Team roping also known as heading and heeling is a rodeo event that features a steer and two mounted riders. Once the steer is caught by one of the three legal catches, the header must dally and use his horse to turn the steer to the left. The second is the heeler, who ropes the steer by its feet after the header has turned the steer. Team roping is the rodeo event where men and women compete equally together in professionally sanctioned competition. Cowboys originally developed this technique on working ranches when it was necessary to capture, over the years as the sport has grown a numbering system was added to rate each ropers individual talent level. The numbers go from one to nine for headers and one to ten for heelers, using these numbers a handicap systems has been developed to even the competition. Today there are tens of thousands of amateur ropers who compete for millions of dollars in prize money. There is specialized equipment used by team ropers, Rope - made of fibers, used to rope the steer. The headers rope is usually 30 to 32 feet in length and is a lot softer, the heelers rope is usually 35 or 36 feet in length and is a lot stiffer. Horn wraps - protective wraps that go around the horns of the steer to prevent rope burns and reduce the risk of a horn breaking when roped. Bell boots and splint boots are placed on the legs for protection Steers used for roping are moved from a holding corral through a series of narrow alleyways that lead to the roping arena. The alleyways allow the steers to be lined up in single file, then, one at a time, a steer is moved into a chute with spring-loaded doors in front and a solid gate behind, so that only one animal is released at a time. On each side of the chute is a called the box that is big enough to hold a horse. An electronic barrier, consisting of an electric eye connected to a device, is sometimes used in place of the barrier rope. When the header is ready, he or she calls for the steer, the freed steer breaks out running. When the steer reaches the end of the rope, the barrier releases, the header must rope the steer with one of three legal catches, a clean horn catch around both horns, a neck catch around the neck or a half-head catch around the neck and one horn. The header then takes a dally, a couple of wraps of the rope around the horn of the saddle, some ropers have lost fingers in this event. Once the header has made the dally, the turns the horse, usually to the left
Calf roping, also known as tie-down roping, is a rodeo event that features a calf and a rider mounted on a horse. The event derives from the duties of working cowboys, which often required catching and restraining calves for branding or medical treatment. Ranch hands took pride in the speed with which they could rope, the calves are lined up in a row and moved through narrow runways leading to a chute with spring-loaded doors. When a calf enters the chute, a door is closed behind it, the lever holds a taut cord or barrier that runs across a large pen or box at one side of the calf chute, where the horse and rider wait. The barrier is used to ensure that the calf gets a head start, when the roper is ready, he calls for the calf, and the chute operator pulls a lever opening the chute doors and releasing the calf. The calf runs out in a straight line, however, if the rider mistimes his cue to the horse and the horse breaks the barrier before it releases, a 10-second penalty will be added to his time. This is sometimes referred to as a Cowboy Speeding Ticket, the rider must lasso the calf from horseback by throwing a loop of the lariat around the calfs neck. Once the rope is around the neck, the roper signals the horse to stop quickly while he dismounts. The calf must be stopped by the rope but cannot be thrown to the ground by the rope, if the calf falls, the roper loses seconds because he must allow the calf to get back on its feet. When the roper reaches the calf, he picks it up, once the calf is on the ground, the roper ties three of the calfs legs together with a short rope known as a tie-down rope or piggin string. A half hitch knot is used, sometimes referred to colloquially as two wraps and a hooey or a wrap and a slap, the piggin string is often carried between the ropers teeth until he uses it. The horse is trained to assist the roper by slowly backing away from the calf to maintain a steady tension on the rope, when the tie is complete, the roper throws his hands in the air to signal time and stop the clock. The roper then returns to his horse, mounts, and moves the horse forward to relax the tension on the rope, the timer waits for six seconds, during which the calf must stay tied before an official time is recorded. Top professional calf ropers will rope and tie a calf in 7 seconds, the world record is just over 6 seconds. The event is recognized by most rodeo organizations, including the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, in the United States, there are two organizations that promote calf roping alone, the United States Calf Ropers Association and Ultimate Calf Roping. Other timed rodeo events that use cattle include breakaway roping, where the ropes but does not throw the calf, steer wrestling, and team roping. In PRCA events, the calf must weigh between 220 and 280 pounds, calves must be strong and healthy, sick or injured livestock cannot be used. According to the PRCA, Most calves do not compete more than a few times in their lives because of weight and usage restrictions
Malcolm Baldrige Jr.
