Category:People from Saint Helier
Pages in category "People from Saint Helier"
The following 59 pages are in this category, out of 59 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 59 pages are in this category, out of 59 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Saint Helier – Saint Helier is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in the English Channel. St Helier has a population of about 33,500, roughly 34. 2% of the population of Jersey. The greater part of St Helier is rural, the parish covers a surface area of 4.1 square miles, being 9% of the total land area of the Island. The parish arms are two crossed axes on a blue background, the blue symbolising the sea, and the axes symbolising the martyrdom of Helier at the hands of Saxon pirates in 555 AD. It is thought that the site of St Helier was settled at the time of the Roman control of Gaul, before land reclamation and port construction started, boats could be tied up to the churchyard wall on the seaward side. An Abbey of St Helier was founded in 1155 on LIslet, closed at the Reformation, the site of the abbey was fortified to create the castle that replaced Mont Orgueil as the Islands major fortress. The new Elizabeth Castle was named after the Queen by the Governor of Jersey 1600-1603, la Cohue stood on one side of the square, now rebuilt as the Royal Court and States Chamber. The market cross in the centre of the square was pulled down at the Reformation, george II gave £200 towards the construction of a new harbour - previously boats would be beached on a falling tide and unloaded by cart across the sands. Many of St Heliers road names and street names are bilingual English/French or English/Jèrriais, the names in the various languages are not usually translations, distinct naming traditions survive alongside each other. The Royal Square was also the scene of the Battle of Jersey on 6 January 1781, john Singleton Copleys epic painting The Death of Major Pierson captures an imaginative version of the scene. As harbour construction moved development seaward, a growth in population meant that marshland, settlement by English immigrants added quarters of colonial-style town houses to the traditional building stock. Continuing military threats from France spurred the construction of a fortress, Fort Regent, on the Mont de la Ville. This was the start of Jerseys agricultural prosperity in the 19th century, from the 1820s, peace with France and better communications by steamships and railways to coastal ports encouraged an influx of English-speaking residents. Speculative development covered the basin north of the central coastal strip as far as the hills within a period of about 40 years. In the second half of the 19th century, hundreds of trucks laden with potatoes and this prompted a programme of road-widening which swept away many of the ancient buildings of the town centre. Pressure for redevelopment has meant that few buildings remain in urban St Helier which date to before the 19th century. Pierre Le Sueur, reforming Constable of St Helier, was responsible for installing sewerage, an obelisk with fountain in the town centre was raised to his memory following his premature death in office from overwork. In the 1970s, a programme of pedestrianisation of the streets was undertaken
2. Jersey – Jersey, officially the Bailiwick of Jersey, is a Crown dependency of the United Kingdom, ruled by the Crown in right of Jersey, off the coast of Normandy, France. Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey, Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems, and the power of self-determination. The Lieutenant Governor on the island is the representative of the Queen. The island of Jersey is the largest of the Channel Islands, although the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey are often referred to collectively as the Channel Islands, the Channel Islands are not a constitutional or political unit. Jersey has a relationship to the Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey. It is not part of the United Kingdom, and has an identity separate from that of the UK. The definition of United Kingdom in the British Nationality Act 1981 is interpreted as including the UK, Jersey is not fully part of the European Union but has a special relationship with it, notably being treated as within the European Community for the purposes of free trade in goods. The name Caesarea has been used as the Latin name for Jersey since William Camdens Britannia, the Latin name Caesarea was also applied to the colony of New Jersey as Nova Caesarea. Andium, Agna and Augia were used in antiquity, scholars variously surmise that Jersey and Jèrri derive from jarð or jarl, or perhaps a personal name, Geirr. The ending -ey denotes an island, Jersey history is influenced by its strategic location between the northern coast of France and the southern coast of