|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vancouver SkyTrain.|
This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vancouver SkyTrain.|
This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.
1. SkyTrain (Vancouver) – SkyTrain is the metropolitan rail system of Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. SkyTrain has 79.5 km of track and uses automated trains on grade-separated tracks running on underground and elevated guideways. SkyTrain has the worlds longest cable-supported transit-only bridge, known as SkyBridge, the opening of the Evergreen Extension on December 2,2016, made SkyTrain the longest rapid transit system in Canada and the longest fully automated driverless system in the world. SkyTrain has 53 stations serving three lines, the Expo, Millennium, and Canada Lines, the Expo Line and Millennium Line are operated by British Columbia Rapid Transit Company under contract from TransLink, a regional government transportation agency. The Canada Line is operated on the principles by the private concessionaire ProTrans BC under contract to TransLink. SkyTrain uses a system shared with other local transit services. SkyTrain Attendants provide first aid, directions and customer service, inspect fares, monitor train faults, the Expo Line was built in 1985 in time for Expo 86. The Expo Line ran only as far as New Westminster Station initially, in 1989, it was extended to Columbia Station and in 1990, once the Skybridge was finished, it continued across the Fraser River to Scott Road Station in Surrey. In 1994, the terminus of the Expo line became King George Station in central Surrey and it was built on a budget of $854 million. During peak periods, every third Expo Line train provides service to Production Way–University, off-peak and it was built on a $1. 2-billion budget and the final extension from Commercial Drive Station to VCC–Clark Station was opened on January 6,2006. From October 22,2016 to December 1,2016, the Millennium Line operated from VCC–Clark to Lougheed Town Centre station, since December 2,2016, the Millennium Line has operated between VCC–Clark Station in Vancouver and Lafarge Lake–Douglas station in Coquitlam. The Millennium Line has 17 stations, three of which are transfer stations with the Expo Line and two which connect with the West Coast Express commuter train, the original Millennium Lines stations were designed by British Columbias top architects and are very different from those on the Expo Line. In 2004, Busby and Associates Architects, designers of the Brentwood Town Centre station in Burnaby, were honoured for their work with a Governor Generals Medal in Architecture and this extension adds 11 km and 6 new stations to the Millennium Line. The Canada Line begins at the Waterfront Station hub, then south to the City of Richmond. Opened on August 17,2009, the Canada Line added 15 stations and 19.2 km to the SkyTrain network, the Canada Line cost $1.9 billion, financed by the Governments of Canada and British Columbia, TransLink, and InTransitBC. Canada Line tracks do not interconnect with the older SkyTrain network, current operation, Former operation, SkyTrain provides high-frequency service, with trains arriving every 2–7 minutes at all stations during peak hours. Trains operate between 5,00 a. m. and 1,30 a. m. on weekdays, with reduced hours on weekends on Expo and Millennium lines. SkyTrain has longer hours of service during special events, such as New Years Eve, the Vancouver 2010 Olympics, TransLinks SkyTrain service area is divided into three zones, with fares varying depending on how many zone boundaries are crossed during one trip
2. Canada Line – The Canada Line is the third rapid transit line built in the SkyTrain metro system in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The line is owned By TransLink and InTransitBC and operated by ProTrans BC, and links Vancouver, Richmond, and it is coloured turquoise on route maps. The Canada Line comprises 19.2 kilometres of track, the line goes from Vancouver to Richmond. It had been scheduled to open on November 30,2009, the Canada Line was anticipated to have 100,000 boardings per day in 2013 and 142,000 boardings per day by 2021, but it has consistently exceeded early targets. Ridership has grown steadily since opening day, with ridership of 83,000 per day in September 2009,105,000 per day in March 2010. During the 17 days of the 2010 Winter Olympics, the line carried an average of 228,190 passengers per day, governance of the project was through Canada Line Rapid Transit Inc. formerly RAV Project Management Ltd. The line was built by SNC-Lavalin, and InTransitBC will manage the line for 35 years under a