Judge C. R. Magney State Park
Judge C. R. Magney State Park is a state park of Minnesota, USA, on the North Shore of Lake Superior. The park is best known for the Devils Kettle, an unusual waterfall, Judge C. R. Magney State Park is located on scenic Minnesota State Highway 61,25 miles from the Canada–United States border. The last 8 miles of the Brule River flow through the park, dropping 800 feet and producing several waterfalls, a tributary of the Brule, Gauthier Creek, flows in from the west. Mons Creek, an intermittent stream on the parks northeast border and this stretch of the Brule River has three named waterfalls. 1 mile from the lakeshore, Lower Falls drops 7 feet over two steps just before the mouth of Gauthier Creek, a short distance upstream are Upper Falls, dropping 25 feet, and Devils Kettle Falls. From the Devils Kettle to Upper Falls the river flows through a. 25-mile rocky gorge, developed areas and trail access are confined to the lower third of the park. The northern section is rugged and difficult to access, with open ridges stepping away from the river valley and these extremes produce an elevation change of about 1,000 feet in the park.
The state park is entirely within Grand Portage State Forest, although most of the land adjacent to the park is privately owned inholdings. Thus winters tend to be mild and snowy and these layers bear intrusions of gabbro and diabase in the north and ferrodiorite in the south near the lakeshore. The rift itself formed a basin, which gradually filled with sedimentary rock. The volcanic layers to either side became tilted, the basalt, from 2 million years ago to 10,000 years ago a series of glacial periods repeatedly covered the region with ice, scouring the bedrock and scooping out the accumulated rock in the great basin. As the glaciers began to melt at the end of the last glacial period, pockets of rock and dirt till were left behind while the basin filled with meltwater, a layer of red sediment with clay minerals remains from this time on flat, inland areas of the park. The changing configuration of the glaciers, plus post-glacial rebound of the surrounding land, altered the depth. The succession of lake levels left a series of ridges, wave-cut bluffs.
As the lake changed, so too did the rivers flowing into them. Several former stream beds and deltas can be identified at the end of the park. The campground sits on a delta, and a stream bed lies directly opposite the park entrance. The park is best known for The Devils Kettle, a waterfall located on the Brule River 1.5 miles from its mouth
Buffalo Bill State Park
Buffalo Bill State Park is state-operated, public recreation area surrounding the reservoir formed by the Buffalo Bill Dam, an impoundment of the Shoshone River, in Park County, Wyoming. The state park and dam were named after William Buffalo Bill Cody, who founded the town of Cody. The parks recreational opportunities include camping, boating and picnicking, Buffalo Bill Cody was one of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, mostly known for the shows he organized with cowboy themes. He once owned some of the land that is now part of the state bearing his name. He sold his property to the United States government prior to the construction of Buffalo Bill Dam, Cody settled in the Shoshone Canyon area in the 1870s. He first came to the region as a guide for a survey expedition, Cody spent parts the next twenty years in the area serving as a hunting guide. Buffalo Bill worked to bring irrigation and agriculture development in Park County and he founded the nearby city of Cody in 1896.
Construction on Buffalo Bill Dam, originally known as Shoshone Dam, upon completion, in 1910, the dam was the highest in the world standing at 325 feet. The dam is an arch structure of constant radius. It was part of the Shoshone Project, one of the first projects overseen by the Bureau of Reclamation, in addition to providing water for irrigation and downstream flood control, Buffalo Bill Dam provides hydropower for a power plant. The first and second units of the plant were constructed in 1922. A third unit was built in 1931, units one and two were decommissioned in 1980 and unit three was replaced in 1991. The park was established in 1957 and rebuilt in 1993 after a project to increase the height of the dam by 25 feet. The original park facilities were flooded when the dam was raised, the project added 260,000 acre feet to the area of the lake. A visitors center at the dam was opened upon completion of the heightening of the dam, further modifications to the dam included an expansion of the underground spillway and addition of gates to the spillway for flow control.
