Category:Populated places on the Mohawk River
Pages in category "Populated places on the Mohawk River"
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 46 pages are in this category, out of 46 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Amsterdam (city), New York – Amsterdam is a city in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 18,620, the name is derived from the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, the city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River, with the majority located on the north bank. The Port Jackson area on the side is also part of the city. The city is within the original, now town of Caughnawaga. The first Europeans to settle here were Dutch immigrants about 1710 and they called the community Veeders Mills and Veedersburgh after Albert Veeder, an early mill owner. After the American Revolutionary War, many came from New England. Anglo-American residents changed the name to Amsterdam in 1803, in 1773, Guy Johnson built Guy Park, a stone Georgian mansion. A Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution, the mansion has been preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was incorporated as a village on April 20,1830 from a section of the Town of Amsterdam, New charters in 1854,1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village. In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which increased in size by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson on the south side of the Mohawk River. The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was a boom to the city. It was known for its carpets, in 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was a destination for immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, Amsterdam experienced serious flooding damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in late August 2011. This flooding threatened properties at the edge due to erosion. Chalmers Knitting Mills was added in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles, of which,5.9 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. The total area is 5. 41% water, the city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk from the north at Amsterdam, New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway
2. Cohoes, New York – Cohoes, New York is an incorporated city located at the northeast corner of Albany County in the U. S. state of New York. It is called the Spindle City because of the importance of manufacturing to its growth in the 19th century. The citys factories processed cotton from the Deep South, produced on plantations in the slave states, as of the 2010 census, the city population was 16,168. Later historians posited that the name is derived from the Algonquian Cohos, in the early years of Dutch colonial settlement, the majority of the citys territory was once part of the area of Manor of Rensselaerswyck, a feudal-style manor or patroonship. The land north of a crossing the Cohoes Falls was outside the Manor and was owned by the Van Olohde family between 1725 and 1750. Rensselaerswyck was established by Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the patroon and a Dutch merchant, starting in the 1690s the Patroon began to issue leases for the area of Cohoes, reserving for himself a strip below the Cohoes Falls for the future site of mills powered by water. Though the area was not much settled for a time, it was known for the Cohoes Falls, one of the earliest descriptions of the falls was in 1642 by Johannes Megapolensis, the first dominie of Beverwyck. Another early description was in 1656 by Adriaen van der Donck in his Description of New Netherland, in the early-to-mid 17th century, a whale swam upriver in the Hudson, becoming stranded in the Mohawk River on an island just below the Cohoes Falls. The Dutch settlers could not easily get to the carcass to remove it. As it rotted, the river became slick for three weeks, a settler commented that the air was infected with its stench. Perceptible for two miles to leeward, beginning about 1646, settlers called this land Whale Island. These islands allowed for fords across the various mouths of the Mohawk and access to Waterford. The islands were used for military encampments during both the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolutionary War. Van Schaick Island was the first part of Cohoes to be settled and farmed, it was known as Cohoes Island. Until after the Revolutionary War, Cohoes was a quiet hamlet with isolated farms. After the Mohawk and other Iroquois allies of the British were forced to cede their territory, thousands of Yankee settlers came from New England. Cohoes was linked to the settlements of Lansingburg and Albany. In 1795 the first bridge across the Mohawk River was constructed at Cohoes and it was 900 feet long,24 feet wide,15 feet high, and was based on 13 stone piers