Howard Malcolm Mac Baldrige Jr. was an American businessman. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from 1981 until his death in 1987, Baldrige was born on October 4,1922 in Omaha, Nebraska. He was the son of H. Malcolm Baldrige, Sr. a congressman from Nebraska, and he had a brother, Robert Connell Baldridge, and a sister, Letitia Baldrige. He attended The Hotchkiss School and Yale University, at Yale, he was a member of a Delta Kappa Epsilon. Baldrige began his career in the industry in 1947, as the foundry hand in an iron company in Connecticut. During World War II, Baldrige served in combat in the Pacific as Captain in the 27th Infantry Division, on March 31,1951, Baldrige married Margaret Midge Trowbridge Murray, with whom he had two daughters. Prior to entering the Cabinet, Baldrige was chairman and chief officer of Scovill. Having joined Scovill in 1962, he is credited with leading its transformation to a diversified manufacturer of consumer, housing. Baldrige was nominated to be Secretary of Commerce by President-elect Ronald Reagan on December 11,1980, during his tenure, Baldrige played a major role in developing and carrying out Administration trade policy. He took the lead in resolving difficulties in technology transfers with China, Baldrige held the first Cabinet-level talks with the Soviet Union in seven years which paved the way for increased access for U. S. firms to the Soviet market. He was highly regarded by the worlds most preeminent leaders and he was the leader in the reform of the nations antitrust laws. Baldriges award-winning managerial excellence contributed to long-term improvement in economy, efficiency, within the Commerce Department, Baldrige reduced the budget by more than 30% and administrative personnel by 25%. How Plain English Works for Business, Twelve Case Studies was published by the U. S. Department of Commerce with his introduction, in it were twelve chapters on how translations of complex legal wording or bureaucratic jargon could be simplified and made more clear to any reader. It became You can get a loan from us on your policy while it has a loan value, the policy can be the sole security for the loan. Baldriges introduction read, in part, Talking or writing in plain English is a challenge to both the private and public sectors, in this book of case studies,12 corporations and trade associations tell how they met this challenge. I am grateful for the efforts their officials have given to this partnership project, Baldrige worked during his boyhood as a ranch hand and earned several awards as a professional team roper on the rodeo circuit. He was a Professional Rodeo Man of the Year in 1980 and was installed in the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City in 1999, Baldrige once appeared on the television game show To Tell the Truth pretending to be rodeo tie-down roping champion Dean Oliver. Following the accident, Baldrige was flown by helicopter to John Muir Hospital in Walnut Creek, California, Baldrige was buried in North Cemetery in Woodbury, Connecticut
G. R. Carter
George Robert G. R. Carter, Jr. is a professional American Quarter Horse jockey. On June 1,2008, he became the leading money earning jockey in American Quarter Horse racing history surpassing the previous record of $41,405,207 in mount earnings. He has continued to add to the record since, finishing his career with $70,529,643 in mount earnings, on July 6,2013, Carter became the jockey with the most mounts in AQHA racing history after he piloted his 22, 294th quarter horse. Carter finished his career with 23,970 mounts aboard American Quarter Horses, on May 23,2014, Carter became the all-time leader in wins aboard American Quarter Horses when won his 3, 632nd race passing Alvin Bubba Brossette. He finished his career with 3,805 wins, Carter has been named American Quarter Horse Association World Champion Jockey ten times in his career including six years consecutively from 2003-2008. In the history of the award, no other jockey has won more than five titles, Carter is a Native American of Osage heritage who grew up in Pawhuska, Oklahoma. As a teenager, he was a competitive gymnast and won the state championship, during his Senior year at Pawhuska High School, Carter won the Class A State Wrestling Championship at 108 pounds. Growing up, Carter was involved in ranching and rodeos which helped develop his love of horses, at age 14, he began galloping race horses for a local trainer to help fund his rodeo participation. He would occasionally ride races on the weekends throughout his Senior