Category:Planetaria in the United Kingdom
Pages in category "Planetaria in the United Kingdom"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Armagh Planetarium – In the same year Patrick Moore was appointed as Director of the Planetarium to oversee its construction. The planetarium cost £120,000 to build and was opened to the public on 1 May 1968, in addition, in 1994 a new exhibition hall, the Eartharium, was added due to increased interest in Earth Science. Under the directorship of Terence Murtagh in the 1970s, Armagh Planetarium introduced many new technologies, Murtagh recognised the possibility of exploiting the new technology of video projectors to provide the show’s special effects, eliminating entirely the need for dozens of slide projectors. Video tape recorders were very new and rare at this time, off-the-shelf video projectors had to be optically and electronically modified to present natural-looking images of celestial bodies on the dome. The system he introduced remained in place until computer controlled laserdisc players replaced the videotape players in the 1980s and this development was a great success and Armagh Planetarium was the first planetarium in the world to project video on its dome. Other planetaria around the world followed this lead, Armagh Planetarium pioneered the introduction of an electronic audience participation system. This allowed the audience to control the show themselves, space Odyssey, created in Armagh in the 1980s and scripted by Ian Ridpath, was the world’s first ever completely interactive planetarium show. This innovation has spread to planetaria worldwide, before reopening on 31 July 2006, Armagh Planetarium underwent a major refurbishment. The building was refurbished to make it more comfortable and environmentally friendly. Armagh Planetarium maintains an outreach programme, Planetarium staff travel to venues such as schools and science festivals to deliver presentations on astronomy and other sciences. A thirty-seat inflatable planetarium is used for most of these visits, on 7 December 2006, the Armagh Planetarium building was dedicated to the memory of Eric Lindsay in a ceremony led by Archbishop Robin Eames. Armagh Planetarium has used a series of projectors of increasing sophistication, the first projector was the Goto Mars, an example of advanced 1960s technology. It included individual lamps to project images of the Sun, Moon and this was followed by a Viewlex-Minolta Roman IIb, which is still in use in its current home at South Downs Planetarium in England. The first digital projector installed in Armagh was an Evans and Sutherland Digistar 1, Armagh was the first planetarium in the UK to use this new technology but it was soon replaced by the even more advanced Digistar 2. The latest Digistar 5 is a new computer system projecting full-colour fulldome video across the entire dome. Official site Biography of Dr. Eric Lindsay
2. Bayfordbury – Bayfordbury, Hertfordshire, is a large Grade II* listed country house with surrounding parkland. It is the location of a University of Hertfordshire campus, housing its biology/geography field station, also on the site is the Regional Science Learning Centre, which runs training courses for teachers and technicians in science learning for early years, primary and secondary. This is the University of Hertfordshires astronomical and atmospheric physics remote sensing observatory, in 2005 the Regional Science Learning Centre was set up at Bayfordbury to run courses that provide continuing professional development for anyone involved in the teaching of science. The Science Learning Centre has close ties with the observatory and hosts activities during its astronomy open evenings such as planetarium shows. The building also hosts some of the scientific instruments on its roof. The University of Hertfordshire uses the site as its biology and geography field station, the university owns a number of Bayfordburys woodlands and meadows including the Clinton-Baker Pinetum, Sailors Grove and Hooks Grove. The lake at Bayfordbury was created by the Baker family in 1772 and is now managed for its newts, crayfish, the site also houses five large glasshouses, used for plant and aquatic research. The 372-acre Bayfordbury estate was bought by the John Innes Centre in 1948, a new Cell Biology building was built in 1959, later to become the Science Learning Centre. In 1967 it moved to its present site in Norwich, the Clinton-Baker Pinetum is a 10-acre pinetum containing over 150 species of conifers from all over the world, many over 100 years old. The first conifers were planted in 1767 by Sir William Baker, Bayfordbury Observatory Website Science Learning Centre Bayfordbury Clinton-Baker Pinetum
