Category:Planetaria in the United Kingdom
Pages in category "Planetaria in the United Kingdom"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Keyhole Markup Language – Keyhole Markup Language is an XML notation for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed for use with Google Earth, which was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer and it was created by Keyhole, Inc, which was acquired by Google in 2004. KML became a standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium in 2008. Google Earth was the first program able to view and graphically edit KML files, other projects such as Marble have also started to develop KML support. The KML file specifies a set of features for display in Here Maps, Google Earth, Maps and Mobile, each place always has a longitude and a latitude. Other data can make the more specific, such as tilt, heading, altitude. KML shares some of the same grammar as GML. Some KML information cannot be viewed in Google Maps or Mobile, KML files are very often distributed in KMZ files, which are zipped KML files with a. kmz extension. These must be legacy compression compatible, otherwise the. kmz file might not uncompress in all geobrowsers. The contents of a KMZ file are a single root KML document and optionally any overlays, images, icons, the root KML document by convention is a file named doc. kml at the root directory level, which is the file loaded upon opening. By convention the root KML document is at level and referenced files are in subdirectories. An example KML document is, The MIME type associated with KML is application/vnd. google-earth. kml+xml, the longitude, latitude components are as defined by the World Geodetic System of 1984. The vertical component is measured in meters from the WGS84 EGM96 Geoid vertical datum, if altitude is omitted from a coordinate string, e. g. then the default value of 0 is assumed for the altitude component, i. e. A formal definition of the reference system used by KML is contained in the OGC KML2.2 Specification. This definition references well-known EPSG CRS components, the KML2.2 specification was submitted to the Open Geospatial Consortium to assure its status as an open standard for all geobrowsers. In November 2007 a new KML2.2 Standards Working Group was established within OGC to formalize KML2.2 as an OGC standard. Comments were sought on the standard until January 4,2008. The OGC KML Standards Working Group finished working on change requests to KML2.2, the official OGC KML2.3 standard was published in August 4,2015
2. GPS eXchange Format – GPX, or GPS Exchange Format, is an XML schema designed as a common GPS data format for software applications. It can be used to describe waypoints, tracks, and routes, the format is open and can be used without the need to pay license fees. Location data is stored in tags and can be interchanged between GPS devices and software, common software applications for the data include viewing tracks projected onto various map sources, annotating maps, and geotagging photographs based on the time they were taken. These are the data contained in GPX files. Ellipsis means that the element can be repeated. Additional data may exist within every markup but is not shown here and it consists of the WGS84 coordinates of a point and possibly other descriptive information. TrkType is a track, made of at least one segment containing waypoints, that is, a Track Segment holds a list of Track Points which are logically connected in order. To represent a single GPS track where GPS reception was lost, or the GPS receiver was turned off, rteType is a route, an ordered list of routepoint leading to a destination. Conceptually, tracks are a record of where a person has been, technically, a track is made of a sufficient number of trackpoints to precisely draw every bend of a path on a bitmap. The routepoints may be crossings or junctions or as distant as stopover towns, hence, such a project can be saved and reloaded in a GPX file. A process called routing computes a route and may produce a GPX route made of the routepoints where some driver action takes place, the GPX points may contain the text of those instructions. The GPX file may contain both route and track so that a program can get points from the track even if it has no access to a vector map. The minimum properties for a GPX file are latitude and longitude for every single point. Some vendors, such as Humminbird and Garmin, use extensions to the GPX format for recording street address, phone number, business category, air temperature, depth of water, and other parameters. Latitude and longitude are expressed in degrees, and elevation in meters. Dates and times are not local time, but instead are Coordinated Universal Time using ISO8601 format, the following is a truncated GPX file produced by a Garmin Oregon 400t hand-held GPS unit. Concepts Point of Interest OpenStreetMap, a project to create free editable maps using, among others. File formats Exchangeable image file format Geography Markup Language KML, the equivalent format compatible with Google Earth, NMEA0183 NMEA2000 TCX, Garmin Training Center XML Software GPSBabel, used to upload/download/convert GPX files GPX, the GPS Exchange Format