3. Fultonville, New York – Fultonville is a village in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 784 at the 2010 census, the village is named after Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. The Village of Fultonville is on the bank of the Mohawk River in the Town of Glen. It is west of Amsterdam, NY, the first settlement on the site was made around 1750, and was called Van Epps Swamp due to the swampland by the river. Homes located here were burned during the American Revolution, the village was founded around 1824 in anticipation of the opening of the Erie Canal. Donaldson is also a member of NAMBLA and supported the proposed highway that would cut truck traffic through Fonda. Donaldson was quoted in the February 21st 2016 edition of the Recorder as saying If you are going through hell, keep going in response to Fonda and the heated rivalry between the two villages. 2016 US presidential Election Results Clinton-14427. 61% Trump-35266. 88% Johnson-183. 42% Stein-112. 09% At the time of incorporation, in 1875 the population had increased to 1220. Starting in 1991 and commencing operations in 1993, The Poplar Hotel/Restaurant offered a two and an hour boat trip down the Mohawk River on a 102-passenger boat from mid-May through mid-October. Current efforts are underway to revive the Poplar Mist, by the current property owners BTA, Cobblestone Hall and Free Library was built sometime before 1868 when it was the house of C. B. Freeman. Freeman was proprietor of Fultonville Steam Mills and he lived at this residence until at least 1878 when F. W. Beers published a history of Montgomery and Fulton Counties. By 1905, a wooden addition had been made to the rear of the building and was then called Cobblestone Free Hall. The building still stands, minus the addition, and is a private residence, Fultonville is located at 42°56′48″N 74°22′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has an area of 0.5 square miles. The village is on the bank of the Mohawk River with the Village of Fonda on the opposite shore. The Mohawk River is part of the Erie Canal at this location, the New York State Thruway passes through the community. New York State Route 5S, parallels the Thruway and intersects New York State Route 30A in Fultonville, as of the census of 2000, there were 710 people,279 households, and 191 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,590.0 people per square mile, there were 309 housing units at an average density of 642.8 per square mile
4. Herkimer (village), New York – Herkimer is a village on the north side of the Mohawk River and the county seat of Herkimer County, New York, United States, about 13 miles southeast of Utica. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 7,743 and this was part of the Burnetsfield Patent and the first European-American settlement this far west in the Mohawk Valley. The village takes its name from the Herkimer family, Palatine German immigrants who settled in the area in 1723. The most notable member was Nicholas Herkimer, a general of the Tryon County militia. The village is located within the Town of Herkimer and Herkimer County, the citizens of the Village are served by three levels of government of the same name, the Village, the Town and the County of Herkimer. Herkimer County Community College, located in the northwest part of the village, was founded in 1966 by the Herkimer County Board of Supervisors, the region had been part of the territory of the Iroquois Mohawk Native American tribe for centuries. Their villages were linked by winding paths through the wilderness and along the Mohawk River, the English built Fort Hunter near the Lower Mohawk Castle. Palatine Germans first arrived in New York State in August 1708, refugees from religious wars in Europe, they had agreed to exchange work for passage to the New York Colony. This was arranged by Queen Annes government, and in 1710 nearly 2800 Germans arrived in ten ships at present-day Manhattan and they were at first quarantined on Nutten Island until the ship fevers ran their course. In exchange, they worked for some time in camps along the Hudson River to manufacture British naval supplies, as early as 1712, some went on upriver to settle along Schoharie Creek in the Mohawk Valley. After a survey of the land was completed in 1723, many settlers arrived in the area between 1723 and 1725. They settled on both the north and south sides of the Mohawk River, the area was originally known as Burnetsfield, named in honor of the Governor. The Burnetsfield Patent, granted April 13,1725, assigned 100-acre lots to about ninety heads of family. The area was referred to at times as Stone Ridge, The Flats, The Falls, and most commonly, due to the mostly German immigrant population. This was the first European-American settlement this far west in the Mohawk Valley, shortly after 1722, a blockhouse and a church were erected in the village on the north side of the river. This site was developed as the present Reformed Church. The first known minister was the Reverend George Michael Weiss, who served from 1735 to 1742, a schoolhouse was erected in 1745. Weiss was followed in 1751 by the Elder Rosencrantz, who was succeeded by his son, the Reverend Abraham Rosencrantz, captain Nicholas Herkimer held the command of the Fort, assembling all of the settlers he could within the fort
