Category:Roman Catholic royal saints
Pages in category "Roman Catholic royal saints"
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Ferdinand III, called the Saint, was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile, through his second marriage he was Count of Aumale. Ferdinand was canonized in 1671 by Pope Clement X and, in Spanish, he is known as Fernando el Santo, the exact date of Ferdinands birth is unclear. It has been proposed to have been as early as 1199 or even 1198, Ferdinand was born at the Monastery of Valparaíso. Ferdinand has other royal ancestors from his paternal grandmother Urraca of Portugal and his maternal grandmother Eleanor of England a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. From his birth to 1204 Ferdinand was designated heir to his fathers kingdom of Leon with the support of his mother and the kingdom of Castile despite the fact that he was Alfonso IXs second son. Alfonso IX already had a son and two daughters from his first marriage to Teresa of Portugal but at the time he never acknowledge his first son as his heir, the Castilians saw the elder Ferdinand as a potential rival and threat to Berengarias son.
The marriage of Ferdinands parents was annulled by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204, Berengaria took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father, King Alfonso VIII of Castile. In 1217, her brother, Henry I, died and she succeeded him on the Castilian throne with Ferdinand as her heir. When Ferdinands father, Alfonso IX of León, died in 1230, his will delivered the kingdom to his older daughters Sancha and Dulce, but Ferdinand contested the will, and claimed the inheritance for himself. Ferdinand thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157, early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. Since the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 halted the advance of the Almohads in Spain, a series of truces had kept Castile and the Almohad dominions of al-Andalus more-or-less at peace. However, a crisis of succession in the Almohad Caliphate after the death of Yusuf II in 1224 opened to Ferdinand III an opportunity for intervention, al-Adils rebellious cousin, Abdallah al-Bayyasi, appealed to Ferdinand III for military assistance against the usurper.
In 1225, a Castilian army accompanied al-Bayyasi in a campaign, ravaging the regions of Jaén, vega de Granada and, in payment, al-Bayyasi gave Ferdinand the strategic frontier strongholds of Baños de la Encina and Capilla. When al-Bayyasi was rejected and killed by an uprising in Cordoba shortly after. The crisis in the Almohad Caliphate, remained unresolved, in 1228, a new Almohad pretender, Abd al-Ala Idris I al-Mamun, decided to abandon Spain, and left with the last remnant of the Almohad forces for Morocco. Al-Andalus was left fragmented in the hands of local strongmen, only led by Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Hud al-Judhami. There were no great battle encounters - Ibn Huds makeshift Andalusian army was destroyed early on, the Christian armies romped through the south virtually unopposed in the field
Jadwiga, known as Hedwig, reigned as the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland from 16 October 1384 until her death. She was the youngest daughter of Louis the Great, known in Poland as Louis the Hungarian, King of Hungary and Poland, Jadwiga was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, but had more close ancestors among the Polish Piasts. She was canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1997 and her marriage to William of Austria was planned in 1375 and she lived in Vienna between 1378 and 1380. However, Louis died and Mary was crowned King of Hungary on the demand of her mother in 1382, Sigismund of Luxemburg tried to seize Poland, but the Polish noblemen countered that they would only obey a daughter of King Louis if she settled in their country. Queen Elizabeth nominated Jadwiga to reign in Poland, but did not send her to Kraków to be crowned, during the interregnum, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, became a candidate for the Polish throne. The nobles of Greater Poland especially favoured him, proposing he marry Jadwiga, the noblemen of Lesser Poland opposed his election and persuaded Queen Elizabeth to send Jadwiga to Poland.
