Cullman is a city and the county seat of Cullman County, Alabama, United States. It is located along Interstate 65, about 50 miles north of Birmingham, as of the 2010 census it had a population of 14,775, with an estimated population of 15,350 in 2015. In the time before European settlement, the area today includes Cullman was originally in the territory of the Cherokee Nation. During the Creek War in 1813, General Andrew Jackson of the U. S. Army dispatched a contingent of troops down the trail, in the 1820s and the 1830s, two toll roads were built linking the Tennessee Valley to present-day Birmingham. The road passed near present-day Vinemont through Cullman, Good Hope, the road was later extended to Elyton in 1827. It then became known as Stouts Road, what later became the Brindley Turnpike became an extension of Stouts Road to Decatur. Cullman later became located between the juncture of the two roads, and they predated the corridor of U. S. Route 31, during the Civil War, the future location of Cullman was the site of the minor Battle of Days Gap. On April 30,1863, Union forces under the command of Colonel Abel Streight won a victory over forces under Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and this battle was part of a campaign and chase known collectively as Streights Raid. Although Streight got the hand in this battle, Forrest would have the last laugh. In one of the humorous moments of the war, Streight sought a truce. Although Streights force was larger than Forrests, while the two were negotiating, Forrest had his troops march repeatedly in a route past the site of the talks. Thinking himself to be outnumbered, Streight surrendered to Forrest on the spot. Cullman itself was founded in 1873 by Colonel John G. Cullmann, Cullmann had been an advocate of democratic reforms in his native Bavaria, and he fled when the autocratic Prussian-dominated regime emerged ascendant after the Revolutions of 1848. Five German families moved to the area in March 1873, in 1874, over the next twenty years, Cullmann encouraged around 100,000 Germans to immigrate to the United States, with many settling in the Cullman area. Cullmann drew on his engineering training in laying out and planning the town. During this period, Cullman underwent considerable growth, German continued to be widely spoken, and Cullmann himself was the publisher of a German-language newspaper. When Cullmann died in 1895, at the age of 72, the site Cullmann selected for his headquarters is now his gravesite. For many years Cullman was a town, with Saint Bernard College serving as the home of several hundred students
Jim Folsom Jr.
James Elisha Folsom Jr. is an American Democratic politician who was the 50th Governor of Alabama from April 22,1993 to January 16,1995. He has also served as Lieutenant Governor of Alabama on two separate occasions, born in Montgomery, Alabama, he is the son of former First Lady of Alabama Jamelle Folsom and legendary two-term Alabama Governor James E. Big Jim Folsom Sr. Jim Folsom Jr. is therefore known as Little Jim even though he is well over six feet tall, in 1974, he graduated from Jacksonville State University, where he presently serves as a trustee. During his first run for an office, he lost the primary to incumbent Democratic Congressman Tom Bevill by an overwhelming margin. However he was elected to the Alabama Public Service Commission in 1978. In 1980, he ran for the U. S. Senate and attacked the incumbent, Donald W. Stewart, as being too liberal for Alabama and called him a puppet of the great Washington power structure. Although Stewart outspent Folsom with 500,000 to 75,000 USD, he narrowly missed winning majority in the primary. He was re-elected to the Alabama Public Service Commission in 1982, Folsom narrowly lost the next general election to Republican Jeremiah Denton, who was aided by the Ronald Reagan landslide, which helped Republican candidates across the country. He served under Governor H. Guy Hunt, the first Republican Alabama Governor since Reconstruction, Hunt and Folsom also happen to be from the same county. In 1993, Hunt was convicted of state ethics law violations regarding the funding of Hunts second inaugural ceremonies, like most states, Alabamas constitution bars convicted felons from holding office. As a result, Hunt was forced to resign on April 22,1993, only weeks after Folsom assumed the office, state officials were approached by Mercedes-Benz about the possibility of locating its first manufacturing plant outside Germany in Alabama. Over the following months, Folsom led Alabamas efforts to recruit the facility, the prestige of the Mercedes plant opened the door for future automotive plants to locate in the state. Within six days after taking