5. Schenectady, New York – Schenectady /skᵻˈnɛktədi/ is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 66,135, the name Schenectady is derived from a Mohawk word skahnéhtati meaning beyond the pines. The city was founded on the side of the Mohawk River by Dutch colonists in the 17th century. They were prohibited from the fur trade by the Albany monopoly, residents of the new village developed farms on strip plots along the river. Connected to the west via the Mohawk River and Erie Canal, by 1824 more people worked in manufacturing than agriculture or trade, and the city had a cotton mill, processing cotton from the Deep South. Numerous mills in New York had such ties with the South, the city was part of emerging technologies, with GE collaborating in the production of nuclear-powered submarines and, in the 21st century, working on other forms of renewable energy. The city is in eastern New York, near the confluence of the Mohawk and it is in the same metropolitan area as the state capital, Albany, which is about 19 miles southeast. In December 2014, the announced that the city was one of three sites selected for development of off-reservation casino gambling, under terms of a 2013 state constitutional amendment. The project would redevelop an ALCO brownfield site in the city along the waterfront, with hotels, housing, when first encountered by Europeans, the Mohawk Valley was the territory of the Mohawk nation, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee. They had occupied territory in the region since at least 1100 AD, in the 1640s, the Mohawk had three major villages, all on the south side of the Mohawk River. The easternmost one was Ossernenon, located about 9 miles west of present-day Auriesville, about 3200 acres of this unique ecosystem are now protected as the Albany Pine Bush. Eventually, this word entered the lexicon of the Dutch settlers, the settlers in Fort Orange used skahnéhtati to refer to the new village at the Mohawk flats, which became known as Schenectady. In 1661 Arent van Curler, a Dutch immigrant bought a big piece of land on the side of the Mohawk River. Other colonists were given grants of land by the government in this portion of the flat fertile river valley. The settlers recognized that these bottomlands had been cultivated for maize by the Mohawk for centuries, Van Curler took the largest piece of land, the remainder was divided into 50-acre plots for the other first fourteen proprietors. As most early colonists were from the Fort Orange area, they may have anticipated working as fur traders, the settlers here turned to farming. Their 50-acre lots were unique for the colony, laid out in strips along the Mohawk River, with the narrow edges fronting the river and they relied on rearing livestock and wheat. From the early days of interaction, early Dutch traders in the valley had unions with Mohawk women and their children were raised within the Mohawk community, which had a matrilineal kinship system, considering children born into the mothers clan
6. Utica, New York – Utica is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States. The tenth-most-populous city in New York, its population was 62,235 in the 2010 U. S. census, located on the Mohawk River at the foot of the Adirondack Mountains, Utica is approximately 90 miles northwest of Albany and 45 miles east of Syracuse. Formerly a river settlement inhabited by the Mohawk tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy, Utica attracted European-American settlers from New England during and after the American Revolution. In the 19th century, immigrants strengthened its position as a city between Albany and Syracuse on the Erie and Chenango Canals and the New York Central Railroad. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the citys infrastructure contributed to its success as a manufacturing center, Uticas 20th-century political corruption and organized crime gave it the nicknames Sin City, and later, the city that God forgot. Like other Rust Belt cities, Utica had a downturn beginning in the mid-20th century. Several theories exist about the history of the name Utica, prior to construction of the fort, the Mohawk, Onondaga and Oneida tribes had occupied this area south of the Great Lakes region as early as 4000 BC. The Mohawk were the largest and most powerful tribe in the part of the Mohawk Valley. Colonists had a fur trade with them, in exchange for firearms. The land housing Old Fort Schuyler was part of a 20, since the fort was located near several trails, its position—on a bend at a shallow portion of the Mohawk River—made it an important fording point. The Mohawk called the bend Unundadages, and the Mohawk word appears on the citys seal, during the American Revolution, border raids from British-allied Iroquois tribes harried the settlers on the frontier. George Washington ordered Sullivans Expedition, Rangers, to enter Central New York, more than 40 Iroquois villages were destroyed and their winter stores, causing starvation. In the aftermath of the war, numerous European-American settlers migrated into the state, in 1794 a state road, Genesee Road, was built from Utica west to the Genesee River. That year a contract was awarded to the Mohawk Turnpike and Bridge Company to extend the road northeast to Albany, the Seneca Turnpike was key to Uticas development, replacing a worn footpath with a paved road. The village became a rest and supply area along the Mohawk River for goods, the boundaries of the village of Utica were defined in an act passed by the New York State Legislature on April 3,1798. Utica expanded its borders in subsequent 1805 and 1817 charters, on April 5,1805, the villages eastern and western boundaries were expanded, and on April 7,1817, Utica separated from Whitestown on its west. After completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, the growth was stimulated again. The municipal charter was passed by the legislature on February 13,1832
