Category:Populated places on the Rhône
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
1. Brig-Glis – Brig, officially Brig-Glis is a historic town and a municipality in the district of Brig in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. The current municipality was formed in 1972 through the merger of Brig, Brigerbad, together with other Alpine towns Brig-Glis engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Brig-Glis was awarded Alpine Town of the Year 2008, the official language of Brig is German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The name Brig is derived from Briva, or bridge, the prosperity of Brig is bound up with the Simplon Pass, so that it gradually supplanted the more ancient village of Naters opposite, becoming a separate parish in 1517. Its medieval name was Briga dives, Brig is first mentioned in 1215 as Briga. The first evidence of human habitation near Brig comes from a few Bronze Age objects, a bracelet, the area remained inhabited through the Latène era with scattered Walser settlements. During the Roman era the Roman influence was strongest along the Roman road on the valley floor, the area remained settled during the Iron Age, Migration Period and Early Middle Ages. The de Briga family is first mentioned in 1215, the family was probably a branch of the Mangoldi line which was first mentioned in 1181 and is probably identical to the de Curia family which appeared between 1308-35. The family seat was the Höllenburg, which was a tower above Brig, by the 17th Century the tower had been demolished. It is likely that the city was founded by the Bishop of Sion, the original tower was replaced with a new tower in the 13th Century, which was demolished in 1970. In the 14th Century, Brig was first mentioned as a town and it grew in importance and in 1518 became the capital of the Zenden of Brig. Together with the capital, it became the seat of the district court, the town hall is first mentioned in 1618. The city wall served as a flood wall to help protect the town from the Saltina. The nearby Rhône caused floods in 1469,1506,1640,1752,1775,1868 and 1920, in 1755 and again in 1855 an earthquake damaged the city. The plague decimated the population in 1465,1475,1485 and 1575, in 1799 French troops pillaged the city, burned the archives and inflicted great damage. Starting in the middle of the 13th Century, it was a storage, transshipment, by the early modern era a number of families were wealthy from trade and built palatial homes and public buildings in the city. The Renaissance tower of the Provincial Governor Kaspar Metz Elten was built in 1526, then, in 1658-78, Kaspar Stockalper built the Stockalper Palace with three towers, and arcaded courtyard and a park. The early modern city also featured the old Stockalper house, the Salzhof which served as a transshipment and storage point, outside the city, in 1677, Kaspar Stockalper built the Matteni manor house for Georg Christoph Mannhaft
2. Fiesch – Fiesch is a municipality in the district of Goms in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. Nearby Fiescheralp is administered by Fiesch and is accessible by the Eggishorn lift and it has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage site for its view of the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area. Fiesch is first mentioned in 1203 as Vios, in 1438 it was mentioned as Viesch, seit 1905 Fiesch. The Fiesch derailment occurred in 2010, Fiesch has an area, as of 2011, of 11.3 square kilometers. Of this area,32. 6% is used for agricultural purposes, of the rest of the land,6. 4% is settled and 20. 4% is unproductive land. The municipality is located in a valley and on the slopes above both sides of the Weisswasser. The blazon of the coat of arms is Azure, a fess wavy Argent in base Coupeaux of the same. Fiesch has a population of 927, as of 2008,17. 9% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of -4. 5% and it has changed at a rate of -2% due to migration and at a rate of -2% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, Serbo-Croatian is the second most common, There are 7 people who speak French,1 person who speaks Italian. As of 2008, the distribution of the population was 50. 9% male and 49. 1% female. The population was made up of 403 Swiss men and 92 non-Swiss men, There were 382 Swiss women and 95 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 433 or about 43. 5% were born in Fiesch and lived there in 2000. There were 272 or 27. 3% who were born in the canton, while 103 or 10. 3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 24. 1% of the population, while adults make up 60%, as of 2000, there were 401 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 514 married individuals,57 widows or widowers and 24 individuals who are divorced, as of 2000, there were 372 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 97 households that consist of one person and 35 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 379 households that answered this question,25. 6% were households made up of just one person and there were 2 adults who lived with their parents