contract with TransLink. The Canada Line is operationally independent from British Columbia Rapid Transit Company, which operates SkyTrains Expo and Millennium lines, like the other two SkyTrain lines in Metro Vancouver, it is also light metro rapid transit, using fully automated trains on grade-separated guideways. However, the trains are powered by conventional motors rather than the induction system used on the other SkyTrain lines. The Canada Line begins in Downtown Vancouver at Waterfront Station in a subway tunnel beneath Granville Street. It quickly goes into twin-bored tunnels, heading southwest beneath Granville Street, the tunnels then dive deeper to pass below False Creek before rising back up to Olympic Village Station. There, the line back to a cut-and-cover tunnel heading south under Cambie Street. The line emerges from the ground just south of 64th Avenue, the line continues elevated across the North Arm Bridge over the North Arm of the Fraser River, leaving Vancouver and entering Richmond. Just beyond Bridgeport Station, the splits, with the Richmond branch heading south on elevated tracks along No.3 Road. The airport branch turns west and crosses the Middle Arm Bridge over the Middle Arm of the Fraser River, connecting to stations on Sea Island, portions of the airport branch are at grade in order to accommodate a future elevated taxiway for aircraft over the line. Both branches narrow to a track as they approach their respective terminus stations. Just before Bridgeport Station is the OMC facility, which houses the trains not in use. Station construction was designed as a two-stage process, sixteen original stations opened at the same time as the line did
3. Expo Line (TransLink) – The Expo Line is the oldest line of the SkyTrain rapid transit system in the Metro Vancouver region of British Columbia, Canada. The line is owned and operated by TransLink, and links Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, the Expo Line is coloured dark blue on route maps. The line was known as SkyTrain from its launch in 1985 until 2002 and it was given its present name in 2002 to differentiate it from Millennium Line, the second line on the SkyTrain system which was opened that year. It was named for Expo 86, the fair that Vancouver hosted in 1986. From there, the splits, with the Expo Line crossing the Fraser River to Surrey. On October 22,2016, a branch was added to the Expo Line route. This branch runs from Columbia to Production Way–University, making stops at Sapperton, Braid, the main branch between Waterfront and King George remains in place. The line travels underground for a stretch between New Westminster and Columbia stations. Just east of Columbia is a junction where the line splits, one branch crosses the Fraser River, via the Skybridge, and is elevated for the rest of its run through Surrey, with King George as its terminus station. The other branch continues through New Westminster, first through a tunnel, what is now known as SkyTrain began as a demonstration project to showcase the newly developed linear induction propulsion technology to Vancouver and other prospective cities throughout the world. Although Torontos Scarborough RT was completed before the Expo Line in 1985, the Intermediate Capacity Transit System demonstration was built using the Advanced Rapid Transit technology developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation. Construction began on March 1,1982 and was completed in early 1983, the demonstration project consisted of just one station and about one kilometre of guideway with no switches. This original station was not named during this time as it was the only station, as it was a showcase station, Main Street has a different design from other stations on the Expo Line that came after it. For example, glass is featured in the design, but is missing from other future Expo Line stations. The guideway for the line was a straight section east of the station running over Terminal Avenue. It ended across from where the former Brussels Chocolate factory once was, there was no guideway west of the station as the track ended immediately at the west end of the platform where the Vancity head office now stands. The ICTS guideway was built differently from the rest of the Expo Line, the columns were different especially with how they are joined with the guideway. The walkway between the two tracks is of a different but also inferior design from the Expo Line, and it is showing signs of rust that come with the age of the guideway
