Pages in category "Pakistani theologians"
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Javed Ahmad Ghamidi – Javed Ahmad Ghamidi is a Pakistani Islamic modernist theologist who hosted a primetime religious-spiritual show on Dunya News. He has also taught at the Civil Services Academy from 1980 until 1991 and he is running an intellectual movement similar to Wastiyya in Egypt on the popular electronic media of Pakistan. Ghamidis discourse is primarily with the traditionalists on the one end and Jamaat-e-Islami, in Ghamidis arguments, there is no reference to the Western sources, human rights or current philosophies of crime and punishment. Nonetheless he reaches conclusions which are similar to those of Islamic modernists and progressives on the subject, Ghamidi was born on 18 April 1951 in a Muslim family from Jiwan Shah near Pakpattan, Sahiwal, Pakistan. His father belongs to a town called Daud some 80 kilometres from Lahore and his father follows qadri junaidi Sufi order. His early education included a modern path, as well as a traditional path and he later graduated from Government College, Lahore, with a BA Honours in English in 1972. Initially, he was interested in literature and philosophy. Later on, he worked with renowned Islamic scholars like Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi and Amin Ahsan Islahi on various Islamic disciplines particularly exegesis and Islamic law. In his book, Maqamat, Ghamidi starts with an essay My Name to describe the story behind his surname and this reputation also led to his reputation as a peacemaker. Subsequently, one of the visiting Sufi friends of his father narrated a story of the patriarch of the Arab tribe Banu Ghamid who earned the reputation of being a great peacemaker. He writes, that the closeness of these two events clicked in his mind and he decided to add the name Ghamidi to his given name. Ghamidis understanding of Islamic law has been presented concisely in his book Mizan, Ghamidi believes that there are certain directives of the Quran pertaining to war which were specific only to Muhammad and certain specified peoples of his times. Therefore, after Muhammad and his companions, there is no concept in Islam obliging Muslims to wage war for propagation or implementation of Islam, the only valid basis for jihad through arms is to end oppression when all other measures have failed. According to him Jihad can only be waged by an organised Islamic state, no person, party or group can take arms into their hands under any circumstances. The formation of an Islamic state is not a religious obligation per se upon the Muslims, in accordance with the law of the land which, as the government itself, must be based on the opinion of the majority. Ghamidi argues that the Quran states norms for male-female interaction in surah An-Nur, while in surah Al-Ahzab, there are special directives for Muhammads wives and directives given to Muslim women to distinguish themselves when they were being harassed in Medina. The Quran has created a distinction between men and women only to family relations and relationships. The Islamic punishments of hudud are maximum pronouncements that can be mitigated by a court of law on the basis of extenuating circumstances
2. Abul A'la Maududi – Syed Abul Ala Maududi was an Islamist philosopher, jurist, journalist and imam. His numerous works were written in Urdu, but then translated into English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Burmese and many other languages. He strove not only to revive Islam as a renewer of the religion, but to propagate true Islam and he was the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami, the largest Islamic organisation in Asia. He and his party are thought to have been the pioneer in politicizing islam and he was the first recipient of the Saudi Arabian King Faisal International Award for his service to Islam in 1979. After his death his Gayby Salat al-Janazah in Mecca, making him the person in history whose prayer was observed in the Kaaba. Maududi was born in Aurangabad India, then part of the princely state enclave of Hyderabad and he was the youngest of three sons of Maulana Ahmad Hasan, a lawyer by profession. His fathers mother was related to Islamic modernist thinker Sayyid Ahmad Khan, at an early age, until he was nine, Maududi was given home education, he received religious nurture at the hands of his father and from a variety of teachers employed by him. As his father wanted him to become a maulvi, this consisted of learning Arabic, Persian, Islamic law. He reportedly translated Qasim Amins The New Woman from Arabic into Urdu at the age of 14, and about 3,500 pages from Asfar and he then moved to a more traditionalist Darul Uloom in Hyderabad. In 1919, by the time he was 16, and still a modernist in mindset, he moved to Delhi and read books by his distant relative, comparing their contribution to that of Muslims, he concluded that the latters did not reach even 1 percent. From 1924 to 1927 Maududi was the editor of al-Jamiah, the newspaper of the Jamiyat-i Ulama, always interested in independence from the British, Maududi lost faith in the Congress Party and its Muslim allies in the 1920s as the party developed an increasingly Hindu identity. He began to turn more towards Islam, and believed that Democracy could be an option for Muslims only if the majority of Indians were Muslim. Maududi spent some time in Delhi as a man but went back to Hyderabad in 1928. It was from 1933 to 1941 that Maududis most important and influential works were published, Nasr describes his role at the time as a ideologue rather than a journalist he was earlier, or the political activist he became after founding his party. The government of Hyderabad helped support the journal buying 300 subscriptions which it donated to libraries around India, Maududi was alarmed by the decline of Muslim ruled Hyderabad, the increasing secularism and lack of Purdah among Muslim women in Delhi. By 1937 he became in conflict with Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind and its support for a pluralistic Indian society where the Jamiat hoped Muslims could thrive, without sacrificing their identity or interests. In that year he also married Mahmudah Begum, a woman from an old Muslim family with financial resources. The family provide financial help and allowed him to himself to research and political action, but his wife had liberated, modern ways
