Churchill National Park
The Churchill National Park is a national park located in the Greater Melbourne region of Victoria, Australia. The national park is near the Monash Freeway and Stud Road, established on 12 February 1941 as the Dandenong National Park, the park was renamed in 1944 in honour of Sir Winston Churchill. There are tracks throughout the Churchill National Park for walking and jogging, one recommended walking track for a very peaceful walk is Channel Track, surrounded by thick woodland and it runs beside the old aqueduct. The eastern boundary track is good for cycling and jogging. Bird watching is spectacular within the park especially by the dam along the northern boundary track, the picnic ground has gas barbecues, a unisex toilet and a shelter. Picnic grounds are provided on the end of the access road, Churchill National Park is famous for its 173 different species of birds, such as the Australian wood duck and the Pacific black duck. Most mammals are only active at night, so if you arrive early or leave late, you might be enough to see one, such as echidnas, wallabies.
Echidnas are active during the day, searching for ants, the park that is now Churchill National Park was once the police corps headquarters for blacktrackers and provided grazing land for the police horses. Many years it was known as the Dandenong Police Paddocks, in the 1920s, metropolitan development brought some change to the parklands, which was still known as Police Paddocks. Local stone was dug up for road metal and building material, a water channel was cut to Dandenong. Fire and the clearing of the area took place, in 1939 the area was set aside as the Dandenong National Park, gazetted in February 1941, and renamed Churchill National Park in 1944. An old quarry is located in the north west corner of the park, remains of the associated tramway, the tramway was known as the Scoresby Tramway. The tramway was used to transport crushed rock from the quarry, the wagons travelled by gravity for most of the distance, when the topography leveled out, horses were used to draw the waggons. The quarry operated for three years, the tramway was removed after the cessation of quarrying
Father Hennepin State Park
Father Hennepin State Park is a state park of Minnesota, USA, located on the southeast corner of Mille Lacs Lake. The park is named after Father Louis Hennepin, a priest who visited the area with a French expedition in 1680, the 320-acre park has 103 campsites and a sandy beach over one mile long. Father Louis Hennepin, a Franciscan priest of the Recollet order, was dispatched to explore western New France in 1680. Hennepin is not thought to have been in the location of the park. He called the area Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV of France, in the spring of 1680 he and two companions encountered a group of Dakota Native Americans and were captured, about 15 miles from todays Father Hennepin State Park. Their release was negotiated eight months by Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, throughout the experience, Father Hennepin kept a journal describing the lakes, rivers and the lifestyle of his hosts, the Mdewakanton Dakota. In 1683 his writings were published in the book Description de la Louisiane, local advocates and Catholic groups were instrumental in getting the park established in the years before World War II.
The Minnesota Legislature was reluctant to fund a new park, but when 129 acres of tax-forfeited land were acquired at little cost, however a provision was inserted into the bill barring any state funds from supporting the park for the first five years. County and local funds only went so far, and the park remained undeveloped until 1953 when the Minnesota state park system instituted an entrance fee. Meyer, Roy W. Everyones Country Estate, A History of Minnesotas State Parks, Minnesota Historical Society Press, St. Paul,1991. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Web Site, media related to Father Hennepin State Park at Wikimedia Commons Father Hennepin State Park
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park is a Florida State Park located in Fort Lauderdale, on East Sunrise Boulevard, between the Intracoastal Waterway and SR A1A. Among the wildlife of the park are the gopher tortoise, eastern indigo snake, visitors can see gray squirrels, marsh rabbits, and opossums, as well as more than 200 species of wading birds and ducks. Activities include canoeing, fishing, Segway tours, visitors can enjoy inline skating, hiking and wildlife viewing. Amenities include canoe rental, a freshwater lagoon, two short trails, a beach, picnic areas, and a group/youth campground. The Terramar Visitor Center is located in the Mediterranean and Art Deco style home of Hugh Taylor Birch, the visitor center is open from 9, 00am until 4, 00pm, Monday through Friday. Terramar features exhibits about Hugh Taylor Birch, the history of Fort Lauderdale, Florida ecology, Florida state parks are open between 8 a. m. and sundown every day of the year. Official Site Friends of Hugh Taylor Birch State Park
Puyehue National Park
Puyehue National Park is located in the Andes mountain range, in Los Ríos and Los Lagos regions of Chile formerly referred to as the 10th region. The park boast 220,000 acres of natural springs, volcanoes. The park is Chile’s most visited national park with 400,000 people enjoying it each year, Puyehue National park forms part of the Reserve of Temperate Rainy Forest Biospheres of the Southern Andes. Chile Route 215 passes through the park, which connects with the Argentine Route 231 via Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass, the park lies in the Osorno Province, town of Puyehue. It is 118 miles northeast of Puerto Montt, or 50 miles east of Osorno, the park is dominated by Puyehue volcano, Cordón Caulle and Antillanca Group. The park is divided into three areas, Aguas Calientes and Antillanca. Each area has special activities according to its landscape, Aguas Calientes feature natural thermal baths and hiking trails. The Antillanca area features crater Raihuén and Mirador hill, the Las Gaviotas river as well as the Rupanco Lake, there is skiing at the Antillanca ski center, on the slopes of the Casablanca volcano.
