Category:Ships built in Livorno
Pages in category "Ships built in Livorno"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. NRP Adamastor – NRP Adamastor was a cruiser in the Portuguese Navy. She was built in Italy in 1897 using the revenue of a national subscription made after the British ultimatum to Portugal in 1890, Adamastor played an important role in Portugal′s 5 October 1910 republican revolution, being one of the three rebelling cruisers. During World War I, she was one of two sent to the vital port of Quelimane in Portuguese East Africa in 1916. The presence of the cruisers was a factor in preventing German forces from continuing their advance on Quelimane after the German victory at the Battle of Namakura. On 5 October 1934, Adamastor ran aground at Bolama, Portuguese Guinea and she was refloated on 7 October 1929. In 1934, Adamastor was decommissioned and sold to the Portuguese merchant marine, cantiere navale fratelli Orlando J. C. Pereira ed. Dicionário Ilustrado da História de Portugal
2. Italian cruiser Aretusa – Aretusa was a torpedo cruiser of the Partenope class built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1880s. Laid down in June 1889 at the Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando shipyard and her main armament were her six torpedo tubes, which were supported by a battery of ten small-caliber guns. Aretusa spent most of her career in the main Italian fleet, at the start of the Italo-Turkish War in September 1911, she was assigned to the Red Sea Squadron in Italian Eritrea. She bombarded Ottoman positions in the Arabian Peninsula and took part in a blockade of the coast, worn out by the end of the war in October 1912, Aretusa was sold for scrap that December and broken up. Aretusa was 73.1 meters long overall and had a beam of 8.22 m and she displaced 833 metric tons normally. Her propulsion system consisted of a pair of horizontal triple-expansion steam engines, each driving a screw propeller. Specific figures for Aretusas engine performance have not survived, but the ships of her class had top speeds of 18.1 to 20.8 knots at 3,884 to 4,422 indicated horsepower. The ship had a radius of about 1,800 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots. She had a crew of between 96 and 121, Aretusa was armed with a main battery of one 120 mm /40 gun and six 57 mm /43 guns mounted singly. α She was also equipped with three 37 mm /20 guns in single mounts. Her primary offensive weapon was her five 450 mm torpedo tubes, the ship was protected by an armored deck that was up to 1.6 in thick, her conning tower was armored with the same thickness of steel plate. Aretusa was laid down at the Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando in Livorno on 1 June 1889, after fitting-out work was completed, the ship was commissioned into the fleet on 1 September 1892. During the 1893 fleet maneuvers, Aretusa served with the 3rd Division of the Reserve Squadron, along with the protected cruisers Vesuvio and Ettore Fieramosca and four torpedo boats. In 1895, Aretusa was stationed in the 2nd Maritime Department and these included her sister ships Partenope, Minerva, Euridice, Iride, Urania, and Caprera, the four Goito-class cruisers, and Tripoli. As of 1898, Aretusa was assigned to the Active Squadron, with included the ironclads Sicilia and Sardegna, at the start of the Italo-Turkish War in September 1911, Aretusa was stationed in Italian Eritrea in the Red Sea Squadron. Italian naval forces in the region also included five protected cruisers, shortly after the start of the war on 2 October, Aretusa and the gunboat Volturno encountered the Ottoman torpedo cruiser Peyk-i Şevket off Al Hudaydah. In a short engagement, the Italians vessels forced the Ottoman ship to flee into Al Hudaydah, bombarded the port facilities, the protected cruiser Piemonte and two destroyers annihilated a force of seven Ottoman gunboats in the Battle of Kunfuda Bay on 7 January 1912. On 27 July and 12 August, Aretusa, her sister ship Caprera, during the second attack, they destroyed an Ottoman ammunition dump. With the threat of an Ottoman attack greatly reduced, the High Command thereafter began to withdraw forces from the Red Sea Squadron, by the end of August, the unit was reduced to three protected cruisers, Aretusa, Caprera and two auxiliaries
3. Italian cruiser Caprera – Caprera was a torpedo cruiser of the Partenope class built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1880s. She was built by the Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando shipyard, her keel was laid in July 1891, she was launched in May 1894 and her main armament were her five torpedo tubes, which were supported by a battery of eleven small-caliber guns. Caprera spent most of her career in the main Italian fleet and she served in the Red Sea during the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–12, where she conducted shore bombardments and blockaded Ottoman ports in the area. Caprera did not remain in service long after the war, being sold for scrap in May 1913, Caprera was 73.1 meters long overall and had a beam of 8.22 m and an average draft of 3.48 m. She displaced 833 metric tons normally and her propulsion system consisted of