Category:Populated places on Lake Geneva
Pages in category "Populated places on Lake Geneva"
The following 54 pages are in this category, out of 54 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 54 pages are in this category, out of 54 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Collonge-Bellerive – Collonge-Bellerive is a municipality of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Collonge-Bellerive is first mentioned in 1153 as Collonges, in 1275 it was mentioned as Sancto Mauricio. Until 1799 it was known as Collonge sur Bellerive and it became part of the Canton of Geneva in 1816. Collonge-Bellerive has an area, as of 2009, of 6.12 square kilometers, of this area,2.27 km2 or 37. 1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.25 km2 or 4. 1% is forested. Of the rest of the land,3.58 km2 or 58. 5% is settled,0.01 km2 or 0. 2% is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2 or 0. 3% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1. 3% of the area while housing and buildings made up 45. 9%. While parks, green belts and sports made up 2. 8%. Out of the land,2. 5% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1. 6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,21. 4% is used for growing crops and 2. 0% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is in lakes. It is situated on the bank of Lake Geneva. Collonge-Bellerive has a population of 7,998, as of 2008,28. 8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 23. 9% and it has changed at a rate of 19% due to migration and at a rate of 4. 4% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with English being second most common, There are 2 people who speak Romansh. As of 2008, the distribution of the population was 47. 7% male and 52. 3% female. The population was made up of 2,517 Swiss men and 1,115 non-Swiss men, There were 2,876 Swiss women and 1,109 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 1,031 or about 16. 3% were born in Collonge-Bellerive and lived there in 2000. There were 1,844 or 29. 1% who were born in the canton, while 908 or 14. 3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. In 2008 there were 40 live births to Swiss citizens and 29 births to non-Swiss citizens, ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 10 while the foreign population increased by 17
2. Cologny – Cologny is a municipality in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Cologny is first mentioned in 1208 as Colognier, the oldest trace of a settlement in the area is a Neolithic lake side village which was discovered near the village of La Belotte. The Lake Geneva area was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century and they built a road from Corsier through the Cologny area to Frontenex during their 2 centuries of residency. During the Middle Ages it was part of the lands of the Counts of Geneva, the village church of Saint Peter was placed under the parish of Vandœuvres in 1406, indicating that it was probably built before the 15th century. In 1536 Cologny, joined the new faith of the Protestant Reformation as nearby Geneva became a center of reform, two years later, in May 1538 a treaty between Bern and Geneva placed Cologny in the city of Geneva. The town council of Cologny met for the first time on 9 December 1800, in the late 16th century and into the 17th century a number of Geneva publishers moved to or set up offices in Cologny. By claiming Cologny or Colonia Allobrogum as the location, they were able to circumvent French laws which banned books from Geneva. Beginning in the 18th century elegant chalets sprung up along the shores of Lake Geneva in Cologny, one of the most famous in Villa Diodati in which Lord Byron, John Polidori, Mary Shelley and Percy Bysshe Shelley spent part of the Year Without a Summer in 1816. Due to the weather, the guests spent days indoors telling each other horror stories. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and John Polidori’s The Vampyre, the first modern vampire story, the mathematicien Louis Necker, elder brother of the Statesman Jacques Necker, died in Cologny. In the 20th century, many individuals and organizations have moved to Cologny. Traditionally the municipality consisted of villages with many farms. However, by 1965 there were only eight working farms and by 1975 that number had decreased to two, today it is one of the richest municipalities in the Canton of Geneva. Cologny has an area, as of 2009, of 3.67 square kilometers, of this area,0.65 km2 or 17. 7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.15 km2 or 4. 1% is forested. Of the rest of the land,2.88 km2 or 78. 5% is settled,0.01 km2 or 0. 3% is either rivers or lakes. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 60. 5%, power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1. 1% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 4. 4%. Out of the land,2. 2% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1. 9% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,8. 7% is used for growing crops and 5. 4% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is in lakes
