Category:Pritzker School of Medicine alumni
Pages in category "Pritzker School of Medicine alumni"
The following 49 pages are in this category, out of 49 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 49 pages are in this category, out of 49 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. University of Chicago – The University of Chicago is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. It holds top-ten positions in national and international rankings and measures. The university currently enrolls approximately 5,700 students in the College, Chicagos physics department helped develop the worlds first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction beneath the viewing stands of universitys Stagg Field. The university is home to the University of Chicago Press. With an estimated date of 2020, the Barack Obama Presidential Center will be housed at the university. Both Harper and future president Robert Maynard Hutchins advocated for Chicagos curriculum to be based upon theoretical and perennial issues rather than on applied sciences, the University of Chicago has many prominent alumni. 92 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the university as professors, students, faculty, or staff, similarly,34 faculty members and 16 alumni have been awarded the MacArthur “Genius Grant”. Rockefeller on land donated by Marshall Field, while the Rockefeller donation provided money for academic operations and long-term endowment, it was stipulated that such money could not be used for buildings. The original physical campus was financed by donations from wealthy Chicagoans like Silas B, Cobb who provided the funds for the campus first building, Cobb Lecture Hall, and matched Marshall Fields pledge of $100,000. Organized as an independent institution legally, it replaced the first Baptist university of the same name, william Rainey Harper became the modern universitys first president on July 1,1891, and the university opened for classes on October 1,1892. The business school was founded thereafter in 1898, and the law school was founded in 1902, Harper died in 1906, and was replaced by a succession of three presidents whose tenures lasted until 1929. During this period, the Oriental Institute was founded to support, in 1896, the university affiliated with Shimer College in Mount Carroll, Illinois. The agreement provided that either party could terminate the affiliation on proper notice, several University of Chicago professors disliked the program, as it involved uncompensated additional labor on their part, and they believed it cheapened the academic reputation of the university. The program passed into history by 1910, in 1929, the universitys fifth president, Robert Maynard Hutchins, took office, the university underwent many changes during his 24-year tenure. In 1933, Hutchins proposed a plan to merge the University of Chicago. During his term, the University of Chicago Hospitals finished construction, also, the Committee on Social Thought, an institution distinctive of the university, was created. Money that had been raised during the 1920s and financial backing from the Rockefeller Foundation helped the school to survive through the Great Depression, during World War II, the university made important contributions to the Manhattan Project. The university was the site of the first isolation of plutonium and of the creation of the first artificial, in the early 1950s, student applications declined as a result of increasing crime and poverty in the Hyde Park neighborhood
2. Bruce Beutler – Bruce Alan Beutler is an American immunologist and geneticist. Together with Jules A. Hoffmann, he received one-half of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Beutler is currently Director of the Center for the Genetics of Host Defense at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Between 1959 and 1977, Beutler lived in Southern California and he received his secondary school education at Polytechnic School in Pasadena, California. He attended college at the University of California, San Diego and he enrolled in medical school at the University of Chicago in 1977 and received his M. D. degree in 1981 at the age of 23. During his childhood and early adolescent years, Beutler developed a lasting interest in biological science. In addition, he worked in the laboratories of Abraham Braude, an expert in the biology of lipopolysaccharide, also known as endotoxin, and Patricia Spear, an authority on Herpes simplex virus. Later, Beutler was to perform research on both LPS and herpesviruses, aimed principally at understanding inborn host resistance to infectious diseases, often referred to as innate immunity. Beutler majored in biology as an undergraduate at the University of California, San Diego and he attended medical school at the University of Chicago. Between 1983 and 1985 he was a fellow at Rockefeller University in the laboratory of Anthony Cerami. He became an Assistant Professor at Rockefeller University in 1985 and he was also an Associate Physician at the Rockefeller University Hospital between 1984 and 1986. He became a professor and an associate investigator