office Governor Folsom ordered the removal of the Confederate flag from the capitol to a memorial. His de facto Chief of Staff was his friend and confidant, Charlie Waldrep. Governor Folsom also appointed a number of African Americans and women to his staff, in 1994, he ran for a full four-year term in his own right, but was narrowly defeated by former Democratic Governor Fob James, who was running as a Republican. Although some regarded Folsom as a popular Governor, he won only 54% of the vote in the Democratic primary, in 2006, Folsom reentered state politics, running again as the Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor. Folsom endorsed former Governor of Vermont Howard Dean in 2004 Democratic presidential primaries, in the 1988 primaries, he supported Al Gore. Lt. Gov. Jim Folsom Jr. announced on April 1,2009, on November 2,2010, Folsom was defeated in a re-election bid for an unprecedented fourth term by the Republican candidate, State Treasurer Kay Ivey
James Elisha Folsom Sr. commonly known as Jim Folsom or Big Jim Folsom, was the 42nd governor of the U. S. state of Alabama, having served from 1947 to 1951, and again from 1955 to 1959. Born in Coffee County in southeastern Alabama, Folsom was among the first southern governors to embrace integration and enforcement of civil rights for African Americans. In his Christmas message on December 25,1949, he said, As long as the Negroes are held down by deprivation and lack of opportunity, after service in the United States Merchant Marine in the early 1930s, Folsom became an insurance salesman. He attended the University of Alabama, Samford University in Birmingham, before his gubernatorial campaigns, he won a race only once, as delegate to the 1944 Democratic National Convention. He was a supporter of keeping Vice President Henry A. Wallace on the ticket, rather than replacing him with Harry S. Truman of Missouri. Folsom was elected governor for the first time in 1946 and he waged a colorful campaign with a hillbilly band, brandishing a mop and bucket that he said would clean out the Capitol. Johnston dropped the suit in June for a settlement from Folsom. However, despite the paternity suit and other scandals that arose during his administration, the Alabama Constitution at that time forbade a governor from succeeding himself, then a common provision in most southern states. Folsom was 68 and employed the slogan the little mans big friend, in 1958, Governor Folsom commuted a death sentence imposed on James E. Wilson, an African American sentenced to death for a $1.95 robbery. The Wilson case sparked protests, but some segregationists called for Folsom not to commute the sentence. On the other hand, Folsom did not intervene in another case, that of Jeremiah Reeves. In 1962, Folsom again ran for governor against his one-time protégé George C, a sardonic slogan emerged during that campaign, referring to Folsoms reputation for taking graft, Something for everyone and a little bit for Big Jim. Folsom sometimes referred to the emoluments of office and once told a campaign crowd and that crowd I got it from, you had to steal it to get it. I stole for you, and you, and you, Folsoms campaign was also damaged by a television appearance where he appeared to have been seriously intoxicated and unable to remember his own childrens names. Both the appearance and the supposed slogan hurt him with the middle class. Folsom ran again for governor in 1966, when he faced three other leading Democrats in the primary, former U. S, in the general election Lurleen Wallace handily defeated the Republican nominee, James D. Martin, a one-term U. S. representative from Gadsden. Folsom never again was elected to public office, Folsom ran several times for public office but was not taken seriously by his political opponents. The former governor was plagued by ill health in the years of his life
Harold E. Martin
Harold Eugene Martin was a Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper editor and publisher who was also a director of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. During his career, Martin lived in the U. S. states of Alabama, New York, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Martin won the Pulitzer in 1970 as the editor of the morning Montgomery Advertiser and the afternoon Alabama Journal. Martin hired two detectives to help him gather the information, but he also had a source within the prison system. The revelations brought about a shakeup of the corrections department under then rival Governors Albert Brewer. While publisher at the Montgomery Advertiser, Martin led an investigation by the newspaper into a cover up involving planting a gun on Bernard Whitehurst who was shot in the back. The investigation