a pair of horizontal triple-expansion steam engines, each driving a single screw propeller, with steam supplied by four coal-fired locomotive boilers. Specific figures for Capreras engine performance have not survived, but the ships of her class had top speeds of 18.1 to 20.8 knots at 3,884 to 4,422 indicated horsepower. The ship had a radius of about 1,800 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots. She had a crew of between 96 and 121 personnel, Caprera was armed with a main battery of two 120 mm /40 guns and six 57 mm /43 guns mounted singly. α She was also equipped with three 37 mm /20 guns in single mounts. Her primary offensive weapon was her five 450 mm torpedo tubes, the ship was protected by an armored deck that was up to 1.6 in thick, her conning tower was armored with the same thickness of steel plate. Caprera was laid down at the Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando in Livorno on 27 July 1891 and she was renamed Caprera on 23 February 1893 and was launched on 6 May 1894, the last member of her class to enter the water. After fitting-out work was completed, she underwent sea trials in mid-1895, while testing the engines with forced draft, the ship reached 17.75 knots. The ship was commissioned into the fleet on 12 December 1895, upon entering service, Caprera was initially stationed in the 2nd Maritime Department, split between Taranto and Naples, along with most of the torpedo cruisers in the Italian fleet. These included her sister ships Partenope, Aretusa, Euridice, Iride, Minerva, and Urania, the four Goito-class cruisers, shortly thereafter, she was transferred to Italian East Africa. She departed with the protected cruiser Etna in late December, passing through the Suez Canal on 30 December, the rest of the Red Sea Squadron, which included the protected cruisers Dogali and Etruria, met Caprera and Etna in Massawa. The ship was assigned to the Atlantic Naval Division in 1899, along with the armored cruiser Marco Polo and the protected cruisers Etna, Dogali, by 1907, Caprera had been transferred to the Reserve Squadron, along with four of the older ironclad battleships. The following year, she was stationed in Italian East Africa, while there, an Italian meteorologist conducted several experiments aboard the ship with a hot air balloon to study the monsoon winds in the region, beginning in Zanzibar. The tests, which were conducted in the last week of July, were unsuccessful, at the start of the Italo-Turkish War in September 1911, Caprera was stationed in Italy, alternating between the ports of La Spezia and Naples, along with her sister ships Urania and Iride. The threat of an Ottoman attack from the Arabian Peninsula across the Red Sea to Italian Eritrea led the Italian High Command to reinforce the Red Sea Squadron, Caprera and several destroyers were sent to strengthen the Italian defenses
4. Italian cruiser Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta – Emanuele Filiberto Duca dAosta was an Italian light cruiser of the fourth group of the Condottieri-class, that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She survived the war, but was ceded as war reparation to the Soviet Navy in 1949 and she was finally renamed Kerch and served in the Black Sea Fleet until the 1960s. Duca dAosta was the namesake of the subclass of Condottieri light cruisers. The design of the Duca dAostas derived from the preceding Montecuccoli class, with an increase in size. Duca dAosta was built by OTO, Livorno and was named after Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, the ship joined the 7th Cruiser Division and in 1938 departed on a circumnavigation with her sister-ship, Eugenio Di Savoia. The deteriorating world political situation caused this to be cut short after visits to the Caribbean and South America, at the Italian entry into the war, dAosta was part of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron and participated in the Battle of Punta Stilo between 6–10 July. In addition, she protected North Africa convoys, took part in a sortie against British cruisers. During 1941, dAosta served mostly with the 8th Cruiser Division, laying minefields off North Africa, one of the convoy duties, in December, led to the First Battle of Sirte, in which dAosta took part. Her duties in 1942 were much as before, but with actions against Allied convoys, including the Operations Harpoon and Vigorous, in June. She sailed in August to intercept the critical Pedestal convoy, but, being without air cover, on 13 June 1942, dAosta survived a torpedo attack by the British submarine HMS Unison, while south of Sardinia with the Raimondo Montecuccoli. In 1943, dAosta was inactive due to fuel shortages for most of the remainder of the year, but in August, she attempted, unsuccessfully, a bombardment of Allied positions around Palermo. DAosta was a ship in that she never was damaged in any of the naval actions in which she participated nor was she ever damaged by air attack or submarine attack. There were seven patrols between November 1943 and February 1944, she returned to Italy in April and, thereafter, was used only for transport, after the war, dAosta was inactive. On 2 March 1949, transferred to the Soviet Union as Z15 and she was first renamed as Stalingrad, then as Kerch and served with the Soviet Black Sea Fleet until she was stricken on 20 February 1959 and scrapped in the 1960s. Whitley, M J. Cruisers of World War Two, An International Encyclopedia
