Category:Populated places in the Ica Region
Pages in category "Populated places in the Ica Region"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Chincha Alta – Chincha Alta is a Peruvian city located in the Ica Region. It is the capital of Chincha Province, the City of Chincha Alta is located 200 kilometers south of Lima, in the Chincha Province of the Ica Region of Peru. The city covers an area of 2988 km² and has a population of 56,085, the first inhabitants of the area arrived at the beginning of the ninth century. These people are known as the Pre-Chincha, the historian Luis Cánepa Pachas puts the date of the arrival of the Pre-Chincha at sometime in the tenth century. The rudimentary Pre-Chincha culture was centered on fishing and shell gathering, the origin of the Pre-Chincha people is still uncertain. In the eleventh century, an advanced and warlike people known as the Chincha arrived in the coastal area. The Chincha had developed systems of architecture, agriculture and irrigation, the Chincha came to dominate the original inhabitants of the area. Some aspects of the original Pre-Chincha culture were absorbed by the newcomers, the word Chincha is derived from Chinchay or Chinchas or Cinca which mean jaguar in Chincha Quechua. The Chincha worshiped a god, and believed themselves to be descended from jaguars. The Chincha fertilized their fields with dead birds and guano, the Chincha learned seafaring skills from the Pre-Chincha, and may have traveled as far as Central America by boat. Between 1458 and 1460, the Chincha were conquered by the armies of the Inca Empire led by Tupac Inca Yupanqui during the reign of his father, Pachacuti. The Chincha area became an important part of the Inca Empire, the Chincha region was then conquered by the Spanish, and the people of the region began to mix with Africans brought by the Spanish. In the early 19th Century, Chincha was known to British mariners as Chinka, the Chincha Islands, which are off the coast of Peru near Chincha and Pisco, were the focal point of the Chincha Islands War between Peru and Spain between 1864 and 1866. The city, along with others near the Pacific coast, was damaged during the 2007 Peru earthquake, Afro-Peruvian culture has thrived in Chincha Alta, and the Afro-Peruvian residents of El Carmen district practice many traditional dances. The use of the Cajón drum, maracas and other traditional instruments figure prominently in Afro-Peruvian music, traditional dances are performed during the Christmas season. During February the Verano Negro festival is held, celebrating Afro-Peruvian food, music, culture, the cuisine of the Chincha Alta area is considered distinct from other parts of Peru, because of its African background. It has a chorus and three verses which commend and exalt the beauty of the Chincha region as well as the courage and heroism of its people
2. Ica, Peru – The city of Ica is the capital of the Ica Region in southern Peru. While the area was inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. As of 2005, it had an population of over 219,856. The city suffered damage and loss of life during the 2007 Peru earthquake. The city is located on the Ica River about 300 km to the south of Lima, further south along the Pan-American Highway lies the city of Nazca. In 2007, researchers found the remains of a prehistoric penguin, Icadyptes salasi. Scientists estimate it was about 4.5 or five feet tall, evidence of prehistoric indigenous civilizations has been found in the nearby deserts, such as that of Paracas. These included the Paracas and the Inca, the last of whom were a people who encountered the Spanish, numerous pre-Columbian archeological artifacts are displayed in the Museo Regional de Ica. The Spanish colonial city was founded on 17 June 1563 by Gerónimo Luis de Cabrera as Villa de Valverde and it was ruled by Spain under colonial rulers until Peru achieved independence. On 15 August 2007, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred off the coast of Peru, severely damaging buildings, houses, initially 17 people died and 70 were killed when a church collapsed. Pisco was even more damaged than Ica, with many people buried under buildings which had fallen. Ica can be reached from Lima by the Pan-American Highway, the distance is almost exactly 200 miles or 320 km. The trip takes about 4.5 hours by bus,4 hours on motorcycle and 4.1 hours on a car, Ica and surrounding areas are the traditional source of Pisco brandy. Ica is the site of the Museo Regional de Ica, a museum with exhibits ranging from prehistoric artifacts to the Spanish colonial era. On display are pre-Columbian funerary bundles and mummies, whose elongated skulls from the Paracas and pre-Inca cultures suggest ritual deformation, some skulls also bear evidence of trepanning, a kind of early brain surgery to relieve internal pressure or remove damaged skull matter suffered in battle. There are also furniture, paintings and artifacts from the Spanish colonial era, icas location in the desert provides unique opportunities for tourism, such as the nearby Huacachina oasis, located in the midst of sand dunes. It attracts international travelers, as well as seekers from Peru. Some young visitors try sandboarding, others travel the dunes in sand buggies, the many days of sunshine have made Ica the center of an important agricultural region
