William Hall Gage
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Hall Gage GCB, GCH was Second Sea Lord in the British Navy. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent and the Siege of French-held Malta during the French Revolutionary Wars and he saw action at the attack on the French ship Romulus during the closing stages of the Napoleonic Wars. As a senior officer, Gage became Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station, following the Belgian Revolution, Gage took part in the blockade of the Scheldt, offering naval support to the new Kingdom of Belgium. He became Commander-in-Chief in Lisbon Station, with orders to protect the young Queen Maria II during the Liberal Wars, after that, Gage became Second Naval Lord in the Second Peel ministry and Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth. Born the third son of General Thomas Gage and Margaret Kemble and he was appointed to the third-rate HMS Bellona at Portsmouth and, having been promoted to midshipman, transferred to the third-rate HMS Captain in September 1790. He went on to serve in the third-rate HMS Colossus, the sixth-rate HMS Proserpine, the third-rate HMS America, in HMS Princess Royal he took part in the Battle of Leghorn in March 1795 and the Battle of Toulon in July 1795 during the French Revolutionary Wars.
He had only one innings in match and scored 15 not out. Gage transferred to the fifth-rate HMS Minerve in January 1796, and having been promoted to lieutenant on 11 March 1796 and he took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797 and the capture of the French ship Mutine in May 1797. In HMS Terpsichore he conveyed Charles Emmanuel, who had just abdicated as Prince of Piedmont, to exile in Sardinia in February 1799 and captured the Spanish ship San Antonio in June 1799. Gage became commanding officer of the fifth-rate HMS Uranie in the Channel Squadron in March 1801 and he went on to be commanding officer of the fifth-rate HMS Thetis in the Mediterranean Squadron in July 1805 and of the third-rate HMS Indus in the Mediterranean Squadron in February 1813. In HMS Indus he saw action at the attack on the French ship Romulus in February 1814 during the stages of the Napoleonic Wars. Promoted to rear admiral on 19 July 1821, Gage was appointed Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station, with his flag in the third-rate HMS Warspite and he was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order on 19 April 1834.
He went on to be Second Naval Lord in the Second Peel ministry in September 1841 and he died at his home, Thurston Cottage, in Thurston, Suffolk on 4 January 1864 and was buried at St Peters Churchyard in Thurston. Cape Gage, a promontory at the eastern edge of Ross Island near Antarctica, was discovered by Sir James Clark Ross. Gage Street, a one way commercial street in Central, Hong Kong, and Gage Roads. Gage never married or had any children, the British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 –1995. Where on the Coast is That
Thomas Grosvenor (British Army officer)
Field Marshal Thomas Grosvenor was a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer defending the Bank of England during the Gordon Riots he took part in the Flanders Campaign including the retreat into Germany during the French Revolutionary Wars. Born the third son of Thomas Grosvenor and Deborah Grosvenor, Grosvenor was educated at Westminster School and he was in charge of security at the Bank of England during the Gordon Riots in 1780. Grosvenor succeeded his father as Whig Member of Parliament for Chester in 1795 and he took part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland in August 1799 and was promoted to brigadier-general while serving under Sir Ralph Abercromby in Holland on 18 November 1800. In parliament he opposed the bill against bull-baiting introduced in 1802, promoted to major-general on 29 April 1802, Grosvenor held various brigade commands in Southern England between 1803 and 1805. He had a keen interest in racing and his horse, Briseis. Grosvenor served as a commander at the Battle of Copenhagen in August 1807 for which he was rewarded with promotion to lieutenant-general on 25 April 1808.
