Category:Scottish diaspora in Europe
This category has only the following subcategory.
- ► Ulster Scots people (2 C, 94 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. Scottish diaspora – The Scottish diaspora consists of Scottish people who emigrated from Scotland and their descendants. The diaspora is concentrated in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, England, New Zealand, Northern Ireland and to a lesser extent Argentina, Chile, a Scottish Argentine population has existed at least since 1825. There are an estimated 100,000 Argentines of Scottish ancestry, Scottish Argentines have been incorrectly referred to as English. Scottish people have a history in Canada, dating back several centuries. Many towns, rivers and mountains have been named in honour of Scottish explorers and traders such as Mackenzie Bay, most notably, the Atlantic province of Nova Scotia is Latin for New Scotland. Once Scots formed the vanguard of the movement of Europeans across the continent, in more modern times, emigrants from Scotland have played a leading role in the social, political and economic history of Canada, being prominent in banking, labour unions, and politics. The first documented Scottish settlement in the Americas was of Nova Scotia in 1629, on 29 September 1621, the charter for the foundation of a colony was granted by James VI of Scotland to Sir William Alexander. Between 1622 and 1628, Sir William launched four attempts to send colonists to Nova Scotia, a successful occupation of Nova Scotia was finally achieved in 1629. The colonys charter, in law, made Nova Scotia a part of mainland Scotland, the Scots have influenced the cultural mix of Nova Scotia for centuries and constitute the largest ethnic group in the province, at 29. 3% of its population. Many Scottish immigrants were monoglot Scottish Gaelic speakers from the Gàidhealtachd, Canadian Gaelic was spoken as the first language in much of Anglophone Canada, such as Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Glengarry County in Ontario. Gaelic was the third most commonly spoken language in Canada, as the third-largest ethnic group in Canada and amongst the first Europeans to settle in the country, Scottish people have made a large impact on Canadian culture since colonial times. According to the 2011 Census of Canada, the number of Canadians claiming full or partial Scottish descent is 4,714,970, a famous Scot, Thomas, Lord Cochrane formed the Chilean Navy to help liberate Chile from Spain in the independence period. Chile developed a diplomatic relationship with Great Britain and invited more British settlers to the country in the 19th century. The Chilean government land deals invited settlement from Scotland and Wales in its provinces in the 1840s and 1850s. The number of Scottish Chileans is still higher in Patagonia and Magallanes regions, the Mackay School, in Viña del Mar is an example of a school set up by Scottish Chileans. The Scottish and other British Chileans are primarily found in education as well in economic management. In the 2013 American Community Survey 5,310,285 identified as Scottish &2,976,878 Scots-Irish descent, large scale emigration from Scotland to America began in the 1700s after the Battle of Culloden where the Clan structures were broken up. Anti-Catholic persecution and the Highland Clearances also obliged many Scottish Gaels to emigrate, the Scots went in search of a better life and settled in the thirteen colonies, mainly around South Carolina and Virginia
2. Gurro – Gurro is a comune in the Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 140 kilometres northeast of Turin and about 20 kilometres northeast of Verbania. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 288, Gurro borders the municipalities of Cavaglio-Spoccia, Cursolo-Orasso, Falmenta and Miazzina. Gurro is said to be populated by the descendents of Scottish soldiers, according to local legend, Scottish soldiers fleeing the Battle of Pavia arrived in the area where severe blizzards forced many, if not all, to give up their travels and settle in the town. To this day Gurro is proud of its Scottish links, many residents claim their surnames are Italian translations of Scottish surnames, and the town also has a Scottish museum
3. London Scottish (regiment) – The London Scottish was a Volunteer infantry regiment of the British Army. Formerly a regiment, the unit is now A Company of the London Regiment, the 51st Highland comprised, in addition to the London Scottish, companies of Black Watch, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Liverpool Scottish, Queens Own Highlanders and Gordon Highlanders. TAVR III disbanded as units in 1969, C Company, The London Yeomanry and Territorials reduced to an 8-man Cadre sponsored and administered by the TAVR II company, G Company,51 Highland. TAVR III Cadres finally disbanded 1971, G Company, 1st Battalion -1971. The Gordon Highlanders and Queens Own Highlanders companies of 51st Highland formed a 2nd Battalion, 1/51 was essentially Black Watch, with London Scottish and Liverpool Scottish add-ons. G Company ADMINCON 8th Battalion Queens Fusiliers - 1992-1993 A Company, the battalion was formed of four Rifle Companies, plus an HQ Company, The London Scottish, D Company, and both from the former 8th Battalion Queens Fusiliers, B Company and C Company. HQ Company was multi-capbadged, with its Support Weapons specialist platoons hosted by, through all the subsequent changes, the third Rifle Platoon in each Rifle Company has never been re-established. A Company, The London Regiment - 1999-2006, the London Regiment received two Rifle Companies from 4th Battalion Royal Green Jackets, which was disbanded under the 1998 Strategic Defence Review. These companies retained their designations as F and G Companies, becoming F Company. Each company brought with it the Support Weapons specialist platoons they had administered within 4th Battalion Royal Green Jackets, thus, there were duplicate Reconnaissance and Machine