Pages in category "Poststructuralists"
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Naomi Schor – Naomi Schor was a noted literary critic and theorist. A pioneer of feminist theory for her generation, she is regarded as one of the foremost scholars of French literature, naomis younger sister is the artist and writer Mira Schor. At the time of her birth, Naomi Schors Polish-born parents Ilya, Ilya Schor was a painter, jeweler and artist of Judaica, and Resia Schor was a painter who later worked in silver and gold and mixed media on sculptural jewelry and Judaica. The Schors lived among a community of émigrés, among them musicians, intellectuals. Naomi Schor’s first language was French, and she went to the Lycée Français de New York where she received her Baccalauréat in 1961, the year, sadly. Schor received her B. A. in English Literature from Barnard College then received her PhD in French Literature from Yale, there Schor occasionally wrote her scholarly essays in French. Schor was one of the proponents of French psychoanalytic and deconstructive theory in American literary studies. An area of Schor’s expertise was the work of the feminist psychoanalytic theorist Luce Irigaray, with Carolyn Burke and Margaret Whitford, she edited Engaging with Irigaray, which included essays by Rosi Braidotti, Elizabeth Weed, and Judith Butler. With differences co-founder and co-editor Weed, Schor edited a number of books, including The Essential Difference in 1994. Reading in Detail, Aesthetics and the Feminine is considered one of Schor’s most influential books. Schor taught at Columbia, Brown where she held the Nancy Duke Lewis Chair from 1985 to 1989, Duke where she was the William Hanes Wannamaker Professor of Romance Studies Chair, at the time of her death Schor was the Benjamin F. Barge professor of French at Yale, Naomi Schor’s papers are part of the Pembroke Center Archives Elizabeth Weed Feminist Theory Papers collection, held at the John Hay Library at Brown University. At the time of her death she was married to R. Howard Bloch, Sterling Professor of French, a first marriage, to Breton poet Paol Keineg, ended in divorce. Bad Objects, Essays Popular and Unpopular, Duke University Press,1995, George Sand and Idealism, Gender and Culture Series, Columbia University Press,1993. Reading in Detail, Aesthetics and the Feminine, originally published by Methuen Press,1987, reissued by Taylor & Francis,2006, breaking the Chain, Women, Theory, and French Realist Fiction, Columbia University Press,1985. Zola’s Crowds, Johns Hopkins University Press,1978, decadent Subjects, The Idea of Decadence in Art, Literature, Philosophy and Culture of the Fin de Siècle in Europe, by Charles Bernheimer, eds. Jason Kline and Naomi Schor, Johns Hopkins University Press,2002, Queer Theory Meets Feminism, Indiana University Press,1997. Engaging with Irigaray, Columbia University Press,1994, the Essential Difference Naomi Schor and Elizabeth Weed, eds
2. Michel Foucault – Michel Foucault was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, philologist and literary critic. His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels and his thought has been highly influential both for academic and for activist groups, especially those working within contemporary sociology, cultural studies, and critical theory. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book and these first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called archaeology. In 1970 he was admitted to the Collège de France, membership of which he retained until his death and he also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in anti-racist campaigns, anti-human rights abuses movements, and the struggle for penal reform. He went on to publish The Archaeology of Knowledge, Discipline and Punish, in these books he developed archaeological and genealogical methods which emphasized the role which power plays in the evolution of discourse in society. Paul-Michel Foucault was born on 15 October 1926 in the city of Poitiers, west-central France and he had been named after his father, Dr. His father was a local surgeon, having been born in Fontainebleau before moving to Poitiers. She was the daughter of prosperous surgeon Dr. Prosper Malapert, Paul Foucault eventually took over his father-in-laws medical practice, while his wife took charge of their large mid-19th-century house, Le Piroir, in the village of Vendeuvre-du-Poitou. Together the couple had three children, a girl named Francine and two boys, Paul-Michel and Denys, all of whom shared the same hair and bright blue eyes. The children were raised to be nominal Roman Catholics, attending mass at the Church of Saint-Porchair, in later life, Foucault would reveal very little about his childhood. Describing himself as a delinquent, he claimed his father was a bully who would sternly punish him. In 1930, Foucault began his two years early at the local Lycée Henry-IV. Here he undertook two years of