Jadwiga was crowned king in Kraków on 16 October 1384 and her crowning either reflected the Polish lords opposition to her intended future husband, adopting the royal title without a further Act or only emphasized that she was a queen regnant. With her mothers consent, Jadwigas advisors opened negotiations with Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Jogaila signed the Union of Krewo, promising to convert to Roman Catholicism and to promote his pagan subjects conversion. Meanwhile, William of Habsburg hurried to Kraków to demand the consummation of his marriage with Jadwiga. Jogaila, who received the baptismal name Władysław, married Jadwiga on 15 February 1386, legend says that she had only agreed to marry him after long prayers, seeking divine inspiration. Władysław-Jogaila was crowned king on 4 March, as her co-ruler, Władysław closely cooperated with his wife. She acted as mediator between her husbands quarreling kinsmen, and between Poland and the Teutonic Knights, after her sister, Mary died in 1395, Jadwiga and Władysław-Jogaila laid claim to Hungary against the widowed Sigismund of Luxemburg, but the Hungarian lords did not support them.
Jadwiga was the third and youngest daughter of Louis I, King of Hungary and Poland, both her grandmothers were Polish princesses, connecting her to the native Piast dynasty of Poland. Historian Oscar Halecki concluded that Jadwigas genealogical tree shows that had more Polish blood than any other. The date of her birth is unknown and she was probably born after 3 October 1373, on this day, her father issued a charter which listed her two older sisters and Mary, without mentioning Jadwiga. Her name was first recorded in her fathers instructions to his envoys to France on 17 April 1384, if by then, Jadwiga had reached twelve years, she must have been born before 18 February 1374. She was named after her distant ancestor, Saint Hedwig of Silesia, King Louis who had not fathered any sons, wanted to ensure his daughters right to inherit his realms. Therefore, European royals regarded his three daughters as especially attractive brides, Leopold III, Duke of Austria, proposed his eldest son, William, to Jadwiga already on 18 August 1374
Blessed Charles the Good was Count of Flanders from 1119 to 1127. He is most remembered for his murder and its aftermath, which were chronicled by Galbert of Bruges, Charles was born in Denmark, only son of the three children of King Canute IV and Adela of Flanders. His father was assassinated in Odense Cathedral in 1086, and Adela fled back to Flanders, taking the very young Charles with her but leaving her twin daughters Ingeborg, Charles grew up at the comital court of his grandfather Robert I and uncle Robert II. In 1092 Adela went to southern Italy to marry Roger Borsa, duke of Apulia, Charles was a knight in the crusades from 1108 to 1110, although his role in the conflict is uncertain. Charles travelled to the Holy Land in 1107 or 1108 with a fleet of English and this is possibly the fleet of Guynemer of Boulogne, described similarly. He was offered the crown of the Kingdom of Jerusalem but refused for reasons unknown, in 1111 Robert II died, and Charles cousin Baldwin VII became count.
Charles was an advisor to the new count, who around 1118 arranged Charles marriage to the heiress of the count of Amiens, Margaret of Clermont, daughter of Renaud II. The childless count Baldwin was wounded fighting for the king of France in September 1118, in 1125 Charles expelled Jews from Flanders, attributed to them the great famine which afflicted his domains in that year. During the famine, Charles distributed bread to the poor, and took action to prevent grain from being hoarded, prodded by his advisors, he began proceedings to reduce the influential Erembald family, which was heavily engaged in this activity, to the status of serfs. Bertulf FitzErembald, provost of the church of St. Donatian, the Erembalds, who had planned and carried out the murder of Charles, were arrested and tortured to death by the enraged nobles and commoners of Bruges and Ghent. King Louis VI of France, who had supported the revolt against the Erembalds, used his influence to select his own candidate, William Clito, as the next Count of Flanders
She was reported in the two-volume historical atlas of Herman Kinder and another author to have been great in war and defended from the Teutonic Knights. She was canonized by the Catholic Church in 1267, the daughter of Count Berthold IV of Andechs and his second wife Agnes of Wettin, she was born at Andechs Castle in the Duchy of Bavaria. Hedwigs brother was Bishop Ekbert of Bamberg, Count of Andechs-Meranien, another brother was Berthold, Archbishop of Kalocsa und Patriarch of Aquileia. Through her sister Gertrude, she was the aunt of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, at the age of twelve, Hedwig married Henry I the Bearded and heir of the Piast duke Boleslaus the Tall of Silesia. In 1229 he was captured and arrested at Płock Castle by rivaling Duke Konrad I of Masovia, Hedwig proceeded to Płock pleading for Henry and was able to have him released. In 1238, upon his death, Henry was buried at a Cistercian monastery of nuns, Trzebnica Abbey, Hedwig accepted the death of her beloved husband with faith.
