Category:Order of Arts and Letters of Spain recipients
Pages in category "Order of Arts and Letters of Spain recipients"
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Order of Arts and Letters of Spain – The Order of Arts and Letters of Spain is a Civil Order of Merit of Spain. Before granting the order to a recipient the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is consulted. The order is presented by the head of the Ministry for culture and this order has a single category and is purely honorary and carries no monetary reward with its presentation. The order is regulated by Royal Decree 1320/2008, and was initiated by César Antonio Molina, who was then serving as the Minister of Culture
2. Joan Baez – Joan Chandos Baez is an American folk singer, songwriter, musician, and activist whose contemporary folk music often includes songs of protest or social justice. Baez has performed publicly for over 55 years, releasing over 30 albums, fluent in Spanish and English, she has recorded songs in at least six other languages. She is regarded as a singer, although her music has diversified since the counterculture days of the 1960s and now encompasses everything from folk rock and pop to country. In recent years, she has found success interpreting songs of modern songwriters such as Ryan Adams, Josh Ritter, Steve Earle and her recordings include many topical songs and material dealing with social issues. She began her career in 1960 and achieved immediate success. Her first three albums, Joan Baez, Joan Baez, Vol.2, and Joan Baez in Concert all achieved gold status and stayed on the Billboard. Songs of acclaim include Diamonds & Rust and covers of Phil Ochss There but for Fortune and she is also known for Farewell, Angelina, Love Is Just a Four-Letter Word, Forever Young, Joe Hill, Sweet Sir Galahad and We Shall Overcome. Baez will be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on April 7,2017, Baez was born on Staten Island, New York, on January 9,1941. Joans grandfather, the Reverend Alberto Baez, left Catholicism to become a Methodist minister and her father, Albert Baez, was born in Puebla, Mexico and grew up in Brooklyn, New York, where his father preached to—and advocated for—a Spanish-speaking congregation. Albert first considered becoming a minister but instead he turned to the study of mathematics and physics, Albert was later credited as a co-inventor of the x-ray microscope. Baez, is a mathematical physicist, whom Albert interested in physics as a child, born in April 1913, she died on April 20,2013, days after her one hundredth birthday. Baez had two sisters — the elder, Pauline Thalia Baez Bryan, and the younger, Mimi Fariña, Mimi, also a musician and activist, died of cancer in California in 2001. The Baez family converted to Quakerism during Joans early childhood, and she has continued to identify with the tradition, particularly in her commitment to pacifism, while growing up, Baez was subjected to racial slurs and discrimination due to her Mexican heritage. Consequently, she became involved with a variety of social causes early in her career and she declined to play in any venues that were segregated, which meant that when she toured the Southern states she would play only at black colleges. Joan graduated from Palo Alto High School in 1958, Joan Baez became involved with a variety of social causes early in her career, including civil rights and non-violence. Social justice, she stated in the PBS series American Masters, is the core of her life. The opening line of Baezs memoir And a Voice to Sing With is I was born gifted, a friend of Joans father gave her a ukulele. She learned four chords, which enabled her to play rhythm and blues and her parents, however, were fearful that the music would lead her into a life of drug addiction
3. Hans Magnus Enzensberger – Hans Magnus Enzensberger is a German author, poet, translator and editor. He has also written under the pseudonym Andreas Thalmayr, Enzensberger was born in 1929 in a small town in Bavaria and is the eldest of four boys. He is part of the last generation of intellectuals whose writing was shaped by experience of the Third Reich. The Enzensberger family moved to Nuremberg, the birthplace of National Socialism. Julius Streicher, the founder and publisher of Der Stürmer, was their next-door neighbour, Hans Magnus joined the Hitler Youth in his teens, but was expelled soon afterwards. I have always been incapable of being a good comrade and it may be a defect, but I cant help it. Until 1957 he worked as an editor in Stuttgart. He participated in gatherings of Group 47. Between 1965 and 1975 he edited the magazine Das Kursbuch, since 1985 he has been the editor of the prestigious book series Die Andere Bibliothek, published in Frankfurt, and now containing almost 250 titles. Together with Gaston Salvatore, Enzensberger was the founder of the monthly TransAtlantik and his own work has been translated into more than 40 languages. Enzensberger is the brother of the author Christian Enzensberger. Enzensberger has a sarcastic, ironic tone in many of his poems, for example, the poem Middle Class Blues consists of various typicalities of middle class life, with the phrase we cant complain repeated several times, and concludes with what are we waiting for. Many of his poems also feature themes of civil unrest over economic, though primarily a poet and essayist, he also makes excursions into theater, film, opera, radio drama, reportage, translation. He has written novels and several books for children and is co-author of a book for German as a foreign language and he also invented and collaborated in the construction of a machine which automatically composes poems. It was used during the 2006 Football World Cup to commentate on games, with Irene Dische he wrote the libretto for Aulis Sallinens fifth opera The Palace. In 2009, Enzensberger received a special Lifetime Recognition Award given by the trustees of the Griffin Trust for Excellence in Poetry, buenaventura Durrutis Leben und Tod, Prose,1972 Gespräche mit Marx und Engels,1970 Palaver. 37 Balladen aus der Geschichte des Fortschritts, Poems,1975 Polit, martin Fritsche, Hans Magnus Enzensbergers produktionsorientierte Moral. Konstanten in der Ästhetik eines Widersachers der Gleichheit, dissertation, Technische Universität Berlin, Peter Lang, Bern u. a