eventually led to the resignation of the Montgomery police chief, to dispute the claim that newspaper fabricated stories Martin, took and passed a polygraph. At the Montgomery Advertiser, Martin also opposed Governor Wallaces segregationist policies, an irate Wallace cancelled state advertising in the newspaper by the public-owned liquor business, an action which may have cost the company as much as $500,000. Harold Martin never flinched, recalled Ray Jenkins, the Advertisers former executive editor, Martin was born to Rufus John Martin and the former Emma Meadows in Cullman, the seat of Cullman County in northern Alabama. The family moved to Birmingham, the states largest city, where Martin graduated from Phillips High School and was a copy reader. He served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II, Martin procured a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1954 from Baptist-affiliated Samford University in Homewood, a suburb of Birmingham. At the time Samford was known as Howard College, in 1961, he taught two advanced journalism courses -- advertising and libel law—at his alma mater Howard. He was named Howards Alumnus of the Year in 1970, after he won his Pulitzer Prize, in 1956, Martin received his Master of Arts at the private Syracuse University in Syracuse, the seat of Onondaga County in central New York. Thereafter he was the assistant business manager for the Syracuse Herald from 1957–1958 and he maintained ties to Syracuse for many years, having served on the board of the School of Public Communications. The Martins moved to St. Louis in 1958, where he was named assistant production manager of the defunct St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Martin then returned to Birmingham, where in 1960, he became assistant general manager of the Birmingham News. In 1963, he accepted the position with the Montgomery Advertiser in the state capital. He was named editor in 1967, over the years, Martin served on many boards, including that of Virginia Military Institute in Lexington and the Alabama Baptist state denominational newspaper. A member of the Southern Baptist denomination since childhood, Martin served for twenty years with the Graham Association, now based in Charlotte, on November 25,1945, Martin married the former Jean Elizabeth Wilson of Goldsboro, North Carolina. In 1980, Martin was named president of Jefferson-Pilot Publications and simultaneously the publisher of the Beaumont Enterprise, Martin retired in 1985, when Jefferson-Pilot Publications was sold to the Hearst Corporation
William Clyde Martin, Jr.
William Clyde Martin, Jr. was an American physicist. After receiving his Ph. D. degree from Princeton University in 1956, he joined the staff of the National Bureau of Standards, Martin was in born in Cullman, Alabama on November 27,1929. He received a B. S. degree in physics from the University of Richmond in 1951, and his Ph. D. supervisor at Princeton was Allen Shenstone. As a student at Princeton, he had encounters with Albert Einstein. Martin served as an instructor in physics at Princeton during 1955–1957, in 1959 he married Dolores Moyano. They had two sons, Eric B, the generation, curation and publication of critically evaluated data on atomic energy levels was a major scientific activity of NBS when Martin joined its staff. That program had resulted in the publication of three landmark monographs, in 1963, he established that the ground level of atomic cerium is of the form 6s25d4f 1G4°, in standard notation. At the time, it was believed that the ground electronic configuration of this element was 6s24f2. Martin and his co-workers initiated analyses that covered data from all ions of most second-row elements in the periodic table, at that time it was clear that the vast expansion of atomic data could no longer be adequately disseminated by print publications alone. Many NIST data publications had been converted to storage media. In the early 1990s, perceiving the potential of the World Wide Web and this was the first foray of NIST into free online data distribution, which remains in place today and has since been followed by other NIST data resources. The most comprehensive of the NIST atomic data products is the NIST Atomic Spectra Database, first placed online in March,1995, it was serving about 60,000 page requests per month in late 2013. He was also the architect of the NIST Periodic Table, Atomic Properties of the Elements, another of Martins abiding concerns was the accurate description of the spectrum of atomic helium. Martins publications on this spectrum, beginning in his years at NBS and spanning five decades. Department of Commerce Silver Medal Department of Commerce Gold Medal William F. Meggers Award, Martin, National Institute of Standards and Technology scientist, dies at 83. Reader, Joseph, Lide, David R. William C, reader, Joseph, Lide, David R. William C
