Category:Presidents of the Royal Historical Society
Pages in category "Presidents of the Royal Historical Society"
The following 34 pages are in this category, out of 34 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 34 pages are in this category, out of 34 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare – Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare GCB PC FRS FRHistS JP DL was a British Liberal Party politician, who served in government most notably as Home Secretary and as Lord President of the Council. Henry Bruce was born at Duffryn, Aberdare, Glamorganshire, the son of John Bruce, a Glamorganshire landowner, Henry was educated from the age of twelve at the Bishop Gore School, Swansea. In 1837 he was called to the bar from Lincolns Inn, shortly after he had begun to practice, the discovery of coal beneath the Duffryn and other Aberdare Valley estates brought his family great wealth. From 1847 to 1854 Bruce was stipendiary magistrate for Merthyr Tydfil and Aberdare, resigning the position in the latter year, Bruce was returned unopposed as MP for Merthyr Tydfil in December 1852, following the death of Sir John Guest. Even so, Bruces parliamentary record demonstrated support for liberal policies, the electorate in the constituency at this time remained relatively small, excluding the vast majority of the working classes. Significantly, however, Bruces relationship with the miners of the Aberdare Valley, in particular, in a speech to a large audience of miners at the Aberdare Market Hall, Bruce sought to strike a conciliatory tone in persuading the miners to return to work. The strike damaged his reputation and may well have contributed to his election defeat ten years later. In 1855, Bruce was appointed a trustee of the Dowlais Iron Company, in November 1862, after nearly ten years in Parliament, he became Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, and held that office until April 1864. He became a Privy Councillor and a Charity Commissioner for England and Wales in 1864, at the 1868 General Election, Merthyr Tydfil became a two-member constituency with a much-increased electorate as a result of the Second Reform Act of 1867. During the 1850s and 1860s, however, the population of Aberdare grew rapidly, amongst these new electors, Bruce, as noted above, remained unpopular as a result of his actions during the 1857 -8 dispute. Initially, it appeared that the Aberdare iron master, Richard Fothergill, after losing his seat, Bruce was elected for Renfrewshire on 25 January 1869, he was made Home Secretary by William Ewart Gladstone. Being a Gladstonian Liberal, Aberdare had hoped for a more radical proposal to keep existing licensee holders for a further ten years. Its unpopularity pricked his nonconformists conscience, when like Gladstone himself he had a leaning towards Temperance. He had already pursued moral improvement on miners in the regulations attempting to further ban boys from the pits, the Trades Union Act 1871 was another more liberal regime giving further rights to unions, and protection from malicious prosecutions. The defeat of the Liberal government in the year terminated Lord Aberdares official political life. Education became one of Lord Aberdares main interests in later life and his interest had been shown by the speech on Welsh education which he had made on 5 May 1862. The report also stimulated the campaign for the provision of university education in Wales, in 1883, Lord Aberdare was elected the first president of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. In his inaugural address he declared that the framework of Welsh education would not be complete until there was a University of Wales, the University was eventually founded in 1893 and Aberdare became its first chancellor
2. George Grote – George Grote was an English political radical and classical historian. He is now best known for his work, the voluminous History of Greece. He was born at Clay Hill near Beckenham in Kent and his grandfather, Andreas, originally a Bremen merchant, was one of the founders of the banking-house of Grote, Prescott & Company in Threadneedle Street, London. In spite of Grotes school successes, his father refused to him to university. He spent all his time in the study of classics, history, metaphysics and political economy and in learning German, French. Driven by his mothers Puritanism and his fathers contempt for academic learning, he sought other friends, one of whom was Charles Hay Cameron, who strengthened him in his love of philosophy. Through another friend, George W Norman, he met his wife, Harriet Lewin, after various difficulties the marriage took place on 5 March 1820, and was a happy one. His wifes nephew was the actor William Terriss, the father of Ellaline Terriss and his brother was the moral philosopher John Grote. Meanwhile, Grote had finally decided his philosophic and political attitude, in 1817 he came under the influence of David Ricardo, and through him of James Mill and Jeremy Bentham. He settled in 1820 in an attached to the bank in Threadneedle Street. The book was published in the name of Richard Carlile, then in gaol at Dorchester, mrs Grote claimed to have first suggested the History of Greece in 1823, but the book was already in preparation in 1822. In April 1826 Grote published in the Westminster Review a criticism of William Mitfords History of Greece, from 1826 to 1830 he was hard at work with John Stuart Mill and Henry Brougham in the organization of University College London. He was a member of the council organized the faculties. In 1830, owing to a difference with Mill as to an appointment to one of the philosophical chairs and he rejoined the council in 1849 and was appointed Treasurer in 1860, then President in 1868. In his will Grote left ₤6000 as an endowment for the Chair of Philosophy of Mind and he went abroad in 1830, and spent some months in Paris with the Liberal leaders. Recalled by his fathers death, he became manager of the bank, after serving in three parliaments, he resigned in 1841, by which time his party had dwindled away. In 1846 the first two volumes of the History appeared, and the remaining ten between 1847 and the spring of 1856, in 1845, with William Molesworth and Raikes Currie, he gave money to Auguste Comte, then in financial difficulties. The formation of the Sonderbund led him to visit Switzerland and study for himself a condition of things in some sense analogous to that of the ancient Greek states
