Green Line "B" Branch
One of four branches of the Green Line, the B Branch runs from Boston College station down the median of Commonwealth Avenue to Blandford Street. There, it enters Blandford Street Portal into Kenmore station, where it merges with the C and D branches, the combined services run into the Boylston Street Subway and Tremont Street Subway to downtown Boston. As of 2016, B Branch service terminates at Park Street, the Green Line Rivalry between Boston College and Boston University is named in reference to the B Branch, which runs to both universities. Trains between Lake Street and downtown Boston used tracks on Beacon Street, now part of the C Branch, from Kenmore Square they continued east on Beacon Street, turned south on Massachusetts Avenue and east on Boylston Street to Park Square. In 1900 tracks were installed on the rest of Commonwealth Avenue and this enabled trains to use Commonwealth Avenue between Lake Street and Kenmore Square. In 1909, the tracks were electrified, the Boylston Street Subway opened on October 3,1914, extending the underground portion to the Kenmore Incline just east of Kenmore Square.
On October 23,1932 the Blandford Street Incline opened along with the underground Kenmore station, a turnback loop at Boston University Field was present from 1915 to January 14,1962. It was used for service to special events as well as to short-turn some rush hour trains, from 1942 to 1967, the route was known by the map number of 62. In 1967, the lines were given colors and the Green Line branches were lettered, the Commonwealth Avenue Line became the B Branch. Until 1931, the line looped at Park Street. On February 7 of that year, the Commonwealth Avenue service was extended east through downtown to loop at Lechmere, the line has 27 level crossings and 18 stops on the surface section. In late 2003, the MBTA proposed eliminating five surface stops as part of a project to improve the line, the five stops were chosen because they had low ridership and were located very close to other stations. After a public comment period, Chiswick Road was removed from the proposal, on April 20,2004, the other four stops were closed as a 6-to-8-month pilot program.
On March 15,2005, after a survey showed that 73% of 1,142 riders surveyed approved of the closures, the MBTA board voted to make the closures permanent. The four stops, which are not handicapped-accessible, would be turned into two fully accessible stops as part of a redesign of Commonwealth Avenue between the BU Bridge and Packards Corner. Trains on the B Branch only travel from Park Street to Boston College, the segment from Park Street to Kenmore is shared with the three other branches. There is no MBTA parking at any B Branch stations, MBTA - Green Line B Branch
Boggabilla railway line
The Boggabilla railway line is a disused railway line in New South Wales, Australia. It branches from the Mungindi railway line at Camurra and ran for 130 kilometes to Boggabilla, when the line was first approved, few could have envisaged the development of grain production after the 1940s in the area. It was mainly grazing country then, the Boggabilla line was authorised mainly to ensure that the output of graziers in the area went south through New South Wales ports rather than north, across the border to Queensland. The line involved only light earthworks, but did include a number of watercourses to be crossed, by mid-1928, clearing had been completed to the 23-mile point and work steadily continued until 1930 when due to a shortage of funds, work closed down for six months. The line was opened throughout on 20 June 1932. Upon opening, the service comprised a twice weekly mixed train running from Moree to Boggabilla on Mondays and Fridays. From 24 February 1936, a weekly CPH railmotor service was introduced and this was increased to thrice weekly, Mondays and Fridays.