The Golgol and the Las Gaviotas river are the waterways in the park. The Chanleufú flows through the park, two distributaries of the Golgol include Anticura and Pajaritos, which both flow into Lake Puyehue, which is outside the park. Five lakes inside the park include Constancia, Paraíso, Lake Berlin, Puyehue National Park has warden stations in each of its three areas. The main administration is in the Aguas Calientes area, Puyehue National Park has a Center of Environmental Information that provides fauna and flora information in both the Aguas Calientes and the Anticura areas. The Anticura area has a CONAF guard station, and a campsite, and finally, the Antillanca area of Puyehue National Park has a ski center and a good hotel open all year round. The Anticura section costs 800 Chilean pesos to enter, which is about 1.60 usd, Puyehue National Park includes a hotel with a thermal complex, a lodging house and campsites. Its flora in the parts is that one of Valdivian temperate rain forest and is similar to that of its southern neighbor.
Temperate evergreen forests occur at lower elevations, species of trees include coigüe and the common ulmo and tineo. The underbrush has abundant bushes, ferns and lichens, at higher altitude there are coigüe woods with tepa and mañío, which became the dominant specie. Pure stands of Nothofagus betuloides and Nothofagus pumilio are found just below the tree line, forests of coigües de Magallanes, with dense underbrush, a species of deciduous leaves that become reddish during Autumn
Elliott Laurel is a 33-acre open space preserve located in Phillipston, Massachusetts. The property, notable for its stands of mountain laurel, is managed by the land conservation non-profit organization The Trustees of Reservations. Elliott Laurel contains woodlands, boulders, and a hayfield, the reserve is named for Frederick W. Elliott, who donated the original acreage to the Trustees of Reservations in 1941. Additional property was purchased in 1972, Elliott Laurel is open to hiking, cross country skiing, and hunting. A1 mile network of trails loop through the reservation and ascend to a scenic vista along a series of ledges, Eliott Laurel at Trustees of Reservations Map of Eliott Laurel
Fort Parker State Park
Fort Parker State Park is a Texas state park near Mexia. The city of Mexia and three local landowners donated the land creating the park in 1935, the park was dedicated by former Texas Governor Pat Neff and opened to the public in May 1941. The CCC Company rebuilt nearby Old Fort Parker for the Texas Centennial observance in 1936, Fort Parker State Park has three hike and bike trails, Springfield trail, Navasota River Trail and Baines Creek Trail. The Bur Oak Trail is a trail with an interpretive guide pamphlet available. Trees in the park include Bur Oak, Water Oak, Blackjack Oak, other plants that can be found are American Beautyberry, and sumac. Inside the park is the Old Springfield Cemetery, all remains of the once thriving community of Springfield. Springfield was once the county seat of Limestone County and thrived during the 1840s and 1850s, after the war, there was racial conflict and lawlessness. The railroad passed Springfield by for the towns of Mexia and Groesbeck, the Fort Parker Nature Center is open every weekend and is a great place for kids to learn about wildlife in the park.
Canoe and paddleboats are available for rental, day use, overnight camping, group barracks, an activity center and a picnic pavilion are all available for rent
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site preserves the location of Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the present-day United States. The site was preserved for its significance in relation to the founding of the first English settlement in North America in 1587. The colony, which was promoted and backed by entrepreneurs led by Englishman Sir Walter Raleigh, when next visited, the settlement was abandoned with no survivors found. The fate of the Lost Colony remains a mystery, the historic site is off U. S. Highway 64 on the north end of Roanoke Island, North Carolina, about 3 miles north of the town of Manteo. The visitor centers museum contains exhibits about the history of the English expeditions and colonies, the Roanoke Colony, the Union Army occupied the island in 1862 and soon established a contraband camp for slave refugees. It founded the Roanoke Island Freedmens Colony in 1863 to be self-sustaining, the free residents of the colony were allocated plots of land by household, paid by the Army for work, and educated with the help of Northern teachers.
