Category:People from Anhalt-Dessau
Pages in category "People from Anhalt-Dessau"
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Anhalt-Dessau – Anhalt-Dessau was a principality of the Holy Roman Empire and later a duchy of the German Confederation. Ruled by the House of Ascania, it was created in 1396 following the partition of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst, the capital of the state was Dessau in present-day Saxony-Anhalt. The Principality of Anhalt arose in 1212 under its first ruler Henry I, named after Anhalt Castle, the ancestral seat of the Ascanian dynasty near Harzgerode, the principality experienced a number of partitions throughout its centuries-long existence. Anhalt-Dessau emerged when the two surviving sons of late Prince John II of Anhalt-Zerbst divided their heritage and the elder, Prince Sigismund I, upon the death of Sigismunds son Prince George I of Anhalt-Dessau in 1474, the principality was again divided with Anhalt-Köthen. Anhalt-Dessau was partitioned for a time in 1544 with Anhalt-Zerbst. From 1561 until 1603 Anhalt-Dessau was under the rule of the Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Köthen became extinct on the death of the Duke of Anhalt-Köthen,23 November 1847, and its territories were united to Anhalt-Dessau by Patent of 22 May 1853. Leopold III 1807–1817 Leopold IV 1817–1863 Renamed Duchy of Anhalt 1863, regnal chronology Hertslet, Edward, The map of Europe by treaty, showing the various political and territorial changes which have taken place since the general peace of 1814, London, Butterworths
2. Auguste of Anhalt-Dessau – Auguste was born on 18 August 1793 in Dessau as the eldest child of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, and his wife, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg. On 15 April 1816 she was married in Dessau to her first cousin, Frederick Günther and her widower, Prince Frederick Günther, remarried a daughter of her brother George in 1855. Her younger brother ruled the duchy of Anhalt from 1863 until his death in 1871 as Leopold IV. L. Renovanz. Schwarzburgischen Residenzstadt Rudolstadt, S.49, L. Renovanz,1860 S. Obbarius, Rudolstadt u. seine romantischen Umgebungen, L. Renovanz,1853
3. Henriette Amalie of Anhalt-Dessau – Princess Henriette Amalie of Anhalt-Dessau was the fifth and youngest daughter of Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, by his morganatic wife, Anna Louise Föhse. In 1741 the 21-year-old princess Henriette Amalie gave birth to an extramarital son, when she refused to marry the father — the son of a court retainer — she was banished from the Dessau court. During the next years she lived as a nun in Herford. Later her father tried to find a husband for her. In the meanwhile, she lived openly with the Baron of Rackmann, thanks to her intervention, he was raised to the rank of Imperial Count and Baron of Bangert. In 1753 the princess acquired a property with a house and orangery attached and she pursued extensive agriculture activities and made the estate virtually self-sufficient. She introduced silkworm breeding, kept bees, and sold oranges from her own residence, also, she fostered the cultivation of asparagus and the growing of other fruits and vegetables. In Kreuznach she acquired the estate of Bangert and established there a small castle in the classicist style to replace the old manor house. The princess managed her extended properties herself, and was also an enthusiastic farmer and her financial acumen became the basis for an independent and free life. She was said to have five times richer than the richest farmer in that region. With her wealth she supported numerous artists, in 1771 she extended her country house with annexes to the castle. Approximately 700 works of art were exhibited in the Galerie of the first floor of the remodeled castle, near the castle a Marmorbad was created. Around this time her son died at approximately 30 years of age, in 1790 she acquired a Frankfurt townhouse in Eschenheimer lane. When French revolutionary troops moved approached Frankfurt in 1792, Henriette Amalie fled to her native Dessau, Henriette Amalie herself died one year later, two days before her seventy-third birthday. She was buried in Dessau without any of her family members present for the funeral, walther Schmidt, Prinzessin Henriette Amalie von Anhalt-Dessau. Die Begründerin der Fürstlichen Amalienstiftung in Dessau, funk Verlag Bernhard Hein, Dessau 2009, ISBN 978-3-939197-38-6
4. Karl Adolph von Basedow – Carl Adolph von Basedow was a German physician most famous for reporting the symptoms of what could later be dubbed Graves-Basedow disease, now technically known as exophthalmic goiter. He subsequently began general practice in Merseburg in 1822 and he married early and became the towns chief medical officer, a position he would hold for the rest of his life. In 1840, Basedow reported on the conditions of what is now called Graves-Basedow disease and he died in Merseburg in 1854 after contracting spotted fever from a corpse he was dissecting. The term Basedow’s disease was suggested by Georg Hirsch in his Klinische Fragmente, karl Adolph von Basedow at WhoNamedIt. com European Thyroid Association - Milestones - Carl Adolph von Basedow
