The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. The work is related to social and economic development. Each program participant, a Peace Corps Volunteer, is an American citizen, typically with a college degree, Volunteers work with governments, schools, non-profit organizations, non-government organizations, and entrepreneurs in education, business, information technology, agriculture, and the environment. After 24 months of service, volunteers can request an extension of service, from 1961 to 2015, nearly 220,000 Americans have joined the Peace Corps and served in 141 countries. The Peace Corps shows the willingness of Americans to work at the level in order to help underdeveloped countries meet their needs. The Peace Corps has affected the way people of other countries view Americans, how Americans view other countries, following the end of World War II, various members of the United States Congress proposed bills to establish volunteer organizations in developing countries. In that calling, these men would follow the work done by the religious missionaries in these countries over the past 100 years. In 1952 Senator Brien McMahon proposed an army of young Americans to act as missionaries of democracy, privately funded nonreligious organizations began sending volunteers overseas during the 1950s. The President, knowing how I felt, asked me to introduce legislation for all three, I introduced the first Peace Corps bill in 1957. It did not meet with much enthusiasm, Some traditional diplomats quaked at the thought of thousands of young Americans scattered across their world. Many senators, including liberal ones, thought it silly and an unworkable idea, now, with a young president urging its passage, it became possible and we pushed it rapidly through the Senate. It is fashionable now to suggest that Peace Corps Volunteers gained as much or more and that may be true, but it ought not demean their work. They touched many lives and made them better, Only in 1959, however, did the idea receive serious attention in Washington when Congressman Henry S. Reuss of Wisconsin proposed a Point Four Youth Corps. In 1960, he and Senator Richard L. Neuberger of Oregon introduced identical measures calling for a study of the ideas advisability and practicability. Both the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee endorsed the study, in this form it became law in June 1960. He later dubbed the proposed organization the Peace Corps, a brass marker commemorates the place where Kennedy stood. In the weeks after the 1960 election, the group at Colorado State University. Kennedys opponent, Richard M. Nixon, predicted it would become a cult of escapism, others doubted whether recent graduates had the necessary skills and maturity
Joseph M. Acaba
Joseph Michael Joe Acaba is an educator, hydrogeologist, and NASA astronaut. In May 2004 he became the first person of Puerto Rican heritage to be named as a NASA astronaut candidate, when he was selected as a member of NASA Astronaut Training Group 19. He completed his training on February 10,2006 and was assigned to STS-119, Acaba served as a Flight Engineer aboard the International Space Station, having launched on May 15,2012. He arrived at the station on May 17 and returned to Earth on September 17,2012 at 6. Acaba will return to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 53/54, acabas parents, Ralph and Elsie Acabá, from Hatillo, Puerto Rico, moved in the mid-1960s to Inglewood, California where he was born. They later moved to Anaheim, California, since his childhood, Acaba enjoyed reading, especially science fiction. In school, he excelled in science and math. As a child, his parents exposed him to educational films. During his senior year in school, Acaba became interested in scuba diving. This experience inspired him to further his education in the field of geology. In 1985, he graduated with honors from Esperanza High School in Anaheim, in 1990, Acaba received his Bachelors degree in Geology from the University of California, Santa Barbara and in 1992, he earned his Masters degree in Geology from the University of Arizona. Acaba was a Sergeant in the United States Marine Corps Reserves where he served for six years and he also worked as a hydrogeologist in Los Angeles, California. Acaba spent two years in the United States Peace Corps and trained over 300 teachers in the Dominican Republic in modern teaching methodologies and he then served as Island Manager of the Caribbean Marine Research at Lee Stocking Island in the Exumas, Bahamas. Upon his return to the United States, Acaba moved to Florida where he became Shoreline Revegetation Coordinator in Vero Beach and he taught one year of science and math in high school and four years at Dunnellon Middle School. He also briefly taught at Melbourne High School in Melbourne, Florida, upon his return to Earth in Fall 2012, Acaba began coursework for a Ph. D. in education from Texas Tech University through a distance learning program. On May 6,2004, Acaba and ten people were selected from 99 applicants by NASA as astronaut candidates. Acaba, who was selected as an Educator Mission Specialist, completed his training on February 10,2006 along with the other ten Astronaut Candidates. Upon completion of his training, Acaba was assigned to the Hardware Integration Team in the International Space Station branch, working technical issues with European Space Agency hardware
Charles C. Adams Jr.