3. Nazca – Nazca is a city and system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru. It is also the name of the largest existing town in the Nazca Province, the name is derived from the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 100 BC and 800 AD. This culture was responsible for the Nazca Lines and the city of Cahuachi, they also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts, named Puquios. Nazca is the capital of the Nazca Province located in the Ica District of the Ica region of Peru. On November 12,1996, at 11,59 a. m. local time there was an earthquake of magnitude 7.5 with its epicenter at 7.7 km into the sea, the earthquake almost completely destroyed the city of Nasca and its surroundings. Due to its occurrence during the day, there were only 14 fatalities, however,1,500 people were injured and around 100,000 were left homeless. Within 12 years Nasca has been almost completely rebuilt, since 1997, Nazca has been the location of a major Canadian gold mining operation. The indigenous people at the time did not own the rights to their land, as a result, they were forcibly displaced. Since then, there have been attempts to legalize ancient ownership of land. Nazca is one of the most arid regions in the world with an annual precipitation of 4 millimeters. Nazcas weather is controlled by Humboldts Current, which water from Antarctica up the west coast of South America. This cold ocean water cools the air and limits the accumulation of moisture within clouds, as a result, though clouds and fog are able to form, nazcas temperatures range from 10 to 32 °C with an average daily high of 21 °C. Summer months from November to March are dry, sunny, there are two versions of the Spanish foundation. According to the writings of chroniclers, it was founded on October 28,1548, commissioned by Pedro de la Gasca, the other version states that it was founded by the Viceroy García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete, in 1591. These products were distributed throughout the viceroyalty of Peru and beyond. The largest of the Nazca vineyards were located in the rich Ingenio Valley, both of these estates had large enslaved populations of sub-Saharan African descent. In addition to producing wines and brandies, both estates had substantial infrastructure for producing the ceramic jars, known as botijas, in which the wine. Today, the towns of San Javier and San José are known for the ruins of the large 18th-century baroque churches built during the Jesuit administration of these estates
4. Pisco, Peru – Pisco is a city located in the Ica Region of Peru, the capital of the Pisco Province. The city is around 9 metres above sea level, Pisco was founded in 1640, close to the indigenous emplacement of the same name. Pisco originally prospered because of its vineyards and became noted for its grape brandy or pisco which used to be exported from its port. Pisco has an population of 133,926. Pisco is a Quechua word that means bird, the area is often visited because of the concentration of marine animals and birds at the Paracas National Reserve, or the Peruvian Galápagos. At the reserve there are the Islas Ballestas, a collection of islands which are off limits to people, the Chincha Islands are also near its coast. Many bird species can be seen in the islands including pelicans, penguins, cormorants, Peruvian boobies, and Inca terns, as well as sea lions, turtles, dolphins, and whales. Another attraction in the area is El Candelabro, a giant lamp dug in the sand in the method used by the creators of the Nazca Lines. In the area where Pisco sits flourished one of the ancient civilizations in Peru. Due to its ease of access, and its crossroads to the Andes the Spaniards may have considered making Pisco the capital, in the city is the Plaza de Armas, where people buy tejas, small sweets made from pecans and assorted dried fruits. Many different building that surround the Plaza are the statue of José de San Martín, the mansion he lived in, other building in the city is the heavily baroque Iglesia de la Compañía, begun in 1689, features a superb carved pulpit and gold-leaf altarpiece. Near