5. Jenny Hirsch – Jenny Hirsch was a German author and reformer. Jenny Hirsch was born on November 25,1829 in Zerbst, the daughter of Jakob Hirsch, a merchant and she was a tutor in Zerbst for several years. She went to Berlin in 1860 and wrote for the Bazar under the pseudonym J. N. Heynrichs until 1864, about that time, she became interested in womans rights and female education. She was a member of the Womens Congress of 1865 at Leipzig and she edited Der Frauenanwalt and, with Lina Morgenstern, Deutsche Hausfrauenzeitung. With Mary Wall, she wrote Haus und Gesellschaft in England, in 1881, she published Fürstin Frau Mutter, and after it many other tales. Among them are the titles, Die Erben, Vermisst, Löwenfelde, Der Amtmann von Rapshagen, Schuldig. Under the title Hörigkeit der Frau, she translated into German Mills Subjection of Woman, thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds
6. Ludwig Philippson – Luwig published his first effort, a translation of the prophets Hosea, Joel, Obadiah, and Nahum, when he was fifteen years old. He was educated at the gymnasium of Halle where his older brother Phöebus was studying medicine,1839 saw him continuing his education at the University of Berlin with a major in classical philology. As scholarships were not available to Jews and the family had exhausted their funds on educating Phöebus in medicine, Ludwig supported himself by tutoring, in 1830 he translated and annotated the works of two Judæo-Greek poets of Alexandria. A philological treatise on medical terms which revealed his qualities as a scholar, after graduating the University of Berlin at the age of 22 in 1833, he was invited to be a preacher/rabbi for the Magdeburg Jewish congregaton. He was to remain in Magdeburg for the next 28 years, after being introduced to the Wolffstein family of five daughters in Magdeburg, he married the youngest, Julianne Wolffstein, in 1836. They were to have 3 daughters, Johanna, Bertha and Rosalie, a son, Emil, was born in 1843 but died later in 1845. In 1837 he founded the Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums in order to promote the interests of Judaism and it was the longest continuously published Jewish newspaper in Germany. Allgemeine is “German Jewry’s most important newspaper, ” and is one of the most frequently cited sources of nineteenth-century German Jewry, however, after the 1871 unification of German states and the establishment of the second Reich, Allgemeine began to respond to the pernicious increase in anti-Semitism. Philippson would continue to edit that journal until his death in 1889, two years later he began an annotated German translation of the Hebrew Bible, which he completed in 1853. It was yet another German-Jewish translation of the bible, one of perhaps 20 dating back to the Moses Mendelssohn translation of 1780, sigmund Freud’s father, Jakob, knew the Hebrew Bible by heart and was a life long student of the Talmud. He eventually became influenced by the Jewish Enlightenment and subscribed to the publications of Ludwig and he substituted his classic Hebrew bible with the illustrated and annotated version of the Hebrew/German Ludwig Philippson’s Bible. This was the bible he used to teach his son, when Freud was 35, his father had the bible rebound and presented it to his son with the hope that he would return to the faith. Julianne Philippson died in 1843 of lung tuberculosis, Ludwig married again in 1844 to Mathilde Hirsch, the sister of the wife of his brother Julius. They were to have six children, Joseph, Franz, Richard, Martin, in 1847 he published Die Entwickelung der Religiösen Idee im Judenthum, Christenthum und Islam, which was followed by Die Religion der Gesellschaft, in 1848. Both of these works were translated into several languages, Ludwig was elected in 1848 for his region of Saxony to the Frankfurt National Assembly. The very next year he became a member of the Saxony trade council, on Feb.12,1855 Philippson published an article in Allgemeine proposing that a Jewish publication society be established. This led to the creation of the Institut zur Förderung der isralitischen Literatur in Leipzig in May of that year and it started with a subscriber membership of 1200 and increasing to over 2000 by the end of the year. That year the Austrian government prohibited anyone from become a member of the society and in 1858, with poor health and failing eye-sight Ludwig was forced surrender his position as Rabbi in Magdeburg in 1862
7. Hermann Raster – Raster was born in Zerbst, Anhalt-Dessau on May 6,1827 to a family of aristocrats. His father, statesman Christian Raster was the Administrative Officer and close friend of the Duke of Anhalt, Hermann was one of eight children, his siblings in order being Luise, Alexander, Wilhelm, Gustav, Askan, Wolfgang, and Sophie. Christian insisted young Hermann learned English and had a tutor brought from England to teach him, by the time Hermann was an adult he was fluent in seven languages. He graduated from the University of Leipzig in 1846 and then the University of Berlin in 1848, in 1849 he took a job as the stenographer of the Anhalt Legislature. He was very involved with the German liberal political scene of the late 1840s, in 1851, he was forced to leave Germany or face trial for his actions. Hermann arrived in New York City in July,1851 and first found employment as a wood-chopper at a farm near Tioga and he left for Buffalo in the spring of 1852, accepting the position of editor for the Buffalo Demokrat. His journalistic reputation grew quickly and in February 1853, Raster was made editor of the New York Abendzeitung and he had a wife, Emilia Berta