with HHMI in 1990. In 2000, Beutler moved to The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, in 2007, he became chairman of the newly created Department of Genetics at Scripps Research. In 2011, Beutler returned to UT Southwestern Medical Center to become director of the Center for the Genetics of Host Defense, on October 4,2011, Beutler was named regental professor of the University of Texas System. He also sits on the Selection Committee for Life Science and Medicine which chooses winners of the Shaw Prize, Beutler is best known for his pioneering molecular and genetic studies of inflammation and innate immunity. He was the first to isolate mouse tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and to demonstrate the potential of this cytokine. These molecules were used extensively as the drug Etanercept in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, Crohns disease, psoriasis. Interested in the mechanism by which LPS activates mammalian immune cells, identification of the receptor hinged on the positional cloning of the mammalian Lps locus, which had been known since the 1960s as a key genetic determinant of all biological responses to LPS. The TLRs are now known to function in the perception of microbes
3. Sara Branham Matthews – Sara Elizabeth Branham Matthews was an American microbiologist and physician best known for her research into the isolation and treatment of Neisseria meningitidis, a causative organism of meningitis. Branham was born July 25,1888 in Oxford, Georgia, like her mother and grandmother had done, she attended Wesleyan College and graduated with a B. S. degree in biology in 1907. She became a teacher, working for ten years in Georgias public school system. She was hired by the University of Colorado in 1917 as a bacteriology teacher, since there was a shortage of men from the department during World War I. She completed a second B. S. degree at the university in 1919, majoring in chemistry and zoology, broadly, her research was based in the field of infectious diseases, including influenza, salmonella, shigella, diphtheria, dysentery, and psittacosis. The main focus of Branhams work at the NIH, however, was meningitis and she is credited with the discovery and isolation of Neisseria meningitidis, a common causative organism of meningitis, as well as the discovery that the infection could be treated with sulfa drugs. Her studies in infectious disease were nationally known, and she came to be considered as one of the ladies of microbiology. Branham retired from the NIH in 1958 at the age of seventy from the position of Chief of the Section on Bacterial Toxins and she was married to Philip S. Matthews. Branham was awarded Wesleyan Colleges first Distinguished Service Award in 1950, in 1959, she was honored as the American Medical Womens Associations Medical Woman of the Year, and in 1992 she was named as one of the Georgia Women of Achievement. Her papers are held at the National Library of Medicine
4. Miles J. Breuer – Miles John Breuer was an American physician and science fiction writer. His best known works are The Gostak and the Doshes and two stories written jointly with Jack Williamson, The Girl from Mars and The Birth of a New Republic. Breuer was born in Chicago, in 1889, to Charles and Barbara Breuer, the family moved to Nebraska in 1893 while Charles pursued a medical degree at Creighton University in Omaha, and Miles grew up in the Czech community of Crete, Nebraska. Miles graduated from Crete High School in 1906, and went on to earn a degree from the University of Texas in 1911. After earning a degree from Rush Medical College which at the time was at the University of Chicago in 1915. In 1916 Miles married Julia Strejic and the couple had three children, Rosalie, Stanley, and Mildred, during World War I Miles Breuer served for twenty months in France as a first lieutenant in the Army Medical Corps. In 1925 he published a handbook called Index of Physiotherapeutic Technic, Breuer suffered a nervous breakdown in December 1942, and shortly afterwards moved to Los Angeles, where he continued his medical practice until 1945, when he died after a brief illness. Breuers first published work of fiction was a Czech-language story called The Man Without an Appetite that appeared in the monthly Bratrsky Vestnik about 1916, Breuer had long been interested in scientific romances, particularly those by H. G. Wells. A great majority were published in Amazing Stories and Amazing Stories Quarterly, several of Breuers stories have been included in anthologies and in 2008 Michael R. Jack Williamson called Breuer among the first and best of the amateurs whose work Gernsback began to print. This list is limited to fiction as cataloged by the Internet Speculative Fiction Database. For Breuer as author or co-author, ISFDB lists the following one 1916 story and 44 items published from 1927 to 1942 and it also catalogs ten letters to Amazing Stories and one to Wonder Stories, all 1927–31, and one 1930 illustration. The Man Without an Appetite, Great Science Fiction About Doctors, ed. Noah D. Fabricant and Groff Conklin, the Man with the Strange Head, Amazing