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Pages in category "Scottish satirists"
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Satirists from Scotland.|
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. John Arbuthnot – John Arbuthnot, often known simply as Dr Arbuthnot, was a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London. He is best remembered for his contributions to mathematics, his membership in the Scriblerus Club, Alexander Pope noted to Joseph Spence that Arbuthnot allowed his infant children to play with, and even burn, his writings. Throughout his professional life, Arbuthnot exhibited a strong humility and conviviality, Arbuthnot was born in Kincardineshire, on the north-eastern coast of Scotland, son of Rev Alexander Arbuthnot, an Episcopalian priest and Margaret, née Lammie. He may have graduated with a degree from Marischal College in 1685. Where Johns brothers took part in Jacobite causes in 1689, he remained with his father and these brothers included Robert, who fled after fighting for King James VII in 1689 and became a banker in Rouen and half-brother George, who fled to France and became a wine merchant. However, when William and Mary came to the throne and the new Act of Settlement required all ministers to swear allegiance to them as heads of the Church of England, Arbuthnots father did not comply. As a non-conformist, he was removed from his church, and John was there to care of affairs when. Arbuthnot went to London in 1691, where he is supposed to have supported himself by teaching mathematics and he lodged with William Pate, whom Swift knew and called a bel esprit. He published Of the Laws of Chance in 1692, translated from Christiaan Huygenss De ratiociniis in ludo aleae and this was the first work on probability published in English. The work, which applied the field of probability to common games, was a success, and Arbuthnot became the tutor of one Edward Jeffreys, son of Jeffrey Jeffreys. However, Arbuthnot lacked the money to be a student and was already well educated. He went to the University of St Andrews and enrolled as a student in medicine on 11 September 1696. The very same day he defended seven theses on medicine and was awarded the doctorate and he first wrote satire in 1697, when he answered Dr John Woodwards An essay towards a natural history of the earth and terrestrial bodies, especially minerals. With An Examination of Dr Woodwards Account &c and he poked fun at the arrogance of the work and Woodwards misguided, Aristotelian insistence that what is theoretically attractive must be actually true. In 1701, Arbuthnot wrote another work, An essay on the usefulness of mathematical learning. The work was successful, and Arbuthnot praises mathematics as a method of freeing the mind from superstition. In 1702, he was at Epsom when Prince George of Denmark, according to tradition, Arbuthnot treated the prince successfully. According to tradition again, this treatment earned him an invitation to court, also around 1702, he married Margaret, whose maiden name is possibly Wemyss
2. Hugo Arnot – Hugo Arnot of Balcormo was a Scottish advocate, writer, and campaigner. Arnot was the son of a Leith merchant, where he was born on 8 December 1749 as Hugo Pollock and he adopted his mothers maiden name, Arnot, after succeeding to her property of Balcormo in Fife. He became an advocate 5 December 1772, in 1779 he published his History of Edinburgh, and in 1785 a Collection of Celebrated Criminal Trials in Scotland. Both works were pirated in Ireland, Arnot published the second at his own expense in defiance of the Edinburgh booksellers, and the gross proceeds were 600 pounds. Many anecdotes are told of his eccentricity and he wrote many papers on local politics, opposing local taxation and road tolls mainly hitting the poorer part of the population as means for funding road projects. He is said to have held up for ten years the erection of the citys South Bridge, Arnot died 20 November 1786, and left eight children. He is buried in South Leith Parish Churchyard, in his texts, Arnot was sharp and outspoken, which was met with mixed feelings. In his Collection of Celebrated Criminal Trials in Scotland, he comments on what he considered as unjust decisions. Here, for example, is his Enlightenment view of progress being made in the sentencing of criminals, the codes of the criminal laws of most nations are exceedingly barbarous. This is owing to their having been compiled when the nations were sunk in barbarity, were subjected to an absolute government. However, he was later a participant in church activities, and his contributions to the Society were recognised by the Edinburgh magistrates. Arnot was a subject with John Kay, the Edinburgh caricaturist. Chambers, Robert & Thomson, Thomas Napier, a biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen
3. John Barclay (poet) – John Barclay was a Scottish writer, satirist and neo-Latin poet. He was born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France, where his Scottish-born father, William Barclay and his early education was obtained at the Jesuit College at Pont-a-Mousson. While there, at the age of nineteen, he wrote a commentary on the Thebais of Statius, the Jesuits endeavored to induce him to join their order, but his father refused to give his consent and took him to England in 1603. Barclay had persistently maintained his Scottish nationality in his French surroundings, in early 1604 John Barclay presented James with a Latin poem, Kalendae Januariae, and afterward dedicated to him the first part of his Euphormionis Satyricon against the Jesuits. He returned to France by 1605, when an edition of that book appeared in Paris. He was the husband of a Frenchwoman, Louise Debonaire, Barclay and his wife returned to London in 1606, and there published his Sylvae, a collection of Latin poems. In 1607 the second part of the Satyricon appeared in Paris, in 1616 he went to Rome and resided there until his death on 15 August 1621, aged 39. His departure from England may have been prompted by the threat that his children would be brought up as Protestants, to the Catholic Barclay, this was unacceptable. In addition he may have been seeking a more generous patron that the somewhat parsimonious King James, in fact Barclay received a pension of some 150 pounds from the Pope. He wrote his novel, Argenis, in Rome and, according to his contemporaries. His wife outlived him and died in 1652, one son became bishop of Toul in France and survived until 1673. In 1609 Barclay edited the De Potestate Papae, a treatise by his father. In 1611 he issued an Apologia or third part of the Satyricon, a so-called fourth part, with the title of Icon Animorum, describing the character and manners of the European nations, appeared in 1614. Later editions were published in Cologne, the literary effort of his closing years was his best-known work the Argenis, a political romance, resembling in certain respects the Arcadia of Philip Sidney, and the Utopia of Thomas More. The book was completed about a fortnight before his death, which has said to have been hastened by poison. Attribution Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Barclay, John, chambers, Robert & Thomson, Thomas Napier. A biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen
4. Frankie Boyle – Francis Martin Patrick Boyle is a Scottish comedian and writer, well known for his pessimistic and often controversial sense of humour. Boyle was born and raised in Glasgow to Irish parents from the Crolly area of County Donegal and he attended Holyrood Secondary school in Glasgow. After leaving school, he worked as a library assistant over the summer and he then studied Urban Planning at Aston University for a year before leaving and beginning a BA in English Literature at the University of Sussex. He graduated from university aged 22 and his first job was working in a Mental Health Hospital and he then went to a teacher training college in Edinburgh and had placements in schools, but by then he was already performing as a stand up comedian. Boyle was a regular on the BBC panel show Mock the Week from its first episode on 5 June 2005 until 17 September 2009 and he is known for his morbid sense of humour, which plays on negative images of celebrities, politicians, and society. On 2 October 2009, Boyle announced via the Mock the Weeks Facebook fan page that he was leaving the show to concentrate on other projects, Boyle has since criticised both the shows production team and the BBC Trust. He claims that the show did not cover enough major news stories, and was too restrictive on his comedy act because the producers. In October 2009, Boyle piloted a sketch and stand-up show for Channel 4, entitled Deal with This, an official page launched via Channel 4s official website, which confirmed that the shows full name is Frankie Boyles Tramadol Nights and the series was made up of six episodes. Boyle caused controversy on the show with his comments about Katie Price and Dwight Yorkes disabled son HarveyTemplate, Https, //www. ofcom. org. uk/ data/assets/pdf file/0028/46729/obb179. After the pilot was recorded, it was announced on 30 January 2012 that Channel 4 had chosen not to commission the series, nor were there any plans to commission a second series of Tramadol Nights. The pilot episode was included as a feature on the DVD release of Frankies third stand up tour, The Last Days of Sodom and featured guests Jack Whitehall. In 2014, it was released in its entirety on Boyles YouTube channel, the Boyle Variety Performance was broadcast on 19 August 2012 and featured Boyle with guests Rob Delaney, Nick Helm, Katherine Ryan and Tom Stade. A few days after the show was broadcast, Boyle attracted criticism after he posted jokes on Twitter about the 2012 Summer Paralympics, Frankie Boyles Referendum Autopsy was released on 28 September 2014, and Frankie Boyles Election Autopsy was released on 17 May 2015, through BBC iPlayer. Featuring guests Katherine Ryan and Sara Pascoe, Boyle dissected the Scottish independence referendum,2014, Frankie comically analyzes the buildup and fallout of the United States presidential election, tackling topics such as feminism, entertainment, propaganda, and guns. Special guests include Sara Pascoe, Katherine Ryan, Michelle Wolf, Desiree Burch, a sitcom set in a small regional theatre starring David Mitchell as a happy-go-lucky writer with writers block written by Frankie Boyle and Steven Dick, broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on 5 June 2014. On 1 October 2009, Boyles autobiography My Shit Life So Far was released, published by HarperCollins, die. was released in October 2011. Boyles third book, Scotlands Jesus, The Only Officially Non-racist Comedian, was released in the UK on 24 October 2013, in October 2007 Boyle embarked on a stand-up tour of Britain, playing over 100 dates and enjoying a sold-out run that was extended through until December 2008. Boyle said that he planned to quit stand-up before he turned 40, had written his final tour, Boyle performed the tour, entitled I Would Happily Punch Every One of You in the Face between March and December 2010
5. Rory Bremner – Roderick Keith Ogilvy Rory Bremner, FKC is a Scottish impressionist and comedian, noted for his work in political satire and impressions of British public figures. He is also known for his work on Mock the Week as a panellist, award-winning show Rory Bremner. Who Else. and sketch comedy series Bremner, Bird, Bremner was born in Edinburgh, the son of Major Donald Stuart Ogilvy Bremner and his second wife Ann Simpson. He has a brother and an older half-sister. Bremner was educated at Clifton Hall School and Wellington College, and then studied Modern Languages at Kings College London, graduating with a degree in French and German in 1984. In 2009, Bremner was the subject of the series Who Do You Think You Are. in a quest to research about his father and his father had served in the 1st Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment during the Second World War and was often away from home. Bremner travelled to s-Hertogenbosch, the Dutch city liberated by the East Lancs, while at university, he worked on the cabaret circuit in the evenings and was also active in a student drama club. He first came into the limelight in 1985, when his single, Bremner contributed to And Theres More, Spitting Image, and Week Ending, and by 1987 he had his own BBC2 show, Now – Something Else. He later moved to Channel 4 with Rory Bremner, Who Else. where his output became more satirical, having teamed up with veterans John Bird and John Fortune, he hosted Bremner, Bird and Fortune, which won numerous awards. Occasional one-off specials were shown, with Bremner impersonating Tony Blair, Gordon Brown. Bremner now regularly performs on Sunday AM, impersonating politicians, with a review of recent political events and he has also presented a BBC Radio 4 series, Rory Bremners International Satirists, in which he talks to comedians and impressionists from other European countries. In September 2009, he presented a BBC Four documentary, Rory Bremner, in the run-up to the 2010 UK General Election, he performed a 20-date Election Battlebus Tour, his first stand-up comedy tour in five years. Bremner has translated three operas into English, Der Silbersee by Kurt Weill, Carmen by Georges Bizet, one of the plays—the short comedy of manners A Respectable Wedding—was newly translated by Bremner, who also penned the title to the series. Bremner took part in the 2011 series of Strictly Come Dancing and his dance partner in the series was Erin Boag and they were eliminated 3rd, on 23 October 2011. In 2012, Bremner appeared on the BBC Four programme, The Story of Light Entertainment, in January 2013, he began hosting a new Channel 4 quiz show, Face the Clock. In 2013, Bremner presented Rory Goes to Holyrood, a show for BBC Scotland that takes a satirical look at Scottish politics. The programme was announced in March 2013, with plans for it to be aired later in the year, in a BBC press release for the show, Bremner spoke of his reasons for recording the programme. Coming back to Scotland in the run-up to the Referendum, I realised I knew almost nothing about Scottish Politics, and why is there so little political comedy in Scotland outside the Parliament. Time to make sense of it all, the programme featured Bremner presenting a one-off stand-up routine at Edinburghs Assembly Hall, airing on 13 June 2013
6. Thomas Carlyle – Thomas Carlyle was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. Considered one of the most important social commentators of his time, a respected historian, his 1837 book The French Revolution, A History was the inspiration for Charles Dickens 1859 novel A Tale of Two Cities, and remains popular today. Carlyles 1836 Sartor Resartus is a philosophical novel. A great polemicist, Carlyle coined the term the dismal science for economics and he also wrote articles for the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, and his Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question remains controversial. Once a Christian, Carlyle lost his faith while attending the University of Edinburgh, in mathematics, he is known for the Carlyle circle, a method used in quadratic equations and for developing ruler-and-compass constructions of regular polygons. Carlyle was born in Ecclefechan in Dumfriesshire and his parents determinedly afforded him an education at Annan Academy, Annan, where he was bullied and tormented so much that he left after three years. His father was a member of the Burgher secession church, in early life, his familys strong Calvinist beliefs powerfully influenced the young man. After attending the University of Edinburgh, Carlyle became a teacher, first in Annan and then in Kirkcaldy. His prose style, famously cranky and occasionally savage, helped cement an air of irascibility, Carlyles thinking became heavily influenced by German idealism, in particular the work of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. He established himself as an expert on German literature in a series of essays for Frasers Magazine and he also wrote a Life of Schiller. In 1826, Thomas Carlyle married fellow intellectual Jane Baillie Welsh, in 1827, he applied for the Chair of Moral Philosophy at St Andrews University but was not appointed. A residence provided by Janes estate was a house on Craigenputtock and he often wrote about his life at Craigenputtock – in particular, It is certain that for living and thinking in I have never since found in the world a place so favourable. Here Carlyle wrote some of his most distinguished essays, and began a friendship with the American essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson. In 1831, the Carlyles moved to London, settling initially in lodgings at 4 Ampton Street, in 1834, they moved to 5 Cheyne Row, Chelsea, which has since been preserved as a museum to Carlyles memory. He became known as the Sage of Chelsea, and a member of a circle which included the essayists Leigh Hunt. Here Carlyle wrote The French Revolution, A History, a study concentrating both on the oppression of the poor of France and on the horrors of the mob unleashed. By 1821, Carlyle abandoned the clergy as a career and focused on making a life as a writer and his first fiction was Cruthers and Jonson, one of several abortive attempts at writing a novel. Following his work on a translation of Goethes Wilhelm Meisters Apprenticeship, he came to distrust the form of the realistic novel and so worked on developing a new form of fiction
7. George Cranstoun, Lord Corehouse – George Cranstoun, Lord Corehouse was a Scottish advocate, judge and satirist. He was the son of the Hon. George Cranstoun of Longwarton, seventh son William Cranstoun, 5th Lord Cranstoun. In 1832/3 Lord Corehouse is listed as living at 12 Ainslie Place on the Moray Estate in Edinburghs fashionable west end, in January 1839, while apparently in perfect health, he was suddenly struck with paralysis, which compelled him to retire. His accomplishments as a Greek scholar secured him the friendship of Lord Monboddo, while practising at the bar Cranstoun wrote a satire, ‘The Diamond Beetle Case, ’ in which he caricatured the manner and style of several of the judges in delivering their opinions
8. Isaac Cruikshank – Isaac Cruikshank, Scottish painter and caricaturist, was born in Edinburgh and had most of his career in London. Cruikshank is known for his social and political satire and his sons Isaac Robert Cruikshank and George Cruikshank also became artists, and the latter in particular achieved fame as an illustrator and caricaturist. Isaac Cruikshank was born in 1764 to Elizabeth Davidson, daughter of a gardener, and Andrew Crookshanks, Isaac grew up in New North Kirk parish in Edinburgh after his family moved there. He was the youngest child, and was interested in all sorts of hobbies including sports, Isaac studied with a local artist, possibly John Kay. In 1783 Cruikshank left Scotland to travel to London with his master, there he married Mary MacNaughton on 14 August 1788. The couple had five children, two of whom died in infancy. A daughter, Margaret Eliza, a promising artist, died at the age of eighteen of tuberculosis and their sons Isaac Robert Cruikshank and George Cruikshank also became artists. Cruikshanks first known publications were etchings of Edinburgh types, from 1784 and his first caricature etching called Scotch Eloquence was of Edinburgh characters. He produced illustrations for books about the theatre, did the frontispiece for Witticisms and Jests of Dr Johnson and his water colours were exhibited, but in order to make a living, he found it more lucrative to produce prints and caricatures. His Olympic games or John Bull introducing his new ambassador to the consul and Boney at Brussells contrast an implied European capitulation. Near the start of his fame in 1789, Cruikshank produced several watercolors adapted from his earlier drawings, publisher John Roach was a friend and patron. Cruikshank later also worked with print dealer S. W. Fores and he also collaborated with G. M. Woodward, and later, with his son George. He also etched and designed lottery tickets and the song-heads of musical scores, Cruikshank died of alcohol poisoning at the age of fifty-five as a result of a drinking contest. He is buried near his home in London, during the late 18th century, there was an enormous amount of propaganda due to changes of power in Europe, the main being French Revolution. The British Monarchy was also being highly criticized of debauchery during this time, as it was a period of economic hardship, political caricature and graphic satire became a prominent outlet for mass propaganda to express competing perspectives on political and economic issues. The revolution also triggered feelings and expressions of patriotism towards artists home countries which they depicted by shedding a grotesque light on their countries enemies. Isaac Cruikshank, James Gillray, and Thomas Rowlandson were considered the leading caricaturists during this period and produced many popular sketches and graphics to be published to citizens. These three prominent artists distinct styles and subject matter let them to be notable and widespread and Europe, the three artists were sometimes considered rivals as their ideas often took different positions and angles on matters, despite sometimes collaborating on works