Category:Ships and vessels of the National Historic Fleet
Pages in category "Ships and vessels of the National Historic Fleet"
The following 75 pages are in this category, out of 75 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 75 pages are in this category, out of 75 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. National Historic Fleet – The National Historic Fleet is a list of historic ships and vessels located in the United Kingdom, under the National Historic Ships register. National Historic Ships UK is a body which advises the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and other public bodies on ship preservation. As part of this remit, National Historic Ships maintains the National Register of Historic Vessels, as of September 2014 there are 206 vessels on the register, including museum ships, those still in active or commercial service, and a number currently laid up. Some are being restored, others have an uncertain future. Barcelona Charter Search the Registers - National Historic Fleet
2. MV Balmoral – MV Balmoral is a vintage excursion ship owned by the MV Balmoral Fund Ltd. a preservation charity. Her principal area of operation is the Bristol Channel, although she also operates day excursions to parts of the United Kingdom. The Balmoral is included on the National Historic Ships register as part of the National Historic Fleet, Balmoral was built as a ferry by John I. Thornycroft & Company at Woolston in 1949, for the Southampton, Isle of Wight, Limited, more normally known as the Red Funnel line. As built, Balmoral could carry up to 10 cars on her aft car deck, Red Funnel ceased operating excursions in 1968, after which Balmoral was acquired by P & A Campbell. She moved to the Bristol Channel, where she became part of P&A Campbells White Funnel Fleet until 1980, Balmoral moved to Dundee to become a floating restaurant. This was unsuccessful and the ship was placed for sale again, at this time the Waverley Steam Navigation Co. Ltd were looking for another vessel to operate alongside the worlds last seagoing paddle steamer, Balmoral was purchased by them and subjected to a major refit. As part of this, her car deck was enclosed to form an area that is now in use as a dining saloon, Balmoral returned to the Bristol Channel in 1986. Since then the ship has operated a season of excursions around the Bristol Channel. In winter 2002, Balmoral received new engines, her original twin 6-cyl Newbury Sirron diesels were removed and replaced with a pair of Danish-built Grenaa diesel engines and this work was partially funded by a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Today Balmoral can accommodate up to 800 passengers and has a restaurant on board. In December 2012 Waverley Excursions and Waverley Steam Navigation announced that Balmoral would not be sailing in 2013, the ships operation has been hampered increasingly in recent years by extreme weather conditions. In 2015, ownership of MV Balmoral was transferred to a new registered charity MV Balmoral Fund Limited, following a refit costing over £300,000 and with help from a Coastal Communities Fund Grant, Balmoral started public sailing again on 19 June 2015. List of classic vessels MV Balmoral – Vintage Excursion Ship
3. HMS Belfast (C35) – HMS Belfast is a museum ship, originally a Royal Navy light cruiser, permanently moored on the River Thames in London, England, and operated by the Imperial War Museum. Construction of Belfast, the first Royal Navy ship to be named after the city of Northern Ireland and one of ten Town-class cruisers. She was launched on St Patricks Day 1938, commissioned in early August 1939 shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War, Belfast was initially part of the British naval blockade against Germany. In November 1939, Belfast struck a German mine and spent more than two years undergoing extensive repairs, Belfast returned to action in November 1942 with improved firepower, radar equipment, and armour. In June 1944, Belfast took part in Operation Overlord supporting the Normandy landings, in June 1945, Belfast was redeployed to the Far East to join the British Pacific Fleet, arriving shortly before the end of the Second World War. Belfast saw further action in 1950–52 during the Korean War. A number of further overseas commissions followed before Belfast entered reserve in 1963, in 1967, efforts were initiated to avert Belfasts expected scrapping and preserve her as a museum ship. A joint committee of the Imperial War Museum, the National Maritime Museum, in 1971, the government decided against preservation, prompting the formation of the private HMS Belfast Trust to campaign for her preservation. The efforts of the Trust were successful, and the government transferred the ship to the Trust in July 1971, brought to London, she was moored on the River Thames near Tower Bridge in the Pool of London. Opened to the public in October 1971, Belfast became a branch of the Imperial War Museum in 1978, a popular tourist attraction, Belfast receives over a quarter of a million visitors per year. The ship was closed to visitors following an accident in November 2011, Belfast is a cruiser of the second Town class. The Admiraltys requirement called for a 9, 000-ton cruiser, sufficiently