3. Geneva – Geneva is the second most populous city in Switzerland and is the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic, the municipality has a population of 198,072, and the canton has 484,736 residents. In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France, within Swiss territory, the commuter area named Métropole lémanique contains a population of 1.25 million. This area is essentially spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, Geneva is the city that hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world. It is also the place where the Geneva Conventions were signed, Geneva was ranked as the worlds ninth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, ahead of Frankfurt, and third in Europe behind London and Zürich. A2009 survey by Mercer found that Geneva has the third-highest quality of life of any city in the world, the city has been referred to as the worlds most compact metropolis and the Peace Capital. In 2009 and 2011, Geneva was ranked as, respectively, the city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava, probably from a Celtic toponym *genawa- from the stem *genu-, in the sense of a bending river or estuary. The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis, the name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva /dʒᵻˈniːvə/ in English, French, Genève, German, Genf, Italian, Ginevra, and Romansh, Genevra. The city in origin shares its name, *genawa estuary, with the Italian port city of Genoa, Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC. It became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, and acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the bishopric of Vienne in the 4th. In the Middle Ages, Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, around this time the House of Savoy came to dominate the city. In the 15th century, a republican government emerged with the creation of the Grand Council. In 1541, with Protestantism in the ascendancy, John Calvin, by the 18th century, however, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own. France also tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, in 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814, in 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of international organizations. Geneva is located at 46°12 North, 6°09 East, at the end of Lake Geneva. It is surrounded by two chains, the Alps and the Jura
4. Lyon – Lyon or Lyons is a city in east-central France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, about 470 km from Paris and 320 km from Marseille. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais, Lyon had a population of 506,615 in 2014 and is Frances third-largest city after Paris and Marseille. Lyon is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, the metropolitan area of Lyon had a population of 2,237,676 in 2013, the second-largest in France after Paris. The city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy and historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. It played a significant role in the history of cinema, Auguste, the city is also known for its famous light festival, Fête des Lumières, which occurs every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. Economically, Lyon is a centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical. The city contains a significant software industry with a focus on video games. Lyon hosts the headquarters of Interpol, Euronews, and International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lyon was ranked 19th globally and second in France for innovation in 2014 and it ranked second in France and 39th globally in Mercers 2015 liveability rankings. These refugees had been expelled from Vienne by the Allobroges and were now encamped at the confluence of the Saône and Rhône rivers, dio Cassius says this task was to keep the two men from joining Mark Antony and bringing their armies into the developing conflict. The Roman foundation was at Fourvière hill and was officially called Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity, the city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum. The earliest translation of this Gaulish place-name as Desired Mountain is offered by the 9th-century Endlicher Glossary, in contrast, some modern scholars have proposed a Gaulish hill-fort named Lugdunon, after the Celtic god Lugus, and dúnon. It then became the capital of Gaul, partly due to its convenient location at the convergence of two rivers, and quickly became the main city of Gaul. Two emperors were born in city, Claudius, whose speech is preserved in the Lyon Tablet in which he justifies the nomination of Gallic senators. Today, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as Primat des Gaules, the Christians in Lyon were martyred for their beliefs under the reigns of various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimus Severus. Local saints from this period include Blandina, Pothinus, and Epipodius, in the second century AD, the great Christian bishop of Lyon was the Easterner, Irenaeus. Burgundian refugees fleeing the destruction of Worms by the Huns in 437 were re-settled by the commander of the west, Aëtius. This became the capital of the new Burgundian kingdom in 461, in 843, by the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon, with the country beyond the Saône, went to Lothair I