3. Armagh Planetarium – In the same year Patrick Moore was appointed as Director of the Planetarium to oversee its construction. The planetarium cost £120,000 to build and was opened to the public on 1 May 1968, in addition, in 1994 a new exhibition hall, the Eartharium, was added due to increased interest in Earth Science. Under the directorship of Terence Murtagh in the 1970s, Armagh Planetarium introduced many new technologies, Murtagh recognised the possibility of exploiting the new technology of video projectors to provide the show’s special effects, eliminating entirely the need for dozens of slide projectors. Video tape recorders were very new and rare at this time, off-the-shelf video projectors had to be optically and electronically modified to present natural-looking images of celestial bodies on the dome. The system he introduced remained in place until computer controlled laserdisc players replaced the videotape players in the 1980s and this development was a great success and Armagh Planetarium was the first planetarium in the world to project video on its dome. Other planetaria around the world followed this lead, Armagh Planetarium pioneered the introduction of an electronic audience participation system. This allowed the audience to control the show themselves, space Odyssey, created in Armagh in the 1980s and scripted by Ian Ridpath, was the world’s first ever completely interactive planetarium show. This innovation has spread to planetaria worldwide, before reopening on 31 July 2006, Armagh Planetarium underwent a major refurbishment. The building was refurbished to make it more comfortable and environmentally friendly. Armagh Planetarium maintains an outreach programme, Planetarium staff travel to venues such as schools and science festivals to deliver presentations on astronomy and other sciences. A thirty-seat inflatable planetarium is used for most of these visits, on 7 December 2006, the Armagh Planetarium building was dedicated to the memory of Eric Lindsay in a ceremony led by Archbishop Robin Eames. Armagh Planetarium has used a series of projectors of increasing sophistication, the first projector was the Goto Mars, an example of advanced 1960s technology. It included individual lamps to project images of the Sun, Moon and this was followed by a Viewlex-Minolta Roman IIb, which is still in use in its current home at South Downs Planetarium in England. The first digital projector installed in Armagh was an Evans and Sutherland Digistar 1, Armagh was the first planetarium in the UK to use this new technology but it was soon replaced by the even more advanced Digistar 2. The latest Digistar 5 is a new computer system projecting full-colour fulldome video across the entire dome. Official site Biography of Dr. Eric Lindsay
4. Bayfordbury – Bayfordbury, Hertfordshire, is a large Grade II* listed country house with surrounding parkland. It is the location of a University of Hertfordshire campus, housing its biology/geography field station, also on the site is the Regional Science Learning Centre, which runs training courses for teachers and technicians in science learning for early years, primary and secondary. This is the University of Hertfordshires astronomical and atmospheric physics remote sensing observatory, in 2005 the Regional Science Learning Centre was set up at Bayfordbury to run courses that provide continuing professional development for anyone involved in the teaching of science. The Science Learning Centre has close ties with the observatory and hosts activities during its astronomy open evenings such as planetarium shows. The building also hosts some of the scientific instruments on its roof. The University of Hertfordshire uses the site as its biology and geography field station, the university owns a number of Bayfordburys woodlands and meadows including the Clinton-Baker Pinetum, Sailors Grove and Hooks Grove. The lake at Bayfordbury was created by the Baker family in 1772 and is now managed for its newts, crayfish, the site also houses five large glasshouses, used for plant and aquatic research. The 372-acre Bayfordbury estate was bought by the John Innes Centre in 1948, a new Cell Biology building was built in 1959, later to become the Science Learning Centre. In 1967 it moved to its present site in Norwich, the Clinton-Baker Pinetum is a 10-acre pinetum containing over 150 species of conifers from all over the world, many over 100 years old. The first conifers were planted in 1767 by Sir William Baker, Bayfordbury Observatory Website Science Learning Centre Bayfordbury Clinton-Baker Pinetum