armoured to withstand a hit from an 8-inch shell, capable of 32 knots. Seaplanes carried aboard would enable shipping lanes to be patrolled over an area. Under the Director of Naval Construction the new design evolved during 1933, the lead ship of the new class, the 9, 100-ton HMS Southampton, and her sister HMS Newcastle, were ordered under the 1933 estimates. Three more cruisers were built to design, with a further three ships built to a slightly larger 9, 400-ton design in 1935–36. In May 1936 the Admiralty decided to fit triple turrets, whose improved design would permit an increase in deck armour and this modified design became the 10, 000-ton Edinburgh subclass, named after Belfasts sister ship HMS Edinburgh. Belfast was ordered from Harland and Wolff on 21 September 1936 and her expected cost was £2,141,514, of which the guns cost £75,000 and the aircraft £66,500. She was launched on Saint Patricks Day,17 March 1938, by Anne Chamberlain, the launch was filmed by Pathe News
4. HMY Britannia – Her Majestys Yacht Britannia, also known as the Royal Yacht Britannia, is the former royal yacht of the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in service from 1954 until 1997. During her 43-year career, the yacht travelled more than a million nautical miles around the globe. Today, she is a visitor attraction and evening events venue permanently berthed at Ocean Terminal, Leith, in Edinburgh, Scotland. HMY Britannia was built at the shipyard of John Brown & Co and she was launched by Queen Elizabeth II on 16 April 1953, and commissioned on 11 January 1954. The ship was designed with three masts, a 133-foot foremast, a 139-foot mainmast, and a 118-foot mizzenmast, the top aerial on the foremast and the top 20 feet of the mainmast were hinged to allow the ship to pass under bridges. Britannia was designed to be converted into a ship in time of war. In the event of war, it was intended for the Queen to take refuge aboard Britannia off the north-west coast of Scotland. The crew of Royal Yachtsmen were volunteers from the service of the Royal Navy. As a result, some served for 20 years or more, the ship also carried a platoon of Royal Marines when members of the Royal Family were on board. Britannia sailed on her voyage from Portsmouth to Grand Harbour, Malta, departing on 14 April. She carried Princess Anne and Prince Charles to Malta in order for them to meet the Queen, the Queen and Prince Philip embarked on Britannia for the first time in Tobruk on 1 May 1954. On 20 July 1959, Britannia sailed the newly opened Saint Lawrence Seaway en route to Chicago, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower was aboard Britannia for part of this cruise, Presidents Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton were welcomed aboard in later years. Charles and Diana, the Prince and Princess of Wales, took their honeymoon cruise on Britannia in 1981, the ship evacuated over 1,000 refugees from the civil war in Aden in 1986. HMY Britannia, when on royal duties, was escorted by a Royal Navy warship, during her career as Royal Yacht, Britannia conveyed the Queen, other members of the Royal Family and various dignitaries on 696 foreign visits and 272 visits in British waters. In this time, Britannia steamed 1,087,623 nautical miles, in 1997, the Conservative government committed itself to replacing the Royal Yacht if re-elected, while the Labour Party refused to disclose its plans for the vessel. After Labour won the election in May 1997, it announced the vessel was to be retired. It was estimated by the Overseas Trade Board that events held on board the yacht helped raise £3 billion for the treasury between 1991 and 1995 alone. The new government said the expenditure could not be justified given other pressures on the defence budget, proposals for the construction of a new royal yacht, perhaps financed through a loan or by the Queens own funds, have made little headway
5. HMS Caroline (1914) – HMS Caroline is a decommissioned C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy that saw combat service in the First World War and served as an administrative centre in the Second World War. Caroline was launched and commissioned in 1914, at the time of her decommissioning in 2011 she was the second-oldest ship in Royal Navy service, after HMS Victory. She served as a headquarters and training ship for the Royal Naval Reserve, based in Alexandra Dock, Belfast, Northern Ireland. She was converted into a museum ship, as of October 2016 she is currently undergoing an inspection and repairs to her hull at Harland and Wolff and is currently closed to the public. Once complete she will be returned to her home of Alexandra Dock in the Titanic Quarter in Belfast, Caroline was the last remaining British First World War light cruiser in service, and she is the last survivor of the Battle of Jutland still afloat. She is also one of three surviving Royal Navy warships of the First World War, along with the 1915 Monitor HMS M33. HMS Caroline was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead and she was laid down on 28 January 1914, launched on 29 September 1914 and completed in December 1914. Carolines machinery is still in place today, although not in working order, Caroline was commissioned