Category:People from Newbury, Berkshire
Pages in category "People from Newbury, Berkshire"
The following 50 pages are in this category, out of 50 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 50 pages are in this category, out of 50 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Newbury, Berkshire – Newbury /ˈnjuːbəri/ is a historic market town and the principal town in the west of Berkshire, England and has its own civil parish as well as the administrative headquarters of West Berkshire. It spans both sides of the River Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal, and has a town centre spread around its large market square. Newbury is famous for its racecourse, and as the headquarters of Vodafone UK, the town is located in the valley of the River Kennet,26 miles south of Oxford,25 miles north of Winchester,27 miles south east of Swindon and 20 miles west of Reading. Newbury lies on the edge of the picturesque Berkshire Downs, part of the North Wessex Downs Area of outstanding natural beauty and it lies in south central West Berkshire,3 miles north of the Hampshire/ West Berkshire county boundary. In the suburban village of Donnington lies the part-ruined Donnington Castle, to the south is a narrower range of hills including Walbury Hill and a few private landscape gardens and mansions such as Highclere Castle. Together with the town of Thatcham,3 miles distant. There was a Mesolithic settlement at Newbury, artefacts were recovered from the Greenham Dairy Farm in 1963, and the Faraday Road site in 2002. Additional material was found in excavations along the route of the Newbury Bypass, Newbury was founded late in the 11th century following the Norman conquest as a new borough, hence its name. Although there are references to the borough that predate the Domesday Survey it is not mentioned by name in the survey. However, its existence within the manor of Ulvritone is evident from the rise in value of that manor at a time when most manors were worth less than in Saxon times. In 1086 the Domesday Book assesses the borough as having land for 12 ploughs,2 mills, woodland for 25 pigs,11 villeins,11 bordars, and 51 enclosures rendering 70s 7d. Doubt has been cast over the existence of Newbury Castle, but the town did have connections and was visited a number of times by King John. Historically, the economic foundation was the cloth trade. This is reflected in the person of the 16th century cloth magnate, Jack of Newbury, the proprietor of what may well have been the first factory in England, and the later tale of the Newbury Coat. The latter was the outcome of a bet as to whether a suit could be produced by the end of the day from wool taken from a sheeps back at the beginning. The local legend was immortalized in a humorous novel by Elizabethan writer Thomas Deloney. Newbury was the site of two battles during the English Civil War, the First Battle of Newbury in 1643, the nearby Donnington Castle was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle. The disruption of trade during the war, compounded by a collapse of the local cloth trade in the late 16th century
2. Districts of England – The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. As the structure of government in England is not uniform. Some districts are styled as boroughs, cities, or royal boroughs, these are purely honorific titles, prior to the establishment of districts in the 1890s, the basic unit of local government in England was the parish overseen by the parish church vestry committee. Vestries dealt with the administraction of both parochial and secular governmental matters, parishes were the successors of the manorial system and historically had been grouped into hundreds. Hundreds once exercised some supervising administrative function, however, these powers ebbed away as more and more civic and judicial powers were centred on county towns. From 1834 these parishes were grouped into Poor Law Unions, creating areas for administration of the Poor Law and these areas were later used for census registration and as the basis for sanitary provision. In 1894, based on these earlier subdivisions, the Local Government Act 1894 created urban districts and rural districts as sub-divisions of administrative counties, another reform in 1900 created 28 metropolitan boroughs as sub-divisions of the County of London. Meanwhile, from this date parish-level local government administration was transferred to civil parishes, the setting-down of the current structure of districts in England began in 1965, when Greater London and its 32 London boroughs were created. They are the oldest type of still in use. In 1974, metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties were created across the rest of England and were split into metropolitan districts, in London power is now shared again, albeit on a different basis, with the Greater London Authority. During the 1990s a further kind of district was created, the unitary authority, metropolitan boroughs are a subdivision of a metropolitan county. These are similar to unitary authorities, as the county councils were abolished in 1986. Most of the powers of the county councils were devolved to the districts but some services are run by joint boards, the districts typically have populations of 174,000 to 1.1 million. Non-metropolitan districts are second-tier authorities, which share power with county councils and they are subdivisions of shire counties and the most common type of district. These districts typically have populations of 25,000 to 200,000, the number of non-metropolitan districts has varied over time. Initially there were 296, after the creation of unitary authorities in the 1990s and late 2000s and these are single-tier districts which are responsible for running all local services in their areas, combining both county and district functions. They were created in the out of non-metropolitan districts, and often cover large towns. In addition, some of the smaller such as Rutland, Herefordshire
