Category:Operas set in Germany
Pages in category "Operas set in Germany"
The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Opera – Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting. In traditional opera, singers do two types of singing, recitative, a style and arias, a more melodic style. Opera incorporates many of the elements of theatre, such as acting, scenery. The performance is given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble. Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition, in the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe, attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his operas in the 1760s. The first third of the 19th century saw the point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Auber and Meyerbeer, the mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Richard Wagner in Germany and Giuseppe Verdi in Italy. The popularity of opera continued through the era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini. During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, the 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism, Neoclassicism, and Minimalism. With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso, since the invention of radio and television, operas were also performed on these mediums. Beginning in 2006, a number of opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. In 2009, an opera company offered a download of a complete performance. The words of an opera are known as the libretto, some composers, notably Wagner, have written their own libretti, others have worked in close collaboration with their librettists, e. g. Mozart with Lorenzo Da Ponte. Vocal duets, trios and other ensembles often occur, and choruses are used to comment on the action, in some forms of opera, such as singspiel, opéra comique, operetta, and semi-opera, the recitative is mostly replaced by spoken dialogue. Melodic or semi-melodic passages occurring in the midst of, or instead of, the terminology of the various kinds of operatic voices is described in detail below. Over the 18th century, arias were accompanied by the orchestra. Subsequent composers have tended to follow Wagners example, though some, the changing role of the orchestra in opera is described in more detail below
2. Germany – Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD. The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
3. Faust (opera) – The manager Léon Carvalho insisted on various changes during production, including cutting several numbers. Faust was not initially well received, the publisher Antoine Choudens, who purchased the copyright for 10,000 francs, took the work on tour through Germany, Belgium, Italy and England, with Marie Miolan-Carvalho repeating her role. It was revived in Paris in 1862, and was a hit, further notable revivals at the Opéra took place on 4 December 1893 and 25 January 1908. The popularity of Faust has declined somewhat, beginning around 1950, a full production, with its large chorus and elaborate sets and costumes, is an expensive and time-consuming undertaking, particularly if the act 5 ballet is included. However, it appears as number 35 on the Operabase list of the most-performed operas worldwide and it was Faust with which the Metropolitan Opera in New York City opened for the first time on 22 October 1883. It is the eighth most frequently performed there, with 747 performances through the 2011-2012 season. It was not until the period between 1965 and 1977 that the version was performed, and all performances in that production included the Walpurgisnacht. Place, Germany Time, 16th century Fausts cabinet Faust, a scholar, determines that his studies have come to nothing and have only caused him to miss out on life. He attempts to kill himself with poison but stops each time when he hears a choir and he curses science and faith, and asks for infernal guidance. Méphistophélès appears and, with an image of Marguerite at her spinning wheel. Fausts goblet of poison is magically transformed into an elixir of youth, making the aged doctor a handsome young gentleman, at the city gates A chorus of students, soldiers and villagers sings a drinking song. Valentin, leaving for war with his friend Wagner, entrusts the care of his sister Marguerite to his youthful friend Siébel, Méphistophélès appears, provides the crowd with wine, and sings a rousing, irreverent song about the Golden Calf. Méphistophélès maligns Marguerite, and Valentin tries to him with his sword. Valentin and friends use the hilts of their swords to fend off what they now know is an infernal power. Méphistophélès is joined by Faust and the villagers in a waltz, Marguerite appears and Faust declares his admiration, but she refuses Fausts arm out of modesty. Marguerites garden The lovesick boy Siébel leaves a bouquet for Marguerite, Faust sends Méphistophélès in search of a gift for Marguerite and sings a cavatina idealizing Marguerite as a pure child of nature. Méphistophélès brings in a box containing exquisite jewelry and a hand mirror and leaves it on Marguerites doorstep. Marguerite enters, pondering her encounter with Faust at the city gates, marthe, Marguerites neighbour, notices the jewellery and says it must be from an admirer