England, the islands recorded history extends over a thousand years. La Cotte de St Brelade is a Palaeolithic site inhabited before rising sea levels transformed Jersey into an island, Jersey was a centre of Neolithic activity, as demonstrated by the concentration of dolmens. Evidence of Bronze Age and early Iron Age settlements can be found in locations around the island. In June 2012 it was announced what could be Europes largest hoard of Iron Age coins had been found in Grouville by two persons using metal detectors, the hoard may be worth up to £10 M. People had been searching for treasure for 30 years. It was reported that the hoard weighed about three quarters of a tonne and could contain up to 50,000 Roman and Celtic coins, in 2012 the same two men had found 60 Iron Age coins in the same area. Jersey was part of Neustria with the same Gallo-Frankish population as the continental mainland, Jersey was invaded by Vikings in the 9th century. In 933 it was annexed to the future Duchy of Normandy, together with the other Channel Islands, Cotentin and Avranchin, by William Longsword, count of Rouen and it became one of the Norman Islands
3. Seymour Hicks – Sir Edward Seymour Hicks, better known as Seymour Hicks, was a British actor, music hall performer, playwright, screenwriter, actor-manager and producer. He became known, early in his career, for writing, starring in and producing Edwardian musical comedy, often together with his famous wife and his most famous acting role was that of Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickenss A Christmas Carol. Following this, he starred in a revival of Little Jack Sheppard at the Gaiety Theatre, Edwardes cast Hicks in his next show, The Shop Girl, in 1894. Its success led to his participation in two more of Edwardess hit girl musicals, The Circus Girl and A Runaway Girl, both starring Terriss and he first played the role of Ebenezer Scrooge in 1901 and eventually played it thousands of times onstage. Hicks used his fortune from these shows to commission the building of the Aldwych Theatre in 1905 and his stage performances were less successful in later years, and he opted instead to star in music hall tours, including Pebbles on the Beach. He continued to light comedies, the most popular of which was The Happy Day. On film, he first appeared in Scrooge and David Garrick both from 1913, later notable films included The Lambeth Walk and Busmans Honeymoon, and his last film was the year of his death,1949. Hicks was born in St. Hélier on the island of Jersey, at the age of nine, he appeared as Little Buttercup in Gilbert and Sullivans H. M. S. Pinafore at his school in Bath, after that, he was determined to be an actor. Hicks first appeared professionally on stage at the age of sixteen in a production of In the Ranks at the Grand, in 1889, he joined the theatrical company of Mr. and Mrs. Kendal for an American tour where they presented a repertory of contemporary plays. Hicks starred as Dr. Watson in the first revue show ever staged in London, Under the Clock and that same year, he married Ellaline Terriss. After that, he starred in a revival of Little Jack Sheppard at the Gaiety Theatre and this brought him to the attention of the impresario George Edwardes. In 1894, Hicks joined his wife in the successful Fairy pantomime, Cinderella, produced by Henry Irving with music by Oscar Barrett, where she had been playing the title role. He played Thisbe, one of Cinderellas half-sisters who, in version, were Girton College girls who can jabber Greek and Latin, read French, play golf. Thisbe has an affectation for intellectuality – Ibsen, Spooks, Edwardes gave Hicks the chance to star in his next show, The Shop Girl, which became a hit at the Gaiety in 1894, playing for 546 performances. Hickss wife joined Edwardess company during the run of the show, replacing the star in the title role, and together they made the musical an even bigger hit. The following year, Hicks transferred with the show to Broadway for a run and then toured in America in 1895 with his wife. At the instance of W. S. Gilbert, Hicks wrote a drama called One of the Best, the Hickses were frequent guests of Gilbert at his estate in Grims Dyke
4. Walter William Ouless – Walter William Ouless RA was a British portrait painter from Jersey. He became an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1877 and a member in 1881. He was born in 1848 at 53 Paradise Row, New Street, Saint Helier, at the home where his father and he was educated at Victoria College and went to London in 1864, where he entered the Royal Academy schools in 1865. His earliest work was in the field of painting, but his compatriot Millais advised him to concentrate on portrait painting. In later life he turned to landscape painting, Ouless was one of the best-known portraitists of the latter years of the nineteenth century, regarded as an impressive exponent of character. He was a volunteer in the Artists Rifles and his daughter Catherine Ouless also achieved success as an artist. Ouless exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1869, in the British Section of the Chicago Exhibition of 1893, and of the Paris Exhibition of 1900. Dictionary of Painters of the Channel Islands, Philip Stevens, Jersey 2002, Portrait of Stephen Augustus Ralli Portrait of William Henry Mason