3. Mian Tufail Mohammad – Mian Tufail Mohammad was a renowned Pakistani religious political leader, lawyer, Islamic theologian, and former Secretary General and Emir of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan. He was born Kapurthala, Punjab, India and died in Lahore, during the Ayub era, nine prominent leaders belonging to different political parties were tried for mutiny under the Official Secret Act. The nine of them had decided to initiate a democratic movement, the trial lingered on for two years. Ultimately, the case was taken back by the government, for lack of evidence, in 1965, the joint opposition was organised, he was one of its central leaders. Along with other leaders of the COP, Mian Tufail toured the two wings of the country to create awareness and organise a strong national democratic movement. Kashful Mahjub, An Urdu commentary Dawat-e-Islami and Its Demands Several biographies have been written on his life, the most prominent one is the following, Mushahidaat Tufail Nama Tufail Qabila Raah-e-Nijat On 7 June 2009, he suffered a brain haemorrhage. He got hospitalised at Shaykh Zaid Hospital in Lahore, after staying in a state of coma for over 2 weeks Mian Sahab died on 25 June 2009 at the age of 95. A post-mortem conducted showed he died of brain hameorrage, at the time of his death, the only asset he possessed was the house he lived in, he prominently wore his trademark, plain white shalwar-kameezs, a Jinnah cap and a walking stick. Mian sahabs political legacy is significant throughout Pakistan, as one of the founding members of Jammat-e-Islami he is remembered in party history, his political legacy also descends down his family line
4. Shah Ahmad Noorani – Shah Ahmad Noorani, was a Pakistani, Sunni-Barelvi Islamic scholar, mystic, philosopher, revivalist and an ultra–conservative politician. Ahmad Noorani was born in Meerut, British India, into an ultra-religious Urdu-speaking family on 1 October 1926 and his father, Abdul Aleem Siddiqi was also an Islamic scholar and had accompanied him on Islamic missionary tours to various parts of the world in his early youth. He received his BA degree in Arabic language from the Allahabad University and his family moved to Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan after the partition of India. He established World Islamic Mission in 1972 which is based in Mecca and he was elected as member of the National Assembly from Constituency NW-134 after participating in general elections held in 1970 on Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistans platform. The JUP is main Sunni Barelvi political party of Pakistan, second time he was elected as MNA from Constituency NA-167 in Pakistani general election,1977. Since then, his influence on national politics further grew and eventually becoming a Senator in 1980s, assuming the presidency of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, he was known to have use tough rhetoric against Musharraf and formed a public support against Musharrafs policies in the country. He is now buried in Abdullah Shah Ghazi Mausoleum in Karachi
5. Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi born 25 November 1941) is a spiritual leader and founder of the spiritual movements RAGS International and Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam. RAGS International was renamed to Messiah Foundation International in 2000, MFI claims that Shahi is the Mehdi, Messiah, and Kalki Avatar. Shahi disappeared from view in 2001. There have been claims that he died in that year or in 2003, Shahi was born on 25 November 1941 in the village of Dhok Gohar Shah in the district of Rawalpindi of British India. He is a fifth generation descendant of the Sufi Baba Gohar Ali Shah, at the age of twenty, when he was the owner of F. Q. Steel Industries, Shahi began to search for spirituality, eventually he became disillusioned in this search and returned to work. Shahi then married and had three children, Shahi became popular as a Sufi preacher in Pakistan during the late 1970s. He formed RAGS International and Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam in 1980, the CEO of Messiah Foundation International is Younus AlGohar. Shahi claimed to have met with Jesus Christ in 1997 and he and many of his followers have been convicted under Islamic blasphemy laws by an antiterrorist court in Sindh. After he fled to England, Shahi was convicted in absentia, Shahi was reported to have disappeared in 2001, in London, afterwards, sightings of him were reported around the world of people claiming to have met and received spiritual guidance from him. There have been rumours of him dying, with sources reporting that he died in 2001. According to the Pakistani Press Foundation Shahi died in 2001, an article from 2006 in the Sunday Telegraph reports that Shahi died in 2003, and a 2009 article in Your Local Guardian also says that he was reported to have died in 2003. However, none of these reports have confirmed, as there is no body. On the other hand, the Indian news agency PTI reported in 2008 that Shahi was based in the United Kingdom after being convicted of blasphemy by the High Court of Sindh. This view is supported by the Indian Express which reported in 2008 that Shahi had fled to the United Kingdom and was based there. Zee News also supported this claim, the Hindustan Times has reported that he is serving a life term. The Sunday Leader in Sri Lanka stated that Shahi disappeared in 2001, of the two factions of Shahis followers, the Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam had asserted that Shahi died, and built a tomb for him at the Markazi Aastana in Kotri, where devotees performed pilgrimage. The MFI, in contrast, declares that he merely disappeared, Shahis family, including his wife, five sons and a daughter, still resides in Kotri