Category:Progressive Federal Party politicians
Pages in category "Progressive Federal Party politicians"
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Progressive Federal Party – The Progressive Federal Party was a South African political party formed in 1977. It advocated power-sharing in South Africa through a constitution, in place of apartheid. The party was preceded by the Progressive Party as the opposition to the National Party. While the main opposition United Party contained liberal factions, the PP had for years been the only purely liberal party represented in parliament. A realignment began when members of the UP left to found the Reform Party in 1975. The PFP would become the opposition in the 1977 election, winning 17 seats. Another well known parliamentarian and prominent member of the party was Harry Schwarz who had led the Reform Party and he was the chairman of the Federal Executive, finance spokesman and defence spokesman. He was regarded as the PFPs greatest parliamentary performer and was amongst the most prominent and it was ousted as the official opposition by the far-right Conservative Party in the whites-only parliamentary elections held on May 6,1987. This electoral blow led many of the PFPs leaders to question the value of participating in the whites-only parliament, in 1989, the PFP and NDM merged with another small white reformist party, the Independent Party, to form the Democratic Party, predecessor to the modern Democratic Alliance. Leaders of the Progressive Federal Party, Federalism Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Liberalism in South Africa
2. Marius Barnard (surgeon) – Marius Stephanus Barnard was a South African cardiac surgeon and inventor of critical illness insurance. Barnard was a member of the team headed by his brother Christiaan Barnard that performed the worlds first human-to-human heart transplantation in 1967, specifically, he was one of the surgeons who removed the heart from donor Denise Darvall at Groote Schuur Hospital. Barnard argued that, as a doctor, he can repair a man physically. On 6 August 1983 the first critical illness insurance policy was launched, Barnard was a member of the South African parliament between 1980 and 1989, for the Progressive Federal Party - one of the few political parties that opposed apartheid. He later acted as a consultant for Scottish Widows. Barnard has received awards for his contributions to medicine and humanity. He died on November 14,2014
3. Zach de Beer – Zacharias Johannes de Beer was a liberal Afrikaner South African politician and businessman. He was the last leader of the liberal Progressive Federal Party, educated at Bishops Diocesan College in Rondebosch, He completed an MB ChB degree at the University of Cape Town in 1951. De Beer was first elected to the House of Assembly in 1953 as an MP for the opposition United Party and he and the other liberal MPs formed the new Progressive Party in 1959. De Beer lost his seat in the 1961 general election and joined an advertising agency before moving on the Anglo-American and he became the PFPs leader in August 1988 and, with Denis Worrall and Wynand Malan was a co-leader of the new Democratic Party when it formed in 1989. Following the DPs defeat in the first post-apartheid election of 1994 and he was appointed South African ambassador to the Netherlands by Nelson Mandela. De Beer was for years a director of the Anglo American PLC/De Beers diamond mining conglomerate
4. Colin Eglin – Colin Wells Eglin was a South African politician best known for having served as national leader of the opposition from 1977–79 and 1986-87. He represented Sea Point in the South African Parliament from 1958–61, described by Nelson Mandela as one of the architects of democracy, Eglin played a leading role in the drafting of the countrys post-apartheid constitution. Eglin was born in 1925 in Sea Point, the son of Carl August Eglin and his wife and he had just turned nine when his father died in July 1934. He later wrote, He had been ill for a long time and he interrupted his studies in 1943 during the Second World War to join the South African Army. He became an instructor in the anti-aircraft unit in Cape Town. He was then sent to a unit in Egypt and transferred to Italy. He took part in the South African assault on Monte Sole, after the War he remained in Italy for nine months, waiting for demobilisation. During this period he undertook courses in Archaeology and Town Planning. He graduated from the University of Cape Town with a BSc degree in quantity surveying in 1946, Eglin was a member of Pinelands Municipal Council from 1951-1954. He was elected as a United Party Cape Province Provincial Councillor in 1954 and he was elected unopposed as MP for the Peninsula constituency in 1958. He left the United Party to become a member of the Progressive Party in 1959. Eglin became the leader of the Progressive Party in February 1971, Eglin was at first outside Parliament but he was elected for the Cape Town seat of Sea Point in the April 1974 General Election, when five other PP candidates joined Helen Suzman in Parliament. In February 1975, UP liberal leader Harry Schwarz was expelled from the party along with several others, the two parties, which shared an anti-apartheid ideology, entered into negotiations to merge, which resulted in the creation of the Progressive Reform Party in July 1975. Eglin was elected leader after Schwarz agreed not to stand for the leadership and was appointed Chairman of the National Executive and he became leader of the Progressive Federal Party in 1977, following a merger with the Committee for United Opposition that had also broken away from the United Party. Eglin was the leader of the official Opposition 1977-79 and he was replaced as leader by Frederik van Zyl Slabbert in 1979, when Eglin became Shadow Foreign Minister, a post he would hold until 1986. From 1986-88 Eglin was again party leader, following the resignation of Slabbert and he was official Opposition leader until 1987, when the right-wing Conservative Party became the official opposition party. Zach de Beer took over as leader of the Progressive Federal Party in 1988, the party merged with other groups to become the Democratic Party in 1989 and then the Democratic Alliance in 2000. Eglin continued to serve in the segregated House of Assembly until it was abolished in 1994, colin Eglin was made an Officer of the Order of the Disa in 2005