5. Bayfordbury Observatory – Bayfordbury Observatory is the University of Hertfordshires astronomical and atmospheric physics remote sensing observatory, and one of the largest teaching observatories in the UK. It is located in the dark countryside of Bayfordbury, Hertfordshire,6 miles from the main university campus in Hatfield. The first telescope was built in 1969, and since then has used as a teaching observatory for undergraduate students, staff. The first telescope, a 16-inch Newtonian/Cassegrain telescope, was built on the site in 1969, in 1970 the observatory was formally opened by Richard van der Riet Woolley, then Astronomer Royal. Over the years the number of telescopes has increased along with the size of astronomy department, on the 30th anniversary in 2000, the observatory underwent a large renovation. The observatory has seven permanently mounted main optical telescopes, the first and largest being the 20-inch J. C. D Marsh Cassegrain Telescope, the other telescopes include five equatorially mounted, robotic 16-inch Meade LX200s as well as a 14-inch Meade LX200. These telescopes are equipped with research-grade CCD cameras, spectrographs, video cameras, a number of smaller telescopes are co-mounted to the main telescopes to act as guidescopes, widefield telescopes or H-alpha solar telescopes. As well as using optical wavelengths, the observatory also has extensive radio astronomy capabilities, the largest radio telescope is the 4. 5m R. W. Forrest telescope which is used for receiving the 21cm Hydrogen line and continuum emission. A further three 3m radio telescopes are soon to operate together as a 115 metre baseline interferometer, a nearby university science building houses a planetarium used during open evenings and groups visits. The university organises a variety of outreach events including monthly open evenings from October till March and group visits for school classes. Since 2010 the observatory has also grown to serve as a remote sensing station for the universitys Centre for Atmospheric & Instrumentation Research, Bayfordbury Observatory Website Images from Bayfordbury Observatory on Flickr University of Hertfordshire AllSky Cameras
6. Centre for Life – The International Centre for Life is a science village in Newcastle upon Tyne where scientists, clinicians, educationalists and business people work to promote the advancement of the life sciences. The ICFL Trust is a charity, governed by a board of trustees. The Life Science Centre is an attraction at the International Centre for Life. The Life Science Centre also has a programme providing science workshops to schools. The Centre was opened by The Queen in 2000, lifes patron is Dr James Watson, Nobel Prize winner and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA. The £90 million site was designed by Sir Terry Farrell, previously it had been a Roman settlement, a hospital and a livestock market. The project transformed an area of inner city Newcastle which now includes a hotel, offices, housing. Almost 600 people from 35 countries work at Life, partners in the Centre for Life include Newcastle University, the North East England Stem Cell Institute, the NHS Newcastle Fertility Centre and the NHS Northern Genetics Service. The Centre for Life complex encloses Times Square, where several entertainment venues and bars can be found, Times Square is located close to Newcastle Central railway station. The variety of events taking place at Centre for Life and Times Square attract many tourists as well as local people, in the winter months, Times Square is host to an open-air ice rink The square is often used for promotional purposes by various companies and corporations. In March 2009 it was the venue for the UKs first Maker Faire. The 2010 Newcastle Maker Faire was held at the Centre for Life, Maker Faire UK returned to the Centre for Life in 2013, at which over 300 hackers, crafters, coders, DIYers and inventors presented their projects alongside installations and drop-in workshops. Maker Faire UK is now an event, taking place on the last weekend of April each year at Life Science Centre. The Science Centres permanent exhibitions focuses on different aspects of scientific process, the Experiment Zone allows visitors to try out laboratory-style experiments such as DNA extraction using high end equipment used by research scientists. The Brain Zone is the centres newest section, which opened in March 2016, each year a new temporary exhibition is hosted or launched in May, often a major touring exhibition such as BODY WORLDS Vital in 2014. During the winter months, smaller scale exhibitions are hosted, either on loan from museums or created in-house. As well as the exhibitions, the Life Science Centre contains shows throughout the year, learning programmes are offered to schools, aiming to raise standards in science education for young people and reach up to 40,000 school children annually. An MSC in Science Communication is taught here in partnership with Northumbria University, school groups who visit the Centre for a lab or workshop are also able to visit the exhibition for an additional cost
7. Glasgow Science Centre – Glasgow Science Centre is a visitor attraction located in the Clyde Waterfront Regeneration area on the south bank of the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. Queen Elizabeth II opened Glasgow Science Centre on 5 June 2001 and it is one of Scotlands most popular paid-for visitor attractions. It is a science centre composed of three principal buildings which are the Science Mall, Glasgow Tower and an IMAX cinema. The Scottish tourist board, VisitScotland, awarded Glasgow Science Centre a five star rating in the visitor attraction category, as well as its main location, Glasgow Science Centre also manages the visitor centre at Whitelee Wind Farm, which opened to the public in 2009. The largest of the three main, titanium-clad buildings takes a crescent shape structure