7. Rome, New York – Rome is a city in New York State. It is located in Oneida County, which is in north-central or Upstate New York, the population was 33,725 at the 2010 census. Rome is in New Yorks 22nd congressional district, the city developed at an ancient portage site of Native Americans, including the historic Iroquois. The original European settlements developed around fortifications erected in the 1750s to defend the waterway, following the war, the city began to develop with the construction of the Rome Canal in 1796, to connect Wood Creek and the Mohawk River. In the same year the Town of Rome was formally created as a section of Oneida County, for a time, the small community next to the canal was informally known as Lynchville, after the original owner of the property. The Town of Rome was converted into a city by the New York State Legislature on February 23,1870, the residents have called Rome the City of American History. These names refer to a road or path between the Mohawk River to the east, which leads to the Hudson River, and Wood Creek to the west. This ancient trade route joined the Great Lakes and Canada via the Mohawk River to the Hudson River, during the French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years War, this region had much fighting. The British colonists had erected several small forts to guard the Oneida Carrying Place, but, a combined French regular army, Canadian and allied Native American force overwhelmed and massacred a British force here in the Battle of Fort Bull. Later in 1758, after abortive attempts to fortify the area, the British sent a very large force to secure the Oneida Carry and build a stronger rampart complex. Following defeat by the English during the war, the French ceded their territory in North America east of the Mississippi River to England. The English signed the Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois, by which they promised to preserve areas west of the Appalachian Mountains as an Indian reserve and it has been described as one of the worst treaties in the History of Anglo-Indian relationships. The treaty has also described as the last desperate effort of the British to create order west of the Appalachians. The British abandoned the fort after that war, it deteriorated and was torn down. At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, American Continental forces took control of the Fort Stanwix site, the installation survived a siege by the British in the Saratoga Campaign of 1777, becoming renowned as the fort that never surrendered. Patriot militia, regulars, and their Oneida Nation allies under the command of Col. Barry St. Leger. The failed siege, combined with the battle at nearby Oriskany as well as the battles of Bennington, following this success, the Americans were able to gain alliances with France and the Netherlands, now more confident that the rebels had a chance to win. After the repulse of the British at Fort Stanwix, bloody fighting erupted along the American northern frontier, there were terrible losses for both American settlers and the people of the Six Nations, as retaliatory raids were made against each side
8. Canajoharie (village), New York – Canajoharie /ˌkænədʒoʊˈhæri/ is a village in the Town of Canajoharie in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the village had a population of 2,229. The name is said to be a Mohawk language term meaning the pot that washes itself, referring to the Canajoharie Boiling Pot, the village of Canajoharie is at the north border of the Town of Canajoharie, it is west of Amsterdam and east of Utica. The village and town name also refer to Canajoharie, a historic Mohawk town that was located west of here, a church stands at that site from the pre-revolutionary era, the Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District is a National Historic Landmark. The village of Canajoharie is home to one of a handful operating dummy lights in the United States, located downtown at the intersection of Church, Mohawk and it is a traffic signal on a pedestal located in the middle of an intersection, it was first installed in 1926. Two others are located in New York State, in Beacon and Croton-on-Hudson, the Erie Canal passes the north side of the village. The village was the headquarters for the operations of the Beech-Nut baby food company in the 20th century. The plant was closed in March 2011 with production moving to Florida in the same county, in addition, the Bragdon-Lipe House, the Van Alstyne House, the West Hill School, and the United States Post Office are individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The current village is located east of the historic Canajoharie, one of two towns of the Mohawk nation in the late 17th and 18th centuries. The Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District in the area contains the Upper Castle Church and archeological sites