4. History of the SkyTrain – Construction was funded by the provincial and federal governments. Vancouver had plans as early as the 1950s to build a system, with modernist architect Wells Coates pencilled in to design it. The lack of a transit system was said to be the cause of traffic problems in the 1970s. In 1980 the need for rapid transit was great, and Ontario needed buyers for its new technology, advanced Rapid Transit was selected to be built in Vancouver to showcase the Ontario project at Expo 86. Construction of the line began on March 1,1982 under the Social Credit government of Bill Bennett. SkyTrain opened on December 11,1985 with free weekend service, until 1989, SkyTrain terminated at New Westminster Station, in 1987 construction began on an extension including the Skybridge, Columbia Station, and Scott Road Station, extending service to Surrey. The line was expanded yet again in 1994 with the opening of the Gateway, Surrey Central, SkyTrain is part of the 1996 Greater Vancouver Regional Districts Livable Region Strategic Plan, which discusses strategies to deal with the anticipated increase of population in the region. These strategies include increasing transportation choices and transit use, from 1989 to 1993, BC Transit had carried out an extensive analysis on rapid transit from Vancouver to Richmond. Close to a million dollars was spent by BC Transit carrying out engineering, routes in Vancouver such as Granville, Oak, Heather, Ontario and Main Street were all examined and eliminated. Recommended routes for the assessment were Cambie street and the Arbutus corridor. The final option selected was SkyTrain running along Cambie, but the Arbutus line was a contender from the point of view of cost. As part of that announcement, there were rapid transit corridors for future studies shown from Vancouver to Richmond and these corridors were Arbutus and Cambie streets. Were transferred from BC Transit to the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority, as part of the deal, they agreed on a limited growth plan with the province taking responsibility for expansion under the Crown corporation Rapid Transit Project 2000 Ltd. and a cost-sharing scheme. RTP2000 proposed an expansion, a $1. The first section of the Millennium Line opened in 2002, with Braid, most of the remaining portion began operating later that year, serving North Burnaby and East Vancouver. Phase I of the Millennium Line was completed $50 million under budget, critics of the project dubbed it the SkyTrain to Nowhere, claiming that the route of the new line was based on political concerns, not the needs of commuters. But additional development has been slow to get off the ground, by 1998 plans for a line to Richmond resurfaced, including a spur to the Vancouver International Airport, in part to strengthen Vancouvers planned bid for the 2010 Winter Olympics. Equal shares of funding was obtained from the federal and provincial governments as well as the airport authority, the new line was named the Canada Line to acknowledge the federal governments contribution
5. Millennium Line – The Millennium Line is the second rapid transit line built in the SkyTrain metro system in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The line is owned and operated by TransLink, Millennium Line uses the colour yellow on route maps, wayfinding and station signage. Effective December 2,2016, eastbound service on the Millennium Line terminates at Lafarge Lake–Douglas station in Coquitlam, the Expo Line now serves Production Way–University, Lougheed Town Centre, Braid, and Sapperton, with Braid and Sapperton now being exclusively Expo Line stations. When the Expo Line was opened in 1985, an extension to Lougheed Mall in east Burnaby was proposed, an 18-month review of rapid transit was scheduled and started in January 1998 but was cut short by the governments announcement of its choice of Bombardiers technology in June 1998. This meant that the first phase of the line would have to connect to the existing Expo Line to use its maintenance yard, connecting the two lines at Broadway Station was deemed impracticable, so the lines were connected in New Westminster. Switches to the Millennium Line were installed on the Expo Line at the end of the Skybridge. Expo Line service was reduced to a track over the Skybridge during the installation of these switches. The second phase of the Millennium Line was to be an extension from Lougheed Mall to Coquitlam, a short spur and switches to the PMC Line were installed to the east of Lougheed Town Centre Station and a third platform was roughed-in in anticipation of the extension. Phase II was cancelled following a change in provincial government, for Phase II, service was extended to Commercial Drive Station on August 31,2002. Lake City Way Station, located between Sperling–Burnaby