Buffalo Bill State Park is in Shoshone Canyon along the Shoshone River in northwestern Wyoming, the mountainous area is part of the Absaroka Range of the Rocky Mountains. The range is on the Montana-Wyoming border and they border the Beartooth Mountains to the north and the Wind River Range to the south. The mountains are named for the Absaroka Indians, the name is derived from the Hidatsa name for the Crow people, it means children of the large-beaked bird
Davidsonville Historic State Park
Davidsonville Historic State Park is a 163-acre Arkansas state park in Randolph County, Arkansas in the United States. Situated on a border between The Ozarks and the Arkansas Delta, the park preserves the remains of the frontier town of Davidsonville. The town was one of Arkansaw Territorys first settlements founded in 1815. The former townsite was made into a park in 1957. There is evidence that the site was occupied by French colonists prior to the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, archeologists have discovered evidence of Native American use of the site as early as 4,000 BC. The 1822 courthouse was built on top of an Indian mound which was built before 1,100 AD. Davidsonville was founded in 1815 and rapidly became the most important town in northeast Arkansaw Territory, the community served as a river port town on the west bank of the Black River, near the confluence of the Spring River and Eleven Point River with the Black River. The town was on important stop on the Southwest Trail and featured several important frontier establishments, in 1817 the first post office of Arkansas Territory opened in the town, followed in 1820 by the first federal land office of the territory.
In 1822, the first courthouse of Arkansas Territory was built in Davidsonville, the town became the county seat of Lawrence County, which at the time comprised roughly the northern third of Arkansas. Shortly after the founding the Southwest Trail was rerouted onto higher ground. New towns appeared along the new route, diminishing Davidsonvilles importance. In 1828 the land office was moved to Batesville, about 60 miles southwest, in 1829 the county seat and courthouse began a series of moves to a number of other towns. Today there are few remains above ground. The townsite, which had been a grid of streets with a square where the courthouse stood. Only upon closer inspection does one begin to see hints of the former town, the parks interpretive signs point out where certain buildings used to stand. By the time of Arkansas statehood in 1836, Davidsonville was essentially abandoned, Old Davidsonville State Park was created in 1957. The park offers programs, hiking, fishing. Park facilities were built on the old townsite
Emma Wood State Beach
Emma Wood State Beach is a California State Beach in Ventura County, California. It is located on the side of the city of Ventura. The park is named for Emma Catherine Wood, a co-owner of the Taylor Ranch and her husband Buddy Wood donated the land in her memory, she died in 1944. The 112-acre park was established in 1957, Emma Wood State Beach is popular for walking, fishing and surfing. The park features a seaside RV-only campground, over 70 percent of this shoreline, with narrow sandy beaches and rocky tidepools, is accessible via state- or county-owned parks and other properties. California State Beaches Parks in Ventura County, California List of California beaches List of California state parks Official Emma Wood State Beach website
McConnells Mill State Park
McConnells Mill State Park is a 2,546 acres Pennsylvania state park in Perry and Slippery Rock Townships, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park features a scenic gorge with the restored watermill. McConnells Mill State Park is along the Slippery Rock Creek just southwest of the intersection of US422, McConnells Mill State Park was chosen by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources and its Bureau of Parks as one of 25 Must-See Pennsylvania State Parks. Daniel Kennedy opened a gristmill on Slippery Rock Creek in 1852, the mill was destroyed by fire in 1868 and was quickly rebuilt. Ownership of the mill was transferred to the namesake, Thomas McConnell in 1875. He replaced the waterwheel with water turbines and the grindstones with rolling mills and this made McConnells Mill one of the first rolling mills in the country. The mill processed oats, corn and wheat until it was closed in 1928, ownership of the land transferred from Thomas H. Hartman to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy in 1942.