and houses a Science Mall. In architectural terms it represents the hull of a ship, a reference to the adjacent canting basin. Internally, there are three floors of over 250 science-learning exhibits, as is usual for science centres, the exhibits aim to encourage interaction, and can be used or played with as part of the informal learning experience the centre aims to deliver. The building was designed by BDP, on Floor 1, amongst the many interactive exhibits that demonstrate scientific principles, visitors can access a Science Show Theatre and the Glasgow Science Centre Planetarium. The planetarium contains a Zeiss optical-mechanical projector that projects images of the sky onto a 15m diameter dome. There is an area aimed at young children called, The Big Explorer. On Floor 2, visitors can explore opportunities in STEM careers in the My World of Work Live interactive exhibition space, there is also The Lab, primarily used as an educational workshop space. Floor 3 was refurbished in 2012 and reopened to the public on 28 March 2013 and it now houses an interactive exhibition about human health and wellbeing in the 21st century called, BodyWorks. Visitors are invited to consider their bodies, health and lifestyle from a new perspective through 115 interactive exhibits, research capsules, the Ground Floor of the Science Mall contains the Ticket desk, Cafes, Gift Shop, and a cloakroom. Access to Glasgow Tower for the public is also via the Ground Floor, the Glasgow Tower was designed to be the tallest freely-rotating tower in the world. It missed its opening date in 2001 and has plagued by problems ever since. It has been closed for over 80% of its life, and was closed from August 2010 until July 2014, the IMAX cinema was the first IMAX cinema to be built in Scotland. The single auditorium seats 370 in front of a screen measuring 25 m by 18.9 m and has the capability to show 3D films as well as standard 2D films in IMAX format. It opened to the public in October 2000 Premiered The First Film Entitled Dolphins, on 6 September 2013, Cineworld agreed a 10-year lease to operate the IMAX cinema and opened a Starbucks on site
8. London Planetarium – The building known as the London Planetarium is in Marylebone Road, London. It is adjacent to Madame Tussauds and is owned by the same company, a famous London landmark, it was once a notable tourist attraction, housing a planetarium, which offered shows relating to space and astronomy. It closed in 2006 as an attraction and is now part of Madame Tussauds. From 2010 forward, the building once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction. The only planetarium in London is now the Peter Harrison Planetarium in Greenwich, for its first five decades of operation, an opto-mechanical star projector offered the audience a show based on a view of the night sky as seen from earth. Between 1977 and 1990, evening laser performances called Laserium were held, in 1986 the planetarium was mentioned in the song Dickie Davies Eyes by Half Man Half Biscuit, which claimed that Brian Moores head looks uncannily like London Planetarium. Madame Tussauds subsequently announced that in July 2006 the Auditorium would open with a show by Aardman Animations about celebrities, to say farewell to the planetarium, Madame Tussauds allowed free entry to the show in its penultimate, week. Dr Henry C. King opened the planetarium and served as Scientific Director before opening and curating the McLaughlin planetarium in Toronto, john Ebdon, author, broadcaster and Graecophile was director of the London Planetarium. The London Planetarium no longer exists and it is no longer possible to visit it as a separate attraction, the web site is redirected to Madame Tussauds and here is a statement from their web site, In 2006 the Planetarium was rebranded and renamed the Star Dome. The Star Dome is part of the Madame Tussauds attraction and is included in the ticket price, please note that we no longer show astronomy-based shows From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Superheroes 4D attraction
9. National Space Centre – It is located on the north side the city of Leicester, England, next to the River Soar. The building was designed by Nicholas Grimshaw, and it opened to the public on 30 June 2001, the tower is 42 m tall and claims to be the only place to house upright space rockets indoors. The centre arose from a partnership between the University of Leicesters Space Research Centre and local government agencies, the total project cost was £52m, £26m of which came from a Millennium Commission grant, and the rest from private sector sponsors. It is run as a charity, and offers science workshops for school children of all ages. The Centre has on one of only three known Soyuz spacecraft in Western Europe. The centre has six galleries of exhibits and visitor activities covering space flight, astronomy. The attraction also includes a Digistar 3 dome cinema and planetarium, a gift shop, the restaurant is situated beneath the two nozzles of the Blue Streak and PGM-17 Thor rockets. The Centres own digital visualisation team, NSC Creative, make all the fulldome planetarium shows shown at the Centre, by 2011, NSC Creative fulldome shows are playing in over 220 planetaria in 27 