Gun Platoons within the enlarged six-Rifle Company London Regiment. A Company, The London Regiment -2006, the two Royal Green Jacket companies leave the London Regiment to form part of the new 7th Battalion The Rifles. The regiment was founded in 1859, part of the volunteer movement which developed in the face of potential French invasion after Felice Orsinis attack on Napoleon III was linked to Britain. Over many years the London Scottish have changed titles and composition, the regiment raised three battalions during World War I, with the 1/14th Battalion, The London Regiment serving on the Western Front. The 1/14th Battalion was mobilized on the outbreak of war, departing for France on 15 September 1914, on 31 October 1914 the battalion encountered German forces at [[Battle of Messines in Belgium. It was the first territorial unit to see service in this war. Following ongoing action on the Western Front throughout 1914-18, the 1/14th formed part of the British army of occupation at Cologne, the 2nd Battalion of the London Scottish embarked for France in June 1916 but was then transferred to Salonika and Palestine. A third battalion served as a training and reserve unit, supplying reinforcements to the two fighting battalions of the London Scottish throughout the war, the London Scottish lost about 2,500 people who died in World War I. In 1918, two Victoria Crosses were awarded to soldiers of the regiment during fighting near Jerusalem, as in World War I, the London Scottish raised three battalions during World War II, two of which served overseas
4. London Scottish F.C. – London Scottish Football Club is a rugby union club in England. The club is a member of both the Rugby Football Union and the Scottish Rugby Union, the club shares the Athletic Ground with Richmond. In early 1878, three Scottish members of a team called St. Andrews Rovers FC decided to break away to form their own club for Scots and these men, George Grant, Neil Macglashan and Robert Arnot attracted a number of responses to a circular they sent out. The London Scottish Regiment in particular were very warm to the idea and they had a sizable fixture list and played some of the leading clubs of the time immediately, such as Ravenscourt Park Football Club and Queens House Football Club. They also played St Andrews Rovers that season, St Andrews, who had lost the core of their best players lost twice to London Scottish and folded at the end of the season. London Scottish had a successful first season, and having played 15 matches they only lost four. London Scottish was the first of the Exiles rugby clubs to be founded, London Scottish made the John Player Cup Final in 1974, where they lost 26–6 against defending champions Coventry. The club turned professional in 1996, tony Tiarks bought the club for £500,000 in 1996. In the 1998–99 season, Scottish made their one and only appearance in the English Premiership, notable games that season included victories over, Bath, Saracens, and Newcastle Falcons. That season included Scottish international stars Ronnie Eriksson, Simon Holmes and Derrick Lee, Australians Simon Fenn and Eddie Jones, midway through the 1999 season, Tiarks was disillusioned and discussed selling Scottishs place in the Premiership to second-division Bristol. He bailed out in the summer of 1999, the Professional club London Scottish Rugby was placed into administration in 1999 and the club was nominally merged into London Irish along with Richmond who were also placed into administration. The original amateur club rejoined the RFU leagues at the bottom of the pyramid after effectively being relegated nine divisions by the RFU, the club has since progressed back up through seven divisions in 10 seasons to RFU Championship for the 2011–12 season. The club was promoted to the English National leagues for the 2007–08 season after an eight-year absence, the club was unbeaten in the 2008–09 season, earning promotion to the revamped RFU National 1 Division for the 2009–10 season. In 2009–10, the finished second in their first season in RFU National 1 Division. The club secured promotion to the RFU Championship for the 2011–12 season, there followed significant wins in the second half of the season, including a 26–23 victory over Bedford Blues, a 25–13 win over Nottingham and a 17–20 win away at Cornish Pirates. The Scottish again finished mid-table in the Championship for the 2013–14 season, the team had four players named to the Championship Best XV — American international Eric Fry, Tomas Francis, Mark Bright, and Championship top try-scorer Miles Mantella. London Scottish have been exponents of rugby sevens winning the Melrose Sevens, Middlesex Sevens. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality, London Scottish have produced more than 220 Scottish international players, which is more than any other club
5. London Scottish Golf Club – London Scottish Golf Club near the windmill on Wimbledon Common is the third oldest golf club in England. It was founded in 1865 by members of the London Scottish Volunteer Rifles, some of the holes were laid out roughly along the lines of rifle ranges. The redesign came in the year that the Wimbledon and Putney Commons Act took the common away from the ownership of the 5th Earl Spencer. In 1881 a split within the club between military and civilian members led to the creation by the civilians of what is now Royal Wimbledon Golf Club, the two clubs shared the course until 1907, when Royal Wimbledon members built their own new course just off the common. The following year Wimbledon Common Golf Club was founded, and began to share the old course on the common with London Scottish and that arrangement has continued to the present day. Although the clubs are separate, with their own clubhouses and different starting points, they work together. George Duncan, Open Champion at Deal in 1920 and victorious captain of the 1929 British Ryder Cup team, was also a member, in 2015, the clubs 150th anniversary year, Colin Montgomerie was captain. Since 1992, the former European Tour pro Steve Barr, Matthews brother, has been the professional at the club, unusually, due to local byelaws, all golfers playing on the London Scottish course must wear a pillar box red upper garment. Because of its age and its positioning on a Site of Special Scientific Interest and its wood-panelled clubhouse, which was built in 1897 and is a listed building, is a rare remaining example of a purpose-built Victorian golf pavilion. The fictional Wombles of Wimbledon Common, created by the British children’s author Elisabeth Beresford, in The Wombles to the Rescue Tomsk, the most accomplished of the golfing Wombles, is reported to have once played the course in level par
6. Ulster Protestants – Ulster Protestants are an ethnoreligious group in the Irish province of Ulster, where they make up about 54% of the population. These settlers were mostly Lowland Scottish and Northern English people and predominantly from Galloway, begun privately in 1606, the Plantation of Ulster became government-sponsored in 1609, with much land for settlement being allocated to the Livery Companies of the City of London. By 1622 there was a settler population of about 19,000. Ulster Protestants descend from a variety of lineages, including Scots, English, Irish, and Huguenots. Another influx of an estimated 20,000 Scottish Protestants, mainly to the counties of Antrim, Down. This migration decisively changed the population of Ulster, giving it a Protestant majority, most Ulster Protestants are Presbyterian or Anglican, Scottish colonists were mostly Presbyterian and the English mostly members of the Church of England. Between 1717 and 1775, an estimated 200,000 migrated to what became the United States of America, some Presbyterians also returned to Scotland during this period, where the Presbyterian Church of Scotland was the state religion. This repression by Anglicans largely ended after the Irish Rebellion of 1798, as Belfast became industrialised in the 19th century, it attracted yet more Protestant immigrants from Scotland. Because of these migrations, Ulster has a proportion of Catholics than the other provinces of Ireland. The vast majority of Ulster Protestants live in Northern Ireland, which is part of the present-day United Kingdom, most tend to support its Union with Great Britain, and are thus known as unionists. Unlike Protestants in the rest of the Republic, some retain a sense of Britishness, most Ulster Protestants speak Ulster English, and some speak one of the Ulster Scots dialects. British nationalism Protestantism in Ireland Unionism in Ireland Amity and enmity, variety in Ulster Protestant culture Ulster Protestants - Blood & Belonging
7. Ulster Scots people – The Ulster Scots, commonly known as Scots-Irish outside of Ireland, are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland. Scotch-Irish is a term for Ulster Scots who emigrated to North America. The first major influx of border English and Lowland Scots into Ulster came in the first two decades of the 17th century, first, before the Plantations of Ireland and even before the Flight of the Earls, there was the 1606 independent Scottish settlement in east Down and Antrim. It was led by adventurers James Hamilton and Sir Hugh Montgomery, Montgomery was granted half of Conn ONeills land as a reward for helping him escape from prison. Hamilton forced himself in on this deal when he discovered it and, starting in 1609, Scots began arriving into state-sponsored settlements as part of the Plantation of Ulster. This scheme was intended to confiscate all the lands of the Gaelic Irish nobility in Ulster, under this scheme, a substantial number of Scots were settled, mostly in the south and west of Ulster, on confiscated land. Native Irish civilians were massacred in return, by 1642, native Irish were in de facto control of much of the island under a Confederate Ireland, with about a third under the control of the opposition. However, many Ulster-Scots Presbyterians joined with the Irish in rebellion, the war itself, part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, ended in the 1650s, with the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. At the head of the army, Oliver Cromwell conquered all of Ireland, after the Cromwellian war in Ireland was over, many of their soldiers settled permanently in eastern Ulster. Under the Act of Settlement 1652, all Catholic-owned land was confiscated and the British Plantations in Ireland, which had been destroyed by the rebellion of 1641, were restored. However, due to the Scots enmity to the English Parliament in the stages of the English Civil War. There was a generation of calm in Ireland until another war broke out in 1689, again due to political conflict closely aligned with ethnic, the majority of the Protestant colonists throughout Ireland but particularly in Ulster, fought on the Williamite side in the war against the Jacobites. Their victories at Derry, the Boyne and Aughrim are still commemorated by the Orange Order into the 21st century. Finally, another influx of Scots into northern Ireland occurred in the late 1690s. It was only after the 1690s that Scottish settlers and their descendants, for this reason, up until the 19th century, there was considerable disharmony between Dissenters and the ruling Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. Just a few generations after arriving in Ulster, considerable numbers of Ulster-Scots emigrated to the North American colonies of Great Britain, between 1717 and 1775, an estimated 200,000 migrated to what became the United States of America. In the United States Census of 2000,4.3 million Americans claimed Scotch-Irish ancestry, over the centuries, Ulster Scots culture has contributed to the unique character of the counties in Northern Ireland. The Ulster Scots Agency points to industry, language, music, sport, religion, in particular, the origin of country and Western music was extensively from Ulster Scots folk music