related to Mohawk and Iroquois history. Palatine German settlers, Protestant refugees from religious wars in Europe, were allowed to establish a community in this area in the 1730s. They had earlier lived in camps along the Hudson River in Dutchess County, to pay off their passage from England. Their community was called Roofville after early inhabitant Johannes Rueff, the village was incorporated in 1829. During the middle of the 19th century, three fires almost destroyed the village, because of the losses due to the fires, the town passed an ordinance prohibiting houses to be constructed of wood. Many of the houses in the town are made of brick or locally quarried stone. After the revolutionary war George Washington visited Canajoharie and he had been in the region to survey damage done to nearby Cherry Valley, New York from a destructive raid by Joseph Brant, a noted Mohawk chief allied with the British, and his forces. Washington stayed the night at the Van Alstyne home, a meeting place. The Van Alstyne house has long referred to by some as Ft. Rensselaer
9. Crescent, New York – Crescent is a hamlet in the town of Halfmoon, New York. It lies on the bank of the Mohawk River in Saratoga County. Crescent was the terminus of an aqueduct which carried the Erie Canal over the Mohawk River. The original wooden aqueduct was built in 1825, the 26-arched stone aqueduct which replaced the wooden structure, was demolished in 1918 and only fragments of the stone piers remain. In the 1840s the cheap transportation provided by the canal spurred economic development in Crescent, industry including a paint works, an iron foundry, and brickworks, located there, and businesses supplying the canal boats prospered. Grain was transhipped at Crescent, it was said teams in a half a mile long having been seen waiting for a chance to unload. In 1860 the population was 593, today Crescent is the location of the Crescent Bridge carrying U. S. Route 9 from Albany County. The Crescent Methodist Episcopal Church, Noxon Bank Building, and Oakcliff are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, old Crescent Aqueduct - Erie Canal
10. Fort Hunter, New York – Fort Hunter is a hamlet in the Town of Florida in Montgomery County, New York, west of the capital at Albany, on the south bank of the Mohawk River and on the northeast bank of Schoharie Creek. It developed around a fort of the name, built by English colonists in 1712 near the Mohawk village of Teantontalago for their defense. Queen Anne ordered the fort built at the request of the Mohawk, the English called the Mohawk settlement the Lower Mohawk Castle. Within a few years, the fort included an Anglican chapel, first built in logs and it was a mission church for the Mohawk in addition to English settlers. The fort survived the wars in the region, it was taken down in 1820 to make way for construction of the Erie Canal, the Fort Hunter land, approximately 80 acres on both sides of the mouth of the Schoharie, was deeded in 1697 to Jan Peterse Mabee. He had an advantage because his wife Anna Borsboom, apparently of mixed race, was something related to the Indian castle, the deed was signed by Sachem Rode of the Wolf Clan. In order to build the fort, there was a land swap, copies of the deed are held both in the Albany State Archives and at the shrine of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha in nearby Auriesville, New York. The future site of Fort Hunter was on Schoharie Creek, near the easternmost of the two primary Mohawk settlements of the time and it was in part for defense of the nearby Mohawk village against the French and their Indian allies. The Mohawk name for their village was rendered variously in English as Tionondoroge, Teantontalago, Thienderego, Tionondorage, the European colonists also called it the Lower Mohawk Castle, referring to its relative position near the Mohawk River, which flows east. Canajoharie, the other primary Mohawk village, was known as the Upper Mohawk Castle and was located further west upriver, by the Dongan Charter, the city of Albany acquired the right to own 1,000 acres at the Lower Mohawk Castle. Hendrick Tejonihokarawa of the Wolf Clan, a Mohawk sachem also known by the English as Hendrick Peters, was one of the Four Mohawk Kings who went to London in 1710 to meet with Queen Anne. The chiefs asked her for Anglican missionaries to help offset French Catholic influence in the Iroquois Confederacy, in 1711, the Crown authorized the construction of Fort Hunter near Tionondorage for such defense. The fort contained a chapel and mission house, Queen Anne donated a set of communion silver and sent two missionaries to the colony. In return, she asked Tejonihokarawa for help in settling Palatine Germans and they had left the Palatine because of French invasions related to religious wars. Through Governor Hunter, the sachem made some Mohawk land available to settlers near Schoharie Creek, Fort Hunter was constructed by English colonists in 1712. In 1723 some 100 heads of German households were later granted land in what was known as the Burnetsfield Patent, west of the rapids at Little Falls and they were a buffer between the French and Iroquois, and the English settlements. A log cabin was erected for use as a chapel, the log structure was replaced with a stone church in 1741 and a parsonage was later built outside the fort. The fort was used by residents for defense in the French and Indian War