These railmotor services were day returns from Moree, goods trains operated as well. Bulk wheat storage at locations along the line first appeared in 1956 bringing additional traffic to the line,48 class diesel locomotives first appeared in 1959, speeding up the movement of grain and other freight. Passenger services came to a halt on 3 August 1974. Goods services diminished at this time, being replaced by road trucks working out of Moree, by 1978, rail services were largely worked on a seasonal basis, hauling wheat, and an occasional train to Boggabilla to collect sleepers milled locally. Since the 1970s, the lines radiating out of Moree have been basically on a basis only. The stationmaster at Boggabilla was withdrawn in 1979, in 1987, the line was truncated at North Star and grain was road trucked to the silos there and at Crooble. The last train to run to Boggabilla was on 23 November 1987, in November 2013, the remainder of the line was booked out of use. It is able to be reopened with 14 days notice, being reopened in full for three weeks from 28 July 2014, the line may be reused as part of a proposed new Melbourne to Brisbane inland rail corridor
IND Eighth Avenue Line
The IND Eighth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line in New York City, United States, and is part of the B Division of the New York City Subway. Opened in 1932, it was the first line of the Independent Subway System, most of the line has four tracks, with one local and one express track in each direction, except for the extreme north and south ends, where only the two express tracks continue. The line is signaled as Line A, with tracks A1, A3, A4, and A2 from west to east, running from approximately 800 at the south end to 1540 at the north end. The line runs from 207th Street in Inwood south to an interlocking south of High Street in Brooklyn Heights, including large sections under St. Nicholas Avenue, Central Park West, and Eighth Avenue. The entire length is underground, though the 207th Street Yard, flying junctions are provided with the IND Concourse Line, IND Sixth Avenue Line, and IND Queens Boulevard Line. Between 59th Street–Columbus Circle and 145th Street, the line can be called the Central Park West Line, the whole line is served at all times by the A train, which runs express except during late nights.
The C provides local service south of 168th Street while the A runs express, the following services use part or all of the Eighth Avenue Line. The trunk lines bullets are colored blue, The Eighth Avenue begins as a two-track subway under Broadway at 207th Street in Inwood. A flying junction just to the south brings two tracks from the 207th Street Yard between the tracks, merging after Dyckman Street. The subway leaves Broadway to pass under Fort Tryon Park to the end of Fort Washington Avenue. The small 174th Street Yard lies under Broadway, with two tracks exiting to the south under that roadway, when the lower level was added in 1962, it instead carried a roadway. The two main tracks from Fort Washington Avenue enter Broadway near 171st Street, running underneath the tracks in a double-decker tunnel. A few blocks later, the tracks separate to straddle the yard tracks at 168th Street. The local/express split begins here, with the tracks coming from the yard. Contrary to standard practice, the two tracks are in the center and the two express tracks are on the outside.
Except during late nights, the service ends at 168th Street, reversing direction on the yard tracks. South of 168th Street, the express tracks lower below the tracks, forming another double-decker tunnel. North of 145th Street, the tracks rise into the center
Sekihoku Main Line
Sekihoku Main Line is a Japanese railway line in Hokkaido, operated by Hokkaido Railway Company between Shin-Asahikawa in Asahikawa and Abashiri Station in Abashiri. The name comes from Ishikari Province and Kitami Province, names of ancient provinces along the line, distances Hokkaido Railway Company Whole line, from Shin-Asahikawa to Abashiri,234.0 km Japan Freight Railway Company From Shin-Asahikawa to Kitami,181. The limited rapid train Kitami operates between Asahikawa and Kitami, with one return service daily, local services along the line are roughly divided into three segments. In the segment between Asahikawa and Kamikawa, the functions as a commuter rail of Asahikawa City. There is one train service per one to two hours. The segment between Kamikawa and Engaru is a populated area. Between Kakikawa and Shirataki, a train runs one lap per day. For the segment between Engaru and Abashiri, there is one train service per one to two hours. LE, Limited Express R, Rapid All trains stop at stations marked +, some trains stop at those marked *.
No trains stop at those marked -, the principal route between Sapporo and Okhotsk Subprefecture has changed several times. Originally, the route was the Hakodate Main Line to Asahikawa, the southbound Nemuro Main Line and the line from Ikeda. The route shortened by 53.5 km when the section between Takikawa and Furano on the Nemuro Main Line opened in 1913, another route, northbound from Asahikawa to Nayoro, southeast to Kitami was completed as the Nayoro Main Line and Yūbetsu Line in 1921. A third route was a shortcut between Asahikawa and Engaru, straight through the Kitami Pass, the Sekihoku Line, completed in 1932, finally completed the main route still used today. The current Sekihoku Main Line consists of the remnants of three lines. The first of the sections to open was from Abashiri to Kitami in 1912. The Kitami to Engaru line was opened between 1912 and 1915 as a 762 mm gauge line, but was converted to 1,067 mm gauge in 1916, the Asahikawa to Kamikawa section opened between 1922 and 1923, and the Engaru to Shiritaki section between 1927 and 1929.
The final section, including the Ishikita tunnel, opened in 1932, in July 2015, JR Hokkaido announced that it would be closing four stations line in March 2016, due to low passenger usage. List of railway lines in Japan This article incorporates material from the article in the Japanese Wikipedia
Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, known as tracks. It is referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a flat surface. Tracks usually consist of rails, installed on ties and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface. Rolling stock in a transport system generally encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger. The operation is carried out by a company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway system or produce their own power. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system, Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport. The oldest, man-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC, with Periander, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, Rail transport blossomed after the British development of the steam locomotive as a viable source of power in the 19th centuries.
With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships. The change from canals to railways allowed for markets in which prices varied very little from city to city. In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, and the first tramways, starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by 2000. During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan, other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use. The history of the growth and restoration to use of transport can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of motive power used.
The earliest evidence of a railway was a 6-kilometre Diolkos wagonway, trucks pushed by slaves ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element. The Diolkos operated for over 600 years, Railways began reappearing in Europe after the Dark Ages. The earliest known record of a railway in Europe from this period is a window in the Minster of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany
The Kisuki Line is a railway line in Japan operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 81.9 km line connects Shinji in Matsue, Shimane with Bingo Ochiai in Shōbara, kiHa 120 DMUs The line opened on 18 December 1932, operating between Kisuki and Izumo Minari. With the privatization of Japanese National Railways on 1 April 1987, list of railway lines in Japan
Tobu Ogose Line
The Tobu Ogose Line is a 10.9 km mostly single-track branchline in Saitama Prefecture, operated by the private railway operator Tobu Railway. It runs from Sakado Station on the Tobu Tojo Line to Ogose Station, service consists of four trains per hour in each direction during the daytime, increased to six trains per hour in the morning and evening peak periods. Services are formed of 4-car 8000 series electric multiple unit trains, Ōya Station, between Ippommatsu and Nishi-Ōya stations. Since June 2008, all Ogose Line services are formed of 4-car 8000 series EMU trains, the line first opened as a freight line operated by the Ogose Railway between Sakado and the Komagawa River on 17 February 1932. The line was extended from Morido to Ogose on 16 December 1934, from 1 July 1943, the Ogose Railway was absorbed into the Tobu Railway, and the line was renamed the Tobu Ogose Line. From 1 December 1944, all services on the line were suspended, services were not resumed until 1 December 1945. The line was electrified in July 1950 at 1,500 V DC, CTC signalling was commissioned on 1 October 1959, the first use of this system by the Tobu company.
Freight services between Nishi-Oya and Ogose ceased on 21 February 1984, and between Sakado and Nishi-Oya on 1 August 1984, on 25 August 1987, the Bushu-Nagase to Higashi-Moro section was double-tracked. Through trains to and from Ikebukuro and Kawagoeshi on the Tojo Line operated until the 1970s, between 1996 and 2003, a special direct Ogose Kanbai train was operated between Ikebukuro and Ogose on certain weekends in February during the plum blossom viewing season. This train initially ran non-stop from Ikebukuro to Ogose, but, in subsequent years, included stops at Asakadai, from 2004 until 2007, regular scheduled trains on the Ogose Line were decorated with an Ogose Kanbai headboard for one day during March. The Ogose Line switched to driver-only operation from the start of the timetable on 14 June 2008. The start of operation involved the installation of platform edge sensors at all stations on the Ogose Line. From 17 March 2012, station numbering was introduced on all Tobu lines, Tobu Tojo Line and Ogose Line stations were numbered prefixed with the letters TJ.
List of railway lines in Japan Official website