countries worldwide. These productions include the official International Year of Astronomy planetarium show We are Astronomers which was funded by the UK Science, the failed Beagle 2 Mars spacecraft was controlled from the centres Landing Operations Control Centre. UK Governments official Near-Earth object Information Centre is also based at the centre, apollo program astronaut Buzz Aldrin visited the Space Centre in June 2005. The first Star Wars Day was held on 30 July 2005, due to the popularity of this event, Star Wars weekend has been held annually, as of 2015. The centre hosted a celebration of 50 years of Doctor Who in November 2013, a Sci-Fi Weekend on the weekend beginning 17 June 2006 included a live-action experience similar to Alien War. On 19 July 2006 NASA astronaut Brian Duffy visited and told people about his trip to space, more recently the National Space Centre hosted a UK tour by the NASA STS-121 crew, including UK born astronaut Piers Sellers. The crew spoke to MPs, industry leaders and school children about the UK Space Industry, many of the children who met the crew said they were inspired to consider science and technology as a further education topic. In 2007, the National Space Centre celebrated 50 Years in Space, british National Space Centre Abbey Pumping Station, nearby museum Official website National Space Centre YouTube channel
10. Norman Lockyer Observatory – The Norman Lockyer Observatory, the Lockyer Technology Centre, and the Planetarium, is a public access optical observatory in Sidmouth, East Devon on the Jurassic Coast of South West England. The observatory houses a number of optical telescopes, including the Lockyer Telescope. The observatory was founded by Joseph Norman Lockyer in 1912 when he retired to Sidmouth following the closure of the South Kensington Observatory, originally known as Hill Observatory, the observatory was renamed Norman Lockyer Observatory after his death in 1920. Lady Lockyer took a strong interest and made gifts to the observatory and she was elected to the Royal Astronomical Society in 1923. The Observatorys historic instruments are associated with Lockyers pioneering work on star temperature which led to theories of stellar evolution, the facility was operated by the University of Exeter between 1948 and 1984. In 1984 East Devon District Council became the owner/trustee of the observatory, an exhibition area and 60-seat planetarium was added in 1996 and a 100-seat convention center for lectures and academic conferences added in 2005. The Connaught Dome, which incorporates Lockyer Technology Centre, was opened in 2012, the observatory is staffed by volunteers, and is regularly open to the public on specific afternoons and evenings. There are five domes, Mond, housing the 6¼-inch Lockyer Telescope, built in 1871, this optical refractor telescope is on a German equatorial mount. Norman Lockyer used the objective lens from this telescope to discover helium in 1868, built in 1881 for the Solar Physics Observatory, London, it has both a 10 and 9 tube for observations and spectroscopy respectively. McClean, housing the McClean Telescope, built in 1897 and donated to the observatory by Francis McClean in 1912, also in the dome is the Cooke Siderostat, which displays the spectrum of the Sun on the wall of the dome. Connaught, housing a 20 reflector and the radio astronomy facility. The atmosphere is usually free of air pollution and light pollution and, as the sea has a uniform temperature, the air is also free of rising currents which can distort optical images. The observatory is active in both optical and radio astronomy and has an astro imaging group, a radio group, a meteorology and weather satellite facility. The Lockyer Technology Centre has the call sign MX0LTC. It cooperates with undergraduate courses of the University of Exeter, the University of Plymouth and the Open Universities, the observatory is home to the annual South West Astronomy Fair on the second Saturday in August. 2012 saw the Centenary of the observatory with special events taking place throughout that year and the opening of the new Connaught Dome. The observatory holds a library, including spectral plates, an archive of Lockyers papers is held at the University of Exeter. The observatory is home to the astronomical society Norman Lockyer Observatory Society and it is a registered charity with the principal activities of promoting the public understanding of science, technology and astronomy and supporting science education in schools and universities
11. Peter Harrison Planetarium – The Peter Harrison Planetarium is a 120-seat digital laser planetarium, situated in Greenwich Park, London and is part of the National Maritime Museum. It opened on 25 May 2007, the planetarium uses Digistar 3 software with blue, red and green lasers and grating light valve technology to create a 4,000 pixel strip. This strip is swept to produce a 5,000 by 4,000 pixel image, the image is projected through a fisheye lens onto the dome of the planetarium. This planetarium is housed inside a 45-ton bronze-clad truncated cone, tilted at 51. 5o to the horizontal, London Planetarium Planetarium shows, Royal Museums Greenwich