Julian L. McPhillips
Julian L. McPhillips, Jr. is a U. S. lawyer and was a candidate for Attorney General of Alabama in 1978. In 2002, McPhillips lost out in the Democratic nomination to challenge first-term Republican incumbent Jeff Sessions for a U. S. Senate seat in Alabama, julian McPhillips is the son of an Episcopalian priest, and Eleanor Elizabeth. He was born in Birmingham, Alabama but raised in Cullman and his father served in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Julian was an All-American collegiate wrestler at Princeton, twice Eastern AAU heavyweight wrestling champion, julian worked as a Wall Street attorney, from 1971–75. He moved back to Alabama in 1975 and began working as Assistant Attorney General under Alabama Attorney General Bill Baxley, specializing in white collar crime prosecution. He left in 1977 and began a campaign for Attorney General that year where he would finish out of nine candidates for Attorney General in the unofficial results in 1978. He lost his spot in the late changing official vote three days later. After the loss, McPhillips went into private practice, in 2002, McPhillips lost out in the Democratic nomination to challenge the first-term Republican incumbent, Senator Jeff Sessions for a senate seat in Alabama. He won many counties in the part of the state. Parker then lost to Jeff Sessions in the United States Senate election in Alabama in 2002, McPhillips is an opponent of abortion on demand. His brother, Frank D. McPhillips is an attorney in Birmingham, Alabama, a Democrat and a delegate to the 2008 Democratic National Convention
Joshua Alan Rutledge is an American professional baseball infielder with Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. He has also played in MLB for the Colorado Rockies, Rutledge won a state championship in high school before playing college baseball for the Alabama Crimson Tide baseball team. Then, after a stint in the minor leagues, he made his MLB debut for the Rockies in 2012. Rutledge attended Cullman High School, where he was a starter on the baseball team. In 2006, he had an average of.436 with five home runs and 33 runs batted in. Cullman was the runner-up in the Class 5A state championship, in 2007, his senior season, Rutledge hit.454 with 12 home runs and 69 RBI, and he helped his team win the state championship. The Birmingham News and the Alabama Sports Writers Association named him the Class 5A Player of the Year, Rutledge enrolled at the University of Alabama and played shortstop for the Alabama Crimson Tide baseball team. In 2008, as a freshman, he started 61 games and led the team in batting average, hits, runs scored and he became the second freshman to ever lead the team in hitting. From March 26 to May 10, he had a 28-game hitting streak, in 30 SEC games, he batted.406, and his 56 hits led the league. The following season, Rutledge batted.305 with five runs and 44 RBIs. He was named to the All-SEC first team, the Colorado Rockies selected Rutledge in the third round of the 2010 Major League Baseball Draft, and he signed with the team on June 25. That season, he played 11 games for the Northwest Leagues Tri-City Dust Devils, the following season, he played for the Modesto Nuts of the California League. He batted.348 with 9 home runs and 71 RBI and was named the player of the week twice. Rutledge was then moved up to the Tulsa Drillers of the Class AA Texas League in 2012 and he hit.308 with 13 home runs and 35 RBI. Rutledge was called up to the major league Rockies in 2012 to play shortstop while Troy Tulowitzki was injured, Rutledge made his MLB debut on July 13. In his first 145 at bats, he batted.345 with 24 extra base hits, towards the end of the season, he injured his quadriceps and batted.197 in September. He finished his first major league season with a.274 batting average,8 home runs, a natural shortstop, Rutledge began playing other infield positions in 2014. On December 11,2014, the Rockies traded Rutledge to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim for Jairo Díaz, on July 27,2015, the Angels traded Rutledge to the Boston Red Sox for Shane Victorino and $3. 8M in cash considerations