3. Bayfordbury Observatory – Bayfordbury Observatory is the University of Hertfordshires astronomical and atmospheric physics remote sensing observatory, and one of the largest teaching observatories in the UK. It is located in the dark countryside of Bayfordbury, Hertfordshire,6 miles from the main university campus in Hatfield. The first telescope was built in 1969, and since then has used as a teaching observatory for undergraduate students, staff. The first telescope, a 16-inch Newtonian/Cassegrain telescope, was built on the site in 1969, in 1970 the observatory was formally opened by Richard van der Riet Woolley, then Astronomer Royal. Over the years the number of telescopes has increased along with the size of astronomy department, on the 30th anniversary in 2000, the observatory underwent a large renovation. The observatory has seven permanently mounted main optical telescopes, the first and largest being the 20-inch J. C. D Marsh Cassegrain Telescope, the other telescopes include five equatorially mounted, robotic 16-inch Meade LX200s as well as a 14-inch Meade LX200. These telescopes are equipped with research-grade CCD cameras, spectrographs, video cameras, a number of smaller telescopes are co-mounted to the main telescopes to act as guidescopes, widefield telescopes or H-alpha solar telescopes. As well as using optical wavelengths, the observatory also has extensive radio astronomy capabilities, the largest radio telescope is the 4. 5m R. W. Forrest telescope which is used for receiving the 21cm Hydrogen line and continuum emission. A further three 3m radio telescopes are soon to operate together as a 115 metre baseline interferometer, a nearby university science building houses a planetarium used during open evenings and groups visits. The university organises a variety of outreach events including monthly open evenings from October till March and group visits for school classes. Since 2010 the observatory has also grown to serve as a remote sensing station for the universitys Centre for Atmospheric & Instrumentation Research, Bayfordbury Observatory Website Images from Bayfordbury Observatory on Flickr University of Hertfordshire AllSky Cameras
4. Centre for Life – The International Centre for Life is a science village in Newcastle upon Tyne where scientists, clinicians, educationalists and business people work to promote the advancement of the life sciences. The ICFL Trust is a charity, governed by a board of trustees. The Life Science Centre is an attraction at the International Centre for Life. The Life Science Centre also has a programme providing science workshops to schools. The Centre was opened by The Queen in 2000, lifes patron is Dr James Watson, Nobel Prize winner and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA. The £90 million site was designed by Sir Terry Farrell, previously it had been a Roman settlement, a hospital and a livestock market. The project transformed an area of inner city Newcastle which now includes a hotel, offices, housing. Almost 600 people from 35 countries work at Life, partners in the Centre for Life include Newcastle University, the North East England Stem Cell Institute, the NHS Newcastle Fertility Centre and the NHS Northern Genetics Service. The Centre for Life complex encloses Times Square, where several entertainment venues and bars can be found, Times Square is located close to Newcastle Central railway station. The variety of events taking place at Centre for Life and Times Square attract many tourists as well as local people, in the winter months, Times Square is host to an open-air ice rink The square is often used for promotional purposes by various companies and corporations. In March 2009 it was the venue for the UKs first Maker Faire. The 2010 Newcastle Maker Faire was held at the Centre for Life, Maker Faire UK returned to the Centre for Life in 2013, at which over 300 hackers, crafters, coders, DIYers and inventors presented their projects alongside installations and drop-in workshops. Maker Faire UK is now an event, taking place on the last weekend of April each year at Life Science Centre. The Science Centres permanent exhibitions focuses on different aspects of scientific process, the Experiment Zone allows visitors to try out laboratory-style experiments such as DNA extraction using high end equipment used by research scientists. The Brain Zone is the centres newest section, which opened in March 2016, each year a new temporary exhibition is hosted or launched in May, often a major touring exhibition such as BODY WORLDS Vital in 2014. During the winter months, smaller scale exhibitions are hosted, either on loan from museums or created in-house. As well as the exhibitions, the Life Science Centre contains shows throughout the year, learning programmes are offered to schools, aiming to raise standards in science education for young people and reach up to 40,000 school children annually. An MSC in Science Communication is taught here in partnership with Northumbria University, school groups who visit the Centre for a lab or workshop are also able to visit the exhibition for an additional cost