5. Hereward Carrington – Hereward Carrington was a well-known British-born American investigator of psychic phenomena and author. Carrington was born in St Helier, Jersey in 1880 and he emigrated to the USA in 1888, although it is a common misconception he emigrated in 1899, and settled in New York City in 1904. Hereward previously lived with his brother Hedley in Minnesota and appears in the 1900 census there, in New York he first worked as an asst. Editor for Street and Smith magazines, initially a sceptic about psychic abilities, his interest grew from reading books on the subject and at the age of 19 he joined the Society for Psychical Research. However his connection with the ASPR ceased due to lack of funds, an important early case Carrington investigated and described was that of the medium Eusapia Palladino in 1908. Carrington and two went to Naples to see her on behalf of the English SPR, an experience which strengthened his belief in the reality of psychic phenomena. He described her in his 1909 book Eusapia Palladino and Her Phenomena, invited her to the USA and he detected her cheating at sittings, but also claimed she had genuine supernatural ability. He also made an enquiry into the case of Esther Cox in 1910. The events surrounding Cox had occurred more than thirty years previously, Carrington was an amateur conjuror and was critical towards some paranormal phenomena. The book revealed the tricks of mediums such as Henry Slade and he wrote in the book that after his investigations and studies into the subject of mediumship that 98% of both the physical and mental phenomena were fraudulent. He did however believe that some mediumship phenomena was genuine, Science historian Sherrie Lynne Lyons wrote that the glowing or light-emitting hands in séances could easily be explained by the rubbing of oil of phosphorus on the hands. In 1909 an article was published in The New York Times titled Paladino Used Phoshorus, Carrington confessed to having painted Palladinos arm with phosphorescent paint, however he claimed to have used the paint to track the movement of her arm, to detect fraud. There was publicity over the incident and Carrington claimed his comments had been misquoted by newspapers, Carrington exposed the sleight of hand tricks the Eddy Brothers used in an article in the Popular Science magazine. He wrote an introduction to the book Spiritism and Psychology by Théodore Flournoy which took an approach to cases of mediumship. Carrington gained his Ph. D. in 1918 from Oskaloosa College, in 1930, he stated I have no particular theory to defend, and no belief to uphold. I am not a convinced spiritualist, at the same time, among other researches he made a detailed study of the medium Eileen J. Garrett. Carringtons 1957 book The Case for Psychic Survival is devoted to Garrett, a large collection of his writings and correspondence is held by Heidieh Croce, the heir to Marie Carringtons estate, as well as the Princeton University library. He can be heard as a contestant on 7 October 1953 radio edition of You Bet Your Life, in 1921, Carrington founded the American Psychical Institute
6. John St Helier Lander – John St Helier Lander was a noted portrait painter. Born John Helier Lander, he added the St. to acknowledge his birthplace of Saint Helier in the Channel Islands and he was given his first paint box by Lillie Langtry, the famous beauty, actress and mistress of the Prince of Wales, later to become Edward VII. On leaving school, he was sent to become a watchmaker at the age of fifteen, on reaching the age of seventeen and having sold some of his pictures, he went to London to study in an art school. Although he remained there a year, he hated the school and he was invited to breakfast with Sir John Everett Millais, a fellow Jerseyman, who advised him to continue his artistic career and to go to Paris. In Paris he studied at the Académie Julian under William-Adolphe Bouguereau and he taught privately at the Jersey Ladies College and the Guernsey Ladies College. He undertook a group portrait of the Assize dHéritage which took him four years to complete. In 1897, it was purchased for £400 by Julia Westaway, of the Westaway Trust and he was greatly encouraged by the Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey at the time, Major General Henry Richard Abadie. When the General left Jersey, Lander followed him to London, Abadie was a regular visitor to Landers studio. Between Abadie and Colonel Sir Malcolm