Charles C. Adams Jr. is the former United States Ambassador to Finland. Previously, he was an American international arbitration expert and American political and social activist, based in Geneva, Switzerland, he served as co-chair of Americans Abroad for Obama, a Democratic Party fundraising and networking organization of Americans living overseas. He also served as a member of the National Finance Committee of the 2012 Barack Obama presidential campaign and he was nominated Ambassador to Finland by President Barack Obama in July 2014 and was confirmed by the U. S. Senate on June 24,2015. Adams was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, one of six children of Charles C, Adams, a career diplomat with the U. S. State Department, and the former Florence Schneider of Brooklyn, New York. He was raised in the countries of his father’s assignments, including Canada, France, Germany, Ghana, Morocco and Senegal, as well as the Washington and he attended Dartmouth College and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1968. From 1968-70, he was a Peace Corps volunteer, serving in Kenya, following the Peace Corps, he attended law school at University of Virginia, receiving his juris doctor degree in 1973. Adams began practicing law in Washington, D. C. Currently, Adams is partner at Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld and he leads the firms international arbitration practice, with a focus on high-value disputes, and serves as head of the firms Geneva office. He occasionally serves on international arbitration panels, and appears frequently on news media outlets. In 2012, Adams provided historical roots and context to current issues in an article titled The State of Arbitration, in an article published in early 2013, Adams makes a case that as costs rise, Switzerland is an ideal location to conduct international arbitration. The domestic courts take an approach, and the non-intrusion. is certainly a benefit. There is also a developed infrastructure in place and compared to other centers such as London or Paris it is perhaps surprisingly lower in cost. In addition to English, he speaks French, German and Swahili and he serves as Executive-in-Residence and on the board of advisers of the Taylor Institute, a research and post-graduate study center of Franklin University Switzerland. He also serves on the board of advisers of End Human Trafficking Now and he is a past president of the International Center for Humanitarian Reporting, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He is a member of the board of trustees of the Dubai International Arbitration Centre and he is a frequent guest lecturer at the International Development Law Organization, the University of Geneva and other institutions of legal education. He serves as a Member of the Board of Advisors of Global Panel Foundation, Akin Gump biography Charles C. Adams Jr. website Appearances on C-SPAN
Frank Almaguer is a United States diplomat and career Foreign Service Officer. He has served in positions with the Peace Corps, the U. S. Agency for International Development, the U. S. Department of State, Almaguer was born in Holguin, Cuba and grew up in Miami, Florida. He gained a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from the University of Florida, Almaguer served in the Peace Corps as a Volunteer in Orange Walk Town, Belize, as Associate PC Country Director in Belize, and as PC Country Director in Honduras. From 1979 to 1983, Almaguer served as Deputy Mission Director for USAID in Panama, from 1983 to 1986, Almaguer worked for USAID in Washington, DC as Director of the Office of South American and Mexican Affairs. From 1986 to 1990, he served as USAID Mission Director in Ecuador, from 1991 to 1993, Almaguer served as USAID Regional Mission Director for Eastern Europe, based in Washington. From 1993 to 1996, he served as USAID Deputy Assistant Administrator for Human Resources, from 1996 to 1999, he served as USAID Mission Director in Bolivia. Almaguer served as United States Ambassador to Honduras from August 1999 until September 2002, Almaguer retired from the US Foreign Service with the personal rank of Career Minister in November 2002. Almaguer was appointed as Secretary for Administration and Finance at the Organization of American States in February 2005 and he retired from that position in December 2010. Almaguer is married to the former Antoinette Gallegos of Albuquerque, New Mexico, has two children and four grandchildren. Announcement of appointment as Ambassador,16 April 1999 U. S. Dept. of State Bio at O. A. S
Howard Elliott Ashman was an American playwright and lyricist. He collaborated with Alan Menken on several works and is most widely known for several animated films for Disney, for which Ashman wrote the lyrics. Ashman and Menken began their collaboration with the musical God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, for which Ashman directed and wrote both book and lyrics. Their next musical, Little Shop of Horrors for which Ashman again directed, the partnerships first Disney film was The Little Mermaid, followed by Beauty and the Beast. After his death, some of Ashmans songs were included in another Disney film, Ashman was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Shirley Thelma and Raymond Albert Ashman, an ice cream cone manufacturer. Ashman first studied at Boston University and Goddard College and then went on to achieve his masters degree from Indiana University in 1974, after graduating from Indiana in 1974 he moved to New York and worked as an editor at Grosset & Dunlap. His first two plays, Cause Maggies Afraid of the Dark and Dreamstuff, were met with mixed reviews and his play The Confirmation was produced in 1977 at Princetons McCarter Theater and starred Herschel Bernardi. In 1977 he became the director of the WPA Theater in New York. He first worked with Alan Menken on the 1979 musical Kurt Vonneguts God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater and they also collaborated on Little Shop of Horrors with Ashman as director, lyricist, and librettist, winning the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics. Ashman was director, lyricist and bookwriter for the 1986 Broadway musical Smile, in 1986, Ashman was brought in to write lyrics for a song in Disneys Oliver & Company. While there, he was told about another project that they had working on for a couple years. The film was The Little Mermaid, Disneys first fairy tale in 30 years, Ashman, along with Alan Menken, wrote all of the songs for the film. Ashman became a force during the early years of the Disney Renaissance. He would hold meetings and said the animation and musical styles were made for each other which is why Disney needed to continue making musical movies. He also made strong choices in casting actors with strong musical theater, the Little Mermaid was released in November 1989 and it was an enormous success. Ashman and Menken received two Golden Globe nominations and three Academy Award nominations including two for Kiss The Girl and Under The Sea, for Ashman won both awards for the latter. In 1988, while working on The Little Mermaid, Ashman pitched to Disney the idea of a musical adaptation of Aladdin. After he wrote a group of songs with partner Alan Menken and a treatment, a screenplay was written by Linda Woolverton, who had worked on Beauty