5. Glasgow Science Centre – Glasgow Science Centre is a visitor attraction located in the Clyde Waterfront Regeneration area on the south bank of the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. Queen Elizabeth II opened Glasgow Science Centre on 5 June 2001 and it is one of Scotlands most popular paid-for visitor attractions. It is a science centre composed of three principal buildings which are the Science Mall, Glasgow Tower and an IMAX cinema. The Scottish tourist board, VisitScotland, awarded Glasgow Science Centre a five star rating in the visitor attraction category, as well as its main location, Glasgow Science Centre also manages the visitor centre at Whitelee Wind Farm, which opened to the public in 2009. The largest of the three main, titanium-clad buildings takes a crescent shape structure and houses a Science Mall. In architectural terms it represents the hull of a ship, a reference to the adjacent canting basin. Internally, there are three floors of over 250 science-learning exhibits, as is usual for science centres, the exhibits aim to encourage interaction, and can be used or played with as part of the informal learning experience the centre aims to deliver. The building was designed by BDP, on Floor 1, amongst the many interactive exhibits that demonstrate scientific principles, visitors can access a Science Show Theatre and the Glasgow Science Centre Planetarium. The planetarium contains a Zeiss optical-mechanical projector that projects images of the sky onto a 15m diameter dome. There is an area aimed at young children called, The Big Explorer. On Floor 2, visitors can explore opportunities in STEM careers in the My World of Work Live interactive exhibition space, there is also The Lab, primarily used as an educational workshop space. Floor 3 was refurbished in 2012 and reopened to the public on 28 March 2013 and it now houses an interactive exhibition about human health and wellbeing in the 21st century called, BodyWorks. Visitors are invited to consider their bodies, health and lifestyle from a new perspective through 115 interactive exhibits, research capsules, the Ground Floor of the Science Mall contains the Ticket desk, Cafes, Gift Shop, and a cloakroom. Access to Glasgow Tower for the public is also via the Ground Floor, the Glasgow Tower was designed to be the tallest freely-rotating tower in the world. It missed its opening date in 2001 and has plagued by problems ever since. It has been closed for over 80% of its life, and was closed from August 2010 until July 2014, the IMAX cinema was the first IMAX cinema to be built in Scotland. The single auditorium seats 370 in front of a screen measuring 25 m by 18.9 m and has the capability to show 3D films as well as standard 2D films in IMAX format. It opened to the public in October 2000 Premiered The First Film Entitled Dolphins, on 6 September 2013, Cineworld agreed a 10-year lease to operate the IMAX cinema and opened a Starbucks on site
6. London Planetarium – The building known as the London Planetarium is in Marylebone Road, London. It is adjacent to Madame Tussauds and is owned by the same company, a famous London landmark, it was once a notable tourist attraction, housing a planetarium, which offered shows relating to space and astronomy. It closed in 2006 as an attraction and is now part of Madame Tussauds. From 2010 forward, the building once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction. The only planetarium in London is now the Peter Harrison Planetarium in Greenwich, for its first five decades of operation, an opto-mechanical star projector offered the audience a show based on a view of the night sky as seen from earth. Between 1977 and 1990, evening laser performances called Laserium were held, in 1986 the planetarium was mentioned in the song Dickie Davies Eyes by Half Man Half Biscuit, which claimed that Brian Moores head looks uncannily like London Planetarium. Madame Tussauds subsequently announced that in July 2006 the Auditorium would open with a show by Aardman Animations about celebrities, to say farewell to the planetarium, Madame Tussauds allowed free entry to the show in its penultimate, week. Dr Henry C. King opened the planetarium and served as Scientific Director before opening and curating the McLaughlin planetarium in Toronto, john Ebdon, author, broadcaster and Graecophile was director of the London Planetarium. The London Planetarium no longer exists and it is no longer possible to visit it as a separate attraction, the web site is redirected to Madame Tussauds and here is a statement from their web site, In 2006 the Planetarium was rebranded and renamed the Star Dome. The Star Dome is part of the Madame Tussauds attraction and is included in the ticket price, please note that we no longer show astronomy-based shows From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction
7. National Space Centre – It is located on the north side the city of Leicester, England, next to the River Soar. The building was designed by Nicholas Grimshaw, and it opened to the public on 30 June 2001, the tower is 42 m tall and claims to be the only place to house upright space rockets indoors. The centre arose from a partnership between the University of Leicesters Space Research Centre and local government agencies, the total project cost was £52m, £26m of which came from a Millennium Commission grant, and the rest from private sector sponsors. It is run as a charity, and offers science workshops for school children of all ages. The Centre has on one of only three known Soyuz spacecraft in Western Europe. The centre has six galleries of exhibits and visitor activities covering space flight, astronomy. The attraction also includes a Digistar 3 dome cinema and planetarium, a gift shop, the restaurant is situated beneath the two nozzles of the Blue Streak and PGM-17 Thor rockets. The Centres own digital visualisation team, NSC Creative, make all the fulldome planetarium shows shown at the