Category:Seasons in English cricket
This category has the following 15 subcategories, out of 15 total.
- ► English cricket in the 14th to 17th centuries (1 C, 36 P)
- ► English cricket season stubs (119 P)
This category has the following 15 subcategories, out of 15 total.
1. Underarm bowling – In cricket, underarm bowling is as old as the sport itself. Until the introduction of the style in the first half of the 19th century, bowling was performed in the same way as in bowls. For centuries, bowling was performed exactly as in bowls because the ball was rolled or skimmed along the ground. The bowlers may have used variations in pace but the action was essentially the same. Crickets first great bowling revolution occurred probably in the 1760s when bowlers started to pitch the ball instead of rolling it along the ground, the pitched delivery was established by 1772 when detailed scorecards became commonplace and the straight bat had already replaced the curved one by that time. There is no doubt that the bat was invented to contest the pitched delivery. It has been said that the inventor was John Small of Hambledon but it is unlikely that he invented it, rather. The 1760s are one of crickets Dark Ages, a deal more is known about the decades 1731–1750 than of 1751–1770. This has largely to do with the impact of the Seven Years War of 1756–1763 which not only claimed the sports manpower but also its patronage. The rules for bowlers in the 1744 Laws focus on the position of the foot during delivery. The umpires were granted discretion and so presumably would call no ball if, say, one of the first great bowlers to employ the pitched delivery to good effect was Edward Lumpy Stevens of Chertsey and Surrey. There is a rhyme about him to the effect that honest Lumpy did allow he neer would pitch. Lumpy was a professional who studied the arts and crafts of the game to seek continuous improvement as a bowler. He is known to have observed the flight of the ball and experimented for long hours with variations of line, length, other great bowlers of the late 18th century were Thomas Brett and David Harris, both of Hambledon. They were fast bowlers whereas Lumpy relied on variety of pace, an interesting bowler of the time was Lamborn who spun the ball in an unorthodox fashion and may have been the original unorthodox spinner. Underarm bowling was effective while pitch conditions were difficult for batsmen due to being uneven, in time, especially after the opening of Lords and the development of groundsmanship, pitches began to improve and batsmen were able to play longer innings than formerly. In the 1780s and 1790s, one of the best batsmen around was Tom Walker, Walker was another improviser like Lumpy and he began to experiment by bowling with his hand away from his body. It is not clear how high he raised his hand but it could have been waist height and he was accused of jerking the ball and so delivering it in an unfair and improper manner
2. History of cricket to 1725 – The earliest definite reference to cricket is dated Monday,17 January 1597. Derricks testimony makes clear that the sport was being played c.1550, All that can be said with a fair degree of certainty is that its beginning was earlier than 1550, somewhere in south-east England within the counties of Kent, Sussex and Surrey. Therefore, forest clearings and land where sheep had grazed would have been suitable places to play, the sparse information available about the early years suggests that it may have been a childrens game in the 16th century but, by 1611, it had become an adult pastime. The earliest known organised match was played c.1611, a year in other significant references to the sport are dated. From 1611 to 1725, less than thirty matches are known to have been organised between recognised teams, similarly, only a limited number of players, teams and venues of the period have been recorded. The earliest matches played by English parish teams are examples of village cricket, although village matches are now considered minor in status, the early matches are significant in crickets history simply because they are known. There were no reports of matches until the end of the seventeenth century and so the primary sources are court records and private diaries. During the reign of Charles I, the took a increased interest as patrons. Its patrons staged lucrative eleven-a-side matches featuring the earliest professional players, meanwhile, English colonists had introduced cricket to North America and the West Indies, and the sailors and traders of the East India Company had taken it to the Indian subcontinent. In the first quarter of the 18th century, more information about cricket became available as the newspaper industry took an interest. The sport noticeably began to spread throughout England as the century went on, by 1725, significant patrons such as Edwin Stead, Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond and Sir William Gage were forming teams of county strength in Kent and Sussex. The earliest known great players, including William Bedle and Thomas Waymark, were active, Cricket was attracting large, vociferous crowds and the matches were social occasions at which gambling and alcoholic drinks were additional attractions. As early as c.1611, a match was recorded at Chevening in Kent between teams representing the Downs and the Weald. A number of words in use at the time are thought to be possible sources for the name cricket. In the earliest known reference to the sport in 1598, it is called creckett, in what may be an early reference to the sport, a 1533 poem attributed to John Skelton describes Flemish weavers as kings of crekettes, a word of apparent Middle Dutch origin. In Samuel Johnsons Dictionary of the English Language, he derived cricket from cryce, Saxon, in Old French, the word criquet seems to have meant a kind of club or stick, though this may have been the origin of croquet. Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word krickstoel, meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church, according to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of the University of Bonn, cricket derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de sen. Gillmeister believes the sport itself had a Flemish origin but the jury is out on the matter
3. 1729 English cricket season – The 1729 cricket season was the 132nd in England since the earliest known definite reference to cricket in January 1597. Details have survived of seven important matches, the earliest known innings victory is believed to have happened in 1729 and the earliest known surviving cricket bat dates from the season. The earliest known reference to cricket in the county of Gloucestershire has been found, the match on 24 June involved a team specifically named Sussex, but the result is unknown. Despite losing to Gages team in August, Kent under the patronage of Edwin Stead is generally believed to have been the strongest county team of the 1720s, there is a bat in The Oval pavilion which belonged to John Chitty of Knaphill, Surrey. Dated 1729, it is the oldest known bat, pitching began about 30 years later and the straight bats used nowadays were invented in response to the pitched delivery. Dr Samuel Johnson attended the University of Oxford from October 1728 until the summer and later told James Boswell that cricket matches were played there. Boswell mentioned this in his Life of Samuel Johnson, a local game in Gloucester on Monday,22 September is the earliest known reference to cricket in Gloucestershire. Gloucestershire Gentlemen of London Gentlemen of Middlesex Sussex Sussex, Surrey & Hampshire none Walworth Common Woolpack, a Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 –1863. Cricket, A History of its Growth and Development, fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. From Commons to Lords, Volume One,1700 to 1750, a History of Cricket, Volume 1. A Social History of English Cricket, Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Classification of cricket matches from 1697 to 1825, archived from the original on 29 June 2011