Category:Port cities in Azerbaijan
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
1. Baku – Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 metres below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and it is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Bakus urban population was estimated at just over two million people, officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Bakus metropolitan area. Baku is divided into administrative districts and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on the islands of the Baku Archipelago, the Inner City of Baku, along with the Shirvanshahs Palace and Maiden Tower, were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. According to the Lonely Planets ranking, Baku is also among the top ten destinations for urban nightlife. The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of Azerbaijan, many sizeable Azerbaijani institutions have their headquarters there. The Baku International Sea Trade Port is capable of handling two million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes per year, in recent years, Baku has become an important venue for international events. The city is renowned for its winds, which is reflected in its nickname. Indeed, the city is renowned for its fierce winter snow storms and this is also reflected in the citys nickname as the City of Winds. A less probable folk etymology explains the name as deriving from Baghkuy, baga and kuy are the Old Persian words for god and town respectively, the name Baghkuy may be compared with Baghdād in which dād is the Old Persian word for give. Arabic sources refer to the city as Baku, Bakukh, Bakuya, around 100,000 years ago, the territory of modern Baku and Absheron was savanna with rich flora and fauna. Traces of human settlement go back to the Stone age, from the Bronze age there have been rock carvings discovered near Bayil, and a bronze figure of a small fish discovered in the territory of the Old City. These have led some to suggest the existence of a Bronze Age settlement within the citys territory, further archeological excavations revealed various prehistoric settlements, native temples, statues and other artifacts within the territory of the modern city and around it. In the 1st century, the Romans organized two Caucasian campaigns and reached Baku, near the city, in Gobustan, Roman inscriptions dating from 84–96 AD were discovered. This is one of the earliest written evidences for Baku, during the 8th century Baku was the realm of the Shirvanshahs. The city frequently came under assault of the Khazars and the Rus, shirvanshah Akhsitan I built a navy in Baku and successfully repelled another Rus assault in 1170. After a devastating earthquake struck Shamakhy, the capital of Shirvan, the Shirvan era greatly influenced Baku and the remainder of Azerbaijan
2. Lankaran – Lankaran is a city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran. It has a population of 223,100 and it is next to but independent of Lankaran rayon. The city forms a distinct division of Azerbaijan. The old form of the name was Langarkanan that in Persian means the place of pulling up the anchor, however, some sources state that Lankaran is said to come from the Talish words for Cane house, which sounds as Lan Karan. Alternatively, from Median *Lankaran-, where *karan- means border, region, land, the city was built on a swamp along the northern bank of the river bearing the citys name. There are remains of settlements in the area dating back to the Neolithic period as well as ruins of fortified villages from the Bronze. Lankarans history is rather recent, dating from the 16th century, from the founding of the khanate, until 1828, it was ruled by subsequently by the Iranian Zand and Qajar empires. Following the Russo-Persian War of 1722-1723, Lankaran fell in Russian hands, following the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813, it was returned and still remained part of Qajar Iran. In 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it became a part of independent Azerbaijan, there are sandy beaches near Lankaran. Thermal sulphide, chloride, sodium-calcium waters of Andjin mineral springs are situated 12 km west of the town, also to the west are the ruins of Ballabur castle, near the village with the same name. The region has a vast area of parks, where a variety of fauna. Gizil-Agach State Reserve hosts over 250 kinds of plants,30 species of fish, Lankaran is also known for Parrotia persica, or ironwood. It is naturally grown in the region and could be seen in Hirkan National Park, local myth has it that it is the only wood that sinks in water, hence the name. Historically it has used for heating, since it burns for a long time and is not easily extinguished. The Persian leopard subspecies of the leopard, lives in the park as well. In 1937, members of the Opilio lepidus species of harvestman were sited in the area, Lankaran has a humid subtropical climate, which borderlines the Mediterranean climate. Lankaran has cool, wet winters and very warm, dry/highly humid summers, the maximum annual precipitation of 1,600 to 1,800 mm, and is the highest precipitation in Azerbaijan. Dominating spheres in Lankaran economy are vegetable-growing, tea-growing, paddy cultivating, cattle-breeding, citrus plants, beekeeping, fishing, the city is also home of Azerbaijans first tea plant, built in 1937
3. Sumqayit – Sumqayit is the third-largest city in Azerbaijan, located near the Caspian Sea, about 31 kilometres away from the capital, Baku. The city has a population of around 298,000, making it the third-largest city in Azerbaijan after the capital Baku, the city has a territory of 83 square kilometres. It was founded on November 22,1949, two settlements are within the city administration, Jorat and Haji Zeynalabdin, a settlement named after oil businessman and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. It is home to Sumqayit State University, according to the local folklore the city is named after the Sumqayit River. In retrospect the legend tells the tale of a hero by the name of Sum, Sum eventually manages to kill the monster, but when the river is released he is swept by the waters and never seen again. After that, his beloved, Jeyran, inconsolable by Sums disappearance, would go to the river, so the river became known as Sumgayit, upon the city was named after. According to historians, Medean tribes lived in the area, the first reports of settlements at the present site of Sumgayit were in 1580, when English traveller H. On 22–23 February 1988 violence broke out in the town on Askeran, the news of the Askeran clash along with ongoing deportation of Azerbaijanis from Armenia sparked the Sumgait pogrom against Armenian residents of Sumgait in Azerbaijan on 27 February. The pogrom resulted in the deaths of 26 Armenians and six Azerbaijanis, as a result, the entire Armenian population fled from Sumqayit. The violence during the Askeran clash and the Sumgait Pogrom marked the points of Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict. After Nagorno-Karabakh War, the city home to a number of Azerbaijani refugees internally displaced persons, mainly from Qubadli. In 1994, Heydar Aliyev initiated a large-scale Free Economic Area project on the territory of the city, as a result of the Soviet planning of the industrial boom era, the city became heavily polluted. Soon after Azerbaijans independence, the industrial sectors went into decline, the Absheron Peninsula was considered by scientists to be the most ecologically devastated part of Azerbaijan. The report noted the former Soviet industrial base was polluting the environment with industrial chemicals like chlorine. The report also mentioned cancer rates in Sumgayit were as much as 51% higher than the national average, the city administration prepared an environmental protection plan for 2003–2010 which has been steadily decreasing the levels of pollution to minimal. The program oversees 118 activities aimed at minimizing pollution at all levels of economic production. The program was prepared with participation of all enterprises in the city. For instance, the amount of water from industrial production went down from 600,000 m3 during the 1990s to 76,300 m3 in 2005
4. Astara, Azerbaijan – For the city of Astara across the border in Iran see Astara, Iran. Astara, also known as Azerbaycan Astarasi, is a city in, Astara is a short walk across the border from Astara, Iran. Astara has a subtropical climate. As the demand for broadcasting and telecommunication rises during the early 1980s. The television tower was designed, as its pinnacle is guyed to a horizontal cross-like steel structure. Astara is currently served by a gauge railway only headed north. A standard gauge connection to the Iranian railway network along the shore of the Caspian sea is planned and this break of gauge station is likely to be equipped with bogie exchange and SUW2000 variable gauge axle track gauge changing facility. Ilya Kaverin — Hero of the Soviet Union, ziya Bunyadov — Hero of the Soviet Union. Jabrayil Hasanov — Wrestling, twice European champion, Astara, Iran Astara, Azerbaijan at GEOnet Names Server World Gazetteer, Azerbaijan – World-Gazetteer. com