12. South Downs Planetarium & Science Centre – The South Downs Planetarium and Science Centre is an educational facility in Chichester, West Sussex, run by a team of volunteers and astronomy enthusiasts and inaugurated in 2002. In 2007 Patrick Moore stated in an interview with the BBC that the planetarium was self-financing, in 1994 West Sussex County Council made available a plot of land and a barn which after subsequent rebuilding work formed the main Planetarium building. The establishment is in the south of Chichester, now being called the Sir Patrick Moore Building, Kingsham Farm, Kingsham Rd, Chichester, another Planetarium was being built then on the outskirts of Winchester 28 miles northwest. At about the time, a Viewlex-Minolta S-IIb star projector was retired by the Armagh Planetarium. The projector had not been used for years but astronomer Dr John Mason was able to put it back into working order. Moore attributed the success of the project to four prime-movers, John Mason, John Green, Peter Fray, John Green was appointed MBE in the 2004 New Year Honours list for services to the Planetarium. To complement the Science Centre the British and Irish Meteorite Society donated a substantial collection in 2005. In 2011 the Planetarium featured in an episode of the BBC series The Sky at Night, the Planetarium has a 100-seater auditorium, displays, shop, library and computer room. The centrepiece of the theatre is the projector which projects nearly 4500 stars. There is free car parking adjacent to the Planetarium building, easy access for the disabled, the Planetarium puts on new public shows every month, usually on Friday evenings and Sunday afternoons, but also at other times during school holidays. Members of the public are welcome to visit the Planetarium at the times listed on their website. The Planetarium places a focus on learning for people of all ages and is available for educational visits, with presentations in the main auditorium given by an experienced lecturer
13. Southend Central Museum – The Central Museum is a museum in Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England. The museum houses collections of local and natural history and contains a planetarium constructed by astronomer Harry Ford in 1984, the museum was opened in April 1981 in a Grade II listed building that was previously Southends first free public library. The library service had moved to a new purpose built site on Victoria Avenue, the Museum was originally built in 1905 as a free library, with £8000 of funding from Andrew Carnegie. The architect was Henry Thomas Hare, the Museum features a collection of original Ekco radios, manufactured by E. K. Cole & Co. Ltd. formerly based in Southend. In the 1930s, this company was one of Britains largest radio manufacturers, the displays also include local and natural history and archaeology
14. Thinktank, Birmingham Science Museum – Thinktank, Birmingham Science Museum is a science museum in Birmingham, England. Opened in 2001, it is part of Birmingham Museums Trust and is located within the Millennium Point complex on Curzon Street, Digbeth. The Birmingham Collection of Science & Industry was started in the century, initially consisting of collections of weapons from the gun trade. The Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery opened in 1885, including science collections, in 1951 the Museum of Science and Industry opened at Elkington Silver Electroplating Works, Newhall Street. Over the following years, the museum acquired individual artefacts, as well as collections, that were related to local industry. Birmingham City Council decided in 1995 to relocate the museum when it was given an opportunity by the Millennium Commission to construct a new building. At the time, the old building was falling into a state of disrepair, the former museum closed in 1997, and Thinktank opened on 29 September 2001 as part of the £114-million Millennium Point complex. It was funded by Birmingham City Council, supported by the Millennium Commission, the area adjacent to the building is designated Eastside City Park. While many objects were put on display at Thinktank, others were stored at the Birmingham Museum Collection Centre, although the previous science museum was free to enter, Thinktank charges an entrance fee. In 2005 the museum underwent a £2 million upgrade, including the installation of a planetarium, by 2007 it had received over 1 million visitors. In April 2012, Birmingham Museums Trust took over governance and management responsibility for Thinktank, in March 2015, a new Spitfire gallery opened, relating the displayed aircraft to their production, locally. Among the new exhibits are a flying helmet previously belonging to Helen Kerly. Thinktank has four floors of over 200 hands-on exhibits and artefacts, each floor has a theme, in general going from the past, in The Past, through The Balcony and The Present, to the future, in The Future gallery. The museum shares the Millennium Point building with Birmingham City University and it lies near Aston University and the Gun Quarter – which was for many years the centre of worlds gun-manufacturing industry. Immediately opposite are The Woodman, a house, and Curzon Street railway station - both listed buildings