She said, The widow moved into the monastery, which was led by her sister Gertrude, assuming the religious habit of a lay sister, but she did not take vows. Hedwig and Henry had several daughters, though one surviving son, Henry II the Pious. The widow however had to witness the killing of her son, vainly awaiting the support of Emperor Frederick II, the hopes for a re-united Poland were lost and even Silesia fragmented into numerous Piast duchies under Henry IIs sons. Hedwig and her daughter-in-law, Henry IIs widow Anna of Bohemia, established a Benedictine abbey at the site of the battle in Legnickie Pole and Henry had lived very pious lives, and Hedwig had great zeal for religion. She had supported her husband in donating the Augustinian provostry at Nowogród Bobrzański, Hedwig always helped the poor, the widows and the orphans, founded several hospitals for the sick and the lepers, and donated all her fortune to the Church. She allowed no one to leave her uncomforted, and one time she spent ten weeks teaching the Our Father to a poor woman.
Hedwig was canonized in 1267 by Pope Clement IV, a supporter of the Cistercian order and she is the patron saint of Silesia, of Andechs, and of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wrocław and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Görlitz. Her feast day is celebrated on the General Roman Calendar on 16 October. A 17th-century legend has it that Hedwig, while on a pilgrimage to Rome, stopped at Bad Zell in Austria, Hedwig glasses are named after Hedwig of Andechs. Hedwig and Henry I had seven children, media related to Hedwig of Andechs at Wikimedia Commons
Saint Niels of Aarhus or Niels the Holy, was an illegitimate son of King Canute V of Denmark and brother of Bishop Valdemar of Schleswig. He became a monk and was revered as a saint in Aarhus until the 18th century even though he was never canonized and he was probably named after his great-grandfather King Niels of Denmark. Aarhus Cathedral was the center of the veneration of St. Niels of Aarhus. Born Niels Knudsen, he was a son of King Canute V by an unknown woman. As a young man, Prince Niels lost interest in life at the court and withdrew to the village of Skibby near Aarhus and he lived a saintly life and helped the people in the area around Aarhus. One day, as he and a few men from the town were felling trees to another church at Viby near the sea. St. Niels prayed for water and a spring appeared to slake the mans thirst and it has been a place of pilgrimage for hundreds of years and many miraculous healings are said to have taken place there, especially on St. Johns Day. On his death bed in 1180, St.
Canute IV, known as Canute the Holy or Saint Canute, was King of Denmark from 1080 until 1086. Canute was a king who sought to strengthen the Danish monarchy, devotedly supported the Roman Catholic Church. Slain by rebels in 1086, he was the first Danish king to be canonized and he was recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as patron saint of Denmark in 1101. 1042, one of the sons of Sweyn II Estridsson. He is first noted as a member of Sweyns 1069 raid of England, when returning from England in 1075, the Danish fleet stopped in the County of Flanders. Because of its hostility towards William I of England, Flanders was an ally for the Danes. He led campaigns to Sember and Ester, according to skald Kálfr Mánason. When Sweyn died, Canutes brother Harald III was elected king, in 1080, Canute succeeded Harald to the throne of Denmark. On his accession, he married Adela, daughter of Count Robert I of Flanders and she bore him one son, Charles in 1084, and twin daughters Cæcilia and Ingerid, born shortly before his death.