5. Ian Neilson – Ian Douglas Neilson is the Executive Deputy Mayor of the City of Cape Town, South Africa. He is also the Mayoral Committee member for Finance and he is a civil engineer and practised as a consulting engineer in the field of water engineering for 20 years, before entering full time politics. In 2001, when he held the post of Executive Councillor for Safety & Health, Ian was born in Boksburg, South Africa. He matriculated from Boksburg High School in 1971 and he obtained a B. Sc. degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Cape Town in 1975 and a M. Sc. degree in Engineering in 1984. He worked across South Africa on various engineering projects, key water supply projects that he worked on were a detailed basin study of the Luvuvhu River Basin and the Orange-Vaal Rivers Weir project. He also worked on a number of flood and storm water projects, most notable of which was the design of the system at Century City. It the latter part of his career he established himself as an expert in pipeline design, Ian was involved in politics from his student days at the University of Cape Town where he was involved in opposition to the apartheid government of the day. His first campaign towards elective office was in the South African general election,1987 and this constituency was a National Party stronghold and he came forth in the election behind the Conservative Party and the Herstigte Nasionale Party. He moved back to Cape Town in 1990 and in 1996 was a candidate for the Democratic Party in the first local government elections in a new democratic South Africa and he was elected as a Proportional List Councillor to the Council of the Blaauwberg Municipality as the DPs sole representative. He served as a member of the Councils Executive Committee and on the Planning Committee, soon before the 5 December 2000 local government election that established the new City of Cape Town, the DP amalgamated with the New National Party to form the Democratic Alliance. Ian was elected as a DA councillor for Ward 3, an area extending from the area of Bloubergstrand to the low-cost housing town of Dunoon. The DA won a majority in that election in Cape Town, Ian was elected by the DA caucus to serve in the city executive as the Executive Councillor for Safety & Health, a position he held until 2002. It was during this period that he established the Cape Town City Police Service, in October 2002 a number of former NNP members left the DA to reestablish their former party. As a result the DA lost its majority in the Cape Town Council, Ian was shortly thereafter elected as deputy leader of the DA in the council, a position he held for the remainder of the council term. At the local government election of March 2006, Ian was elected as the Ward Councillor for Ward 23, the DA was returned as the largest party in the City of Cape Town. It formed a multiparty government under the leadership of Executive Mayor Helen Zille, Mayor Zille appointed Ian as the Mayoral committee member for Finance. His term in this post has been characterized by a cleanup of the citys formerly corrupt procurement system and he has overseen a significant growth in expenditure on infrastructure, both in terms of new capital works and in repairs and maintenance. The city has successfully launched three bond loan issues on the Bond Exchange of South Africa, totaling R4,2 billion
6. Harry Schwarz – In the 1964 Rivonia Trial he was a defence lawyer. He was in the opposition for over 40 years and was a member of the Democratic Party. Described as South Africas most feisty politician and a maverick, he was known for his parliamentary clashes with the apartheid government over its racial. In his political career spanning 43 years, in which he gained respect from across the political spectrum, in 1988 he received the Order for Meritorious Service and received several Honorary Doctorates. He was also one of the South African Jewish communitys foremost leaders, Nelson Mandela, a friend of his whom he visited while in prison, described him as a champion of the poor. Harry Schwarz was born Heinz Schwarz to Fritz and Alma Schwarz in Cologne and his family belonged to the Glockengasse Synagogue. He arrived in South Africa as a Jewish refugee from Germany in 1934 with his mother and younger brother Kurt and his father Fritz, a Social Democratic Party activist, left for South Africa the night the Nazis came to power. They boarded the SS Giulio Cesare in Genoa, Italy which took them to South Africa, when they arrived in Cape Town they stayed in one room in a house in Kloof Street. Schwarz described how he was lucky as eventually he was able to sleep in a bathroom in a rusty bath and he spoke no Afrikaans or English at first and had strong memories of being taunted on the schoolyard for being different. Schwarz stated in an interview in 1991 that I know what the word means, not because Ive read it in a book. And I know what it means to be hungry, the discrimination and financial difficulties of his family left a strong impression on Schwarz and helped shape his political philosophy with its emphasis on social justice and the rule of law. He attended Tamboerskloof School and South African College Schools in Cape Town, following his graduation from school in 1943, he was offered a job working for a top stockbroker, as well as a university scholarship. However, Schwarz instead joined the South African Air Force during World War II in order to defeat Nazism and he served as a navigator and fought in North Africa, Crete and Italy. It was in the air force that he adopted the name Harry and he was in 15 Squadron and seconded to the RAF. In 1984 he was made an Honorary Colonel of the 15th Squadron and he joined the United Party and assisted in the 1948 election. However, as a result of the National Party victory, he was determined to more active and was elected Chairman of the United Party branch at the university. He argued that the National Partys victory in 1948 was reversible, in an interview in 1991, Schwarz said on the National Party victory that “To me, they were the people who had supported Germany during the war. As a young man, it was very objectionable to me that the very people I had been fighting against were the people that the National Party had supported. ”He was also president of the universitys ex-servicemens league and chair of the Law Students Council