5. Martigny – Martigny is the capital of the French-speaking district of Martigny in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It lies at an elevation of 471 meters, and its population is approximately 15000 inhabitants and it is a junction of roads joining Italy, France and Switzerland. One road links it over the Great St. Bernard Pass to Aosta, in winter, Martigny is appreciated for its numerous nearby Alp ski resorts such as Verbier. Martigny lies at an elevation of 471 meters, about 33 kilometers south-southeast of Montreux, the river La Drance flows from the southern Valais Alps through Martigny and joins the Rhône from the left just after Rhônes distinctive, almost rectangular change in direction. Martigny has an area, as of 2013, of 24.97 square kilometers, of this area,31. 5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 39. 8% is forested. Of the rest of the land,23. 3% is settled and 5. 3% is unproductive land, in 1964 the current municipality was created with the merger of Martigny-Ville and Martigny-Bourg. The Gaulish name of the settlement in the 1st century BC was either Octodurus or Octodurum, galba, after capturing many local strongholds and receiving the submission of the people, sent troops into the country of the Nantuates, and with his remaining army determined to winter in Octodurus. Galba gave one part of the town to the Gauls to winter in and he fortified himself with a ditch and rampart, and thought he was safe. Octodurus was later on joined to the Roman Empire, as part of the Alpes Poeninae province, pliny says that the Octodurenses received the Latinitas. The town appears in the Antonine Itinerary and in the Tabula Peutingeriana, prov. the place is called Civitas Vallensium Octodurus. At a later period it was called Forum Claudii Vallensium Octodurensium, an episcopal see was established here in the 4th century, making the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion the oldest bishopric in what is now Switzerland. The first historically attested bishop of Octodurus was Theodore/Theodolus, who was present at the Council of Aquileia in 381, a restored Roman amphitheatre, temples, citizen living quarters, and thermal baths can be seen in Martigny today. One authority speaks of the remains of a Roman aqueduct at Martigny, many coins, and other memorials of the Roman time, have been found about the place. There are no records of the town during the medieval period. In the Middle Ages, the town took Martin of Tours as its patron saint, the church of Martigny, presumably at the site of the ancient cathedral, was consecrated to St. Mary in 1177, and to Notre-Dame-des-Champs in 1420. The town was granted a degree of autonomy, its citizens being allowed to elect their own local officials, the economy of Martigny was traditionally based on agriculture and viticulture. The town was flooded by the Dranse, most severely in 1595. From 1798 to 1802, Martigny was part of the Napoleonic Republic of Valais, then in the Rhodanic Republic, the Valais passed to Switzerland in 1815
6. Ollon – Ollon is a municipality in the district of Aigle in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, sited in the foothills of the mountains to the south-east of the Lake of Geneva. The old German language name Olun is no longer used, Ollon is first mentioned in 1018 as Aulonum though there is some debate about whether this refers to another settlement. In 1025-32 it was mentioned as Olonum, the village of Saint-Triphon is situated on three hills overlooking the Rhone valley. It was first mentioned in 1332 as Triphonis Sancti, archeological finds include items from the Middle Neolithic to the Roman era, including an Early Bronze Age necropolis and a Late Bronze Age smelter for copper processing. On the hill Le Lessus stands a 18 m high square tower, the tower was partially destroyed in 1476. Foundations indicate that the tower was reached by a walkway, nearby, the remains of a romanesque chapel from the 12th Century is still visible. In 1232 the Counts of Savoy granted the castle to Guy de Saillon, the fief was dismembered in the 14th Century and reunited in the 16th Century under the Rovéréa family. Between 1476-1798 it was one of the twelve Zenden des Mandements Ollon in the government of Aigle, the village was ruled by a Bernese mayor. Since the middle ages, black marble has been mined in the village, Ollon has an area, as of 2009, of 59.54 square kilometers. Of this area,23.86 km2 or 40. 1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.11 km2 or 45. 5% is forested. Of the rest of the land,6.3 km2 or 10. 6% is settled,0.55 km2 or 0. 9% is either rivers or lakes and 1.68 km2 or 2. 8% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 5. 6%, out of the forested land,38. 9% of the total land area is heavily forested and 4. 8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,11. 1% is used for growing crops and 8. 5% is pastures, of the water in the municipality,0. 3% is in lakes and 0. 6% is in rivers and streams. The municipality is located in the Aigle district, the area covered by Ollon borders the Rhône on the southwest side, and rises up the mountainside as far as Chamossaire. Ollon includes 123 hectares of vineyards and it is one of the largest municipalities in the canton. It consists of the village of Ollon and 23 other villages, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Quartered Vert and Gules, overall a Cross couped Argent. Ollon has a population of 7,426, as of 2008,32. 7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 11. 7% and it has changed at a rate of 10. 7% due to migration and at a rate of 1. 2% due to births and deaths