Fox, Lander made the acquaintance of all the leading British generals before the First World War, the wartime demand for portraits provided Lander with steady work and brought his name before a wider public. In 1923 he received a medal at the Paris Salon. He had been commissioned to symbolize the Youth of England through the Prince of Wales, Lander chose to portray the Prince dressed in polo kit, and the resulting picture was acclaimed, being awarded a medal at the Paris Salon. The King and Queen commanded that it be sent to Buckingham Palace for private viewing, the Queen then commissioned a portrait of the Duke of Kent in tennis kit. T. B. Davis commissioned a portrait of King George V of the United Kingdom for Victoria College, Jersey with a copy for the Engineers College, further copies were endowed for Canada House, Australia House and New Zealand House. Lander took pride in the fact that five of these portraits of the King had been unveiled by Royal Princes, an honour no portrait painter has ever had before
7. Stuart Syvret – Stuart Syvret is a political activist in Jersey. He held elected office as a member of the States of Jersey assembly from 1990 to 2010 and he was dismissed from ministerial office in September 2007 and returned to the backbenches until he was disqualified from membership of the States in April 2010 due to his absence from the island. He has been involved in a series of proceedings, as a defendant in a criminal prosecution in Jersey and as a claimant in judicial review and civil claims in Jersey. Stuart Syvret was born in Jersey and educated at Halkett Place School, St Helier Boys School and he obtained City and Guilds Craft and Advanced Craft in carpentry and joinery and went on to become a Member of the Institute of Carpenters. He was a Cabinet maker before entering politics, Syvret was elected, at his third attempt, to the States of Jersey in 1990 for a three-year term as Deputy of Saint Helier District 3&4 as a member of the Jersey Green Party. Standing as an independent, Syvret was elected for a term as Senator in 1993. He was re-elected in 1999, coming top of poll with 15,212 votes, in accordance with the States of Jersey Law 2005, Syvret was disqualified from his senatorial seat in April 2010 due to 6 months absence from the island. He had gone to live in London during his trial in Jersey for data protection, on his return from London in 2010, Syvret unsuccessfully fought a by-election in June 2010. He came second out of a field of nine candidates, polling 3,437 votes and he was a candidate for senator in the October 2011 elections. He failed to be elected, finishing out of 13 candidates for four vacant seats with 6,402 votes. Syvret voiced concerns over nuclear power production in France and he clashed with local trade unions when he campaigned against the renewal of a lease to Shell for its aviation fuel depot at Jersey airport, in protest over the companys activities in Nigeria. Svyret opposed proposals for the Limited Liability Partnerships Law 1997, which was sponsored by two UK accountants firms and he has spoken on this matter in the House and at Committee meetings, even though he has a financial interest in this matter. Reginald Jeune was a partner in one of Jerseys largest law firms Mourant. That firm was engaged by two accounting firms from the UK to assist them in getting this controversial law on the Statute book, reginald Jeune had stood down as a partner for the law firm several years previously. It was not disputed that he was engaged as a Consultant by the law firm, at the States assembly on 3 September 1996, Syvret refused to withdraw his statement, and was not allowed to speak. In an interview afterwards, Syvret told The Observer, I was not allowed to defend myself. This is like something out of George Orwells 1984, I was not allowed to defend myself, to speak on my behalf. UK MP Austin Mitchell described the States of Jerseys conduct in the matter as that of a legislature for hire, the States of Jersey subsequently agreed to set up a committee of inquiry into procedural matters relating to the drafting of the legislation
8. Albert Bedane – Albert Gustave Bedane lived in Jersey during the German occupation during World War II, and provided shelter to a Jewish woman and others, preventing their capture by the Nazis. He was born in Angers in France in 1893 and lived in Jersey from 1894 and he served in the British Army 1917-1920 and was naturalised as a British subject by the Royal Court of Jersey in 1921. By profession he was a masseur/physiotherapist, in 1966 the Soviet government presented Albert Bedane with a gold watch. On 4 January 2000, Albert Bedane was recognised as Righteous Among the Nations, a plaque erected by the Vingtaine de la Ville marks the site of his home in Roseville Street, Saint Helier, where he sheltered escapees. In 2004 BBC South West launched a vote for South West Heroes. The four nominations from Jersey, which falls within the BBCs South West broadcasting region, were Gerald Durrell, Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir Billy Butlin, in 2010, Bedane was posthumously named a British Hero of the Holocaust by the British Government. BBC article RESCUERS profile Occupation Memorial Vingtaine plaque to Albert Bedane Albert Bedane – his activity to save Jews lives during the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem website