Ingerids descendants, the House of Bjelbo, would ascend to the throne of Sweden and Norway, Canute quickly proved himself to be a highly ambitious king as well as a devout one. He enhanced the authority of the church, and demanded austere observation of church holidays and he gave large gifts to the churches in Dalby, Odense and Viborg, and especially to Lund. Ever a champion of the Church, he sought to enforce the collection of tithes and his aggrandizement of the church served to create a powerful ally, who in turn supported Canutes power position. In May 1085, Canute wrote a letter of donation to Lund Cathedral which was under construction, granting it large tracts of lands in Scania, Zealand and he founded Lund Cathedral School at the same time. Canute had gathered the land largely as pay for the pardon of outlawed subjects, the clerics at Lund got extended prerogatives of the land, being able to tax and fine the peasantry there. However, Canute kept his royal rights to pardon the outlaws, fine subjects who failed to answer his leding call to war.
His reign was marked by attempts to increase royal power in Denmark, by stifling the nobles. Canute issued edicts arrogating to himself the ownership of land, the right to the goods from shipwrecks. He issued laws to protect freed thralls as well as foreign clerics and these policies led to discontent among his subjects, who were unaccustomed to a king claiming such powers and interfering in their daily lives
Francis, by which she is honored as its patroness. Elizabeth was married at the age of 14, and widowed at 20, after her husbands death she sent her children away and regained her dowry, using the money to build a hospital where she herself served the sick. She became a symbol of Christian charity after her death at the age of 24 and was quickly canonized, Elizabeth was the daughter of King Andrew II of Hungary and Gertrude of Merania. Her mothers sister was St. Hedwig of Andechs, wife of Duke Heinrich I of Silesia and her ancestry included many notable figures of European royalty, going back as far as Vladimir the Great of Kievan Rus. According to tradition, she was born in Kingdom of Hungary, possibly in the castle of Sárospatak, on 7 July 1207. A sermon printed in 1497 by the Franciscan friar Osvaldus de Lasco, the veracity of this account is not without reproach, Osvaldus transforms the miracle of the roses to Elizabeths childhood in Sárospatak, and has her leave Hungary at the age of five.
According to a different tradition she was born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary and she was raised by the Thuringian court, so she would be familiar with the local language and culture. In 1221, at the age of fourteen, Elizabeth married Louis, the year he was enthroned as Landgrave. After her marriage, she continued her charitable practices, which included spinning wool for the clothing of the poor, in 1223, Franciscan friars arrived, and the teenage Elizabeth not only learned about the ideals of Francis of Assisi, but started to live them. It was about time that the priest and inquisitor Konrad von Marburg gained considerable influence over Elizabeth when he was appointed as her confessor. Elizabeth assumed control of affairs at home and distributed alms in all parts of their territory, even giving away state robes, below Wartburg Castle, she built a hospital with twenty-eight beds and visited the inmates daily to attend to them. Elizabeths life changed irrevocably on 11 September 1227 when Louis, en route to join the Sixth Crusade, died of a fever in Otranto, on hearing the news of her husbands death, Elizabeth is reported to have said, He is dead.
