Warren, Ohio resident named Nettie Metcalf. Metcalf crossbred Barred Plymouth Rocks, Buff Cochins, and some black breasted red games to produce the Buckeye and her goal was a functional breed that could produce well in the bitter Midwest winters. Contrary to popular belief the Buckeye breed was created before the Rhode Island Red breed, the Buckeye was admitted to the American Poultry Associations Standard of Perfection in 1904. The recognition of Buckeyes in the Standard has been a significant factor in its survival, not adopted by commercial operations, the Buckeye has generally been a bird of smaller farm flocks.
The breed is included in the Slow Food USA Ark of Taste. The Buckeye male weighs an average of 9 lb, and the hen 6.5 lb, the breed has yellow skin and lays brown eggs. Its primary color is a red with black tails, sometimes males have other dark feathering. According to the standard, a Buckeyes plumage should ideally resemble the hue of an Ohio Buckeyes seeds. Especially in the hen, the breed is similar in appearance to the Rhode Island Red. The Buckeye can be differentiated by a bar of slate color on the back close to the body. The Buckeye is the only purely American breed to sport a pea comb, other breeds of fowl developed in the U. S. may sport pea combs, but these chickens were primarily created from foreign birds. It bears some traits of Game fowl in frame and disposition, being assertive in character, generally calm, the cock birds in rare cases may become aggressive. Despite its game heritage, it tolerates confinement well, although it will be much happier, the Buckeye is said by breeders to be disinclined towards feather picking.
A good meat producer and layer of between 150 and 200 eggs per year, the Buckeye is a dual purpose chicken well–suited to small farmyard and backyard flocks, paul, MN, Voyageur, ISBN 978-0-7603-2828-6 APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties as of January 1,2012. Buckeyes at the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy The American Buckeye Club
Inland Northern American English
Great Lakes region, to eastern Iowa. The most advanced Inland Northern accents are spoken in the cities of Chicago, Milwaukee, Detroit, Cleveland and Buffalo, and Syracuse, New York. This is the dialect spoken in part of Americas chief industrial region, Pennsylvania, though in the geographic area of the Inland North, never underwent the Northern Cities Shift and now shares more features with Western Pennsylvania English. Several more vowels proceeded in rapid succession, each filling in the left by the last. Residents across the region are continuing to more and more features of the dialect. Paul Ryan, the 54th Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives is an example of a prominent Republican politician demonstrating features of the dialect. A Midwestern accent, Chicago accent, or Great Lakes accent are all names in the United States for the sound quality produced by speakers of this dialect. Many of the characteristics listed here are not necessarily unique to the region and are found elsewhere in the Midwest.
Rhoticity, As in General American, Inland North speech is rhotic, and this merger is widespread throughout the Midwest and Canada. Northern Cities Vowel Shift, This chain shift is primarily in the Inland North—in fact, it is the feature that largely defines the Inland North. The second stage is the fronting of /ɒ/, which in most American accents is, towards —in words like not, wasp and coupon —which occupies a place close to the former /æ/. However, there is a scattering of Inland North speakers who are in a state of transition towards a cot–caught merger. The fourth stage is the backing and lowering of /ɛ/, almost towards, during the fifth stage, /ʌ/ is backed in the mouth. In the sixth stage, /ɪ/ is lowered and backed, although it is distinct from /ɛ/ in all phonetic environments. However, unlike General American, the raising occurs even before certain voiced consonants, including in the fire, iron. The nucleus of /aʊ/ may be more backed than in other common North American accents, the nucleus of /oʊ/, like /aʊ/, remains a back vowel, not undergoing the fronting that is common in other regions and General American.
Similarly, the high back vowel /uː/ tends to be conservative and less fronted in the North than in other regions. /ɑːr/ is centralized or fronted for many speakers in this region and this was parodied in the comedy sketch Bill Swerskis Superfans, in which characters hailing from Chicago pronounce The Bears as Da Bears
Connecticut Western Reserve
The Reserve had been granted to the Colony by King Charles II. The State of Connecticut sold much of this remaining Western Reserve to developers, Connecticut ceded its final claims on the territory to the United States in 1800. Western Reserve is referred to in numerous institutional names in Ohio, such as Western Reserve Academy, beyond Ohio the claim included parts of what would become Michigan, Illinois, Nebraska, Utah and California. The east boundary of the reserve follows a true meridian along Ellicotts Line, the west boundary veers more than four degrees from a meridian to maintain the 120-mile width, due to convergence. Following the American Revolutionary War, like other states. From these concessions, the old Northwest Territory was organized, the deed of cession was issued on 13 September 1786. Connecticut retained 3,366,921 acres in Ohio, which became the Western Reserve, in 1796, Connecticut sold title to the land in the Western Reserve to the Connecticut Land Company for $1,200,000.