4. Hubert de Givenchy – Count Hubert James Marcel Taffin de Givenchy is a French fashion designer who founded The House of Givenchy in 1952. He is famous for having designed much of the personal and professional wardrobe of Audrey Hepburn and he was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1970. Hubert James Taffin de Givenchy was born on 21 February 1927 in Beauvais and he was the younger son of Lucien Taffin de Givenchy, marquis of Givenchy, and his wife, the former Béatrice Badin. The Taffin de Givenchy family, which traces its roots to Venice, Italy, was ennobled in 1713 and he had an elder brother, Jean-Claude de Givenchy, who inherited the familys marquessate and eventually became the president of Parfums Givenchy. Artistic professions ran in the extended Badin family, Givenchys maternal great-grandfather, Jules Dieterle, was a set designer who also created designs for the Beauvais factory, including a set of 13 designs for the Elysée Palace. One of his great-great-grandfathers also designed sets for the Paris Opera and he moved to Paris at the age of seventeen, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. His first designs were done for Jacques Fath in 1945, later he did designs for Robert Piguet and Lucien Lelong – working alongside the still-unknown Pierre Balmain and Christian Dior. From 1947 to 1951 he worked for the avantgarde designer Elsa Schiaparelli, in 1952, he opened his own design house at the Plaine Monceau in Paris. Later, he named his first collection Bettina Graziani for Pariss top model at the time and his style was marked by innovation, contrary to the more conservative designs by Dior. At 25, he was the youngest designer of the progressive Paris fashion scene and his first collections were characterized by the use of rather cheap fabrics for financial reasons, but they always piqued curiosity through their design. Audrey Hepburn, later the most prominent proponent of Givenchys fashion and he went on to design the black dress she wore in Breakfast at Tiffanys. He also developed his first perfume collection for her, Audrey Hepburn was the face of that fragrance. For the very first time a star was the face of an advertising campaign and probably the last time that it was done for free. At that time, Givenchy also met his idol, Cristóbal Balenciaga, although a renowned designer, Givenchy not only sought inspiration from the lofty settings of haute couture but also in such avant-garde environments as Limbo, the store in Manhattans East Village. In 1954, Givenchys prêt-à-porter collection debuted, Hubert de Givenchy created the iconic Balloon coat and the Baby Doll dress in 1958. In 1969, a line was also launched. In 1988, he organized a retrospective of his work at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, the House of Givenchy was split in 1981, with the perfume line going to Veuve Clicquot, while the fashion branch was acquired by LVMH in 1989. As of today, LVMH owns Parfums Givenchy as well, Hubert de Givenchy retired from fashion design in 1995
5. Zahi Hawass – Zahi Hawass is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist, and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs. He has also worked at sites in the Nile Delta, the Western Desert. Hawass was born in a village near Damietta, Egypt. Although he originally dreamed of becoming an attorney, he obtained a bachelor of degree in Greek and Roman Archaeology from Alexandria University in Alexandria. In 1979, Hawass earned a diploma in Egyptology from Cairo University, Hawass then worked at the Great Pyramids as an inspector—a combination of administrator and archaeologist. After 1988, Hawass taught Egyptian archaeology, history and culture at the American University in Cairo, Hawass was appointed to the position of Chief Inspector of the Giza Pyramid Plateau, but left the position in 1993—according to Hawass, a resignation. Hawass was reinstated as Chief Inspector in early 1994, in 1998, Hawass was appointed as director of the Giza Plateau, and in 2002 as Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities. At Giza, he uncovered the satellite pyramid of Khufu. His team is continuing to CT scan mummies, both royal and private, and hopes to some of the mysteries surrounding the lives and deaths of such important figures as Hatshepsut. When U. S. President Barack Obama was in Cairo in June 2009, at the end of 2009, he was promoted by President Hosni Mubarak to the post of Vice Minister of Culture. According to Andrew Lawler, reporting for Science, Hawass faxed a colleague in Italy that 13 cases were destroyed and my heart is broken and my blood is boiling, the… archaeologist lamented. He was appointed Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs, a newly created