It is to me as if the world died today. His remains were returned to Elizabeth in 1228 and entombed at the Abbey of Reinhardsbrunn, after Louis death, his brother, Henry Raspe, assumed the regency during the minority of Elizabeths eldest child, Hermann. About 1888 various investigators asserted that Elizabeth left the Wartburg voluntarily and she was not able at the castle to follow Konrads command to eat only food obtained in a way that was certainly right and proper. Following her husbands death, Elizabeth made solemn vows to Konrad similar to those of a nun and these vows included celibacy, as well as complete obedience to Konrad as her confessor and spiritual director. Konrads treatment of Elizabeth was extremely harsh, and he held her to standards of behavior which were almost impossible to meet, among the punishments he is alleged to have ordered were physical beatings, he ordered her to send away her three children. Her pledge to celibacy proved a hindrance to her familys political ambitions, Elizabeth was more or less held hostage at Pottenstein, the castle of her uncle, Bishop Ekbert of Bamberg, in an effort to force her to remarry
Ladislaus I or Ladislas I, Saint Ladislaus or Saint Ladislas was King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091. He was the son of King Béla I of Hungary. Géza and Ladislaus cooperated with Solomon for the next decade, Ladislauss most popular legend, which narrates his fight with a Cuman who abducted a Hungarian girl, is connected to this period. Gézas and Ladislauss relationship with Solomon deteriorated in the early 1070s, Géza was proclaimed king in 1074, but Solomon maintained control of the western regions of his kingdom. During Gézas reign, Ladislaus was his brothers most influential adviser, Géza died in 1077, and his supporters made Ladislaus king. Solomon resisted Ladislaus with the assistance of King Henry IV of Germany, Ladislaus supported Henry IVs opponents during the Investiture Controversy. In 1081, Solomon abdicated and acknowledged Ladislauss reign, but he conspired to regain the royal crown, Ladislaus canonized the first Hungarian saints in 1085. He set Solomon free during the canonization ceremony, after a series of civil wars, Ladislauss main focus was the restoration of public safety.
He introduced severe legislation, punishing those who violated property rights with death or mutilation and he occupied almost all Croatia in 1091, which marked the beginning of an expansion period for the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Ladislauss victories over the Pechenegs and Cumans ensured the security of his kingdoms eastern borders for about 150 years and his relationship with the Holy See deteriorated during the last years of his reign, as the popes claimed that Croatia was their fief, but Ladislaus denied their claims. Ladislaus was canonized on 27 June 1192 by Pope Celestine III, legends depict him as a pious knight-king, the incarnation of the late-medieval Hungarian ideal of chivalry. He is a saint in Hungary and neighboring nations, where many churches are dedicated to him. Ladislaus was the son of the future King Béla I of Hungary and his wife, Richeza. Ladislaus and his brother, Géza, were born in Poland. Ladislauss physical and spiritual makeup testified to Gods gracious will even at his birth, the almost contemporaneous Gallus Anonymus wrote that Ladislaus was raised from childhood in Poland and almost became a Pole in his ways and life.
He received a Slavic name, Ladislaus is the Hungarian version of Vladislav, Béla and his family returned to Hungary around 1048. Béla received the so-called Duchy – which encompassed one-third of the kingdom – from his brother, the Illuminated Chronicle mentions that Andrews son, was anointed king with the consent of Duke Bela and his sons Geysa and Ladislaus in 1057 or 1058. Béla, who had been Andrews heir before Solomons coronation, left for Poland in 1059 and they returned with Polish reinforcements and began a rebellion against Andrew
Eric IX of Sweden, called Eric the Lawgiver, Erik the Saint, Eric the Holy, and, in Sweden, Sankt Erik, meaning Saint Eric, was a Swedish king c. No historical records of Eric have survived, and all information about him is based on legends that were aimed at having him established as a saint. The Roman Martyrology of the Roman Catholic Church names him as a saint memorialized on 18 May and he is the ancestor of the House of Eric which ruled Sweden with interruptions from c.1156 to 1250. Osteological investigations of Erics remains suggest that he may have lived the last 10-15 years of his life in Västergötland rather than in Uppland where he died, on the other hand, the only manor he is known to have possessed is situated in Västmanland in Svealand. Eriksberg in central Västergötland has been suggested as the manor of the family. As for his family he had a brother, whose name began with a J and this brother has been identified with a Joar Jedvardsson. This in turn fits with King Sverres Saga which refers to Eirik the Saint, late medieval Swedish tradition likewise knows the king by the name Eric Jedvardsson.