7. Saint-Maurice, Switzerland – Saint-Maurice, or Saint-Maurice dAgaune, is a small city located in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It is also the capital of the district and of the municipality of Saint-Maurice, the district of Saint-Maurice is composed with 9 municipalities, Collonges, Dorénaz, Evionnaz, Finhaut, Massongex, Salvan, St-Maurice, Vernayaz and Vérossaz. On 1 January 2013, the municipality of Mex merged into the municipality of Saint-Maurice. The city of Saint-Maurice is the site of the Roman outpost of Agaunum and the mediaeval St. Maurices Abbey, Saint-Maurice is located at the entrance a pass leading to the upper part of the Rhône valley. As such, it has a strategic importance, and defence work were built from the 15th century to control this access, the Fortress Saint-Maurice was constructed in the surrounding mountainsides from 1880 through 1995. Saint-Maurice is first mentioned in 200 as Acaun Gal, in respect to Saint Maurice, the name was changed from Acaunum to Saint-Maurice in 1003. Some traces of a Bronze Age settlement were found at the foot of the spur in town. There was a Roman era town at Saint-Maurice, but very little is known about the layout of it. There was a customs post at Acaunum, where an import and export tariff of 2. 5% was levied, the town probably had a shrine to water nymphs. According to tradition, Saint Maurice and his southern Egyptian companions of the Theban Legion were martyred in Acaunum during the reign of Maximian, around 360-370 Theodul, the first Bishop of Valais, built a basilica in Acaunum in their honor. The basilica became a pilgrimage site. In 515, the King of Burgundy Sigismund founded the Abbey, in 523, the town was invaded by the Franks, followed in 574 by the Lombards and in the mid-10th century, by the Saracens. In 888 Rudolf of Welf was crowned King of Burgundy in the Abbey, in 1034, the entire Chablais region, which included Saint-Maurice, was acquired by the Duchy of Savoy. The towns of Saint-Maurice and Monthey formed a Kastlanei or district, around 1300, the Kastlan or vogt moved from Monthey to Saint-Maurice. The abbot exercised dominion over the abbey and the town, citizens of the town were first mentioned in 1170 and by 1275, the citizens elected two mayors. In the 13th century the town was surrounded by walls, count Amadeus V of Savoy confirmed the city charter in 1317, at which time the town had a population of between 1,400 and 1,800. In 1475 the Lower Valais was ruled by the Seven Zenden as a member of the Swiss Confederation. From 1475 until 1798, Saint-Maurice was the capital of the Saint-Maurice province, in the following year,1476, Bern began construction of a castle in the narrow Rhone valley at Saint-Maurice
8. Sierre – Sierre is the capital of the district of Sierre in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It has a population of 16,332 and it is the last official French speaking city in Valais before the French–German language border of the canton located at the forêt de Finges, few kilometres after the town. A German-speaking minority lives in Sierre, as it counts around 8% of the population, Sierre is first mentioned about 800 as Sidrium, though a 12th-century document refers to the village being founded in 515. In 1179 it was mentioned as Sirro and in 1393 as Syder, the area around the modern town, especially Gerunden hill, was settled very early. Archeological sites on Gerunden hill have produced neolithic objects and grave goods, Bronze Age weapons and jewelry, Early Iron Age objects and Roman era inscriptions, jars, jewelry and coins. A soapstone pot from the Early Middle Ages and a signet ring with the name Graifarius from the 6th century have also been found. In Grands-Prés there is a pit from the beginning of the Late Iron Age. During the Roman era it appears there was no major population center. Under the chapel of Saint-Ginier, the remains of a Roman era house or estate have been discovered, five altars were found in Saint-Ginier, along with another two in the scattered settlements, one of which was dedicated to Mercury. During the early period, the duumvir or mayor of the Civitas Vallensium, Caius Cominus Chiu. In the late period, the family of the senator of Vinelia Modestina also lived in the area. The chapel of Saint-Félix was built in the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century on Gerunden hill, in 515 the estate at Sierre was given by the King of Burgundy Sigismund to the Abbey of Saint-Maurice to hold as a fief. By the 11th century, the fief of Sierre was owned by the Bishop of Sion, the aristocratic families and the residents of the fief lived on the Gerunden, Vieux-Sierre and Plantzette hills. On each of these there was a castle that served as the residence for the Bishops representatives. The castles were razed in the century when the noble families stood with the Bishop in his war with the Zenden of the Upper Valais. The demolished castles and villages were abandoned and most residents settled farther north, the only castle that survived the wars of the 14th century was Goubing Castle, southeast of Sierre, which belonged to the lords of Granges. The Contrée of Sierre was originally a group the managed the commons, as vassals of the Bishop, they had the right to assemble twice a year to regulate the management of the common lands and the affairs of the local police. Eventually this grew into the Noble Contrée which then formed the core of Sierre Zenden from which the city of Sierre later developed, the town of Plan-Sierre soon took over the leadership role in the Noble Contrée