3. Berkshire – Berkshire is a county in south east England, west of London. It was recognised as the Royal County of Berkshire because of the presence of Windsor Castle by the Queen in 1957, Berkshire is a county of historic origin and is a home county, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. Berkshire County Council was the main county governance from 1889 to 1998 except for the separately administered County Borough of Reading, in 1974, significant alterations were made to the countys administrative boundaries although the traditional boundaries of Berkshire were not changed. The towns of Abingdon, Didcot and Wantage were transferred to Oxfordshire, Slough was gained from Buckinghamshire, since 1998, Berkshire has been governed by the six unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. It borders the counties of Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Greater London, Surrey, according to Asser, it takes its name from a large forest of box trees that was called Bearroc. Berkshire has been the scene of notable battles through its history. Alfred the Greats campaign against the Danes included the Battles of Englefield, Ashdown, Newbury was the site of two English Civil War battles, the First Battle of Newbury in 1643 and the Second Battle of Newbury in 1644. The nearby Donnington Castle was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle, another Battle of Reading took place on 9 December 1688. It was the only military action in England during the Glorious Revolution. Reading became the new county town in 1867, taking over from Abingdon, boundary alterations in the early part of the 20th century were minor, with Caversham from Oxfordshire becoming part of the Reading county borough, and cessions in the Oxford area. On 1 April 1974 Berkshires boundaries changed under the Local Government Act 1972, Berkshire took over administration of Slough and Eton and part of the former Eton Rural District from Buckinghamshire. 94 Signal Squadron still keep the Uffington White Horse in their insignia, the original Local Government White Paper would have transferred Henley-on-Thames from Oxfordshire to Berkshire, this proposal did not make it into the Bill as introduced. On 1 April 1998 Berkshire County Council was abolished under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, unlike similar reforms elsewhere at the same time, the non-metropolitan county was not abolished. Berkshire divides into two distinct sections with the boundary lying roughly on a north-south line through the centre of Reading. The eastern section of Berkshire lies largely to the south of the River Thames, in two places the county now includes land to the north of the river. Tributaries of the Thames, including the Loddon and Blackwater, increase the amount of low lying land in the area. Beyond the flood plains, the land rises gently to the county boundaries with Surrey, much of this area is still well wooded, especially around Bracknell and Windsor Great Park. In the west of the county and heading upstream, the Thames veers away to the north of the county boundary, leaving the county behind at the Goring Gap
4. Richard Adams – Richard George Adams was an English novelist who is best known as the author of Watership Down, Shardik and The Plague Dogs. He studied modern history at university before serving in the British Army during World War II, afterwards, he completed his studies, and then joined the British Civil Service. In 1974, two years after Watership Down was published, Adams became a full-time author, Adams was born on 9 May 1920 in Wash Common, near Newbury, Berkshire, England, the son of Lilian Rosa and Evelyn George Beadon Adams, a doctor. He attended Horris Hill School from 1926 to 1933, and then Bradfield College from 1933 to 1938, in 1938, he went to Worcester College, Oxford, to read Modern History. In July 1940, Adams was called up to join the British Army and he was posted to the Royal Army Service Corps and was selected for the Airborne Company, where he worked as a brigade liaison. He served in Palestine, Europe and the Far East but saw no action against either the Germans or the Japanese. After being released from the army in 1946, Adams returned to Worcester College to continue his studies for a two years. He received a degree in 1948, proceeding MA in 1953. It was during this period that he began writing fiction in his spare time, Adams originally began telling the story that would become Watership Down to his two daughters on a car trip. They eventually insisted that he publish it as a book and he began writing in 1966, taking two years to complete it. In 1972, after four publishers and three writers agencies turned down the manuscript, Rex Collings agreed to publish the work, the book gained international acclaim almost immediately for reinvigorating anthropomorphic fiction with naturalism. Over the next few years Watership Down sold over a million copies worldwide, Adams won both of the most prestigious British childrens book awards, one of six authors to do so, the Carnegie Medal and the Guardian Childrens Fiction Prize. In 1974, following publication of his novel, Shardik. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1975, at one point, Adams served as writer-in-residence at the University of Florida and at Hollins University in Virginia. Adams was the recipient of the inaugural Whitchurch Arts Award for inspiration in January 2010, presented at the Watership Down pub in Freefolk, in 2015 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Winchester. In 1982, Adams served one year as president of the RSPCA, besides campaigning against furs, Adams wrote The Plague Dogs to satirize animal experimentation. He also made a voyage through the Antarctic in the company of the ornithologist Ronald Lockley, just before his 90th birthday, he wrote a new story for a charity book, Gentle Footprints, to raise funds for the Born Free Foundation. Adams celebrated his 90th birthday in 2010 with a party at the White Hart in his hometown of Whitchurch, Hampshire, Adams wrote a poetic piece celebrating his home of the past 28 years