Stories, January 1927. The Stone Cat, Amazing Stories, September 1927, the Riot at Sanderac, Amazing Stories, December 1927. The Puzzle Duel, Amazing Stories Quarterly, Winter 1928, the Appendix and the Spectacles, Amazing Stories, December 1928. Reprinted in The Science Fiction Galaxy, ed. Groff Conklin, Perma Books,1950, The Mathematical Magpie, ed. Clifton Fadiman, Simon & Schuster,1962, the Captured Cross-Section, Amazing Stories, February 1929. Buried Treasure, Amazing Stories, April 1929, the Book of Worlds, Amazing Stories, July 1929. Rays and Men, Amazing Stories Quarterly, Summer 1929, the Girl from Mars, Science Fiction Series #1, November 1929. Reprinted in The Early Williamson, Jack Williamson, Doubleday,1975, The Metal Man and Others, The Collected Stories of Jack Williamson, Volume One, Jack Williamson, a Baby on Neptune, Amazing Stories, December 1929
5. Richard R. Taylor – Dr. Richard Ray Taylor was a Lieutenant General in the United States military and served as the 33rd Surgeon General of the United States Army. Born on November 21,1922 in Prairieburg, Iowa and he was raised in the small town of Norton, Kansas. His father and two of his four brothers were physicians and his father, Charles Fletcher Taylor, MD was the Superintendent of the State Sanitatorium for Tuberculosis, where his brother, David Taylor, MD also served on staff for a time. His mother, Harriet Taylor, was Kansas mother of the year and was known for keeping the family together. Dr. Taylor was one of eight siblings and his youngest brother, Danny, died in an automobile accident while he was an architecture student at the University of Kansas. Richard Taylor graduated with a BS from the University of Chicago in 1944 and he worked his way up in ranks in the army from First Lieutenant in 1946 to Colonel in 1964, and eventually to Surgeon General of the US Army in October 1973. He was also in charge of M. A. S. H and he died on November 8,1978 at Arlington Hospital in Arlington, Virginia. His first wife died of polio in the 1950s and he is survived by his wife, Frances Colby Taylor, his daughter, Carolyn Jean, and his four sons, Richard Ray Jr. Colby Fletcher, Bryan Dudley, and David Webster. Lieutenant General Richard R. Taylor´s ribbon bar
6. Pritzker School of Medicine – The Pritzker School of Medicine is the M. D. granting unit of the Biological Sciences Division of the University of Chicago. It is located on the Universitys main campus in the historic Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, the medical school offers a full-time Doctor of Medicine degree program, joint degree programs, graduate medical education, and continuing medical education. As one of the most selective schools in the United States. In 1916, the University Board of Trustees set aside $5.3 million for its development, with construction complete in 1927, the school matriculated its first class of medical students. Following a $16 million gift from the Pritzker family of Chicago to the University of Chicago, for the entering Class of 2016-2017,5,640 people applied and 719 interviewed for 88 spots in the class. Accepted applicants had a median GPA of 3.88 and median MCAT score of 520, the Pritzker School of Medicine offers the Doctor of Medicine degree. The schools primary teaching hospital is the University of Chicago Medical Center, in July 2008, Pritzker entered into a teaching affiliation with NorthShore University HealthSystem. According to the April 2015 print issue of Discover magazine, it is the home to the Sleep, Metabolism, and Health Center in the Department of Medicine, directed by Eve Van Cauter. Joseph Ransohoff, class of 1941, pioneer in the field of neurosurgery, founder of the first neurosurgical intensive care unit, chief of neurosurgery at N. Y. U. Medical Center Janet Rowley, class of 1948, American human geneticist and the first scientist to identify a chromosomal translocation as the cause of leukemia and other cancers
7. David Bodian – David Bodian was an American medical scientist at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine who worked in polio research. In the early 1940s he helped lay the groundwork for the development of polio vaccines by combining neurological research with the study of the pathogenesis of polio. With his understanding of the disease, he made a series of discoveries that paved the way for the final development of a vaccine by Jonas Salk. David Bodian was born in St. Louis to Jewish parents who had immigrated from the Ukraine. He grew up in Chicago, where he attended public school. In 1929 Bodian took up the study of science at the University of Chicago, after spending some months at the University of Michigan as a National Research Council Fellow, he came to Johns Hopkins University in 1939 as a research fellow in anatomy. He was the Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Epidemiology from 1948 until 1957, Bodian advanced from Assistant Professor in epidemiology to Associate Professor in 1946, and became Professor of Anatomy and director of the department in 1957. When he accepted the position of emeritus of anatomy and neurobiology in the Department of