11. Rexford, New York – Rexford is a hamlet in Saratoga County, New York, United States, located on the north bank of the Mohawk River. Rexford is in the Town of Clifton Park, near the southwest town line and its boundaries, like those of neighboring Alplaus, are unofficial and necessarily vague. To the south, it is bounded by the Mohawk River and Grooms Road and to the west, Alplaus, Route 146 and Vischers Ferry Road, are probably a reasonable delineations of its northern and eastern boundaries. The Rexford Fire District protected by the John McLane Hose Company is probably the most accurate survey of Rexford, the Edisons Rexford Clubhouse opened 2 July 1925. It has a 27-hole golf course, cyrus Rexford House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011. Nathan Garnsey House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012, edward Rexford called the area Rexford Flats. The Methodist Church at 18 Main St. was built in 1839, there is a blacksmith shop across from the church which dates back to that same era, the time of the Erie Canal. Rexford was the site of an aqueduct that brought vessels traveling the Erie Canal across the Mohawk River, the aqueduct was built in 1841. Large arches which supported its towpath can still be seen from the Route 146 bridge crossing the river today, the Schenectady Yacht Club is located in a former canal store, built circa 1900. The Club uses the remains of Lock 21, which is on its grounds, for moving boats in, Lock 21 was built in 1842 as part of an enlargement of the Canal. Rexford once had a 2-room schoolhouse, located at the corner of Riverview and this was razed in the 1960s and replaced by a firehouse, which was replaced by a Stewarts convenience store in 2001. The firehouse is now located north of the intersection on Route 146, in the early 1900s, there was an amusement park at Rexford with rides, games, and refreshments. Trolleys brought people from the city of Schenectady, the park was known as Luna Park, Dolles Park, Colonnade Park, Palisades Park, and Rexford Park. The McLane Hotel, razed in 1964, was a stop for stagecoaches, John McLane operated it until about 1930. Before its demise the McLane was a mysterious-looking, old-fashioned and extremely weathered building with large galleries on both floors and a cupola at its peak, glencliff Elementary School The Edison Club Edisons Rexford Clubhouse
12. Waterford (village), New York – Waterford is a village in Saratoga County, New York, US. The population was 2,204 at the 2000 census, the name derives from the ford between the mainland and Peebles Island. The Village of Waterford is located in the southeast part of the Town of Waterford, north-northwest of Troy, the Village is located just north of the falls where the eastbound Mohawk River flows into the southbound Hudson River. The site of the village was occupied as Half Moon Point in the 17th Century and it was then in the territory of Mahican natives. This early village was at the ford between Peebles Island and the mainland, the approximate location of this ford is in the area of the Second Avenue Bridge. The village claims to be the oldest continuously incorporated village in the US and it was the first village incorporated by the state legislature in 1794, while part of the Town of Halfmoon, and was an established political entity before the formation of the Town of Waterford. Waterford Village is one of twelve villages in New York still incorporated under a charter. The Village of Waterford is located at 42°47′28″N 73°40′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has an area of 0.4 square miles. Waterford is on the west bank of the Hudson River and north of Peebles Island State Park, the village was at the northern extreme of navigation on the Hudson River, and later became the eastern terminus of the Erie Canal and the southern terminus of the Champlain Canal. The historic Waterford Flight, comprising locks 2,3,4,5, the Waterford Flight series of locks is one of the steepest in the world. While much of the town has a high elevation, the Village of Waterford is very low relative to the two major rivers forming its borders. Its position at the convergence of both the Erie and Champlain Canals as well as the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers, has contributed to many floods. While major floods have been rare through the last half of the 20th century to the present, the flood forced the closing of the Erie Canal, stranding several boats in the locks. County Roads 96 and 97 lead into the village from the northwest, as of the census of 2000, there were 2,204 people,951 households, and 543 families residing in the village. The population density was 7,731.2 people per square mile, there were 1,062 housing units at an average density of 3,725.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96. 05% White,0. 77% Black or African American,0. 18% Native American,1. 50% Asian,0. 09% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 45% of the population. 34. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13. 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.06