3. Coppet – Coppet is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. Coppet is first mentioned in 1294 as Copetum, in 1347 it was mentioned as Copet. Coppet has an area, of 1.9 square kilometers, of this area,0.63 km2 or 33. 7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.06 km2 or 3. 2% is forested. Of the rest of the land,1.17 km2 or 62. 6% is settled,0.01 km2 or 0. 5% is either rivers or lakes. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 45. 5%, power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 3. 7% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 4. 3%. Out of the land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land,22. 5% is used for growing crops and 5. 9% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is in lakes. The municipality was part of the old Nyon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, the municipality is located along the banks of Lake Geneva on the Lausanne-Geneva road, the Route Suisse. The blazon of the coat of arms is Azure, a Chalice Argent. Coppet has a population of 3,137, as of 2008,41. 1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 29. 9% and it has changed at a rate of 24% due to migration and at a rate of 7. 1% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with English being second most common, There are 45 people who speak Italian and 2 people who speak Romansh. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Coppet is,348 children or 12. 4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 379 teenagers or 13. 5% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population,266 people or 9. 5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 329 people or 11. 7% are between 30 and 39,499 people or 17. 8% are between 40 and 49, and 393 people or 14. 0% are between 50 and 59. As of 2000, there were 970 people who were single, There were 1,186 married individuals,89 widows or widowers and 115 individuals who are divorced. As of 2000, there were 884 private households in the municipality, There were 249 households that consist of only one person and 70 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 900 households that answered this question,27. 7% were households made up of just one person and there were 5 adults who lived with their parents
4. Cully, Switzerland – Cully is a former municipality in the Swiss canton of Vaud, it was the capital of the district of Lavaux until 2006 when it became part of the district of Lavaux-Oron. The municipalities of Cully, Epesses, Grandvaux, Riex and Villette merged on 1 July 2011 into the new municipality of Bourg-en-Lavaux, the earliest traces of human activity in Cully comes from the Neolithic, when Lake Geneva was near the modern port of Moratel. During the Roman Empire, the route from Lausanne to Great Saint Bernard ran through the area, from this time, some walls and coins have been found preserved. The first written mention of the place took place in 967 under the name Cusliacum, later appeared the names Cusliaco, Custiacum, Cullie, Cully and Culyer. The origin of the name is not clearly understood and it is possibly derived from the Roman family name Coclius. The first document involving Cully, saw it given to the King of Besançon, in the 14th Century the inhabitants the acquired the right to hold a weekly market and fortify the village. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Cully came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Lausanne, after the collapse of the Ancien régime, the village belonged from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic to the Canton of Léman. In 1798 Cully Lavaux became the capital of the district, as it was in the part of the district. It was not until 1824, that Cully attained the status of an independent political community, a project to merge the independent municipalities Cully, Epesses, Riex, Grandvaux, and Villette failed in a vote on 27 February 2005 due to the resistance of the population of Grandvaux. The project is not being pursued. Cully lies at an altitude of 387 m,8 km east-southeast of the canton capital Lausanne as the crow flies. The village is located in the Lavaux, on a slightly projecting outcrop into the Lake Geneva headland, Cully has an area, as of 2009, of 2.38 square kilometers. Of this area,1.52 km2 or 63. 9% is used for agricultural purposes, of the rest of the land,0.64 km2 or 26. 9% is settled,0.01 km2 or 0. 4% is either rivers or lakes. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 13. 9%, while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 2. 1%. Out of the land,7. 1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2. 1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,11. 8% is used for growing crops and 16. 4% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality was part of the Lavaux District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, the municipal area covers a section of the Lavaux at the northeastern shore of Lake Geneva. In the northeast, the area extends to theMont de Gourze, in the area of Cully is the watershed between the catchments of the Rhine and Rhône only just 2 miles north of the shore of Lake Geneva
5. Geneva – Geneva is the second most populous city in Switzerland and is the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic, the municipality has a population of 198,072, and the canton has 484,736 residents. In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France, within Swiss territory, the commuter area named Métropole lémanique contains a population of 1.25 million. This area is essentially spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, Geneva is the city that hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world. It is also the place where the Geneva Conventions were signed, Geneva was ranked as the worlds ninth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, ahead of Frankfurt, and third in Europe behind London and Zürich. A2009 survey by Mercer found that Geneva has the third-highest quality of life of any city in the world, the city has been referred to as the worlds most compact metropolis and the Peace Capital. In 2009 and 2011, Geneva was