Laryngology and Otology in 1977. In his later work, Bodian studied the structure within the cochlea known as the Organ of Corti. David Bodian married Elinor Widmont, an illustrator and painter who contributed illustrations to some of Bodian’s published articles. Bodian died of Parkinsons disease in September 1992, over the next twenty years, the Hopkins team made a series of discoveries, several of which were crucial for the development of a vaccine against polio. Their publication on the “Differentiation of Types of Poliomyelitis Viruses, ” in the American Journal of Hygiene in 1949 became a milestone in the development of new polio vaccine methods. The contributions of Bodian, Morgan, and Howe thus laid the groundwork for the subsequent development of the Salk. In 1941 Bodian received the E. Mead Johnson Award in Pediatrics from the American Academy of Pediatrics, in 1958, he was inducted along with his colleagues Howe and Morgan and twelve other polio experts into the Polio Hall of Fame at the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1958, and he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1968 and the American Philosophical Society in 1973. In 1985, the Society honored him with the Karl Spencer Lashley Award, in 1980, the Johns Hopkins University dedicated the Bodian Room in recognition of his contributions to polio research. ”National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir David Oshinsky, Polio, An American Story. Oxford University Press,2005 ISBN 0-19-515294-8, elizabeth Fee, Manon Perry, David Bodian in, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Vol.150, NO. 1, March 2006 pp. 167–172, also as PDF-File
8. Robert M. Chanock – Chanock was born July 8,1924 in Chicago. His post-secondary plans were to study physics, when he was drafted by the United States Army in 1943, he was given the choice of attending medical school with his course of study paid for by the military or going to the front lines. Chanock passed the examination and graduated from the University of Chicago in 1945. He did his internship at Highland Hospital in Oakland and trained in pediatrics at the University of Chicago, after completing his medical training, he did a fellowship Cincinnatis Childrens Hospital, where he worked under Albert Sabin, who called Chanock his star scientific son. He returned to Childrens Hospital after being released from Army duty, asked the best means to prevent the disease, Chanock quipped one thing you can tell them is to have their babies in the spring. A research team led by Chanock announced in 1962 the discovery one of the causes of atypical pneumonia is Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Chanock was named head of the NIAIDs Laboratory of Infectious Diseases in 1968, efforts were underway to create a vaccine to deal with dengue fever, though efforts to create immunizations for para-influenza viruses and respiratory syncytial virus were unsuccessful. Chanock was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences in 1973 and he was also honored with the Robert Koch Prize, the Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal, the E. Mead Johnson Award, the Public Health Services Meritorious Service Medal, in 1972, he was presented with the Gorgas Medal from the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States. A resident of Bethesda, Maryland, Chanock died at age 86 on July 30,2010, at a living facility in Sykesville, Maryland. He was survived by a son, Stephen Chanock, and four grandchildren
9. Jesse Ehrenfeld – Jesse Menachem Ehrenfeld is an American physician. He is also a former Vice-President of the Massachusetts Society of Anesthesiologists, a 2008 recipient of the AMA Foundation Leadership Award, Ehrenfeld is a leading researcher in the field of biomedical informatics. Ehrenfeld’s research interests include bioinformatics and the application of technology to increase patient safety in the operating room environment. Ehrenfeld’s work has led to the presentation of over 200 abstracts at national/international meetings and he currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Medical Systems. Born in Wilmington, DE, Ehrenfeld attended high school at Phillips Academy in Andover, a board certified anesthesiologist, he holds a Bachelor of Science from Haverford College, an MD from the University of Chicago, and a Master of Public Health degree from Harvard University. He completed his Internship in Internal Medicine, Residency in Anesthesiology and he is Board Certified in both Anesthesiology and Clinical Informatics. and the American Medical Association. He was the director of the Anesthesia Fellowship in Biomedical Informatics at the Massachusetts General Hospital. He currently serves on the Board of Trustees of the American Medical Association and he is currently Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Surgery, Biomedical Informatics, and Health Policy at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Ehrenfeld is active in the LGBT community, and is a Log Cabin Republican and he directs the Vanderbilt Program for LGBTI Health A Commander in the U. S. Navy, Ehrenfeld serves as a medical