The conservancy transferred the land to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1957 when McConnells Mill State Park was formally dedicated, the McConnells Mill Covered Bridge was built in 1874. It is a Howe truss bridge, one of two covered bridges in Lawrence County, it is owned by the county, but is located on state land at McConnells Mill State Park. The bridge is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, there are several trails in the park, including a pair that lead to a waterfall. The trail system is part of the North Country Trail, the nation longest National Scenic Trail which runs from North Dakota to New England, both are only recommended for equipped and experienced climbers. The more difficult of the two is at Breakneck Bridge, Alpha Pass Trail is a moderate 1.5 miles hiking trail that is marked with blue blazes. The trail is part of the North Country Trail, the section in the park begins at the Alpha Pass scenic view. It runs along the east bank of Slippery Rock Creek to the Old Mill, Hells Hollow Trail is an easy 0.5 miles hiking trail that begins at the Hells Hollow parking area and follows Hell Run to the restored lime kiln and on to Hells Hollow Falls.
Kildoo Trail is a moderate 2 miles hiking trail loop and it begins and ends at the McConnells Mill Covered Bridge and follows the banks of Slippery Rock Creek. The western portion of the trail is marked with blue blazes and is part of the North Country Trail. Slippery Rock Gorge Trail is a moderate to difficult trail that is part of the North Country Trail in some places and is marked with blue blazes, the trail passes through several different geological areas. The first portion of the trail is in the end of Hell Run Valley
Benicia State Recreation Area
Benicia State Recreation Area is a state park unit of California, USA, protecting tidal wetland. It is located in Solano County 2 miles west of downtown Benicia, the park covers 447 acres of marsh, grassy hillsides and rocky beaches along the narrowest portion of the Carquinez Strait. Southampton Creek and the tidal marsh front Southampton Bay, where the waters of the Sacramento. The cove is noted as J on Cañizares famous 1781 Map of San Francisco Bay, the present name, Southampton Bay, is for the Navy frigate Southampton, which Commodore Thomas ap Catesby Jones sailed, along with a small fleet, to the cove in 1849. The sandstone point at Benicia SRA has been known as Rocky Point, Quarry Point, stonecutter Patrick Dillon came to California from Tipperary, during the 1849 California Gold Rush, settling in Benicia in 1851. General Vallejo leased Dillon the tidal flat at Southampton Bay and Rocky Point peninsula for a sandstone quarry, when the sandstone played out, the Dillon family and subsequent owners raised sheep and grapes until the State acquired the property in 1967.
The Southampton Bay Wetland Natural Preserve makes up 70% of the park, the Southampton mudflat formed eroded upriver silt and clay deposits exceeds 1,000 feet thick. The principal habitats here are marsh, saltwater marsh and freshwater marsh. This rare and endangered wetland ecosystem is covered with plants such as salt grass, coyote bush. Bird’s-beak is an endangered gray-green annual herb in the snapdragon family, park mammals include the federally endangered northern salt marsh harvest mice. Other mammals living in the park are coyote, river otter, the beaver probably migrated from the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta in 2007. Historically, before the California Fur Rush of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It was Californias early fur trade, more than any single factor, that opened up the West. In 1840, explorer Captain Thomas Farnham wrote that There is probably no spot of equal extent in the continent of America which contains so many of these muchsought animals. Benicia SRA has been designated an Important Bird Area, providing habitat for endangered California clapper rails, other uncommon species include Virginia rails, Suisun song sparrows and salt marsh common yellowthroat.