By 1864 the colony had more than 2200 freedpeople as residents and it had a sawmill, fisheries and 600 cabins. More than 150 freedmen from the colony were among the nearly 4000 freedmen from North Carolina who served with the United States Colored Troops, the colony is commemorated with a marble monument erected at the fort site in 2001 by Dare County. The Fort Raleigh historic site is home to Paul Greens outdoor symphonic drama and this work about the earliest colonists has been performed in the Waterside Theatre during the summer since 1937, with an interlude during World War II. It is presented by the Roanoke Island Historical Association, using authority provided under the Historic Sites Act of 1935. As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, Fort Raleigh is co-managed with two other Outer Banks parks, Wright Brothers National Memorial and Cape Hatteras National Seashore. It is the location of the headquarters at the northern end of Roanoke Island. The cooperative agreement of 1941 allows RIHA to stage performances in the Waterside Theatre.
Within the historic site are the Elizabethan Gardens, managed by the Garden Club of North Carolina, created as a memorial to the first colonists, the gardens cover more than 10 acres and include a replica Tudor gate house. There is a fee for the gardens. Preserving the Mystery — An Administrative History of Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, archived from the original on July 22,2004. Washington, U. S. Department of the Interior, official NPS site, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site Roanoke Island Historical Association, The Lost Colony drama The Elizabethan Gardens
Bosque de Fray Jorge National Park
Bosque de Fray Jorge national park or Bosque Fray Jorge national park lies in the Limarí Province, Coquimbo Region, Chile. It is a UNESCO Biosphere reserve, management of this and other national parks in Chile is entrusted to Corporacion Nacional Forestal, CONAF. The national park lies approximately 100 km south of La Serena on the Pacific Ocean and it lies close to the Atacama Desert, in the Cordillera de Talinay, which is part of the Chilean Coastal Range. On the south, the park is bordered by the Limarí River, the park covers an area of 100 km², but the forests cover only 4% of its surface. The national park is known for having the northernmost Valdivian temperate rain forests, the forest is a vestigial survival of the last glacial period. The park includes a number of smaller animals, as degu, chinchilla. Many different kinds of live in the park, such as the Chilean tinamou. After miraculously finding it at location, he brought back some timber. The Bosque de Fray Jorge national park was created in 1941 and is administered by the Chilean forest authority CONAF, UNESCO incorporated the national park as a biosphere reservation in 1977.
Translation from the Spanish and German Wikipedia sites, cloud forest Fray Jorge Biosphere Reserve
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge
The Imperial Refuge Wilderness, a federally designated,15, 056-acre, wilderness area is protected within the refuge. It surrounds the Picacho State Recreation Area and this section of the Colorado River is popular for boating, fishing, exploring old mining camps and wildlife watching. The river and its associated backwater lakes and wetlands are a green oasis and it is a refuge and breeding area for migratory birds and local desert wildlife. Even though it is located in the Sonoran Desert, the Imperial National Wildlife Refuge is home to a wetland environment. Wetland wildlife is most abundant in winter, when birds such as cinnamon teal, during the summer months, permanent residents such as great egrets are abundant. The Colorado River plays a role in the lives of desert fauna. It is the water source for many miles. Small animals such as the jackrabbit and western whiptail lizard are plentiful. Desert bighorn sheep and mule deer call the refuge home, a full list of birds found on the refuge can be found on the refuge website.
At one time, the banks of the Colorado River were lined with cottonwood and willow forests, animals depended on this green forest oasis for breeding, resting and shade. Some animals that depended the riparian forests, such as the willow flycatcher, have become endangered. The Painted Desert Trail is a 1. 3-mile self-guided trail for an opportunity to see desert plants, the trail takes you through a rainbow of colors left by 30, 000-year-old volcanic activity and features a panoramic view of the Colorado River valley. Colorado River Colorado Desert Yuma Desert Lower Colorado River Valley Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge Imperial National Wildlife Refuge, united States Fish and Wildlife Service
Santee National Wildlife Refuge
Santee National Wildlife Refuge is a 15, 000-acre refuge alongside Lake Marion, an impoundment of the Santee River of Clarendon County, South Carolina. The refuge is especially important for a number of wetlands that support migratory birds. The refuge contains the Santee Native American mound, which is the farthest eastern known representation of the Mississippian culture, built upon this same mound was the Revolutionary British Fort Watson, which was taken by Marions Brigade in April 1781. The site has been an important site of archeological investigations, more common are deer, bobcats, teal, wood ducks, Canada geese, pintails, red-tailed hawks, red-shouldered hawks, and wild turkeys. The refuge was established in 1941, the refuge was formerly much larger, but was reduced greatly in size in 1976 when the Lake Moultrie section in Berkeley County was discontinued due to lease termination. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service
San Andres National Wildlife Refuge
The San Andres National Wildlife Refuge is located in the southern San Andres Mountains of southcentral New Mexico, USA. The refuge, which lies within the northernmost extension of the Chihuahuan Desert, has elevations ranging from 4,200 feet to 8,239 feet feet, Refuge habitats vary from creosote and Chihuahuan desert grasslands in the bajadas to pinyon-juniper woodlands at higher elevations. A few springs and seasonal streams provide water for wildlife, San Andres NWR is completely surrounded by the White Sands Missile Range and is closed to the public for security reasons. The San Andres National Wildlife Refuge preserves the largest intact Chihuahuan desert mountain range in the U. S, the refuge runs 21 miles north to south at the southern end of the San Andres Mountains. San Andres Peak is the highest point at 8,239 feet and Big Brushy Mountains rise to more than 7,000 feet. The range is a fault-block tilted to the west, the eastern slopes of the San Andres rise sharply from the Tularosa Basin now largely part of the White Sands military base.