Channing Matthew Tatum is an American actor, dancer, and former stripper. Tatum made his debut in the drama film Coach Carter. His breakthrough role was in the 2006 dance film Step Up and he is known for his portrayal of the character Duke in the 2009 action film G. I. Joe, The Rise of Cobra and its 2013 sequel G. I, Joe films received negative reviews from critics, they were commercially successful, grossing more than $300 million at the box office. Tatum is also known for his role in Magic Mike. He appeared in films as Dear John and The Vow and his other films include Shes the Man, The Dilemma, White House Down, the drama Foxcatcher, The Hateful Eight and Hail, Caesar. Tatum was born in Cullman, Alabama, the son of Kay, a worker, and Glenn Tatum. He has a sister named Paige and he is mostly of English ancestry. His family moved to the Pascagoula, Mississippi area when he was six and he grew up in the bayous near the Mississippi River, where he lived in a rural setting. Tatum has discussed having dealt with attention deficit disorder and dyslexia while growing up, athletic while growing up, he played football, soccer, track, baseball, and performing martial arts, he has said that girls were always biggest distraction in school. As a child, he practiced wuzuquan kung fu, Tatum spent most of his teenage years in the Tampa area, and initially attended Gaither High School. He later attended Glenville State College in Glenville, West Virginia on a football scholarship and he returned home and started working odd jobs. US Weekly reported that around this time Tatum left his job as a roofer and began working as a stripper at a local nightclub, in 2010, he told an Australian newspaper that he wanted to make a movie about his experiences as a stripper. That idea led to the movie Magic Mike, Tatum moved to Miami, where he was discovered by a model talent scout. In 2000, Tatum was first cast as a dancer in Ricky Martins She Bangs music video, after an audition in Orlando, Florida and his experience in the fashion industry began as a model working for noted clients such as Armani and Abercrombie & Fitch. He soon moved into television commercials, landing spots for Mountain Dew. He subsequently signed with Page 305, an agency in Miami. He was cast by Al David for Vogue magazine and soon appeared in campaigns for Abercrombie & Fitch, Nautica, Dolce & Gabbana, American Eagle Outfitters
Holly Audrey Williams is an American singer-songwriter and musician. She is the granddaughter of Hank Williams, Sr. the daughter of Hank Williams, Jr. Williams has released three studio albums, The Ones We Never Knew in 2004, Here with Me in 2009 and The Highway in 2013. The Highway was released on Williams own label, Georgiana Records, williamss mother, Becky, is a native of Mer Rouge, Louisiana, and was married for ten years to Hank Williams, Jr. She was born in Cullman, Alabama, and has a sister named Hilary. Her parents separated when she was young, at age 17, Williams began playing one of her fathers guitars, and soon began writing songs. Williams graduated from Brentwood Academy and decided to pursue her passion of songwriting and continue playing guitar and she bought her domain name, recorded an EP, started a website, and booked herself all over Nashville clubs. Soon after signing with CAA, she performed shows throughout the US and usually toured alone with a guitar. She went to the UK to open for songwriter Ron Sexsmith with a full of EPs. After the release of her first EP in 2003, she signed with Universal South Records and toured with Billy Bob Thornton, Jewel, Train, Keith Urban, Universal South released her debut album, The Ones We Never Knew, in 2004. This album garnered Williams much critical acclaim and she headlined shows in Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Spain, Australia, Wales, Ireland, and the US. In March 2006, Williams was injured in a car crash with her sister Hilary Williams and her sister was seriously injured, enduring 23 surgeries. Holly Williams right arm and wrist were broken, she was unsure of when she would play again and she wrote Without Jesus Here With Me about her experience during the time of the car accident, it was released on her next record. Hilary Williams wrote a book called Sign of Life about her experience, holly Williams made small musical appearances at this time, one of them joining John C. Reilly in Nashville, Tennessee to sing Lets Duet during the release of Walk Hard, after a long break Williams began playing guitar and writing songs again, she signed with Luke Lewis at Mercury Records. Williams second studio album, Here with Me, was released in June 2009, to promote the album, Williams appeared on The Tonight Show with Conan OBrien, The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson, Jimmy Kimmel Live. and Chelsea Lately. People magazine named Williams 2009 album one of the top ten albums of the year, Billboard said it was one of the best singer/songwriter albums to come out of Nashville. She filmed a video for Alone and Three Days In Bed in Paris. Williams finished a tour in Europe in early 2010, and continued the rest of the year headlining gigs