Hahn Raster, born in 1836, and a daughter, Mathilde, with her in 1857. While living in New York, he became a member of the Republican Party. In 1856, he became an elector in the 1856 presidential election and he was a very strong supporter of Abraham Lincoln and helped convince the German and European communities to vote Republican. His wife, Emilia, died on October 14,1861, at the age of 25 and she is interred at Evergreens Cemetery in New York. Up until 1867 he was also the Wagonmaster of the United States Custom House, in 1867, Raster accepted the position as editor for the Illinois Staats-Zeitung in Chicago, where he remained until his death. In 1871 Hermann was given the position as Collector of Internal Revenue for the First Illinois District by President Ulysses S. Grant. In 1872, Raster resigned from the position as Collector of Internal Revenue to save time for the paper. That same year at the National Republican Convention in Philadelphia inserted the Raster Resolution in its platform which greatly opposed the Temperance movement, during the Haymarket Affair, Raster was trying to delegate the rioters before he left the scene when he realized any hope for the situation was lost. Once the perpetrators were caught he wrote a letter to the Governor, Raster died on July 24,1891 in Kudowa-Zdrój, Silesia where he had traveled in June 1890 because of his poor health. His body was brought back to the United States on board the SS Eider of the Norddeutscher Lloyd, on August 12 his funeral services were conducted at the German Press Club in Chicago, and speakers from as far away as New York and New Jersey attended. The hall was decorated with hanging crepes and his casket, made of walnut and his wife Margarethe refused to leave his casket and sobbed violently until the group convinced her to go to her carriage. S. Bonds in Europe than the efforts of all the U. S. ministers
8. Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer – Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer was a German historian. He was the first scientific historian to popularise history in German and he travelled extensively and served in German legislative bodies. He was born at Wörlitz in Anhalt-Dessau and his father, was Kammerdirektor in Anhalt and did great service to agriculture. After studying at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium, Berlin, and at the universities of Halle and Göttingen and he entered the Prussian civil service in 1801 as a civil magistrate, and rose in the service to become councillor to Chancellor Hardenberg in 1809. He was made a professor at the University of Breslau in 1811, in 1819, he became professor of political science and history at the University of Berlin holding the chair until 1847, and giving occasional lectures until 1853. He was for some time secretary of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and that position he also resigned in 1847. At different times between 1816 and 1855, he travelled extensively through Europe and the United States, in 1815, he carried on historical investigations in Venice, and in the two following years he travelled in Germany, Switzerland and Italy. He went to England in 1835, to Italy in 1839 and he revisited the United States 1853-55. These visits led to the publication of various works, returning from his 1841 journey through the United States Raumer was deeply impressed by the broad knowledge of average US citizens, whom he had encountered travelling on a Mississippi steam boat. His travel acquaintances ascribed their interest and knowledge to their access to books from public libraries, Raumer then started an initiative to open public libraries in Berlin too. By the end of 1841 Raumer and other enthusiasts first founded the Verein für wissenschaftliche Vorträge, the Verein, using the Singing Academy concert hall as its venue for lectures, succeeded to collect Thaler 4,000 forming the starting capital for Berlins to-be-founded public libraries in 1846. Until the end of the 1870s the Verein raised and provided funds amounting to the sixfolds of this initial sum, the Verein, however, wanted the city of Berlin to give a helping hand and take the libraries under its auspices. Raumer presented his ideas on public libraries, termed as Volksbibliotheken, in a memorandum in 1846, with effect of 1 August 1850 the first four public libraries opened, numbered I to IV. I was named after Raumer in 1955, in 1848 he was elected a member of the Frankfurt Parliament, where he associated himself with the right centre, supporting the proposal for a German empire under the supremacy of Prussia. He was sent to Paris as ambassador by imperial regent Archduke John of Austria, after the breakdown of the German parliament, Raumer returned to Berlin, where he was made a member of the House of Lords of Prussia. He died at Berlin in 1873 and his grave is preserved at a cemetery in the Kreuzberg section of Berlin, the Friedhof II der Dreifaltigkeits-Kirchengemeinde on Bergmannstraße, Berlin. His most famous works are Geschichte der Hohenstaufen und ihrer Zeit and his first work, published anonymously in 1806, was entitled Sechs Dialoge über Krieg und Handel. A. Brockhaus, which was continued by Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl after 1871. ”According to Appletons Cyclopædia of American Biography, “He is justly considered as one of the historians of the 19th century. ”His brother, Karl Georg von Raumer, was a geologist