9. Sion, Switzerland – Sion is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais and of the district of Sion. As of December 2015 it had a population of 33,879, on 17 January 1968 the former municipality of Bramois merged into the municipality of Sion. On 1 January 2013 the former municipality of Salins merged into the municipality of Sion and on 1 January 2017 Les Agettes did the same, Sion is well known for its old town. Landmarks include the Basilique de Valère and Château de Tourbillon, Sion has an airfield for civilian and military use which serves as a base for countless air rescue missions. Sion is one of the most important pre-historic sites in Europe, the alluvial fan of Sionne, the rocky slopes above the river and, to a lesser extent, Valeria and Tourbillon hills have been settled nearly continuously since antiquity. The oldest trace of settlement comes from 6200 BC during the late Mesolithic. Around 5800 BC early Neolithic farmers from the Mediterranean settled in Sion, the settlements remained small until about 4500 BC, during the middle Neolithic, when the number of settlements increased sharply. To support the increase, farming and grazing spread throughout the valley. They also began burying their dead in Chablandes-type stone burial cists with engraved anthropomorphic stelae, the individual graves changed at the beginning of the third Millennium BC in large, dry stone wall communal tombs. During the Beaker culture period in the half of the third Millennium, dolmens were built once again. Stelae continued to be carved, though these were rich with geometric patterns, at the beginning of the Early Bronze Age the last stelae were erected. The early settlements have been well documented, there are huts from the middle Neolithic period found near Le Petit Chasseur and under Ritz Avenue. Late Neolithic sites have found at Bramois and the early Early Bronze Age site is at Le Petit Chasseur. The Middle Bronze Age, however, is poorly documented, from the subsequent epochs, the great necropolis of Don Bosco and the necropolis of Sous-le-Scex from the La Tène culture. At the end of the first century BC, Sion was the capital of the Seduni and they were conquered by the Romans in the second decade BC. By 8-7 BC, Emperor Augustus praised the tribe of Seduner with an inscription, the town-hall is said to contain several Roman inscriptions, one of which found at Sion commemorates the Roman presence, Civitas Sedunorum Patrono. Under the Romans it was known as Sedunum, the Roman settlement stretched mainly from what is now St. Theodul, between the Sionne and to the west side of the hill, Valeria. Under the church, a bath complex was discovered and partially excavated
10. Visp – Visp is the capital of the district of Visp in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. Visp lies in the Rhône valley, at the confluence of the Vispa, Visp has an area, as of 2011, of 13.2 square kilometers. Of this area,17. 0% is used for agricultural purposes, of the rest of the land,19. 5% is settled and 3. 9% is unproductive land. The proposed merger of the municipalities of Eggerberg, Ausserberg, Bürchen, Baltschieder, Visp, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per pale Argent and Gules, two Lions rampant reguardant counterchanged. Visp has a population of 7,665, as of 2008,19. 3% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 5. 8% and it has changed at a rate of 4. 5% due to migration and at a rate of 1. 1% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, Serbo-Croatian is the second most common, there are 107 people who speak French,111 people who speak Italian and 3 people who speak Romansh. As of 2008, the population was 49. 5% male and 50. 5% female, the population was made up of 2,671 Swiss men and 713 non-Swiss men. There were 2,808 Swiss women and 650 non-Swiss women, of the population in the municipality,2,556 or about 39. 0% were born in Visp and lived there in 2000. There were 2,138 or 32. 6% who were born in the canton, while 588 or 9. 0% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. As of 2000, children and teenagers make up 23. 4% of the population, while adults make up 61. 6%, as of 2000, there were 2,730 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 3,191 married individuals,378 widows or widowers and 251 individuals who are divorced, as of 2000, there were 2,536 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household. There were 721 households that consist of one person and 171 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 2,349 apartments were permanently occupied, as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 5.4 new units per 1000 residents. As of 2003 the average price to rent an apartment in Visp was 923.95 Swiss francs per month. The average apartment price in Visp was 82. 8% of the average of 1116 CHF. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0. 95%, the historical population is given in the following chart, The entire small city of Visp is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 62. 91% of the vote, the next three most popular parties were the SP, the SVP and the FDP
11. Oberwald – Oberwald is a village in the municipality of Obergoms in Goms District in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It is situated at an elevation of 1377 m and had a population of 277 in December 2007 and it is located at the end of the Goms, directly before the Furka and Grimsel passes, underneath the Rhône River source at the Rhône Glacier. It is also the startpoint of the Furka Tunnel, most inhabitants live off tourism or sheep farming. Oberwald was an independent municipality until January 1,2009, when it merged with Ulrichen and Obergesteln to form the municipality of Obergoms