The western slopes are more gradual, merging into the Jornada del Muerto, the refuge is in the Upper Sonoran life zone characterized by semi-desert vegetation and grassland. One hundred and seventy two species of birds, including 5 species of hummingbirds, have seen on the refuge. Large mammals include deer, mountain lion, desert bighorn sheep, black bear. On rare occasions, javelina have been seen, the average precipitation on the refuge is 13 inches annually, although it is highly variable ranging from about 7 to 25 inches per year. Most precipitation comes in the summer, at least 10 springs and spring complexes on the refuge provide water for wildlife and create riparian zones with cottonwood and ash trees. Some of the springs have sufficient flow to create live streams that run for several hundred yards before becoming dry washes with water only after major rainstorms, the springs are located at elevations of 4,900 feet to 6,000 feet in elevation. The San Andres National Wildlife Refuge was created to preserve the desert bighorn sheep which was becoming rare in much of its range, at the time of the creation of the refuge, in 1941, the population of desert bighorn sheep was 33.
With protection, this increased to 140 in 1950 before declining to 70 after a severe drought. Grazing on the refuge was ended in 1952 and the numbers of the herd increased to about 200 in the 1970s, disease struck the herd and only one lone female remained alive in 1997. Beginning in 1999, desert bighorns were re-introduced into San Andres from other areas, San Andres NWR is the largest area of protected land for desert bighorns in New Mexico. The oryx, a large desert antelope from Africa and the Arabian peninsula, was introduced into White Sands Missile Range in 1969 and their numbers quickly grew to about 4,000 and their range expanded into San Andres National Wildlife Refuge. By 1997, at least 50 oryx inhabited the refuge, oryx successfully competed for scarce resources with bighorn sheep and mule deer because they need little or no water to survive, getting their moisture from the plants they eat
Myakka River State Park
Myakka River State Park is a Florida State Park, that is located nine miles east of I-75 in Sarasota in Sarasota County and that includes portions of southeastern Manatee County. A small portion of the park was the gift of the family of Bertha Palmer to the state, the park is named after the Myakka River. Consisting of 37,000 acres, this is one of the states largest and oldest parks and it was delineated in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps. Myakka River State Park is in the conifer forests ecoregion. Plant communities in areas of the park with drier soils are a mixture of forests, scrub. Florida longleaf pine sandhills are woodlands dominated by longleaf pine, South Florida pine flatwoods are open woodlands of with a dense ground cover of grasses and shrubs. Florida peninsula inland scrub consists of sand pines growing amid shrublands of evergreen oaks, Florida dry prairies are flat, nearly treeless plains with dense cover of grasses and saw palmetto. Wetlands in the park include marshes and cypress domes, floridian highlands freshwater marshes are prairies composed of different herbaceous plant communities that vary based on water depth.
Southern coastal plain cypress domes are small wetlands of pond cypress notable for their dome-shaped appearance. A karst sinkhole named Deep Hole is located on the northwest bank of the Myakka River in the Wilderness Preserve, the sink is 41 meters deep though no evidence of a spring was found by a 2011-2012 research team. Rivers in the park support hammocks and floodplain forests, near the floodplains of spring-fed rivers grow southern coastal plain hydric hammocks, dense forests of evergreen and deciduous hardwood trees. Blackwater rivers support southern coastal plain blackwater river floodplain forests of baldcypress along their banks, the park is noted for its wildlife and some of the rare birds seen only in Florida, such as the roseate spoonbill, frequent the park. Native flora flourishes in the park, there are many species of fish, amphibians and mammals to learn about and enjoy watching as well. Myakka River State Park has an excellent system of hiking trails, walking trails crisscross the eastern side of the park.
Six primitive campgrounds are accessible by trail throughout the park, Mossy Hammock, Bee Island, Panther Point, Oak Grove, horseback riding and biking is permitted on certain designated trails and roads in the park. This part of the park is dominated by expanses of very low vegetation, fields of palmetto, a good portion of the park is accessible by automobile. Myakka River State Parks main road, a 6. 5-mile drive between the North and South ends, leads visitors to an out to the river. The main drive is popular with cyclists, runners