3. John Russell, 1st Earl Russell – Scion of one of the most powerful aristocratic families, his great achievements, says A. J. P. Nevertheless Russell led his Whig Party into support for reform, he was the architect of the great Reform Act of 1832. As Prime Minister his luck ran out and he headed a government that failed to deal with a famine in Ireland that caused the loss of a quarter of its population. Taylor concludes that as minister, he was not a success. Russell was born small and premature into the highest echelons of the British aristocracy, as a younger son of a Duke, he bore the courtesy title Lord John Russell, but he was not a peer in his own right. He was, therefore, able to sit in the House of Commons until he was made an earl in 1861, after being withdrawn from Westminster School due to ill health, Russell was educated by tutors. He attended the University of Edinburgh,1809 and 1812, he did not take a degree, during his continental travels, Russell had a 90-minute meeting with Napoleon in December 1814 during the former emperors exile at Elba. Russell entered the House of Commons as a Whig in 1813, in 1819, Russell embraced the cause of parliamentary reform, and led the more reformist wing of the Whigs throughout the 1820s. When the Whigs came to power in 1830 in Earl Greys government, Russell entered the government as Paymaster of the Forces, and was soon elevated to the Cabinet. He was one of the leaders of the fight for the Reform Act 1832. In 1834, when the leader of the Commons, Lord Althorp, succeeded to the peerage as Earl Spencer and this appointment prompted King William IV to terminate Lord Melbournes government, the last time in British history that a monarch dismissed a prime minister. Nevertheless Russell retained his position for the rest of the decade, during his career in Parliament, Lord John Russell represented the City of London. Taylor emphasises Russells central role in the expansion of liberty and in leading his Whig Party to a commitment to a reform agenda. In 1845, as leader of the Opposition, Russell came out in favour of repeal of the Corn Laws, in June the following year the Corn Laws were repealed but only by virtue of Whig support. The same day Peels Irish Coercion Bill, which the Whigs did not support, was defeated, Russell became Prime Minister, this time Grey not objecting to Palmerstons appointment. Russell’s government introduced reforms such as the Ten Hours Act and measures to improve the training of teachers and his premiership was frustrated, however, because of party disunity and infighting, and he was unable to secure the success of many of the measures he was interested in passing. He fought with his headstrong Foreign Secretary, Lord Palmerston, whose belligerence, in 1847 Palmerston provoked a confrontation with the French government by undermining the plans of the Spanish court to marry the young Spanish Queen and her sister into the French royal family. The Government prevailed but Palmerston came out of the affair with his popularity at new heights since he was seen as the champion of defending British citizens anywhere in the world, Palmerston was forced to resign when he recognised Napoleon IIIs coup of 2 December 1851, without royal approval
4. Robert William Seton-Watson – Robert William Seton-Watson, commonly referred to as R. W. He was the father of two eminent historians, Hugh, who specialised in nineteenth-century Russian history, and Christopher, who worked on nineteenth-century Italy, Seton-Watson was born in London to Scottish parents. His inherited wealth, of Indian origin, later assisted his activities on behalf of Europes subject peoples and he was educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford, where he read modern history under the historian and politician Herbert Fisher. He graduated with a degree in 1901. After graduation, Seton-Watson travelled to Berlin University, the Sorbonne and Vienna University and he learned Hungarian, Serbian and Czech, and, in 1908, he published his first major work, Racial Problems in Hungary. Seton-Watson became friends with the Vienna correspondent of The Times, Henry Wickham Steed, after the outbreak of the First World War, Seton-Watson took practical steps to support the causes that he had formerly supported merely in print. He served as secretary of the Serbian Relief Fund from 1914 and supported. Both founded and published The New Europe, a periodical to promote the cause of the Czechs. He assisted in the preparations for the Rome Congress of subject Habsburg peoples, following the end of the War, Seton-Watson attended the Paris Peace Conference,1919 in a private capacity, advising the representatives there of formerly subject peoples. Although the British Government was unenthusiastic about Seton-Watson, other governments were not, Masaryk became