4. Filmzauber – Filmzauber, literally Film Magic, is a Posse mit Gesang in four scenes by Walter Kollo and Willy Bredschneider, with a German libretto by Rudolf Bernauer and Rudolf Schanzer. A parody of silent films, Filmzauber premiered in Berlin in 1912, Filmzauber was first performed at the Berliner Theater, Berlin on 19 October 1912 with Lisa Weise, and the celebrated Austrian singer and later film actor, Oscar Sabo. It was revived at the Heimathafen Neukölln Berlin on 18 April 2009, directed by Stefanie Aehnelt and conducted by Bruno Franceschini. A farce, with a number of subplots, centring on the efforts by the silent film producer-actor Adalbert Musenfett to cast himself as Napoleon in a drama set during the Battle of Leipzig. Maria Gesticulata, an Italian tragedienne, is lined up to play his love interest, introduction Lasset uns schreiben ohne Verweilen 2. Song Es war einmal ein Gymnasiast 3, song Fränze, was machst du bloss für Tänze 4. Introduction Hoch unser neuer M. d. R.6, das Lied von der Mühle 7. Duet Machen wir zusammen eine Firma auf 9, duet Kind, ich schlafe so schlecht 10. Terzett Erst ne Weile rechts 14, walz-duet Habn wir uns nicht schon mal kennn gelernt. Couplet s war ooch ganz scheen 16, finale song The swaggering march Untern Linden, Untern Linden gehen spaziern die Mägdelein has become one of the best-loved of songs representing the capital. It has been recorded by a number of singers including Marlene Dietrich, the popular song Kind, ich schlafe so schlecht was recorded on 78 with the tenor Max Kuttner and the soprano Lucie Bernardo, and also more recently by Kollos grandson René Kollo. A three-act English operetta adaptation, given the title The Girl on the Film, was made by James T. Tanner with additional music by Albert Szirmai and English lyrics by Adrian Ross. It was produced by George Edwardes and opened at the Gaiety Theatre in London on April 5,1913 until 5 December, running for 232 performances, the production starred George Grossmith, Jr. as Max Daly, Emmy Wehlen as Winifred and Connie Ediss as Euphemia Knox. The production transferred to the 44th Street Theatre in New York City and ran from 29 December 1913 to 31 February 1914 and this was the first musical at that theatre, and the production was considered a modest success. Williamsons opera company toured The Girl on the Film in Australasia in 1915, the casts in London and New York were as follows, Mrs. Clutterbuch – Irene Verona Portia – Florence Reade Euphemia Knox – Connie Ediss Max Daly – George Grossmith, Jr. C. Pretty Winifred, the daughter of gruff General Fitzgibbon, in order to be him, runs away from home. Max plays Napoleon during a French invasion, but Signora Maria Gesticulata has come from Italy to play a part in the same film, and Max falls in love with her. He cannot speak Italian, and she cannot speak English, so Winifred acts as interpreter, in translating a love-letter from Max to the Signora, Winifred words it so as to offend the lady, who resigns her part at once
5. Mignon – Mignon is an opéra comique in three acts by Ambroise Thomas. The original French libretto was by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré, the Italian version was translated by Giuseppe Zaffira. The opera is mentioned in James Joyces The Dead and Willa Cathers The Professors House, thomass goddaughter Mignon Nevada was named after the main character. The first performance was at the Opéra-Comique in Paris on 17 November 1866, the piece proved popular, more than 100 performances took place by the following July, the 1, 000th was given there on 13 May 1894, and the 1, 500th on 25 May 1919. The opera was adapted and translated into German for performance in Berlin with Madame Lucca as Mignon. This ending was an attempt to make the story of the somewhat more similar in tone to the tragic outcome of Goethes. Unsurprisingly, this Version allemande still failed to satisfy the German critics, as Henry Edward Krehbiel describes it, the Mignon of Carré and Barbier bears little more than an external resemblance to the Mignon of Goethe, and to kill her is wanton cruelty. Despite his success in Paris with the French version, Thomas was asked to revise the work for the first performance at the Drury Lane Theatre in London on 5 July 1870 and this version was given in Italian with recitatives. The role of Mignon, originally for mezzo-soprano, was sung by a soprano, the finale was also much shortened. Philines extra aria appears to have never been orchestrated, or the orchestration was lost or destroyed. The recording also includes an appendix with the original, longer version of the finale. The United States premiere was given on 9 May 1871 at the French Opera House in New Orleans and this was followed by a Maurice Strakosch production in Italian at the New York Academy of Music on 22 November 1871 with Christine Nilsson as Mignon, Mlle. Léon Duval as Philine, Victor Capoul as Wilhelm, and Mlle, the substantial success of the opera in London and New York has been attributed to the presence of Christine Nilsson in both productions. Nilsson also performed the role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York in 1883, more recently, in 1986, the original opéra comique version with soprano Cynthia Clarey as Mignon was revived for a production at the Wexford Festival Opera. Lily Pons was famous for singing Philine, time, End of the 18th century. In the courtyard of an inn in a small German town, the wandering minstrel Lothario sings, jarno threatens Mignon with a stick when she refuses to dance, but Lothario and Wilhelm Meister come to her aid. She thanks them and divides her bouquet of flowers between them. Wilhelm and Laerte have a drink together, Philine and Laerte leave, after he gives her his flowers from Mignon