Lake and Production Way–University Stations, opened on November 21,2003, three years later, the line was extended to its present terminus, VCC–Clark Station, on January 6,2006. The Millennium Line was completed at a cost of $1.2 billion, transfer to the Expo Line is now possible at Commercial–Broadway, Production Way–University, and Lougheed Town Centre Stations. In 2007, the portion of the Millennium Line served an average of 70,000 passengers per day. Of these,14,000 passengers arrived on trains travelling from Expo Line stations west of Columbia Station, in 2009, it was estimated that ridership had grown to at least 80,000 passengers per day. Construction of the Evergreen Extension to the Millennium Line was completed in 2016, major work began in 2013 and it was opened for revenue service on December 2,2016. At one point prior to 2008, the mode planned for the extension was changed to light rail instead of SkyTrain, as a result, the junction tracks and roughed-in third platform at Lougheed Town Centre station were used as part of the Evergreen Extension. The Millennium Line operates from VCC–Clark station in Vancouver to Lafarge Lake–Douglas station in Coquitlam, the line is elevated to Burquitlam station, where it then goes through a 2 km bored tunnel to the city of Port Moody. In Port Moody, the runs at grade level, rising to cross railway tracks. From Coquitlam Central station, the line is elevated to the terminus at Lafarge Lake–Douglas station, in the Lougheed area of Burnaby, eastbound trains cross the westbound tracks to access the north platform at Lougheed Town Centre station
6. SkyTrain rolling stock – The SkyTrain is a large rapid transit system located in Greater Vancouver, and has a large fleet of rolling stock. These trains reach speeds of 80 km/h, including wait times at stops, the initial fleet consists of 12 m lightweight Mark I ICTS cars from Urban Transportation Development Corporation, similar to those used by Torontos Scarborough RT and the Detroit People Mover. Mark I vehicles are composed of mated pairs and normally run as four-car trains, the maximum based on station platform lengths is a six-car configuration, totaling 72 m The SkyTrain fleet currently includes 150 Mark I trains. These trains have side-facing seats, red, white, and blue interiors, each Mark I car has 36 seats and a capacity of 80 passengers. Mark I trains have spaces dedicated for wheelchair users, bicycles, the Mark I ICTS cars built between 1984 and 1986 for the first/1985 phase of the Expo Line featured two end-doors, one at the front and back of each car. The back side of car had sections painted in black. These trains were different from the test train couple used during the ICTS testing in 1983, in 1991, additional Mark I ICTS cars were purchased. These newer cars featured no end doors, and the side was not coloured black. The ends of each car had no doors, instead, the windows were slightly enlarged, trains include a fold-down seat near the front ends that permit a rider a view of the tracks from the end car. When the 1984/86 fleet of ICTS cars were introduced, floors were carpet-lined, intended as a way to showcase SkyTrain as an elegant world class system. However, as maintaining the carpets proved difficult and sanitation issues quickly became a concern, between the late 1990s and early 2000s, just prior to the opening of the Millennium Line, SkyTrain gradually refurbished the entire Mark I train fleet in terms of design and layout. From the beginning of the systems opening in January 1986. During Expo 86, four-car trains were used to manage the large-scale population flow of the fair. Two-car trains were phased out between 1990 and 1993 in response to complaints about overcrowding. Prior to the opening of the Millennium Line, four-car trains became standard because SkyTrain could operate frequent service during peak hours, the opening of GM Place also brought an increase in the number of special events which required extended capacity during the evenings. SkyTrain operates up to six, six-car trains for capacity during peak periods, two-car trains only operate during train maintenance and testing at the BCRTC Edmonds Maintenance and Storage Facility in Burnaby. From late 2016, leading up to the opening of the Evergreen Extension on December 2, Mark I trains no longer operate as four-car trains, they now solely operate as six-car trains. When the Millennium Line was built, TransLink ordered new-generation Mark II ART trains from Bombardier Transportation,50 of which were manufactured in a Burnaby factory, similar trains are used in Kuala Lumpurs Kelana Jaya Line, New Yorks JFK AirTrain, and the new Beijing Airport Express