15. Winchester Science Centre – Winchester Science Centre is a hands-on, interactive, science and technology centre located in Morn Hill, just outside the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. Opened in 2002 after major grants from amongst others the Millennium Commission, IBM, SEEDA, the centre houses over 100 activities, all of which link in with the National Curriculum for schools. During term time it is used mainly by local schools and days out, while at week ends, the dome is now a state-of-the-art digital planetarium seating 176. Winchester Science Centre offers an exhibition area with 100 hands-on science exhibits, each of which has a curriculum linked sign on-site. In addition Winchester Science Centre features a planetarium that offers a full-dome experience. The centre also offers school visits by their new mobile planetarium with shows that are engaging and relevant to the curriculum. The on-site education team offer a variety of tailored workshops for primary and secondary students within the Winchester Science Centre classrooms. Workshops include Data logging, Parts of a flower, Electrical Conductors, Winchester Science Centre are also proud to offer workshops for CAD/CAM in partnership with Techsoft. Winchester Science Centre is the Contract Holder for STEMNET in Hampshire, as Contract Holder, the Science Centre brokers relationships with over 700 trained STEM Ambassadors each of whom volunteer their time for free to secondary schools in the area. The Science Centre also offers advice to teachers. The After Dark, Space and Science Lectures are an addition to the programme and are tailored towards adults. As well as all of this Winchester Science Centre also runs Singles Events, the Science Centre also has an on-site cafe facility
16. World Museum – World Museum Liverpool and Liverpool Museum redirect here. For the similarly named museum, see Museum of Liverpool, World Museum is a large museum in Liverpool, England which has extensive collections covering archaeology, ethnology and the natural and physical sciences. Special attractions include the Natural History Centre and a planetarium, entry to the museum is free. The museum is part of National Museums Liverpool, the museum has recently undergone extensive refurbishment in order to double the size of the display spaces, making even more of the collections accessible for visitors. Major new galleries include World Cultures, the Bug House and the Weston Discovery Centre, a central entrance hall and six-storey atrium opened in 2005. The museum was started as the Derby Museum as it comprised the Earl of Derbys natural history collection. The museum opened originally in 1851, sharing two rooms on Duke Street with a library, however, the museum proved extremely popular and a new, purpose-built building was required. Around 400,000 people attended the opening of the new building in 1860, in the late 19th century, the museums collection was beginning to outgrow its building so a competition was launched to design a combined extension to the museum and college of technology. The competition was won by William Mountford and the College of Technology, Liverpool, being one of the UKs major ports, was heavily damaged by German bombing during the blitz. While much of the Museums collection was moved to less vulnerable locations during the war, parts of the museum only began to reopen fifteen years later. In the early first decade of the 21st century, the museum was again expanded, to better reflect its larger size, the museum was renamed World Museum Liverpool. The museum has been the site of three deaths since its 2005 reopening, on 15 May 2006, a 24-year-old man climbed over a balcony on the sixth floor and fell to his death. On 26 November 2006, a 17-year-old mother was stabbed to death by her 21-year-old former male partner, the coroner has since recorded verdicts of unlawful killing and suicide. The physical sciences collection of World Museum was built after the devastation caused by the fire of 1941. The collection has expanded, in part, due to transfers from the Decorative Arts Department, Regional History Department, Walker Art Gallery, as a consequence the collection is small but contains a number of significant items. The planetarium opened in 1970 and has 62 seats and it currently attracts about 90,000 people per year. Shows cover various aspects of science, including the Solar System. World Museum is home to a planetarium, the Egyptology collection contains approximately 15,000 objects from Egypt and Sudan and is the most important single component of the Antiquities departments collections
17. Yorkshire Planetarium – The Yorkshire Planetarium was a planetarium in the grounds of Harewood House, near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, from May 2007 until October 2009. The planetarium was funded until it was sold to Bradford College. The main attraction was the 12 metre diametre planetarium dome, there were guided tours of the sky by a live astronomer in the dark dome. Stars and planets were projected onto a negative pressure screen inside the dome by a Carl Zeiss ZKP4 star projector and this enabled visitors to gaze into the sky at the stars without the hindrance of light pollution and cloud cover while they lay on comfortable mats or deck chairs