The Land Company was a group of investors who were mostly from Suffield, there were initially eight in the group. They planned to divide the land and sell it to settlers from the east, the Indian title to the Reserve had not been extinguished. Clear title was obtained east of the Cuyahoga River by the Greenville Treaty in 1795, the next year, the Land Company sent surveyors led by Moses Cleaveland to the Reserve to divide the land into townships. The townships laid out in this survey were squares 5 miles on each side Elsewhere in Ohio, most townships are 6 miles on each side, cleavelands team founded the city of Cleveland, which became the largest city in the region. The territory was originally named New Connecticut, which was discarded in favor of Western Reserve. Over the next few years, settlers trickled in, youngstown was founded in 1796, Warren in 1798, Hudson in 1799, Ravenna in 1799, Ashtabula in 1803, and Stow in 1804. In 1800, Connecticut finally ceded sovereignty over the Western Reserve, the United States absorbed it into the Northwest Territory, which organized Trumbull County in the boundaries of the Reserve.
As the former county seat of the Reserve, Warren identifies as the capital of the Western Reserve. Later, several counties were carved out of the territory. The name Western Reserve survives in the area in various such as the Western Reserve Historical Society and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. This area of Ohio became a center of development, industrialization through the mid-20th century and cultural development
Miss Ohio USA
The Miss Ohio USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Ohio in the Miss USA pageant. Ohio achieved success in the first decades of the Miss USA competition but has not done as well in recent years, Ohio is one of only twelve states to win the Miss USA crown twice. There are many notable Miss Ohio USAs, most famously actress and Oscar winner Halle Berry, two Miss Ohio USAs are former Miss Ohio Teen USAs who competed at Miss Teen USA. The current titleholder is Dinaleigh Baxter
Baker Art Gallery
Baker Art Gallery was a photography studio in Columbus, Ohio from 1862-1955. Among those to have their portraits taken were William McKinley, Rutherford B and they won first place at various exhibitions, including the Worlds Columbian Exhibition. Lorenzo Marvin Baker was born April 25,1834 in Copenhagen, New York and he worked at the Neil House, and was an officer in the state penitentiary under Governor Chase, and served for a short time in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1862 he started a business and established a gallery. They ran a successful business that included Presidents Hayes, McKinley, Taft. After the founder died in 1924, Duane Baker continued the business, two more generations of the Baker family continued the business until 1955, when they donated their photos and negatives to the Ohio Historical Society The gallery was located at 106 S. High Street, and moved to 232 S and they moved to another location after 1939. John S. Schneider was president of the Photographers Association of America in 1895
The Dayton Hamvention is an amateur radio convention, generally considered to be the worlds largest hamfest. It is held each May in the Dayton, Ohio area, starting in 2017, it will be held at the Greene County Fairgrounds in Xenia, Ohio near Dayton. Prior to this it was held each May at the Hara Arena in Trotwood, Hara Arena has been the home of Dayton Hamvention since 1964, but the convention has been held since first held Saturday, March 22,1952 at the Biltmore Hotel. Hara Arena announced its closure in 2016 with the Hamvention being forced to move as a result, the Hamvention offers forums, exhibit space and a flea market and usually claims to have over 20,000 visitors
The Amish are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships with Swiss Anabaptist origins. They are closely related to, but distinct from, Mennonite churches, the Amish are known for simple living, plain dress, and reluctance to adopt many conveniences of modern technology. The history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and those who followed Ammann became known as Amish. In the early 18th century, many Amish and Mennonites emigrated to Pennsylvania for a variety of reasons, as of 2000, over 165,000 Old Order Amish lived in the United States and about 1,500 lived in Canada. Most of the Amish continue to have 6–7 children while benefiting from the decrease in infant. Between 1992 and 2013, the Amish population increased by 120%, Amish church membership begins with baptism, usually between the ages of 16 and 25. It is a requirement for marriage within the Amish church, once a person is baptized with the church, he or she may marry only within the faith.
Church districts average between 20 and 40 families, and worship services are held every other Sunday in a members home, the district is led by a bishop and several ministers and deacons. Most Amish do not buy commercial insurance or participate in Social Security, as present-day Anabaptists, Amish church members practice nonresistance and will not perform any type of military service. The Amish value rural life, manual labor and humility, all under the auspices of living what they interpret to be Gods word, members who do not conform to these community expectations and who cannot be convinced to repent are excommunicated. In addition to excommunication, members may be shunned, a practice that limits social contacts to shame the wayward member into returning to the church, almost 90 percent of Amish teenagers choose to be baptized and join the church. Amish church groups seek to maintain a degree of separation from the non-Amish world, There is generally a heavy emphasis on church and family relationships.
They typically operate their own schools and discontinue formal education after grade eight. Until the children turn 16, they have vocational training under the tutelage of their parents, the Amish Mennonite movement descends from the 16th century fellowship known as the Swiss Brethren. The Swiss Brethren were Anabaptists, and are viewed as having been a part of the Radical Reformation. Anabaptist means one who baptizes again—a reference to those who had baptized as infants, but adopted a belief in believers baptism. These Swiss Brethren trace their origins to Felix Manz and Conrad Grebel and this pushed the Swiss Brethren into Canton Bern. The term Amish was first used as a schandename in 1710 by opponents of Jakob Amman, the first division between Swiss Brethren was recorded in the 17th century between Oberländers and Emmentaler