the first president of the new state of Czechoslovakia and welcomed him there. His friendship with Edvard Beneš, now Czechoslovakias foreign minister, was consolidated, yugoslavia rewarded him with an honorary degree from the University of Zagreb. Pupils were advised not to hand over their work to him, during this time, he founded and edited The Slavonic Review with Sir Bernard Pares. As a long-established partisan of Czechoslovakia, Seton-Watson was naturally a firm opponent of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlains policy of appeasement, in Britain and the Dictators, A Survey of Post-War British Policy, he made one of the most devastating attacks on this policy. After Chamberlains resignation, Seton-Watson held posts in the Foreign Research and Press Service, in 1945, Seton-Watson was appointed to the new chair of Czechoslovak Studies at Oxford University. He was president of the Royal Historical Society from 1946 to 1949, Seton-Watson and the Last Years of Austria-Hungary ISBN 0-416-74730-2, ISBN 978-0-416-74730-0 Hugh Seton-Watson, R. W. Seton-Watson and the Romanians** Péter, László. R. W. Seton-Watsons Changing Views on the National Question of the Habsburg Monarchy, Slavonic & East European Review,82,3, 655–79. A splendid Scottish-Slovak friendship, R. W. Seton-Watson and Fedor Ruppeldt, in Cornwall, Mark, Frame, Murray, Scotland and the Slavs, 103–25. Bán, András D. R. W. Seton-Watson and the Hungarian problem in Czechoslovakia, in Cornwall, Mark, Frame, Murray, Scotland and the Slavs, 127–38
5. M. E. Grant Duff – Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff GCSI CIE PC FRS, known as M. E. Grant Duff before 1887 and as Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff thereafter, was a Scottish politician, administrator and author. He served as the Under-Secretary of State for India from 1868 to 1874, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1880 to 1881 and he was born in Eden, Aberdeenshire on 21 February 1829 to distinguished British historian James Grant Duff. He had his education at Grange School and Balliol College, Oxford and he practised and taught law for a short time before starting a political life and entering the House of Commons as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Elgin Burghs. His abilities won him government positions and he was Under-Secretary of State for India, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, on his return from Madras, he retired from politics and served in various art and scientific societies. He travelled extensively and wrote voluminously and he was made a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire and a Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. He died on 12 January 1906 at the age of 76 and he was named after Mountstuart Elphinstone whom James Grant Duff regarded as his mentor. He had his schooling at Edinburgh Academy and Grange School and at Balliol College and he completed his masters degree in 1853. During these years he experienced problems with his vision, and for the rest of his life he relied on the sight of others and he studied law at the Inns of Court and passed with honours, appearing next to James Fitzjames Stephen. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple, London on 17 November 1854, during this time he lectured at the Working Mens College and wrote for the Saturday Review. Soon afterwards, he entered politics and joined the Liberal Party, in the 1857 election he was elected to the House of Commons as the Liberal Partys candidate for Elgin Burghs. He was a member of the House of Commons from 1857 to 1881, as a parliamentarian, he took up the cause of education in his constituency and gave regular annual speeches on foreign policy. In order to make these speeches as informative and realistic, he took trips abroad to study the situation in foreign countries and his proficiency and expertise on foreign issues won him positions in the foreign ministry. Sir Charles W. Dilke declined the role of Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Gladstone refused but appointed Grant Duff as Under-Secretary of State for India on 8 December 1868. A position he filled until 1874 when the Liberal Party government of Gladstone resigned and he worked well with the Secretary of State Argyll, their relationship was described by Duthie as ‘rather deliberately obedient to Argyll, and always in agreement with him on policy’. During Grant Duffs tenure, the Kuka insurrection broke out in India, the massacre of 50 rebelling Kukas sparked outrage in Parliament and Grant Duff was compelled to accept responsibility. When Gladstone was voted back to power in 1880, Grant Duff was appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies and he served till 26 June 1881, when he was appointed Governor of Madras. During this time, he served on Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council. He was captivated by the beach at Madras on a visit to the city