Grosvenor was promoted to general on 12 August 1819. In 1820 he had an escape during the Cato Street Conspiracy when an angry mob overturned his carriage into the River Dee. Around the same time he started renting the Warren House in Loughton and he stood down as Member of Parliament for Chester in 1826 to make way for his cousins son, Robert Grosvenor, and instead became Member of Parliament for Stockbridge. In June 1825 another of Thomas Grosvenors horses, won the Epsom Oakes and he retired from parliament in 1830. Grosvenor served as colonel of the 97th Regiment of Foot in 1807. He was promoted to field marshal on 9 November 1846 and died at his home, in 1797 Grosvenor married Elizabeth Heathcote, after the death of his first wife he married Anne Wilbraham in 1831. There were no children from either marriage, the British Field Marshals, 1736–1997, A Biographical Dictionary. Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by Thomas Grosvenor
George Scott Robertson
He chronicled his Kafiristan experience in the book The Kafirs of the Hindu-Kush. Some have suggested that Robertsons year-long expedition and subsequent book provided background, Kiplings work was originally published in 1888, predating Robertsons travels to the region. Robertson was born in London and received his education at the Westminster Hospital Medical School, in 1878 he entered the Indian Medical Service and served throughout the Second Anglo-Afghan War of 1878-80. In 1888, he was attached to the Indian Foreign Office and assigned as surgeon in Gilgit, in northern India. According to his book it was around this time, during the war and while in Gilgit and his journey lasted just over a year, ending in 1891, and providing Robertson with first-hand experience of what to him were the strange customs and colorful people of Kafiristan. He was made a Companion of the Order of the Star of India in 1892, in 1893, after his travels in Kafiristan, Surgeon Major Robertson was re-assigned to the then-independent State of Chitral, this time as a political agent.
After his arrival, Robertson engaged in a series of political and military maneuvers. The six week siege that followed included a sortie on 3 March 1895. The siege was raised on 19 April when a force, under Colonel Kelly. For his service during the famous siege Robertson was made a Knight Commander in the Order of the Star of India and it was he who took the important decision of installing and recognising Shuja ul-Mulk as the provisional Mehtar of Chitral, subject to approval of the Government. Robertson continued in the Indian Service until his retirement in 1899 and he held his seat in the House of Commons until his death on New Years Day,1916. This detailed account of Robertsons tour throughout Kafiristan was originally published in London in 1896 by Lawrence & Bullen, LTD. Although its descriptions of the kafirs of the Hindukush are written in an outdated and colonial style, the book is accompanied by illustrations by A. D. McCormic and was dedicated to Robertsons wife. Robertson, George Scott The Kafirs of the Hindu-Kush, mohammad Afzal Khan Chitral and Kafirstan, a personal study.
ISBN48718752101911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Sir George Scott Robertson Works written by or about George Scott Robertson at Wikisource The Káfirs of the Hindu-Kush
Francis Jeune, 1st Baron St Helier
Francis Henry Jeune, 1st Baron St Helier GCB PC QC, known as Sir Francis Jeune, was a British judge. He was President of the Probate and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice, Jeune was the son of The Right Reverend Francis Jeune, Bishop of Peterborough, and Margaret, daughter of Henry Symons. Educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford, he was President of the Oxford Union in 1864, in 1868, he was called to the Bar, Inner Temple. In 1888, Jeune became a Queens Counsel, in 1891, he was appointed as a Judge in the Probate and Admiralty Division of the High Court and knighted. In June 1892, he became President of the Division in succession to Sir Charles Parker Butt, in December of that year, he was appointed Judge Advocate General by Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. He continued as President of the Probate and Admiralty Division until January 1905 when, beset by ill health, in 1897, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. In February 1905, he was granted an annuity of £3,500 and raised to the peerage as Baron St Helier of St Helier in the Island of Jersey and of Arlington Manor in the County of Berkshire.
On 17 August 1881, Lord St Helier married Susan Mary Elizabeth Stanley, in 1882, their only child, a son, Francis Jeune, was born, on 19 August 1904, he died of enteric fever in Poona, India. Lord St Helier died the year, on 9 April 1905. As he had no surviving issue, the barony died with him. Lady St Helier died in January 1931
Charles Richard Fox
General Charles Richard Fox was a British army general, and a politician. Fox was born at Brompton, the son of Henry Richard Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland, through a liaison with Lady Webster. After some service in the Royal Navy, Fox entered the Grenadiers and his collection was bought for the royal museum of Berlin when he died in 1873. He married in St. Georges, Hanover Square, London, on 19 June 1824 Lady Mary FitzClarence and he represented the Whig interest and sat for Calne 1831-32, Tavistock 1832-35. He briefly represented Stroud in 1835, but resigned that seat so Lord John Russell could contest it and he was elected as a Member of Parliament for the east London constituency of Tower Hamlets in 1841 and served until 1847. Fox was Surveyor-General of the Ordnance in 1841 and 1846-52 and he was promoted Major-General on 9 November 1846, Lieutenant-General on 20 June 1854, and General on 6 March 1863. British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F. W. S, craig The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith, second edition edited by F. W. S.