5. Italian cruiser Etruria – Etruria was a protected cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina built in the 1891 by Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando Livorno. She was the third of six vessels of the Regioni class, all of which were named for current, or in the case of Etruria, former regions of Italy. The ship was equipped with an armament of four 15 cm and six 12 cm guns. Etruria spent her career with the main fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. In the early 1900s, she spent much of her time in North and South American waters, she visited the United States for the Jamestown Exposition, the ship took part in the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–12, primarily by providing gunfire support to Italian troops in North Africa. Etruria was 84.8 meters long overall, had a beam of 12.03 m and she displaced up to 3,110 metric tons at full load. Her propulsion system consisted of a pair of horizontal triple-expansion engines, on her speed trials, she reached a maximum of 18.3 knots at 7,018 indicated horsepower. The ship had a radius of about 2,100 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots. She had a crew of between 213-78, Etruria was armed with a main battery of four 15 cm L/40 guns mounted singly, with two side by side forward and two side by side aft. Six 12 cm L/40 guns were placed between them, with three on each broadside, light armament included eight 57 mm guns two 37 mm guns, and a pair of machine guns. She was also equipped with two 45 cm torpedo tubes, Etruria was protected by a 50 mm thick deck, and her conning tower had 50 mm thick sides. Etruria was laid down at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno on 1 April 1889, shortages of funding slowed the completion Etruria and her sister ships. Tight budgets forced the navy to reduce the pace of construction so that the funds could be used to keep the fleet in service. As a result, it took two years to complete her hull, which was launched on 23 April 1891, fitting-out work proceeded even more slowly, she was not ready for commissioning until 11 July 1894. In 1895, she the other ships were replaced by the ironclads Sardegna and Ruggiero di Lauria, contingents from Britain, France, Russia, Spain, and several other countries joined the celebration. In addition to the Austro-Hungarian delegation, the fleet consisted of warships from Great Britain, Japan, Germany, Austria-Hungary. On this occasion, she was joined by the training cruiser Etna, Etruria also represented Italy at the commemoration of Peruvian pilot Jorge Chávez on 27 October 1910, who had been killed in a crash attempting to cross the Alps from France to Italy a month before. The French cruiser Montcalm joined Etruria for the event, the ship made another visit to the United States in March 1911, this time in San Francisco
6. ARA General Belgrano (1896) – ARA General Belgrano was a Giuseppe Garibaldi-class armoured cruiser of the Argentine Navy. The ship was built in Italy, along with three ships also for Argentina. The ship was launched in 1896 and served on the Argentine Navy until she was stricken on 8 May 1947, the cruiser was built at the Cantiere Navale Fratelli Orlando, in Livorno, where her hull was laid down in 1896 and launched on July 25,1897. She was purchased in 1898 by the government of Argentina, engaged in a conflict with Chile. After the conflict with Chile, January 20,1899 she carried the President of Argentina Julio Argentino Roca and the President of Chile Federico Errazuriz Echaurren for signing the peace treaty. After visiting Santa Cruz, Rio Gallegos, Puerto Harberton and Ushuaia, in 1902 he was put on hold and after being fitted with a telegraph set in 1907, she was drafted into the fleet again in 1908. In 1912 she was equipped with a radio transmitter, later, she visited Spain and again returned to Genoa to continue the modernization work, including the conversion of boilers to consume gasoline, installing a new mast and changes in the artillery. At the end of this modernization, October 25,1929 arriving part to Buenos Aires on November 24 next, in 1933 she ranked as a coast guard ship and in December the same year is sent to Mar de Plata to be used as a depot ship for submarines. On May 8,1947, after nearly 50 years of service, towed to Buenos Aires, she was broken up in the Matanza River shipyards. Gardiner, Robert, ed. Conways All the Worlds Fighting Ships, acorazados y Cruceros De La Armada Argentina. Apuntes sobre los buques de la Armada Argentina, comando en Jefe de la Armada, Buenos Aires,1972. ISBN n/a Media related to ARA General Belgrano at Wikimedia Commons