6. Theodore Plucknett – Theodore Frank Thomas Plucknett was a British legal historian who was the first ever chair of legal history at the London School of Economics. Plucknett was born on 2 January 1897 in Bristol, Plucknett completed his early education at Alderman Newtons School in Leicester and then Bacup and Rawstenstall school in Newchurch, Lancashire. He completed his degree in History at London University and graduated with second class honours and he later completed his masters at University College London before his twenty-first birthday. He was also awarded the Alexander prize of the Royal Historical Society, for his masters Plucknetts speciality was the fifteenth-century council, he would later go on to write his PhD thesis on Statutes and their Interpretation in the First Half of the Fourteenth Century. He received his PhD from Emmanuel College, Cambridge and studied under the tutorship of H. D. Hazeltine, with Plucknetts PhD came an LLB degree, which helped him get into Harvard Law School. Whilst studying at Harvard he took no courses, and instead only studied and he arrived at the school as a student in 1920 and by 1923 was an instructor. By 1926 he had graduated to an assistant professor, a position he held until 1931, the book had been dictated and edited in a matter of weeks. When Plucknett arrived at the London School of Economics, he became the first ever holder of the chair of legal history. He was to remain in position until his retirement in 1963. He succeeded William Holdsworth as Literary Director of the Selden Society and was followed by S. F. C, in 1950 Plucknett was awarded a fellowship at University College London and in 1950 he was made an honorary fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He also received degrees from both Glasgow University, Birmingham University and Cambridge. In later life colleagues would describe Plucknett as distant and he maintained the history of law had nothing to do with its practical application and was quoted as saying that It is still too often said that English law can only be understood historically. Now English law may be bad, but is it really as bad as that, Plucknett officially retired from teaching in 1963 due to poor health and died at his home in Crescent Road, Wimbledon, London SW19 on 14 February 1965. Concise History of the Common Law
7. George Walter Prothero – Sir George Walter Prothero, KBE was an English historian, writer, and academic, and served as the president of the Royal Historical Society from 1901 to 1905. Prothero was born in Wiltshire, and was educated at Eton, studying Classics at Kings College at the University of Cambridge and he went on to become a Fellow of Kings College, working as a history lecturer there from 1876. In 1894, he became the first Professor of Modern History at the University of Edinburgh and he held this position for five years before moving to London to take the place of his brother, Lord Ernle, as the editor of the Quarterly Review, a political periodical. With A. W. Ward and Stanley Mordaunt Leathes he edited the Cambridge Modern History between 1901 and 1912, in 1903 he was invited to give the Rede Lecture, on which occasion he spoke on the topic of Napoleon III and the Second French Empire. In 1904-1906 he was a member of the Royal Commission for Ecclesiastical Discipline, following the outbreak of World War I, Prothero worked as Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office, and in this capacity attended the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. For his services to the war effort, he was created Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1920 and he was married to Mary Butcher, one of the 12 members of the Ladies Dining Society. Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh
8. Royal Historical Society – The Royal Historical Society is a learned society of the United Kingdom which advances scholarly studies of history. The society was founded and received its Royal Charter in 1868, until 1872 it was known as the Historical Society. In 1897, it merged with the Camden Society, founded in 1838 and it is now based at University College London. In its origins, and for years afterwards, the society was effectively a gentlemens club. It now exists to promote historical research worldwide, representing historians engaged in professional research, the society provides a varied programme of lectures and one-day and two-day conferences covering various kinds of historical issues. It convenes in London and from time to time throughout the United Kingdom. The societys membership comprises honorary vice-presidents, fellows, corresponding fellows, members and its archives at Senate House include many records of international as well as British history. The society encourages, promotes and sponsors research, academic or otherwise. The society, in consultation with the Historical Association and with the History at Universities Defence Group, liaises with HM Government, historiography of the United Kingdom Camden Society Taylor Milne, Alexander. A Centenary Guide to the Publications of the Royal Historical Society 1868–1968, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks. Official website List of Presidents Bibliography of British and Irish History
9. Frank Stenton – Sir Frank Merry Stenton was a 20th-century historian of Anglo-Saxon England, and president of the Royal Historical Society. He was the author of Anglo-Saxon England, a volume of the Oxford History of England, first published in 1943 and he delivered the Ford Lectures at Oxford University in 1929. Stenton was a professor of history at the University of Reading, in November 2008, it was announced that a new hall of residence to be constructed on that campus would be named Stenton Hall, in his honour. She was an historian in her own right, producing English Society in the Early Middle Ages for the Pelican History of England and he was educated at Keble College, Oxford, and was elected an Honorary Fellow in 1947. He was knighted in the 1948 New Year Honours, and received the accolade from King George VI at Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1948. Stentons papers, together with those of his wife Lady Doris Stenton, their library, works by or about Frank Stenton at Internet Archive Stenton Papers Stenton Library Stenton Coin Collection Stenton