9. Frederick Lonsdale – Frederick Lonsdale was an English dramatist. Lonsdale was born Lionel Frederick Leonard in St Helier, Jersey, the son of Susan and John Henry Leonard and he began as a private soldier and worked for the London and South Western Railway. His daughters included Angela Worthington and his biographer Frances Donaldson, while his grandsons included the actors Edward Fox, James Fox, frank Curzon produced the young Lonsdales first work, the musical King of Cadonia. Lonsdales more substantial than usual dialogue for the shows Ruritanian comic opera plot won King of Cadonia fine notices, Lonsdales next success was five years later, for George Edwardes, with Betty. Lonsdale continued to write some musicals after the war and he adapted Booth Tarkingtons Monsieur Beaucaire as a highly successful light opera and Jean Gilberts Die Frau im Hermelin and Katja, die Tänzerin, as well as Leo Falls Madame Pompadour. He also wrote the original book to the Parisian tale of The Street Singer for Phyllis Dare. He also began to write comedies, and his plays included Arent We All. Spring Cleaning, The Last of Mrs. Cheyney, On Approval, Canaries Sometimes Sing and his last play, The Way Things Go, was written in 1949, more than 40 years after his first stage work and five years before his death from a heart attack. Archived from the original on 1 June 2004, Frederick Lonsdale at the Internet Movie Database
10. Elinor Glyn – Elinor Glyn was a British novelist and scriptwriter who specialised in romantic fiction that was considered scandalous for its time. She popularized the concept of It, Elinor Sutherland was born on 17 October 1864 in Saint Helier, Jersey, in the Channel Islands. She was the daughter of Douglas Sutherland, a civil engineer of Scottish descent. Her father was said to be related to the Lords Duffus and her father died when she was two months old, her mother returned to the parental home in Guelph, in what was then Upper Canada, British North America with her two daughters. Here young Elinor was taught by her grandmother, Lucy Anne Saunders and she was the daughter of Sir Richard Willcocks, a key figure in the early Irish police force, who had suppressed the Emmet conspiracy in 1803. Richards brother Joseph also settled in Upper Canada, publishing one of the first opposition papers there, pursuing liberty, the Anglo-Irish grandmother instructed young Elinor in the ways of upper-class society. Glyns elder sister grew up to be Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, Glyns mother remarried in 1871 to David Kennedy, and the family returned to Jersey when Glyn was about eight years old. Her subsequent education at her stepfathers house was by governesses, at the age of 28, the green-eyed, red-haired but dowryless Elinor married on 27 April 1892. Her husband was Clayton Louis Glyn, a wealthy but spendthrift barrister and Essex landowner who was descended from Sir Richard Carr Glyn, the couple had two daughters, Margot and Juliet, but the marriage foundered on mutual incompatibility. Glyn began writing in 1900, starting with a based on letters to her mother. Her marriage was troubled, and Glyn began having affairs with various British aristocrats and she had a long affair between circa 1907 and 1916 with George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston. She was famously painted by society painter Philip de László at the age of 48, as her husband fell into debt from around 1908, Glyn wrote at least one novel a year to keep up her standard of living. Her husband died in November 1915, aged 58, after years of illness. Glyn pioneered risqué, and sometimes erotic, romantic fiction aimed at a female readership and she coined the use of the word it to mean a human characteristic that. draws all others with magnetic force. With IT you win all men if you are an all women if you are a man. IT can be a quality of the mind as well as a physical attraction and her use of the word is often erroneously taken to be a euphemism for sexuality or sex appeal. In 1919 she signed a contract with William Randolph Hearsts International Magazine Company for stories and articles included a clause for the motion picture rights. She was brought over from England to write screenplays by the Famous Players-Lasky Production Company and she wrote for Cosmopolitan and other Hearst press titles, advising women on how to keep their men and imparting health and beauty tips