7. Greek cruiser Georgios Averof – Georgios Averof is a modified Pisa-class armored cruiser built in Italy for the Royal Hellenic Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. The ship served as the Greek flagship during most of the first half of the century, although popularly known as a battleship in Greek, she is in fact an armored cruiser, the only ship of this type still in existence. At the beginning of the 20th century, Greece decided to reinforce its fleet, the navy procured eight destroyers between 1905-1907, but the most important addition was Georgios Averof. The ship, a Pisa-class cruiser like her Italian sisters Amalfi, the ship was fitted with a combination of Italian engines, French boilers, British artillery and German generators. The ship was launched on 12 March 1910 and her first captain was Captain Ioannis Damianos, who took command of her on 16 May 1911. Averof sailed for Britain, in order to participate in the festivities for the coronation of King George V and it was clear that Captain Damianos was inadequate, so he was replaced by the highly esteemed Captain Pavlos Kountouriotis, who quickly reimposed discipline and set sail for Greece. During the journey, Kountouriotis took care to train the crew, Averof finally sailed into Faliro Bay, near Athens, on 1 September 1911. Averof was at the time the most modern and powerful ship in the navies of either the Balkan League or the Ottoman Empire, with the outbreak of the First Balkan War in October 1912, Kountouriotis was named rear admiral and commander-in-chief of the Hellenic Royal Navy. Averof, under Captain Sofoklis Dousmanis, served as the flagship of the fleet, during the naval battles at Elli and Lemnos against the Ottoman Navy, she almost single-handedly secured victory and the undisputed control of the Aegean Sea for Greece. In both battles, due to her speed, armor and armament, she left the battle line. Averof succeeded in crossing the T of the Turkish fleet and concentrated her fire against the Ottoman flagship, likewise, during the Battle of Lemnos, when the older battleships failed to follow up with Averof, Kountouriotis did not hesitate to pursue independent action. In each battle the ship suffered slight damage, while inflicting severe damage to several Turkish ships. These exploits propelled her and her Admiral to legendary status in Greece, after the Battle of Lemnos, the crew of Averof affectionately nicknamed her Lucky Uncle George. It is a fact that, due to the aforementioned delays in the delivery of ammunition. Georgios Averof is credited with closing the Aegean Sea to Ottoman transports bringing fresh troops. This success had a impact on the land action where the Ottoman forces suffered decisive defeats. During World War I, Averof did not see active service, as Greece was neutral during the first years of the war. After the Noemvriana riots of 1916, she was seized by the French, after the wars end, Averof sailed with other Allied ships to Constantinople, receiving an ecstatic welcome from the citys Greeks
8. Italian cruiser Gorizia – Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s. Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. Armed with a battery of eight 8-inch guns, she was nominally within the 10, 000-long-ton limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty. During the ships career, she frequently took part in fleet reviews. In 1934, she went on a tour with the yacht to eastern Africa. The ship supported the Italian invasion of Albania in 1939, the ship saw extensive service in World War II, which Italy entered in June 1940. In the course of operations, she took part in the battles at Calabria, Cape Spartivento. Gorizia was also attacked numerous times by Allied bombers while in port, under repair when Italy surrendered to the Allies in September, the ship was seized by occupying Germany forces, who found the ship to be unusable and so abandoned her. Italian and British frogmen tried unsuccessfully to sink the ship in 1944, after Germanys defeat in 1945, the Italian Navy determined the ship was beyond economical repair, and so she was broken up for scrap in 1947. Gorizia was 182.8 meters long overall, with a beam of 20.62 m and she displaced 14,330 long tons at full load, though her displacement was nominally within the 10, 000-long-ton restriction set in place by the Washington Naval Treaty. Her power plant consisted of two Parsons steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers, which were trunked into two funnels amidships and her engines were rated at 95,000 shaft horsepower and produced a top speed of 32 knots. She had a crew of 841 officers and enlisted men and she was protected with a armored belt that was 150 mm thick amidships. Her armor deck was 70 mm thick in the portion of the ship. The gun turrets had 150 mm thick plating on the faces, the main conning tower had 150 mm thick sides. Gorizia was armed with a battery of eight 203 mm Mod 29 53-caliber guns in four gun turrets. The turrets were arranged in superfiring pairs forward and aft, anti-aircraft defense was provided by a battery of sixteen 100 mm 47-cal. Guns in twin mounts, four 40 mm guns in single mounts and she carried a pair of IMAM Ro.43 seaplanes for aerial reconnaissance, the hangar was located in under the forecastle and a fixed catapult was mounted on the centerline at the bow. Gorizias secondary battery was revised several times during her career, two of the 100 mm guns and all of the 40 mm and 12.7 mm guns were removed in the late 1930s and eight 37 mm 54-cal