Team roping also known as heading and heeling is a rodeo event that features a steer and two mounted riders. Once the steer is caught by one of the three legal catches, the header must dally and use his horse to turn the steer to the left. The second is the heeler, who ropes the steer by its feet after the header has turned the steer. Team roping is the rodeo event where men and women compete equally together in professionally sanctioned competition. Cowboys originally developed this technique on working ranches when it was necessary to capture, over the years as the sport has grown a numbering system was added to rate each ropers individual talent level. The numbers go from one to nine for headers and one to ten for heelers, using these numbers a handicap systems has been developed to even the competition. Today there are tens of thousands of amateur ropers who compete for millions of dollars in prize money. There is specialized equipment used by team ropers, Rope - made of fibers, used to rope the steer. The headers rope is usually 30 to 32 feet in length and is a lot softer, the heelers rope is usually 35 or 36 feet in length and is a lot stiffer. Horn wraps - protective wraps that go around the horns of the steer to prevent rope burns and reduce the risk of a horn breaking when roped. Bell boots and splint boots are placed on the legs for protection Steers used for roping are moved from a holding corral through a series of narrow alleyways that lead to the roping arena. The alleyways allow the steers to be lined up in single file, then, one at a time, a steer is moved into a chute with spring-loaded doors in front and a solid gate behind, so that only one animal is released at a time. On each side of the chute is a called the box that is big enough to hold a horse. An electronic barrier, consisting of an electric eye connected to a device, is sometimes used in place of the barrier rope. When the header is ready, he or she calls for the steer, the freed steer breaks out running. When the steer reaches the end of the rope, the barrier releases, the header must rope the steer with one of three legal catches, a clean horn catch around both horns, a neck catch around the neck or a half-head catch around the neck and one horn. The header then takes a dally, a couple of wraps of the rope around the horn of the saddle, some ropers have lost fingers in this event. Once the header has made the dally, the turns the horse, usually to the left
Calf roping, also known as tie-down roping, is a rodeo event that features a calf and a rider mounted on a horse. The event derives from the duties of working cowboys, which often required catching and restraining calves for branding or medical treatment. Ranch hands took pride in the speed with which they could rope, the calves are lined up in a row and moved through narrow runways leading to a chute with spring-loaded doors. When a calf enters the chute, a door is closed behind it, the lever holds a taut cord or barrier that runs across a large pen or box at one side of the calf chute, where the horse and rider wait. The barrier is used to ensure that the calf gets a head start, when the roper is ready, he calls for the calf, and the chute operator pulls a lever opening the chute doors and releasing the calf. The calf runs out in a straight line, however, if the rider mistimes his cue to the horse and the horse breaks the barrier before it releases, a 10-second penalty will be added to his time. This is sometimes referred to as a Cowboy Speeding Ticket, the rider must lasso the calf from horseback by throwing a loop of the lariat around the calfs neck. Once the rope is around the neck, the roper signals the horse to stop quickly while he dismounts. The calf must be stopped by the rope but cannot be thrown to the ground by the rope, if the calf falls, the roper loses seconds because he must allow the calf to get back on its feet. When the roper reaches the calf, he picks it up, once the calf is on the ground, the roper ties three of the calfs legs together with a short rope known as a tie-down rope or piggin string. A half hitch knot is used, sometimes referred to colloquially as two wraps and a hooey or a wrap and a slap, the piggin string is often carried between the ropers teeth until he uses it. The horse is trained to assist the roper by slowly backing away from the calf to maintain a steady tension on the rope, when the tie is complete, the roper throws his hands in the air to signal time and stop the clock. The roper then returns to his horse, mounts, and moves the horse forward to relax the tension on the rope, the timer waits for six seconds, during which the calf must stay tied before an official time is recorded. Top professional calf ropers will rope and tie a calf in 7 seconds, the world record is just over 6 seconds. The event is recognized by most rodeo organizations, including the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, in the United States, there are two organizations that promote calf roping alone, the United States Calf Ropers Association and Ultimate Calf Roping. Other timed rodeo events that use cattle include breakaway roping, where the ropes but does not throw the calf, steer wrestling, and team roping. In PRCA events, the calf must weigh between 220 and 280 pounds, calves must be strong and healthy, sick or injured livestock cannot be used. According to the PRCA, Most calves do not compete more than a few times in their lives because of weight and usage restrictions
Malcolm Baldrige Jr.
Howard Malcolm Mac Baldrige Jr. was an American businessman. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from 1981 until his death in 1987, Baldrige was born on October 4,1922 in Omaha, Nebraska. He was the son of H. Malcolm Baldrige, Sr. a congressman from Nebraska, and he had a brother, Robert Connell Baldridge, and a sister, Letitia Baldrige. He attended The Hotchkiss School and Yale University, at Yale, he was a member of a Delta Kappa Epsilon. Baldrige began his career in the industry in 1947, as the foundry hand in an iron company in Connecticut. During World War II, Baldrige served in combat in the Pacific as Captain in the 27th Infantry Division, on March 31,1951, Baldrige married Margaret Midge Trowbridge Murray, with whom he had two daughters. Prior to entering the Cabinet, Baldrige was chairman and chief officer of Scovill. Having joined Scovill in 1962, he is credited with leading its transformation to a diversified manufacturer of consumer, housing. Baldrige was nominated to be Secretary of Commerce by President-elect Ronald Reagan on December 11,1980, during his tenure, Baldrige played a major role in developing and carrying out Administration trade policy. He took the lead in resolving difficulties in technology transfers with China, Baldrige held the first Cabinet-level talks with the Soviet Union in seven years which paved the way for increased access for U. S. firms to the Soviet market. He was highly regarded by the worlds most preeminent leaders and he was the leader in the reform of the nations antitrust laws. Baldriges award-winning managerial excellence contributed to long-term improvement in economy, efficiency, within the Commerce Department, Baldrige reduced the budget by more than 30% and administrative personnel by 25%. How Plain English Works for Business, Twelve Case Studies was published by the U. S. Department of Commerce with his introduction, in it were twelve chapters on how translations of complex legal wording or bureaucratic jargon could be simplified and made more clear to any reader. It became You can get a loan from us on your policy while it has a loan value, the policy can be the sole security for the loan. Baldriges introduction read, in part, Talking or writing in plain English is a challenge to both the private and public sectors, in this book of case studies,12 corporations and trade associations tell how they met this challenge. I am grateful for the efforts their officials have given to this partnership project, Baldrige worked during his boyhood as a ranch hand and earned several awards as a professional team roper on the rodeo circuit. He was a Professional Rodeo Man of the Year in 1980 and was installed in the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City in 1999, Baldrige once appeared on the television game show To Tell the Truth pretending to be rodeo tie-down roping champion Dean Oliver. Following the accident, Baldrige was flown by helicopter to John Muir Hospital in Walnut Creek, California, Baldrige was buried in North Cemetery in Woodbury, Connecticut