5. Roger Attfield – Roger L. Attfield is a Canadian thoroughbred horse trainer and owner and an inductee of both the Canadian and United States horseracing Halls of Fame. In his native England, Attfield had become an accomplished international-level equestrian competitor when he emigrated to Canada in 1970. Five years later he returned to the sport he loved and began working as a trainer of show jumping horses, instant success led to training opportunities for other owners including for Frank Stronach and Kinghaven Farms where he met with his greatest success. A resident of Nobleton, Ontario, Roger Attfield won the Sovereign Award for Outstanding Trainer a record six times, of the seven horses who have won the Canadian Triple Crown, three were trained by Attfield. A winner of twenty Canadian Triple Crown races, he holds or equals the record for most wins in each of the three races. In 2001, he set a record for most wins by a trainer in the Breeders Stakes, at the 2008 Queens Plate, Attfield tied the record with Harry Giddings, Jr. as a trainer with eight wins. This was his first win as an owner, overall he has trained nearly forty Champions, six of which were voted Canadian Horse of the Year. As the trainer for Kinghaven Farms, in 1990 his stable was the leading money winner in North America. In the United States, his horses race at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale Beach, Florida, Attfield trained horse has won a number of important U. S. Stakes races including the 1995 Wood Memorial and Gotham Stakes, in 1999, Roger Attfield was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame and in 2006, he was nominated for induction into the U. S. National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. In 2011, Roger Attfield was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame In 2012, Roger Attfield profile and statistics at Woodbine Entertainment Roger Attfield at the NTRA
6. Francis Baily – Francis Baily was an English astronomer. He is most famous for his observations of Bailys beads during an eclipse of the Sun, Baily was also a major figure in the early history of the Royal Astronomical Society, as one of the founders and president four times. Baily was born at Newbury in Berkshire in 1774 to Richard Baily, after a tour in the unsettled parts of North America in 1796–1797, his journal of which was edited by Augustus de Morgan in 1856, Baily entered the London Stock Exchange in 1799. Later, in 1843, he would win the Gold Medal again and he was elected as President of the Royal Astronomical Society four times, with two-year terms each. No other person has served in the more than Bailys four times. The reform of the Nautical Almanac in 1829 was set on foot by his protests and he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1832. His observations of Bailys Beads, during an eclipse of the sun on 15 May 1836, at Inch Bonney in Roxburghshire. In other work, he completed and discussed H, fosters pendulum experiments, deducing from them an ellipticity for the earth of 1/289.48. This value was corrected for the length of the seconds-pendulum by introducing an element of reduction. His laborious operations for determining the density of the earth, carried out by Henry Cavendishs method. Baily died in London on 30 August 1844 and was buried in the vault in St Marys Church in Thatcham. His Account of the Rev. John Flamsteed is of importance to the scientific history of that time. It included a republication of the British Catalogue, the lunar crater Baily was named in his honour, as was the rigid and thermally insensitive alloy used to cast the 1855 standard yard and a local primary school in his home town of Thatcham. Memoir of the late Francis Baily, monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Works written by or about Francis Baily at Wikisource Baily, Francis, map of Etoiles fixes Awarding of RAS gold medal,1827, MNRAS114 Awarding of RAS gold medal,1843, MNRAS5248 Archival material relating to Francis Baily
7. Thomas Barrie – Thomas Barrie was an English almoner who, in 1538 was found guilty of spreading rumours about the death of Henry VIII and was pilloried in the market square at Newbury. It was reported that he died from shock as a result of his punishment, Barrie worked as an almsman at Donnington Hospital, living in one of the institutions almshouses. In 1538, he was accused of spreading rumours about the death of Henry VIII. This was around the time of the Kings excommunication from the Catholic Church, however, Barries rumours were supposedly well-sourced. This was irrelevant, however, as foretelling of the death was counted as treason. This was shown two years later in 1540, when Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury was charged of the crime, along with breaking the new Buggery Act, Barries punishment, however, was to stand in the pillory on market day. The location of Newburys pillory was the square, where – for further ridicule – Barrie was sentenced to be cropped. This punishment involved having his ears nailed to the pillorys frame either side of the head hole, at the end of the trading day, he was released from the pillory by having his ears cut off. Barrie is said to have died of fright following his punishment and his earless ghost reportedly haunts the market place, moaning in agony. However other sources suggest that Barrie may have lived for a year or so