Craig Whos Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by Charles Richard Fox
George Martin (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Martin GCB, GCMG was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. During his long career he took part in several significant battles, for which he was awarded a number of honours and promotions, he commanded ships at Cape St Vincent. He spent his career serving on ships commanded by his uncle, Vice-Admiral. He saw action in the West Indies, and had risen to command his own ship by the end of the war with America, the years of peace temporarily left him unemployed, but the outbreak of war with revolutionary France in 1793 provided the opportunity to impress his superiors. Receiving command of ships, he fought with Jervis at Cape St Vincent, and afterwards participated in an action that saw the capture of one Spanish frigate. He served in the Mediterranean, at first at the blockade of Malta, the resumption of hostilities saw him returning to service, and in 1805 he saw action at the controversial Battle of Cape Finisterre under Robert Calder.
Promoted to rear-admiral shortly afterwards, he provided his testimony for Calders court-martial and he took part in the blockade of Cadiz and operations in support of the forces in Italy, before moving ashore towards the end of the wars. He received various promotions and honours, commanding at Portsmouth for several years, Martin became rear-admiral and vice-admiral of the United Kingdom towards the end of his life, and died at the highest rank of his profession in 1847. George Martin was born in 1764, the son of William Martin, a captain in the navy, and his wife Arabella, georges great-uncle was Admiral Sir William Martin, who had fought in the War of the Austrian Succession under Admirals Norris and Vernon. He remained in Rowleys service for years, rising to able seaman. Suffolk went out to the West Indies and formed part of Admiral John Byrons fleet at the Battle of Grenada on 6 July 1779. Martin transferred to the 44-gun frigate HMS Actaeon, and to the 14-gun sloop HMS Chameleon and he was transferred to serve aboard the 90-gun HMS Sandwich, until moving ashore on 30 September 1781.
Martin was promoted to commander and appointed to his first command on 9 March 1782, a further promotion to post-captain followed soon after as he took command of the 50-gun HMS Preston on 17 March 1783. With the draw-down of the following the end of the war, Martin sailed Preston back to Britain. Martin spent five years without a ship, but returned to service with an appointment to command the 24-gun HMS Porcupine on 9 July 1789 and he was active off the coast of Ireland until paying her off on 21 August 1792. The outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars offered further opportunities for employment, in November Martin was assigned to escort an expedition to the Leeward Islands under Vice-Admiral Sir John Laforey, with a military force commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercromby. The expedition was forced back to port by violent storms, while an attempt under Rear-Admiral Hugh Cloberry Christian in December suffered the same fate. The expedition sailed again in March the following year, and succeeded in reaching the West Indies in April, that year Irresistible helped to chase the 36-gun French Perçante ashore off San Domingo
Sir Robert Laurie, 6th Baronet
Sir Robert Laurie, 6th Baronet KCB was an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He rose through the ranks after his entry, fighting as a lieutenant under Howe at the Glorious First of June, rewarded for his valour and honourably acquitted for the loss of his ship, he served throughout the rest of the Napoleonic Wars. He rose to flag rank after the end of the wars and he inherited a baronetcy in 1804, but this became extinct upon his death. Robert Laurie was born on 25 May 1764, the son of Sir Robert Laurie and he entered the navy in 1780, spending 10 years as midshipman before being promoted to lieutenant in 1790. He was a lieutenant aboard the 90-gun second rate HMS Queen and fought in the Glorious First of June in 1794 and he received a promotion in June the following year, rising to the rank of commander and being given the sloop HMS Zephyr. He served in the North Sea before being ordered to the Leeward Islands towards the end of 1796, while sailing there he came across the 12-gun privateer Refléche and captured her on 8 January 1797.