year in school at Blue Ribbon Downs. After graduating high school in 1986, Carter moved to Sallisaw and he continued to ride primarily in the central part of the United States until the early 1990s when he moved his tack to Los Alamitos Race Course in Southern California. After a couple of years in California, Carter moved his home base back to Oklahoma. Carter has won the All American Futurity twice, the All American Futurity is Quarter Horse racings equivalent of the Kentucky Derby which is for Thoroughbred race horses. He won the All American Futurity in 1998 aboard Falling In Loveagain and again in 2008 aboard Stolis Winner, in 2008, Carter set a new AQHA single-season earnings record by reaching the $5,027,173 mark in mount earnings. This eclipsed the record of $4.5 million which he had set. Also in 2008, Carter broke his own record for wins at Remington Park in Oklahoma City. Adding to an incredible 2008, he rode Fast Prize Zoom to a World Record for 300 yards, the record was established at Sunland Park in Sunland, New Mexico with a final time of 14.87 seconds. Carter also jockeys American Paint Horses on the racetrack and he hase been named American Paint Horse Association World Champion Jockey ten times in his career. He is the Paint Racing all-time leader in wins as well as mount earnings and he was the jockey for the record-setting paint horse Got Country Grip, who tied a North American racing record for any breed in 2008 by winning 16 consecutive races
A lasso, also referred to as a lariat, riata, or reata, is a loop of rope designed as a restraint to be thrown around a target and tightened when pulled. It is a tool of the American cowboy. The word is also a verb, to lasso is to throw the loop of rope around something. Although the tool has several names, such terms are rarely employed by those who actually use it, nearly all cowboys simply call it a rope. To most cowboys, the use of other terms — especially lasso — identifies the user as a layman, a lasso is made from stiff rope so that the noose stays open when the lasso is thrown. It also allows the cowboy to easily open up the noose from horseback to release the cattle because the rope is stiff enough to be pushed a little, a high quality lasso is weighted for better handling. The lariat has a small reinforced loop at one end, called a honda or hondo, the honda can be formed by a honda knot, an eye splice, a seizing, rawhide, or a metal ring. The other end is sometimes tied simply in a small, tight, the reata is made of braided rawhide and is made in lengths from 50 ft to over 100 ft. Mexican maguey and cotton ropes are also used in the longer lengths. The lasso is used today in rodeos as part of the events, such as calf roping. It is also used on working ranches to capture cattle or other livestock when necessary. After catching the cattle, the lasso can be tied or wrapped around the horn, with the lasso around the horn, the cowboy can use his horse as the equivalent of a tow truck with a winch. Part of the culture of both the vaqueros of Mexico and the cowboys of the Western United States is a related skill now called trick roping. Will Rogers was a practitioner of trick roping and the natural horsemanship practitioner Buck Brannaman also got his start as a trick roper when he was a child. Huns are recorded as using lassos in battle to ensnare opponents prepared to defend themselves in combat around AD370. They were also used by Tatars and are used by the Sami people. In Mongolia, a variant of the lasso called an uurga is used, lassoes are also mentioned in The Greek History of Herodotus, seventh book. It is not the wont of this people to arms, either of bronze or steel, except only a dirk, but they use lassoes made of thongs plaited together. Such is the manner in which this people fight, and now their horsemen were drawn up with the Persians, bolas Hogtie The Lasso, A Rational Guide to Trick Roping by Carey Bunks Footage of multiple Lasso World Champions How to Handle a Rope - Champ Gives Lessons