8. Richard Benyon – Richard Henry Ronald Benyon PC is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the richest MP of the House of Commons, with a wealth of £110 million. Benyon was born on 21 October 1960 in Reading and he is the son of Sir William Benyon, a Conservative Member of Parliament from 1970 until 1992, and is the great-great grandson of former Conservative Prime Minister Lord Salisbury. He was educated at nearby Bradfield College and the Royal Agricultural College, having attended the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, he was commissioned into the Royal Green Jackets, British Army, as a second lieutenant on 8 August 1981. He was promoted to lieutenant on 8 August 1983, during his four years service, he was posted to Northern Ireland, the UK and the Far East. He transferred to the Regular Army Reserve of Officers on 8 August 1984, thereby ending his military career and he was elected in 1991 to Newbury District Council, and became Conservative group leader in 1994, in opposition to the then-ruling Liberal Democrats. He lost his seat in 1995. He contested Newbury at the 1997 General Election but lost heavily to the 1993 by-election incumbent Liberal Democrat David Rendel, Benyon and Rendel contested Newbury again at the 2001 General Election, and Rendel came out again as the victor with a reduced majority. It proved third time lucky for Benyon, when he and Rendel again contested Newbury at the 2005 UK general election and Benyon was elected with a majority of 3,460, replacing Rendel. Benyon made his speech on 20 May 2005 and served on the Home Affairs Select Committee from 2005 to 2007. He was the Shadow Minister for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from 2009 until the 2010 general election when he entered government and he was also one of the first 15 MPs to support David Camerons Conservative Party leadership bid. In May 2009, he was listed by the Daily Telegraph as one of the saints in the expenses scandal exposed by that newspaper and he was made Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in the first Cameron Ministry. And remained in post until the junior and middle ranking Cameron reshuffle of October 2013, Benyon was opposed to Brexit prior to the 2016 referendum. Benyon said that the estate was controlled by a family trust, in 2013 Benyon succeeded in preventing any cuts in fishing quotas. He claimed that if British fishermen had their quotas cut they would even more fish overboard, and the more fish they are allowed to catch. Back in 2004, the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution proposed that 30% of the United Kingdom’s waters should become reserves preventing fishing or any kind of extraction. Also in 2013 Benyons policy relating to access to rivers and his role as an owner of fishing rights was criticised, in 2014, Benyons family firm was part of a property consortium that purchased New Era estate, one of the last affordable housing estates for working-class Londoners. The consortium increased the rents and announced plans to them further to match the rest of the market
9. James Ebenezer Bicheno – James Ebenezer Bicheno was a British author and colonial official. Bicheno was born in Newbury, Berkshire, the son of the Rev. James Bicheno and he was called to the bar in 1822 but seems to have spent most of his time until 1832 in writing and natural history pursuits, especially with the Linnean Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in May,1827. In 1832 he left London to live at Ty Maen, South Cornelly, Glamorgan, where he had one of the founders of the Maesteg Ironworks in 1826. This investment ultimately failed and he needed to look for an income, during his years in south Wales Bicheno held conservative views at a time of considerable social and economic change. He was certainly anti-Chartist as his correspondence with the Marquis of Bute and he was ever vigilant regarding Chartism in the Maesteg district and sent regular reports of any radical activity to the Marquis. He was appointed secretary of Van Diemens Land in September 1842. He was an amateur botanist and experimented with plants on his small farm on the banks of the New Town Rivulet. He had several papers on botany and natural history published in its Transactions and he lectured on botany to the Mechanics Institute and had papers published in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Bicheno was a man, and it was said that he could fit three full bags of wheat in his trousers. Bicheno, a town on the east coast of Tasmania, Australia was named after him, bichenos finch was named to commemorate him
10. Michael Bond – Thomas Michael Bond, CBE is an English author who wrote the Paddington Bear series of books. Bond was awarded a CBE in the Queens Birthday Honours 2015, Bond was born in Newbury and raised in Reading, Berkshire, where his visits to Reading Station to watch the Cornish Riviera Express go steaming through started a love of trains. His father was a manager for the post office and he was educated at Presentation College, a school in Reading, Berkshire. He told UK newspaper The Guardian in November 2014 that his parents had chosen the school for the reason my mother liked the colour of the blazers. She didn’t make many mistakes in life but that was one of them, consequently, he left education aged fourteen, despite his parents’ wishes for him to go to university. World War II was under way and he went to work in an office for a year. In February 1943, Michael Bond survived an air raid in Reading, the building in which he was working collapsed under him, killing 41 people and injuring many more. Shortly afterwards he volunteered for service in the Royal Air Force as a 17-year-old. He then served in the Middlesex Regiment of the British Army until 1947, Bond began writing in 1945 whilst stationed with the army in Cairo and sold his first short story to the magazine London Opinion. He was paid seven guineas, and thought he wouldnt mind being a writer, in 1958, after producing a number of plays and short stories and while working as a BBC television cameraman, his first book, A Bear Called Paddington, was published. By 1967, Bond was able to give up his BBC job to work full-time as a writer, Bond stated in December 2007 that he did not plan to continue the adventures of Paddington Bear in further volumes. However, in April 2014 it was reported a new book, titled Love From Paddington, in a film, Paddington, based on the books, Bond has a credited cameo as the Kindly Gentleman. Bond has also another series of childrens books, the adventures of a guinea pig named Olga da Polga, named after the Bond familys pet. Bond also writes culinary mystery stories for adults featuring Monsieur Pamplemousse and his faithful bloodhound, Bond wrote a Reflection on the Passing of the Years shortly after his 90th birthday. The piece was read by David Attenborough, who also turned 90 in 2016, in 1997, Bond was awarded the Order of the British Empire Commander of the British Empire for services to childrens literature. On 6 July 2007 the University of Reading awarded him an Honorary Doctor of Letters, Bond is married, has two adult children and lives in London, not far from Paddington Station, the place that inspired many of his books
11. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge – Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge is the wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. Following his father Charles, Prince of Wales, William is second in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, the duchess grew up in Chapel Row, a village near Newbury, Berkshire, England. She studied art history in Scotland at the University of St Andrews and their engagement was announced on 16 November 2010 before they married on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey. The duke and duchess have two children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, who are third and fourth in line to the British throne. Catherine Elizabeth Middleton was born at Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading on 9 January 1982 to an upper-middle-class family and she was christened at St Andrews Bradfield, Berkshire, on 20 June 1982. The family of her father Michael has ties to British aristocracy and her Middleton relatives were reported as having played host to British royalty as long ago as 1926. She has a sister, Philippa Pippa, and a younger brother. The family lived in Amman, Jordan, from May 1984 to September 1986, her father worked for British Airways, following her return to Berkshire in 1986, she was enrolled aged four at St Andrews School, a private school near the village of Pangbourne in Berkshire. She boarded part-weekly at St Andrews in her later years and she then studied briefly at Downe House. In November 2006, Middleton accepted a position as a buyer with the clothing chain Jigsaw. She also worked until January 2011 at Party Pieces, her role within the business included catalogue design and production, marketing. In 2001, Middleton met Prince William while they were students in residence at St Salvators Hall at the University of St Andrews. The couple began dating in 2003, although their relationship remained unconfirmed, on 17 October 2005, Middleton complained through her lawyer about harassment from the media, stating that she had done nothing significant to warrant publicity. Middleton attended Prince Williams Passing Out Parade at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006, on 17 May 2008, Middleton attended the wedding of Prince Williams cousin Peter Phillips to Autumn Kelly, which the prince did not attend. On 19 July 2008, she was a guest at the wedding of Lady Rose Windsor, Prince William was away on military operations in the Caribbean, serving aboard HMS Iron Duke. In 2010, Middleton pursued an invasion of privacy claim against two agencies and photographer Niraj Tanna, who took photographs of her over Christmas 2009 and she obtained a public apology, £5,000 in damages, and legal costs. In April 2007, Prince William and Middleton split up, the couple decided to break up during a holiday in the Swiss resort of Zermatt. Newspapers speculated about the reasons for the split, although these reports relied on anonymous sources, Middleton and her family attended the Concert for Diana at Wembley Stadium, where she and Prince William sat two rows apart
12. Myles Coverdale – Myles Coverdale, first name also spelt Miles, was an English ecclesiastical reformer chiefly known as a Bible translator, preacher and, briefly, Bishop of Exeter. Regarding his probable birth county, Daniell cites John Bale, author of a sixteenth century scriptorium, having studied philosophy and theology in Cambridge, Coverdale became an Augustinian friar and went to the house of his order, also in Cambridge. In 1514 John Underwood, a bishop and archdeacon of Norfolk. He was at the house of the Augustinians when in about 1520, in 1535 Coverdale produced the first complete printed translation of the Bible into English. He is also significant because during his life, he experienced eight decades of crucial importance in religious history. His theological development is a paradigm of the progress of the English Reformation from 1530 to 1552, by the time of his death, he had transitioned into an early Puritan, affiliated to Calvin, yet still advocating the teachings of Augustine. Coverdale studied at Cambridge, becoming bachelor of law in 1513. He was ordained in Norwich in 1514 and entered the house of the Augustinian friars in Cambridge and this is thought to have been about 1520 -1525. According to Trueman, Barnes returned to Cambridge in the early to mid-1520s, at Louvain Barnes had studied under Erasmus and had developed humanist sympathies. In Cambridge, he read aloud to his students from St. Pauls epistles in translation and this undoubtedly influenced them towards Reform. In February 1526, Coverdale was part of a group of friars that travelled from Cambridge to London to present the defence of their superior, Barnes had been arrested as a heretic after being accused of preaching Lutheran views in St Edwards Church, Cambridge on Christmas Eve. Coverdale is said to have acted as Barnes secretary during the trial, by the standards of the time, Barnes received relatively lenient treatment, being made to do public penance by carrying a faggot to Pauls Cross. However on 10 June 1539, Parliament passed the Act of Six Articles, Barnes was burned at the stake on 30 July 1540, at Smithfield, along with two other reformers. Also executed that day were three Roman Catholics, who were hanged, drawn and quartered, Coverdale probably met Thomas Cromwell some time before 1527. A letter survives showing that later, in 1531, he wrote to Cromwell, requesting his guidance on his behaviour and preaching, also stating his need for books. By Lent 1528, he had left the Augustinians and, wearing simple garments, was preaching in Essex against transubstantiation, the worship of images, and the traditional form of confession. At that date, such views were very dangerous, for the course of the religious revolution that began during the reign of Henry VIII was as yet very uncertain. Reforms, both of the proposed by the Lollards, and those preached by Luther, were being pursued by a vigorous campaign against heresy
13. Charles Hefferon – Charles Archer Hefferon was an athlete representing South Africa who competed mainly in the marathon. Hefferon was born in Newbury, Berkshire, England, but moved with his family to Canada and raised on a farmer near Brandon and he settled in South Africa after fighting in the Boer War, where he worked as a prison officer. He competed for South Africa in the 1908 Summer Olympics held in London, Hefferon was leading until the last mile and a half, when he lost ground after accepting a drink of champagne and being patted on the back by a well-wisher in the crowd. He was overtaken by Pietri, who was disqualified for being helped over the line. In 1909, he won his fifth South African national title for the 4 mile run, in 1912, he returned to Canada and settled near Simcoe, Ontario. During World War I, he enlisted and served with the Royal Canadian Dragoons, after the war, Hefferon became acting chief of police in Dunnville before transferring to the Ontario Provincial Police. He worked on assignments in Hamilton and then transferred to motorcycle patrol with the Department of Highways in Brantford, Blenheim. Hefferon died in Brampton in 1932, when he was hit by a motorist while on duty
14. William Henry Knight – William Henry Knight was an English portrait and genre painter. Knight was born in Newbury, Berkshire where his father, John Knight, was a schoolmaster and he was to become a solicitor, but gave up his law studies after two of his paintings were accepted by the annual exhibition of the Society of British Artists. Following in the footsteps of William Mulready, he became a painter, his street scenes. His first contribution to the Royal Academy exhibition was Boys playing draughts in 1846 and he also showed many pictures at the British Institution. Many engravings were made from his works, Knight died on 31 July 1863, leaving a widow and six children. Cowling, Mary, Victorian Figurative Painting, Domestic Life and the Contemporary Social Scene, London, Papadakis, ruskin, John, Notes on Some of the Principal Pictures Exhibited in the Rooms of the Royal Academy, London, Smith, Elder
15. John Newport Langley – Prof John Newport Langley FRSE LLD was a British physiologist. He was born in Newbury, Berkshire the son of John Langley, the local schoolmaster and he was educated at Exeter Grammar School in Devon. In 1871 he won a place at St Johns College in Cambridge University where he graduated MA before continuing multiple postgraduate studies and he spent his entire career at Cambridge University, beginning as a Demonstrator in lectures in 1875. He began lecturing in Physiology in 1884 and was awarded a professorship in 1903 and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1883 and later its vice-president. He was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1916, Langley is known as one of the fathers of the chemical receptor theory, and as the origin of the concept of receptive substance. In 1901, he advanced research in neurotransmitters and chemical receptors and these extracts elicited responses in tissues that were similar to those induced by nerve stimulation. He died in Cambridge on 5 November 1925, the Autonomic Nervous System Elementary Experimental Physiology A brass plaque to Langleys memory exists in Trinty College Chapel at Cambridge University. In 1902 he married Vera Kathleen Forsythe-Grant, katz, B. Archibald Vivian Hill, Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, p.406
16. William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke – William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, also called William the Marshal, was an Anglo-Norman soldier and statesman. He served five English kings – Henry II, his sons The Young King Henry, Richard I, John, knighted in 1166, he spent his younger years as a knight errant and a successful tournament competitor, Stephen Langton eulogized him as the best knight that ever lived. In 1189, he received the title of Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the creation of the Pembroke Earldom. In 1216, he was appointed protector for the nine-year-old Henry III, William became known as the Marshal, although by his time much of the function was actually delegated to more specialized representatives. Because he was an Earl, and also known as the Marshal, the term Earl Marshal was commonly used and this later became an established hereditary title in the English Peerage. When King Stephen besieged Newbury Castle in 1152, according to Williams biographer, John, however, used the time allotted to reinforce the castle and alert Matildas forces. Subsequently, there was a made to launch William from a pierrière. Fortunately for the child, Stephen could not bring himself to harm young William, William remained a crown hostage for many months, only being released following the peace that resulted from the terms agreed at Winchester on 6 November 1153 that ended the civil war. As a younger son of a nobleman, William had no lands or fortune to inherit. Here he began his training as a knight and this would have included basic biblical stories and prayers written in Latin, as well as exposure to French romances, which conferred the basic precepts of chivalry to the budding