On their journey along the Pacific Flyway, many waterfowl winter in the park, runners and roller skaters enjoy the parks 2.5 miles of road and bike paths. The Hike and Bike Trail—two parallel, accessible trails—begins at the Military West entrance and runs 0.75 miles to the park entrance. The trail system is part of the Bay Area Ridge Trail, most popular is the 1. 5-mile-long walk out to Dillon Point on the park road
Lost Creek State Park
The park is located at an elevation of 6,424 feet and features a short walking trail to Lost Creek Falls, which plunge 50 feet. Mountain goats and bighorn sheep are seen at the park. The park is open May 1 - November 30, the park offers camping, picnicking, bicycling and wildlife viewing. Lost Creek State Park Montana Fish and Parks
Fort Churchill State Historic Park
A1994 addition forms a corridor along the Carson River. The park is in Lyon County south of the town of Silver Springs, Fort Churchill was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The site is one end of the historic Fort Churchill and Sand Springs Toll Road and it is located on U. S. Route 95 Alternate,8 miles south of U. S. Route 50. In 1860 a band of Paiutes and Bannocks attacked Williams Station along the Carson River in retaliation for the kidnap, in retaliation a small group of volunteer soldiers and vigilantes led by Maj. William Ormsby attacked the Native Americans, starting the so-called Pyramid Lake War. Ormsbys force was defeated and in response Colonel John C. Hays and Captain Joseph Stewart led a force of volunteers. Regulars to defeat the Natives at the Second Battle of Pyramid Lake, Captain Stewart, leading the Regular contingent, afterward established a permanent U. S. Army fort along the Carson River near the location of where the hostilities began at Williams Station. The post was named Fort Churchill for Sylvester Churchill, Inspector General of the U. S.
Army, construction on the fort began on July 20,1860 and was completed in 1861. Built to provide protection for settlers and the mail route along the Pony Express. Average strength during this time was 200 soldiers, but the post was abandoned in 1869 shortly after the conclusion of the Civil War, the abandoned buildings were sold at an auction for $750 after the state of Nevada declined to take possession of the property. On October 6,1932, the state control of the 200 acres. With aid from the National Park Service, the ruins were partially restored to a state of arrested decay. In 1957, the became a part of Nevada’s state park system, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961. In 1994, the park service acquired 3,200 acres along the Carson River, east of the fort. This corridor connects Fort Churchill with Lahontan State Recreation Area and provides habitat for diverse plants and it is popular with campers, birdwatchers, canoeists and equestrians. Samuel S. Buckland came to the area in 1859 to begin ranching and his ranch served as an important way station along the Central Overland Route.
The Pony Express had a change of mounts at the ranch, when Fort Churchill was abandoned and being dismantled, Buckland salvaged materials to build the current two-story building seen today. The state park added this building to the Fort Churchill State Historic Site in 1997, the visitor center has exhibits on the history of Fort Churchill, Native Americans that inhabited the area, and natural features of the surrounding countryside. A 20-site campground is situated along the Carson River within a grove of trees with an adjacent group-camp
Bako National Park
Bako National Park is a national park in Kuching Division, Malaysia. Established in 1957, it is the oldest national park in Sarawak and it covers an area of 27.27 square kilometres at the tip of the Muara Tebas peninsula at the mouth of the Bako and Kuching Rivers. It is approximately 40 kilometres by road from Kuching, millions of years of erosion of the sandstone have created a coastline of steep cliffs, rocky headlands and stretches of white, sandy bays. Some of these formations can be seen on entry to the Teluk Assam Beach. The park can only be reached by a 20-minute boat ride from the village of Kampung Bako and it is often visited as a day-trip from Kuching, though accommodations are available. Bako is one of the smallest national parks in Sarawak, however, it features multiple biomes, abundant wildlife, jungle streams and waterfalls, secluded beaches, and trekking trails. A network of 16 marked walking trails of different lengths allows visitors access, in addition, various beaches are accessible by boat from Kampung Bako or Teluk Assam, as well as a geologically interesting sea stack rock formation.