Centre, by 2011, NSC Creative fulldome shows are playing in over 220 planetaria in 27 countries worldwide. These productions include the official International Year of Astronomy planetarium show We are Astronomers which was funded by the UK Science, the failed Beagle 2 Mars spacecraft was controlled from the centres Landing Operations Control Centre. UK Governments official Near-Earth object Information Centre is also based at the centre, apollo program astronaut Buzz Aldrin visited the Space Centre in June 2005. The first Star Wars Day was held on 30 July 2005, due to the popularity of this event, Star Wars weekend has been held annually, as of 2015. The centre hosted a celebration of 50 years of Doctor Who in November 2013, a Sci-Fi Weekend on the weekend beginning 17 June 2006 included a live-action experience similar to Alien War. On 19 July 2006 NASA astronaut Brian Duffy visited and told people about his trip to space, more recently the National Space Centre hosted a UK tour by the NASA STS-121 crew, including UK born astronaut Piers Sellers. The crew spoke to MPs, industry leaders and school children about the UK Space Industry, many of the children who met the crew said they were inspired to consider science and technology as a further education topic. In 2007, the National Space Centre celebrated 50 Years in Space, british National Space Centre Abbey Pumping Station, nearby museum Official website National Space Centre YouTube channel
8. Norman Lockyer Observatory – The Norman Lockyer Observatory, the Lockyer Technology Centre, and the Planetarium, is a public access optical observatory in Sidmouth, East Devon on the Jurassic Coast of South West England. The observatory houses a number of optical telescopes, including the Lockyer Telescope. The observatory was founded by Joseph Norman Lockyer in 1912 when he retired to Sidmouth following the closure of the South Kensington Observatory, originally known as Hill Observatory, the observatory was renamed Norman Lockyer Observatory after his death in 1920. Lady Lockyer took a strong interest and made gifts to the observatory and she was elected to the Royal Astronomical Society in 1923. The Observatorys historic instruments are associated with Lockyers pioneering work on star temperature which led to theories of stellar evolution, the facility was operated by the University of Exeter between 1948 and 1984. In 1984 East Devon District Council became the owner/trustee of the observatory, an exhibition area and 60-seat planetarium was added in 1996 and a 100-seat convention center for lectures and academic conferences added in 2005. The Connaught Dome, which incorporates Lockyer Technology Centre, was opened in 2012, the observatory is staffed by volunteers, and is regularly open to the public on specific afternoons and evenings. There are five domes, Mond, housing the 6¼-inch Lockyer Telescope, built in 1871, this optical refractor telescope is on a German equatorial mount. Norman Lockyer used the objective lens from this telescope to discover helium in 1868, built in 1881 for the Solar Physics Observatory, London, it has both a 10 and 9 tube for observations and spectroscopy respectively. McClean, housing the McClean Telescope, built in 1897 and donated to the observatory by Francis McClean in 1912, also in the dome is the Cooke Siderostat, which displays the spectrum of the Sun on the wall of the dome. Connaught, housing a 20 reflector and the radio astronomy facility. The atmosphere is usually free of air pollution and light pollution and, as the sea has a uniform temperature, the air is also free of rising currents which can distort optical images. The observatory is active in both optical and radio astronomy and has an astro imaging group, a radio group, a meteorology and weather satellite facility. The Lockyer Technology Centre has the call sign MX0LTC. It cooperates with undergraduate courses of the University of Exeter, the University of Plymouth and the Open Universities, the observatory is home to the annual South West Astronomy Fair on the second Saturday in August. 2012 saw the Centenary of the observatory with special events taking place throughout that year and the opening of the new Connaught Dome. The observatory holds a library, including spectral plates, an archive of Lockyers papers is held at the University of Exeter. The observatory is home to the astronomical society Norman Lockyer Observatory Society and it is a registered charity with the principal activities of promoting the public understanding of science, technology and astronomy and supporting science education in schools and universities
9. Peter Harrison Planetarium – The Peter Harrison Planetarium is a 120-seat digital laser planetarium, situated in Greenwich Park, London and is part of the National Maritime Museum. It opened on 25 May 2007, the planetarium uses Digistar 3 software with blue, red and green lasers and grating light valve technology to create a 4,000 pixel strip. This strip is swept to produce a 5,000 by 4,000 pixel image, the image is projected through a fisheye lens onto the dome of the planetarium. This planetarium is housed inside a 45-ton bronze-clad truncated cone, tilted at 51. 5o to the horizontal, London Planetarium Planetarium shows, Royal Museums Greenwich