knight. In addition, while in Tancarville’s household, it is likely that Marshal also learned important and he was knighted in 1166 on campaign in Upper Normandy, then being invaded from Flanders. His first experience in battle came with mixed reviews, according to LHistoire, everyone who witnessed the young knight in action agreed that he had acquitted himself well in combat. However, as medieval historian David Crouch explains, “War in the century was not fought wholly for honour. Profit was there to be made…” On this front, Marshal was not so successful, as described in LHistoire, the Earl of Essex, who was expecting the customary tribute from his valorous knight following battle, jokingly remarked, “Oh. But Marshal, what are you saying and you had forty or sixty of them — yet you refuse me so small a thing. ”In 1167 he was taken by William de Tancarville to his first tournament where he found his true métier. Quitting the Tancarville household he served in the household of his mothers brother, Patrick. In 1168 his uncle was killed in an ambush by Guy de Lusignan, William was injured and captured in the same skirmish. It is known that William received a wound to his thigh and he received a loaf of bread in which were concealed several lengths of clean linen bandages with which he could dress his wounds
17. Elizabeth Montagu – Elizabeth Montagu was a British social reformer, patron of the arts, salonist, literary critic, and writer who helped organize and lead the Blue Stockings Society. Her parents were both from families with strong ties to the British peerage and intellectual life. She is sister to Sarah Scott, author of A Description of Millenium Hall and she married Edward Montagu, a man with extensive holdings, to become one of the richer women of her era. She devoted this fortune to fostering English and Scottish literature and to the relief of the poor, Elizabeth was the eldest of their three daughters. Conyers Middleton, the prominent Cambridge don, was the husband of her Drake grandmother Sarah Morris. Elizabeth and her sister Sarah, the future novelist Sarah Scott, spent time as children on extended stays with Dr Middleton, the two girls learned Latin, French, and Italian and studied literature. As a child, Elizabeth and Sarah, in particular, were very close, while young, Elizabeth became a friend of Lady Margaret Harley, later the Duchess of Portland, the only surviving child of Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer. Lady Margaret and Elizabeth corresponded weekly when apart and were inseparable when together and she spent time with Lady Margaret in London and met many of the celebrated figures of the 1730s, including the poet Edward Young and the religious thinker Gilbert West. In Lady Margarets household, men and women spoke as equals and engaged in witty, Mrs. Montagu later used this model of intellectual discourse in her salons. Visits to Lady Margaret became more important to Elizabeth when her mother inherited a country seat in Kent and made that her home, in 1738, Montagu wrote to Harley explaining that she had no desire for men or marriage. She saw marriage as a rational and expedient convention and did not suppose it possible to love a man, in 1742 she married Edward Montagu, grandson of the Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, who owned numerous coal mines and had several rents and estates in Northumberland. She was twenty-two and he was fifty years old, the marriage was advantageous, but it was apparently not very passionate. All the same, she bore a son, John, the next year, when he died unexpectedly in 1744, she was devastated. She and Edward remained friendly throughout their time together. Prior to the loss of her son, she had not been very religious, meanwhile, her sister, Sarah Scott, was growing increasingly devout. Elizabeth kept a female companion with her most of the time and this person was not exactly a servant, but she would act in that role. She would be expected to carry things and aid Elizabeth on her daily round, barbara Schnorrenberg suggests that Sarah Scott was in this function and says that there is good reason to suggest that she married poorly to escape that situation. After Elizabeths mother died, her moved to London with his housekeeper
18. Thomas Penrose – Thomas Penrose was an English cleric and poet. Baptised at Newbury, Berkshire, on 9 September 1742, he was the eldest son of Thomas Penrose, rector of Newbury parish, who died on 20 April 1769. He matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford, on 30 May 1759, after 1762 Penrose left university and joined a private Anglo-Portuguese expedition to attack of Buenos Aires, under the command of an adventurer named Captain Macnamara. The party left the River Tagus on 30 August 1762, and on its way attacked the settlement of Nova Colonia de Sacramento in the Río de la Plata, which had been seized by the Spanish. The operation was at first successful, but the flagship, the Lord Clive, caught fire, and Macnamara was drowned, with most of the crew. The second vessel, the Ambuscade, of 40 guns, in which Penrose served as a lieutenant of marines, escaped, about 1777 he was appointed by a friend to the rectory of Beckington-cum-Standerwick, near Frome in Somerset, but his health failed. He died at Bristol on 20 April 1779, and was buried at Clifton, Penroses portrait was engraved by William Bromley. Penroses productions are mainly imitation of William Collins and Thomas Gray, a poetical essay, On the Contrarieties of Public Virtue, combined irony and satire. His major works were, Flights of Fancy,1775, address to the Genius of Britain,1775, a poem in blank verse, proposing a limit to our civil dissensions. A posthumous volume of poems,1781, with a introduction by James Pettit Andrews who had married his sister Anne. Penroses verses were included in contemporary anthologies. Thomas Campbell included two of Penroses pieces in his Specimens of the British Poets and Peter Cunningham, in his edition of the work, Thomas James Mathias, in the first dialogue of The Pursuits of Literature, wrote of neglected Penrose. In 1768 Penrose married Mary, eldest daughter of Samuel Slocock of Newbury and she remarried at Newbury, in February 1786, the Rev. Thomas Best, master of the free grammar school, and died about 1840, at the age of 94. Penroses only child, Thomas, went to Winchester College, and became Fellow of New College, Oxford and he wrote Sketch of the Lives and Writings of Dante and Petrarch and died in 1851. Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Lee, Sidney, ed. Penrose