the town, just off the road to Ayacucho, lies the large, the city of Pisco experiences hot arid climate, with warm temperatures and extremely low rainfall prevailing all year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Pisco has a desert climate. The average maximum temperature in the city is 23.7 °C, the average minimum temperature in the city is 15.8 °C, fluctuating from 19.5 °C to 12.9 °C in the months of February and August respectively. Rainfall is incredulously low, the annual rainfall total amounts to a mere 1.5 mm. Pisco is served by the Capitán FAP Renán Elías Olivera Airport. This international airport shares facilities with the Peruvian Air Force and is designated as a back-up airport to the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima. The city was very near the epicenter of the devastating 8. 0-magnitude earthquake which struck south central Peru on Wednesday August 15,2007, the resulting dead account for a reported 30 percent of the total fatalities caused by the earthquake. Several hundred more were killed throughout the city Several years on the city is recovering from the damage done during the earthquake
5. Huacachina – Huacachina is a village in southwestern Peru, built around a small oasis surrounded by sand dunes. It is in the Ica Province, about five kilometers from the city of Ica in the Ica District, the oasis features on the back of the 50 Nuevo Sol note. Huacachina has a permanent population of around 100 although it hosts tens of thousands of tourists each year. Huacachina is built around a natural lake in the desert. Other popular activities include dune buggy rides on buggies known locally as areneros, legend holds that the lagoon was created when a beautiful native princess removed her clothes to bathe, but looking into a mirror, she saw a male hunter approaching her from behind. Startled at the intrusion, she fled the area leaving behind her mirror which turned into a lake, other versions hold that she fled, leaving the pool of water she had been bathing in to become the lagoon. The folds of her mantle, streaming behind her as she ran, and the woman herself is rumored to still live in the oasis as a mermaid. Water stopped seeping into the lake in the 1980s and this has now started to become a threat to the lagoon, recently, private landowners near the oasis have installed wells, which has reduced the level of water in the oasis. The governor of the region was highly appreciative of the effort and it was announced in 2016 that the Peruvian scientist Marino Morikawa, who created a nanobubble system to decontaminate lake El Cascajo, will be given the project of restoring the Huacachina lagoon. Huacachina travel guide from Wikivoyage Gigapixel Image of Huacachina
6. El Carmen (San Juan Bautista) – 13°58′14. 2825″S 75°43′44. 91″W El Carmen is an agricultural village in the district of San Juan Bautista which is in the Province of Ica, in the Region of Ica, in south Peru. El Carmen is approximately 8 kilometers north of the town of San Juan Bautista. The population of El Carmen was about 2,000 in 2010 and it has another population center called Invacion directly next door, which add another 1,000 people to the immediate village area size. San Juan Bautista town, south of El Carmen, is where the Tacama Winery is located, El Carmen is a residential area for many of the farm workers for Tacama and other surrounding vineyards and farms. El Carmen was badly damaged by the 2007 Earthquake in Peru, the main school in town is Instituto Estatal 22340. The main church in the square is Yglesia del Carmen, built in 1779. It has not been demolished yet due to its history and desire to restore it, El Carmen is also where the Latin American Missionary Association has built a missionary. The efforts for this missionary, to help this and surrounding villages on a level, were started as a direct result of the earthquake to this village. Tacama Winery LAMA Ministry Iglesia Del Carmen Peru Population maps
7. Paracas (municipality) – Paracas is the capital of the Paracas District in the Ica Region in Peru. A small port town catering to tourism, Paracas serves as the point for tours to Islas Ballestas. Tello, also found just near the western edge of Paracas Bay, provides excellent information about Paracas culture and the many unique species, in particular. Paracas lies in a very windy area whose very strong air currents carry sand from which Paracas takes its name, on September 7,1820, General José de San Martín landed at Paracas with six ships of his Peruvian Freedom Expedition from Chile. Paracas has become one of the beach resorts of Peru and has received much hotel investment. With the hotel boom of 2009, Paracas Bay added three 4 and 5 star hotels and two 3 star hotels