Category:Principals of the University of St Andrews
Pages in category "Principals of the University of St Andrews"
The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. David Brewster – Sir David Brewster KH PRSE FRS FSA FSSA MICE was a Scottish physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, writer, historian of science and university principal. Most noted for his contributions to the field of optics, he studied the double refraction by compression and discovered the photoelastic effect, for his work, William Whewell dubbed him the Father of modern experimental optics and the Johannes Kepler of Optics. He is well-recognized for being the inventor of the kaleidoscope and a version of the stereoscope applied to photography. He called it the lenticular stereoscope, which was the first portable and he also invented the binocular camera, two types of polarimeters, the polyzonal lens and the lighthouse illuminator. A prominent figure in the popularization of science, he is considered one of the founders of the British Association, in addition, he became the public face of higher education in Scotland, acting as Principal of the University of St Andrews and then Edinburgh between 1837 and 1868. Brewster also edited the 18-volume Edinburgh Encyclopædia, David Brewster was born at the Canongate in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, to Margaret Key and James Brewster, the rector of Jedburgh Grammar School and a teacher of high reputation. David was the third of six children, two daughters and four sons, James, minister at Craig, Ferryden, David, George, minister at Scoonie, Fife, and Patrick, minister at the abbey church, Paisley. At the age of 12, David was sent to the University of Edinburgh and he was licensed a minister of the Church of Scotland, but only preached from the pulpit on one occasion. Though Brewster duly finished his studies and was licensed to preach. In 1799 fellow-student Henry Brougham persuaded him to study the diffraction of light, the results of his investigations were communicated from time to time in papers to the Philosophical Transactions of London and other scientific journals. A lesser-known classmate of his, Thomas Dick, also went on to become a popular astronomical writer, as early as 1807 the degree of LL. D. In 1821, he was made a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. As a reflection of this fame, Brewster portrait was printed in some cigar boxes. Brewster chose renowned achromatic lens developer Philip Carpenter as the manufacturer of the kaleidoscope in 1817. Although Brewster patented the kaleidoscope in 1817, a copy of the prototype was shown to London opticians, as a consequence, the kaleidoscope became produced in large numbers, but yielded no direct financial benefits to Brewster. It proved to be a success with two hundred thousand kaleidoscopes sold in London and Paris in just three months. A much more valuable and practical result of Brewsters optical researches was the improvement of the British lighthouse system, although Brewsters own discoveries were important, they were not his only service to science. He began writing in 1799 as a contributor to the Edinburgh Magazine
2. James Donaldson (classical scholar) – Sir James Donaldson FRSE LLD, was a Scottish classical scholar, and educational and theological writer. He was born in Aberdeen on 26 April 1831 and he was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School, Marischal College, Aberdeen, New College, London, and Berlin University. In 1854 he was appointed Rector of the Stirling High School where he remained for two years, before leaving for the Royal High School of Edinburgh, of which he was appointed Rector in 1866. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1867 and he became in 1881 Professor of Humanity in the University of Aberdeen, and in 1890 Principal of the University of St Andrews by the Universities Act. He died on 9 March 1915. and is buried with his wife in the churchyard of St Andrews Cathedral and he also has a memorial in the Church of St John the Evangelist, Edinburgh. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds
3. James David Forbes – James David Forbes FRS FRSE FGS was a Scottish physicist and glaciologist who worked extensively on the conduction of heat and seismology. Forbes was a resident of Edinburgh for most of his life, educated at the University and he invented the seismometer in 1842. Forbes was born at 86 George Street in Edinburgh, the son of Sir William Forbes, 7th Baronet, of Monymusk and Pitsligo. His brothers were the advocate and agriculturalist Sir John Stuart Hepburn Forbes of Fettercairn and Pitsligo and he entered the University of Edinburgh in 1825, and soon afterwards began to contribute papers to the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal anonymously under the signature Δ. At the age of nineteen he became a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, at this time he maintained correspondence with Sir David Brewster, who encouraged him to pursue an original research in science. In 1859 he was appointed successor to Brewster in the principalship of the United College of St. Andrews, as a scientific investigator he is best known for his researches on heat and on glaciers. Between 1836 and 1844 he published in the Trans, a notable defender of Forbes in this controversy was John Ruskin, the two having first met by coincidence in 1844 during a study tour of the Alps. During these expeditions, he made measurements of the boiling point of water at various altitudes. It emphasises the importance of residuals analysis in linear regression as the residuals manifest an outlier that is not apparent in an inspection of the raw data. Forbes was also interested in geology, and published memoirs on the springs of the Pyrenees, on the extinct volcanoes of the Vivarais, on the geology of the Cuchullin and Eildon hills. He was also the author of the Dissertation on the Progress of Mathematical and Physical Science, the Forbes River and Forbes Glaciers in New Zealand are named after him as is Aiguille Forbes between the Glacier de Saleina and the Glacier du Tour in the Mont Blanc massif. He is buried in Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh, the grave is marked by a simple but large grey granite Celtic cross and lies on the south side of the main path just west of the roundel. His wife, Alicia Wauchope, is buried with him and his cousins were Scottish Episcopal Church leaders Alexander Penrose Forbes and George Hay Forbes. His son was the scientist Prof George Forbes, travels through the Alps of Savoy and Other Parts of the Pennine Chain, with Observations on the Phenomena of Glaciers. A Tour of Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa, occasional Papers on the Theory of Glaciers. Shairp, John Campbell, Tait, Peter Guthrie, Adams-Reilly, life and Letters of James David Forbes. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh
4. Robert Haldane (mathematician) – The Very Rev Robert Haldane DD FRSE was a British mathematician and minister of the Church of Scotland. He was the son of a farmer at Overtown, Lecropt, on the borders of Perthshire and Stirlingshire and he was educated at the school in Dunblane, and then at Glasgow University. Haldane became a tutor, first in the family at Leddriegreen, Strathblane. On 5 December 1797, he was licensed as a preacher by the presbytery of Auchterarder, in August 1806, he was presented to the church of Drummelzier, in the presbytery of Peebles, and was ordained on 19 March 1807. When the chair of mathematics became vacant in the University of St. Andrews in 1807, Haldane was appointed to the professorship, and resigned his charge at Drummelzier on 2 October 1809. He remained in the post till 1820, when he was promoted by the crown to the charge of St. Andrews parish, vacant by the death of Principal George Hill. As principal he was ex officio primarius professor of divinity, on 17 May 1827 Haldane was elected moderator of the general assembly of the church of Scotland. At the time of the disruption of 1843 Haldane was called to the ad interim. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1820, his proposers being George Dunbar, Robert Jameson, Alexander Brunton and Patrick Neill. He died at St. Marys College, St. Andrews, on 9 March 1854, in his eighty-third year, the grave lies on the north wall just left of the distinctive white military memorial to Lt Col Sir Hugh Lyon Playfair. Haldanes marble inscription is badly eroded and his portrait was in the hall of the university library at St. Andrews. He was succeeded by John Tulloch, haldanes only publication was a small work relating to the condition of the poor in St. Andrews. OConnor, John J. Robertson, Edmund F. Robert Haldane, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Stephen, Leslie, Lee, Sidney, eds
5. John Herkless – Sir John Herkless was a Principal and Vice Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews and Principal of United College of St Salvator and St Leonard from 1915 to 1920. He was knighted in 1917 and was the author of books mainly of an ecclesiastical nature. He was born in Glasgow on 9 August 1855, the son of William Herkless and he was educated in the High School of Glasgow before entering Glasgow University. He did not distinguish himself as a student and he left without a degree, however, he studied the arts and attended medical classes. Though he disliked mathematics, he was fond of philosophy and he then studied for the ministry and was duly licensed as a minister. He lectured on English Literature at Queen Margaret College, Glasgow and this lasted till 1883 when he was appointed as minister to the parish of Tannadice in Angus. Herkless also held the post of Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the University of St Andrews, during his career he wrote several books including, The Archbishops of St Andrews which he co-wrote with Robert Hannay and Francis and Dominic and the Mendicant Orders. His chief recreation was golf and he was a member of the Royal and he died in Dundee on 11 June 1920. Andrews Cardinal Beaton, Priest and Politician, London, William Blackwood & Sons,1891, richard Cameron, Edinburgh, Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, May 1896. Francis and Dominic and the Mendicant Orders, Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark,1901, the Early Christian Martyrs and their Persecutions, London, J. M. Dent,1904. The Archbishops of St. Andrews, Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood & Sons,1907
6. George Hill (minister) – Rev Prof George Hill DD FRSE was a Minister of St Andrews. He was Principal of St Marys College, St Andrews as well as Dean of the Chapel Royal, George Hill was born on 27 May 1750 in St Andrews. His father, Rev John Hill, was one of the ministers of that town and he was the eldest son of his second wife, Jean MCormick, but had older siblings from the first marriage, including John Hill. His sister, Janet Hill, was the mother of Rev George Cook and his family was intermarried with the other academic and clerical families in the town. George was educated with and mixed socially with the aristocracy, including Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, later Lord Chancellor. Both of these were very influential in the Crown patronage networks operated by Henry Dundas and he was educated at St Andrews Grammar School, then entered St Andrews University when he was eleven years old. There he displayed a memory and an aptitude for mathematics. He had intended to go on to study Divinity but his father died when he was in his second year, however, he went on to graduate M. A. when he was fourteen. While there, he was absorbed by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland when it met there in the spring. He told his mother spend most of my time there and have been highly entertained and he mixed with all the stars of the Scottish Enlightenment while in Edinburgh, being particularly repelled by what he thought were the vulgar manners and conversation of the philosopher David Hume. He returned to St Andrews and became, on 21 May 1772, just short of his 22nd birthday and he lectured once a fortnight, going over homework assignments in the intervening week. He also organised dancing assemblies to keep them entertained, as well as entertaining supper parties to which the professors were invited. He was a success in the pulpit, committing whole written sermons to his memory as he was too short sighted to read them out. In 1775, he was offered the living of Coldstream by the Earl of Haddington, a pupil of his fathers, in 1778, he was ordained by the Presbytery of Haddington. He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity on 7 May 1787, on 2 January 1788, he became Professor of Divinity at St Marys College. He was made Dean of the Chapel Royal instead, with an additional stipend, three years later, on 27 July 1791 he was appointed Principal of St Marys College, while retaining his second charge Ministers post. In 1808, upon the death of the incumbent, Hill was moved to the more lucrative first charge of St Andrews. When he became a minister and progressed as an academic, his influence in the assembly grew and his speaking skills were considerable and had always been an excellent networker, noted for his conciliatory approach