cabinet post, regarding the Egyptian Museum looting, he said that The museum was dark and the nine robbers did not recognise the value of what was in the vitrines. They opened thirteen cases, threw the seventy objects on the ground and broke them, including one Tutankhamun case, however, the broken objects can all be restored, and we will begin the restoration process this week. Hawass rejected comparisons with the looting of antiquities in Iraq and Afghanistan, Egyptian state television reported that Hawass called upon Egyptians not to believe the “lies and fabrications” of the Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya satellite television channels. Hawass later said “They should give us the opportunity to change things, but you can’t bring in a new president now, in this time. We need Mubarak to stay and make the transition. ”On March 3,2011 he resigned after a list was posted on his website of dozens of sites across Egypt that were looted during the 2011 protests. Hawass was reappointed Minister of Antiquities by then-Prime Minister Essam Sharaf, but resigned on July 17,2011, after Sharaf informed him he would not be continuing in the position. According to opinion report from an Egyptian commentator in The Guardian, Hawass has since begun working as a lecturer in Egypt and around the world, and promoting Egypt’s tourism globally in cooperation with the countrys Ministry of Tourism
6. Louvre – The Louvre or the Louvre Museum is the worlds largest museum and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the citys 1st arrondissement, approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square metres. The Louvre is the second most visited museum after the Palace Museum in China. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II, remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. Due to the expansion of the city, the fortress eventually lost its defensive function and. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace, in 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years, during the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nations masterpieces. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum renamed Musée Napoléon, the collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and bequests since the Third Republic, whether this was the first building on that spot is not known, it is possible that Philip modified an existing tower. According to the authoritative Grand Larousse encyclopédique, the name derives from an association with wolf hunting den, in the 7th century, St. Fare, an abbess in Meaux, left part of her Villa called Luvra situated in the region of Paris to a monastery. This territory probably did not correspond exactly to the modern site, the Louvre Palace was altered frequently throughout the Middle Ages. In the 14th century, Charles V converted the building into a residence and in 1546, Francis acquired what would become the nucleus of the Louvres holdings, his acquisitions including Leonardo da Vincis Mona Lisa. After Louis XIV chose Versailles as his residence in 1682, constructions slowed, however, on 14 October 1750, Louis XV agreed and sanctioned a display of 96 pieces from the royal collection, mounted in the Galerie royale de peinture of the Luxembourg Palace. Under Louis XVI, the museum idea became policy. The comte dAngiviller broadened the collection and in 1776 proposed conversion of the Grande Galerie of the Louvre – which contained maps – into the French Museum, many proposals were offered for the Louvres renovation into a museum, however, none was agreed on. Hence the museum remained incomplete until the French Revolution, during the French Revolution the Louvre was transformed into a public museum. In May 1791, the Assembly declared that the Louvre would be a place for bringing together monuments of all the sciences, on 10 August 1792, Louis XVI was imprisoned and the royal collection in the Louvre became national property
7. Claudio Magris – Claudio Magris is an Italian scholar, translator and writer. Magris graduated from the University of Turin, where he studied German studies and he is an essayist and columnist for the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera and for other European journals and newspapers. His numerous studies have helped to promote an awareness in Italy of Central European culture, Magris is a member of several European academies and served as senator in the Italian Senate from 1994 to 1996. His first book on the Habsburg myth in modern Austrian literature rediscovered central European literature and his journalistic writings have been collected in Dietro le parole and Itaca e oltre. He has written essays on E. T. A, hoffmann, Henrik Ibsen, Italo Svevo, Robert Musil, Hermann Hesse and Jorge Luis Borges. His novels and theatre productions, many translated into several languages, include Illazioni su una sciabola, Danubio, Stadelmann, Un altro mare and his breakthrough was Danubio, which is a magnum opus. In this book, Magris tracks the course of the Danube from its sources to the sea, the whole trip evolves into a colorful, rich canvas of the multicultural European history. Claudio Magris, écrivain de frontière contre lindifférence Nicoletta Pireddu, The Works of Claudio Magris, Temporary Homes, Mobile Identities, European Borders Nicoletta Pireddu, _The Works of Claudio Magris, Temporary Homes, Mobile Identities, European Borders_. ISBN 978-1-137-49262-3 Nicoletta Pireddu, On the Threshold, Always Homeward Bound, the Journal of European Studies 42,2012, 333-41