Category:Professors of Gresham College
Pages in category "Professors of Gresham College"
The following 87 pages are in this category, out of 87 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 87 pages are in this category, out of 87 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Professor – Professor is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Literally, professor derives from Latin as a person who professes being usually an expert in arts or sciences, in much of the world, the unqualified word professor is used formally to indicate the highest academic rank, informally known as full professor. Professors conduct original research and commonly teach undergraduate, graduate, or professional courses in their fields of expertise, in universities with graduate schools, professors may mentor and supervise graduate students conducting research for a thesis or dissertation. Professors typically hold a Ph. D. another doctorate or a different terminal degree, some professors hold a masters degree or a professional degree, such as an M. D. as their highest degree. The term professor was first used in the late 14th century to one who teaches a branch of knowledge. As a title that is prefixed to a name, it dates from 1706, the hort form prof is recorded from 1838. The term professor is used with a different meaning, ne professing religion. This canting use of the word comes down from the Elizabethan period, a professor is an accomplished and recognized academic. In most Commonwealth nations, as well as northern Europe, the professor is the highest academic rank at a university. In the United States and Canada, the title of professor is also the highest rank, in these areas, professors are scholars with doctorate degrees or equivalent qualifications who teach in four-year colleges and universities. An emeritus professor is a given to selected retired professors with whom the university wishes to continue to be associated due to their stature. Emeritus professors do not receive a salary, but they are often given office or lab space, and use of libraries, labs, the term professor is also used in the titles assistant professor and associate professor, which are not considered professor-level positions in some European countries. In Australia, the associate professor is used in place of reader, ranking above senior lecturer. However, such professors usually do not undertake academic work for the granting institution, in general, the title of professor is strictly used for academic positions rather than for those holding it on honorary basis. Other roles of professorial tasks depend on the institution, its legacy, protocols, place, a professor typically earns a base salary and a range of benefits. In addition, a professor who undertakes additional roles in her institution earns additional income, some professors also earn additional income by moonlighting in other jobs, such as consulting, publishing academic or popular press books, or giving speeches or coaching executives. Some fields give professors more opportunities for outside work, the anticipated average earnings with performance-related bonuses for a German professor is €71,500. The salaries of civil servant professors in Spain are fixed in a basis, but there are some bonus related to performance and seniority
2. Gresham College – Gresham College is an institution of higher learning located at Barnards Inn Hall off Holborn in central London, England. It was founded in 1597 under the will of Sir Thomas Gresham, the College remained in Greshams mansion in Bishopsgate until 1768, and moved about London thereafter until the construction in 1842 of its own buildings in Gresham Street EC2. Since 1991, the College has operated at Barnard’s Inn Hall, early distinguished Gresham College professors included Christopher Wren, who lectured on astronomy in the 17th century and Robert Hooke, who was Professor of Geometry from 1665 until 1704. Today three further Professorships have been added to account of areas not otherwise covered by the original Professorships, Commerce. The professors currently hold their positions for three years, extendable for a year, and give six lectures a year. There are also regular visiting professors appointed to give series of lectures at the College, since 2000, the college regularly welcomes visiting speakers who deliver lectures on topics outside its usual range, and it also hosts occasional seminars and conferences. Today the college provides in the region of 130 lectures a year, all of which are free, although many of the lectures are held in Barnard’s Inn Hall, the majority are now held in the lecture hall at the Museum of London, for reasons of capacity. Since 2001, the college has been recording its lectures and releasing them online in what is now an archive of over 2,000 lectures. Annual lectures of particular note hosted by the college include, the Gresham Special Lecture, the Annual Lord Mayor’s Event, the College does not enroll any students and awards no degrees. The Gresham Special Lecture originated in 1988 as a public lecture