19. John Septimus Roe – John Septimus Roe was the first Surveyor-General of Western Australia. He was an explorer, and a Member of Western Australias Legislative and Executive Councils for nearly 40 years. John Septimus Roe was born at Newbury, Berkshire on 8 May 1797 and he was the seventh son of James Roe, the rector of Newbury. At ten, Roe was sent to Christs Hospital School in London, there, he showed a great aptitude for mathematics, and was selected for training by the Mathematical School, which trained selected students for service in the Royal Navy. He was a student, and was apprenticed to the Navy at the age of 15. John Septimus Roe entered the Naval service on 11 June 1813 and his first appointment was as a midshipman on HMS Rippon, captained by Sir Christopher Cole. Over the next year, the Rippon was engaged in a blockade of the French coast, after the Napoleonic wars ended in 1814, the Rippon returned to England, and Roe was appointed as a midshipman to HMS Horatio under Captain Dillon on 17 August. Roe travelled with HMS Horatio until January 1817, Roes first survey journey as assistant to King was the King expedition of 1817, a rough survey of the northern and north-west coast of Australia. The party sailed from Port Jackson on board the Mermaid on 21 December 1817, while anchored at King George Sound in January 1818, Roe nearly drowned in the Kalgan River while trying to circumnavigate Oyster Harbour. Later, Roe was permitted to name a bay on the north west coast, on the north coast, King named a point on the peninsula Mount Roe in Roes honour. The Mermaid eventually returned down the west coast and back along the south coast to Sydney, at the end of December 1818, the Mermaid sailed to Van Diemens Land to survey the Derwent River and the eastern coast to Macquarie Harbour. It was a task, and they were back in Sydney by the middle of February 1819. The next voyage, the King expedition of 1819, was expected to last eight or nine months and their mission was to make a proper survey of the northern coast. After leaving Sydney on 8 May 1819, the Mermaid rounded Cape York and they then spent a substantial period exploring and surveying the coast and islands of Arnhem Land, before surveying Bathurst Island, then discovering and surveying Cambridge Gulf. They then continued their survey of the coast, past Cape Londonderry, again they crossed to Timor for provisions, then returned to Sydney. Roes next voyage, the King expedition of 1820, was intended to survey along the north coast. Mermaids bowsprit was lost, and she was forced to return to Sydney with three feet of water in the hold, after taking repairs, she left without incident, rounded Cape York and again headed west along the coast of Arnhem Land. At Goulburn Island, Roe was ambushed by natives and narrowly escaped with his life, continuing west, Mermaid developed such a bad leak that King decided to careen her at a bay that was in consequence named Careening Bay
20. Lord George Sanger – Lord George Sanger was an English showman and circus proprietor. Born to a father, he grew up working in travelling peep shows. He successfully ran shows and circuses throughout much of the century with his brother John. He retired in 1905 and was murdered by an employee in 1911, Sanger was born 23 December, probably 1825, in Newbury, Berkshire to James Sanger. James Sanger, the son of a Wiltshire farmer, had pressed into the service of the Royal Navy at a young age, where he learned conjuring tricks. He and his wife, named Sarah Elliott, travelled the country in a caravan, showing human curiosities, after they began to have children, the family settled in Trowbridge and then Newbury, where George was born. George Sanger was the sixth of ten children, and the youngest son, the children grew up helping with their fathers business. As a young man, Sanger made his first start in business, independent of his father and his first troupe consisted of canaries, redpoles, white mice and later, hares. He taught them to fire cannons and walk tightropes. The show was a success and he exhibited at private parties, Sanger started a travelling conjuring show with his older brothers William and John. Sanger had earned the nickname Gentleman George from fellow showmen, and his Lordship from his father, in 1848, the three brothers took their show to Stepney Fair. Here, he renewed an acquaintance with a woman he knew form his childhood called Ellen Chapman and she was a lion tamer, known professionally as Madame Pauline de Vere. They married on 1 December 1850 in Sheffield, John and George Sanger decided to take their show to country fairs, believing that they would make more money than at the fairs in London. In the winter of 1850–51 they returned to London and, in addition to their conjuring show and they employed actors and put on a Christmas pantomime. After being informed that not all of the bodies buried at the site had been removed, and that the authorities intended to close the building. In 1851, the brothers took their show to The Great Exhibition fair in Knightsbridge, the fair was abandoned and the Sangers moved on to the north of England. After another successful season at Stepney Fair, the decided to start a circus. Their first purchase for the circus was a Welsh pony, for £7, in 1871, the Sanger brothers bought Astleys Amphitheatre for £11,000 and George Sanger ran it for 28 years until the London County Council ordered it to be closed in 1893