reserve officer. On April 7,2008 Ehrenfeld was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Naval Reserve, initially assigned to Portsmouth Naval Medical Center, he served as a medical corps officer at an Operational Health Support Unit in Newport, Rhode Island. He was later assigned to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center and he completed Direct Commissioning Officer School at the U. S. Naval Training Center in Newport, Rhode Island. In 2014, Ehrenfeld was called to duty and served a tour in Kandahar. The extraordinary care Ehrenfeld provided enabled at least three critically injured servicemembers to be stabilized and airlifted home, without his presence, several of those who were injured would not have survived. His fearless dedication and commitment to caring for others, even in the face of fire, led to Ehrenfelds receipt of several service medals from the U. S. Navy. Within hours, the event was being reported by news outlets all over the world and by the afternoon the White House chimed in with its enthusiastic support. He enjoys photography, running and traveling with his partner, jesse Ehrenfelds Website Articles on Pubmed Published Books AMA Foundation Leadership Award New England Journal of Medicine Masthead
10. Anne Searls De Groot – Anne Searls De Groot is a physician, Immunologist and entrepreneur. She is the co-founder and CEO/CSO of the immunoinformatics company EpiVax, prior to EpiVax, she was a professor at Brown University, where she established the TB/HIV Research Lab. While at Brown University, De Groot worked with Gabriel Meister and Bill Jesdale to develop the EpiMer and these were among the first motif-based and matrix-based, fully automated T cell epitope mapping tools. Additional tools were developed that automated genome sequence analysis for highly conserved, immungenic epitopes, EpiVax was founded with an initial grant from the Slater Biotechnology Foundation. During the 1998-2008 period, EpiVax became a known for innovative, collaborative research in computational vaccinology. De Groot was invited to establish a new Institute at the University of Rhode Island in 2008 and she currently directs the Institute for Immunology and Informatics at the University of Rhode Island, the GAIA Vaccine Foundation and the Clinica Esperanza. She currently teaches a course at the University of Rhode Island downtown campus. Dr. Anne De Groot graduated from Smith College in 1978 with a BA, De Groot is board certified in Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease. She is the volunteer Medical Director and currently practices Internal Medicine at the Clinica Esperanza, annie De Groot and Bill Martin founded EpiVax in 1998 to use bioinformatics to design epitope-driven vaccines and expanded to offer immunogenicity screening services for protein therapeutics. De Groot, Martin and Dr. Leonard Moise discovered regulatory T cell epitopes, called “Tregitopes”, De Groot, Martin and Moise also developed the JanusMatrix tool, that identifies regions of immune camouflage used by pathogens to escape immune response. Her current work at the Clinica Esperanza includes the nurse-run CHEER Clinic, Clinica Esperanza is a volunteer-run free clinic for uninsured adults located in the Olneyville neighborhood of Providence, RI. It provides culturally-attuned and sensitive medical care to more than 9,000 patients since its founding in 2007, 80% of whom are native Spanish speakers
11. Donald Hopkins – Donald R. Hopkins is a Bahamian American physician, a MacArthur Fellow and is the Vice President and Director of Health Programs at The Carter Center. He graduated from Morehouse College with a B. S. from the University of Chicago with a Doctor of Medicine and he studied at the Institute of European Studies, University of Vienna. From 1984 to 1987, Hopkins was deputy director and acting director of the Centers for Disease Control, thereafter, he was an assistant professor of tropical public health at Harvard School of Public Health. He directed the Smallpox Eradication/Measles Control Program in Sierra Leone and he has served as a consultant to the World Health Organization. Throughout his career, Hopkins has received awards, including the CDC Medal of Excellence. Public Health Service, and a MacArthur Fellowship in 1995 for his leadership in the campaign to eradicate Guinea worm disease. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and his book, Princes and Peasants, Smallpox in History was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize in 1983. Dr. Hopkins was also elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in 1987 and has been a member of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene since 1965, Hopkins currently serves on the Board of Directors for the MacArthur Foundation. Center of Disease Control Medal of Excellence Distinguished Service Medal of the U. S, Public Health Service 1995 MacArthur Fellows Program James F. and Sarah T. Fries Foundation Prize Mectizan Award from Merck & Co. Knight of the National Order of Mali in 1998 The Guinea Worm Eradication Effort, Lessons for the Future, Emerging Infectious Diseases, Volume 4 No