Hoot Gibson was an American rodeo champion and a pioneer cowboy film actor, director, and producer. Born Edmund Richard Gibson in Tekamah, Nebraska, he learned to ride a horse while still a young boy. His family moved to California when he was seven years old, as a teenager, he worked with horses on a ranch, which led to competition on bucking broncos at area rodeos. Given the nickname Hoot Owl by co-workers, the name evolved to just Hoot, in 1910, film director Francis Boggs was looking for experienced cowboys to appear in his silent film short, Pride of the Range. Gibson and another star of Western films, Tom Mix, were hired. Gibson made a film for Boggs in 1911. After a deranged employee killed Boggs, director Jack Conway hired Gibson to appear in his 1912 Western, acting for Gibson was then a minor sideline, and he continued competing in rodeos to make a living. In 1912, he won the championship at the famous Pendleton Round-Up in Pendleton, Oregon. Gibsons career was interrupted with service in the United States Army during World War I as a sergeant in the Tank Corps. When the war ended, he returned to the business and became good friends with Art Acord. The two participated in rodeo, then went back to Hollywood for the winter to do stunt work. For several years, Gibson had secondary roles with stars such as Harry Carey. By 1921, the demand for cowboy pictures was so great, some of these offers came from up-and-coming film director John Ford, with whom Gibson developed a lasting friendship and working relationship. From the 1920s through the 1940s, Hoot Gibson was a major film attraction and he successfully made the transition to talkies, and as a result, became a highly paid performer. He appeared in his own books and was wildly popular until singing cowboys such as Gene Autry. In 1927, actor Gibson, and five other California businessman sponsored The Spirit of Los Angeles, Gibson had his name painted on the nose for publicity. The aircraft crashed in the San Francisco Bay before the start of the race, in 1933, Gibson injured himself when he crashed his plane while racing cowboy star Ken Maynard in the National Air Races. Later, the two teamed up to make a series of low-budget movies in the twilight of their careers
Jack Hoxie was an American rodeo performer and motion picture actor whose career was most prominent in the silent film era of the 1910s through the 1930s. Hoxie is best recalled for his roles in Westerns and rarely strayed from the genre, after his fathers death he and his mother moved to Northern Idaho where, at an early age, Jack became a working cowboy and ranch hand. Matilda married a rancher and horse trader named Calvin Scott Stone, the family then relocated to Boise, where Jack worked as a packer for a US Army fort in the area, continuing to hone his skill as a horseback rider while competing in rodeos. In 1909 he met performer Dick Stanley and joined his Wild West show and it was during this period that Jack met and married his first wife, Hazel Panting, who was a Western trick rider with the outfit. Hoxie continued to tour with circuit rodeos until 1913, when he was approached to perform in the Western drama film short The Tragedy of Big Eagle Mine. Now billing himself as Hart Hoxie, he would continue working through the 1910s in popular Western shorts, often in small but well-received roles. In 1919, after appearing in approximately 35 films, he was cast in the role in the Paul Hurst-directed Lightning Bryce serials as main character Sky Bryce. Hoxie began billing himself as Jack Hoxie and would use this name permanently and it was during this time that he met and married his second wife, actress and frequent co-star Marin Sais, after his divorce from Hazel Panting. Through the early 1920s Hoxie became a popular western film star and worked for such film companies as Pathé Exchange, Arrow, National Film Corp. In 1923 Universal Pictures head Carl Laemmle put Hoxie under contract and soon his career was on par with that of other Western stars of the era, Art Acord, Harry Carey, Hoxie appeared in such high-profile films as 1923s Where Is This West. With newcomer Mary Philbin and 1924s Universal promotional film Hello, Frisco, alongside such popular actors of the era as Jackie Coogan, Norman Kerry, Barbara La Marr, Antonio Moreno, nilsson, Bebe Daniels and Rin Tin Tin. The film was designed to showcase Universals roster of its most popular actors, Hoxie, often atop his horses Fender and Dynamite, would star alongside such actresses as Marceline Day, Alice Day, Helen Holmes, Lottie Pickford and Fay Wray in westerns throughout the silent era. Also, during this period, Jacks younger half-brother Al Stone began to appear with him in films, Al would eventually become a successful actor in the western genre after changing his name to Al Hoxie and appearing in a series of films by actor/director J. P. McGowan. In 1926 Laemmle and Universal chose Jack to star as Buffalo Bill Cody in Metropolitan Pictures The Last Frontier, the film would prove enormously successful and Hoxie is often best recalled for his performance in the film. In 1927, however, Hoxie became dissatisfied with his contract at Universal and he would continue throughout the late 20s making films of lesser quality with lower-rank film studios. He made his last silent film, Forbidden Trail, in 1929 before pursuing further work in circuit rodeos, carnivals, during the 1930s Jack made a brief comeback in films after signing a contract with low-budget studio Majestic Pictures. The films, however, did little to revive his acting career and his last film appearance would be in 1933s Trouble Busters with Lane Chandler, who had appeared alongside Hoxie in a number of earlier films. Hoxie eventually divorced and married his wife, Dixie Starr