delivered by a prominent speaker. It was devised as a focus-point among the other 126 free public lectures offered every year,2012, The Rt Hon John Bercow – Parliament and the Public, Strangers or Friends. AND I will and dispose, that, the said maior and corporation of the said cittye. Hellynes in Bishopsgate streete and St. Peeters the pore in the cittye of London. The somme of two hundred pounds of money of England, in manner and forme followinge, viz. Mary the Virgin and of St. Mighell tharchangell. Hellyns in Bishopesgate streete and St. Peters the pore, in the cittye of London. The somme of one hundred and fifty poundes of lawfull money of England, in manner and forme followinge, viz. Mighell the Archangell, by even portions to be paid. Thomas Greshams mansion converted into a facility with lodgings and research space for professors of Law, Physics, Music, Divinity, Geometry, Rhetoric. By me THOMAS GRESHAM Witnesses to this last will and testament of the said Sir Thomas Gresham the persons whose names be subscribed, PH
3. London – London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region. Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud. From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a later date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
4. England – England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years
5. Gwen Adshead – Adshead qualified in medicine in 1983 and holds two masters degrees, in medical law and ethics, and in mindfulness based cognitive therapy. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in 2005 and she was previously a consultant at Broadmoor Hospital, where she treated people referred to by the media as the violent insane, but whom she described as not mad or bad, but sad. She has written more than an academic papers. She was the castaway on the BBC Radio programme Desert Island Discs on 1 July 2010 and she is the mother of two boys
6. Isaac Barrow – His work centered on the properties of the tangent, Barrow was the first to calculate the tangents of the kappa curve. Isaac Newton was a student of Barrows, and Newton went on to develop calculus in a modern form and he was the son of Thomas Barrow, a linen draper by trade. In 1624, Thomas married Ann, daughter of William Buggin of North Cray, Kent and it appears that Barrow was the only child of this union—certainly the only child to survive infancy. Ann died around 1634, and the father sent the lad to his grandfather, Isaac. Within two years, however, Thomas remarried, the new wife was Katherine Oxinden, sister of Henry Oxinden of Maydekin, Kent. From this marriage, he had at least one daughter, Elizabeth, and a son, Thomas, who apprenticed to Edward Miller, skinner and his uncle and namesake Isaac Barrow, afterwards Bishop of St Asaph, was a Fellow of Peterhouse. He took to hard study, distinguishing himself in classics and mathematics, after taking his degree in 1648 and he spent the next four years travelling across France, Italy, Smyrna and Constantinople, and after many adventures returned to England in 1659. He was known for his courageousness, particularly noted is the occasion of his having saved the ship to which he were upon by the merits of his own prowess, from capture by pirates. He is described as low in stature, lean, and of a pale complexion, slovenly in his dress, an altogether impressive personage of the time, having lived a blameless life into which he exercised conduct with due care and conscientiousness. On the Restoration in 1660, he was ordained and appointed to the Regius Professorship of Greek at Cambridge, in 1662 he was made professor of geometry at Gresham College, and in 1663 was selected as the first occupier of the Lucasian chair at Cambridge. During his tenure of this chair he published two works of great learning and elegance, the first on geometry and the second on optics. In 1669 he resigned his professorship in favour of Isaac Newton, about this time, Barrow composed his Expositions of the Creed, The Lords Prayer, Decalogue, and Sacraments. For the remainder of his life he devoted himself to the study of divinity and he was made a D. D. by Royal mandate in 1670, and two years later Master of Trinity College, where he founded the library, and held the post until his death. Barrows character as a man was in all respects worthy of his great talents and he died unmarried in London at the early age of 46, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His earliest work was an edition of the Elements of Euclid, which he issued in Latin in 1655. His lectures, delivered in 1664,1665, and 1666, were published in 1683 under the title Lectiones Mathematicae and his lectures for 1667 were published in the same year, and suggest the analysis by which Archimedes was led to his chief results. In 1669 he issued his Lectiones Opticae et Geometricae and this, which is his most important work in mathematics, was republished with a few minor alterations in 1674. In 1675 he published an edition with comments of the first four books of the On Conic Sections of Apollonius of Perga