education before entering the main lycée, where he stayed until 1936. He then undertook his first four years of education at the same establishment, excelling in French, Greek, Latin and history but doing poorly at arithmetic. In 1939, the Second World War broke out and France was occupied by Nazi Germany until 1945, his parents opposed the occupation and the Vichy regime, in 1940, Foucaults mother enrolled him in the Collège Saint-Stanislas, a strict Roman Catholic institution run by the Jesuits. Lonely, he described his years there as the ordeal, but excelled academically, particularly in philosophy, history, in 1942, he entered his final year, the terminale, where he focused on the study of philosophy, earning his baccalauréat in 1943. Returning to the local Lycée Henry-IV, he studied history and philosophy for a year, aided by a personal tutor and these ideas influenced Foucault, who adopted Hyppolites conviction that philosophy must be developed through a study of history
3. Judith Butler – Judith Butler is an American philosopher and gender theorist whose work has influenced political philosophy, ethics and the fields of third-wave feminist, queer and literary theory. Since 1993, she has taught at the University of California, Berkeley, where she is now Maxine Elliot Professor in the Department of Comparative Literature and she is also the Hannah Arendt Chair at the European Graduate School. This theory has had a influence on feminist and queer scholarship. Her works are implemented in film studies courses emphasizing gender studies. Butler has actively supported lesbian and gay rights movements and has spoken out on many political issues. Judith Butler was born in Cleveland, Ohio, to a family of Hungarian and Russian Jewish descent, most of her maternal grandmothers family perished in the Holocaust. As a child and teenager, she attended both Hebrew school and special classes on Jewish ethics, where she received her first training in philosophy, could German Idealism be held accountable for Nazism. And how was one to understand existential theology, including the work of Martin Buber, Butler attended Bennington College and then Yale University where she studied philosophy, receiving her B. A. in 1978 and her Ph. D. in 1984. She spent one year at Heidelberg University as a Fulbright-Scholar. She taught at Wesleyan University, George Washington University, and Johns Hopkins University before joining University of California, Berkeley, in 2002 she held the Spinoza Chair of Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam. In this essay, Judith Butler proposes her theory of gender performativity and she begins by basing her theory of gender performativity on a feminist phenomenological point of view. She suggests that both phenomenology and feminism ground their theories in lived experience and this combination of theories is essential for founding Butlers view of theatrical or performative genders in society. Butler argues that it is valid to perceive gender as a performance in which an individual agent acts. The performative element of her theory suggests a social audience, for Butler, the script of gender performance is effortlessly transmitted generation to generation in the form of socially established meanings, She states, gender is not a radical choice. Imposed or inscribed upon the individual, given the social nature of human beings, most actions are witnessed, reproduced, and internalized and thus take on a performative or theatric quality. Currently, the actions appropriate for men and women have been transmitted to produce an atmosphere that both maintains and legitimizes a seemingly natural gender binary. Butler argues that the performance of gender itself creates gender, additionally, she compares the performativity of gender to the performance of the theater. She brings many similarities, including the idea of each individual functioning as an actor of their gender, however she also brings into light a critical difference between gender performance in reality and theater performances
4. Bell hooks – Gloria Jean Watkins, better known by her pen name bell hooks, is an American author, feminist, and social activist. The name bell hooks is derived from that of her maternal great-grandmother and she has published over 30 books and numerous scholarly articles, appeared in documentary films, and participated in public lectures. Primarily through a perspective, she has addressed race, class, and gender in education, art, history, sexuality, mass media. In 2014, she founded the bell hooks Institute at Berea College in Berea, Hooks was born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky to a working-class family. Her father, Veodis Watkins, was a custodian and her mother and she had five sisters and one brother. She graduated from Hopkinsville High School in Hopkinsville, Kentucky and she obtained her B. A. in English from Stanford University in 1973, and her M. A. in English