Ben Johnson (actor)
Ben Son Johnson, Jr. was an American stuntman, world champion rodeo cowboy, and Academy Award-winning actor. The son of a rancher, Johnson arrived in Hollywood to deliver a consignment of horses for a film and he did stunt-double work for several years before breaking into acting through the good offices of John Ford. Tall and laconic, Johnson brought further authenticity to roles in Westerns with his extraordinary horsemanship. He operated a horse-breeding farm throughout his career, although he said he had succeeded by sticking to what he knew, shrewd real estate investments made Johnson worth an estimated $100 million by his latter years. Johnson was born in Foraker, Oklahoma, on the Osage Indian Reservation, of Irish and Cherokee ancestry and his father was a rancher and rodeo champion in Osage County. Johnson was drawn to the rodeos and horse breeding of his early years, in 1953, he took a break from well-paid film work to compete in the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, becoming Team Roping World Champion, although he only broke even financially that year. Johnson was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame in 1973, Johnsons mother Ollie died a few years after her son, on October 16,2000, aged 101. Johnsons 1941 marriage to Carol Elaine Jones lasted until her death on March 27,1994 and she was the daughter of noted Hollywood horse wrangler Clarence Fat Jones. Johnsons film career began with the Howard Hughes film, The Outlaw, before filming began, Hughes bought some horses at the Oklahoma ranch that Johnsons father managed, and hired Johnson to get the horses to northern Arizona, and then to take them on to Hollywood. Johnson liked to say later that he got to Hollywood in a carload of horses and his work as a stunt man caught the eye of director John Ford. Ford hired Johnson for stunt work in the 1948 film Fort Apache, during shooting, the horses pulling a wagon with three men in it stampeded. Johnson, who happened to be settin on a horse, stopped the runaway wagon, when Ford promised that he would be rewarded, Johnson hoped it would be with another doubling job, or maybe a small speaking role. Instead he received an acting contract from Ford. Ford called Johnson into his office, handed him an envelope with a contract in it. Johnson started reading it and when he got to the line and it said $5,000 a week, he stopped reading, grabbed a pen, and signed it. His first credited role was in Fords 3 Godfathers, the film is notable for the skills demonstrated by both Johnson and star Pedro Armendáriz. He later said the film was the most physically challenging of his career, Ford then suggested him for a starring role in the 1949 film Mighty Joe Young, he played Gregg opposite Terry Moore. Ford also cast Johnson as the lead in Wagon Master, one of Fords favorites, in real life, Johnson did not show any bad temper, his demeanor in tense situations was calm but firm
Wylie Galt Gustafson is an American singer-songwriter who has toured nationally and internationally with his band, Wylie & The Wild West. The band is known for its blend of cowboy, traditional country, folk, Gustafson learned to sing and yodel from his father, R. W. Rib Gustafson, who is a traditional singer, retired large-animal veterinarian. The elder Gustafson learned to yodel from Austrians on the ski team at Montana State College, Bozeman, among Ribs credits are two books about his life as a pioneering Montana veterinarian. Wylie Gustafson founded his band, The Wild West Show, in 1988 in Los Angeles at the world famous Palomino Club where they were regulars on Ronnie Macks Barn Dance. It was there that Gustafson showcased the first version of the Wild West Show which then included guitarist Will Ray, the group developed their sound alongside artists such as Dale Watson, Lucinda Williams, Dwight Yoakam, Rosie Flores and Dave Alvin. Throughout his musical career, Gustafson