ranked as, respectively, the city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava, probably from a Celtic toponym *genawa- from the stem *genu-, in the sense of a bending river or estuary. The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis, the name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva /dʒᵻˈniːvə/ in English, French, Genève, German, Genf, Italian, Ginevra, and Romansh, Genevra. The city in origin shares its name, *genawa estuary, with the Italian port city of Genoa, Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC. It became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, and acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the bishopric of Vienne in the 4th. In the Middle Ages, Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, around this time the House of Savoy came to dominate the city. In the 15th century, a republican government emerged with the creation of the Grand Council. In 1541, with Protestantism in the ascendancy, John Calvin, by the 18th century, however, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own. France also tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, in 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814, in 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of international organizations. Geneva is located at 46°12 North, 6°09 East, at the end of Lake Geneva. It is surrounded by two chains, the Alps and the Jura
6. Hermance – Hermance is a municipality of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Hermance is first mentioned in 1247 as intra Armentia, in 1271 it was mentioned as Eremencia. Hermance has an area, as of 2009, of 1.44 square kilometers, of this area,0.83 km2 or 57. 6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.19 km2 or 13. 2% is forested. Of the rest of the land,0.42 km2 or 29. 2% is settled,0.02 km2 or 1. 4% is either rivers or lakes. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 22. 2%, power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1. 4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1. 4%. Out of the land,10. 4% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2. 8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,36. 8% is used for growing crops and 5. 6% is pastures, of the water in the municipality,0. 7% is in lakes and 0. 7% is in rivers and streams. The municipality is located on the bank of Lake Geneva. The municipality of Hermance consists of the sub-sections or villages of Hermance - Rives-du-Lac, Le Bourg, Hermance has a population of 1,016. As of 2008,28. 4% of the population are resident foreign nationals, over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 16. 5%. It has changed at a rate of 20% due to migration, most of the population speaks French, with English being second most common and German being third. There are 14 people who speak Italian and 1 person who speaks Romansh, as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49. 8% male and 50. 2% female. The population was made up of 321 Swiss men and 149 non-Swiss men, There were 334 Swiss women and 140 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 178 or about 21. 8% were born in Hermance and lived there in 2000. There were 234 or 28. 7% who were born in the canton, while 124 or 15. 2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. In 2008 there was 1 live birth to Swiss citizens and 3 births to non-Swiss citizens, ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 11 while the foreign population increased by 1. There was 1 Swiss woman who immigrated back to Switzerland, at the same time, there was 1 non-Swiss man and 3 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 was a decrease of 6 and this represents a population growth rate of 1. 2%
7. Lausanne – Lausanne is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud. The city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva and it faces the French town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura Mountains to its north-west. Lausanne is located 62 kilometres northeast of Geneva, Lausanne has a population of 146,372, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 420,000 inhabitants. The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000, Lausanne is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee, the Court of Arbitration for Sport and some 55 international sport associations. It lies in a noted wine-growing region, the city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system. Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics, by the 2nd century AD it was known as vikanor Lousonnensium and in 280 as lacu Lausonio. By 400 it was civitas Lausanna and in 990 it was mentioned as Losanna, after the fall of the Roman Empire, insecurity forced the transfer of Lausanne to its current centre, a hilly site that is easier to defend. The city which emerged from the camp was ruled by the Dukes of Savoy, then it came under Bern from 1536 to 1798 and a number of its cultural treasures, including the hanging tapestries in the Cathedral, were permanently removed. Lausanne has made a number of requests to recover them, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, Lausanne became a place of refuge for French Huguenots. In 1729 a seminary was opened by Antoine Court and Benjamin Duplan, by 1750 ninety pastors had been sent back to France to work clandestinely, this number would rise to four hundred. Official persecution ended in 1787, a faculty of Protestant theology was established at Montauban in 1808, during the Napoleonic Wars, the citys status changed. In 1803, it became the capital of a newly formed Swiss canton, in 1964 the city hosted the Swiss National Exhibition, displaying its newly found confidence to host major international events. From the 1950s to 1970s a large number of Italians, Spaniards and Portuguese immigrated, settling mostly in the district of Renens. The city has served as a refuge for European artists, while under the care of a psychiatrist at Lausanne, T. S. Eliot composed most of his 1922 poem The Wasteland. Hemingway also visited from Paris with his wife during the 1920s, in fact, many creative people - such as Edward Gibbon, an historian, and Romantic era poets Shelley and Byron - have sojourned, lived, and worked in Lausanne or nearby. The city has been quiet, but in the late 1960s. Later demonstrations took place to protest against the high cinema prices, the most important geographical feature of the area surrounding Lausanne is Lake Geneva. Lausanne boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and the Alps, in addition to its generally southward-sloping layout, the centre of the city is the site of an ancient river, the Flon, which has been covered since the 19th century
8. Lutry – Lutry is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located in the Lavaux-Oron. Lutry is first mentioned in 908 as in Lustraco villam, in 1124 it was mentioned as monasterium Sancti Martini cum villa quae dicitur Lustriacus and in 1147 it was Lustriey. In 1835 and again in 1894, neolithic graves were discovered in Châtelard, the graves contained a total of some thirty stone box graves of the so-called Chamblandes type. They contained three ax blades of worked flint, as well as parts of a shell necklace, in 1895, several graves of the same type were discovered in Montagny. They contained important new items such as antler shafts made for axes, while these type of items were often found in the remains of littoral neolithic settlements, they are rarely found in graves, which made the discovery at Montagny especially significant. However, in 1927, archaeologists incorrectly assumed that these findings were assigned to the tombs in error, without further evidence, they wrote that there was an undiscovered littoral settlement below Montagny. In August 1984, during the construction of the car park in La Possession. 18 of the stones were re-erected next to it in the original formation, the thirteen large standing stones were arranged in a line, while the eleven subsequent smaller stones described a curve to the south. The standing stones are assigned to the beginning of the middle neolithic period. However local pottery indicates a date, to the late Neolithic or early Bronze Age. Menhir No.14 is a stele, in which geometric ornamentation were carved. Similar symbols can also be found on standing stones in southern France, at various places in the municipality, including Curtinaux, Le Châtelard, Savuit and Gantennaz, there are traces of Roman era settlements. These include bricks, walls, parts of buildings and ornaments, Lutry was a royal estate of the Burgundian House of Welf. A fortified tower was built in the 11th century in Crêt-Bernard to help govern the estate, after the death of Rudolph III the estate passed to Conrad of Swabia and became an imperial estate. In 1079, Emperor Henry IV donated the estate to the Bishop of Lausanne, the Bishop held the estate until 1536. By 1263, the Abbey of Saint-Maurice possessed some land in Lutry, between 1025 and 1124, due to the donation of a man named Anselme, a Benedictine priory was founded on the alluvial delta of the Lutrive river. The priory was under the abbey of Savigny-en-Lyonnais, the priory was the recipient of numerous gifts and church records from the dioceses of Lausanne, Sion and Geneva. Initially it held about fifteen monks, but it expanded and had authority over the villages of Lutry, Villette
9. Mies – Mies is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It is approximately halfway between Geneva and Nyon, Mies sits on Lake Geneva, which lies to the southeast and is 410m above sea-level. The highest point of Mies is 455m above sea level, the part of Mies touching the lake measures 1.63 km. To the southwest lies Versoix, in the Canton of Geneva and to the northwest Chavannes-de-Bogis, to the north and west lie the Communes of Tannay, Bogis-Bossey, and Coppet. Mies is separated from the commune of Tannay by a small ravine containing a stream called le nant du Torry. Mies is one of the communes of the Canton de Vaud which are known as the Terre-Sainte. It is thought that the name Mies comes from its location of half way between Geneva and Nyon, or maybe because it is halfway between Versoix and Coppet. Remains of settlements have found all the way back to the Bronze Age. Later on, additional ways of writing the village appeared, Miez, Mier, Myez, Myer, Myes, with the conquest of the Canton de Vaud by Bern in the year 1536, the village came under the administration of the district of Nyon. Mies thus became Switzerlands border village - with France - from 1536 until the creation of the Canton of Geneva in 1815, the village of Mies is served by a number of small businesses. Amongst these can be found a general store/grocer, the post office, hairdresser, video store, pharmacy, tea-room, restaurants, doctor and dentist, hotel, bank, etc. The mayors office is located in the centre, in a fine old building which was the village school for many years. Nowadays, the go to a new school called Le Sorbier. The nearest full size shopping facilities can be found at the village of Chavannes de Bogis, about 10 minutes drive away. The playing fields of Mies include a full football field, basketball pitch, boules, running track, tennis courts. The clubhouse has showers and toilets, as well as a snack bar, There is a polo field, Polo de Veytay, where several polo matches are played every year, such as the Geneva Polo Masters. This is part of the agricultural and forest area known as Domaine de Veytay, in the North-West of the commune. Photos Right on the border of the commune, but on the Versoix side is the Versoix Sports Centre, Mies has a public beach on Lake Geneva
10. Montreux – Montreux is a municipality in the district of Riviera-Pays-dEnhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It is located on Lake Geneva shoreline at the foot of the Alps and has a population, as of December 2015, of 26,433, the earliest settlement was a Late Bronze Age village at Baugy. This made it an important settlement in the Roman era, a Roman villa from the 2nd-4th centuries and a 6th–7th century cemetery have been discovered. In the 12th century, viticulture was introduced to the region, Montreux is first mentioned in 1215 as Mustruel. In 1295, the Bishop of Sion sold the parish of Montreux to Girard of Oron, in 1317, it was split between the Lords of Oron and the Counts of Savoy. A Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit administered estates and a hospital in Montreux starting in about 1309, the region was subject to various princes, most notably the princes of Savoy from the south side of the lake. They unified the territory comprises the present canton of Vaud and were generally popular sovereigns. After the Burgundian Wars in the 15th century, the Swiss in Bern occupied the region without resistance, under Bernese rule it belonged to the bailiwick of Chillon. The Reformation made the region around Montreux and Vevey an attractive haven for Huguenots from Italy, the abbey of Les Echarpes blanches was founded in 1626. In 1798, Napoleon liberated the region from the Bernese, in the 19th century, the tourist industry became a major commercial outlet, with the grand hotels of Montreux attracting the rich and cultured from Europe and America. Starting in the 19th Century there were three independent municipalities that shared a central authority and this county council was made up of four deputies from Le Châtelard, two from Les Planches and one from Veytaux. The church, the hall of La Rouvenaz, the secondary school. Each municipality had its own taxes and a mayor, in 1962, the municipalities of Le Châtelard and Les Planches merged, while Veytaux remained independent. Montreux has an area, as of 2009, of 33.4 square kilometers, of this area,8.47 km2 or 25. 4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 16.93 km2 or 50. 7% is forested. Of the rest of the land,6.37 km2 or 19. 1% is settled,0.08 km2 or 0. 2% is either rivers or lakes and 1.59 km2 or 4. 8% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 10. 9%, out of the forested land,47. 0% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3. 1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,0. 4% is used for growing crops and 8. 8% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality was part of the Vevey District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, the municipality stretches from Lake Geneva to the foothills of the Swiss Alps
11. Morges – Morges is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located in the district of Morges and is also the seat of the district. Morges is first mentioned in 1288 as Morgia and it was known by its German name Morsee though that name is no longer used. There were several settlements along what is now the Morges lakefront. The largest and best known, Grande-Cité, was occupied in the late Bronze Age, one of the wooden objects at Grande-Cité has been dendrochronologically dated to 1031 BC. Many of the stilts and building structures have been preserved in situ, a dugout of oak was discovered near the settlement and in 1877 half of it was recovered and placed in the Musée dhistoire et dart in Geneva. About a hundred meters north is the village of Vers-lEglise. The first settlement here dates back to the Neolithic, based on a layer of ceramic objects that date from between 2900 BC and 2700 BC and it remained occupied through the Late Bronze Age. North-east of Grande-Cité is the lake settlement, Les Roseaux. It is a site for artifacts including numerous edge strips for bronze axes. The arrangement of the show the organization of the huts. Dendrochronological investigations of the stilts have determined that many of the houses were built between 1776 and 1600 BC, on top of the older settlement, a smaller Late Bronze Age settlement, dendrochronologically dated to 1055 BC, has been discovered. The Bronze Age settlements were abandoned and the region was inhabited until the Gallo-Roman era when a villa. In 1286, Louis of Savoy, founded a city in a pasture where a gallows has previously stood, a castle was built to protect the city. A town charter was granted in 1293, the new city grew at the expense of the county of Vufflens, the diocese of Lausanne and Romainmôtier Abbey, all of which lost property and rights to the new city. It quickly developed into an administrative and market center as well as a hub for transporting goods by land, during the Middle Ages, Morges was a seasonal residence of the court of Savoy and the seat of a bailiff. The city was ruled as a fief, and the residents were taxed according to their frontage or the width of their property along the street. The city was laid out like many neighboring Zähringer towns, There were two 13–18 m wide longitudinal streets that could be used for markets and fairs. A third, parallel road was added due to the expansion of Morges