The name of the father, Jedvard is not Scandinavian and may point to English missionary influence and his mother was, according to 14th-century tradition, Cecilia, a daughter of King Blot-Sweyn. This information is highly debatable, the only full account of Erics life is a hagiographic legend dating from the late 13th century. The historicity of the legend has been much-discussed by Swedish historians and it tells that Eric was of royal blood and was unanimously chosen king of Sweden when there was a vacancy of the kingship. It states that Eric reigned for ten years, which would put the beginning of his reign in c, if this is correct he would have been a rival king to Sverker the Elder who had ascended the throne in c.1132 and was murdered in 1156. At any rate it is assumed that Eric was recognized in most provinces after 1156, while his paternity is obscure, there is good evidence that he strengthened his claims to the throne by marriage to the Danish princess Christina Björnsdotter, a granddaughter of King Inge I.
His realm did not include Östergötland where Sverkers son Karl Sverkersson ruled in the late 1150s, according to the legend, Eric did much to consolidate Christianity in his realm. However, the reliable source mentioning his reign is a Cistercian chronicle from c. Quite contrary to the impression of pro-clerical policy of the Eric Legend, it says that King Eric, some monks left for Denmark where Vitskøl Abbey was founded in 1158. After this, however and Christina changed their stance, an early 13th-century source adds that he made donations to Nydala Abbey in Småland. Legend attributes Eric with the spread of the Christian faith into Finland. In an effort to conquer and convert the Finns, he led the First Swedish Crusade east of the Baltic Sea
Adela of Normandy, of Blois, or of England, known as Saint Adela in Roman Catholicism, was, by marriage, Countess of Blois and Meaux. She was a daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders and she was the mother of Stephen, King of England and Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester. Her birthdate is generally believed to be between 1066 and 1070, after her fathers accession to the English throne in 1066 and she was the favourite sister of King Henry I of England, they were probably the youngest of the Conquerors children. Adela was a high-spirited and educated woman, with a knowledge of Latin and she married Stephen Henry and heir to the count of Blois, between 1080 and 1083, around her fifteenth birthday. Stephen was nearly twenty years her senior, Stephen inherited Blois and Meaux upon his fathers death in 1089, as well as lands and right in parts of Berry and Burgundy. Stephen-Henry joined the First Crusade in 1096, along with his brother-in-law Robert Curthose, Stephens letters to Adela form a uniquely intimate insight into the experiences of the Crusades leaders and show that he trusted Adela to rule as regent while he was on crusade.
The Count of Blois returned to France in 1100 bringing with him several cartloads of maps and other treasures and he was, under an obligation to the pope for agreements made years earlier and returned to Antioch to participate in the crusade of 1101. He was ultimately killed in a charge at the Battle of Ramla in 1102. Adela and Stephens children are listed here in probable birth order, Count of Sully married Agnes of Sully and had issue Theobald II, aka Thibaud IV Count of Champagne Odo of Blois, aka Humbert. Died young Adela, married Milo II of Montlhéry King Stephen of England, married Matilda of Boulogne Lucia-Mahaut, married Richard dAvranches, both drowned on 25 November 1120 in the White Ship disaster. It is known that Adela had five sons and may have had three or more daughters, though not all of the daughters were necessarily Adelas biological children. The daughters are not mentioned by name during their youth, only appearing when they reach marriageable age, Adela, a devout Benedictine sympathizer, employed several high-ranking tutors to educate her children.