On 17 July 1798 Laurie received a promotion to post-captain and he was removed into HMS Andromache in 1799 and spent the next several years serving on the North American and Jamaica stations. He took a Spanish gunboat off Cuba on 22 March 1801 in company with the 32-gun HMS Cleopatra, Laurie transferred to take command of the Cleopatra in summer 1804. Laurie succeeded to the baronetcy on 10 September 1804 with the death of his father, Cleopatra spent some time in the West Indies, and was homeward bound in February 1805. Despite identifying his quarry as an opponent, Laurie ordered a chase. Renaud had orders to combat and pressed on sail to escape Laurie. The chase covered 180 miles and lasted until the morning, when Renaud reluctantly came about to meet the Cleopatra. The engagement began in earnest at 2. 30pm, and a heavy cannonade was maintained between the two frigates until 5pm, when the Cleopatra had her wheel shot away and her rudder jammed. The Ville de Milan approached from windward and ran aboard the Cleopatra, jamming her bowsprit over the quarterdeck of the British ship, the British resisted one attempt to board, but on being unable to break free, were forced to surrender to a second boarding party.
The Cleopatra had 22 killed and 36 wounded, with the loss of her foremast, the Ville de Milan had probably about 30 killed and wounded, with Captain Renaud among the dead. She lost her mainmast and mizzenmast, three days were spent transferring a prize crew and prisoners, and patching up the ships, before the two got underway on 21 February. However, on 23 February they were discovered by the 50-gun HMS Leander, under Captain John Talbot, Leander ran up to them, whereupon they separated. Talbot chased Cleopatra, brought her to with a shot and took possession, the freed crew reported the situation to Talbot, and left him to pursue the fleeing Ville de Milan
Colonel Arthur John Hamilton Luard, DSO was an English cricketer. Luard was a batsman and an officer in the British Army. Luard was born at Waltair, the son of Colonel George Francis Luard and Jane Hamilton and he joined the Army as a lieutenant in May 1882, took part in the Burmese Expedition and was on 1 May 1889 promoted to captain, 2nd Battalion Norfolk Regiment. Luard held an appointment as Superintendent of Gymnasia until January 1900. He was promoted to major on 8 September 1900, mentioned in Despatches in 1901 and he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in September 1908, and colonel in April 1912, before resigning in September 1912. Luard made his first-class debut for Gloucestershire against Kent, from 1892 to 1896, Luard played 42 first-class matches for the county, with his final first-class match in his first spell at the county coming against Middlesex. Luard toured Scotland with the county in 1893, playing two non first-class matches against Scotland and a Scotland XI, in 1894 Luard toured Ireland with the county, playing a single non first-class match against Dublin University.
During Luards spell with the county he played two matches for the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1893, against Yorkshire and Kent. In 1897 Luard made his debut for Hampshire against Lancashire, Luard played five first-class matches for Hampshire in 1897, with his final first-class match coming against Essex. In his 45 matches for Gloucestershire, Luard scored 1,140 runs at a average of 14.43, with four half centuries. Luard died at Guildford, Surrey on 22 May 1944, Arthur Luard at Cricinfo Arthur Luard at CricketArchive Matches and detailed statistics for Arthur Luard
Sir Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland, 1st Baronet, KCB. was an English physician and educator. Henry Acland was born in Killerton, the son of Sir Thomas Acland and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare. He was elected Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, in 1840, seven years he became Regius Professor of Medicine, a post which he retained till 1894. Acland was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1883 and he was created a baronet in 1890, and ten years he died at his house in Broad Street, Oxford. Acland took a part in the revival of the Oxford medical school. Acland was interested in questions of public health and his memoir on the topography of the Troad, with panoramic plan, was among the fruits of a cruise which he made in the Mediterranean for the sake of his health. His son, Colonel Alfred Dyke Acland married Hon. Beatrice Danvers Smith, Hon. W. H. Smith of the Newsagents dynasty on 30 July 1885 and gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1910 in the service of the Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry. Another son, Theodore Dyke Acland married the daughter of Sir William Gull and he married Sarah Cotton, daughter of William Cotton and Sarah Lane, on 14 July 1846.
Their daughter, Sarah Acland, subsequently lived in Park Town and was a pioneer of colour photography. Some of her photographs are in collection of the Museum of the History of Science in Broad Street, archival material relating to Henry Acland. Gardners 1852 Directory for the City of Oxford entry Power, DArcy, dictionary of National Biography,1901 supplement. Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet