Alfa Romeo 1900
The Alfa Romeo 1900 is an automobile produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1950 to 1959. Designed by Orazio Satta, it was an important development for Alfa Romeo as the marques first car built entirely on a production line and it was the first Alfa Romeo offered with left-hand drive. The car was introduced at the 1950 Paris Motor Show, the 1900 was offered in two-door or four-door models, with a new 1,884 cc,90 bhp, 4-cylinder twin cam engine. It was spacious and simple, yet quick and sporty, the slogan Alfa used when selling it was The family car that wins races, not-so-subtly alluding to the cars success in the Targa Florio, Stella Alpina, and other competitions. In 1951 the short wheelbase 1900C version was introduced and it had a wheelbase of 2,500 mm. In the same year the 1900TI with a more powerful 100 bhp engine was introduced, it had bigger valves, two years the 1900 Super and 1900 TI Super with 1975 cc engine were introduced. The TI Super had two double carburetors and 115 bhp, transmission was a 4-speed manual on basic versions and 5-speed manual in Super Sprint version, the brakes were drum brakes.
The 1900 had independent front suspension and live rear axle, production at the companys Milan plant continued until 1959, a total of 21,304 were built, including 17,390 of the saloons. The chassis was designed specifically to allow coachbuilders to rebody it, the Alfa Romeo 1900M AR51 is a four-wheel drive off-road vehicle based on the 1900-series. Alfa Romeo gave official contracts to Touring to build the sporty 1900 Sprint coupé and to Pinin Farina to build an elegant four seat Cabriolet, the availability of a suitable chassis led to many other coachbiulders to build versions of the 1900. Below is a sortable list of coachbuilt Alfa Romeo 1900s, in 1954 Alfa Romeo made two spiders and two coupés using similar chassis as the C52 Disco Volante. In Bertone, Franco Scaglione penned two unique aluminium bodies, a coupé and a spider, the coupé was known as 2000 Sportiva. It weighs 2,000 pounds and has 138 horsepower, the acceleration is on par with most contemporary exotics and top speed is around 137 mph
Alpina B10 Bi-Turbo
The Alpina B10 Bi-Turbo is a high performance version of the BMW5 Series E34 executive car built by Alpina. Beginning production in 1989, the B10 Bi-Turbo was based on the 535i and received upgrades by Alpina. Production ended in 1994 with 507 examples produced, based on the E34 535i and developed at a cost of $3.2 million, the B10 Bi-Turbo was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1989. 4-0.8 bar, adjustable from the drivers seat. A Getrag 290 5-speed manual transmission was specified to handle the power, modifications to the suspension included Alpina-spec springs and anti-roll bars. Bilstein shocks were used on front and automatic-load levelling units by Fichtel & Sachs were used in the rear, front rotors were large 13. 1-inch discs from UK-based Lucas Girling, bigger even than the 12. 8-inch pieces found on the E34 M5. Michelin MXX tires were standard as was BMWs Automatic Stability Control, the company claimed a 0–100 km/h time of 5.6 sec and a top speed over 290 km/h putting it in the same league as a Ferrari Testarossa.
In the September 1991 issue of Road & Track Paul Frère wrote, despite a base price tag of 146,800 DM, nearly twice the price of an E34 M5, the B10 Bi-Turbo became the best-selling single model in Alpina history up until that point. The six year production run beginning in 1989 ended in August 1994 with 507 examples produced, production ended with the termination of M30 motors by BMW in 1993. The final 50 M30 blocks were shipped to Alpina for use in the final 50 B10 Bi-Turbos, HB, « Die B-Handlung », Sport Auto, #5, May 1990. Götz Leyrer, « Duell in der Wonne », Motor und Sport, « Croisière à300 à lheure », Auto Hebdo, #749,17 October 1990. Auto Hebdo Sport, #391, November 1990, kevin Blick, « Vintage Alpina », Performance Car, November 1990. « Der Sinn des Strebens », Motor und Sport, « Worlds fastest cars », Road & Track, #9, September 1991. « 360CV dans une berline au sommet », BMWorld, #4, « Saloonacy », Classic & Sports car, #1,2004. Maxime Joly, Alpina B10 Biturbo e34, Autoroute racer, automobile-sportive.
com,27 February 2010, alexander Bernt, Alpinas Turbo-Tiere, Auto Bild,9 June 2011 McAleer, Brendan. Iron fist in a glove, Alpinas were always posh hot rods
A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation and a product of the automotive industry. The year 1886 is regarded as the year of the modern car. In that year, German inventor Karl Benz built the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, cars did not become widely available until the early 20th century. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the United States of America, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, cars are equipped with controls used for driving, passenger comfort and safety, and controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, examples include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, and in car entertainment. Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by a combustion engine. Both fuels cause air pollution and are blamed for contributing to climate change.
Vehicles using alternative fuels such as ethanol flexible-fuel vehicles and natural gas vehicles are gaining popularity in some countries, electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are costs and benefits to car use, the costs of car usage include the cost of, acquiring the vehicle, interest payments and auto maintenance, depreciation, driving time, parking fees and insurance. The costs to society of car use include, maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide. The benefits may include transportation, independence. The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies and it was estimated in 2010 that the number of cars had risen to over 1 billion vehicles, up from the 500 million of 1986. The numbers are increasing rapidly, especially in China, the word car is believed to originate from the Latin word carrus or carrum, or the Middle English word carre.
In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros, the Gaulish language was a branch of the Brythoic language which used the word Karr, the Brythonig language evolved into Welsh where Car llusg and car rhyfel still survive. It originally referred to any wheeled vehicle, such as a cart, carriage. Motor car is attested from 1895, and is the formal name for cars in British English. Autocar is a variant that is attested from 1895
The 1955 Dodge lineup, consisting of the entry-level Coronet and ornate Custom Royal, was a major departure for the company. Driven almost out of business in 1953 and 1954, the Chrysler Corporation was revived with a $250 million loan from Prudential, the Dodge lineup was positioned as the mainstream line in Chryslers hierarchy, between DeSoto and Plymouth. The 1955 Dodge was all-new with a longer 120 in wheelbase and 212.1 in overall length than the 1954 cars and they shared their basic mechanicals with the DeSoto Custom, but featured special styling. These cars lasted through the 1955 and 1956 model years before being replaced by the all-new 1957 design, there were six body styles and four trim lines for 1955, The Coronet was the base model. This was the line to feature the 230 in³ Getaway I6 as well as the 270 in³ Red Ram V8. Coronets were available in all body styles except the convertible, sedans feature Coronet badges on the fenders, while the station wagons are called Suburban. Although the hardtop coupe was officially named Lancer, it wore only Coronet badges, turn signals were standard on the Royal and Custom Royal models but optional on the base Coronet.
The Royal were the step up. Featuring only the V8 engine, the Royal lacked the 2-door sedan, early hardtop coupes lack the Lancer script, although they were officially Lancers, but models wore Royal Lancer badges. The flagship model was the Custom Royal, all hardtop coupe and Custom Royal-only convertible models were called Custom Royal Lancer, and the Custom Royal sedan gained the Lancer badge soon after its introduction as well. The Custom line featured unique chrome tailfins, special tail light surrounds, backup lights were standard on the Custom line but optional on all others. The Custom Royal featured the hemi 270 CID Super Red Ram engine, see Dodge La Femme The La Femme was a special package oriented towards women, who made up an increasing share of Dodge buyers. It came in Heather Rose and Sapphire White colors and included a cape, umbrella, changes to the car include built-in compartments in the seatbacks to hold these accessories. The 1956 D-500 was a model derived from the standard 1956 Dodge.
It included a heavy duty suspension and other chassis upgrades from the New Yorker and Imperial lines, upgraded brakes, a four-barrel Carter carburetor pushed output to 260 hp and 330 lb·ft. The 3-speed manual transmission was standard, with the PowerFlite 2-speed automatic as an option, a rare NASCAR-specific option was the D-500-1, which upped power to 285 hp. The D-500 originally used only the Coronet 2-door sedan and Royal Lancer hardtop, for the 1957 model year, Chrysler embarked on a second total linewide redesign. While many of the quality issues were resolved for the 1958 model year, which brought about some minor styling tweaks,1959 Dodges were facelifted to gain a heavy, drooping look with hooded headlamps
Alfa Romeo Giulia
Alfa Romeo was one of the first mainstream manufacturers to put a powerful engine in a light-weight 1,000 kilograms four-door car for mass production. The Type 105 Giulia was equipped with a light alloy twin overhead camshaft four-cylinder engine similar to that of the earlier Giulietta range, various configurations of carburetors and tuning produced power outputs from about 80 to about 110 bhp, coupled in most cases to 5-speed manual transmission. Giulia sedans were noted for handling and impressive acceleration among small European four-door sedans of their era. When leaving the factory all variations of the Giulia originally fitted either Pirelli Cinturato 165HR14 tyres or Pirelli Cinturato 155HR15 tyres, the styling of the boxy four-door notchback saloon was somewhat wanting. The engine bay and boot were all square shaped, buffered somewhat by details on the grill, roofline and boot. Use of a tunnel during development led to a very aerodynamic shape that produced a drag coefficient of Cd=0.34.
The Giulia Spider was succeeded by the Alfa Romeo Spider in 1966, note and engine type numbers displayed in italic for each model are sourced from Fusi 1978, pages 841–848. Unveiled on 27 June 1962 at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, the Alfa Romeo Giulia TI was the very first of the Giulia family of cars to be introduced. Its 1,570 cc Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine was fitted with a single Solex 33 PAIA7 twin-choke down-draft carburettor, and produced 92 DIN-rated PS or 106 SAE-rated PS at 6,200 rpm. The car was marketed as a six-seater, thanks to a standard column-mounted shifter, in May 1964 a floor shifter became available, to be ordered solely in conjunction with the newly introduced separate front seats. Around the same time a right hand drive model variant entered production, in February 1966 several changes were made. The floor shifter became standard, the received new seats, a new dashboard with triple round instruments in place of the strip speedometer. From outside these TIs can be recognized by L-shaped chrome strips around the lights which supplanted the previous C-shaped ones.
Production of the Giulia TI ceased during 1967, it was replaced by the Giulia 1600 S as the entry-level 1. 6-litre model and it was introduced to the press at the Monza race track on 24 April 1963. In total only 501 were made,178 in 1963 and 3231964, on 2 May 1964 the TI Super received international FIA and Italian CSAI homologation for racing, and was extensively campaigned in the European Touring Car Challenge. Today the Giulia TI Super is rare and considered very desirable by collectors, the TI Supers 1,570 cc engine was the same installed on the Giulia Sprint Speciale coupé—though bearing a different type code. Dry weight was 910 kilograms compared to 1,000 kg of the standard Giulia TI, braking was by discs all around, although the first cars used drums. Cars built from August 1964 used the bodyshell of the TI with mounting points for the brake servo, on the inside both the gear shifter and the handbrake lever were moved to the floor
Alfa Romeo Giulia (952)
The Alfa Romeo Giulia is a compact executive car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It was premiered in June 2015, with launch scheduled for February 2016. The Giulia is the first saloon by Alfa Romeo in over two decades to use a longitudinal engined rear-wheel drive platform, since the 75 was discontinued in 1992, Giulia was second in the Car of the Year 2017 competition. The Giulia has been the subject of a long gestation and delayed launch dates and it is underpinned by an all-new, longitudinal-engined, rear-wheel drive platform developed for Alfa Romeo—codenamed Giorgio. Development of the Giulia, and indeed of the entire Giorgio project, has been overseen by Ferrari technical director and secondee, the occasion coincided with companys 105th anniversary, which saw the company debuted a restyled logo for all future Alfa Romeo models. The Giulia was presented under the new La meccanica delle emozioni slogan, the car is assembled at FCA Italys Cassino Plant in, in central Italy.
Pre-series production emerged in late August 2015, with production and sales originally scheduled for November 2015 and February 2016. The production of Giulia started on 19 April 2016, the Giulia uses a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, featuring an even 50% front and 50% rear weight distribution. Suspension is independent all-around, of the double wishbone type at the front, All Giulia models employ a carbon-fibre drive shaft made by Hitachi Automotive Systems, as well as aluminium alloy shock towers, suspension components, front wings and doors. Four-wheel drive models will be offered, besides the high-performance Quadrifoglios twin turbo 90° V6, the engine line-up will comprise turbocharged six- and four-cylinder petrol engines, as well as six- and four-cylinder turbodiesels. A four-cylinder and a V6, the latter different from the Quadrifoglios, diesel engines are built in Pratola Serra plant. The first models on sale from February 2016 will be the new 2.2 L Multijet II turbodiesel and the 2.9 L V6 Quadrifoglio.
A2.0 L MultiAir2 turbo petrol engine was announced at the time of the Giulia Quadrifoglio making its North American debut at the Los Angeles Auto Show in November 2015,2.0 liter gasoline engines are part of all new FCA Global Medium Engine family. Alfa version of GME will share up to 70% parts with GME for other FCA brands, the eight-speed automatic transmission is co-developed with ZF. The high-performance Giulia Quadrifoglio was the first model in the new Giulia range to be revealed and it made its official world debut at the 2015 Frankfurt Motorshow. The Carabinieri took delivery of two Alfa Romeo Giulia Quadrifoglios wrapped in blue paint, that appear virtually black. They sport red stripes over the car and have flashing lights over the chin spoilers, the Quadrifoglio competes with cars such as the Mercedes-AMG C63, BMW M3 and Cadillac ATS-V. The Quadrifoglio is powered by an all-aluminium, twin-turbocharged 90° V6 petrol engine, with a displacement of just under half a litre
Alfa Romeo Alfetta
The Alfa Romeo Alfetta was an executive saloon and fastback coupé produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1972 to 1987. It was popular due to its combination of a modest weight with powerful engines, the Alfetta introduced a new drivetrain layout to the marque. Clutch and transmission were housed at the rear of the car, together with the differential for a balanced weight distribution. The suspension relied on double wishbones and torsion bars at the front, when leaving the factory all Alfettas originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 165HR14 tyres. The rear de Dion transaxle found on the Alfetta and derivatives- GTV,90, the advantages to handling were noticed in contemporary commentaries by motor testers such as Vicar. The transaxle design, in combination with a Watts parallelogram linkage, inboard rear brakes, the front suspension design was unusual in that it incorporated independent longitudinal torsion bar springs acting directly onto the lower wishbones and with separate dampers.
The Alfetta saloon was launched in 1972, equipped with a 1. 8-litre four-cylinder, at the 1975 Brussels Motor Show Alfa Romeo introduced the 1,594 cc,108 PS Alfetta 1.6 base model, easily recognizable by its single, larger round front headlights. Meanwhile, the 1. 8-litre Alfetta was rebadged Alfetta 1.8, engines in both models were Alfa Romeo Twin Cams, with two overhead camshafts, 8-valves and two double-barrel carburettors. Two years the 1.6 was upgraded to the exterior and interior features of the 1.8, in 1977 a 2. 0-litre model was added. Launched at the March Geneva Motor Show, the Alfetta 2000 replaced the outgoing Alfa Romeo 2000, inside there were a new dashboard, steering wheel and upholstery materials. Just a year later, in July 1978, the model was updated becoming the Alfetta 2000 L. Engine output rose from 122 PS to 130 PS, inside upholstery was changed again, the Alfetta 2000 was sold as the Alfa Romeo Sport Sedan in the United States, where Alfetta did not have the same cachet as in Europe.
The 2000 received fuel injection in 1979, a turbodiesel version was introduced in late 1979, the Alfetta Turbo D, whose engine was supplied by VM Motori. Apart from a boot lid badge, the Turbo D was equipped and finished like the top-of-the-line 2000 L both outside and inside. Therefore, it received an unusual in diesels of this era. The turbodiesel, a first on an Alfa Romeos passenger car, was of 2.0 litres, the Alfetta Turbo D was sold mostly in Italy and in France, as well as a few other continental European markets where the tax structure suited this model. Called Alfetta CEM, it was shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show, an initial batch of ten examples were assigned to taxi drivers in Milan, to verify operation and performance in real-world situations. 0-litre. After the first trial, in 1983 a small series of 1000 examples was put on sale, despite this second experimental phase, the project had no further developments
Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Speciale
The Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Speciale and Alfa Romeo Giulia Sprint Speciale, known as Giulietta SS and Giulia SS, are small sports cars manufactured by Alfa Romeo from 1959 to 1966. The first prototype of the Giulietta SS was presented in 1957 at the Turin Motor Show, after two more prototypes were presented in car shows, the official presentation of the production version for the press was on 24 June 1959 on the Monza race track. The first 101 cars produced had low nose and 750 SS designation,100 cars minimum were needed to homologate a car in FIA regulations. While there were some all-aluminium cars produced, the majority of cars had steel bodies with aluminium doors, engine bonnet. Also first cars were equipped with Weber 40 DCO3 carburettors, changed to 40 DCOE2, the drag coefficient of the Sprint Speciale is 0.28, the same as a Chevrolet Corvette, and was not surpassed for more than twenty years. Cars used the 1,290 cc Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, small changes to a production version included steel doors, Weber 40 DCOE2 carburetors, higher front nose, removal of plexiglas windows.
Bumpers were fitted front and rear, cars had some minimal sound-proofing, with the 1290 cc engine and 100 hp of power the maximum speed was around 200 km/h. The 1.3 litre engine and gearbox was the same as used in race-oriented Giulietta Sprint Zagato, all Giuliettas SS had three-shoe drum brakes at front wheels and drum brakes at the rear. Side badges had Giulietta Sprint Speciale script, Giulia Sprint Speciale Bertone Prototipo The bigger engine 1.6 L Giulia series replaced the Giulietta and was introduced at the March 1963 Geneva Motor Show. As Giulietta is the diminutive for Giulia in Italian, the new Giulia name was a wordplay hinting that the new car was a version of the Giulietta. In spite of a Giulia SS prototype, Alfa Romeo decided to retain the Giulietta-shaped SS in production, the 1, 570cc engine made up to 200 km/h possible. The 1, 570cc engine with Weber 40 DCOE2 carburetors was taken from Giulia Sprint Veloce, most Giulia SS had disc brakes at front wheels. An easy way to distinguish the Giulia SS from the Giulietta SS is by the dashboard, the Giulia has a leather underside with the glovebox at a different angle than the main fascia.
The dashboard in the Giulietta is sloping and painted in one colour without a leather underside, side badges carried Giulia SS scripts. Production ended in 1965, with a last single Sprint Speciale completed in 1966,1,366 Giulietta Sprint Speciale and 1,400 Giulia Sprint Speciale were produced. 25 cars were converted to right hand drive by RuddSpeed, Alfa Romeo Giulietta Alfa Romeo Giulia SSZ Stradale Media related to Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Speciale at Wikimedia Commons Sprint Speciale Register
Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina
The Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina and Alfa Romeo 2000 Berlina were executive cars produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1968 to 1977. Berlina is the Italian term for a saloon car, both cars had Alfa Romeo twin cam inline-four engines, the 1. 8-litre 1750 Berlina was made between 1968 and 1971, when it was phased out in favour of the improved 2. 0-litre 2000 Berlina. The 1. 8-litre engined 1750 series cars were introduced by Alfa Romeo in 1968, the 1750 Berlina 4-door notchback saloon was presented to the international press in January 1968 in Vietri sul Mare, together with the 1750 GT Veloce coupé and Spider Veloce. Some days it was displayed at the Brussels Motor Show, the 1750 Berlina was based on the existing Giulia saloon, which continued in production. The 1750 was meant to top the range, above the 1300 and 1600 cc versions of the Giulia. In the United States, the Giulia saloon ceased to be available and was replaced by the 1750 Berlina. The 1750 entered full production in South Africa in early 1969, the 1750 bodyshell had a longer wheelbase than the Giulia, and revised external panels, but it shared many of the same internal panels.
The windscreen was the same, the revisions were carried out by Bertone, and while it resembled the Giulia some of that vehicles distinctive creases were smoothed out, and there were significant changes to the trim details. The cars taillights were used on the De Tomaso Longchamp, the car has a 1779 cc twin-carb engine and hydraulic clutch. The 1.8 L engine produced 118 PS with two twin sidedraught carburettors, for the US market the 1750 was equipped with SPICA fuel injection. In 1971, the 1750 Berlina was fitted with an experimental three-speed ZF automatic gearbox, the model designation was 1750A Berlina. According to official Alfa Romeo archives,252 units were produced very few surviving to this day. Some of 1750A Berlina didnt have the plate with production date embossed. The automatic gearbox wasnt well-suited to the motor due to baulky shifting. Because of this, its consumption was frighteningly high and acceleration was a bit too slow. During 1971 the 1750 series was superseded across the Alfa Romeo range by the 2000 series, at the top of the saloon line, some 83 final 1750 Berlinas were assembled in 1972. A direct replacement in the 1.
8-litre saloon class came that same year, the Alfa Romeo 2000 Berlina was produced by Alfa Romeo between 1971 and 1977. The engine was bored and stroked out to 1,962 cc, a different grill distinguishes 2000 from 1750
Four-wheel drive, 4×4, and 4WD, is a form of drivetrain capable of providing power to all wheel ends of a two-axled vehicle simultaneously. It may be full-time, or on-demand, and is linked via a transfer case which provides an additional output drive-shaft. When a four-wheeled vehicle has power supplied to axles, this is described as all-wheel drive. However, four-wheel drive typically refers to a set of components and functions, and/or intended offroad application. 4×4/4WD/AWD systems were developed in different markets and used in many different vehicle platforms. There is no universally accepted set of terminology to describe the various architectures, the terms used by various manufactures often reflect marketing rather than engineering considerations or significant technical differences between systems. Four-by-four refers to the class of vehicles. The first figure represents the total wheels, and the second, syntactically, 4×2 means a four-wheel vehicle that transmits engine power to only two axle-ends, the front two in front-wheel drive or the rear two in rear-wheel drive.
Alternatively, a 6×4 vehicle has three axles, two of which power to two wheel ends each. Four wheel drive refers to vehicles with two axles providing power to four wheel ends, in the North American market the term generally refers to a system that is optimized for off-road driving conditions. The term 4WD is typically designated for vehicles equipped with a transfercase which switches between 2WD and 4WD operating modes, either manually or automatically. All wheel drive historically was synonymous with four-wheel drive on four-wheeled vehicles, and six-wheel drive on 6×6s, today in North America the term is applied to both heavy vehicles as well as light passenger vehicles. Typical AWD systems work well on all surfaces, but are not intended for more extreme off-road use, some all wheel drive electric vehicles solve this challenge using one motor for each axle, thereby eliminating a mechanical differential between the front and rear axles. An example of this is the dual motor variant of the Tesla Model S, individual-wheel drive was coined to identify those electric vehicles whereby each wheel is driven by its own individual electric motor.
This system essentially has inherent characteristics that would be attributed to four-wheel drive systems like the distribution of the available power to the wheels. However, because of the inherent characteristics of electric motors, torque can be negative, as seen in the Rimac Concept One and this can have drastic effects, as in better handling in tight corners. The term IWD can refer to a vehicle with any number of wheels, for example, the Mars rovers are 6-wheel IWD. Two wheels fixed to the same turn at the same speed as a vehicle goes around curves
Alfa Romeo Giulia TZ
The Alfa Romeo Giulia TZ was a sports car and racing car manufactured by Alfa Romeo from 1963 to 1967. In 2011, the name was reduced from Giulia TZ to TZ in the new TZ3 model, the original TZ, currently sometimes referenced as TZ1 to differ from TZ2, was developed in together with Autodelta, a company led by Ex-Ferrari engineer Carlo Chiti. The result was a lightweight coupé of only 650 kilograms and top speed of 134 miles per hour, the TZ was built both for street and racing trim, with the latest racing versions producing up to 160 brake horsepower. Aiding the TZ in its quest for performance was the treatment of the rear bodywork, incorporating the research of Dr. Wunibald Kamm, the TZ used a style called coda tronca in Italian, meaning short tail. Otherwise known as the Kamm tail, Zagato had previously proved the success of this tail treatment in their coda tronca Sprint Zagato sports-racing cars, and it was a natural evolution to adapt this to the Giulia TZ. The car debuted at the 1963 FISA Monza Cup, where TZs took the first four places in the prototype category, at the beginning of 1964 the TZ was homologated to the Gran Turismo category.
After homologation it started to take more class wins in Europe, of the first TZ,112 units were built between 1963 and 1965. Only built as limited amount these TZ models are quite collectibles nowadays, listed price around 150,1,570 cc straight-4 DOHC112 bhp at 6500 rpm,160 bhp In 1965 the car was updated with new fibreglass bodywork providing lower drag and reduced weight. This new version was made by Zagato. The new design was called the Alfa Romeo Giulia TZ2, the TZ2 was only built as racing version, it was equipped with an Autodelta-prepared twin plug, dry sump lubrication 1,570 cc straight-4 DOHC engine producing around 170 brake horsepower at 7000 rpm. With this engine the car reached top speed of 152 miles per hour, the rear window was changed, now single unit rather than three part window in TZ. Development of TZ cars was stopped in the end of 1965, the car won the prestigious Gran Turismo Trophy at the 2009 Pebble Beach Concours dElegance. The TZ3 was built in two forms, celebrating Alfa Romeos centenary in two different heritages, the Alfa Romeo TZ3 Corsa is the track version of the TZ3 built to celebrate 100 years of Alfa Romeo in racing.
The Corsa is a car that was first presented at, and won. This unique car, based on the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione, was made for German collector Martin Kapp and is not intended for sale or for competitions. The car weighs 850 kg thanks to its carbon fiber frame, the car has a 6-speed sequential gearbox, it reaches a top speed of over 300 km/h and it can accelerate from zero to 100 km/h in 3.5 seconds. The chassis is a monocoque with some tubular elements. The suspension setup and rear, are double wishbones, with pushrod actuated coil springs, the Alfa Romeo TZ3 Stradale is the road version of the TZ3, designed by Norihiko Harada of Zagato, and was built to celebrate 100 years of Alfa Romeo on the road