Her youngest son, was conceived during the single year Stephen was in France between crusading duties. At two years of age Henry was pledged to the Church at Cluny Abbey, Saône-et-Loire, France, as an oblate child, Henry went on to be appointed Abbot of Glastonbury and Bishop of Winchester. In that capacity he sponsored hundreds of constructions including bridges, palaces, castles, in addition, Bishop Henry built dozens of abbeys and chapels and sponsored books including the treasured Winchester Bible. Adela quarrelled with her eldest son William and despite his previously being named heir-designate and her son Stephen moved to London in 1111 to join his uncles court and became the favorite of his uncle King Henry I. Upon Beauclercs death in Normandy, Stephen of Blois seized the English throne, Adela filled in as regent for her husbands duties during his extended absence as a leader of the First Crusade as well as during his second expedition in 1101. This included granting monks the right to build new churches, as well as other charters, while her husband was away, Adela would continue to tour their lands, settling disputes, promoting economic growth, and even commanding knights to go to battle with the king
Saint Kinga of Poland is a saint in the Catholic Church and patroness of Poland and Lithuania. She was born in Esztergom, Kingdom of Hungary, the daughter of King Béla IV of Hungary and she was a niece of Elizabeth of Hungary and great-niece of Saint Hedwig. Kingas sisters were Saint Margaret of Hungary and blessed Jolenta of Poland and she reluctantly married Bolesław V and became princess when her husband ascended the throne as High Duke of Poland. Despite the marriage, the couple took up a vow of chastity. The marriage was arranged by and the vow of chastity patterned after that of Bolesławs sister. During her reign Kinga got involved in works such as visiting the poor. When her husband died in 1279, she sold all her material possessions and she soon did not want any part in governing the kingdom which was left to her and decided to join the Poor Clares monastery at Sandec. She would spend the rest of her life in contemplative prayer and she died on 24 July 1292, aged 68. Pope Alexander VIII beatified Kinga in 1690, in 1695, she was made chief patroness of Poland and Lithuania.
On 16 June 1999, she was canonized by Pope John Paul II, legend has it that Kinga threw her engagement ring into the Maramures salt mine in Hungary. The ring miraculously traveled along with salt deposits to Wieliczka where it was rediscovered, on the spot the miners erected a statue of Saint Kinga, carved entirely from salt which is 101 meters under the Earths surface
Joan of France, was briefly Queen of France as wife of King Louis XII, in between the death of her brother, King Charles VIII, and the annulment of her marriage. After that, she retired to her domain, where she founded the monastic Order of the Sisters of the Annunciation of Mary. From this Order sprang the religious congregation of the Apostolic Sisters of the Annunciation and she was canonized on 28 May 1950 and is known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Joan of Valois, O. Ann. M. Joan was born on 23 April 1464 in the castle of Pierre II de Brézé and she was the second daughter of King Louis XI of France and of his second wife Charlotte of Savoy, her surviving siblings were King Charles VIII of France and Anne of France. Shortly after her birth, the signed an agreement to marry her to his second cousin Louis, the Duke of Orléans, King Louis XII of France. Jeanne was born sickly and deformed, in Women Saints – Lives of Faith and Courage, Kathleen Jones says that Jeanne had a hump on her back and walked with a limp, suggesting that she had curvature of the spine.
Often away on duties, King Louis entrusted his daughters and Anne, to the Baron François de Linières and his wife. The couple, who were childless, lavished affection on Joan, taking charge of her education, they had her taught both poetry and mathematics, painting and how to play the lute. The couple were faithful Catholics and instilled in the members of their household a solid grounding in the faith, at a young age, her father asked her to name the confessor she wanted. She gave him the name she knew, that of Friar Jean de La Fontaine. The king approved her choice and appointed the friar to this post, despite the distance between them, he would travel regularly to hear the princesss confession. Joan began to develop a strong pleasure in prayer, and would pass long periods in the castle chapel, the baron supported her in this and had a path paved between the castle and the chapel built for easier walking in poor weather. Under the friars guidance she was admitted into the Third Order of St.
Francis, in 1471 King Louis XI ordered the practice of praying the Hail Mary throughout the kingdom for peace. Joan had an attachment to this particular prayer. She would write that it was in same year that she had received a prophecy from the Virgin Mary that some day she would found a religious community in honor of Our Lady. In 1473 King Louis had signed contracts for his daughters. On 8 September 1476, at the age of 12, Joan was married to the young Louis, Louis of Orléans was compelled to be married to his handicapped and supposedly sterile cousin Joan. By doing so, Louis XI hoped to extinguish the Orléans cadet branch of the House of Valois, Louis was displeased at the forced marriage, and his treatment of his new wife reflected this