Category:People from Guria
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Pages in category "People from Guria"
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to People from Guria.|
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Guria – Guria is a region in Georgia, in the western part of the country, bordered by the eastern end of the Black Sea. The region has a population of 113,000, with Ozurgeti as the regional capital, Guria is bordered by Samegrelo to the north-west, Imereti to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east, Ajaria to the south, and the Black Sea to the west. The province has an area of 2,033 km², Guria is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude. Guria consists of three municipalities, Ozurgeti Lanchkhuti Chokhatauri The toponym Guria is first attested in the c.800 Georgian chronicle of Pseudo-Juansher. The principality, comprising modern Guria and much of Adjara with the city of Batumi, was reduced in size. There were uprisings against Russian rule in 1819 and again in 1841, in 1840, Guria was made a county and renamed Ozurgeti, after one of its main towns. In 1846, it was transferred to the new Kutais Governorate, by 1904, the population was just under 100,000, occupying an area of approximately 532,000 acres of mountains and swampy valleys, covered by corn fields, vineyards, and some tea plantations. The peasants’ self-government, the so-called Gurian Republic, survived into 1906, the region was a native powerbase of the Georgian Social Democratic Party which dominated the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921. Guria was a scene of guerrilla resistance to the militarily imposed Soviet rule early in the 1920s, under the Soviet government, Guria was an agrarian area divided into three administrative districts. In 1995, the Georgian government decreed the creation of the region of Guria, the Orthodox churches of Likhauri and Shemokmedi are the main historical buildings in the province. According to an explanation, in the times of Georgia’s prosperity. The linguistic evidence for the hypothesis is the Megrelian for “heart” – “guri”. Subtropic farming and tourism is a mainstay of the region’s economy, water is one of the Guria’s main assets. The province is famous for the water of Nabeglavi, which is similar to Borjomi in its chemical composition. Guria is also one of the largest tea growing regions in Georgia, the Gurians or Gurulebi is one of the ethnographical groups of Georgians, inhabiting Guria. Gurians are Orthodox Christian and speak the Gurian dialect of the Georgian language, gabriel Kikodze, the Bishop of Imereti. Noe Zhordania, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921, pavle Ingorokva, historian, philologist, and public benefactor
2. Kita Abashidze – Prince Kita Abashidze was a Georgian literary critic, journalist, and politician. Abashidze was born into a family in the province of Guria. Having graduated from Kutaisi Classic Gymnasium, he attended the lectures in philosophy and art theory in Paris, later in the 1890s, he worked for the Tiflis control chamber, and then as an arbitrator in Racha and Chiatura in western Georgia. From 1893 onward, he engaged in journalism and regularly wrote literary criticism for Georgian press and his aesthetics and views on the contemporary Georgian and world literature were shaped under the influence of the Georgian intellectuals of the 1860s and the French critic Ferdinand Brunetière. In the early 1900s, Abashidze was involved in the management of Chiatura manganese industry and he also joined the Georgian Socialist-Federalist Revolutionary Party and became one of its leaders. In March 1917, he was replaced in the Ozakom with the Social-Democrat Akaki Chkhenkeli
3. Nodar Dumbadze – Nodar Dumbadze was a Georgian writer and one of the most popular authors in the late 20th-century Georgia. Born in Tbilisi, he graduated from the Faculty of Economics at Tbilisi State University in 1950, the same year, his first poems and humorous stories appeared in the Georgian press. He edited the satirical magazine Niangi from 1967 until 1972 when he became a secretary of the Union of Georgian Writers and a member of the presidium of the Union of Soviet Writers in 1972. Most of his fame came through his novels Me, Grandma, Iliko and Ilarioni, I Can See the Sun, The Sunny Night, Don’t Be Afraid, the White Banners, and The Law of Eternity. His works are remarkable for simplicity and lyricism of the prose, humor and he was awarded the Shota Rustaveli State Prize in 1975 and the Lenin Prize in 1980. Most of his works have been dramatized and/or filmed. He died in Tbilisi and was buried there, at the Children’s Town Mziuri founded by him, in September 2009, he was reburied to the Mtatsminda Pantheon. Nodar Dumbadzes first works published in 1956-1957 - three books of humorous stories, after this in 1957 he gave up his lab work to immerse himself fully in a literary career. He worked in the departments of various journals and in the screenwriting division of Kartuli Pilmi. He continued to publish stories and published the collection Village Boy in 1959. He scored a success with the largely semi-autobiographical novel Granny, Iliko, Illarion. The novel is set in a Georgian village during the years of World War II, all able-bodied men are off at the war front, leaving only women and elderly men behind. At the center of the novel, is a young orphan Zurikela, his grandmother, Dumbadzes next novel, is also autobiographical - I See the Sun. IT is also set in the war years and it describes the situation in the villages. Sosoia is teenager who loves blind Khatia, which will be cured in the finale of the novel, in The Sunny Night, the hero struggles to find a way to reestablish a connection with his mother, who has just returned from twelve years of exile. In a further complication, the hero must decide whether or not to save the life of the villain who caused his familys ruin, depicts the life of Soviet border guards. Masculine friendships, the tragedy of losing a comrade, and the pain of unrequited love are all addressed in a manner typical of Dumbadze. When preparing this novel, Dumbadze received special permission to serve in a border-patrol unit, the White Flags follows the fate of a someone unjustly convicted of a murder he did not commit
4. Shalva Kikodze – Shalva Kikodze was a Georgian expressionist painter, graphic artist and theatre decorator. Together with Lado Gudiashvili and David Kakabadze, he is considered a key figure in Georgian art of the early 20th century and he was born in a remote Georgian village Bakhvi, Guria, then part of the Russian Empire. From 1914 to 1918, he studied at Moscow School of Painting, in 1916, he took part in an expedition to the Georgian village Nabakhtevi and made copies of the 15th-century murals from the local church. He stayed in his motherland for a period of 1918-1920. Afterwards he moved to Paris, where he, together with his fellow painters, Gudiashvili and Kakabadze and he died in Freiburg, Germany, on November 7,1921 Most of his works are now on display at the Art Museum of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia. “Khevsureti”,1920 “Luxembourg Garden”,1920 “Gurian woman holding a jar in her hand”,1921 “Ajarian women in chadors”,1921 “In the restaurant”,1921
5. Vasilij Kvachantiradze – Vasil Kvachantiradze was a top Soviet sniper during World War II. Kvachantiradze was born in a village in the Georgian region of Guria, however, his idea of travelling to Moscow for starting up a business career fell short when the war started. In 1941 Kvachantiradze joined the Red Army, soon he was set in as a sniper of the same detachments, 259th infantry Regiment and scored his first kills. While the greater number is in fact also referred as to confirmed kills by different sources as total amount of fatal shots and his victims were mainly officers but also soldiers, including enemy sharpshooters and snipers. Kvachantiradze managed to improvise traps and ambushes without exposing his position a single time, the morale of the German soldiers was wavering by deadly sniper fire. Alone there, Kvachantiradze scored around 44-60 kills, thus a Soviet counterattack was made possible. What did happen, when a combined Soviet infantry and mechanized assault could break through the circle easily, Kvachantiradze left the army in 1945 and became chairman in the Supreme Soviet Presidium USSR of the Soviet Kolkhoz. Vasilij Shalvovich Kvachantiradze died on February 9,1950 at the age of 43, snipers of the Soviet Union List of Georgians
6. Konstantin Leselidze – Konstantin Nikolaevich Leselidze, was a Colonel-General and Hero of the Soviet Union who distinguished himself at the North, Transcaucasus and Ukrainian front during World War II. He was also the brother of Viktor Nikolaevich Leselidze Leselidze was born on October 2 or 15,1903 in Ozurgeti. He was the brother of another decorated warhero, colonel Victor Leselidze who also died in the same year of the war. In May 1921 after graduating high school in Tbilisi Leselidze joined the Red Army and was deployed primarily in Georgia. Leselidze was member of the All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks already since 1925, during the period of 1922 to 1938 he commanded artillery units from batteries to regiments and the Georgian Joint Military School. In June 1938 he got appointed to chief of artillery, infantry division and was active during the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, from February 1941 to the outbreak of hostilities, colonel Leselidze was chief of artillery, rifle corps in the Belorussian Special Military District. In the first year of war, colonel Leselidze remained in command of the artillery in the 2nd infantry corps, in June 1942 he became commander of the 3rd Infantry Corps, 46th Army of the Transcaucasus Front. Only two months later, Leselidze was promoted to general and given command over the 46th Army. The troops under his command exposed great bravery and Leselidzes tactics managed to defend the Caucasus from Wehrmacht takeover and his forces did also claim a foothold on the Kerch Peninsula, north-east of Kerch itself. In Tbilisi, a street in the center of the city was named after General Leselidze, streets were named after him in the cities of Batumi, Sochi, Novorossiysk and Gelendzhik. Советская военная энциклопедия / под ред, Великая Отечественная война1941 —1945. Герои Советского Союза, Краткий биографический словарь / Пред, — Т.1 /Абаев — Любичев/. № в РКП 87-95382 Коллектив авторов, Военный биографический словарь / Под общей ред. — ISBN 5-86090-113-5 National archives of Georgia Personal fund #1777 of Colonel-General K. Leselidze, inventory #1, in the building, which is located on this street, during January-February of 1944 housed the headquarters of the 18th Army
7. Filipp Makharadze – Filipp Makharadze was a Georgian Bolshevik revolutionary and government official. Born in the village of Shemokmedi, he studied at the Theological Seminary in Tbilisi and he joined the Social Democratic movement in 1891 and participated in activities in Georgia and Azerbaijan. In 1907-1915, he led various Bolshevik groups in Transcaucasia and, after the February Revolution, in April 1917, he was elected as a delegate to the 7th RSDRP Conference and served in the Bolshevik Caucasian Region Committee. In 1919-1920, he led Bolshevik groups resisting the Menshevik government of independent Georgia, after the Soviet takeover of Georgia, he became chairman of the Georgian Revolutionary Committee in February 1921 and then directed the Georgian Central Executive Committee. In 1922, Makharadze was involved in the Georgian Affair and opposed Sergo Ordzhonikidze’s designs in respect to Georgia, over the next decade, Makharadze headed the Transcaucasian SFSR Gosplan, the Georgian Council of People’s Commissars and the Transcaucasian SFSR Central Executive Committee. In 1938, he became the Chairman of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR and he attended the 12-18th Congresses of the Communist Party and directed the Institute of Marxism–Leninism
8. Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko – Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko was born into a mixed Ukrainian-Armenian family in the village of Shemokmedi near Ozurgeti. His father was an officer of the Russian army, and his mother and he was educated at High school in Tbilisi and then at Moscow State University. In 1879 he left the University for the theatre, starting as a critic, and in 1881, his first play Dog-rose. He was a teacher of Moskvin, Knipper and Meyerhold, in 1919 he established the Musical Theatre of the Moscow Art Theatre, which was reformed into the Nemirovich-Danchenko Musical Theatre in 1926. In 1943 Nemirovich-Danchenko established the Moscow Art Theatre School, which is still extant, Nemirovich-Danchenko opened for theatre a true sense of Chekhov and Gorky plays, a prose of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy. It has been said that If Stanislavsky was the soul of Art Theatre, Nemirovich-Danchenko created an acting and directing style of the Moscow Art Theatre, actors ensemble and atmosphere. Because of this the Moscow Art Theatre was considered the best theatre of the world at that time, but Nemirovich didnt write down his system of acting and we know only the system of Stanislavski. He was one of the first recipients of the title of Peoples Artist of the USSR in 1936, later, he was awarded the USSR State Prize, the Order of Lenin, and Order of the Red Banner of Labour. The Brothers Karamazov Resurrection Anna Karenina Three Sisters Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Biography from Answers. com
9. Dimitri Shevardnadze – Dimitri Shevardnadze was a Georgian painter, art collector and intellectual purged during Joseph Stalins repressions. Born in Bakhvi, a village in the western Georgian province of Guria, then part of the Russian Empire, he was educated at the Art academies of St Petersburg. Upon his return to Georgia, he founded, in 1916 and he helped also to establish the National Gallery of Fine Arts and the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts. He decorated several opera and theatre performances, and movies, the artist refused and was eventually imprisoned and executed. Georgian politician Eduard Shevardnadze was a son of a cousin of Dmitri Shevardnadze, D. Shevardnadze The Georgian Museum of Photography
10. Noe Zhordania – Noe Zhordania born January 141868 and dead January 11,1953, was a Georgian journalist and Menshevik politician. There Zhordania led the government-in-exile until his death in 1953, Zhordania was born on 14 January 1868, to a petty landowner family living in the village of Lanchkhuti in Guria, western Georgia, then part of the Kutaisi Governorate of Imperial Russia. According to the Radjeb Zhordania, grandson of Noe Zhordania, his lineage back to three Italian friends who emigrated from Genova to Georgia. One of them was a gardener and the others were merchants, one moved in Samegrelo and became the ancestor of the Zhordanias from the Tsaishi. Another moved in Arkhaveti and his descendants are the Zhordanias from Arkhaveti, the third was granted serfs and estates from the House of Gurieli in Lanchkhuti, and so remained in Guria. He was the ancestor of the Zhordanias from Lanchkhuti, including Radjeb Zhordania, in his early years Radjab became an orphan and he was taken in Samegrelo by his uncles. Later he returned in his hometown Lanchkhuti, but he was not welcomed by the relatives, thus, after moving in Shukhuti he demanded his share of the property from the relatives. He was given the land, where he built the Oda, married the daughter of Apakidze, later he participated in the Crimean War, where he received the rank of captain and where he was later killed. He had four sons, Butchu, Potine, Niko and Iosef, Niko, father of Noe and Gulchino Zhordania, was the village scriber, and lawyer and mediator in court. Kristine Chikovani, mother of Noe, was from the Samegrelo and he had his primary education in a Lanchkhuti public school. Afterwards, he graduated from the Ozugreti Orthodox Theological Academy and he then moved to Tbilisi where he graduated from the Georgian Orthodox Theological Seminary, a prestigious academic institution at the time. However, while Noes parents hoped that their child would become a priest and he wrote, God is Nature herself, as for a white-bearded deity, seated upon a throne, such a personage simply does not exist. I thought to myself, If Natures lord and master is Nature itself, then who is the rightful lord, the general opinion was that the Tsar was the lord over the people, and that the Tsar was himself appointed by God. But if God did not exist any more, the Tsar could not be his representative, I was therefore at a loss to understand by whose command and authority he sat upon his throne. In the Academy he was the head of a student association that was opposing the drawbacks of the present situation in Academy. In 1891 he moved to Warsaw, Poland, and attended the Warsaw Veterinarian Institute, during this period young Zhordania understood the basics of Marxism. In his memories Zhordania described his political evolution in 1892 as a reflection of Russias transition from socialism to Marxism, specifically he meant the period after 1891, when he left his homeland to continue his studies abroad. With Filipp Makharadze, Noe Zhordania started a correspondence with other Georgian intellectuals, namely Silvester Dzhibladze and Egnate Ninoshvili