has remained a working cowboy, born into a ranching family in the empty sprawl of Northern Montana, Gustafson’s unique American perspective is the primary theme of his music. Gustafson and his family were featured in the 2013 Dodge Super Bowl commercial “God Made a Farmer” and their image resembled a working-class family producing daily labor to help feed the United States as a whole. This ancient way of life remains the backbone of Gustafsons art, Gustafson is particularly noted as a virtuoso yodeler, having originated the slow and ethereal High Plains Yodeling style that evokes the wide open spaces of his Montana home. He also created and voiced the signature Yahoo-oo-oo. for Yahoo and his book and album, How to Yodel- Lessons to Tickle Your Tonsils, was published by Gibbs Smith in 2007, and is the top selling publication on the rejuvenated vocal art. As of 2016, Gustafson remains one of the top choices of yodelers and his clean and clear style can be heard frequently on national advertisements, television, some major companies that have used his yodel include Yahoo. Walt Disney Films, Porsche, Mitsubishi, Miller Lite, Taco Bell, Gustafson is also an accomplished horseman and cowboy. When not performing, he operates his Cross Three Quarter Horse Ranch near Conrad, on April 25,2007, Montana Lullaby was declared the official lullaby of Montana. A yodel by Gustafson was used to write the lullaby, as a result, Montana was the first state to have an official lullaby. As of 2016, Gustafson continues to front Wylie & the Wild West Show, the group is one of the United States major folk and cowboy festival attractions with their energetic dance songs, aesthetic ballads, and Gustafsons unique High Plains yodeling. Gustafsons songwriting continues to challenge the preconceptions of their genre. Wylie & the Wild West Show have released albums through 2015, most of which are available on iTunes, Amazon. On the Road Summer 2013 promotional tour for Yahoo, god Made a Farmer Dodge television advertisement
Lucille Mulhall was a well-known cowgirl and Wild West performer. She was born in St. Louis, Missouri to Zach and her parents brought her to Oklahoma Territory in 1889. She was raised on her familys Mulhall Ranch in Oklahoma Territory, near what is now Mulhall, Oklahoma. Known as one of the first women to compete with men in roping and riding events, she was called Rodeo Queen, Queen of the Western Prairie, and Queen of the Saddle. She starred in the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch Wild West Show, formed her own troupe in 1913 and performed in many rodeo and she produced her own rodeo in 1916. She retired to her familys ranch in Mulhall around 1922, Mulhall died in Logan County, Oklahoma, in an automobile accident less than a mile from the Mulhall Ranch. Cowgirl Hall of Fame entry on Lucy Mulhall
James Pickens Jr.
James Pickens Jr. is an American actor. He is best known for his role as Dr. Pickens was born in Cleveland. He began acting while a student at Bowling Green State University and his first acting role was in a campus production of Matters of Choice by Chuck Gordone. Pickens earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from BGSU in 1976, Pickens started his professional acting career at the Roundabout Theatre in New York City playing Walter Lee in A Raisin in the Sun. In 1981, Pickens performed in the Negro Ensemble Companys production of A Soldiers Play, starring alongside Denzel Washington, in 1990, Pickens moved to the West Coast and began his Hollywood career playing Zack Edwards on the soap opera Another World from 1986 to 1990. He went on to have recurring roles on X-Files as Deputy Director Kersh, Curb Your Enthusiasm, The West Wing, Roseanne, Beverly Hills,90210, JAG and he also served a role in 42. In 2002, Pickens had an appearance as the male zoo doctor in the film Red Dragon. In 2005, Pickens was chosen to play Dr. Richard Webber on the ABC medical drama Greys Anatomy, Pickens married Gina Taylor, a former member of Musique, on May 27,1984 and has two children. In his spare time Pickens can be found riding horseback and roping cattle and he is a member of the United States Team Roping Championship and competes in roping events across the country. He owns an American Quarter Horse named Smokey, jamess two children, Carl Tharps and Gavyn Pickens, are both pursuing careers in show business. His son Carl is working on a Hip-Hop career and can be seen in television appearances. His father James Pickens Sr. worked for the City of Cleveland, James Pickens Jr. at the Internet Movie Database