on 4 December 1914 and served in the North Sea throughout the First World War. Upon commissioning, she joined the Grand Fleet based at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands and she was part of the Grand Fleets 1st Light Cruiser Squadron from February to November 1915. From 1917 until late 1918, she carried a platform for the launching of Royal Naval Air Service. Caroline remained in the 4th Light Cruiser Squadron after World War I, in February 1922 she paid off into dockyard control and was placed in reserve. Harland and Wolff of Belfast removed her weaponry and some of her boilers around 1924, eventually several thousand ratings were wearing Caroline cap tallies. The first such establishment was set up in the Belfast Custom House, later, Belfast Castle was taken over and included a radio station. There were depth charge pistol and Hedgehog repair workshops associated with HMS Caroline, during the early part of the Second World War when RAF Belfast occupied Sydenham airfield, Fleet Air Arm personnel based there were lodged under HMS Caroline. In 1943, the airfield was transferred to the Admiralty and commissioned as HMS Gadwall, after the Second World War, the Royal Navy returned Caroline to the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, and she served as its last afloat training establishment. She underwent a refit at Harland and Wolff in Belfast in 1951, the Royal Naval Reserve Unit decommissioned from the ship in December 2009, moved ashore, and recommissioned as the stone frigate HMS Hibernia. Caroline herself was decommissioned on 31 March 2011 in a traditional ceremony and her ensign was laid up in St Annes Cathedral in Belfast. Caroline is listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, on her decommissioning, she was placed into the care of the National Museum of the Royal Navy at Portsmouth, though remaining moored in her position in Alexandra Dock in Belfast
6. HMS Cavalier (R73) – HMS Cavalier is a retired C-class destroyer of the Royal Navy. She was laid down by J. Samuel White and Company at East Cowes on 28 March 1943, launched on 7 April 1944 and she served in World War II and in various commissions in the Far East until she was decommissioned in 1972. After decommissioning she was preserved as a ship and currently resides at Chatham Historic Dockyard. Cavalier was one of 96 War Emergency Programme destroyers ordered between 1940 and 1942 and she was one of the first ships to be built with the forward and aft portions of her hull welded, with the midsection riveted to ensure strength. The new process gave the ship additional speed, in 1970 a 64-mile race was arranged between Cavalier and the frigate Rapid, which had the same hull form and machinery. Cavalier beat Rapid by 30 yards after Rapid lifted a safety valve, after commissioning she joined the 6th Destroyer Flotilla, part of the Home Fleet, and took part in a number of operations off Norway. She and the other escorts reformed the convoy, and returned to Britain with the loss of three of the thirty-four ships. This action earned Cavalier a battle honour, later in 1945 Cavalier was despatched to the Far East, where she provided naval gunfire support during the Battle of Surabaya. In February 1946 she went to Bombay to help quell the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny, after some time in the British Pacific Fleet she was paid off in May 1946 and was placed in reserve at Portsmouth. Cavalier returned to service in 1957 after a modernisation, which included removing some of her torpedo tubes in favour of Squid anti-submarine mortars and she was again sent to the Far East, and joined the 8th Destroyer Squadron in Singapore. In December 1962 she transported 180 troops from Singapore to Brunei to help suppress a rebellion that became part of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, after disembarking the troops she remained in Brunei as a communications centre for several days until other Royal Navy ships arrived to relieve her. Cavalier was decommissioned in 1972 along with HMS Wellington, and is the last surviving British destroyer of World War 2 still in the UK, after decommissioning at Chatham Dockyard, she was laid up in Portsmouth. As a unique survivor, after a campaign led by Lord Louis Mountbatten. By selling the ship to the Trust, the UK Government, a special warrant was issued that allows her to retain the prefix HMS and fly the White Ensign, a privilege normally only enjoyed by commissioned ships of the Royal Navy. A similar privilege is enjoyed by another ship, the cruiser Belfast. Moved to Southampton, Cavalier opened as a museum and memorial ship in August 1982 and this was not commercially successful, and in October 1983 the ship was moved to Brighton, where she formed the centrepiece of a newly built yacht marina. The ship sat in a dry dock in a rusting condition, after the reforming of the Cavalier Trust, and a debate in Parliament, in 1998 Cavalier was bought by Chatham Historic Dockyard for display as a museum ship. Arriving on 23 May 1998, Cavalier now resides in No.2 dry-dock, on 14 November 2007, Cavalier was officially designated as a war memorial to the 142 Royal Navy destroyers sunk during World War II and the 11,000 men killed on those ships