The range of attractions and activities in a compact area have made Bako one of the most popular parks in Sarawak, the park was the final pit stop of The Amazing Race Asia 1. The unusual plant life includes a variety of plants as well as a huge variety of tree. Bako is home to approximately 150 endangered proboscis monkeys, which are endemic to Borneo, other animals include the long-tailed macaque, silvered langur, plantain squirrel, Bornean bearded pig, monitor lizards, and otters. All of these are present in the forest as well as near camp headquarters on Telok Assam beach, Bako is home to a number of lizards and snakes, most of which are harmless. Bako is a place for bird watching, with over 150 species recorded. Bakos nocturnal creatures include the colugo, mousedeer, various species of fruit-eating and insect-eating bats, slow loris and palm civet. Chinese Version Bako information Sarawak Forestry bakonationalpark. com Sarawak Forestry, Bako National Park Tourism Malaysia - Bako National Park TrekkingSarawak guide to national parks of Sarawak
Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park
Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park is a national park in the South West region of Western Australia,267 km south of Perth. It is named after the two locations at either end of the park which have lighthouses, Cape Leeuwin and Cape Naturaliste and it is located in the Augusta-Margaret River and Busselton council areas, and is claimed to have the highest visiting numbers of any national park in Western Australia. It has significant stands of karri and jarrah forest, as well as a network of caves – some of which are accessible by the public. The coastal area contains many beaches with well-known surf breaks, such as Supertubes, Yallingup beach. The vegetation found in the park varies from the coastal scrub-heath along the coastline that opens up into areas of peppermint trees, banksia. A large variety of species inhabit the park including many sea birds, red-eared firetail, white-breasted robin, rock parrot. Native mammals that can be found within the park include southern brown bandicoots, western grey kangaroos, western ringtail possums, since many competing land uses have created a complex land management scenario for state and local government authorities trying to mediate quite conflicting issues.
The national park is located on some of the most vulnerable land in the region, the ridges geology and the variations in vegetation are confined to a number of very narrow bands that follow the north–south orientation of the ridge. The ridge has a series of caves that run the length of the ridge. It has the known as Devils Lair which has important archaeological significance. In 2001, the Department of Environment and Conservation opened the Cape to Cape Track, Kate. and Frewer, Paul Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park Management plan, summary of public submissions, November 1988 Como, W. A, Dept. of Conservation and Land Management. Printer – in – Western Australian government gazette, Friday 18 September 1998, No.189
Frontenac State Park
Frontenac State Park is a state park of Minnesota, United States, on the Mississippi River 10 miles southeast of Red Wing. The park is both for its history and for its birdwatching opportunities. The centerpiece of the park is a 430-foot-high, 3-mile-long steep limestone bluff overlooking Lake Pepin, the bluff is variously called Garrards Bluff or Point No-Point, the latter name coming from riverboat captains because of the optical illusion that it protruded into the Mississippi River. There is a limestone arch on the blufftop called In-Yan-Teopa. Park lands entirely surround the town of Frontenac, once a resort at the end of the 19th century. The limestone was laid down 500 million years ago as organic sediments settled to the bottom of a sea that covered much of the Midwest. Much Glacial River Warren carried torrents of runoff from the glaciers of the last ice age. Flowing out of Lake Agassiz, Glacial River Warren carved the Minnesota River valley, at times Glacial River Warren overflowed its bed and Garrards Bluff would have been an island.
The area is near the extreme of the Driftless Area of Minnesota. In the present day, a creek flows through the end of the park into Lake Pepin. Wells Creek carries substantial amounts of sand eroded out of the nearby hills, as it hits the slow-moving river water, it drops its sediment load, creating a delta and Sand Point, a sand spit jutting perpendicularly out into the lake. Downstream the Chippewa River performs the action on a larger scale. This sediment blockage is what causes the Mississippi to widen into Lake Pepin, the forest on the bluff is a mix of maple, elm and aspen. The back of the transitions from this forest to lightly wooden meadows to prairie. The eastern end of the park is a bottomland forest of cottonwood, the park is home to mammalian species of deer, coyote, red fox, woodchuck and various ground squirrels. On the Mississippi Flyway, the Frontenac area has known for birdwatching since 1900. 260 bird species have been sighted in Frontenac State Park, bald eagles and golden eagles are seen around the bluff.
The bottomland forest is excellent habitat for warblers, Sand Point is a popular rest-stop for migrants, including ruddy turnstones and sanderlings