from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1976. In 1983, after years of teaching and writing, she completed her doctorate in literature at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Hookss teaching career began in 1976 as an English professor and senior lecturer in Ethnic Studies at the University of Southern California. During her three years there, Golemics, a Los Angeles publisher, released her first published work and she adopted her grandmothers name as a pen name because her grandmother was known for her snappy and bold tongue, which greatly admired. She put the name in letters to distinguish her great-grandmother. She said that her unconventional lowercasing of her name signifies what is most important is her works and she taught at several post secondary institutions in the early 1980s, including the University of California, Santa Cruz and San Francisco State University. South End Press published her first major work, Aint I a Woman, Black Women and Feminism in 1981, though it was written years earlier, while she was an undergraduate student. In the decades since its publication, Aint I a Woman, has gained widespread recognition as an influential contribution to feminist thought. Since the publication of Aint I a Woman and she has become eminent as a leftist and postmodern political thinker and cultural critic. She targets and appeals to an audience by presenting her work in a variety of media using various writing and speaking styles. As well as having written books, she has published in scholarly and mainstream magazines, lectures at widely accessible venues. She asserts an answer to the question what is feminism. that she says is rooted in neither fear nor fantasy, Feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression. She has published more than 30 books, ranging in topics from black men, patriarchy, and masculinity to self-help, engaged pedagogy to personal memoirs, and sexuality
5. Henry Jenkins – He also has a joint faculty appointment with the USC Rossier School of Education. Previously, Jenkins was the Peter de Florez Professor of Humanities as well as co-founder co-director of the Comparative Media Studies program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and he has also served on the technical advisory board at ZeniMax Media, parent company of video game publisher Bethesda Softworks. Early Sound Comedy and the Vaudeville Aesthetic, Jenkins graduated from Georgia State University with a B. A. in Political Science and Journalism. He then earned his M. A. in Communication Studies from the University of Iowa and he and his wife Cynthia Jenkins were housemasters of the Senior House dorm at MIT before leaving MIT for the University of Southern California in May 2009. They have one son, Henry Jenkins IV, in general, Jenkins interest in media has concentrated on popular culture forms. And aims as well for a synthesis that is responsive to the distinctive emerging media culture of the 21st century. The same ethos can be found in Jenkins research across various forms of media, the dissertation became the basis of his 1992 book What Made Pistachio Nuts. Early Sound Comedy and the Vaudeville Aesthetic and it was also influenced by scholars of film aesthetics such as David Bordwell. This approach would help shape Jenkins scholarly appreciation of video games as another rising popular culture medium attracting much criticism. Jenkins, long a fan of comics, is also a scholar of the medium, Jenkins interest in comics ranges from superhero comics to alternative comics. His academic publications includes work on comics by Brian Michael Bendis, David W. Mack, Art Spiegelman, Basil Wolverton, Dean Motter, amongst others. In December 2015, it was reported by Microsoft Research New Englands Social Media Collective, Jenkins research into video games was influenced by his prior interest in the debates around emerging popular culture media forms as well as his parallel interest in childrens culture. Jenkins brings an humanist interdisciplinary perspective, drawing on, for instance, cultural studies, Jenkins role in the video game violence debate has attracted particular public attention. Media violence is not something that exists outside of a cultural and social context. Jenkins has also called for a culturally focused pedagogical response to these issues, ideally, each medium makes its own unique contribution to the unfolding of the story. This participatory engagement is seen as increasingly important given the enhanced interactive and networked communication capabilities of digital, Jenkins has highlighted the work of media scholar John Fiske as a major influence, particularly in this area of participatory culture. Jenkins has defined participatory culture as one, with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement 2. With strong support for creating and sharing one’s creations with others 3, with some type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices 4